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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, January 17, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - January 17, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS InterroonBtelo Network Station KALL Monov ThnraKb Prltart it WEATHER Mostly clear Monday tinned Deteilc on Page U 95 SALT LAKE MONDAY JANUARY 1949 AilOut Drive Begins To Save Utah Sheep Counties Join Forces Herder Believed Frozen to Death By ROBERT BLAIR As west central Utah winter inflicted heavy loss on the States sheep state and county agencies joined Sunday for an allout effort to reach thousands of animals and their herders in the blizzardbattered A sheepherder was reported frozen to death near Millard but City Marshal Leavitt said no body had been He said several ruznorswere circulating in Deltathat a herder had been None had been confirmed AFL Proposes Double Social Benefits 16 The American Federation of Labor proposed formally Sunday night that present social security bene fits be It also offered a fourpoint pro gram for a vast widening of fed eral social along lines already called for by Harry S The AFL suggested the whole program including disability and health could be fi nanced this way Employes would contribute 4 of their wages up to a Employers would match this 4 and a por tion of the cost would be met from general government reve Well Drafts Program The AFL said its pre pared by a committee headed by Matthew is being sent to the White House and to Chairman Walter George of the senate finance committee predicted that congress will go very slowly on the public health proposal in Trumans social welfare whose committee han dles all tax rei porter the health program IE very It includes pro visions for medical and dental Eugene Milllklh ranking Republican on the com took a stand similar to Millikin said in an inter view that if Trumans pro posal means socialized medicine in any form it is sure to get vigorous GOP He also forecast some Democratic opposi To finance the health administration officials suggested a onehalf of 1 pay roll shared equally by employer and starting next July They said the pay roll tax would have to be increased later to keen It Two Billion Tax George said he hadnt seen any estimates that didnt indicate a 2 to 4 tax would be required for the program He said this could mean a step up in 1951 and later years to pos sibly an additional tax on pay Points recommended in the AFL program Include Extend the present oldage and survivors insurance to 000 more including farm domestic and the selfemployed double the aver age benefits now Start a national system of sickness and disability Under this a worker tem porarily sick or disabled would get payments just as though he were jearly Monday morning The big push will center on western Millard At Delta some 30 large loaded with are scheduled to fall in be hind a huge state road commission rotary plow at dawn Monday and move west on snowclogged highway Elsewhere over the where virtually all of Utahs sheep are threatened to varying forest serv ice and bureau of land manage ment equipment will join forces to reach periled Hugh grazing depart ment official in the regional of saidcattle except in the Iron county were not He said only a few cattle were believed in the western Mil lardJuabTooele Accounts for Delay Bryan said sheepmen and BLM officials did not believe snow conditions would get as bad as they This accounts some what for the delayed rescue op He said many residents in be sieged areas were calling the storm Utahs State Roads Commissioner Wil lard Day said Sunday he had been asked by Bracken Lee to throw all available equipment into the giant A huge rotary normally used to clear roads in Big and Little left Salt Lake City Sunday afternoon and was scheduled to arrive at Delta by dawn Another will leave Salt Lake City In Delta loaded trucks have been standings waiting feed to western Utah Mayor Golden of Sunday called on Commissioner Day and Let to aid sheepmen in the Meeting on Tap James Utah Wool Marketing said rep resentatives of the forest state roads commission and several members of the legis lature would meet Monday at 10 to consider emergency aid Late Sunday this was the situa tion over the state Messages tramped in the snow at Tooele Sunday afternoon and seen by an said that small community was in dire need of Ibapah has no Saw Help Sign Earl the said he flew over Ibapah to drop a message concerning livestock when he saw a help sign in the He dropped a message asking the res idents there to spell out their he and a man followed by several children promptly spelled out Road Need Ur Tooele county deputy sheriff at said a rotary snow two ordinary blows and about 25 trucks from the Wehdover air force base drove to Gold Hill Sunday and were to plow on to He expressed the belief that the community had been only stock feed was be See Page Columns Beryl Valley Left Helpless In Wake of Worst Storm By HAL TUCKER Iron 16 roads and white mounds of snow indicating where cattle were once together Sun day marked the scene of Beryl a region only recently opened to cultivation and Some 52 inches of snow fell since making this the Worst winter in the memory of the oldest settlers High winds have drifted snow up to 20 feet deep in some All roads leading to this rail head have been blocked for the past seven The U mail stacked high in the local post of There is no communication with the outside world except by a lone telegraph Supplies running low and fear is felt for some outlying ranchers whom it will