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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, February 26, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 26, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday fib tin WEATHER nlostJy clear Saturday lillr temperature change Details on Page 22 VOL 158 NO 135 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH SATURDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 26 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS House Votes Utah Funds Senate Next Attempts Foreseen At Alterations On Final Reading Utahs appropri ations bill was passed by the house of representatives and ad vanced to third reading by the senate Friday after attempts to open it up for amendment had been beaten down in the house The senate action was not sig nificant inasmuch as any effort to open it up on that side of the legislature will be made on third reading Several senators indicated they would attempt to reduce or increase items or insert new ones when the measure comes up for final passage probably Monday morning Final Polishing The bill after its final polish ing and the insertion by the house of a item overlooked by the committee added up to a grand total of Of this amount is appropri ated from the general and emer gency relief sales tax funds and the remainder from special funds such as highway and fish and game Estimated revenues to the gen eral fund are and to emergency relief fund 526000000 or a total of to both funds The estimated surplus is 12513759 which would go into the reserve building fund Attempt Fails An attempt to open the bill up In the house by increasing the ap propriation for relief from 000000 to the figure recommended by the governor failed 22 votes for 31 against The bill passed with only 10 negative votes three from representatives who felt the appropriations were too liberal and seven who ob jected it was not liberal enough The bills major house test came when Rep John P Barton D made a motion to in crease the appropriation for wel fare assistance by Rep Justin C Stewart D Salt who seconded the mo tion said that the bills 000 appropriation is an invita tion to a special session or a cut in grants The only alternative is an ad ministrative miracle separating the needy on welfare from the un needy and I dont believe it will come he said Robbing Needy1 Rep Edwin Q Cannon R Salt said the appropriation to welfare was sufficient if we can get those who dont deserve wel fare and who are robbing the needy off of relief This constant increase in wel fare expenditures if it continues will bleed us to death We must stop the proselyting campaign to get people on welfare he said The amendment to including for hospital construction carried by a nearunanimous voice vote Those voting against the bill on final passage were Reps Barton Sidney A Elswood D Weber and Mrs C L Jack J M Bell W G Larson M Phyl Poulson and Stewart Salt Lake Democrats William N Brotherson R Du H Roland Tietjen R Sevier and H H Crouch R Stir Repercussions Allotments under fire on the senate side included those made to the state prison the welfare de partment and institutions of higher education Omission by the joint committee of any appropriations at all for the state department of veteran affairs and the depart ment of publicity and industrial development also stirred up some repercussions Sen Newell Knight R Salt Lake City said he would offer an amendment to insert an appro priation of for the veter ans department on final reading Sen Lewis H Larsen R Kanab Announced that he would propose allotment to the governor for See Page 2 Column 3 17 FOR 3 AGAINST PariMutuel Wagering Gets Utah Senate Nod A bill to legalize parimutuel betting at Utah horse racing meets was passed Friday on final reading by the senate The vote was 17 for three against and three absent The large majority given to the measure which still must o to the house was due in part to the conclusion of several sen ators that they might as well legalize what already exists As Sen Orrice C McShane R one of the sponsors put it We would like you to legalize what we already are doing down in rhy country The negative votes were cast by Sens James E Burns D Bounti Elias L Day R Salt Lake and Pres Alonzo P Hopkin Member of House To Aid Protest On Guard Camp The house of representatives Friday authorized Rep John A Murch D Cache to accom pany Adj Gen J Wallace West of the Utah national guard t6 Los Angeles Tuesday to pro test any move by civil aeronaut ics authority that would cut off artilleuy fire in Camp Williams The meeting has been called to ask CAA to declare an air space danger area over the camp during artillery practice when the national guard oc cupies the camp According to Gen West un less the danger area is declared Camp Williams would lose all its purpose as a camp for na tional guard He and Rep Murch chairman of the house military affairs committee will return Tuesday afternooon DISREGARDS LAW Hospital Halt Stirs Hot Demo Retort Gov J Bracken Lee Friday was accused of disregarding the law arid usurping the power of the leg islature on the floor of the house as spokesmen for the Democratic majority objected to his request that work cease on the Childrens Crippling Diseases