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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, February 16, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 16, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Partly cloudy Wednesday somewhat warmer Details on Page 18 VOL 158 NO 125 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH WEDNESDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 16 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Utah House Votes To Kill Labor Act Close Ballot Presages Failure Or Amendments by Senate By RICHARD A SQUIRES The state house of representatives Tuesday passed HB 23 to repeal the CleggVest labor relations act reinstate the socalled little Wagner act and broaden its collective bargaining pro Visions to include employes of state county and city governments Vote on the measure however indicated that it either would have to undergo some amendments or fail in the more conservative senate Despite a preballot Democratic caucus calling for party line vote the predominantly Democratic 41 19 house passed the undiluted measure 33 votes for 22 just two votes more than the 31 required a majority of the house Five Democrats joined with 17 Republicans in opposing the bill and four majority party members explained they were favoring the measure only with the under standing it will be amended in the senate Favor Jobless Bill During the morning session the house approved HB166 an agreed laborindustry bill to retain the present pay roll variation plan cf computing unemployment insur ance tax liability by a vote of 55 for none against The senate passed the bill with minor amend ments in the afternoon After amending out a section providing for compulsory arbitra tion of labor disputes the house passed HB13 unanimously The bill would set up a division of mediation and conciliation in the state industrial commission to en courage employers and employes to settle their differences with out resorting to strikes or lock outs Voting on the CleggVest re pealer and attempted amend ments to it to be the most controversial piece of legis lation to appear before the house to date in the session Kerr Leads Fight Floor fight against the bill was led by Minority Leader Clifton G M Kerr R Box Elder who as majority leader in 1947s Repub licandominated house guided the bill to passage Rep Kerr both defended the CleggVest act as soundly in favor of the rank and file union and attacked the new act for leaving out tha interests of the public He particularly attacked the ab aence in the new act of a pro hibition against secondary boy cotts in the CleggVest act and proposed an amendment to reinstate language of the pres ent law The amendment was defeated on ft roll call vote of 27 for 28 against An amendment to exclude state county and municipal employes from provisions of the act was offered by Rep Dilworth S Wool ley R Salt Lake but it failed to pass on a standing vote of 22 for 24 against Rep Frank Bonacci D Car bon said that when the Clegg Vest act was passed two years ago labor was put on trial and con victed of crimes it didnt commit Act Condemned Rep Justin C Stewart D Salt Lake said the spirit of the Clegg Vest act was punitive and added that if the laws spirit is puni tive action under that law is likely to be punitive Majority Leader Maurice Ander son D Utah said labor must be protected by laws because it has capital against it and money means power Rep Frank M Openshaw R Salt Lake only minority party member to vote for the measure nerved notice he may call for re consideration of the bill Wednes day In order to be eligible to call for reconsideration a representa tive must have voted on the win ning side James E Faust D Salt said he was voting on the bill with the understanding it would be amended in the senate to outlaw secondary boycotts and jurisdictional strikes Four other aye votes voiced similar hopes Democrats who voted against the bill were Reps John A Murch Joseph F Nielsen and Cyril K Munk Cache D Homer Jensen Emery and LeRoy D White Box Elder Five representatives four Democrats and one Republican were absent and not voting The house will reconvene Wednesday at 11 am Optometry Bills Opposed Speaker Ed J McPolin said tha4 a sifting committee to take over the hundredodd bills now on th house final reading calendar prob ably would be appointed Friday afternoon Seven optometry bills sub jects of two heated public hear ings were reported out of th house public health with unfavorable reports indi eating a majority of the commit tee was against passage Th 48 45 46 49 50 47 and limit advertis ing restrict practice increase qualifications and define optome try as a learned profession fo purposes of court testimony COUNTY ROADS Senate Okehs Fund Shift From UPID By O N MALMQUIST One of the hottest issues of the 1947 session of the Utah legisla transfer of nearly of the motor vehicle reg istration fund from the department of publicity and industrial develop ment to cities and up in the senate Tuesday without producing a ripple of controversy Without a dissenting vote and under suspension of the rules the senate passed