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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, February 14, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 14, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Increasing cloudiness Monday rising temperatures Details on Page 13 VOL 158 NO 123 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH MONDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 14 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Cardinal Foes Face Grim Papal Action Vatican May Invoke Highest Censure Dreaded Anathema VATICAN CITY Feb 13 circles said Sunday roost dreaded and awesome form of excom munication in the Roman Catholic church conceivably may be invoked against the foes of Josef Cardinal Mindszenty at Mondays extraordinary papal eonsistory Spokesmen said they do not ex pect the invocation of but that it should not be ruled out as impossible The Vatican has not disclosed its plans In ancient days anathema meant extermination Under modern church law it is a grim ritual in which the person who has incurred the wrath of the Roman Catholic church is excommunicated and condemned to eternal fire with satan to save his soul on judg ment day Part in Arrest The church already has excom municated all those who had a part in the arrest trial or con viction of Cardinal Mindszenty While excommunication or ana thema are especially signficant to Catholics the church does not dif ferentiate Either could be applied even to Russian leaders who have been baptized but no longer pro fess any religious faith The Catholic encyclopedia says all who have been baptized are liable to excommunication even those who have never belonged to the true Catholic church since by their baptism they are really her subjects though of course re bellious ones Mondays secret consistory called by Pope Pius XII in connec tion with the Hungarian govern ments trial of Cardinal Minds zenty will open at am E S Only the pope the cardinals in Rome and any other princes of the church who may arrive will attend the session in the closed consistorial hall i Cardinals Opinions The pontiff will recite the ad Bumus an ancient prayer invoking the holy spirit as the cardinals remain standing He then will ask tnem to be seated and deliver his allocution The pope may and probably Will ask for the cardinals opinions informants said And it is then that the possibility of invoking anathema could arise The consistory is considered here to be without parallel Vatican spokesmen said they recall no similar one nor similar circum stances impelling one Never be fore has a prince of the church been jailed tried and sentenced while wearing the purple of the sacred college of cardinals The nearest parallel they said was the arraignment in Westmin ster hall June 17 1535 of John Fisher bishop of Rochester Eng land on treason charges after he had been named a cardinal Tlaced on High The cardinaldesignate already xwas under sentence of life im prisonment in the Tower of Lon don for opposing the desire of Henry VHI to marry Anne Boleyn and separate the Church of Eng land from vatical authority He was beheaded June 22 1535 The church canonized him as a saint 400 years later Anathema literally meaning placed on high extends to the days of the old testament Ana thema not only meant extermina tion in those days If it was made rigorous their city was burned and permission denied to ever re build it and its riches offered to Jehovah This was the fate of Jericho LISTENING POST U S Likely to Retain Tie With Hungary WASHINGTON Feb 13 forced to do so the United States will not forfeit its valuable listening post in Hungary by breaking off relations with that Communist dominated government diplomatic informants said Sunday A state department spokesman underscored this Pie said that even though Selden Chapin U S minister to Hungary has been called home on insistence of the Hungarian government the American legation in Budapest will remain open with Counselor William P Cochran Jr in charge ri TI Tne spokesman also said the Moic Danes race Cold War9 Pull With Equanimity COPENHAGEN Denmark Feb 13 A good many Danes from the man in the street to some government offi cials predict the pull and haul of the cold war may next fall on this little country The prospect however leaves them calm Big headlines speak of the Scandinavian crisis but there is no air of apprehension among the placid Danes The reason Danes think it possible they may soon get a Russian request for a non aggression pact centers around the obvious strategic attrac tions of the country They are similar to those of Norway where Russian pressure seems to have failed Hungary Cut Peace Pact West Will Say LAKE SUCCESS N Y Feb 13 United States and Great Britain are preparing for mal charges against Hungary al leging that the trial of Joseph Cardinal Mindszenty violates clauses of the Hungarian peace treaty informed sources said Sun day Official sources said the two western powers would demand an AmericanBritishRussian m e e