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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, August 02, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - August 2, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS iutermountain Network Station KALL Honda Thrnnrh WEATHER Partly cloudy with scattered showers Details on Page 23 110 SALT LAKE TUESDAY AUGUST 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Seeks Northwest Gate Files ICC Complaint Charging Union Pacific Throttles Trade An action seeking to open the Ogden rail gateway into Idaho and the Pacific northwest states to the Denver and Rio Grande Western railroad on a basis of competitive joint through rates was filed by the railroad Monday with the interstate commerce The directed primarily at the Union Pacific railroad but naming some 200 other rail carriers as charged that the Union Pacific has throttled competition inIdaho and other northwestern states by refusing to establish joint through rates into and from that territory with the The lack of such the complaint is contrary to national transportation policy and in violation of the interstate DOMAIN Stoddard Hits Suit As Rail Raid Tribune Union Pacific railroad vigorously will op pose the application filed Tuesday by Denver and Rio Grande Western railroad with the Inter state Commerce Commission for through rates via through the Ogden gateway on traffic to and from Mon Washington and British president of Union Pacific rail said Stoddard said the D R G W prOuuuui io ranted and definitely detrimental to the area Invasion Attempt It is an attempt by to invade a large ter ritory built up and served ex clusively by Union Pacific through the years by investment of mil lions of dollars in providing equip facilities and and to raid Union Pacifics traffic and revenues that he Stoddard said this traffic presently moves on Union Pacific main linethrough Colo Nebraska and Kansas the shortest fastest and most economical commerce Complaint Requests The complaining railroad asked the commission to Order the and other defendants to cease the alleged violations of the interstate com merce Require the and other defendants to establishjoint through rates with the D R G W into the closed door To determine and prescribe just and equitable divisions of such joint rates in the event the de fendants fail to establish such di vision Filing of the complaint in Wash ington was announced by officials at press con ferences in Salt Lake City and Lorol Slower Routing Inclusion of D R G W in the Clark Accepts High Court Bid by Chief McGrath Gives Okeh To Take Over As Attorney General 1 Tom Clark Monday formally ac cepted nomination to the supreme court and Howard McGrath agreed to take Clarks job as attorney Harry S Truman disclosed their acceptances as informally as he had announced the offer of the posts at last Thursdays news con Both appointments are subject to senate White House officials said the nomina tions will go to Capitol Hill Tues Jo Quit Seat McGrath will resign as Demo cratic senator from Rhode Island and as chairman of the Democratic national committee as soon as the senate approves iiis William Boyle onetime Kansas City police former Truman secretary and now party executive vice chairman at a is expected to replace Mc Grath as Democratic There had been little doubt that both Clark and McGrath would but until Monday Mc Graths comment had been non The result was much excitement The local press conference was conducted by vice and as sistant general traffic Wilson Sole purpose of this action is to permit fullest possible utiliza tion of all railroad facilities for all Choice of routes should be a matter for the shipper to de It is not in the public inter est to allow a single railroad to use the club of discriminatory freight rates to force traffic over its Deprived of Business The complaint set forth that as a result of the refusal of and other rail iines to establish joint through rates with the the latter railroad is deprived of an unknown amount of and particularly those moving products into and out of are deprived of a choice of The present would result in j creates a situation where and circuitous routing slower which entails unneces sary and wasteful transportation he In addition to these disadvan tages to the proposal would not contribute in any way to the development or maintenance of the territory involved in the way of taxes or pay Its real effect would be to take from the Union Pacific its recognized longhaul reward for expenses is has incurred in develop ingcommunities and providing service to the home Stoddard Butte Span Wreck Spills Train 1 eight car Union Pacific passenger bound from Butte to Salt Lake City was wrecked Monday night at a bridge over Divide 20 miles south of No passengers were injured but Engineer Ben Proctor of Lima suffered a crashed The locomotive spilled on its side and three cars were The bridge was badly The express car was switched astraddle Divide The age car was off the rails as was j For example the rate on combination railway postof1 apples from Boise to New York fice and baggage Cage Column 1 