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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, January 31, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - January 31, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS Ictermountain Network Station KAIL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Partly cloudy Monday snow flurries north portion Details on Page 10 109 SALT LAKE MONDAY JANUARY 1949 TRICE FIVE GENTS Stalin Invites Peace Compact L Idaho Trains Collide 3 3 Escape Officials See Million Loss Freight Debris Blocks Artery By PERRY SWISHER Tribune Leased Wire AMERICAN railroad crewmen were killed early Sunday when an eastbound Union Pacific Diesel freight rammed head on into a standing steam drawn freight train seven miles west of The collision occurred at on a straightaway between two opposing Railroad men said the westbound train had stalled on a grade for lack of Smashed to death were James 655 Hayes Harold 416 4th about of Crew dispatchers at Pocatello identified the were killed The tragedy was the most seri ous in Idaho railroad Rail traffic across the state was halt ed and Union Pacific officials be lieved equipment and freight losa would total at least They said eastwest traffic ably would be tied up for about 48 Crash Worst In Idaho History BORAH Power triple fatality and fantastic extent of destruction in Sundays freight train headon crash was without precedent in the history of Pacific Rail road Idaho Study of the hopeless shambles of shattered boxcars showed not less than 24 units most of them beyond Once in a derailment near in Caribou county three years a greater num ber of cars left the But they were Pacific Fruit Express They had to be burned on the spot but there was not the loss of loco motive units and freight that was tallied here Engine Loss Trainmen estimated that the Diesel second Diesel unit and the steam locomotive that jammed into each other here could itself represent an The eastbound Diesel pulled 24 cars containing such valuable produce as top grade onions anS retail grade po Pocatello po tato dealer who said he believes five carloads of potatoes were con signed to him from Twin estimated values ranging from and per carload of market to for Unofficial estimates of value on the oranges ranged as high as per Railroad officials declined to es timate the overall loss in rolling stock and except that we already know a long way past the million dollar And they will have to add in the still unpredictable losses from a twoday tieup of eastwest traffic the Idaho On Rising Grade Idaho division frequently leads the rest of the Union Pacific in its quarterly safety Although a score of other western rail disas ters dwarf what happened here the greatest loss in south ern Idaho railroad history threw the railroad organization into gloom too deep to be eased by any gen eral chairman of the Brotherhood of Locomotive said the westbound train which suffered the least damage and no lives was a load of maybe 500 73 loaded cars and 11 That train was saved from more ex treme damage evidently because It was on the ascending grade with no slack between At least 24 box cars were dam many of them beyond re The locomotive units were damaged Leap Into Deep Snow Enginemen on the stalled steam drawn freight escaped death by leaping from the cab into deep Engineer Cramer said he saw oncoming Diesel when it was aoout half a mile fitom his motionless Cramer estimated speed of the Diesel freight at35 to 40 and said he and his men barely had time to Orval 545 Lincoln fireman 1517 Garfield and all of made the hurried drop to Possible Brake Failure Because all three men riding in the eastbound cab were of ficials were at least at the about discovering just what had One con jectuie was possibility of a brake failure because of the most strin gent winter on record in Idaho and its effect on Con jecture was that the deathfacing Diesel trio knew just before the impact that the other train was dead ahead but no one offered a positive answer for the failure to slow or The terrible in which boxcars crumbled like paper car tons as their force toppled them over each other and into the diesel power could not have hap pened in a more difficult The snarl was on a single track main only throughartery for all traffic across southern The trains hit in a rocky cut from which wreckage must be rather than lifted to one 1015 Below Zero Temperatures were at 10 to 15 degrees below zero while wrecker crews and railroad officials set up the emergency operation in pre dawn So tangled were the tons of wreckage that it was before the plainly visible body of Engineer Cawley could be ex Shortly before 3 the wrecker crane succeeded in re moving the steam locomotive and the body of the brake was His body had been lifted clear of the diesel cab and was crushed against the other lo At nightfall crews still had not uncovered the deeply buried body of the fire Wrecker whitecollar of See Page Column 3 Utahs 47 Silver Gains Offset by TriMetal Slump 30 Lead and silver mining increased last year in over but Were more