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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, December 24, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - December 24, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS fetermountain Network Station KALL Mondij Throufh ribunr WEATHER partly 71 SALT LAKE SATURDAY DECEMBER 1949 PRICE FIVE CENH Truman Sends Pope Message of Cheer Pontiff Lauds Calls For Real and Solid Peace 23 Harry S Truman told Pope Pius XII in a Christinas message that despite the leaders of a few nations most of the worlds peoples today are living indeed as good And among men of good Truman efforts are going forward to persuade and r encourage leaders who do not j follow the path of friendly rela tions to permit their people to live also as good In Pope Pius lauded the ftvork of the American people for peace and called for a peace which real and just and endur ing among all Directs Appeal In his message to Pope truman again directed an appeal io the people of unfriendly nations join with the multitude in striving to build a world wholly and truly at To bring a enduring peace among the nations is the great task that beckons still ahead and calls for Tru man As for the United the president said this country glad ly rededicates its efforts to the creation of a peaceful and advanc ing world order built upon the foundations of truth and Pontitl Replies In the pontiff declared We invoke the assist ance and blessing of the Christ Child upon your excellencys per son and as well as upon all your fellow who courage ously strive to find and follow the road leading to a peaceful future for The exchange was made public by the White House Trumans dated was delivered to the pope by Myron the presidents per sonal representative at Vatican Call Visible The summons to peace on good will toward has come ringing down the ing direction to the thought and the action of every human being whose life is lived according to Gods Truman The significance of the divine personified in the birth and mission of the is increasing ly visible in the record of history despite the vicissitudes oftentimes encountered on the long path of the It is found in the progress that jnan is making toward a better It is found in the humani tarian help given to lighten the burden of suffering wherever it has overtaken women and Mentions Others It K found in the steady achievement of mutually helpful relations among most of the worlds peoples living Indeed as good But Truman went on to say that the leaders of a few nations are not following this path to an enlightened and advancing world In the pope declared that only through recognition of the brotherhood of man can peace be salvation will not come lor the world until de riving its inspiration from the teachings and example of eomes to recognize that all men are children of the one Father Who is in destined to be truly brothers through union with His devlne Pope Pius Only this brotherhood nourishes and revives in the hearts of men that true charity which abhors all oppression and Pius Urges Jews Fight Atheism VATICAN 23 On the eve of the 25th Roman Catholic holy Pope Pius XII Friday invited all believers in Jesus Christ now outside the Catholic fold to return to the one See Column 5 s Pope Signal Starts Holy Year Rites VATICAN 24 blows from a ceremonial hammer wielded by Pope Pius XII Saturday sig naled the formal opening of the 1950 holy the 25th in the history of the Catholic One million Catholics from 36 nations rejoiced as the pope op ened the holy doors of Peters basilica and three spe cial cardinalslegate opened the portals of Romes three other The doors of all four great churches will remain open throughout the which Pope Pius hopes will prove the turning point for peace in the This holy first since been proclaimed the year of the great and Catholics who perform pre scribed acts of devotion can win forgiveness for all their Stiffens Sea Block On Shanghai Threatens to Revoke Ship Licenses In Area I 23 The United States government Fri day threw up a new barrier in the way of seaborne trade between the United States and Communist REMOTE CONTROL National Tree Switch Set In Missouri 23 Holiday red ribbon overlaid work aday red tape Friday as the capital began its yuletide Its 1 Harry S got up early to fly to for a Christ mas in the old family Truman already was Daugh ter Margaret flew with her They arrived shortly Although Truman plans to remain in Missouri until next he arranged to light the White House Christmas tree Saturday evening by remote con trol from Readies Broadcast As the brilliant lights flare on in the dusk of Christmas Truman will broadcast a Christ mas message to the nation about Government offices will remain closed Monday as well as Saturday and American in could count the 1949 Christmas shopping season a rousing The Federal Reserve board an nounced that department store sales last week finished 1 ahead of the corresponding week of There appeared to be a chance that the buying wave would send total Christmas sales above last years Armed Force MenJ The men and women of the navy and including assigned will share in a typical American holi day feast built around roast torn the defense department an Ships of the navys sixth task force are calling over the holi days at Marseilles and Orphans at those ports have been invited to