Chiefs of Staff Reach Accord With Italy on Defense Plan Traffic between Colorado common texritory and the closed donr territory in either direction must move over Union Pacific at Denver to obtain the lowest Discriminatory Rates Traffic between Utah common point territory and the closed door territory in either direction generally must move over Union Pacific the entire distance to ob tain the lowest Traffic between the east and the closed territory gen erally must move over Union Pa cific from Missouri river cross ings to obtain the lowest What the seeks is a combination joint through rate setup which will traffic to move over lines to the Ogden gateway and thence into the closed door territory at the same rate as is applicable to shipments reaching the Ogden gateway over Impose Higher Rates The complaint pointed out that traffic now can get into Idaho and other northwest territory but only under a combi nation ol local rates which are so much higher than the through rate as to prohibit such move 1 and Italian mili tary chiefs reported K satisfactory preliminary exchange of views Monday on how to fit Italy into western Europes defenses under the North Atlantic Italys army and navy chiefs of staff conferred for 75 minutes with the United States joint chiefs of staff in the tightly guarded war room of Frankfurts headquarters army chief of said Denfeld and the army and air force Omar Bradley and Hoyt displayed a friendship on which we can rely without Before seeing the Italians the Americans met with senior offi cers of the Luxembourg armed when McGrath walked into the White House Monday following a visit to Rhode Island where he conferred with friends land party Office to Office He was in conference more than 30 minuies in the presidents of Truman suddenly walked out and entered the office of William From Hassetts office he went into the office of Clark special But reporters intercepted Truman as he appeared in the lobby again and peppered him with He good naturecly dis closed the double barreled accept Clark attended a cabinet lunch eon at Blair house during the day and apparently gave his answer Will Step Down McGrath upon confirma tion as attorney to give up the party leadership and call a meeting of the national committee to elect his Usually the president in power dictates the apiortinn nf the national McGrath necessarily will resign as a member of the senate upon his confirmation by that Maxwell Taylor Looms as commandant in Howiey Quits Berlin Job As 1 Frank Jic Ameri lean commnndant of Berlin Marshall Asks Quick Okeh Of Arms Bill Tells House Group Tearful of Delay Seeks Firm Front 1 UP George Marshall urged congress Monday to send arms to western Europe tions I am very fearful of he Backingthe full administration program of mili tary assistance to friendly nations the wartime army chief of staff told the house foreign affairs com mittee it is just a beginning in establishing a firm front to fore stall any Russian Commit tee members have insistently asked witnesses how much cooperation for mutual defense could be ex pected from recipient Seek Assurance Some have spoken for positive assurance befors sup porting even a reduced arms pro Marshall said it would be a very dangerous thing to hold up on the program until congress is assured that western Europe has a program worked He said he doesnt believe there will be any difficulty in getting European na tions to Couldnt the program be cut Hitler Leaflets Enter West Reich Politics 1 of nazism entered western Germanys first federal election campaign Swastikadecorated leaflets call ing for the return of a Hitler were distributed in west Prussian German police re The pamphlets attacked Jews and present German political leaders and urged Germans to stay away frcm the pollu Police said they had no clues as to who may have distributed the Schacht Takes Fart One of Hitlers former cabinet Hjalmar made an impromptu plea for the defeat of socialism at a rally of the right wing German party Deutsche partei in The pow erful Socia Democratic party SPD advocates socializa tion of basic drew fire from rival Christian Democratic union Ludwig addressing a DU rally at Bochum in West blamed Britains economic troubles on her governing Labor partys socialistic He said the British military govern ments policies make life difficult or Germans in economic Bochum is in British occupa Erhard Hits ERP Eihard also criticized the Euro pean Recovery claiming t has failed to provide Germany with enough raw Socialism aiso speakers of the These were the first of scheduled I Konrad CDU party meetings by the joint chiefs with military leaders of the Atlantic No details were but to Paris and Vienna later there were some indications the opening talks revolved in part around Italys naval position in the Louis chief of naval pointed out to reporters atterwards that has a relatively small navy under her peace We havent worked out Italys this wsek for further E in i 1 i o Italian navy chief of com mented to newsmen on Dcn felds reference to his countrys depleted He said Italys naval forces now total about tons not in cluding tons of Italys 1946 