a bill SB 85 to allocate all of the fund to cities and counties for B and C roads The effect of the measure if it passes the house and becomes law would be to chop PID off from his source of revenue and kill he department unless it is fi nanced from some other source Easy Sailing Seen The action on the bill indi cated that a pending measure to abolish PID as it is now set up will have easy sailing as far as the senate is concerned The fund would provide cities md counties something more than per biennium compared o allocated to the local rovernments by the last legisla ture Two years ago the move to ake most of the fund from PID and shift the to the B and C road fund produced a long and bitter battle After the bill was passed it was vetoed by for mer Gov Herbert B Maw and sub equently passed over the veto by both houses The veto was over idden in the senate by a margin of one vote The vote on the bill Tuesday was 16 for none against and seven absent Sifting Committee Other major developments of the day in the senate included Appointment of a sifting com mittee by PresAlonzo F Hop D The mem 5ers who took over the 103 bills and resolutions on the second reading calendar at the close of the Tuesday session are J Fran cis Fowles D chairman See Page 4 Column 3 SKYMASTER Trio Survives Airlift Crash BERLIN Fab 15 Amer ican airlift plane crashed and burned Tuesday night 10 miles north of Celle in the British oc cupation zone but the threeman crew escaped alive The U S air base at Celle said the pilot and technical sergeant suffered bruises and the copilot severe lacerations Their names were not given They were being treated at Celle 130 miles west of Berlin The plane a fourengine Sky master burst into flames when it hit the ground A plane flying behind it said two engines failed before it fell The plane was returning from Berlin Previous airlift crashes have cost the lives of 36 Americans and nine Britons Witnesses Say Lack Left BeforeTheft9 Testimony Enlivens Routine Session In Defalcation Trial An otherwise drab Tuesday aft ernoon of and records in the Cyrus V Lack embezzlement trial was brightened with the ap pearance of two women witnesses employe of the onetime Brig ham Street Pharmacy and her friend The attractive witnesses were Miss Melba Maurine Larsen who worked for the defendant and her friend Mrs Elizabeth Gentry both residing at 21 G st The women testified that they saw Lack bolt the doors and leave the establishment at 467 E South Temple on March 1 1948 at pm just an hour or so before the burglary is supposed to have been committed First Two Persons The women re the first two persons Dist Atty Brigham E Roberts and Clifford L Ashton special prosecutor havo called to the stand in the Third district trial before Dist Judge Albert H El lett and an eightman jury to prove that the burglary of Lacks agency was a phony staged in an effort to cover up a shortage The court permitted the women to testify out of turn because of their employment Two Utah liquor control com mission G Clay 521 E 1st South chief accountant and Alma Baldwin 1150 W 2000 North field E M Rogers now at Fort Worth Tex and Raymond Johanson 29706th East both former bookkeepers for Lacks package agency also were on the witness stand Various Times Miss Larsen told the jury that she saw Lack set the burglar alarm before he closed the store Both women said they bade him goodnight on the corner of South Temple and E sts The state Mon day said it wpuld prove that Lack returned to his store shortly after ward and that he himself turned off the burglar alarm when it sounded at am March 2 1948 Asked if she knew J Henry McGean former state purchasing agent and finance commissioner Miss Larsen testified she had seen him in the store at various times but that he was not a vis itor during the hours preceding the burglary The state asked no other questions along this line Mr Clay Testifies Some six months before the burglary that resulted in the Salt Lake county grand jury in vestigation and Lacks indictment the defendant had been forced to make good a shortage of between and testified Mr Clay The commission had be manded reimbursement in October 1947 and finally held up his monthly contract check in Decem ber 1947 to exact payment Lack also paid the commission in December 1945 when he took over the agencys contract the commissions auditor said Pre vious testimony was that the de fendant had signed an agreement to assume all shortages that migh have been incurred in the 1942 1945 period when he managed the agency for Lawton C Hedrick the contractor Inventory Losses Lack agreed to accept the Dec 15 1945 inventory telling Mr Clay shortly after Christmas o that year that there was no need for another count the witnes said Lack when notified late in 1947 that inventory losses at his agencj were excessive and that a new count would be necessary gav numerous reasons for delaying th inventory and finally asked tha the check be made on March 1 1948 Mr Clay testified Mr Clay on cross examination said that his office had not sough to reconcile the Brigham stree agencys inventories with the ven dors reports in an