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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, February 25, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 25, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intermountaln Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday fib tin WEATHER Partly cloudy Friday Little temperature change Details on Page 30 VOL 158 NO 134 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH FRIDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 25 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Utah Budget Set At Million Jointly Drafted Appropriation Bill Slated for House Hopper Today By RICHARD A SQTJISES A general appropriations bill calling for allocation of 566114 for operation of state departments and institutions dur ing the next biennium was drafted Thursday by the joint house senate appropriations committee The bill which also carries ap propriations to cover in deficits allowed during the cur rent biennium will be introduced in the house Friday morning amount carried in the bill is only slightly above the 201 appropriated by the 1947 reg ular session But when supplemen tal appropriations and deficits for the current biennium are added the actual expenditure for 194749 substantially exceeds the total set up by the committee for the next biennium beginning July 1 Heart of thebill is the combined appropriation of from the general and emergency relief funds The remainder of the total of in ear marked funds not available for al location to general state operating i departments or institutions FiveWeek Struggle j Gov Ji Bracken Lee recomj mended expenditures from the gen eral and sales tax fund be limited to and advised ap propriations of from special earmarked funds The final 000 figure is the result of five weeks of labor to whittle requests totaling down to fit an estimated general fund and sales tax income of during the next biennium Although the percentage dif ference between expenditures and anticipated revenue falls short of the 10 safety margin recom mended by Sen Fred J Milliman D appropriations committee chairman the bill was accepted after committee mem bers refused to agree to cuts in the budgets of of higher learning Optimistic If revenues meet the somewhat optimisticestimates the budget will provide for a build ing fund from surplus sales tax during the next two While there is little similarity between total appropriation car ried in the bill and that recom mended by the governor an item by iteih examination shows that the chief executives conservative appropriation recommenda t i o n s were followed in appropriations to most state operating departments The major differences are be tween the bills appropriations to the institutions of higher educa tionand those recommended by the governor The appropriation committee increased overall ap propriations to the states seven colleges and university by ap proximately 15 over that of the last legislature and more than 50 above the total amount recommended by the governor Construction Fund The committee also recom mended ah appropriation of 000 to the Utah Water and Power board construction fundand more than for vocational edu cation schools The governor rec ommended no appropriation to the power board for construction and only for vocational schools The committee however re Versed the governor in one major recommendation The governor had recommended setting up 060000 for welfare administration arid assistance during the next biennium After a bitter intra committee fight that threatens to be carried to the floor of the house the amount was reduced to The sharp edge of commit tees ax cut deepest priations to state operating de partments Faced with an ada mant bloc against cutting appro priations to education the com mittee returned to operating de partments of state government to pare the budget down to fit revenues In almost every instance the appropriations recommended for these elec tive officers set at equal to or less than the 1947 appropriation Breaking down the general fund appropriations and anticipated revenue it is apparent that this legislature as last will use sales tax money to balance the general1 fund buget v Total appropriations from the general fund are in cluding deficits approximately above anticipated gen eral fund revenue Appropriations from sales tax however were limited to including deficits some under anticipated sales tax income for the next two years A transfer of sales tax surplus to the general fund will be used to balance that budget Arthur E Stoddard career in 1906 at 25c Began a day U P Chooses ExUlahn As President Appointment of Arthur E Stod dard 54 onetime Utah division superintendent as president of Union Pacific Railroad Co was announced Thursday by E Roland Harriman chairman after a meet ing of the board of directors in New York Mr Stoddard who left Salt Lake City Dec 1 1941 after four months will succeed George F Ashby who resigned because of ill health after having served as rail president since Feb 1 1946 The new Union Pacific presi dent will assume duties Tuesday A native of Auburn NebMr Stoddard began his career in 1906 as a water boy at 25c a day when 12 years old He worked for his father who had a grading subcon tract in the building of the Rock Island Line from Guthrie Okla to Amarillo Tex The executive was mule skinner and mule breaker before his first real railroad job began with Frisco Lines in 1915 at its Springfield Mo shops He was employed by Union Pacific April 4 1916 as student helper at Goth enburg Nev With the exception of military service during both World Wars he has served Union Pacific con tinuously since at Salt Lake City See Page 8 Column t Housing Measure Wins Approval