shipboard They will re ceive toys and At Saipan and other islands in the remote Pacific the natives will get their presents by ship and even outrigger Iron Lung Binds Yule Spirit Of Victim of Polio NEW 23 side Bradys iron The lips were locked but not her And Marion 36year old polio knew Christmas was For days the mother of three children tried to get across her message to nurses at Lukes But the which has held her a prisoner in an iron lung since also paralyzed her vocal No words came out to back up the appeal in her the hospital appealed to the New York league for the hard of Through the an expert lip Marjoric as Miss Dew stood be victim was told to form words on her lips while looking into a mir ror Thus Miss Dew was able to judge the words Brady could not At Brady was able to release the message that had gripped her heart so Get me out of the respirator for she Would the hospital let my chil dren come to me for Christ mas Tell them I love them very Now its up to the hospital to answer Its a task thats not She cant get out of the iron lung for Christmas or lie The State department made pub a warning that any American skipper who takes hig vessel into the hazardous waters of Shang hai may have his license suspended or This was the most drastic step yet taken by the gov ernment to reinforce the Chinese Nationalist effort to blockade Shanghai blockade which the United States does not officially regard as Explains Policy At the same on Anoth angle of the continuing Chinese Communist a State de partment official declared that Chinas Nationalist now settled down in the island of can purchase weapons here with its own money anytime it wants That is long estab lished American he The Press Officer Michael announced that the State deparfjment had re jected an application from the Driggs Engineering of New York for a license to export Springfield rifles to Driggs did not have in hand the rifles which ft wanted to McDermott The Chinese government had not requested the rifles of the American he and the State depart ment had no indication that Driggs was representing the Chi nese Direct Approach McDermott said that if the Chi nese wanted to buy rifles in the United States for the defense of using their own the proper procedure was to ap proach the American government If Driggs was then ac credited as Chinese government Driggs could handle the The new move to block Ameri can shipping to Chinas principal was specifically di rected to a vessel of the Isbrandt sen Steamship which has been rowing with the State department over Shanghai shipping policy since early Truman Home For Dresses Tree 23 nations first family gathered here Friday night for an oldfashioned Harry S Trumans 14 room home was covered by a layer 3f sleet and was glistening in he bright sunlight when Tru man arrived early in the after Truman was to help dec orate family under the expert supervision of Bess Truman told reporters while awaiting his ar rival at the Fairfax airport short ly before Glad to Be Home smiling broadlv told about 100 neighbors who rreeted here that he was jlad to be He said he wished everyone a merry Christ Then he posed with Tru man and their daughter on the front hi front of the big reen wreath on the for pic The fourhourandfourminute light from Washington carried Truman and Margaret from 63 degree weather and a driving rain o 26 degree weather with he sun shining from a cloudless Lock Needs Fixing It was the first time Tru man had been home since the ence was installed at the home The electric locking gadget on the sidewalk gate appeared to need some It didnt act right Friday after the Trumans their Also in the presidential party Friday were White House sec retaries Charles Ross and Mat Jiew Connelly Harry the presidents mili ary and Vaughan Wallace presi dential and and Robert friend of the The president planned to remain lere until next re axing and visiting with friends and Saturday Truman was ex pected to attend a reception in Kansas given by a Demo cratic and then he will de ils annual Christmas eve ad dress to the nation and light the nations Christmas tree in Wash I ington by remote Gives Rails Coal Priority As Supplies Dip ICC Acts to Divert TieUp As Pinch Poses Crisis 23 fovenunent took jency action Friday to keep running despite the curb John Lewis clamped on coal It gave the carrien firit call coal produced in mines which normally provide them with such The designed to avert transportation breakdowns te The Boss Plays Santa at Mine Shaft Chimney Reversing usual miners of coal company emerged from chimney shaft Friday to find Santa company chief Leonard waiting with free turkeys and news that payday would be advanced for JFor fund this was real yule BidauIt Budget Wins Okeh Of Assembly 24 UP French national assembly early Saturday gave Premier Georges Bidsult a harrow vote of confidence on his proposed two trillion franc one of the largest in French The vote was 303 to The vote was the first test of strength for Bidaults unstable coalition The premier called for a formal vote of con fidence Thursday night to end the uncertainty of the TwoWeek Bicker Parliament had bickered for two weeks over means of balanc ing the and the popular Republican premier decided to ask for a The record budget called for 200 billion francs in extra The assembly finance committee refused to agree to this and went on to