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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, February 24, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 24, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am pm Intelmountain Network Station EALL fMondaj Through Friday fib tin WEATHER Partly cloudy somewhat warmer Details on Page 22 VOL 158 NO 133 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH THURSDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 24 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Aid Disease Bills Pass Senate Vote Utah Solons Approve Two Measures Extending Coverage Utahs industrial compensa tion and industrial disease acts would be extended to cover em ployers of one or more persons by bills passed on final reading Wednesday by the senate The measure also would sub stantially increase benefits under both acts and provide payments for life in total disability cases The measures SB 288 and 289 were worked out by a committee representing employes and em ployers and were introduced into the legislature with the support of both groups Tries Test Vote The one provision on which agreement was not reached was extension of the coverage to em ployers of one and two persons the acts now apply to employers cf three or more To get a test vote on thisissue Sen Lewis H Larsen R Kanab offered an amendment to leave the limit on coverage to employers of three or more persons This was voted down by a large majority on a voice vote and the two bills then were passed without a dissenting vote The occupational disease bill in creases the maximum weekly bene fit from plus five per cent for each dependent up to five de pendents to plus the five per cent allowance for dependents It also sets up a schedule of bene fits for partial disability from oc cupational disease Heretofore only total disability has been com pensated under this act The industrial compensation act Increases the maximum weekly benefit from plus allow ances for dependents to plus allowances for dependents Emphasize Rehabilitation Both acts place more emphasis on rehabilitation of the disabled workers than do the existing laws Aside from passage of these two bills the senate acted on several noncontroversial resolutions But one of these resolutions proved to be too controversial to pass It called upon congress to reject Pres Harry S Trumans recom mended curtailment of veteran hospital construction Sen Elias L Day R Salt Lake summed up the attitude of the opposition with the remark If Pres Truman has left any thing out of his budget I think we should go along with him The resolution was defeated by a vote of six to 15 with two absent Measures passed on final read ing included HB 95 to amend municipal planning act to bring it into conformity with municipal zoning act HB 94 to authorize third class cities and towns to appoint city managers HB 114 to give banks a full day for re jecting items presented for pay ment HB 115 to permit banks to substitute examinations by the federal reserve federal deposit in surance corporation clearing house association or state bank examiner for the annual examina tion by the directors Advance List of Bills Measures advanced to third reading were SB 144 to permit physically disabled veterans in hospitals to vote by absentee bal lot SB 146 to permit disabled veterans to register without going to the registration place SB 147 to provide educational benefits free tuition books and supplies to widows who have not remar ried and children of veterans killed in service SJR 14 provid ing for a committee to study the problem created by psychiatric veterans convicted of crimes SJR 15 to authorize state militia state guard and armory board to cooperate with the Veterans of Foreign Wars in organizing an emergency service corps SJR 16 to commend junior reserve officer training corps in the schools of the state SJR 20 to permit vet erans to install electronic bells in the capitol as a memorial FLOOR DEBATE LIKELY Fiscal Dilemma Impales Utah Joint Fund Body By O N MALMQUIST Utahs legislature was still squirming on the horns of a fiscal dilemma Wednesday night The members of the joint appropriations committee were n direct contact with the horns jut the other lawmakers were anticipating apprehensively the oossibility that they might have lo fight some of the issues out on the floor A committee session scheduled for 5 pm to take final action on the appropriations bill blew up when Democratic house members tarried in a Democratic caucus until the others grew tired of waiting and left Sen Fred J Milliman D Mammoth cochair man then called a session for 9 am Thursday at which he hopes to get a bill finally approved Status of Measure The status of the bill as of Wednesday night was this Tentative allotments from the general fund totaled and from the emergency Belief fund for a total of Estimated revenues are to the general fund and to the emergency relief fund for a total of 000 Thus if the two funds are treated as one the bill is