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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, January 11, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - January 11, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS Intennonntoin Network Station HALL Monday Thnratb Friday 89 WEATHER Partly cloudy to cloudy snow south and Details on Page 14 SALT LAKE TUESDAY JANUARY 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Justice Leads House Members in Takin Official Oath Lees Message To Back Up Vote Pledges Most of Bracken Lees first message to the Utah Legis lature Tuesday morning will con sist of recommendations in line with the pledges he made tothe electorate during the it was reported unofficially Keynote of the message will be the need for businesslike admin istration and economy in govern a subject he emphasized throughout the He will offer a number of specific legis lative but they will be more In the nature of recommenda tions from one independent branch of the government to another in dependent rather than a blueprint of what the chief execu tive thinks legislature should do during the Propose Reorganization He in all probability will pro pose reorganization of some de partments of thestate govern Elimination of the present three member road commission for a sevenmember supervisory board and an Elimination of the publicity and Industrial development commis with some other provision for taking care of that departments publicity and advertising func Division of Duties Separation the insurance commissioner from the public serv ice He may make other specific re organization but in any event will invite the legisla ture to explore the If his message follows the pat tern of his and asso See Page Column 2 Harmony Marks Officer Vote As Utah Legislature Begins an interparty harmony al most as the first its opening the 28th state legislature Monday elected its officers and adjourned to await Bracken Lees address Tuesday at 10 The election of House Speaker McPolin Summit and Senate President Alonzo Hop kin designated for offices at a Democratic caucus went off without a Minority House Leader Clifton Kerr Box Elder and Senate Minority Leader Mitchell Moab moved to make the election unanimous in their re spective Pledges Impartiality After being sworn in by Su preme Court Justice Lester Speaker McPolin promised the 19 Republican house members that his rulings would not be par tial to the 41 Democratic repre sentatives and pledged a fair rep resentation on the standing com Senate President Hopkin made similar pledges in the more evenly divided senate where 12 Democrats hold a onevote edge over their Re publican Only indication of the political division in the and what it may mean in the appointment of the standing came when Speaker McPolin appointed the house patronage Committee Named This which employs legislative aids and recommends their wage was given a mem bership of seven Democrats and two The need for a legislature with a nonpartisan approach to the states problems was emphasized Capture of Tientsin Imminent As Reds Break Defenses 10 UP Communist troops breached the inner defenses of Tientsin today telephoned reports from the beleaguered city of said it was likely to fall at any Seventy Americans iri most of them businessmen who refused ordered to move into the Leopold the citys largest structure which houses the American There they were awaiting what ap peared to be inevitable capture by the Red The front of the building was painted with American About 120 British and 50 French nationals were holed up in houses inside the abandoning their luxurious mansions in the vicinity of the race course which is now a target of Communist Their were decorated with national Red troops swarmed across the dike protecting and cap tured North So sure were the Communists of early success the refused to see a four man city cotmcil truce commission which sought a cease The trucev mission went to the Red lines in an independent peace maneuver but the Red commanders would neither see nor talk with Red and nationalist guns continued their sporadic Communist shells land ing in the vicinity water station near the railroad and a but as far as a limited survey could tell there hasbeen little The nationalist defenses ap peared concentrated in the race course road region southwest of the city where the airfield is lo Nearly all of the streets are sandbagged and heavily pa trolled and it is most difficult to move from one part of the city to Curfew regulations were being rigidly The Chinese inhabitants were panicky and minor lootingbroke Prices for food and fuel shot high while prices for luxuries which might be captured plum f in the senate during In matting the motion for a unanimous vote for the Republican senate praised the presiding offi cer for fairness to the minority party two years Offers Cooperation We are proud of the he that the governor is amerii ber of our party and we sincerely offer to cooperate with the men on the other side of the Hopkin expressed grati tude to his Democratic and Re publican adding that Freeze Perils Power Flow In Northwest 10 UP The