than offset in value by declines in gold and zinc the bureau of mines reported The total value of the five metals mined in Utah in 1948 was compared to during the previous preliminary figures of the bureau Of the total 1948 copper contributed lead gold zinc and silver five per cent The bureau said that Utah lead production last year was 13 over and silver 3 How production decreased nearly gold 12 and zinc The 1948 output and valueof metals in the state was given by the bureau as follows compara tive 1947 figures are shown in fine fine The bureau said that declines in the production of gold and cop in 1948 were directly traceable to work stoppage at the Utah Copper openpit mine of the Ken necott Copper in Bingham Wrecker Moves In to Get at Heart of Damage Wrecker at moves in after undamaged boxcars were towed to get at heart of wreckage in Sundays train smashup seven miles west of American Visible at to right of Planes Crash Over Fatal to Two NEW 30 Iff A giant airliner and a tiny private ship collided over Long Island Sunday in fantastic accident that killed the two men in the private ship and catapulted their bodies into the airliners Its top gashed open and its pas senger cabin the Lon donbound airliner escaped disas ter and made an ing with its 23 passengers and 10 crewmen The accident occurred within minutes after the big a Pan American World Airways Constel Monarch of the had left La Guardia field at Malcolm copilot of the said there was a sound like a tremendous tire Dropped The big ship shuddered and he before it was brought for a land ing at Mitchel an army air base five miles There was a gaping hole in the top of the which Pan said in a statement Sunday night could not have been made except by a plane div ing directly from The statement said The engine of the light plane was found on the floor of the slightly to the right of the center of the It would appear from the position of the engine and the opaning in the roof of the fuselage that the hole could not have been made except by a plane diving down directly from 15 Feet Long The hole was 15 long and 5 extending back on the ship from the mens where the small plane regional chief of the civil aeronautics inves tigated the and said the pilot of the airliner had a momen tary flash of a plane coming in at had no time to do any thing about When the big craft circled in and two tires on its wheels A short time after the crash Port police re ported they had found parts of a third body from the in a street in that small north shore Long Island Belong to Bodies they established that the dismembered parts belonged to one of the bodies catapulted into the The captain of the George said the small plane flew into the top of his He said they were 4000 The dead men were tentatively identified as Arthur and Eugene They reportedly were aboard the private plane when it left a airport for a flight over New York A Nassau county police officer said bodies of the two men were taken out of the airliner when it and removed to a They had 25 on instead of when it he said Food Parachuted To Stranded Arizona Indians 30 was parachuted Sunday from a navy C47 plane to In dians snowbound in the Navajo mountain school on the Navajo Indian reservation in northeast Irvine Watts of the Civil Air heading a group of civilian and national guard planes in an aerial survey of Navajo saw the word help written out tvrice on the snow near the He reported to the airport at and the navy plane was commandeered by relief officials and sent north with more than 450 pounds of food vhich it parachuted to the stranded About 40 children and an un determined number of adults are Leftist Revolt Ousts Chief Of Paraguay 30 Juan Natalicio Gon zalez was deposed Sunday by a well oiled and apparently bloodless coup detat believed to have been engineered by political opponents in his own An announcement issued by the victorious rebels said Gonzalez had been ousted to pave the way for unification of the badly split Colorado government The national assembly was scheduled to meet late Sunday to elect a provisional president and No Army Participation There was no indication that the Paraguayan army had active ly aided either side in the An armed forces communique is sued shortly after noon said only that the army would cooperate with the police to maintain order throughout the Paraguayan circles in Buenos Aires speculated that prounity Colorado leaders Liberato Rodri guez and Federico Chaves in spired the Chaves was a candidate for the presidency last year before an intraparty political conflict resulted in the choice of Rebels in Control The coup broke out late Satur day and early Sunday the rebels appeared to be in complete small boat I Their seizure of power i was accomplished without any i fighting and there were no reports of disorders from any part of the Gonzalez and Finance Minister Landro the presidents chief lieutenant in the Guion guidepost faction of the car on its is steam locomotive Farther right is Diesel behind which cars piled 35 feet Bodies could be removed only as wreckage was pulled away