hospital Merrill K Davis R Salt Lake rose to the governors de fense and warned the dominant party that if you want to make the rest of the session a political fight go ahead The argument followed reading of a communication from the gov ernor to the house and senate in which he recommended that all construction work now in progress be halted and a senatehouse com mittee be appointed to investigate the financial position in their regard Museum Port of Entry Among the buildings that would be affected by the order are the Pioneer Memorial museum and the Port of Entry station at St George both under construction in addition to the childrens hos pital Meanwhile Majority Leader Maurice Anderson D Utah and the state building commission both addressed queries to the attorney general regarding the governors and the commissions authority to halt construction on the hospital Contracts for5its construction al ready have been let Rep Anderson started the fire works in the house when he charged that the governor has taken an action against those who already have two strikes against them Anyone who backs the gover nor in his attempt to stop the hospital is unChristian he said Facts First Rep Davis rose to tell Rep An derson to find out the facts be fore you jump off the deep end There are accommodations available for these children This is not a spur of the moment prop osition The governors door is open so you can meet with him before jumping to conclusions he said Rep Justin C Stewart Lake said the governor was dis regarding the law by trying to halt the hospital just as he is by liquidating the state department See Page 2 Column 1 LEGISLATIVE SUMMARY Highlights of Senate House Action Friday on Bills Highlights of Utahs legislative session Friday THE SENATE Advanced appropriations bill to third reading after several senators indicated they would seek to amend it on final reading Passed a bill to legalize parimutuel betting on horse races Advanced to third reading a nonpartisan judiciary act THE HOUSE Passed the 1949 appropriations act 42 votes for 10 against Approved a measure tightening up collection of sales tax on of motor vehicles and removing exemption on occasional or isolated sales Reconsidered amended and adopted a resolution proposing ft coartitotioeal to zaist pay of legislators I D The absentees were Sens Taylor P Brockbank D Salt Lake Marl D Gibson D Price and Hyrum Gibbons R Passed Once Before A similar bill had been approved by the senate before only to be killed in the house Under the measure the race meets could be sponsored only by nonprofit associations and no in dividual would be permitted to make a profit out of the sport The revenue from the betting ma chines would be used for paying actual operating expenses of the nonprofit associations improve ment of fairgrounds and other publicprojects and for the sup port of livestock shows through out the state FiveDay Limit The race meets would be im ted to five days in any one com munity except for a 10day meet at the state fair Sen McShane said the states share on a basis of the meets last iear would amount to The senate also advanced to sec ond reading a nonpartisan judi ciary bill SB 9 which has the sacking of the state bar Incum ent judges would continue in of ice and vacancies would be filled by selection committees made up of the chief justice of the supreme court and six citizens two to be named by the senate two by the house and two by the governor Run Against Record When a judges term ended he would run against his record in stead of an opponent In other words the electorate could vote to retain him in office or vote him out The chief criticism of the measure was that it would remove the judiciary from the people and create a closed shop for the legal profession These objections were pressed by Sens Lorenzo E Elg gren D Salt Lake Newell Knight R Salt Lake City and Lewis R Larsen R Sen Larsen said the bill was dangerous to the American system of gov ernment But proponents pointed out that the voters had already given their approval to a non partisan system by approving a constitutional amendment CAB Indorses Million Mail Pay Hike WASHINGTON Feb 25 UP Civil Aeronautics board moved to wipe out the domestic airline industrys 1948 operating losses Friday in a series of sweep ing orders which granted nearly in mail pay increases Seven airlines were awarded mail pay increases totaling 000 This amount is more than the total operating losses estimated by the Air Transport Assn for trunk lines last year Thus while a few carriers still may use red ink for 1948 the Industry as a whole was expected to show a net profit Wayne L Morse He claims the Demo steamroller falters The Subsidy Portion board announced it will make up the losses suffered by airlines when their planes were grounded that it will investigate needs for air coach service and will determine what portion of mail pay represents subsidy The board said in a general statement covering its actions that it was concerned by the present financial condition of certain air lines and it recommended that the reconstruction finance corporation make short term loans over and above increased mall payments Additional Pay For the year 1948 the board awarded additional mail pay of