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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, February 15, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 15, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Cloudy Tuesday with slightly rising temperatures Details on Page 14 VOL 158 NO 124 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH TUESDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 15 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Pontiff Might Call Front Of AntiReds Brands Primate Trial Miserable Offense Against All Humanity VATICAN CITY Feb 14 INS Pius XII Monday branded the imprisonment of Josef Cardi nal Mindszenty a miserably of fense against all believers in human dignity and freedom and reportedly planned a united front of all Christianity against com munism The supreme pontiff speaking before an extraordinary consistory of 16 cardinals warned that if religion is swept away and divinity is banished no civil society can ever soibsist He demanded full freedom for the church every Hear the Pope After hearing the pope the con sistory reportedly mapped plans to unite all Christian denominations in the fight against Communist Such action would be an historic step for the Roman Catholic church which has hither to insisted on standing alone His holiness addressing the first meeting of its kind in nearly half a century bitterly condemned the trial of the primate of Hungary He declared that Hungarys Com munistcontrolled government based its case against Cardinal Mindszenty on statements com pletely alien to the truth A high Vatican source said that the plans for unity of all Chris tianity in the war against com munism were laid in discussion by the cardinals after the popes speech Concluding Plea The holy lather concluded with the plea Let the Ireedom due the church be everywhere given back to her so that unhampered by impedi ments she can illuminate the minds of men From this action human civilization has nothing to fear but will have great advan tage The holy father said he was saddened with profound grief by the gravest event the trial and sentence to life imprisonment of the primate by the Hungarian regime The pontiff spoke of the ex cessive and suspicious rapidity of the trial and the apparent poor physical condition of the cardinal which he described as inexplic able without inconfessable influ ences Then the pope added bluntly In all this one thing alone clearly that the principal purpose of the entire judgment was to disrupt the Catholic church of Hungary in the hope of obtain ing persecution of the pastors and dispersion of the faithful Public Opinion Therefore in reproving this and putting it before the judgment of public opinion and the tribunal of history we are not only doing what the violation of the sacred rights of the church re quire but what the dignity of the human individual demands The pope rejected Communist allegations that the church seeks to influence the course of purely political matters adding In particular we must declare that what has been affirmed dur ing the trial is completely alien to Senate BiPartisan Chiefs Balk at Pact War Clause U S Charges Eight Million Soviet Slaves Challenges Russia To Open Borders For U N Probe Arrives for Liquor Trial With Counsel Charged with embezzlement of stateowned liquor is Cyrus V Lack center arriving for the open ing of his Third district court trial with two of his throe attorneys They are Glen M Hatch left and Glen S Hatch Lack was indicted by a Salt Lake county grand jury in spring of 1948 the truth namely that the entire matter depended on the fact that the Holy See must explain its political domination over people who are supposed to have issued orders and instructions directed at opposing the Hungarian republic and those presently at its head The pontiff despite his bitter assault on the political sponsor of atheism called for worldwide prayers not only for victims of persecution but that all those to whom public government is en trusted will finally understand this if religion is swept away and divinity is banished no civil society can ever subsist Lack Ignored Warning Witness Says Warned of his mounting liquor money shortage in late 1947 Cyrus V Lack declared Dont worry the boys will take care of it E M Rogers accountant and the first witness in the trial of the former operator of the Brigham Street Pharmacy package agency at 467 E South Temple testified Monday Mr Rogers now engaged in the food business in Fort Worth Tex testified that he quit as Lacks bookkeeper in Dec 1947 because the agencys accounts were so messed up and nothing was done to make up the differences Indicted by Jury Lack indicted by the Salt Lake county grand jury for the embez zlement of some 308 bottles of stateowned whisky valued at the grand larceny minimum of more than went on trial be fore Dist Judge Albert H Ellett and an eightman jury the mem bers being Frank