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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - February 1, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah f RADIO NEWS am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday VOL 158 NO 110 WEATHER Increasing cloudiness Tuesday little change in tern perafcure Details on Page 22 Webers Tull Stature Approved by Senate Utah Upper Body Also Passes Tax Reduction Bill on Oleo By O N MALMQUIST The Weber college expansion and oleomargarine tax reduc tion bills Monday won final approval of the Utah senate The college measure which would permit Weber to grant degrees in three and sciences business and educa passed both houses and needs only the signature of the governor to become law It was approved in the senate on final reading by a vote of 13 for 7 against and 3 absent one more than was needed to pass it but three short of the twothirds majority which would be required to pass it over a gubernatorial veto House Okehs Closing Act o After Debate SALT LAKE CITY UTAH TUESDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 1 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS By RICHARD A SQUDBES The house Monday after a torrid twohour debate passed a Sunday closing law applicable to grocery stores and retail concerns but exempting conf ectionaries beer taverns and theaters The passed 39 to 15 after its supportors had suc ceeded in defeating broadening amendments which they said would kill the After its passage the house ad journed until Wednesday at 2 pm leaving Tuesday free for visiting the American Pork train ing school state hospital and Cen tral Utah vocational school Cite 90 Support The Sunday closing bill was de fended by its supporters on the grounds that it had the support of 90 of the grocers in Utah and was a step toward observing the Sabbath Its critics consistency in services and as Faces House Test The oleomargarine bill which would reduce the lOc per pound tax on the colored product to the 5c per pound levied on uncolored is a senate measure and has not yet been acted upon by the house It was passed on final reading last week but because of technical errors had to be reconsidered II was held over from last Friday to permit Sen Hyrum Gibbons R an opponent to offer some amendments But Sen Gibbons announced that it had been derided not to press for further amendment in the senate The measurethen was repassed by a vote of 14 for 5 against and 4 absent Lien Measure Dies A measure to give a tax ex emption up to valuation on property pledged to the state by lien from public assistance re cipients was killed on third read ing The bill SB 3 by Clegg re ceived a majority of the votes a measure to petition prQblems by bill was Rep 1 Thomas M Rees D Salt Lake as a means of eliminating ruinous competition which v results in imqre and more stores staying open later and later The bill also exempts sale of milk and bread hospitals hotels restaurants service stations utili ties and transportation sale of medical supplies and drugs bath ing resorts golfcourses and bowl ing alleys During the morning and after noon session the house approved six other bills and sent five newly introduced measures intohouse committee Approved Measures Among approved measures 86allowing the state tax were Commission to use its discretion of thetrial revoking drivers licenses the convicted person needs his car for work HB 7 and HB 8 to increase fees charged by county recorders and clerks for handling legal papers and filings HE 29 which extends city re tirement systems to employes in public the new measures re ceived were A bill to increase gasoline taxes from C4e to6c per gallon a bill to retain the present pay roll varia tion method of computing unem ployment insurance liability and a measure to license and regulate artificial insemination of domestic animals cast but fell two short of a ma jority of the full senate member ship The vote was 10 for 9 against and 4 absent Sen Marl D Gibson D Price brought up the point which re sulted in defeat of the measure He pointed out that it would re duce revenues to the counties to the extent of the exemption with out necessarily helping the wel fare recipients inasmuch as their budgets now contain an item for taxes if they own property Cites Former Error The effect he said would be to place some of the welfare costs back on the counties Sen Rue L Clegg R salt Lake the sponsor said that was one of the things he wanted toaccomplish He said he regarded repeal two years ago of the county levy for welfare a serious mistake The senate advanced two meas ures to third reading One would supplement present law prostitution and the other would increase the pay 01 jurors from day in district courts lattd from to per day in city and justice courts Passage of the Weber college bill was assured by the support of senators from Salt Lake county Five of the seven members from the county voted for the measure one waa