to American airlines to United Air Lines and to Transcontinental and Western Air These amounts in clude first installments in a five year plan to make up losses from grounded DC6s and Constella tions The board issued show cause orders on Northwest National Northeast and Challenger airlines looking to increased mail pay ments of and respec tively The board also began an in vestigation intn whether the routes of Western and Northeast airlines should be merger with other linei or otherwise changed FUEL NEEDED Senate Group Stalls TH Law Repeal WASHINGTON Feb 25 The senate labor committee Friday deferred consideration of the ad ministrations Taft Hartley law repealer prompting Sen Wayne L Morse R Ore to suggestthe Democratic steamrollers need more fuel from the White House Chairman Elbert D Thomas D Utah said he asked the delay to give members more time to draft amendments and to reach unity or perhaps two unities on how the bill should be handled The committee is not scheduled to meet again until next Friday taut Thomas said a special meet ingwill be called if members are ready earlier1 Notes Truman Blast Morse noted that Pres Harry S Truman said in his Jefferson Jackson day speech Thursday night that the Republican reac tionaries were delaying his legis lative program including repeal of the Taf tHartley law I wonder if Mr Truman will blame this delay on the Republi cans he said I fully expected to proceed daily including Saturdays with executive meetings on the administration bill Apparently the Democratic steamroller needs more steam from the White House Rips Into President Later in a senate speech Morse ripped into Mr Truman for pro posing during the 1946 railroad strike that congress give him power to draft any worker who refused to work Bad as the TaftHartley law is he declared there is nothing in that law so destructive to the basic rights of labor as drafting strikers into the army Urging Democrats to join him in amending the administrations bill he said the senate is so widely split that there will be no majority ei ther for retaining the G O P sponsored law or the administra tions repealer Want Middle Course There is an overwhelming ma jority for a middle course piece of legislation retaining the good of the Wagner act and the Taft Hartley act he said The labor committee meantime received from Ira Mosher fjnance committee chairman of the Na tional Association of Manufac turers a 30page statement list ing 13 cases in which he said la bor unions refused to bargain The statement prepared at the request of committee members supplemented his recent testimony that unions too often substitute a take it or leave it attitude for genuine collective bargaining Eleven of the cases occurred be fore passage of the TaftHartley law which makes refusal to bar gain an unfair labor practice Truman Aids Say Britain ERP Crucial Acheson Hoffman Tie Europe Welfare To Continued Fiiinds WASHINGTON Feb 25 Pres Harry S Trumans adminis tration rushed up its biggest guns Friday to defend a second installment in European re covery plan aid to Britain Both Secy of State Dean Ache son and Foreign Aid Administra tor Paul G Hoffman spoke out strpngly in favor of the requested aid for Britain after senate foreign policy leaders voted to reaxamine the allotment to find out whether Britain really needs the money The senate action in turn grew out of statements by a highlevel British official indicating that Britains recovery has picked up speed and may now be over the hump Other In a series of rapidfire develop ments 1 Secy Acheson told a news conference that if the United States began to taper off Mar shall plan aid now it would jeop ardize the whole future of west ern Europe 2 E C A Chief Hoffman said the proposed allotment is the absolute minimum needed to sustain the momentum of recov ery not only in Britain but in all Europe 3 Chairman Torn Connally D Tex announced the senate for eign relations committee will re view the Britishaid request again Monday He emphasized congress will approve foreign aid funds only when they are direly needed Acheson left no doubt of his views on the urgency of continu ing Marshall plan help Asked by reporters whether he felt British recovery has progressed to the point where the United States could begin shutting down on aid Acheson replied Most certainly I do not Refers to Comment Then referring to the British of ficials comment on British recov ery Acheson said A great deal of confusion has been occasioned by a wellinten tioned but somewhat overenthusi astic statement Hoffman also vigorously de fended the British allotment tell ing newsmen We would be glad if anyone can punch any holes in this re quest The foreign aid chief said the British tally sheet has been screened repeatedly for possible cuts Navy Flying Boat Carries 203 For Neiv Mark SAN DIEGO Feb 25 UP The navys flying boat Caroline Mars Friday established a new worlds passenger record when it landed here with 203 naval pas sengers and a crew of four The huge fourengined trans port landed at pm It had taken off from the mecla Naval Air Station in cen tral California at pm The previous record for num ber of passengers carried in a heavierthanair craft was held by the German 12engine flying boat DOX which took off