Augutter 486 G st Albert B Carpenter 614 Roosevelt ave J H Gerstner 550 Cheyenne St Clyde Hibbard 6051 S State Ernest W Hjortsberg 1525 West minster ave Peter Loscher 1939 S 8th West Harry G Meyer 2136 9th East and T W Withers 1462 Beck st Two Major Points The state in seeking the con viction of Lack who boasted of his friendship with politicians state office holders and prominent citi zens will base its case upon two points declared Brigham E Rob erts district attorney SENATE INACTIVE More Major Bills Swell Utahs House Agenda O By RICHARD A SQUIRES During a legislative day that saw the introduction of several but the passage of no major bills the house Monday continued to whittle away at its packed final reading calendar before the board is wiped clean by a sifting com mittee later this week The senate was not in session Monday so members could attend the funeral of Sen J Arthur Bailey D Salt Lake The house took action on five of them adjourning until Tuesday at 11 am Among were HB 106 to increase administra tive allotment of state school lunch fund from to an nually and HB 51 to permit drill ng of replacement wells within 150 feet of existing wells without laving to file an application for appropriation of water with the state engineer See legislative calendar on page 8 col 2 Several important measures were introduced however among the measures passed They are 1 That the Brigham Street Pharmacy agency was short 9273 bottles of liquor valued at about on March 1 1948 2 That the purported burglary See Page 8 Column Z Judge Calls Halt to Commies Attack 011 U S Jury System NEW YORK Feb 14 Judge Harold R Medina abruptly halted Monday the fiveweekold attack on the federal jury system by 11 U S Communist leaders His move apparently meant that their trial shortly would begin in earnest After listening for weeks to sta tistics oratory and the calling of jurors as witnesses the soft spoken Medina suddenly ordered the defense to end its presenta tion and told U S Attys John F X McGohey to begin the govern ments reply to the jury challenge His move loudly protested by the Communists attorneys fore shadowed the Imminent selection of a jury and beginning of the government attempt to prove the 11 indicted men conspired to advo cate and thj overthrow of the U S government by torco and Violence McGohey called as his ikst wit ness Joseph F McKenzie federal jury clerk Medinas action came with startling unexpectedness at the end of the trials morning session He had been studying a brief which defense attorneys had pre pared outlining their further at tempts to challenge the jury sys tem I find this memorandum wholly insufficient Medina said Therefore in the exercise of my discretion as to the order or proof and without precluding counsel for the defense as to what they may later do I direct that at the close of the luncheon recess the gov ernment shall proceed with its proof The defense attorneys Immedi ately said they would appeal Me dinas action to a higher court and called it a plain clear reversible error Congress Told U S Needs Rocket Base WASHINGTON Feb 14 New strides in the conquest of space make it necessary for the United States to have a 3000mile proving ground for launching such weapcns congress was tcld Mon day Cost of providing such a test area would be Military and scientific authori ties said that this country will have rockets this year capable of traversing 500 miles and that eventually their horizontal range may be extended to 5000 miles Testify to Need The officials testified before a house armed services subcommit tee on the necessity of creating the broadened test range The testimony prompted specu lation that American scientists have finally surpassed Germanys wartime V2 effort The army navy and air force have been experimenting with rockets of American design for many months but until Mondays disclosure there was nothing to in dicate they had beaten the V2 Asked for comment and air force spokesman told a reporter classified secret in formation to say definitely that we have passed the German hori zontal range But he added its not a bad deduction Horizontal Distance The air force expert explained that the 500mile range cited by military witnesses before congress referred to the horizonal distance He said the German horizontal record achieved by a V2 during World War II was 250 miles Military officials said the pro posed 3000mile test course would undoubtedly have its launching aite located within the continental United States but they were hesi tant about disclosing any details These officials said that several surveys have been made Covering LAKE SUCCESS N Y Feb 14 United States charged in the United Nations Monday that there is evidence Soviet Russia has forced from 8000000 to 14000000 people into slave labor camps American assistant Secy of State Willard C Thorp proposed an international inquiry into the situation Thorp challenged Russia to open its