slice 100 bil lion francs off the planned After offering to lop 50 bil lion francs off the Bidault staked the future of his threeparty cabinet on the Actual Ballot The actual vote was on whether the national assembly would dis cuss the governments proposed budget or the mutilated version offered by the finance Although Bidault asked for the vote on a technicality which budget version to study the political implication was clear to Had he lost on the confidence his government would have been out and formation of an other middleoftheroad cabinet would be almost impossible in the present state of political a defeat would have put France halfway along the road to dissolution of the as sembly and calling of general elec Under the if two governments are defeated on confidence votes in a period of IS Vincent Auriol can dissolve the assembly and order general Truman Receives MidAir Gift Of Yuletide Cake Dec 23 Harry S Tru man got a Christmas present Friday while he was flying home in his special the Inde The planes crew presented the president and his who accompanied him with a big cuke covered with white Written on the top in colored icing was President and family from the crew of the In The crew tried to deliver the gift to the president in his pri vate but the door is only 18 wide and the cake was JO in So the Trumaas went into the main cabin space for the MALENKOV VIEWS RedDemocracy Peace Gets Stalins Stamp By HARRISON SALISBURY 23 Generalissimo Joseph Stalin be lieves that the capitalist system is destined to exist for some years to come and that the world is large Communist and capitalist states to live and work in a state of peaceful and businesslike This was the conclusion drawn by foreign diplomats in Moscow from a significant analysis of Stalins views on coexistence of Basic ABomb Rule Known To Russ in 40 23 Russian scientists had mastered the basic theoretical secrets of the atomic bomb in before the United States launched its multibilHon dollar Manhattan documents on file at the Atomic Energy commission showed so far as American offi cials can it was not until last summer that Russia was able to overcome the myriad technical difficulties involved In translating their theoretical knowhow into a workable First Blast in 45 The United States exploded its first bomb in and haa been improving the design ever The which show how far Russia had progressed in atomic science before World War II are scientific papers published in the Soviet Union dur ing Mere than a score of li including the Library of received routine dis tribution of the Russian language publications and still have un translated copies on American scientific circles long have known of the existence of the but they never before have been disclosed to the Translations Made English translations of the papers were made for the armys Manhattan project during the but were classified pre sumably to conceal interest in the The atomic commission recently removed the secret and at the request of the United permitted reporters to read the They show that more than nine years ago Russian scientists Were publicly discussing the theoretical feasibility of making uranium 235 explode by suddenly assembling it in supercritical Understood re quirements for a chain reacting uranium and the use of heavy water to slow neutrons to their most effective atomsplitting Were studying in detail the prob sins of separating fissionable ura nium 235 from the more plentiful ut nonexplosive 238 with which it is mixed in communism and capitalism provided the main of the most important article published in Moscow in connection with Sta Hns article by po buro member Malenkov Views Interesting fact of ail the possible subjects which Malenkov might have dealt he chose a documented report of Stalins con viction that the world must ex pect communism and capitalism to endure side by aide for consider able time to come added to the interest with which the Malenkov article was Of special interest to Moscow was the context in which Malenkovs presentation was The occasion was Stalins 70th birthday in which the Soviet leader was receiving the plaudits of his countrymen and those of leaders of world including Mao Communist Chinas whose victories have brought the Communist doctrine and Communist tn hun dreds of millions in the postwar period 800 Million People Communist doctrine is now supreme from the Japan sea to the Barents sea end from the Elbe river to the Adriatic Some people now live under Communist or peoples democratic Thus the declaration comes at a moment when the Communist tide in the world is at something like Realistic Analysis Realistic Soviet analysts of in ternational relations have repeat edly emphasized their belief that questions in conflict between the United States and Russia represent the chief threat toward establish ing a normal peacetime atmos phere in the The declarations on Stalins birthday thus were taken to imply that Russia is ready to discuss with the such outstanding problems as atomic the fate of and peace treaty for Copyright Timei the wintry weeks was Is sued as the holiday travel season got under With railroads granted first call on industrial users and home owners will have to get along with the stocks are diminishing as a result of the threeday work week Lewis has for his United Mine work Serious Threat The government priority order