from crew crushed in eastbound Nudge Up Intermountain Mercury A break in the weather gave the intermountain region a compara tively good day Sunday with only a few snow flurries in the northern sector marring the The snow described by the weather bureau as1 reached Utah in early afternoon left only slight amounts of new snow in most The flur ries persisted intermittently most of the Temperatures generally were higher than the frigid readings of Lowest official reading reported to the Salt Lake weather bureau was minus 23 at Big but in Montana and Nevada the lowest was only 10 Somewhat colder weather is looked for Monday when the cloud the northern por tion uegins breaking up but ex treme subzero readings are not Snow flurries will per sist in mountanious Lack of snow in any appreci able amounts over the week end gave harried road crews a respite and a chance to improve the channels that have been cut through heavy Roy Utah state road said his crews reported theyhad gained considerable ground on drifted roads and except for the little Gas boated schools in Salt Lake City and northern Utah will receive adequate gas for operation according to Clyde Moun tain Fuel Supply Until tem peratures consider ation had been given to another fuel used Park valley road in Box Elder county had all state roads The road to Alta was reopened for use Sunday and a number skiers made their way to the re In some places the road is narrow but still Logan with 10 below had Utahs official the and with seven below were coldest in their UP Three Feared Drowned 31 Miles United Press vice president for and three including an American ma were feared Monday to have drowned in Tokyo bay when their Their overturned 15foot boat was found Sunday night Bodies of an American and a both were picked up Mon day by a airsea rescue unit crash Vaughn was Suck hunting Sun day with another American iden tified as Thomas took refuge in the Brazilian emj medical corps and two The actual outbreak climaxed These were 63 Japanese months of political dissension retfted former president of a news within the ranks of the Colorado I formerly allied with the which became Paraguays United Press in and and un I only legal political organization identified The party after former Higinio Morini failed to return to a landing where I igo crushed a lefting revolt in a chauffeur was and with five above was coldest Southwestern which has been experiencing one of its worst reported thawing tem peratures Sunday and no At Sah Juan county in southeastern the cury dropped to eight below early of flurries beginning early Sun day but the fall generally was Most of Idaho was touched by the lightfingered storm which skipped lightly over northern Sunday and remained in the freezing zone during the Skies generally were clear in the southern portion of the Cause of the milder tempera tures in the northwest intermoun See Page Column 4 Soviets to Toll Bell Anew On Arms Cut LAKE 30 Russia will sound shortly a new call for a onethird cut in the armed forces of the five big pow ers and a ban on atomic That was forecast Sunday by persons familiar with Soviet pol Hot arguments on atomic control and reduction of arma ments are slated to begin here this perhaps in the security coun cil Jacob Soviet deputy foreign will lay down Russias demands in speecn to the security informed sources will touch off an arms atomic bomb debate which will spread to the United Nations atomic energy commission and the United Nations commission for conventional Mapping Answers Frederick United States deputy on both commis has been busy during Jan uary mapping his answers to the expected Russian attack with state department and other officials on the American Malik was second in command of the Russian delegation to the assembly in Paris and handled a large part of the arms atomic debate Top pro nouncements were made by An drei Soviet vice min ister for foreign Clashed With Malik Osborn clashed several times in Paris with The Russians argued are expected to argue here once the is out to weaken and destroy the and they are out to The Soviet demand for a one third in the total armed strength of the United Britain and Russia and for an immediate ban atomic bomb was beaten 19 in the assembly by a vote of 30 to i Only the Russian bloc voted for The assembly then approved aj plan backed by the I ig to With End War 30 Josef Staliasaid Sunday that Russia would willingly Consider a nowar agreement the United He said he himself had no objection to meeting Harry S Truman to discuss the The Russian leader also reiterated that Russia would end the blockade of Berlin if the western powers agree to postpone plans for a separate west German state and meet other Stalin said that his government could consider gradual disarmament and other measures GUARD VIEWS Leaders Sift Import Of Russ Act 30 State House department and White undertook Sunday a de tailed study of Soviet Prime Min ister Josef Stalins latest move in the cold Officials obviously were con cerned to figure out 1 what ob jective the shrewd Russian leader is driving