be impossible to reach for some time after road clearing equipment can be moved into the Cattle naught in the sudden storm are isolatedon the ranges and ranchers who had contracted feed from the farms are unable to get to the farms to haul the Some of the cattle already have who operates 2000 raising polled said he has been able to reach only part of his cattle and is afraid the stock loss in this dis trict will run as high as 60 un less immediate relief is forthcom Bracken Lee was ap pealed to by telegraph Friday and relief was but equip ment has not been able to get through up to Due to high winds it is feared that equipment will not be able to keep roads open when they do get There is a carload of lifesustain ing feed on the team and owners are unable to move trucks or tractor to unload it due to drifts inthe Tractors are helpless and horses cannot break the crusted Gaunt and bearded railroad maintainence men who have labored continuously night and day since before Christmas stag through the rolling snow keeping switches so trains can move Joe a rancher born and reared this valley states that he cannot remember a storm as severe as this PRICE FIVE CENTS RedsTimetable of Conquest Communist forces arrows in north China poised at captured threatened Tangku and Taku underlined 6n Peiping appears next big prize of Activity in south B has been generated by Nationalists evacuation of Pengpu Huaiyuan and Llnhwaikuan on the Hwai liver defense line before red pressure anrow which now perils Lin Piao He may have ended Chiang Kaishek Egypt Find Accord On One Point 16 and Egypt have reached agree ment on one of the most critical points of their armistice negotia a United Nations spokesman sand The agreement was attained on one of the four points listed under Item Two of the program for the being held here un der the supervision of Palestine mediator Ralph Refuse to Specify Though the spokesman refused to specify the exact point on which agreement was it was be lieved it might be that concerning Faluja pocket in southern where approximately 2000 Egyptian troops have been trapped by the Israelis since Tel Aviv dispatches had indi cated that the Israelis would agree to permit the Egyptians to leave the Tel Aviv reported also that Is rael was in contact with two addi tional Arab probably Transjordan and in the possibility of armistice negotia to be held after Egypt negotiations are completed Separate Contact This direct contact between Israel and two Arab countries is apart from the attempt Bunche is making to insure that the IsraelEgypt armistice talks will lead to peace for the entire Holy It was disclosed Sat urday that Bunche had approached Lebanon and Syria through a special and that Iraq probably would be ap on the possibility of armistice TEL 16 Israeli army Sunday released four of 15 villages it has been holding inside and Lebanese forces moved out of one village in northwestern The action came as a reliable source reported al ready discussing armistice terms with Lebanon and had be gun similar talks with Trans The not yet dis closed officially to the public are connected with peace talks which informants said started Sat urday night between Jewish and Lebanese representatives at a se cret meeting on the border be tween the two Chiang Army Halts Flight Near Nanking 16 nationalist troops abandoned their Pengpu outpost to the reda Sun retreating 78 miles to a thin lymanned line only 30 miles north of this Pengpu had been hopelessly out flanked for a but its aban donment without a fight was a sharp reflection of sagging ernment There was no in the Communists Jmd At the same the Commu nists were credibly reported to have set a deadline of less than threedays for surrender of Peip besieged metropolis There wers intimations that the Peiping command might yield to the The government military spokesman in Nanking confirmed the retreat from former railhead and anchor cf the Hwai river 12 miles and 18 miles also were reported aban The government headquarters had pulled back to 30 miles north of after Communists bypassed Peng pu in 50miIedeep penetrations on both Since that front has been and there were no new reports of fighting Sun Government troops of the Sixth army group and the 96th army were still entraining Sunday from points south of Pengpu in a rapid Reliable estimates new defense based on Chuhsien on the rim of the Yangtze river would be defended by only some 16 A deadline for the surrender of besieged Peiping has been set by Communist reliable These too well informed to be hinted that the dead line was some time before next They declined to be more The surrender of now in its 34th day of was re cently demanded by Lin commander of the red forces which have swept down from Bvit he did not then set a time Mayflower to Sail Again in So Set the Watch 16 dust off Plymouth Rock And set a watch for the Mayflower A new expedition of to sail to America in exact replica of the one in has been proposed in connection with the Festival of Britain in Strictly a publicity gag to dramatize BritishAmerican the stunt was suggested by a Southampton newspaper pub Usher and quick support from a naval who said it was very sound and feas Laurence South ship designer who has turned out smaller models of the said it wouldnt be any trouble at all to duplicate the 160ton vessel landed Pilgrims on the Massachu setts coast those three centuries Top Reds Go On Trial This Morning 402 Police to Guard New York Court To Avert Violence NEW 16 The politburo of the Amer ican Communistt party will go on trial at 10 The largest police detail