absent and only one voted against it The negative vote was cast by Sen Clegg Opposes College BUI Opposition to the measure came from Cache and the southern part of th3 state The attitude of some of the southern senators was that if higher education facilities are expanded it should be in the form of more junior colleges for areas where students must go away from home for the firat two years of college The roll call on the measure HB 2 was For Brockbank Burns Day Elggren Fowles Gib son Jenkins Jolley Knight Mar thakis Miiliman Orser Hopkin against Clegg Gibbons Larsen See Page 4 Column J Itll Spin Protons Nearly 186000 mps Embodied in atomic energy commissions fifth semiannual report is description of Brook haven Long Island national laboratorys proton synchrotron Scale model is above When com pleted it will be the worlds greatest particle accelerator Protons will race around oval track 75feet across at speeds close to speed of Jight with energies of three billion electron volts Utahs Okeh Final As Lee Signs Basin Compact Ratification of the upper basin Colorado river compact was completed by Utah Monday when Gov J Bracken Lee signed SB 1 The bill was passed by both houses without a dissenting vote It allocateswater ofthe Colo rado river among the upper basin states on a percentage basis sets up an administrative commission and provides for the manner in which the upper basijiT will meet its obligations to the lower basin The compact must be ratified by the five interested states Mind consented to by the U S con gress to become effective DELUGE FROM HOME 22Calibers Turn on Heat Senators Gall for Truce The hottest bunch of lobbyists In the state Utah senators are convinced are owners and users of the lowly 22caliber rifle Early in the current legislative session a bill was introduced thraugh anerror according to the sponsors syrhich would have banned the usfe of this gun except rifle ranges As soon as this information was published in the newspapers sen began hearing from their how Sponsors of the bill tried to stem the deluge of protecting letters and telephone calls by explaining that it was all a mistake Horrible Mistake But they didnt realize at the time just what a horrible mistake it was The volume of protests has been increasing steadily And by Monday sturdy legislative souls began crying for mercy Waving a handful of letters Sen Orrice C McShane R Bea ver offered a motion that the bill be brought up to the head ofthe calendar and acted upon now BO we can get on with our work Other senators then began offer ing exhibits of protesting letters running into the hundreds Two or three veteran senators said they had received more hostile re action from the little 22 bill than rrom any other piece of legislation proposed Senator Clarifies Bill Sen Elins L Day R Salt Lake City patiently explained again that it waa all a mistakethat the wrong bill got into the hopper through an error and that the bill which thecommittee would report out would merely place responsi bility on parents for misuse of the gun and restrict itSUse in certain congested areas He opposed lifting the bill out of committee and assured the sen ators that the ruckus would dimin ish as the information got out that the bill introduced was the wrone one s Sen McShane SKoptically with drew his motion but made it plain that he would renew it if the 22 caliber rifle fans didnt show signs of turning off the heat soon V February Gets Cold Throne For Utah Rule Continued frigid weather with occasional snow flurries Monday kept the unmistakable stamp of winter on the last day of January In Salt Lake City a new record for low mean temperature for ToDin argued that settlement recommendations by emergency Hot Labor Bill Battle Opens in Congress WASHINGTON Jan 31 The hot fight over the Truman labor bill opened Monday in con gress Secretary of Labor Maurice Tobin called for its enactment and Republicans immediately objected that it had no teeth to deal with union leaders like John L Lewis Lewis though absent dominated the hearing before the senate labor on the administration bill which would repeal the Taft Hartley act and replace it with an improved Wagner act Much of the discussion centered on an administration proposal to wipe out the TaftHartley law power to block national emer gency strikes by means of court injunctions Tobin said this provision should be scuttled and replaced with a 30day voluntary cooling off pro cedure Sen George Aiken R protested Talking about the chief of the United Mine Workers union and its coal strikes Aiken said Need Real Teeth In the case of Mr Lewis that working men and women 5 Emphasized individual bar gaining as against collective bar gaining 6 Dealt with collective bargain ing as if it were inimical to the public interest instead of the foundation of our national labor policy 7 Unnecessarily limited the rights of workers to strike and in some cases compels members of local union to break against their