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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, February 28, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 28, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intermountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Partly cloudy north showers south Details on Page 14 VOL 158 NO 137 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH MONDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 28 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Police Kill Slayer In Wild Duel Blazing Gun Battle Wounds Officer At Phoenix Court PHOENIX Arizr Feb 27 Ray Gilbert the 28yearold slayer of a Needles Cal trio made good his boast that he would not be taken alive when he was killed Sun day night in a hail of bullets a few hours after his accomplice George Schmid was captured without resistance near his mothers home here Ed Langevin 28 Phoenix city detective was injured in the brief but heated gunfire exchange He was reported in fair condition on arrival at St Monicas hospital Hit ThreeTimes The gun battle began when Gil bert was cornered in a oneroom cabin in the Red Wing auto court in southwest Phoenix A cordon of 15 police and sher iffs officers was thrown around the small cabin Gilbert was driven from the cabin attic by tear gas He came out of the building in the nude with a 38 automatic pistol blazing His first shots hit Langevin As he opened fire so did offi cers with their automatic rifles and shotguns One officer said the man who boasted that he would take two or three guys along With me was literally blasted to pieces Across the Door He fell dead across the cabin door still clutching his gun His face was a bloody pulp his left leg nearly severed from his body and his chest caved in by a half dozen shotgun blasts Gilberts accomplice George Bchmid 21 was captured witlsout resistance early Sunday in the northeast section of Phoenix after walking more than 40 miles from his hideout in the Superstition mountains east of Phoenix Deputy County Atty Tony Jones said Schmid admitted joining Gil bert his prison cellmate on a foray in which a Phoenix woman was kidnapped the three Cali forniahs were slain and a Phoenix station was held up Those Shot Down Cold bloodedly shot down were Ernest Winsted 21 Needles city employe his wife Frances 22 and their neighbor Willis Pugh 10 Gilbert did the shooting I didnt fire a shot Schmid told Jones I Schmid was seized on the bank of an irrigation canali five blocks from his mothers home Gilbert was located shortly be fore 10 pm M S T when the Red Wing court operator phoned police that a man answering the callous killers description had registered there under the name of Pollock A flying squad of sheriffs and police officers were immediately despatched Encircle Cabin They encircled the cabin Dep uty Sheriff Ray Robson then ap proached the cabin knocked on a side door and ordered Gilbert to eurrenotor His answer was a blast of fire from his 380automatic through the ventilator of the attic City police then moved in on the cabin from all sides and Robson broke In the paperthin door As Robson crashed through the door Gilbert fired over his shoul der from the attic Robson opened fire with a 351automatic rifle and winged the slayer Gilbert jumped from the attic rushed past Robson through the front door of the cabin and was met by a simultaneous gun fire from the approaching officers Edison Strike Called Off NEW YORK Feb 27 threat of a 28000man utility a C I O union said would have made a dead city of New canceled Sunday night The threatened walkout againsi the hugeConsolidated Edison Co one of the worlds biggest utilities was called off at the end of a fourhour bargaining session Officials of the firm and the union the CIO utility workers stood by as acting Mayor Vincent Impellitteri announced There will be no strike The walkout had been threat ened for midnight Tuesday The agreement must be rati fied by the union membership The Edison Co supplies elec tricity and gas to all parts of New York City and suburban West Chester county The company said it would have been able to operate but the union claimed a walkout would have shut off lights gas elevator serv ice and some steam heat along with power for certain subway lines and all major railroads com ing into the city Belgian Police Arrest 60 Hecklers Tydings Warns South Set For Filibuster Death Took a Holiday Deep in Wisconsin Mine Shaft While smoke from the derrick house above swirls amid charred tim bers at a Uenton Wis mine three miners who were trapped 162 feet Trapped Miners Safe After Nights Ordeal underground are brought to safety early Sunday morning Fourteen miners ispent a harrowing night in the lead and zinc mine shaft BENTON Wis Feb 27 UP Fourteen shivering miners were