t ing either in Budapest London or Washington to deal with the case Such a procedure still would leave the way open for the west to bringthe Mindszenty case into the United Nations if they desire The big three peace treaty with Hungary contains two clauses un der which the Budapest govern ment bound itself to respect the civil political and religious rights of its citizens There also are two other paragraphs providing for big three consultations in the event any treaty clauses are vio lated or any of the big three powers alleges that such is the case The decision to use the peace treaty machinery indicated that Washington and London had ruled out at least temporarily the idea of laying the Mindszenty affair before the U N security council or the general assembly which convenes here in April Some top officials in the United States were known to feel that a U N debate of the cardinals trial and sentencing would do little good and perhaps would fur ther inflame the sore U N rela tions between Russia and the west Hungary said Saturday it would be glad to defend its position be fore the U N Hungarys sudden demand for the withdrawal of Selden Chapin American minister to Budapest threw a complication in the way of the west They apparently had planned to file charges of peace treaty violation against Hungary and then convene a meeting of the American British and Prussian ambassadors or ministers to Buda pest to debate the allegations United states plans no immediate move toward expelling Hungarian Minister Andrew Sik in retalia tion for the expulsion of Chapin To New Low U SHungarian relations fell to a new low Saturday when the Soviet satellite demanded the re call of Chapin on grounds he was involved in the alleged treason of Joseph Cardinal Mindszenty The state department formally re jected the demand but notified Chapin to return here at his own convenience for consultation Officials hinted that Chapin may remain away from Hungary indefinitely but still keep the title of U S minister Barring a formal break by Hun gary that would allow the United States to keep its legation in Budapest but at the same time hand Hungary a diplomatic slap by staffing it with a bank official Official Hints There also were official hints that the department might try to embarrass Sik by ignoring him for several weeks rather than re taliate immediately against Buda pest by declaring him persona nongrata But it is believed the department eventually will even scores with Hungary by handing Sikhis passport and perhaps by closing the Hungarian consulate in New York and Cleveland So far Hungary is ahead in the titfortat expulsion of diplomats which accompanied the Minds zenty trial Including Chapin Hungary has demanded the recall of four U S representatives Stephen A Koc zak second secretary of the lega tion and Robin E Steussy third secretary already have left Demand Recall Hungarian government offi cials announced in Budapest Sat urday they also would expell Lt Col PeterJ Kopszak assistant U S military attache unless he was recalled at once State department officials said ate Sunday that nothing offi cial had been received on Kopc sak yet and it wont recognize the demand until it comes through proper channels So far the United States has demanded recall only of John Flor lan first secretary of the Hun arian legation Norse to Make Haste Slowly Envoy Says of Atlantic Pact LONDON Feb 13 wegian Foreign Minister Halvard Lange arrived in London Sunday for important conferences on the north Atlantic pact but warned that Norway will make haste Blowly Diplomatic circles here and in Scandinavia hinted that Lange now is less enthusiastic about the proposed Atlantic pact than when he left for Washington They sug gesied he might be swinging back to the idea of a Scandinavian al liance Lange himself said only that Norway still was approach ing the whole problem gingerly Lange fresh from a series of talks in Washington will confer Monday with British Foreign Sec Ernest Bevin Only after the talks said Lange will he decide what course to recommend to his government which is under some western pres sure to join the Atlantic alliance and under Russian pressure to keep out of it now have many more of the facts on the situation although on the whole I think we will make haste slowly Lange told report ers I have come to no definite conclusions He said the goslow policy ap plied not only to the Atlantic pact but also to the proposed Scan dinavian alliance and Russias note proposing a SovietNorwegian non aggression pact v Great Britain wants Norway to join the Atlantic pact but re portedly is trying to avoid exert ing pressure Bevin who has been in constant contact with all the Scandinavian countries extended his talks Monday to include Tur key the other European flank of any antiCommunist lineup After talking with Lange Bevin will receive Turkish Foreign Min ister Necmeddin Sadak Sadak al ready has ruled out the possibility I of Turkeys joining the Atlantic pact but has hinted at a possible