WASHINGTON Feb 24 UP senate banking committee approved a bipartisan longrange housing billThursday after it re fused to write in a proviso ban ning racial segregation The compromise bill approved by a subcommittee Wednesday for 810000 governmentfi nanced low rent public housing units over the next six years 1 also provides for a slumclearance program arid a rural housing pro gram Armed Force Pact Clause Made Specific North Atlantic Draft Softens Mention Of Defense Duties By JAMES B RESTON WASHINGTON Feb atest and probably final draft of Tticle five of the North Atlantic ecurity pact makes specific ref rence to the possibility of armed orce being used to defend the NForth Atlantic community It can be stated with assurance that the new text is not as direct as the Lovett draft which would have obligated the signa to take military or other action forthwith in the event of an armed attack against one of the pact members Refers to Armed Force At the same time it restores reference in the pact to armed orce which was eliminated from he Lovett draft at the sugges ion of Sen Tom Connally D Tex and Arthur H Vanderberg R The sense of the not the precise as fol That in the event of an armed attack on one of them the signa tories would assist each other in such ways also if necessary with armed force as would seem desir able to defend the North Atlantic area This conveys in the opinion of state department officials the ompromise arrangement proposed jy members of the senate foreign relations committee in their meet ing with State Secy Dean Ache son last Friday Totally Different Text It is totally different from an other text which evidently was cir culated and printed Thursday in Paris but responsible officials here this evening said that the Paris version is inaccurate in sev eral respects and that the mean ing of the latest draft is as re ported here Article five has therefore had a stormy passage It started per haps topboldly was trimmed and trimmed again then swamped by a gust from Capitol hill Now it has come back a bit and is appar ently out of danger For the record the sequence of changes was as follows Evolution of Clause In the event of an armed attack on one of its members the others would Draft No 1 the European Take military and other action forthwith Draft No 2 the Lovett Take military or other action forthwith Draft No 3 the Vandenberg Connally Take action forthwith Draft No 4 the compromise Assist each other in such ways also if necessary with armed force as would seem desirable to defend the North Atlantic area This last which is not a text but the sense of the text may not be very elegant but it is evidently re garded by the negotiators as an acceptable compromise Secretary of State Acheson if his cold is better Friday will see the ambassadors committee Bri tain Canada France the Nether lands Belgium and Luxembourg to get the observations of their governments on the new draft Next week he is expected to re turn with the articles to the sen ate foreign relations committee Invitation Setup If as is expected they take it quietly he will then go back to the ambassadors committee and start sending out invitations to those nations who are wanted anc who indicate that they want to come in Exclusive N T Salt Lake Tribune LEGISLATIVE SUMMARY Heres Listing of Highlights In Senate House Sessions High lights of Utahs legislative session Thursday Appropriations Committee Approved appropriation bill calling for a budget of 935178 HOUSE Passed two senateapproved bills increasing benefits and extending coverage of industrial compensation and industria disease acts Passed senate bill allocating to cities and counties motor vehicle registration funds which heretofore have been used to finance thestate of publicity and industrial de velopment Killed resolution proposing constitutional amendment to permit the legislature tofix salaries of its members withou a limitation SENATE Passedseries of bills to give war veterans and dependents certain educational and voting privileges Passed house bill to permit limited driving privileges to persons whose licenses have been revoked for law violations Complete newjB of legislature on page 4 Truman DieHards Threatens to Stump US At Least California Climate Has Variety Huge waves smash against the shore at Redondo Beach Thursday in what some residents said was the worst such storm In more than 20 years Many residents were forced to flee their homes Says Reactionaries Sabotage Program WASHINGTON Feb 24 Harry S Truman said Thursday night he may stump the country again to combat opposition of special interests and diehard reactionaries to his legislative program The president told Democrats gathered at fundraising Jef fersonJackson day dinners that despite the partys November election victory we are meeting determined opposition The way to combat it he said is to take the case to the people as he did last fall in his 31000mile election campaign I may even get on the train again and make another tour around the country to tell the people how their government is getting on he said If we keep the people fully in DEMOS DINNER Huge Waves Lash Redondo Beach More Due Today REDONDO BEACH Gal Feb 24 UP Mountainous waves fell back from Redondo Beach Thursday and residents girded their flooded homes for a possible worse battering Fri day ground swells driving waves up to 40 ft high pounded apartment buildings along the shore breaking windows knock ing down walls and flooding streets 4 climbed out kitchen and bedroom windows of their homes to escape the water wit nesses said Workers were kept from their jobs and children couldnt get to school 15 Bulgar Clerics Confess Treason Official Claims Alternate Plan For Health Policy Gains WASHINGTON Feb 