ovrn fellow members by forcing work on struck goods Full US Nods the voluntary plan hardly any teeth at all might say false teeth would be unless you notched up and the weatherman looking at clearing skies saw no immediate relief from the long cold spell Cold Possible Snow The forecast for the intermoun tain region for the next two days called for continued cold and pos sible snow A storm now off the Alaskan coast may hit thenorth west intermountain region by Tuesday and move down through the other states by Wednesday Despite the cold central and southern Utah warmed up enough Monday topermit some thawing of snow The thaw was expected to crust snow and prevent further drifting which would aid livestock owners who have been plagued in recent weeks by the drifts The crusted snow would be a mixed blessing however for the ice will make it more difficult for sheep to move about in snow covered areas Strip Search Futile In southern Utah and northern Arizona the search for Wayne C Gardner St George livestock man who has been missing for over two weeks was continuing without success A sheepherder working for Mr Gardner Ed Harrington about 50 was reached by searchers Monday and returned to St George He reportedhaving seen nothing of Mr Gardner during his stay in the snowswept wastes of the Arizona strip The little Nevada community of Jarbridge near the Idaho state line was reached late Sunday by an Idaho national guard rescue party but lack of communication delayed the report until Monday Marooned Since Jan 14 Supplies were taken to the 50 plus residents of the community who have beeri cut off from the rest of the world since Jan 14 Coldest temperature Monday was reported at Woodruff Rich county where the mercury dropped to 32 below Big Pincy Wyo had a reading of Lovelock Nev Malad Ida At St George the minimum reading was 13 above Additional weather and sheep news on pages i and 5 boards under the cooling off pro cedure would be backed by the powerful force of public opinion He said that would do the trick and prevent strikes affecting na tional health or safety The cabinet officer started to say something too about power of the president of United States the the then he turned instead to the force of public opinion Tobin Outlines Views In assailing the TaftHartley law and plugging for a new labor law encouraging free collective bargaining Tobin read a 20page statement When he finished there was less than an hour left for com mittee questioning So Tobin after answering some inquiries agreed to come back Wednesday to deal with the rest In a generalized indictment of the TaftHartley law preceding a more detailed lambasting of spe cific provisions Tobin charged that the law has 1 Brought confusion to the field of labor relations 2 Limited the scope of collec tive bargaining 3 Unnecessarily injected the government into labor disputes 4 Abridged the rights of our Cold Wave Stabs Unwary South Loss in MiWions By ASSOCIATED PRESS A surprise attack on Dixie by winters bitter cold dealt Texas crops a subzero vblow Monday causing multimillion dollar damage The frigid snowbanked west ern plains and Rocky mountain areas had some slight respite Jrom extreme conditions per mitting progress by a corps of army air force and civilian teams striving to aid beleagured humans and livestock But the vulnerable south had recordbreaking low tempera tures heavy snow sleet and freezing rain In Llano Tex situated in one of the states lush winter crop areas the mercury reached six below zero Kan Antonio had a record zero The death toil In recent days from floods and cold in the south reached 17 Israel States WASHINGTON Jan 31 Pres Harry S Truman welcomed Israel into the world family of nations Monday by granting fullfledged American recognition At the same time United States recognition to the Britishsupported Arab kingdom of TransJordan The White House made separate announcements of the two action This emphasized the official Amer ican position there has been no deal wit the British to trade American recognition of Trans Jordan for British recognition of Israel Britain Reverses Policy Britain in effect reversed its pol icy last Friday by granting Israel limited or de facto1 recognition Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin fold the house of commons a few days earlier thfe American decision to recognize TransJordan materially influenced Britains action The American announcement of full or dejure recognition for the new Jewish state fulfilled a prom ise made byPres Harry S Tru man during the election campaign some three months ago Urges Free Electicn On Oct 24 the president pledged full American recognition ofIsrael once it held free elections to choose a parliament arid estab lish the provisional regime then in effect as permanent The elections were held last Wednesday with nearly 90 those eligible voting Thei result assured continuance of the pro American government headed by Premier David Ben Gurlon