peace treaty specified Denfeld but added that she could build no more there was a good understanding I battleships and could not maintain poHnin on both Efisio Italian more than tons in other warships in her in a speech at Osnar brueck in said the west from ucing po litically free under the occupa He added they have fewer rights than a Adenauer accused the British of favoring the Social Franz chairman of the Free Democratic party LDP fired another blast at the Euro pean Recovery like stands for pribatc en He told a rally in Dusseli dorf that ERP money is being misused to overindustrialize Eu to bow to Russian domina resigned Monday after four years of continuous duty in Uie troubled The 44yearold haired Irishman who won the re spect of the people he plans to return to private life In Phila delphia before the he was an advertising He hopes to leave by early Hits German Morale The loss of Howiey is expected to havG a depressing effect on German morale in western Berlin where the people have regarded him as a bulwark against cpmmu His retirement also will give the Ttla chines additional material for their charges that the western allies are withdrawing from It was this point which prompted high commissionerdesig nate John McCloy to announce that a highranking officer would be moved in to replace in formed sources These sources said Maxwell now chief of staff in Europe and Walter lurid Marshall advised Youre trying to start the engine formerly commandant at West would replace Second to Clay The hardboiled but goodna tured has been second only to Lucius Clay as the most colorful military figure in the postwar occupation history of He boasts he has spent more hours across the confer ence table from Russian officials than any other In accepting Howleys resigna McCloy said in the light of the service rendeied by the gen eral during a critical period in the history of the General Howiey is entitled to his prefer Courageous Leader MoCloy hailed Howiey as a cour ageous leader who performed out standing service both in combat and in postwar military govern and emphasized that his suc cessor would be a man whose standing would clearly represent an indication of the importance which the United States to the preservation of the freedom and welfare of the now on vacation in Ba submitted his resignation to McCloy last An announce ment iHcwleys said he made his original request for re lease before the Berlin but he felt it necessary to remain until the blockade was Unified Command Jacob Javits told Marshall he plans an amend ment requiring Harry S Tru man to reach agreements with signers of the Atlantic treaty that there bs a unified command in de fense of western Europe and other unification Marshall advised Javits that such requirement may lead us into something were not anxious Other witnesses before the com littee have declined public dis cussion o coordination of Defense Louis Johnson has said there would be ah Tinder standing and working agree Marshall noted that five western European Eng the Bl gium and have a unified Marshall said that eventually the men in the kremlin will de stroy themselves but this gen Uly Lakes soms He de clined to estimate the size oi lis arms program at full ABomb Output Hits Assembly Line Basis George We are just starting the AEC Says Huge Tonnages Of UraniumOre in View 1 bomb production reached an alltime high in the first six ironths of this year and is now on an assemblyline the Atomic Energy com mission reported It disclosed also that enormous tonnages of lowgradt uranium ores have been located in this country and could be used to produce Abombs in an emergency if foreign supplies of highgrade ores are cut The disclosures were contained in the commissions sixth semiannual report to The 203page report did not mention recent toplevel secret conferences on the question of sharing atomic infprmation with Britain and But it had a lot to say about the problem be United Attlee Stricken In British Dollar Crisis 1 Minister Clement Attlee joined two of his chier Labor government lieutenants on the sick list Mon day as Britain struggled through an economic The scholarly who was confined at his official country home near London with a bad his wife A spokesman 10 Downing prime ministers Lon don Attlee was hot aerials and construction of new seriously ill but gave no further details bf He said Attlee is keeping in hind the conferences States dependence on highgrade uranium ores from Canada and the Belgian Building Tin It said that reserves of semi processed ores are being steadily built up to assure continuity of Research is being pressed on new extraction meth ods to cut the cost of processing the lowgvade ores which abound in this And actions have been taken to improve and make more certain the supply of ore from The latter which was not presumably re erred to forthcoming negotiations with Britain and Canada for a longterm agreement on exchange of atomic information and divi sion of uranium The report similarly contained no direct reference to charges of incredible mismanagement Uic CCITilUiGwlOIl Dy Bourke Hickerilooper But nearly every section of the