already within anticipated revenues with a little more than to spare Fear OverEstimation But many of the committee members are too fearful that revenues have been overestimated to appropriate that close Rep Solons Favor U S Haven For Spy Aids WASHINGTON Feb 23 Aliens who help U S spies abroad would be granted a sanctuary in the United States under a bill uif animously approved by the house armed services committee Wednes day Spectators and newsmen were cleared from the room while the committee discussed the secrecy shrouded measure The bill would permit the U S central intelligence agency to of fer the protection of residence in this country to foreigners who may risk their lives in aiding American agents overseas Up to 100 such persons would be per mitted to enter the United States each year without regard to im migration laws Attract Renegades Committee members said one aim of the bill is to attract rene gade Communists with important information about countries be hind the Soviet iron curtain Simultaneously the committee approved two major defense bills designed to protect the United States from sneak aerial attack and to develop new longrange guided missiles If approved by congress these masures would 1 Authorize the construction of a radar warning screen with stations to guard strategic air approaches along all borders of the country It would be linked with a similar system planned for Canada 3000Mile Range 2 Give the armed services 000000 to establish a 3000mile range for testing vastly improved robot missiles Military and scientific witnesses have told congress that guided missiles with a horizontal range of 500 miles will be ready for test ing this year and that missiles capable of traveling 5000 miles are a definite possibility in the not too distant future By comparison the known rec ord for Germans wartime V2 rockets catapulted across the English channel to pound London was around 250 miles CAPITOL CALENDAR Highlights of Days Action In Utahs Senate House THE SENATE Passed two laboremployer agreed bills to increase work mens and occupational diseaseinsurance benefits and to expand coverage of the act to include employers with one worker Passed several minor measures already approved by the house THE HOUSE Killed a senateapproved resolution to ratify an amendment to the national constitution to prohibit a president from serving more than two terms Defeated an amendment to give the state department of publicity and industrial development annually in motor vehicle registration license plate revenue Justin Stewart D Salt Lake indicatedthat he would move to approve the bill as is when the committee reconvenes Thursday morning But Sen Milliman with others thinks substantial cuts must still be made to keep on the safe side The senator is shooting for a total appropriation of around 000000 from the two funds which would provide a safety margin of or that amount for See Page 5 Column 4 Martin Looks For Pension Bill Passage WASHINGTON Feb 23 UP Republican leader Joseph W Mar1 tin Jr Mass predicted Wednes day the house will pass the Ran kin veterans pension despite warn ings from the bills critics that it would impose a staggering finan cial burden on the nation He gave that opinion to news men as administration forces abandoned the idea of trying to keep the measure from coming up for consideration Although the minority leader had said earlier the pension bill will not be made a party matter he added the Republican policy committee probably will consider it next Tuesday along with other subjects Evades Own Position Martin did not state his own position on the merits of the bill sponsored by Rep John Rankin D but he told newsmen I think the house will pass it House leaders switched tactics to let the pension proposal come up in the belief it will be scuttled under a flood of crippling amend ments If the remodeling job pleases no one and the bill is voted down they figure this will settle the pension question at this session of congress at least If not they fig urejhey can count on the senate a backstop Slated for Clearance Meanwhile the bill was slated for clearance by the house rules committee next week under pro cedure allowing the speaker to put it on the calendar Frowned on by Pres Harry S Truman the pension proposal would pay a month to all 18 800000 World War I and II vet erans when they reach 65 Its cost has been estimated to range from the first year to by 1990 In a statement to congress Wednesday in which they opposed the measure officials of the American Veterans Committee placed its overall cost at 000000000 Scribe Ousted By Russia Lands in N Y NEW YORK Feb 24 Thurs day Louise Strong American journalist kicked out of Russia for espionage arrived at La Guardia airport early Thurs day and immediately was whisked into the terminal building by two FBI agents As soon as she got off the plane she was served with a subpena to appear before a federal grand jury which is investigating communism in the United States No date was set for her appear