ami Pres Chaim Weizmann U S recognition came days after Jewish1 leaders carved a long cherished nation outof what had formerly been the British of Palestine Negotiating Truce It came as Jewish government officials negotiated for a truco with the Egyptians and other Arab nations which invaded Pal estine after the British loft last May The American government gave Israel a powerful helping hand six days before its elections by grant ing it a loan Some foreign diplomats said this helped swing the election to the Incum bent government i Initial reaction in congress ap proved the presidents action Im very delighted to see the president has taken the right coursn said Sen Robert A Taft chairman the senate Republican policy committee IL S Hikes Atom Lead With 6Super Bombs Stalin Answer Seen Due Careful Wait Intense Study Looms Before Response To Peace Pact Bid WASHINGTON Jan 31 UP American answer to Prime Minister Josef Stalins new peace gesture appeared likely Monday to be a delayed and carefully thought out move Administration officials said there probably will be no response until the White House State de partment and presumably con gressional leaders get together on the best way of countering what the capital generally views as a Soviet tactical maneuver One idea reported under consid eration is to use the occasion for a review of Russias postwar deal ings with the west coupling this with a renewed demand for firm evidence that this time Moscow ia acting in good faith Shy From Comment Meanwhile both the White House and state department ahied away from comment on Stalins press interview statement that he had no objection to a meeting with Pres Hairy S Truman at some mutually acceptable place Presidential Press Secy Charles Ross noted that Mr Trumans ast word on such a meeting was lis restatement this month that ie is willing to meet with the Soviet leader in Washington Ross told re ac Stalins pronouncement hat he would be prepared to con sider a joint Sovietr American nowar declaration Unusually Wary For a series ofreaspiis indica ions werethe adhiinjstrsitJbn may be unusually wary in deciding on a response A brusjk rejectionsuch as the United States has given someVpeaceV gestures might feed Soviet propaganda at a time when he Communists are using every weapon at their command against he European Recovery plan and the proposed new North Atlantic alliance At home Stalins statement was ssued at a moment when the Jnited States has a new congress a new secretary of state Dean Acheson and just when Mr Tru man started his new term Offi cialjs suggested privately that Report Cites Vast Speedup For AWeapons Fuels WASHINGTON Jan 31 United States is pro ducing super atomic more powerful than the missiles that blasted Japan during World War II The atomic energy commission made this disclosure Monday for the firsttime in an official report to congress The commission recorded an expansion of effort in all phases of atomic energy development both for arms and peaceful pursuits And it announced that emergency defense measures have been takento safeguard the worlds No 1 secret against sabo tage and against attack A major objective the commission reported is a srreatlv steppedup production of the two atomic fuelsuranium 235 which is found sparsely in raw ore and the synthetic new ele Dean Rusk assistant Nominated as Senators live under these circumstances extra care would be taken to make the administration attitude toward Russia plain and to avoid offend ing peace sentiment in congress or elsewhere LAKE SUCCESS N Y Jan 31 possibility of offering United Nations facilities for a TrujnariStalin meeting was sug gested unofficially Monday to U N officials Secy Gen Trygve Lie indicated he might comment this Wednes day at his weekly news confer ence on the idea of making avail able U N premises either here or at branch offices in other parts of theworld as the site for a conference of the two leaders Lie made no outright promise to speak however on this pro posal It was not certain he even would comment on Premier Josef Stalins offer to talk about a peace pact with Mr Truman ment pJutonium To this end officials said is now under way the biggest single construction effort in Amer ican peacetime history which will eventually cost more than It includes construe turn or major alteration of 20 plants centering around the nlu tomum plant at Hanford Wash where nearly 15000 workers are now employed its semiannual report to re f rtGSS commission further IThat the atomic energy program has attained a momentum which if sustained the commission will main tain and increase the nations lead m atomic energy development Intelligence Of set UP correlate evaluate on foreign atomic energy developments 3 That continued efforts are wing made to release as much still secret imocrnation as possible without endangering the corSnon defense and security Chairman David liilfenthal at a news conference declared pres says secrecy carried