ever ordered out for a trial in the metr ropolitan 402 policemen and will go on guard at the federal building at 8 Mon day and will remain on duty every day the trial is in In a confidential chief police August or dered the huge detail out to pre vent any It in cludes motorcycle emergency mounted po police detectives and patrol wagon Defiant The 12 men who boss the re ported Communists in this country issued a statement Sun day night terming the heresy trial but another chapter in the struggle of world democratic forces against desperate reaction We face the bar of history with utmost The Communist leaders were in dicted last July 20 on charges of advocating violent overthrow of the criminal offense under the Smith act of Maxi mum penalty on conviction is 10 years imprisonment and a 000 Prosecutions under the Smith act have occurred in lower fed eral courts three but its constitutionality has never been ruled upon by the supreme For editorial comment on trial read Gallico Page Column Issue Charges On the eve of their trial the 12 defendants charged that the lib erties of Americans are involved and that trial of a political not for acts but for a blow We shall prove in the court room and before public opinion that it is not the Communista who advocate force and violence but the men of the the war the labor the lynchers who practice and They compared their trial to the reichstag the Sacco Venzetti and Scottsboro trials and See Page Columns Parley to Draft Better Deal For Germans 16 resentatives of the United Britain and France meet here Monday to formulate the broad outlines of a future constitution for western Germany that will mean a more liberal occupation The leaders of the three delega tions will be Sir Ivone head of the German department of the foreign for Britain Ambassador Rene Massigli for France and Charge dAffaires Julius Holmes for the United The likely to last all of next will be based on the draft of an occupation statute for western Germany which has been worked out by the three western commandersin chief in recent Difficulties Remain Agreement was reached by the three commanders on most pas sages of the draft but a number of difficulties still are to be ironed out by the new London be held in the British foreign The main disagreements with which the London conference will have to one by are the following Displaced persons The French and Americans have wanted to occupation authori ties greater powers regarding than the British consider Occupation Costs Occupation costs France suggested that occupation colts should be borne by the German state to prevent the emergence of a too powerful central power in western Britain and the United States advocate that fed eral government should be respon sible for paying the occupation German consular representa tion AngloAmeri cans have suggested this but the French reject it as too Composition of the high court to decide on interpretation of the and the United States advocate the admission of neutral and German judges into the court in addition to American and French Injury In African Riots Mount South 16 and rifle fire crackled Sunday in South Africas spreading Bloody fighting between Zulu and Indian inhabitants seemed waning in where it started but spread like an ugly rash into neighboring towns and rural Therewere esti ofthe The Dur ban police Saturday said about 100 had been killed 1000 in juredtrin Durban Senators Say Errors Cost Dantel Malan His govern ment blamed for race would run mates said 500 were Many cases were 1 of Indian women raped and mutilated by Indians were in furiated by for Zulu King Cyprian called on his people to stop the killing and re turn to their Chanting their ancient battle they have been oh an orgy of loot and rape for three terrifying The police said 251000 In dians havebeen driven homes and the fate of hun dreds of them is The rioting started after a native boy was injured in a fight with an Indian Troops Open Fire Reinforced striving to stem the spread of opened fire with light machineguns and rifles Sunday at the town of New about 15 miles from killing four African The white population at Pine 17 miles from was barricaded in homes Telephone reports a seri ous situation Zulu warriors cut telephone lines to the town and there was no further Trouble also spread to Pieter Natals during NEW 16 rioting between Zulus and Indian inhabitants in the Union of South Africa has criticism here of Prime Minister Daniel Malans Nationalist A government official described the riots as the inevitable result of racial hatred that hasbeen created particularly by tne pres ent South African Charge Ships Sold as Surplus Contained Valuable Lead 16 a typists error and general inefficiency caused the government to give away close to half a million dollars worth of lead ballast hidden aboard 61 surplus senate investigators reported They said the maritime which sold the didnt even know the lead was stowed away in the Due to a lack of businesslike they the value of the lead SolonsPonder Plan to Ann West Europe 16 Wary lawmakers raised serious questions for the first time Sun day ahead of Trumans ex pected request for funds to rearm western For one thing they wonder if Russia would use it as an excuse for Homer Capehart who recently called the bi partisan foreign policy told a reporter he and others are going to look over very carefully any proposal to furnish war equip ment to foreign Must Know More have to know a lot more about what is planned before we can make our minds how to the Indiana senator For it occurs to me wefurnish arms to western