Mediterranean alliance that would be linked with it V French Fiscal Chief Quits Unrest Drops PARIS Feb 13 Andre Marie resigned Sunday night as minister of justice and was suc ceeded by Robert Lecourt Premier Henri Queuillc said the resignation was due to ill health but the move brought the Queuille government out from under a bar rage of criticism This criticism came from both Communists and De Gaullists who assailed the premier because Marie failed to prosecute a French con struction firm which helped build the Atlantic wall and some of the ramps from which buzzbombs were launched against London Gesture to M B P Marie was a Radical Socialist Lecourt is a Popular Republican Some sources had said earlier that the French cabine would have to be reshuffled i Marie did not resign The appointment of Lecourt was seen as a gesture to the MRP It was this group in the cabinet that Premier Queuilie was most afraid might quit unless Marie was removed The resignation came against a background of improving economic conditions in France with the aid of the European Recovery pro gram Food prices although about as high as any time since the war have held a reasonably even plane for several weeks Important Food Gam More important still mama can buy the family food with almost no ration tickets Meat fruit vegetables and bread are abundant in the markets A bond issue intended to raise a hundred billion a lot of francs even during an infla nearly reached its goal A high government official bold the Associated Press that sub scriptions were just beginning to come in from the country and should put the bond drive over the top early in March days be fore the close of sales A franc is valued at a third of a U S cent AM A Asks New CabinetRank Health Agency U SWide Medical Network Plan Counters Truman Bill CHICAGO Feb 13 American Medical Assn Sun ay offered organized medicines alternative to compulsory icalth insurance The A M A plan would create a new federal department of ealth headed by a doctor of medicine with cabinet rank The lew agency would be charged with coordination and integration all federal health activities Hand Clasp Spans International Border Secy of State Dean Acheson at right greets Prime Minister Louis St Laurent after latter arrived for luncheon at Achesong Georgetown Sunday In background are Canada Ambas sador to the U S Hume Wrong left and John W Pickersgill prime ministers special aid Solons Visi6n Few Shifts In Labor Bill WASHINGTON Feb 13 Three Democratic senators pre dicted Sunday that the adminis trations labor bill will come out of committee practically intact with no injunction provision to olock critical strikes Meanwhile foes of the bill planned to carry their fight for the TaftHartley laws 80day in junction feature to the senate floor They say they are confi dent that at that stage they can preserve the court order section and many other provisions of the TH law Injunction Compromise Sen Robert Taft R senior member of the senate labor committee told a reporter he still is for the injunc tion method of halting national emergency strikes and is plan ning now to vote for it again Taft said however that he Js going to study a compromise pro posal by Sens Wayne L Morse R Ore and Irving M Ives R N Y which would scrap the in junction section for a simple cool ing off procedure and rely finally on emergency action by congress in crisis situations The administration bill would repeal the TaftHartley law and replace it with an amended Wag ner act The bill is sponsored by Sen Elbert D Thomas D Utah chairman of the labor commit tee The group Monday resumes hearings scheduled to end Feb 23 Tower Writ Failure The forecast that the bill will come out of committee practically as drafted came from three Demo cratic Hubert H Humphrey Claude Pep per Fla and James E Murray Those three and Thomas all predicted that any effort to write national emergency injunction power into the bill in committee will fail The Democrats nave a threevote majority Flames Destroy Bannock Stake House at Grace TrI hunt Special GRACE Ida Feb destroyed Bannock stake taber nacle Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints hereSunday night Flames broke out about 8 pm presumably from a faulty furnace and by 10 pm it was out Decontrol in spite ofefforts of Grace fire department Destroyed in the fire were the organ and piano of the taber nacle as well as sewing ma chines belonging to the Relief society library records and a sacrament service set The cement block structure wasbuilt about 1908 was about 100x45 ft indimension and will cost approximately to replace It had a main floor audi torium and classrooms in the basement It was shared by the Grace First L D S ward Lovclands Love Notes Mean Plenty of Work LOVELAND Colo Feb 13 may be a wonderful thing but it just means extra work for Postmaster Elmer L Irey of this northern Colorado town Already he and his helpers have stamped 15000 valentines with heartshaped Loveland Colo cachets for mailing to all parts of the nation Another 5000 