borders to an impartial interna tional investigating commission which could pin down or disprove the charges of forced labor behind eastern Europes boundaries Challenges Russia Thorp declared the iron cur tain kept the rest of the world from checking on reports of slav ery in Russia but he said if Mos cow wants to prove its hands are clean it should offer evidence to refute the pile of charges and ex poses that have slipped into the western world The American spokesman told the U N economic and social coun cil that forced labor also has been put into practice in other eastern European countries He said thai wherever Communist have come into existence they have brought in their wake a re turn to practices of slave labor similar to those abolished in the same countries about a century Irate Europe Press Says U S Welches LONDON Feb 14 of Euro peans were told by their newspapers Monday that the United States is trying to water down the Atlantic defense pact in its final stages to a mere scrap of paper Europeans generally and Brit ons especially were bombarded with newspaper headlines which if stripped to their real meaning would say United States velshes Partly because of secret diplo nacy surrounding negotiations ccording to some western diplo nats Europeans have been led to elieve that the United States was repared to make commitments n the pact which actually it never onsidered and could not make nder its constitution From Two Things Mondays headlines and edito ials stemmed from two things 1 Reports that the United 3iates wants to make its military ommitments in the Atlantic pact general and not precise 2 The situation of the Scandi navian countries which are under jressure from the west to join the act and from Russia not to This situation is blamed entirely on the United States The Daily Express here head ined Atlantic Pact Crisis U S Pledge Watered Down Still More ago A F L Urges Probe HB 250 to abolish the state fi nance commission and turn its duties over to a state budget offi cer who with the state purchas ng agent would be appointed by and responsible to the state board of examiners HB 248 to set up fund from monies not otherwise appropriated to be used to aid school districts in school building programs its use restricted to thosa districts which have bonded to within of legal indebted ness limit Allowable Interest HB 251 to decrease the maxi mum allowable interest charges for small loans under from 3 to per month Another measure HB 249 was introduced over the signatures of 17 representatives It would repeal the welfare lien law passed in the 1948 special legislative session No action was taken on the most important measure to come be fore the house Monday HB 139 to provide for the popu lar election of state board of edu cation members was made a spe cial order of business for Tuesday at 3 pm when house members became lost in a confusion of rec ommended amendments The bill as originally introduced The issue was injected into the economic and social council by the American Federation of Labor which charged the Soviet bloc with mass use of forced labor and called for an investigation by the U N Thorp threw the full weight o the United States government be hind the charges proposingtha the council forward the A F L al legations to the Interantional La bor Organization for an inquiry The IL O is affiliated with U N This is a serious charge coming from a responsible source with con sideratale evidence behind it Thorp said Such a charge canno be ignored If it lacks foundation the ac cused countries should desire and be given every opportunity to their reputations cleared If it i correct then the members of th United Nations pledged by th charter to promote universal re spect for and observance of hu man rights and fundamental free doms for all must face the issu squarely U S Backs Charges Thorp carefully did not alleg the actual existenceof mass Slav labor in Russia but the emphasi of his speech was such that it indi cated the United States fully be lieves such conditions exist He recalled that at the last U N general assembly session in Paris even a Soviet spokesman concede that there were some correctiv labor camps in Russia althotig he did not give details and main tained the cloak of secrecy adopte by his government which seems t be one of the surest indication that there is much to hide provided for the of state board nommacion members of by local board of education members and their election at the same time as local board elections Amendments proposed however would provide that state board members be elected at the same time governor or congressman but candidates would run on a sepa rate ballot SixMan Group Final form of the bill was left to a sixman committee whose members are Reps Ernest H Dean D Edward C Lar sen D A I Tippetts D Dilworth S Wool ley R Salt John P Bar ton D Beaver and Clifton G M Kerr R Box HB 1 to permit school principals to go over