from Lake Constance Switzerland in 1939 with 159 passengers and a crew nf 10 Fridays flight was considered hy the navy as a routine trans fer of personnel although a navy spokesman said it was made with the idea of breaking the record I Protestant Duo In Bulgaria c5 Confess Guilt SOFIA Bulgaria Feb 25 UP Protestant church leaders pleaded guilty in open court Fri day and blamed Americans for their plight at the start of the trial of 15 Evangelical churchmen charged with espionage treason and black marketing The Rev Nikola Maumov presi dent of the supreme council of the United Evangelical Churches of Bulgaria shouted and wept as he testified Mopping his tearstained face with a handkerchief Naumov de nied that the state security militia had mistreated beaten or burned him since his arrest in December and said All Waverers I advise ail waverers to go to the state security people for re education The Rev Yanko Nikolov Ivanov second defendant to go on the stand was still confessing his guilt when court adjourned Naumov and Ivanov mentioned as their chief American contact Cyril Black formerly in the Amer ican legation and now at Princeton university as their chief contact They named also Melaney Turney dean of the American Womens college and Helen Cooper her suc cessor as agents of Black American Influence Naumov emphasizing the pres sure of American influence in Bul garia included financial magnates like Rockefeller whom he named as a Baptist and Ford a Meth odist He said he and his associates received large sums from the World Council of Churches The trial opened in the great lined solemn hall of the gray pal ace of justice before three judges Foreign correspondents and fo reign diplomatic observers were freely admitted There were loud speakers to aid hearing by specta tors Court Pres Constantino Undjiev opened the trial shortly after am By the time court adjourned at pm the pattern had been set for all defendants to proclaim openly the guilt which the prose cution said they had admitted in pretrial itatemenU Dean Acheson Tapering off would peril entire Europe gains Paul G Hoffman He lists absolute mlnimumrJFor recovery U S Proposes JMernatiMal LAKE SUCCESS Feb 25 CW Pres Harry S Trumans bold new program was laid before the United Nations Friday with an American proposal that aid to backward areas be financed main ly by international action Some delegates hailed the pro gram with words such as magnif icent and inspiring Others who had expected some thing on the order of a Marshall plan for the world privately ex pressed disappointment Time to Study The Soviet block is expected to attack the plan Monday as another American scheme toward imperial istic expansion There is little attributable com ment so far most delegates said they wanted time to study the program The program was outlined in the U N economic and social coun cil by Asdft Secy of State Willard L Throp Specific Flans In his speech before the council Throp outlined three specific pro posals designed to implement the Truman program 1 That SecretaryGeneral Trygve Lie be asked to prepare for the summer session of the council a program for enlarging the activi ties of the U N and the specialized agencies in the field of technical assistance 2 That the report cover ways for arranging financial backing for such projects with the under standing that no one country should be expected to assume nil or most of the financial burden 3 That the report also include recommendations for the coordina tion of work among all the agen cies involved G M Prices Cut As U S Index Lops Union Pay Action Halts 10Year Rise UAW Sneers Piddling DETROIT Feb 25 Motors Corp halted a 10year spiral in its automobile prices Friday with to re ductions and timed the cuts with a pay slash for 341000 employes The announcement by G M Pres Charles E Wilson came a few hours after the department of labors living cost index handed G M workers an automatic 2c hourly wage decrease The CIO United Auto Workers which represents production workers at nearly 100 General Mo tors plants said the price cut was piddling Steady Climb Although the price decrease av eraged less than one per cent on G Ms six passenger lines and two truck makes it represented the in dustrys first cut since Ford Mo tor Cos temporary slash in 1947 G M prices have climbed steadily since a slight drop when the 1939 models were introduced To the average buyer the cuts would be small A Chevrolet fleet line twodoor sedan which had listed for was dropped along with all other Chevrolet models Pontiac prices were reduced a flat on all models Buick and Oldsmobile cuts ranged from to and Cadillac went down to All cuts were effective immediately TheG M truck and coach divi sion announced that reductions on all light duty commercial vehicles will range from to cluding cabs Prices were slashed on ton truck models on ton and trucks and up to on oneton models a spokesman said Twoton conven tional models were reduced and twoton caboverengine mod eis Top Little Too Late The UAW said the price re duction was another instance of too little too late If G M had shown the same modesty in increasing prices as they now show in price reduction the American people would not still be paying Cadillac prices to buy a Chevrolet