hauled to safety early Sunday from the bottom of alead mine shaft where they spent a harrowing night with a raging fire overhead They were unhurt but reported the night cold in the shaft was intense They huddled against mules stabled in an underground barn for warmth The men were trapped 168 ft beneath the surface of the Kittoe Co lead and zincrhine about pm Saturday night when fire broke out in a derrick structure directly over the shaft The fire wrecked hoistirig ma chinery of the shaft preventing Mock ABomb Hit Cripples Carrier FDR ABOARD THE U S S POCONO OFF PUEJRTO RICO Feb 27 huge aircraft carrier Franklin D Roosevelt was ruled knocked out of action temporarily and an escorting destroyer was declared sunk by a mock atomic bomb explosion Sunday in the navys biggest peacetime war games A few other ships of the task force of three carriers and eight destroyers put under simulated Abomb attack suffered minor damage but continued in action Air Force Shuns Bid Minus the assistance of the U S air force which turned down an invitation to take part the navy used a twoengine land based P2V Neptune bomber to simulated atomic P Blandy corn their escape and falling timbers and other debris blocked the air shaft and knocked out water pumps Sheriff Homer Curry said that fortunately a great steel plate fell with the derrick over the shaft preventing the flaming timbers from dropping on the men below The real peril of the trapped men vas front lack of fresh air and eepage water In the shaft Nearby Towns Fire departments and inhalator 5quads from Benton and nearby owns sped to the scene while Aives of the trapped men gath ered at the mouth of shaft veeping in anxiety Mine employes quickly cleared he air shaft and began pumping fresh air to the men and the water pumps were restored to op ration This erased most of the rlanger to the men Mine Foreman John Banfield one of the trapped said some of he men were hysterical at first but calmed down and were very coal affer that Banfield said the men retreated nto a drift tunnel off the shaft and huddled against the mules to keep carry out the bomb attack Adm W H mander of the Atlantic fleet who was in charge of the Bikini atom bomb tests in 1946 described Sun days simulated attack as very successful but not a catastrophe Blandy said he thought it showed that a carrier task force could not be stopped from con tinuing is attacks by the ex plosion one atomic bomb if it is on its toes Simulates ABomb Attack Blandy said a flare dropped by the P2V to simulate the Aboml lighted up to signify the explosion several hundred feet above and about 1500 yards to the rear o the FDR The Abomb plane along with two others of the same type and an escort of four P7F twoengine Tigercraf t fighters sneaker1 through the carrier task force defenses and dropped the mock explosive from 21000 feet at pm local time The carriers combat air patro had been called down to 6000 fee five minutes earlier to intercept flight of four fourengine privatee bombers carrying bat guided missiles Vice Adm D B Duncan com mander of the carrier task force in a disjfatch Blandy blamed the failure to intercept the Abomb attack on a combination of indif ferent radar performance in not detecting igroup at greater range and insufficient number oil fight ers assigned to combat air patrol because of other heavy commit ments for air support Lonely Finds Hes Not Quite That Lonely LONDON Feb 27 41yearold lonely bachelor who recently wrote to the Tot tenham registrars office for help in finding a wife has closed his home in Clacton and into hiding town officials reported Sunday They said the man who wanted to marry a war widow with children had been deluged with 4000 letters from women and almost as many from chil dren who wrote Please marry my murnmy As fair as they knew officials said the man still was single but presumably not as lonely as he had thought BUILDING RITES warm Tow Truck The fire was put out at am and an automobile tow truck was sacked up to the shaft and a big bucket attached to its cable The men were brought up two and hree at a time in the bucket Ban field was the last one out at am The miners were on the night shift and were about ready to eave work when Hoistman Homer Tackberry spotted the fire in the 65ft derrick It spread quickly over the structure and through buildings housing machinery and he was unable to raise the men below Ben Rolings general manager of the mine estimated damage at between and He said the cause of the blaze was not determined and it was expected state fire officials would inves tigate Monday Atom Featured In New Role NEW YORK Feb 27 UP Atomic energy will be used Mon day in helping lay the cornerstone for a new 19story building The structure to be known as the CrowellCollier Publishing Co building is being