ance Looking tired as she stepped from the TWA plane to face some 50 newsmen and photographers a special detail of 12 police officers and the FBI agents Mrs Strong had no immediate statement She wore a huge tan fur coat with a small black hat over her gray hair The plane carrying Mrs Strong from Paris via Shannon Eire anr1 Gander Nfld landed at am Mrs Strong hesitated for some 10 minutes before she slowly de scended the ramp to face the crowd of newsmen She was car rying two additional coats over her arm and wore galoshes Earlier the 64yearold journal ist landed at Gander Nfld where she told reporters not to use me to inflame international friction WASHINGTON Feb 23 UP informants said Wednesday that Anna Louise Strong American proCommunist writer expelled from Russia may have been viewed by the Kremlin as a spy for Chinese Communist leader Mao Tzetung Moscow papers announced her arrest on charges of espionage and subversive activity Feb 15 The U S embassy in Moscow made un successful attempts to see her be fore she was deported Moscow an nouncements did not say for whom she was spying Mildred E Axis Sally Gillars Maineborn defendant In treason trial now In its fifth week shown under escort of F BI operative ALWAYS LOVED U S Tearfully Relates Tale of Refusing to Spy WASHINGTON Feb 23 Radio actress Mildred E Sally Gillars testified between sobs at her treason trial Wednes day that she scorned a German proposal to betray American se crets even if it meant my death Miss Gillars acknowledged that she swore a wartime oath of alleg iance to Hitlers Germany but declared that she always loved the United States The Maineborn defendant wept several times and twisted a hand her fingers as kerchief through she testified Defied Nazi Gestapo Miss Gillars said she defied the Nazi gestapo when a Major Renner a German secret police official asked her if she could tell him anything about the Wright airplane works in Day ton O She said Denner warned her she was in danger because the U S consulate in Berlin had taken away her American credentials Denner told her she said that the gestapo would give her any kind of passport if she was pre pared to do sabotage work for Germany Bursting into tears Miss Gillars told the jury she gave this reply to Denner I want you to know that even though I work for the German radio I would if it meant my anything against my country 51200 top low She said she was paid as much as 3000 marks and as little as 350 marks a month for her German radio broadcasts Taking the witness stand in her gravest role on trial for her life Israelis Egyptians Sign Holy Land Armistice Nation Losin Cold Miss Gillars testified she was so shocked when she heard of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor that she made an outburst against the Japanese in a Berlin radio studio I told them what I thought about Japan and that they the Germans would soon find out about them she said The shock was so great I went all to pieces I lost all discretion The next day she said she was summoned by Johnnas Sehmidt Hansen a Nazi radio official who suspended her for her very se rious remarks about Germanys Far East partner He said I could not return to j work until I had submitted a See Page 2 Column 4 Russian Marshal Boasts Vastly Superior Arms MOSCOW Feb 23 UP Marshal Leonid A Govorov as serted Wednesday that the So viet army possesses new arms much superior to the best for eign models He gave no de tails Like others including Marshal Nikolai N Bulganin minister for the armed forces Govorov bitterly attacked the United States American imperialists Govor ov said are following in the tracks of the Germans They are trying to scare na tions with the possibility of blitzkrieg blows by means of atomic bombs Govorov said By means of military and atomic diplomacy they try to undermine the selfconfidence of peaceloving peoples But peace loving nations are confident of and confident of the might of the great Soviet union standing at the head of the dem ocratic antiimperialist camp V West Leaders Rebuff Bid To Red Party BERLIN Feb 23 military commanders extended their diplomatic deep freeze treat ment Wednesday night to a big red army day party in this focal point of eastwest differences The Russians and their satellites keyed celebrations of the 31st an niversary of the founding of the Soviet armed forces to attacks on the United States and what they called AngloAmerican imperial ists Soviet Marshal Vassily D So kovlosky extended invitations for the Berlin party to the American British and French commanders in Germany who once sat with him on the fourpower allied conj trol authority None of the western command S Gen Lucius D Clay British Sir Brian Robertson and French Lt Gen Joseph Pierre personally Instead they followed a mini mum response system polite but cold which they adopted toward Soviet social functions after the Russians pulled out o fourpower discussions here last spring The western commanders assigned the heads of the three military mis sions stationed