effort to deter See Page 4 Column 6 Streamliner Two Other Trains Marooned by Snow at Wells Tribune Special WELLS Nev Feb streamliner City of San Francisco and two other passenger trains were stalled in this area Tues day by snowbound tracks east and west of here The streamliner left Wells by way of the Western Pacific yards west of here Tuesday before mid night and the other trains were expected to follow it Crews from liere were blocked in their attempt to get the stream liner moving to Salt Lake City Tuesday by a onecar derailment and frozen switches at Alazon some two miles west of here The car of the streamliner was derailed when the train was sepa rated in sections to bring it back to Wells for servicing Both sec tions had arrived by Tuesday eve ning and plans were to the streamliner over Western Pa cific tracks as soon as the switche at Alazon were in working order The Monday section of the east bound passenger No 26 was hel in Wells and the Sunday section of that train was still being helc at Pequop 25 miles east of here Tuesday night Another passenger train No 25 stranded at Montello 60 miles eas of here was returned to Ogde Tuesday night Meanwhile highway traffi fared no better A stranded bu with four passengers en route from Twin Falls to Wells and a roa crew that went out to free it Mon day night had not arrived her by late Tuesday Congress Given Truman Bill To Curb Spiral Rayburn Alerts Taxpayers On Probability of Boost WASHINGTON Feb 15 administration Bent another urgent plea to congress Tuesday for economic weapons it said will be needed more than ever this spring to deal with an upsurge in living costs It submitted a bill providing standby authority to impose controls over wages prices and scarce commodities plus power to build industrial plants if needed to speed production At the same time House Speaker Sam Rayburn D Tex CONNALLYSAYS Burton G Clay cftief accountant for the Utah liquor control commission leaven after he testified I at Cyrus V Lack trial Tuesday that defendant had J paid two inventory shortages within three years Actress Succumbs To Ailment Portrayed in Role NEW YORK Feb 15 Patricia Ryan radio actress was found dead in bed Tuesday after having complained of blinding ailment of a character she portrayed in a radio play Monday night Miss Ryan played a part on an NBC feature Valentine for Sophia opposite movie actor Glenn Ford She portrayed the role of Sophia Peabody who suffered blinding headaches be fore her marriage to the19th century novelist Nathaniel Hawthorne However in the radio play the story ended on the happy note of the Hawthorne marriage During the program Miss Ryan complained of head pains NBC officials said and two other actresses read her lines Tuesday morning her husband found her dead Truman Aids View U S Aerial Might WASHINGTON Feb 15 The biggest massed flight of of the giant planes at housetop height over Pres Harry S Trumans head Tuesday in an air force demon stration of its might The flight was the finale to a twohour show staged for the president most of his cabinet and more than 100 members of con gress at nearby Andrews Field Md Acting at the request of Chairman Carl Vinson D Ga of the house armed services com mittee for a display of planes the air force mustered a sample of every warcraft used since prewar days Truman Studies Planes The chief executive spent the first hour studying the planes parked on the ground climbing up into cockpits peering up into the yawnning bomb bays of a B36 to explain Well isnt that something Meanwhile up on Capitol hill the military men who want to build a 3000mile range to test new super guided missiles which some day may make todays bombers obsolete and unneeded won a preliminary victory in con gress A house armed service subcom mittee gave quick approval to the project which would cost 000 for the first three years The bill must still be approved by the full committee however before it goes to the house for debate on Deck In most air shows the big bomb ers and jet fighters do their flying hundreds or thousands of feet above the spectators Tuesday they were down on the deck as airmen say The stand upon which Mr Truman and con gress members sat shuddered under the roar of engines as the planes swept overhead so low the faces of the pilots were distin guishable House Group Okehs Vets Pension in Wordy Battle WASHINGTON Feb 15 UP strifetorn house veterans committee Tuesday approved a bill to pay old age pensions of a month at age 65 to all veterans of World Wars I and II The action came after six Demo cratic members stormed out of a closed isession accusing Chairman John E Rankin D Miss of dic tatorial methods The bill was approved after they left The approved bill was a com promise of a previous proposal by Rankin The original Rankin bill would have cost a year to start with The veterans administration said the compro mise bill would cost to start with cost rising slowly for many years Opposes Pension Bill The administration opposes the pension bill The measure is cer tain to be the subject of a hot fight when it gets to the house floor The sharply pareddown pension bill