raised on the site of the famous old Vanderbilt mansion at 51st st and 5th ave near Rockefeller center The CrowellCollier Co said that before the atomsmashing begins the twoton granite cornerstone will be suspended one foot above its ultimate resting spotby a chain hoist atop which will be a motor Stretching between the stone and the motor will be a fourinch ribbon to which will be attached a magnesium flare By use of a miniature atomic pile a reactor an amplifier and two relays one attached to the motor and the other to the flare sufficient atomic energy will be produced to ignite the flare and cut the ribbon while simultaneous ly starting the motor Then the stone will gradually lower into its proper position with out being guided or touched by human hand North Nations Swing West Diplomats Say OSLO Norway Feb 27 High diplomatic sources predic that all Scandinavia including traditionally neutral Swede n probably join the proposed North Atlantic defense pact within sixH months Norway already has prepared t cast her lot with the west Den marks principal political party the Social Democrats only tbda called on that country to face wes in the quest for military security Private Acknowledgement High officials of Sweden kej nation of the north acknowledg privately their country canno hope to keep its delicate balanc between the eastern and western power blocs much longer They be lieve isolation fast is becoming im possible and Swedens sympathy lies with the west Western Europe will probably find out this week how much aid in rearming can be expected from the United States during the first year of the proposed treaty Re sponsible officials iiaid in Wash ington present indications are that the Europeans wont get as much as they are asking but will be as sured of prompt and fairly sub stantial American help in building up their armed forces Less Than Billion It is estimated they may receive between and 000000 largely out of surplus stocks of arms already available A source close to Swedens gov ernment speculated privately that Sweden will join the North Atlan tic alliance by autumn or sooner if the Russians make any move toward Finland Swedish Prime Minister Tage Erlander said his countrys offer to back Scandina vian neighbors in their own strict lyneutral mutual defense alliance still is open but that it could not succeed unless Norway joined He said he felt it beat for Sweden to adopt a wait and see policy in international affairs forthe next five or six months WASHINGTON Feb 27 Southern senators will throw themselves into a filibuster Mon day determined to use it as a club to kill Pres Harry S Tru nans whole civil rights program Sen Millard Tydings D Md said Sunday0 If they can forceit aside they can kill it Tydings reasoned The filibuster will start when a motion is made to take up a pro posal to change the senate rules jo filibusters can be prevented by limiting debate The southerners will argue the motion itself Civil Bights Maneuver They say the rules change is a maneuver to help put across the civil rights program The filibus ter their weapon to defeat the program And they are prepared to filibuster as long as human en durance permits in order to hold on to the present unlimited right of debate Inevitably the blistering hot civil rights controversy itself will get into the filibuster This could plunge the senate prematurely into an allout furious fight over the presidents racial legislation Tydings while not stating his own attitude discussed the situa tion in a radio broadcast WBAL There was no indica tion that he would take part in the talk marathon Proposed Clianges The proposal to change the rules he said is made by the proponents of the civil rights pro gram to permit them to end de bate and bring the program to an immediate vote Under the pro posed rules change debate on any subject could be halted by a two thirds vote While the civil rights program consists primarily of an anti lynching bill an antipoll tax bill antisegregation and the fair em ployment practices bill Tydings said the greatest opposition is focused on the latter This would seek to prevent discrimination in employment as between races or creeds Use Guns Clubs to Smash Organized Red Outburst i BRUSSELS Belgium Feb 27 armed Belgian police Sunday arrested at least 60 Communists including six members of the national assembly during an organized Com munist attempt to halt an outdoor speech by Winston Churchill The former British prime minister bareheaded and doggedly determined continued speaking during the disturbance but he was forced to stop three tunesbecause of Communist hecklers Police and gendarmes armed with tommyguns pistols and truncheons closed in on the boo ing hissing Communists and hustled them off to jail Some 800 police and 300 gendarmes were