24 Pres Harry S Truman stuck to his proposal for compulsory health insurance Thursday but a com promise plan caught attention on Capitol hill The President told a news con ference he plans to send his na tional health insurance program to congress in a special message within the next several weeks The new compromise aimed at making medical care less expen sive and more accessible to low and moderate income families was drafted by Dr Paul B Magnuson as a substitute for the Truman program V A Medical Chief Magnuson is medical director for the Veterans administration He said he drafted the plan as an individual not as a government official It would provide 1 Clinics for thorough diagnosis of pay rates depend ing upon the patients prevent disease or catch it in the early stages 2 Medical treatment at regular rates by family physicians and local hospitals The federal state and local governments would make up the difference between the established rate of medical services and the rate lowincome or moderate income patients are able to pay Cites Weakest Link Magnuson told reporters the weakest link in todays chain of medical care is the lack of diag nostic and public health facilities Particularly for people who are neither indigent nor wealthy Magnuson told reporters his plan upon which he worked for six months is being considered by influential members of congress He said half a dozen fellow re gents of the College of Surgeons have read discussed and approved the plan SOFIA Bulgaria Feb 24 UP Protestant church lead ers who go on trial here Friday on charges of treason espionage and black marketeering have con and begged for clemency a government spokesman said Thursday night Deputy Justice Minister Ilia Ti mev showed newsmen three bulky volumes connected with the trial including the alleged confessions of all the pastors in their own handwriting Similar Confessions All 15 began I confess my guilt I beg for clemency and desire to be permitted to work as an honest man Timev said Dimiter GeorgieV Bulgarias supreme prosecutor would handle the states case when the pastors step before a three man court to answer charges that they engaged in treacherous activities including spying for Britain and the United States Sixteen Sofia lawyers have been engaged for the defense including 14 who were hired by the defend ants themselves Timev said The government said in a 5000 word indictment booklet issued Wednesday thatall of the church men had been caught red handed Religion Not Religious freedom is not in volved in the tHal the government said except that religion hap pened to be the cloak for their criminal activity The defendants are members of the high council of the United Evangelical churches an organ ization representing the 13490 Bulgarian members of the Baptist Methodist Congressional and Pen tacostal denominations Sofias gray palace of justice Joe Isnt at Home Wanna Talk With Gab Gadget o NEW YORK Feb 24 UP surged forward Thursday with another the mechanical telephone an swerer It works this way You call Joe Doakes Theres a click and a voice says Joe isnt home This is his mechanical telephone answerer speaking If youd like to leave a message Ill take it on my wire recorder and Joe can play it back when he comes home The device called the tele magnet will cost about 200 and will be on the market in less than a month About the size of a small table phonograph the machine re cords up to 60 minutes After playing the wire recorder the owner can erase the messages and set the machine again will be the scene of the trial The buildings largest courtroom the marble lined solemn hall will see a parade of at least 77 prose cution witnesses during the pro ceedings expected to last a week The government said it had permitted the defendants to choose their own lawyers and se lect their own witnesses Seven foreign correspondents representing British and American news services and newspapers are scheduled to cover the trial in addition to 23 local correspond ents of the foreign press and re porters for Bulgarian newspapers Soviet Bolsters Norse Line With Troops HELSINKI Finland Feb 24 UF wellinformed Finnish souce said Thursday night Russia has strengthened her garrisons along the SovietNorwegian border The informant said the Soviet troops had come from the Mur mansk area While giving no esti mate of the number involved he said the troop movements were ob served last week and apparently were in connection with the stand taken byNorway on the projected North Atlantic defense treaty No Previous There have been no previous reports of Russianmovements in this area The informant who was not quotable by name said theie was no indicationof any similar troop movements against the Finnish border Norway and Russia now have a short common frontier in the far north The frontier was established when the Petsamo region of Fin land was ceded to the Soviet Union under terms of the Russo Finnish peace treaty North Defenses Weak Associated Press Correspond ent Daniel De Luce who is now touring Norway said in a recent dispatch that her defenses in the north are weak and presumably an open book to Soviet military intelligence He pointed out that in addi tion to the common frontier of 122 mi that Norway has with Russia there is another 450 mi with Fin land whichis now in a tight So viet military grip He said that the famous north region adjacent to the NorwayRussian frontier is a military pushover and that a bat talion of Soviet troops could seize it any time the kremlin ordered The Soviet Union recently pro posed 0 Norway that both nations siga a nonaggression pact Norway has made clear she will not enter into such a treaty Highlight List Of Speech By President WASHINGTON Feb 24 Highlights of Pres