Pacific northwests vast power system hovered on the brink of collapse Monday Power failures throughout the or in any parts of it could occur without a utility spokesman as the northwest power pool approached the break ing point in its generating ca Consumers were urged to cut use of electricity not only from the to peak but throughout the Streams Frozen Marshall supervisor of systems operations for the Wash ington Water Power said the power crisis would continue as long as the flow of water dwin dles in northwest Pro longed cold weather has frozen the The reduced stream flow cuts down the power making capacity of Blair said surplus power areas such as Southern Montana and possibly eastern Washington might survive the shock even if power failed in western Washington and But engineers couldnt be sure just what would happen if the inter connected power he said system broke Fear Break Down Normally we could isolate an area in he But in this situation develop ing between all generators in the northwest would make the syn chronizing force between them Each might go wildly on its own way and transmission facilities would break The roundtheclock power crisis was a Consum ers have been asked for weeks to curb power use in peak the power sup ply dipped almost to the breaking point during the The breaking point in the systems capacity was a matter of some The power pool survived what was thought to be a danger zone last but Blair said the system was somewhere near its placed shim in position where he could work for the state and push partisanship into the A similar attitude was expressed by Grant a former president of the senate and now Democratic state Macfarlane expressed the belief that state government needed co operation as never before and said that leaders of his party had no desire to make session a partisan Bennlon Opens Session of State Heber Bennion called the session to order and invocation was offered by Arthur retired Kpis copal bishop of The newly elected and reelected senators were sworn in by Justice George Latimcr of the supreme after which Hopkin was placed in nomination for the pres idency by Francis Fowles After his election by unanimous the usual committees on no tification and rules were appointed and Taylor Brockbank Salt chairman of the patronage submitted a partial list of employes and they were sworn A few places were saved for the minority Republi cans to Slate Joint Session On motion of Orrice Mc Shane the senate voted to meet in joint session with the house at a future date to hear a report of the legislative council from Chairman Rendell Hopkin asked all senators to submit a list of committee pref indicating that he would follow their wishes as nearly as possible in making up the stand ing The operating under sus See Page Column 3 Five Rail Unions Ponder Strike In Utahns Behalf SAN 10 railroad unions Mon day started to a vote on whether to strike against the Western Pacific vice president of the Brotherhood of Railroad said action taken because of a backpay grievance involving a Salt Lake City He said the strike vote was being taken by his the Brotherhood of Locomotive En the Brotherhood of Lo comotive Firemen and Erigirie the Order of Railway Con ductors and the Switchmens Union of North Fern said the grievance came over the companys refusal to rehire Hugh a brake man who was in thus depriving Edwards of about in back The strike would tie up West ern Pacifics operations between here and yt Lake Truman Asks Billion For Next Fiscal Year Attempts To Buffer Israel Crisis Asks British to View Downing of Planes As Just Regrettable 10 UP United States exerted new pressure Monday to pre vent armed conflict between Britain and Israel in The American sec ond in 10 in a state department statement urging them to treat the shooting down of five RAF planes by Israeli forces as a regrettable incident Immediate results of the peacemaking effort awaited clar ification 1 In British diplomats said Britain will continue massing military forces within easy reach of but will make no protest to the United Bevin Reviews Problem The whole problem of Brit ains huge interests in the middle east were carefully reviewed by Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin at a meeting of key British cabinet members and defense In Tel Israel was re ported planning to accuse Britain before the United Nations of vio lating the Palestine Israeli authorities were said to be pre paring charges that Britain lias been making largescale arm ship ments to her At Lake Trygve Lie was engaged in other behindthescenes efforts to ease the A United Na tions spokesman said Lie talked over the gravity of the situation with a member of the delega An Israeli representative called British troop movements a repudiation of resolutioris calling for a Israelis Quit Egypt Dispatches from Tel Aviv quoted a Jewish military spokesman as saying there are no longer any Israeli troops within Egyptian The spokesman said Israeli troops who penetrated two miles inside the Egyptian border were withdrawn Sunday Truman Taxation Elevator Goes Nowhere But Up 10 UP Harry S Truman has his taxes and the cost of