remain to be stamped Mon day The swains want them dated Feb 14 Business is better than last year when 16000 messages of love were sent here for remail ing ECA Cut Seen In Grain Market Drop WASHINGTON Feb 13 UP Arthur H Vandenberg R believes that if lower arm prices continue it may be possible to cut the new iOOOOO European recovery plan it was disclosed Sunday Sen Richard B Russell D a ranking member of the senate appropriations committee old reporters meantime that he uvors a slash Both views clash with state ments by Paul G Hoffman chief of the economic cooperation ad ministration and W Averell Har riman E C As roving ambassador They have told congress the amount asked is barely enough 1 Committee Support Hoffman and Harriman are supported by the chairmen of the senate and house foreign relations committees Sen Tom Connally D Tex and Rep Sol Bloom D N Connally said a small cut would be irritating without accomplishing much Bloom maintained that ECA al ready has reduced the program to the bare bones But Vandenberg Republican foreign policy leader in the sen ate and other senators will ask Hoffman to take a second look at the spending figures They are said to believe that last weeks sharp breaks in the commodity markets may enable E C A to cut back its spending because recov ery goods will cost less Rejects Flat Cut Vandenberg has made clear to his colleagues it was learned that he would not favor a flat cut for E R P But he has raised the question whether the lower farm prices coupled with pay ment of more of E C As admin istrative costs in foreign curren cies might permit a slash Hoffman himself has invited a close review of his figures by sug gesting that congress challenge him on every dollar Harriman maintains that a substantial cut might make it impossible to finish up the program on schedule by 1952 and that such action might turn it from a major re covery effort into stopgap relief Canada Chief Ends Talks Heads Home WASHINGTON Feb 13 UP Prime Minister Loui St Laurent left by train for Ot tawa Sunday after discussing United StatesCanadian problem during a twoday visit to Wash ington St Laurent told reporters a the station that he was very definitely satisfied by his talk with Pres Harry S Truman and Sec of State Dean G Acheson The prime minister met with the president and Acheson a Blair house Saturday and con ferred again with the secretary a a luncheon meeting Sunday Denies Radar Talk St Laurent took the occasioi to deny reports that highlevel talks are underway on a proposa to ring the North American con tinent with a sensitive radar screen capable of detecting possible hos tile aircraft from 150 to 300 miles away He said there had been studies by military planners but he addei that the cost would be much mor than CanacTa could bear He said Mr Truman supporter my point of view regarding th desirability of developing the St Lawrence river as both a seawaj and a hydroelectric power projecl Concerned Over Costs St Laurent had emphasized hi concern over costs of the projecte radar network just before his firs meeting with Mr Truman an Acheson Saturday If too much were spent on radar he said there might not be an money left for anything else Heleft by train at 6 pm E S for Ottawa Earlier plans for hin to fly were cancelled because very dangerous flying condition in the vicinity of the Canadiar capital of xcept in the armed forces The 12point program includes expansion of voluntary hospital and medical care plans and estab ishment in each state of a medical are authority to receive and ad ninister fundswith proper repre sentation of medical and consumer nterest The proposed federal depart ment would foster new medical and hospital facilities including those for care of the aged and chronically ill stepped up medical and nursing education medical re search public health education and other programs Counter Proposal The A M A plan is a counterpro posal to the compulsory health in surance bills of Sen James E Mur ray D Mont and Rep John D Dingell D Mich now before congress Announcement of the AM A plan was made by Dr Elmer Hen derson of Louisville Ky chair nan of the A M A board of trus ees He said no steps have been taken yet to secure congressional action on it It is likely however that cham pions for the associations pro ram can be found on Capitol hill Sen Lester Hill D Ala has expressed interest in sponsoring a similar but more limited plan proposed by Dr Gilson Colby En president of the Pennsylvania Medical society Sen Robert A Taft R Ohio has announced plans to sponsor a bill which would avoid compulsory insurance requirements In the last congress Taft favbred exten tion of private insurance plans and outright grants up to 000000 a year for state medical aid to those unable to pay for it Draws Battle Lines The A M A has been outspoken in its opposition to compulsory health legislation Last December the A M A house of delegates voted to assess each of the associations 140000 members to finance what it described as a campaign to educate