or the railroads came from the itterstate Commerce which said the new system will go nto effect at local time at the mines Saturday and continue until midnight 25 unless The ICC said that railroads having less than nine days stocks on hand can obtain tonnage to meet their needs through certifi cation from the director of the agencys service PreCrisis Action Whether this wag a preliminary to a proclamation of a national emergency by Harry S Tru man remained to be At his news conference here Truman would not offer any opinion as to whether the coal miners short work week was caus ing a fuel The president reiterated that U any emergency develops he will take the necessary action to halt by seeking an 80 day injunction under the Taf t Hartley Which tip to now has avoided in the current coal Reserves Dwindle Coal retailers contend that an emergency exists now and say that they have been forced to ration supplies to home One of the major coalcarrying the Chesapeake and Thursday took over some of the coal it was transporting to replenish its fuel Other lines also reported that they have an insufficient amount on The Pennsylvania said It has about a two weeks while the New York Central said it has enough only for about 10 The Louisville and Nashville estimated it had coal for only about 11 or 12 days of normal op New Strike Lewis meanwhile announced that he had signed new contracts with mines producing tons a That brought the an nual tonnage he is under con tract to The normal annual output of bituminous coal for all mines is over During the next two holiday his UMW diggers will work only on Tuesday and Wednes Some observers here think that after that Lewis may pull his men out of the pits entirely to force the rest of the operators to meet his demands for a 15 daily wage and a 35c a ton contribution o the miners welfare and pension Thomas UMW vice meanwhile said tht threeday work week was a tem porary expedient designed to speed the contract He issued a statement saying that with no economic force at the chances are that we would be still negotiating next May without arriving at contractual Georgia Dean of Journalism Shot by Estranged Wife 23 Dean John Drewry of the Uni versity of Georgia school of jour nalism was shot Friday night by his estranged Police Cornelison Outside the bare fact that Drewry had been few details were Cornelison said Drewry had not been She was at the Athens General hospital awaiting the outcome of an emergency operation upon her The hospital reported was in an operating room under care of Harry is a past president of the American Association of Teachers of and uni versity administrator of the George Peabody radio He has been dean of the school of journalism at the University of Georgia since its founding in He is widely known in journalism and is the organizer and university director of both the Georgia Scholastic Press and the Collegiate Press A Phi Beta he was a srriSwr of the AuuvUietl Press staff in Atlanta for a brief time in He is the author of Concerning the Fourth Estate and Post Bi ographies of Famous The greying dean was coeditor with Frank Luther prominent midwestern jour nalism of several dealing with PER 1000 Nation Death Rate Dips To New Low 2S UPl The nation cut its death rate to the lowest point in history last the government reported It said heart diseases and cancer accounted for almost half of the While there were only 1033 fewer deaths in 1048 than in the previous the fatality rate dropped from 10 per 1000 popula tion to This is below the previous record low set in The declining death rate was accompanied by a rapid increase in the countrys population which now has passed the mark and is still On this point tne census bureau estimated the total population was on 1 this year and Is growing at a month The nations death for 1948 were supplied in a report from the office ef vital sUU which gave these Mrntijfettr A total of jseopto from heart diaeu from cancer and tumors others succumbed to cerebral hemorrhages sad other of the and ntrrowi This compares with the tJnited States fatality total World War H of Swamps Bury B50Torn By Air Blaze 28 UP force crews struggled through two miles of swamp to the blasted wreckage of a B90 bomber Friday and reported that all 11 men including the son of baseball immortal Rogers were Rogers Hornsby was navigator of the modified super fort Thursday night when It plunged into the salt marshes of the Savannah river The plane exploded and spouted an eerie swamp fire of flaming fuel over the area seven north east of Rescuers said that only four bodies were The other seven lay in the murky depths of a crater gouged out of the swamp by the exploding There was no chance that any Chatham field air force head quarters The bomber had taken off front he Chatham base were on a train ing flight to Ttxas Just five min utes before Chatham field identified the U victims as George pilot and commander of the air Capt An drew Rogers Hornsby navi 1st Lt Rob srt Birm Anthony radar Balti more 1st James Johnson flight Leonard flight Fred radio op New Manson Gamell Billy DallasGang Chief Slain Near Club 23 Jft Lota was shot and killed Friday night as he stepped out of night Sheriff Bill Decker said an usv known crouched down by a parked blasted Green as he walked toward Ms autooMklto about 1 Decker said Green was cntiy killed by ihotfiia ;