includes no benefits for non service connected disabilities Such proposed benefits were a factor in the high cost of the original pension bill In another move to trim the cost of the measure the committee raised from 60 to 65 the age at which veterans would become elig ible for the proposed monthly oldage payments The compromise bill would raise the income limit now applying to pension checks which go to vet erans widows Under present law pension payments are a month to childless widows whose income does not exceed and to widows with children if their in come does not exceed a year Would Raise Limits The bill would raise the limits to and Besides providing the pen sions for old age the bill would provide an extra a month al lowance for veterans whose old age so handicaps them that they muat have a fulltime attendant Any veteran of the two world wars who served as much as 90 U S Agents Seize Tax Collector On Bribe Count CHICAGO Feb 15 federal income tax collector was arrested Tuesday and accused of of accepting a bribe from an automobile dealer spe cial government agents said The agents said Oscar Shir man 28 was trapped with the money in his briefcase after leaving the office of Dick John son head of a Chicago auto firm Johnson had reported to fed eral authorities that Shirman was willing to fix his tax bill provided Johnson pay him aa a bribe plus in taxes Shirrnan said he didnt know how the money described by Johnson as a part payment got in his briefcase He was held under bond A hear ing was for Feb 25 days and was discharged under conditions other than dishonorable would be eligible at age of 65 for the pension Those walking from the commit tee room before a final vote on the bill were Representatives Chu doff Rodino N Huber 111 Patten and Donohue The dispute arose not on the bill but over parliamentary rul ings by Rankin for a record vote on certain provisions When he re fused an appeal from hia ruling the walkout followed Huber took the house floor to declare that the bill was approved without proper consideration and because of unfair tactics by the chairman Chudoff charged Rankin with acting in a dictato rial manner Rodino said he was opposed to undemocratic pro cedures Atlantic Pact Must Allow U S Freedom WASHINGTON Feb 15 UP Chairman Tom Connally of the senate foreign relations commit tee said Tuesday the proposed north Atlantic security pact must leave the United States free to de cide on its own whether it wants to help any European nation meet an armed attack The Texas Democrat issued a statement suggesting that the pro posed treaty declare that the United States or any other nation will take only such action as it may deem necessary to maintain the security of the north Atlantic area Before Senate Friday England Eying Huge Arms Budget Boost LONDON Feb 15 Tuesday night proposed increasing her defense budget by almost 10 to in the next fiscal year This compares with estimates of for the army navy and air force for the fiscal year ending March 31 Some of the increase will go for higher pay to the armed forces but most of it the government an nounced in a white paper will be used for newer equipment and modernization of present war ma chines Latest Type Jets The white paper said royal air force squadrons will be reequipped with the latest type of jet air craft Modernization of the armys tanks radar and radio also is planned The services must be ready if need be to fight with the weapons of today the government said It is planned to call 174000 draftees under the compulsory service act during the next fiscal year Restrained Comment Official comment here was re strained but there appeared to be some anxiety among British gov ernrrient leaders over press reac tion to an outline of the senates position Monday by Sen Tom Con nally D Tex and Sen Arthur H Vandenberg R There is some concern in Lon don reported the progovernment Daily Herald at attempts which are being made to create the im pression that the draft Atlantic pact is being so watered down by the Americans that it will be valueless and that there is con sequently a crisis It has been understood all along that the form of any undertaking given by the United States government must be consistent with the con stitution which does not permit congress to be committed in ad vance His proposal already has been submitted to Secy of State Dean Acheson who will testify before the senate committee on Friday Connallys statement was ex pected to meet cold response in Europe where unofficial quarters already have criticized the no automatic war pledge sought by top congressional leaders If Connallys recommendations are followed it appeared that the treaty would be weaker than the western hemisphere defense pact signd by the American republics at Rio De Janerio in 1947 The Rio pact pledges its nations to regard an attack on one country as an attack on all and requires each nation to assist in meeting the attack Action short of the use of force would be taken on a twothirds vote of all participating members Kind of Sanction It appeared that Connally wanted each nation in the Atlantic pact to decide for itself