Americans on the prog ress of medicine Sen Murray termed the AM A fund a political fund to oppose his compulsory insur ance bill Commenting on the A M A plan Dr Henderson stressed promotion of a national science foundation for research greater provision for care of the chronically diseased and provision of nonpolitical funds for education of medical personnel Personnel Lacking He said that last point was vitally significant because lack of personnel is an outstanding dif ficulty in rapid extension of medi cal care The A M A program follows 1 Creation of a federal depart ment of health of cabinet status with a secretary who is a doctor of medicine and the coordination andintegration of all federal health activities under this de partment except for the military activities of the medical services of the armed forces 2 Promotion of medical re search through a national science See Page 4 Column 2 SKY HAZARD Mercy Fliers Five Hours Late on Flight A light airplane with two men aboard was reported five hours overdue at Alta air park an air port Sunday at 10 p m in Sandy Air route traffic control officers n Salt Lake City said the plane silver with a red stripe left Mid dle airport at pm on a scheduled flight to Allens ranch 20 miles west of Fairfield Utah county It was due to return at 5 pm Pilot of the plane was listed as ene Millerberg 22 5938 S State Midvale and Dan Ennis 25 Draper The air route officers said the small craft was equipped with skis and a twoway radio They said the plane reportedly filled its tank with gasoline before taking off and if so had enough gas to fly only five hours Mrs Millerberg wife of the pilot said her husband planned to return home by 5 pm to work in Genes Flower Shop of which he is proprietor She said he Jiad considerable work to do because of Valentines day He and Mr Ennis Mrs Miller berg said flew to Allens ranch in search of Mrs Millerbergs brothers Artie Allen 18 and Shirl Allen 27 sheep herding at Cedar Valley who have been unreported for two or three days Miss Kellems Sends Snyder Reminder of WASHINGTON Feb 13 Vivien Kellems who refuses to pay Uncle Sam withholding taxes for her employes reminded Secy of the Treasury John W Snyder Sunday that this is our anniversary But treasury department sources said the gentleman isnt even interested He will deal with the Westport Conn cable grip manufacturer when the time comes And the time may come they hinted about March 15 Miss Kellems who once had her bankroll frozen under similar circumstances sent a telegram to Snyder reminding him it was just a year ago that she took the pledge not to withhold federal taxes from her workers pay envelopes Since then she said I have not collected one thin dime Why dont you punish me she demanded Are you just negligent of your duty Or is it because you know the withholding law is unconstitutional If you dont do something prettysoon plenty of other Americans are going to realize the law is illegal If they do arrive at that conclusion she said Snyder will have a real headache on his hands because they too will refuse to go to the bother of withholding federal taxes Then where will you be she taunted The lady manufacturer a petite woman with determined ways argues that it is unconstitutional to require her to act as a tax collector without paying her U P Releases Trains Held In Wyoming DENVER Feb 13 last 500 train passengers marooned in Wyoming got out Sunday when the Union Pacific railroad opened its tracks between Cheyenne and Rawlins to release three snow bound trains As the snowplows bucked through mountainous drifts into Rawlins the trainsmoved out im mediately to Cheyenne From there they went into Denver then head ed westward over the Rio Grande tracks The 500 people had been in Raw lins since last Sundayon two pas senger trains and a troop train These were the last of 28 trains stalled in Wyoming at the height of last weeks blizzards Single Block Remains Only one more spot on the U P main Rawlins and Rock still barricad ed by snow but the railroad hoped to clear this out Sunday and re open the entire line for travel for the first time in eight days In Colorado meanwhile a snow plow working out of Craig reached two Trailways buses that were stranded for several hours on a high windy plateau west of that city The buses pulled into Craig at am The eight passengers then were put into one bus which continued on to Denver A sudden deluge of inches in one the buses on U S highway 40 Satur day afternoon Drifts quickly blocked the highway and the state patrol said it was closed again Sunday Other Roads Open Otherwise Colorado roads were all open Except for the southwest cor ner of Colorado skies were clear Sunday over all the Rocky Moun tain region and the U S weather bureau saw no new storms in pros pect immediately Since Jan 1 blizzards have raked the region al most constantly Several highways still were snowtalocked in Wyoming Lowest temperatures reported overnight were 40 below zero at Butte Mont at Sheridan Wyo and at Fort Collins Colo ;