on hand Extraordinary precautions had been taken against just such Winston Churchill Faces cut in Conservative policy role Tory EXPERIMENTS IN UTAH Report Due on Atom Caves WASHINGTON Feb 27 armys engineers next month will obtain the first complete report on how much it will cost to dig in underground to escape atomic bombs robot missiles and other new weapons it was reported Sunday Also starting in July the army engineers will carry out a series of underground explosive tests in Utah including a 320000 ppund TNT blast to determine how far to dig arid how strong to make the subterranean structures The scientific facts about underground protection in the atomic age which may involve a return to the caves will indicate whether the United States can go under ground as a safeguard against a future wars destruction military officials said The army after World War II directed its corps of engineers to study protective con struction as a safeguard against air attack including guided missiles The program con sisted of two major approaches 1 An engineering study started in 1947 by Guy B Panero internationally famous New York engineer whose report on the building costs of underground plants is now being completed 2 Underground explosive tests begun last summer and haltedlast Petober after a 3000000dollar allotment was exhausted which will be resumed July 1 An underground site survey by the army has disclosed that several hundred million square feet of useful underground space are available in gypsum copper lead zinc limestone marble salt and sandstone mines in more than 24 states The underground explosive tests to be conducted at the Dugway proving grounds near Salt Lake City Utah near Castle Dale Utah and Grand Junction Colo will involve four different weights of pounds 2560 pounds 40000 pounds and 320000 pounds The heaviest charge is said to be equal to onefifth of the rated power of the atomic bomb used in Japan The bomb was described as haVing the destructive power of 22000 ions of TNT Fast Conviction Seen for 15 Bulgar Clerics SOFIA Bulgaria Feb 27 UP government spokesman Sun day predicted speedy conviction of the 15 leading Bulgarian protes ant churchmen on trial for their ives charged with espionage treason and black marketing The trial he predicted will be concluded a week from Wednes day at the latest with the sentenc ing of the defendants by the three man trial court All defendants face a possible death penalty for espionage It is not known whether the prosecu tion will demand the death pen alty however and even if it does the court may consider any ex circumstances even if It formally imposes the extreme penalty Called For Confessions At the start of the trial the court enjoined the defendants to confess fully and frankly in or der to gain clemency The first three who testified Friday and Saturday did so It is indicated that the rest will do likewise and therefore it is be lieved unlikely that the death pen alty will be invoked The 12 remaining defendants will start their testimony Monday Georgi Nicoloy Chernev head of the Pentecostal churches of Bul garia and last of the leading de fendants will be called when court opens at am Monday am E S Gives Long Statement Chernevs pre trial confession as made public by the prosecution ran 246 pages long The remaining defendants probably will testify much more briefly and the gov ernment hopes to start calling the approximately 83 witnesses late Tuesday or early Wednesday There are 53 witnesses for the prosecution and about 30 for the defense In his written confession as pub lished by the government Chernev said that in the fall of 1945 he lected information about the Rus sian army and fields and troop movements and turned it over to Codefendant Nikola Mihailov Naumov who was the first de fendant to testify Chernev said that in 1947 he gave Yanko Nicolov Ivanov the second codefendant to testify in formation about the port of Bur gas on the Black Sea the Yambol garrison and other military units for relay to Americans Leaders Ouster Of Churchill Eye LONDON Feb 27 Britains worried Some of conservative an outburst Talk Stirs Turmoil Churchill and Belgian Premier PaulHenri Spaak addressed the crowd of 15000 in the Place De La Bourse on behalf of the Euro pean movement a crusade for European unity launched by Churchill and other political lead ers in 1946 When Churchill and Spaak ar rived in front of the stock ex change they were greeted by a trumpet flourish from a Belgian army band and a shower of Com munist leaflets bearing such slo gans as They want war Churchill said that the Euro pean movement is the sole means of preventing another hideous war and the only way to insure that the broad shield of liberty and love can be spread over the working masses the little people and the big