the UAW said General Motors cut came just 12 hours after Chrysler Corp an j other of the industrys big three upped its prices 67 per cent and reported a record dollar profit in 1948 Fords last increase was an 87 per cent jump when new models were introduced last June announcement caught UAW officials and other auto makers by surprise The auto companies declined comment on the decrease Welcome T A Johnstone assistant di rector of the unions G M depart ment issued a statement before the price cut Friday and lashed out at the industry for tipping prices constantly Ke said the pay cut was a welcome economic sign General Motors boosted prices as recently as a month ago when Chevrolets jiew models were in creased to or about 75 per cent Pontiac raised its prices to at the same time Eafch postwar model in all G M lines has meant a price hike They averaged more than six per cent at a jump The governments report of a threetenths of one per cent fall in the cost of living in January al lowed G M to cut the pay of 273000 hourlyrated workers by two cents an hour and 68000 sal aried employes by for the en tire quarterly period of March April and May SOUTH BEND Ind Feb 25 Studebaker Corp an nounced Friday it will hire 1300 new production workers starting Monday in order to boost output of automobiles 21 per cent The company plans to increase produc tion from the present 3810 units a week to 4610 Rocket Sets Altitude Record 250 Miles Up at 5000 mph WHITE SANDS N M Feb 25 at the White Sands proving grounds here said Friday night that a new had reached the record altitude of 250 miles Brig Gen Phillip G Blackmore said that a German V2 rocket carried an American W A C corporal rocket to an undisclosed height Here the Americanmade parasite was released and sped on to attain the 250mile peak Black more said it traveled at a speed of 5000 mph The rocket went outside the earths atmosphere for all practical purposes proving ground officials explained The combined twostager weighed 15 tons It fell in the northern part of the White Sands target range Black more hailed the performance Thursday as proof that the army has jumped far aheadin development of highaltitude missiles The old altitude record far a rocket was 114 miles act by a German V2 here on Dec 17 1947 3750 WORKERS Atomic Plant Sets Layoff RICHLAND Wash Feb 25 Hanford atomic works Friday announced that a large number of its workers will be laid off immediately The Atomic Metals Trades Coun cil Amercan Ferderation of La after conferring with exec utives of the Hanford Works esti mated that approximately 3750 of the plants 15000 employes will be affected by the layoff order Officials said that the plant also would go on a fivedaySveek George R Prout manager of the Hanford Works General Elec tric Co said the reduction of personnel will not change the companys construction and pro duction program The Hanford Works manfuac tures plutonium for atomic weap ons It is a natural reduction which results from good progress made in building new plants and improv ing those built during wartime Tht reduction is not due to any appropriations difficulties in the congress which we feel hasgiven this project completely fair con sideration an official said U S to Defend Jap Islands Royall Claims WASHINGTON Feb 25 Secy of the Army Kenneth C Royall said Friday night American troops will fight if Japan is at tacked and that he believes they could hold that country against Russia or anyone else He quickly added that I dont think Russia will attack and I dont think war is imminent On the contrary there is un doubtedly less tension in the world situation now than there was a year ago he said In Radio Interview Royal expressed his views in a radio interview shortly after Gen J Lawton Collins deputy chief of the army general staff told a press conference that if Japan were attacked American troops would certainly fight Royall said he concurred tirely with Collins statement The army secretary said he had to turn down Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs request for more troops because the army is cutting down its total strength to get within the limitations of the 1950 budget Xo Withdrawal Wan But he emphasized that no plan for withdrawing U S troops from Japan is under consideration The world wide troop distribu tion plan also revealed military concern over northern defenses Alaska is the only area in which the army plans to increase its strength The plan calls for rais ing the present 6000man Alaskan garrison to 13200 men in the com ing fiscal year Collins said the army has no in tention of withdrawing any part of its present occupation force from Japan Ten Combat Division Altogether the army will have 10 combat divisions with a total troop strength of 677000 men compared to the 12division 900 OOUman striking force which chief of staff Gen Omar N Bradley re quested Senators Support Thomas Move Tribune Wnstilnglnn Iliiroin WASHINGTON Feb senate labor and public welfare committee Friday supported unan imously Sen Elbert Thomas science foundation bill which came over from the last congress The bill has administration back ing and is designed to revive and make permanent the science pro gram followed temporarily by the government during World War II ;