at the Soviet head quartersin Karlshorst to go to the party as their sole representa tives Officially the Russians have re named the holiday twice since the end of World War II Originally it was called Red Army Day to honor the Bolshevist forces which laced with professional soldiers who switched allegiance from the czar emerged victorious in the Russian revolution Then the hol iday was renamed Soviet Army Day This year for the first time all Moscow newspapers re ferred to it as Soviet Armed Forces Day The original name however still prevails in ordi nary usage Wallace Says Tells House Hearing Communism No Threat Right Now WASHINGTON Feb 23 Henry A Wallace said Wednes day he believes the United States is losing the cold war and should bargain with Russia for peace The former vice president said communism is no threat to world peace right now But he called the Marshall plan and the pro jected North Atlantic defense al liance a mad course leading this country and western Europe to ward bankruptcy and a fighting war There were momentary flashes of temper in rapidfire questions and answers as Wallace testified before the house foreign affairs committee Rallies EBP Support At one point Rep Abraham Ribicoff D declared Mr Wallaces statement here today has done more than any thing else to rally the United States behind the European Re covery program Rep Donald L Jackson R refused to ask the former commerce secretary a question but he said If this committee desires to use itself as a sounding board for apologies to the greatest aggres sion since Kubla Kahn thats its prerogative But I dont propose to be the strings on the piano nor the keys nor the pedals Wallace told Chairman Sol Bloom D N Y once that Bloom was using mere words in talking about the relationship of the ERP to the United Nations All Weve Bloom barked Thats all weve heard here thenswords Wallace flushed but kept silent The committee and the senate foreign relations committee are considering authorization of to keep the Marshall plan going another 15 months after April 1 The senators already have com pleted their hearings Chairman Tom Connally D Said the measure may be reported out this week with some technical amend ments Ahead of a meeting of the com mittee Wednesday Sen Walter F George D raised the ques tion as to whether the ERF funds should be cut to help meet the cost of rearming western Europe under the proposed North Atlantic alliance Billion for Rearming It is generally believed the ad ministration will ask congress for at least to help the pactmaking nations rearm In view ot this George said we ought to know what the total outlay will be It might be well to cut the economic expenditures to help pay for arms Sen Homer E Capehart R previously has suggested a cut with part of the savings to be used for arms Rep John Davis Lodge R asked Wallace if he thought the U S is winning its cold war against communism No Wallace replied I think the whole world including the United States and Russia are los ing it When Lodge insisted on a direct answer as to this nation Wallace Treaty demilitarizes border from Egypts El Arish A to Israels Beersheba said I think we are losing it its observers may attend Infant State Wins Sweeping Military Political Victory RHODES Thursday Feb 24 and Egypt signed an armistice Thursday that represented a major step toward restoring peace to the Holy Land Other Arab states began lining up to sign similar pacts with Israel a fledgling state that proved its strength with vic tories on the field of battle Israel has scored too on the diplomatic front since its birth a little more than nine months ago The armistice was signed in the yellow room of the Hotel Des Rhodes Dr Ralph Bunche acting United Nations mediator who worked in cessantly since Jan 13 to get both Israelis and Egyptians to agree said other Arab states would sign similar pacts Start Talks Monday TransJordan will start talks with Israel here on Monday King Abdullahs nation will also repre sent Iraq which has agreed to ac cept pacts suitable to Egypt Syria Lebanon and TransJordan SaRthv Arabia told Bunche it does notfjeed an armistice because Saudi Arabia has no independent front in the Palestine war Israel has already held prelimi nary talks with Lebanon A sevenman armistice commis sion made up of three Egyptians three Jews and Brig Gen William Riley chief of staff of U N truce observers in Palestine as chairman will supervise carrying out of the armistice Commission headquarters will be in El Auja a town on the Egyptian border which was demilitarizedand quit by the Israelis On Strategic Highway The Israeli forces will also be withdrawn from Bir Asluj which is south of Beersheba on the stra tegic northsouth inner highway These two withdrawals are the only points where the Jews sur render territory or strategic points won in their October end December offensives in the southern desert of Palestine They will be permitted to main tain outposts of platoon strength in the southern Negev desert and maintain defensive