European it certainly is going to be regarded as an un friendly act by Russia might or might use itas provo cation for is something tovthjnlf said they want position yet voiced doubts that the probable at about to begin Trtll in The fear of Communist infiltra into armies and governments of the western nations also is a factor in the thinking of this group must be considered L loss to the government unless suc cessful legal steps are taken to recover The case of the hidden ballast was one of several examples of government inefficiency cited in the final report of the GOP cohtrolled super investigating subcommittee of the senate execu tive expenditures committee in the SOth It has now passed to Democratic Commissions Request The report said the justice de at the maritime com missions is looking into one of the ship sales to sec if there is any chance of recovering the value of the This was thesale of the surplus steamship Leonard Wood for 000 to Consolidated of a Henry Kaiser The vessel was sold in for When the concern began to dis mantle the it found more than 650 tons of pig lead in the double bottom fuel The committee said the company sold the lead for The committee looked Into the and found that the lead had in the ship by the navy during the war to give it greater stability as an attack action was lodged in the shins of Holding Their Fire Just now these senators are hold ing their fire to see the final form of the proposed north Atlantic se pact the Canada and a nonCommunist Eu ropean A lot of steam taken out of potential opposition to this pro posed treaty when Robert TAft came out with a gen eral indorsement ofthe idea Taft told a reporter he thinks it probably would be all right for this country to agree with the western European bloc on the same basis with which it cooper ates with Latin American coun In this is that an attack on one shall be considered an at tack But each country re serves to itself the right to decide what it will do about such an at To Avoid Opposition Arthur Vandenberg chief Republican backer of the foreign is known to have urged administra tion leaders to stick to the general formof the Latin American agree ment to avoid possible serious op position in This view is likely to be com municated quickly to Dean Ache the prospective new secretary of It remains to be seen whether Acheson will follow the course set by his George in directing that negotiations follow that Lost or Misplaced But some time betweenthen and thesale of the the records lead which were supposed to le kept ships or mis B It com officials claimed they know the lead was eyeji though they inspected the The typists error occurred in the case of the Joseph another surplus ship which the navy told the maritime commis sion contained tons of lead See Page Column RESULT OF DEADLOCK Compromise Move Looms In Battle Over Tidelands 18 A possible deadlock up In congress brought talk Sunday of a compromise the multibillion dollar battleover ownership of the nations oilladen The issue is whether the sub merged their untoldwealth belong tothe states or the federal Harry S Truman in his stateoftheunion message to con gress renewed his insistence that ownership mustremain vested in the federal He called for a program for the planned use the reserves he has served notice he will veto as hi a bill quitclaimthe land to the The possible deadlock stirring talk of compromise shapes up this way Supporters of thestates claims say probably caiS Jriuster a majority in congress for legisla tion to give title to the some are doubtful of being able to get the twothirds majority necessary to override a threatened presidential On other they are convinced they can block passage of a pending bill to clear up ques tion about the federal govern ments title to the This bill was Introduced by Chairman Ernanuel Celler of the house judiciary com While giving the federal government title to the offshore it would relinquish federal claims to rivers or other navigable waters within state William Knowland hai a bill to give th8tates title to the Other bills sUted intro Taft Demands Billion Budget Slash 18 Robert Taft of one of the top Republican spokesmen in Sunday night called for a cut Harry S Trumans spending program for fiscal The of the powerful senate GOP policy com also came out flatly against any tax He said to boost taxes now would be to kill the goose that lays the golden He appeared on a radio debate here WINX with Joseph OMahoney Alex ander Smith and Paul Douglas Raise Held Inevitable Smith agreed with Taft that the budget could be cut and that tax hikes could be But OMahoney and Douglas termed the budget Douglas said that even if some in squeezed a tax Increase ap pears Tafts call for a cut in the budget is the biggest such slash yet proposed by a lead member of John Taber Republican on the house approp riations has said that maybe more could be Taft accused the administration of inaccuracy in predicting1 the governments Income in the and estimated there would be a surplus next July 1 instead of the deficit Truman predicted in Km budget message to Tmft Urges Out If we can cut about from the budget there will be no need for new taxes and there will be a he I think it can and should be Taft did not go into detail about how he thinks the cuts could be made But he suggested chopping out some of the defense in cluding for universal mili tary training which he termed He said that the program of con structing new military could be cut for the and it might be possible to postpone an increase of in spend ing for stockpiling of strategic ma 4 ;