collecting them are both go ing His budget message called for a increase in taxes to some during the 1950 fiscal It also proposed a increase to in ap propriations for the bureau of internal revenue which handles collections of federal Truman said he planned to add 7000 persons to the bu reaus enforcement staff to ful fill the governments obliga tion to its taxpayers to collect all taxes legally Foreign Policy Rides Sails Smoothly 10 The nations bipartisan foreign pol icy appeared headed for smoother sailing Monday after a brief but angry squall in the Two developments pointed in that direction Harry S Truman dis cussed the international situation with John Foster Repub lican foreign policy in a 30minute talk at the White Arthur Vandenberg was reported urging his GOP colleagues not to make an allout fight against the presidents nomination of Dean Acheson as secretary of Bipartisan cooperation appeared to be in danger last week when the cashing in on their election took over control Senate Demo trals promptly alloted themselves an 8to5 margin in makeup of the relations Republicans howled say ing when they were in power they took only seven seats and gave the six to the Wayne Morse called the Democratic move a shocking repudiation of a biparti san foreign Supreme Court Refuses to Halt Trial of 12 Top Communists 10 The supreme court refused Mon day to halt the impending trial of 12 top Communist party officials on charges of conspiring to advo cate overthrow of the The 12 men are members of the national committee of the Com munist party of the United They face trial beginning in New York federal court next They asked the high court last Friday to step in and cancel their indictments because they declared they are to be tried before a ver itable conviction They charged also that Judge Harold assigned to is biased and prejudiced against Dismissed Sans Comment The supreme acting only three days after the appeal was dismissed both contentions without comment in its routine or The party in addition to asking that their indictments be voided and the trial sought to have the jury panel thrown out because they said manual the Negroes and members of lowincome groups were deliberately This was in effect an attack on New Yorks blue ribbon jury which the supreme court upheld in a 54 decision handed down June The party officials said this selection system resulted in a grand jury and a trial jury panel which are the organ of a particu lar group or the the propertied and the and do not represent an impartial cross section of the Argue Unfair System No such jury selection system can qualify in the minds of dis interested and democratic persons as a fair system of dispensing or as a system in which justice can be obtained at their brief The supreme court handed down no opinions Its only ac tions were orders agreeing or de clining to review In other the court 1 Declined to consider an at tack on validity of a section of the TaftHartley act which frees employers from legal obligation to bargain collectively with The refusal has the effect of up holding the action of the cir cuit court at Cincinnati which held that congress intended that employers be free in the future to interfere with their fore mens union 2 Dismissed an appeal attack ing validity of Tennessees anti closed shop The dismissal was requested by an A F L Teamsters union local following last weeks supreme court action upholding similar laws in Nebraska and North Charged With Conspiracy One of the indictments against the Communist party officials charges them with conspiracy to organize the an organiza tion allegedly advocating over throw of the government by force and Other indictments charged the individuals with being members of the All were returned by a special grand jury last July All the men have pleaded BustFilibusters Try Sparked By Barkley 10 UP administration moved Monday to tighten up rules bv which senate filibusters can be shut presumably as a pre lude to seeking passage of civil rights Republican leaders promptly promised their Alben Barkley of Ken serving as Democratic floor leader until he is sworn in as vice president an nounced he has urged the rules committee to approve as soon as possible an antifilibuster pro Any such measure coming to the floor would touch off a bitter and prolonged Southerners in the past have always used their privilege of nonstop debate to defeat rights Allocates 50 to Block Tide of Communism 10 Harry S Truman told congress Monday it will take at least to run the government right next of it to hold back the Com munist Republicans immediately demanded deep slashes and party lines quickly formed for the big tests Trumans budget covering the 1950 fiscal year beginning next July 1 is peacetimes larger than this For the cold war with Russia he asked the most powerful military forces the country has ever had outside a war funds to bolster allied nai tions against the red Truman served notice he will ask more funds later to supply arms to nonCommunist a step which will push the budget even Asks Billion Hike All told Truman asked for a tax increase of nearly First he reiterated his recent