the heads of their boards of education and partici pate directly in the state school lunch fund was killed but not be fore criticism had been leveled at the position of the Salt Lake City board of education Legisla tive calendar on page 3 Rep J M Bell D Salt the bills sponsor said that the city board of education is deny ing Salt Lake children the ad the western U S desert for of the program by re pective use as both launching and Istricting participation to one Edi impact areas son elementary school Tass Report Says Russ Arrest U S Neivsivoman LONDON Tuesday Feb 15 broadcast Tass dispatch said Monday Anna Louise Strong an American news paperwoman had been arrested in the Soviet union on a charge of spying Tass the official Soviet news agency quoted Moscow news papers as saying Miss Strong was accused of espionage and subversive activity directed against the Soviet union Tass added It is reported that she will be deported from the limits of the Soviet union in a few days Miss Strong 64 had been a journalist on the Moscow scene for many years She founded the Moscow News a publication for Englishspeaking people in the Soviet capital in 1930 That publication quit earlier this month The Daily Mail in a first page editorial called on the British gov ernment to give Norway the mili tary guarantees which it said the United States has refused Edinburgh Scotsman The Scotsman of Edinburgh said in a dispatch from Washington that there was intense dissatisfac tion in European circles at last minute American proposals to limit United States commitments The view expressed here is that the proposals water down what was intended to be a full and forthright military alliance into a less powerful instrument com parable in some respects with the illfated Kellogg pact The Manchester Guardian said the United States could hardly be proud of some recent passages in its diplomacy Apparent Retreat The apparent retreat behind the shelter of the senates author ity should have been avoidable and much misunderstanding and heart searching in Europe have been prevented the Manchester Guar Norse Quoted As Certain To Join Pact Assail Commitment In Atlantic Treaty WASHINGTON Feb 14 foreign policy leaders of the U S senate served notice Monday that they would not stand for any moral commitment to go to war in the north Atlantic security treaty The proposed treaty intended to julwark the west against attack rom Russia is being negotiated now by the U S Canada Britain ranee Belgium the Netherlands and Luxembourg The warning that the U S ould not be committed in ad to fight in case of an attack n a foreign nation was given by Jharimna Tom Connally D Tex of the senate foreign relations committee and former Chairman Arthur H Vandenberg R They spoke out in the senate after Sen Forrest Donnell R Mo lad raised the question Cites Dispatch Donnell cited an Associated Press dispatch which recited the points Secy of State Dean Acheson was understood to have made in a recent talk with Foreign Minister Halvard Lange of Norway One of these points was that although only congress can de clare war the U S government would subscribe to the principle hat an attack on one signatory to the treaty would be an attack on all This would be interpreted t was said as a moral commit ment to fight Donnell said I want to protest here and now about our countrys being subject to any moral commitment under which congress would be bound to declare war Connally said he would not favor any language in the proposed security agreement which would morally commit us to fight The Texas senator said he and Halvard Lange Spends day In talks with world diplomats dian continued The United States should not have forced the pace if it were not able to produce the goods Hoover Board Urges New Buying Setup WASHINGTON Feb 14 A new agency to slash red tape and manage a billion dollars worth of buying a year for civilian agencies of the federal government was proposed Monday by the Hoover commission It would be directly under the office of general virtually eliminate purchasing offices in the smaller agencies It would take over rec ord keeping and building manage ment all a part of government housekeeping In Third Report Criticizing a maze of differing buying regulations the commis sion estimated that the cost of paper work exceeded the cost of the items purchased on more than 1500000 purchase orders The commission headed by former Pres Herbert Hoover made the recommendations to con gress in its third report on gov ernment reorganization The proposed agency would em brace the bureau of federal supply in the treasury and the national archives It would work together with the militar on supply opera tions involving items both use It would relocate records which take up enormous and costly space 70 in Excess The commission figured that 70 of the stocks amassed by federal agencies are excess Some are enough for 50 years it said It trim the stockpiles