Harry S Tru mans JeffersonJackson day din ner speech Thursday night We are meeting determined op position The special interests are fighting us just as if they had nev er heard of November second For them campaigns and elections are just preliminary exhibition fight in congress is the main bout I may even get on the train again and make another tour around the country to tell the people how there government is getting on If we keep the people fully in formed I am confident that they will support the congress and the president in our fight against the special interests Right now the special interests are using every trick they can think of to defeat our labor policy The TaftHartley act is an insult to the working men and women of this country and they will not rest until it is destroyed We are working for its repeal and with the support of fair mind ed Americans regardless of party we will continue our work for its repeal until it is replaced upon our statute books with a labor law that is fair and decent The same diehard reaction aries who want to cripple labor unions have also started a cam paign of confusion against all our other measures for the wel fare of the people I have submitted to the congress proposals for maintaining full production and full employ ment The proposals I made are de signed to aid business in increas ing production and eliminating bot tlenecks they are designed to keep price movements balanced and to prevent shortages from driving industrial prices higher while farm prices are leveling off These proposals are being at tacked by those special interests who are making excessive profits out of preserit shortages Today we are again in the full tide of a successful the experiment of achieving eco nomic abundance and basic hu man rights in a society of free in stitutions and free men Today this experiment is again the worlds best hope formed I am confident they will support the congress and the presi dent in our fight against the spe cial interests Bristling Repetition The speech was a bristling repe tition of those he made during the campaign He accused the special interest opposition of trying to defeat the measures the people voted for The special interests are fight ing us just as if they had never heard of Nov 2 For them cam paigns and elections are just pre liminary exhibition fight in congress is the main bout The president addressed over flowdinner crowds at the May flower and Statler hotels He spoke extemporaneously at the May flower and reserved his prepared speech for the Statler His words were broadcast nationally and televised At the Mayflower he paid trib ute to Pres Thomas Jefferson Andrew Jackson Woodrow Wil son and Franklin D Roosevelt and the policies for which they stood Asserting that the Demo cratic party platform of today Is founded on those policies he said I am sure the people are with us tonight as we gather to imple ment that platform And they are going to stay with us That was more than a threat by the chief executive because plans already are underway for him to swing around the nation revisiting some of the scenes of his triumph over Gov Thomas E Dewey the GOP 1948 presidential candidate OneSided Barrage Mr Truman accused Republi cans of a onesided barrage of propaganda which he said was an effort to frighten the people with the old worn out bugaboo that so cialism is taking over in Wasfcing ton There are no full page ads on our side he said caustically fact all we have on our side is the people But that is the people are aroused The Mayflower and Statler diners paid a plate for the traditional Democratic festivities The money goes into the party war chest Right now the president said the special interests are using every trick they can think of to defeat our labor policy He spoke specifically of Repub lican opposition to basic changes in the TaftHartley labormanage mgnt law which he is committed to repeal All the oratory in the world wont change a bad law into a good law he said denouncing the law as an insult to the working men and women of this they will not rest until it is de stroyed He accused his political opposi tion of a twofaced approach to housing higher wages and devel See Page 8 Column 6 Goon Squad Tactics Scored By Labor Board Decision WASHINGTON Feb 24 Goon squad tactics exploited to intimidate nonstrikers in a labor dispute were condemned by the National Labor Relations board Thursday in a decision against the C I OUnited Furniture Workers The board found the union guilty of seven unfair labor prac tices arising from picketline vio lence in a strike at the Smith Cabinet Manufacturing Co Salem Ind which began Sept 4 1917 The trouble was finally quieted and the plant reopened after the company secured a court injunction Witnesses testified that while the union was fighting for recog nition as the bargaining agent in the plant of 400 employes out breaks of violence developed such as few recent strikes have pro duced Besides goon squad assaults witnesses said nails were scat tered in the road bricks and clubs were wielded automobiles over turned employes threatened for not joining the strike and bosses were barred from entering the plant by pickets But the board said the strike failed to accomplish its objective Recognition as the bargaining agent The NLRB ruled as it had in two previous cases that the union was responsible for the picket line acts of its agents The NLRB held both the un ion and its Salem local 309 re sponsible and said two interna tional officers and eight officials of the local also violated the Taft Hartley act The unions and the 10 officials were directed to cease restraining and coercing employes of the Smith company and to post notices they were ending any such activity ;