request for a 000 mostly on corpora Then he asked nearly in social security to finance new and old He did not give an inch in his demands for the vast social and economic program he demanded in his state of the union message such as better more social security On the defense Tru man stressed the importance of air but frowned on the idea of a 70grqup air which has been heavily backed in con gress and by the air Truman said that number and size of rather than num ber of groups is a better gauge of an air force Even Greater Costs Truman said the prospects for the 1951 fiscal year are for even greater governmental He mentioned national defense and world The president outlined the gov ernments financial prospects to a congress which had grasped at advance reports the budget would hit a new peacetime And it did just It is over the previous spending record set this It is bigger than the governments prospective income of in the year It figures out to apiece for every Europe Arms Request Yet it doesnt even take into account plans for providing mili tary supplies for western Europe and certain other unnamed Truman said he would ask for money for thai He that It must be recognized that ex penditures in the fiscal year 1951 are likely to be larger than those for Expenditures for na tional defense can be expected to rise substantially above the level estimated for We cannot expect any material decline in our international re even higher expeditures will probably be required in future Billion Tax Boost So for the third time in a week he hammered hard for 000 more a year in He said last Wednesday most of it should come from corporations and people in the middle and higher income In a period of high prosper he it is not sound pub lic policy for the government to operate at a he it is vitally important that the have a surplus now for unex pected paying off the enormous easing inflationary pressure and providing a sound financial footing for the Sees 50 Collections the government might not collect much more than half the in the coming Truman figures the higher taxes might not go into effect until next July 1 and that there would be the normal lag in He suggested an additional in pay roll on business and to finance his program of new or bigger so cial security For one he he wants the present rate on workers and their employers boosted to i each next July That is six months ahead of the schedule con gress Social Security Coverage By the same date he wants nearly all the gain fully employed persons not now covered brought into the old age insurance They would pay He wants insurance for people temporarily or permanently dis apparently with those cov ered chipping in on the And he wants a higher ceiling Column PARTIES PART Budget Stirs Sharp Split In Congress 10 UP of both parties agreed Monday that Harry S Trumans budget message asked for a lot But there the parties Republicans said it was too reckless Democrats said it was the least the nation could spend in times like practical Here are some representative comments Senate Republican Leader Ken neth Wherry of Nebraska The president has delivered a fiscal program which is dangerously in It is designed to have some appeal to about everybody except the It is a reck less Forecasts Cooperation Senate Democratic Leader Al ben Barkley of Kentucky I think the president has done the best he could to expenses of the He no doubt will have the cooperation of Taber ofthe house appropria tions committee in the 80th con gress Wow He has boosted the budget out ot sight Well have to go over it and try to civi lize bring it down to Clarence chairman of the house appropria tions committee in the 81st con gress It is the most practical budget that could be presented at this Billions In Red Charles HaUeck GOP floor leader in the house The government will be millions of dollars in the red if Trumans program is enacted to any considerable Senate pro tern Kenneth McKellar of Tennessee Im sure the president has tried to cut it down as much as but still a large We will study it Harry Byrd No new taxes should be imposed until every possible effort has been made to eliminate nonessen tiai WHOS PROUD Dollars Still a DoUar 10 tan By taking in peddling ice and turning in empty contain the hopes to get some of the its going to take to run Itselt next The presidents sent up to congress tells all ajout The government figures on col lecting in idiidry and dry cleaning from the sale of and In refunds on empty It counts on selling worth of dairy The sonal effects of deserters and en isted men are expected to bring n a cool Commissions on pay telephones in government buildings totaled last and the audget bureau wearily estimates that similar yacketyyack will yield in fiscal not counting nickels found on the Testing tea ought to bring in Truman Homesteaders hogs and other livestock are going to trespass an estimated worth on national forests and Unclaimed odd pennies in employes payroll allot ment accounts for war saving Your government Is figuring on selling steam and rent ing out tank movie films and and doing a little fumi and disinfecting when it cts around to it all ;