to could actually blacken mocracy Others Okeh WASHINGTON Jan 31 Maurice J Tobin of Massachusetts should make impossible foremost was unanimously confirmed ssuas concerning atomic the senate Monday as Secretary I in le of Labor Tobin has been serving Reports He promised a munber of addi tional reports handbooks and other information material in the next few months including special re ports on research on atomic power for industry and aircraft He said that these together with information already released under a recess appointment The Senate also received from Pres Hairy S Truman a new bstch of nominations including that of Jesse Donaldson for a new term as postmaster general His is the one cabinet post with cratic way In the same breath that it said more a fixed term Mr Ruslt Truman director nominated Dean of the office of United Nations affairs in the State department to be assistant secre tary of state This is a vacancy resulting from the resignation last summer Of Norman Armour Rusk formerly was assistant to the secretary of war Maj Gen Lewis Andrew Pick was nominated to be army chief of engineers to succeed Lt Gen Raymond A Wheeler Wheeler soon retiring has been chosen engineering adviser to John J McCloy president of the World Bank Hoover Asks Session to Give Truman Revamp Powers WASHINGTON Jan 31 UP Herbert Hoover asked congress Monday to give Pres Harry S Truman the authority for a griev ously needed reorganization of the myriad government agencies He waa the finalwitness before the house executive expenditures committee on an administration bill to give the president broad reorganization powers subject to Veto by congress The former presidents appear ance was a preliminary to the forthcoming report of tlie Hoover commission on organization of the executive branch of government of which he is chairman The commission was created by the 80th congress to blueprint a reor ganization plan First Step At the conclusion of his testi mony Chairman Dawson D 111 ended public hearings and said he hoped to report the bill to the house within a week for action The bill would authorize the president to submit organization plans to congress They would become effective u n 1 e a s both houses rejected them within 60 days Hoover given close attention by committee members made these main reorganization bill is justthefirst and most necessary step in obtaining governmental efficiency and economy Other legislation will be required later to unsnarl red tape which now paralyzes the efforts of the best officials Orderly Relation 2 The existing 1800 executive agencies must be brought into orderly relation and placed cheek by jowl with each other under some single head who can reduce them to order 3 The total number of agencies of all kinds now reporting directly to the president ought to be cut to less than 20 thereby relieving the president of administrative detail 4 No agency bo exempt from reorganization 5 Basic goals are economy ef ficiency and that order 6 Presidential reorganization powers should be permanent This is a continuous best proof is thegrowth of agencies hnmi bombs had been developed the commission declared that further developments are now in progress Lrtlienthal amplified the further developments phrase by it meant work aimed at developing still newer models The already developed newer weapons referred to were those tested at A E Cs supersecret prov ing grounds on Eniwetok atoll last April and May A Substantial Gain The commission revealed that subsequent analysis of the Eni wetok tests had established the fact that a substantial gain in explosive energy release was ob tained with these as com pared with those dropped on Japan and at Bikini A commission statement that there are limitations on the size and weight of an atomic weapon if it is to be carried in an airplane justifies this speculation That the new bombs are not necessarily larger ones than the ModelT varieties previously used but are weapons that get more ex plosive effect out of the same or perhaps amount of uranium or plutonium used in the earlier bombs They might even be small er sized bombs than those used on Japan and at Bikini Jurists to Review Price Base Rule WASHINGTON Jan 31 The supreme court Monday agreed to review a decision that a com pany may notmake independent use of a foasihgrpoint method of quoting selling prices although it has no agreement with other Sell ers who use the same method Under the basingpoint method a manufacturer quotes identical delivered prices on products re gardless of geographic locations of users He does this by averag ing out freight costs in Computing delivered prices The supreme court last April uphold a federal trade commis sion order prohibiting major sement producers from continu ng their common course of ac ion understanding or conspiracy 0 sell cement under the basing oini system Other supreme f nin lunik nyaiVlll from 350 lo 1800 m a few years court decisions on page 2 ft ;