whether it wanted to use any kind of sanc tions to meet armed attacks He told the senate Monday there is no comparison between the north At lantic and Rio pacts The State department took offi cial notice of the European criti cism in a statement which said that the Atlantic pact nations are agreed on the proposed treatys basic objective It said this objec tive was to make clear our deter mination to fulfill our obligation under the charter of the United Nations Connally and Sen Arthur H Vandenberg the foreign relations ranking Republican member told the senate Monday that the United States will not commit itself to fight automatically if another of the treaty powers is attacked The original draft of the Atlan tic pact called for all the partici pating nations to meet armed at tacks against any member with military force or other action forthwith It was modified at the insistence of the United States The statements by Connally Vandenberg and others in the sen ate Monday were banner headlines in most European newspapers I alerted the nations taxpayers to the probability of a boost this year to avoid a federal deficit General Economy Strategy Both proposals are part of Pres Harry S Trumans general nomic program The antinflation measure was submitted by Secy of Agriculture Charles F Brannan shortly after a White House economist warned the lawmakers that the price pres sure is likely to be renewed thiB spring and could lead to an ulti mate crash Rayburn made his forecast after a White House conference with Pres Truman and house Demo cratic leaders He told reporters he was making the statement to dis pel the idea that the house ways and means committee had perma nently sidetracked tax legislation in deciding to give priority to Mr Trumans new social security pro gram Security Expansion Democratic members of tiie committee had been invited to the White House meeting to go over details of the administration plan to expand the social security sys tem to multibillion dollar levels Hearings on the expansion plan are scheduled to open Feb 28 Rayburn said no determinations were made as to coverage or amounts for old age assistance and other benefits The administration plan how ever is expected to call for greatly increased pay roll deductions There have been advance indica tions that the levies would be boosted to 3 on employes pay checks and 3 on employers pay rolls The taxes it has been in dicated may apply to wages up to instead of the current limit 50 BenefitHike These levies would be designed to finance the proposed addition of 20JOOOOO workers to social security rolls with at least a 50 hike in benefits plus a projected national health insurance program over which there Is mounting dis pute This vast program Is expected to boost social securitytax revenues to about annually as compared with the present total of about which is collected from the 1 pay roll deductions levied on workers and employers equally Rayburn did not mention income tax program Mr Truman has requested but said in all probability well to have some tax legislation Dispel This Fog There will be time he said as the picture develops to see what kind of tax bill we need to keep us out of the red Rayburn reported that the presi dent probably will make a state ment himself on the tax situation Thursday to try to dispel this fog Clark stressed these factors which he said probably will set living costs spiralling upward again in the spring 1 Mounting federal for defense and foreign aid 2 Prospects for government deficit spending in April an the treasury comes to the end of surplus accumulation period in March U S Rejects MacArthur Plea For More Troops in Japan WASHINGTON Feb 15 Gen Douglas MacArthurs request for more American troops in Ja pan has been rejected Secy of the Army Kenneth C Royall said Tuesday He was told it would be imprac tical to put more troops over there Royall said after an 8day inspection trip through the Pacific area He spent six days in Japan Whether to build up Americas military strength there has been a behind the scenes issue for months MacArthur supreme Allied vommander in Japan is understood to have reported to the refense department that Communist ad vances in China have upset Ja pans strategic situation Royall confirmed that MacAr thur previously had expressed the hope he could be allowed more troops and brought up the matter again during the secretarys visit No change is contemplated eith er in troop strength or command in Japan Royall said Back of this development In long argument which dates back to the early years of the war One school of thought contends that the far east is vastly im portant and should receive more attention from military planners in Washington Washington officials on the other hand reply that even United States is not strong enough to keep a global defense line uni formly powerful and that it must concentrate its strength where it will do the most good In view of these officials Europe must have priority over the far east Royall said there was no dis cussion of MacArthur coming back to the United States He didnt say anything and I didnt Royall said ;