Shouts Dirty German Dirty German one Commu nist heckler shouted Down with war said another I feel you are taking a course of great significance to Europe and for peace and the safety of Belgium declared Churchill in English In the past 30 years I have often been associated with the fortunes and fate of Belgium and know well the strength vigor and vitality of the Belgian peo ple leaders are talking privately about easing Winston Churchill out of his role as the partys prime policy maker The conservative defeat this week in the crucial south Ham mersmith commons byelection was a hard blow to party leaders In backstage post mortems in siders say theres a rising demand for a drastic shakeup in conserva tive campaign strategy before next years general elections Tory tactics in 31 byelections special elections to fill commons vacancies have failed to win a single district carried by labor in 1945 Blunder Cost Churchills threat to seek a vote of censure against the labor gov ernment over soaring costs of the popular national health service was described by many as a preelec tion blunder that Hammersmith Second guessing lost votes in conservatives also have criticized Churchill for his campaign speeches in Ham departure from his usual practice of remaining aloof from byelections Some claimed his slashing attack on the labor government failed to outline con structive counterproposals Still No 1 Figure Wartime idol and present con servative leader in the commons the 75yearold Churchill still is the partys unchallenged No 1 fig ure t But can he draw the middle class and working class votes They cheer for Churchill but they vote for labor was the pri vate comment of one upper level oonseivative official recently The undercurrent of criticism broke into print significantly in Lord Rothermeres conservative Daily Telegraph Then he switched to French carrying on in that language with his customary difficulty much to the delight of the crowd Why it that the great mass of human ity can not live in peace and se curity Churchill said It is be cause they havent formed an in ternational organization which would give them an opportunity to live in peace without being dis turbed molested or tyrannized by attackers from other nations or other ideologies Reds Boo U S A reference to the United States brought loud booing and fistshaking from the Commu nists But Churchill continued You must not be afraid to give your full support to the European movement he said thumping his open hand on the rostrum to em phasize each word On the whole it is the best chance to prevent a new devastating war l As the meeting ended Commu nists began singing the Interna tionale but they were drowned out by the 50man Belgian army band which earlier had enter tained the crowd with Well Hang Out Our Washing on the Siegfried Line British to Produce First Isotopes LONDON Feb 27 tive isotopes those byproducts scientists hope will link atomic energy to peacetime uses are to be produced for the first time Mon day at Britains new atomic pile at Harwell The plant is expected to be at full capacity later this year sup plying all of this countrys re search needs and flowing over seas in export Paraguays President Ousted Sixth Revolt in 13 Months ASUNCION Paraguay Feb 27 units threw their sup port Sunday to a bloodless revolu tion which deposed Pres Rai mundo Rolon while most of hia cabinet was attending a wake Sat urday night Felipe Molas Lopez who was Rolons minister of education took over the presidency marking the sixth successful revolution in 13 months and the second in four weeks in this turbulent country Two other South American countries have seen thuir govern ments overthrown since Jan 1 1948 A coup detat toppled the government of Peru in October and the Venezuelan government was overthrown the following month The revolutionary group forced Rolons resignation while mem bers of the cabinet and large num bers of the people of Asuncion were attending the wake of the late Archbishop Juan Sinforiano Bogarin head of the Roman Cath olic church in Paraguay who died Friday First inkling that a new crisis had risen in the government was a broadcast to the nation an nouncing Rolons removal because he failed properly to carry out his duties as chief of staate Rolon himself seized power in a bloodless revolution Jan 30 which deposed Pres J Natalicio Gonzales Rolon ordered elections April 17 to name a new president announcing he would not be a can didate Tiie new government said the elections would be held as sched uled but announced indefinite postponement of the Colorado party convention which will nomi nate the presidential candidate The convention had been slated for March 1 Despite Rolons declaration that he would not accept nomination it was evident that of Molas Lopez were skeptical ;