toward with his an swers to questions put by an Amer ican and 2 what atti tude the United States ought to Weigh All Possibilities Thus authorities weighing their possible reactions very care fully and there was here except on two The State department said in to a question that neither Stalin nor the Soviet government has made any approach to the American government for a Tru manStalin In this connection it was also noted here that Stalins answer on the question of a meeting was more in the form of a negative comment that he had no objec tion than in the of a positive and enthusiastic desire for a Cite Russ Record the second officials ini tially referred to the recent record of Soviet cold war moves and suggested that it would speak for On Capitol initial congres sional reaction to Stalins discus sion of a possible talk ranged from an attitude of welcome to one of cautious Tom Connally chairman of the senate foreign re lations said The statement of Premier Stalin is a significant development in foreign It holds possi bilities lor peace and It will be welcomed by those who are anxious to preserve world peace and to stimulate international har Walter George a member of the same said it might be It may hold some promise of progress to ward a declaration that would re assure the people of the United of Russia and the to back up treaty asserting that neither nation would resort to war against the Answers Scribes Question Stalins broadcast by Radio were in answer to questions asked on 27 by Kingsbury correspondent of the International News Serv v Stalins seemingly conciliatory statement climaxed a vigorous peace offensive waged by Com munist leaders throughout Europe in recent The French and Italian parties had been especially active in the Smiths four questions and Stalins answers 1Would the government of the USSR be prepared to consider issuance of a joint declaration with the United States of as serting that the respective govern ments have no intention of resort ing to war against one another To Consider Action Soviet govern ment would be prepared to consider the issuance of such a Would the government the USSR be prepared to join with the government of the United States of America in measures to implement this pact such as gradual the gov ernment of the USSR could co operate with the government of the United States of America in taking measures designed to implement this pact of peace and leadingto gradual Remove Restrictions If the governments of the United States of the United Kingdom and France agree to postpone the establishment a separate west German pend ing a meeting of the big four council of foreign ministers to consider problem of Germany as a would the government of the U S S R be prepared to re move the restrictions which the Soviet authorities have imposed on communications between Berlin and the many western zones of Ger the United States of Great Britain and Prance observe the conditions set forth in the third the Soviet government sees no ob stacles to lifting transport restric that transport and trade restrictions by the three powers should be lifted Would your excellency be pre pared to confer with Harry S Truman at a mutually suitable place to discuss the possibility of See Page Column 4 Well Fight Pledge to Spark Bitter Atlantic Pact Debate 30 Despite mounting Russian opposi administration officials ne gotiating the north Atlantic pact have decided to make the strong est possible commitment that the United States will go to the aid of western Europe if an aggressor This in the opinion of re sponsible diplomatic that the pact will set off a first Escaped Soviets Brand Peace Overtures False 30 former Soviet who homeland in said Sunday that Russia will go on secretly preparing for war uispite the current peace offensive or dered by Premier Josef Anatoly So viet and Petr a former told news men that Stalin ordered the peace offensive because he IB losing the with the Both men have volunteered to come to the Unitfd States and broadcast to their countrymen over the Voice of class senate debate over the gov ernments powers to make war when it is presented for ratifica tion probably in a month or rix Russias violent dislike of the north Atlantic security project was brought out in a series of week end First the Kremlin denounced Then Saturday night Moscow sternly questioned Norway about her attitude toward the pact in an apparent move to keep Scandi navian nations out of Washington officials considered these two developments of much greater immediate significance than the latest neace talk com ing Prime Minister Josef Stalin Sunday in which he spoke again of willingness to meet Harry S It was learned that Secretary of State Dean Acheson reviewed basic American policy on the pact Saturday in a lengthy conference with It is expected that he will meet soon with ambassa dors of The Luxembourg and Canada who are doing the nego tiating with the State Depart Moreover it has been decided by the State department high com presumably willbe agreed to by the other govern begin soon giving whole project full ;