strength in 25 Israeli settlements which al ready dot the Negev The Egyptians will retain the Gaza coastal strip but will with draw several miles from the Sinai frontier with an outpost at Abu Awugeils The Egyptian will also evacuate Beit Hanun which is north of Aza and which will be demilitarized Afaintain Present Forces On the eastern front the Jews will maintain their present forces until the armistice with Trans Jordan is completed Egyptian troops cut off from Gaza and yunder command of the Arab legion in and south of Jeru salem will remain in their present positions until the IsraeliTrans Jordan armistice is signed The crack Egyptian brigade which has been trapped at Faluja in southern Palestine since Octo ber will be permitted to start mov ing out over a specified highway at 5 am Greenwich mean time Sat urday midnight EST They will be under United Na tions supervision and the with drawal will be completed in five days The sick and wounded will go first with the infantry next Heavy equipment will be the last to move out One of the most significant parts of the agreement is conces sion by the Egyptians that the Oct 14 lines in the Negev would not serve the basic purposes and spirit of the armistice These were the lines before Is rael launched its October offen sive in the Negev At the outset of the armistice talks the Egyp tians had insisted they withdraw to the original lines before the fighting which ended with Egypt on the losing end Acheson Rap At Bulgaria Boomerangs WASHINGTON Feb 23 UP United States recently cas tigated Communist Bulgaria for making unfounded and ludicrous charges against 15 Protestant ministers but the protest was fired back within 30 minutes the state department revealed Wednesday Meanwhile as an outgrowth of the Joseph Cardinal Mindszenty case Hungary agreed to recall John G Florian first secretary of the Hugarian legation here whpm the department branded persona non grata on Feb 11 Delivered in Sofia The U S note to Bulgaria was delivered in Sofia last Monday It reminded the conquered axis na tion of its treaty obligations to preserve religious freedom Then if denounced the pending trial of the churchmen as a blatant ter roristic effort to intimidate the small respected Protestant relig ious denominations in Bulgaria A department spokesman said the Bulgarian foreign office con sidered the protest for about 30 minutes and then returned it to an official of the American lega tion with a curt notice that Bul garia rejected it The U S note included a re quest that representatives of this country be allowed to attend the trial of the churchmen as observ ers Answer Not Clear The spokesman said it was not clear from Bulgarias reply wheth er U S representatives will be barred as they were in the similar Hungarian Mindseznty Bulgarian nounced the trial of Cardinal officials trial will have an be open1 and Britain has received word that WITH MIGHTY THIMBLE Sage Sol Bloom Keeps Order By ARTHUR EDSON WASHINGTON Feb 23 The pen when used deftly may be mightier than the sword A thimble tap when tapped judici ously may be mightier than the gavel Chairman Sol Bloom D N Y of the house foreign affairs com mittee proved that Wednesday when Henry Wallace showed up to testify Every time someone seemed on the verge of losing his temper or of taking too much time or of trying to interrupt someone else tap tap thimble tap would go Blooms It worked neatly and the whole hearing passed along fairly peace fully and even at time humor ously Wallace by the way has a trick that makes him a hard man to argue with Not one member of the commit tee would agree with Wallace Yet they had a difficult time because throughout his testimony Wallace would say as the New York Times points out I agree with David Lawrence on that At one time or another he quoted apparently with approval Bernard Baruch Pres Harry S Truman John Foster Dulles Sen Elbert D Thomas D the State department the New York HeraldTribune the London Economist the United States News the Wall Street Journal Sen Ralph E Flanders R Secy of Defense James V Fqr restal and the French political philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville All these are eminent authori ties and obviously anyone want ing to argue with Wallace doesnt want to nrgue first with say John Foster Dulles Rep Jacob K Javits R N Y was trying to get Wallace to ad mit that his poor showing in last falls election was in effect a repudiation of Wallaces foreign views No said Wallace from those Ive talked these were people who went out and circulated petitions and worked for think what really happened was that people were so frightened at Mr Deweys face thatthey said This is a fate we cannot risk voted for Mr Truman This brought on considerable laughter especially on the Demo cratic or Truman face side Bloom a Democrat tapped lightly Near the end Wallace said In my opinion Russia is approaching democratic principles through economic distatorship Bloom leaned back in his chair and said Aw stop your kidding ;