iby 2500000 worth Some of the goods were bought to keep from LONDON Feb 14 gian Foreign Minister Halvarc Lange was quoted Monday by Scandinavian diplomats as say ing he believes his country wil join the North Atlantic allianc as a founding member Lange spent the day here in talks with British Foreign Secy Ernest Bevin and the Norwegian Danish and Swedish ambassadors The Scandinavian sources said Lange came away from his recent conferences in Washington with the knowledge that the United States will refuse priority on arms deliveries to nations or groups of nations outside the planned At lantic security system Sees Better Chance Thus the informants continued Lange feels he will have a better chance of convincing his govern ment that the interests of Nor wegian security would best be served by entering the Atlantic pact Sweden has proposed that she and Norway and Denmark enter a Scandinavian defense alliance which would not be be with aaiy other grouping of nations After his talks with Pres Harry S Truman and U S Secy of State Dean Acheson Lange said he thought there was little likelihood of a compromise between the At lantic pact and a Scandinavian alliance Take Three Weeks The British have been told by Washington it will take about three weeks for the Truman ad ministration to line up congres sional approval for the alliance Originally the pact was expected to include at least the United States and Canada and the Brus sels alliance powers Britain France Belgium the Netherlands and Luxembourg Vandenberg have been making it very plain to the secretary of state that the foreign relations committee would not approve of any sort of language in an inter national agreement which would commit us to go to war when some other country in Europe might be attacked At State Department John Foster Dulles Republican policy advisor Connally and Vanr denberg discussed the Atlantic pact negotiations with Secy Acheson Monday at the state department Dulles Republican foreign policy advisor told reporters his call on Acheson overlapped a visit by Connally He declined to say what specific points figured in the talk with Acheson He said before going to the state department he talked with Vandenberg and Connaliy The debate on the senate floor over the past was intense Any European nation might attack another nation not merely the one country about which we hear so much talk Connally said in an obvious reference to Russia Vandenberg said he expects the pact to reserve to congress the complete right of decision on what to do about an armed attack Observing that there would be no automatic commitment he added however General Assertion Obviously something is meant by a general assertion that we find common interest In our mu tual safety He said the agreement would be effective even without any ad vance military action pledge by this country In my opinion Vandenberg said the mere formal recognition of this community of interest in the event of an armed attack on the Atlantic another word in the be an infinite assurance against World War III Truman Cites Russ Stumble In ERP Sabotage Attempts WASHINGTON Feb 14 UP Harry S Truman told congress Monday that the Russiandirected campaign to de feat the European Recovery pro gram Is not measuring up to the Communists expectations He said the Communist propa ganda campaign is powerful constant and well backed with tal ent and money but that the Mar shall plan is forging ahead de spite it Mr Truman submitted a report on operations of the Economic Co operation administration for the second quarter ending Sept 30 1048 as committees of both houses of congress were considering leg islation to give EGA turning back unused appropria 000 for the 15month period ending tions it noted June 30 1950 The commission found a con Mr was frankly opti fused federal supply system where mislic about the program and sub agencies compete with one another mitted figures and charts to back for scarce commodities maintain up his statement that gains are duplicating storage facilities in the being made in the recovery of same locality western Europe For example he said that total output of factories and mines in the third quarter of 1948 was 10 above the previous year and nearly equal to the 1938 rate The president noted that the Communists have tried to fight the Marshall plan with a psychol ogy of pessimism and hopeless ness And a campaign of slan der and misinformation This premise has been the guide to action of the Russian controlled Communist parties in the participating nations he said There are signs however that the antirecovery efforts of the Communists including their prop aganda campaign have not come up to their expectations In all elections in western Europe in the past year Commu nist political strength has dimin ished Communist organs are los ing circulation and above all la bor is becoming increasingly inde pendent of Communistcontrolled leadership I ;