report read like an answer to All Phases Progress The commission reported con tinued progress in all phases the atomic project strengthened security reduced costs of production and improvements in the intricate system used to account for every gram of fissionable ma URANIUM RACE rope without proper market regard for Yanks in Europe Seen as Part Of West Setup 1 war planes and troops based in Ger many may become part of west ern Europes permanent defense organization under the Atlantic officers of the United States joint chiefs of staff indi cated Omar chief OL staff Of the sttiu uie mission of Germanbasod Amer ican troops probably would be worked out on the basis of in formation gathered during the tour Louis navy chief of and Gen Hoyt air force chief of are making in Eu Vandenberg slid that German based American air power prob ably would play a part similar to that of the army in the west ern European defense organiza Maragon Hits Raps Diplomat 1 John a key figure in the senates five percenter in Monday urged an investi gation of George former Democratic national treasurer and Henry present ambassador to The former Kansas City boot black who once was ft familiar White House told reportin government harness since the nnolifmn pnmnpr touchwithaffairs and there is no now of his delegating some of his Takes Bevin Duties The prime minister has been in for ailing Foreign ifirnest Bevin and chancellor of the exchequer Sir Stafford as we as carrying on his own Cripps is in a Swiss treatment of a chronic digestive who suffers from heart trouble and high blood pres is resting in a resort at Attlee apparently became ill shortly after making a blistering political attack against Winston Churchill at a rally Bevin and Cripps all came down sick at a time when the government is struggling with grave labor and economic prob lems and as the date for a gen eral election Elderly Statesmen Most of the leaders of Britains socialist experiment are in their 60s and all have been constantly ers the senate subcommittee checking his affairs should look into their part in the 1941 re organization of the old Dollar Steamship San Disgraceful Conduct He made the statement at an other impromptu news conference during which he also accused some memfcers of a 1946 mission to Greece of disgraceful con includingdrunkenness and fraternization with Maragon served on the who headed the mission and who now is in this country temporarily to work on the ad ministrations arms aid he had no idea what Maragon was driving He never talked to me about anybody on the mission drinking the veteran diplomat Lacks Knowledge He said he was equally at a loss over Maragons rsfsrcnce to the Dollar Steamship When the Dollar iines were reorganized by the Maritime commission in 1941 as the American President Grady was named xi6 iici LimL puat Unux uie sum mer of 1947 when he was ap pointed ambassador to Kil lion succeeded him as president of the steamship company and still holds that Chief Counsel William Rogers said the investigating subcom mittee had not received any com plaints about Grady or Killion and that is not investigating Maragon said Grady criticized him because he reported an orgy of drinking by some mission mem wartime coalition cabinet was formed in Their only period of comparative rest was a twomonth respite in 1945 when the country was run by a caretaker cabinet pending the general election that brought the socialists into The only one of the govern ments big four left in commis sion is Deputy Prime Minister Herbert But is not exactly hale and He was operated on a year ago But the emphasis was on the record output of newmodei bombs of the deadly Eniwetok Fissionable material is being produced in greater quantities than ever the report New and more effective atomic weapons Vhich weretested at Eniwetok in 1948 are in produc Under the commissions direc components of these weapons are being produced on an indus trial basis by competent manu facturing concerns or special gov ernment facilities throughout the In Costs Decrease 80 detailing what it called marked advance in the produc tion the commission said that units costs of producing uranium235 and plutonium atom bomb ingredients are now nearly 30 lower than they were in A commission spokesman em phasized that the location of large Britain Wants To Divide Congo Supply 1 seeking to break the American monopoly on atomic bomb are de manding onefourth of the Bel gian Congo uranium ore usually well informed sources said The Congo ore has shipped exclusively to atomic plants since the wars end under a Bel gianAmerican ex pired A source close to the company operating the Congo which reportedly produces 60 of the worlds said shipments of tha precious cro to the would be curtailed as of pending a new informed sources is pushing a request for 25 of the Belgian Congos production the mineral in1 aventure to pro duce its own homemade atom It was thit had expressed desire to renew the old agreement 6h ex clusive meant higher But it was not known whether Belgium was willing to renego tiate the BRIBE TRIED Charges Test Byrd Forces 1 UP of attempted bribery brought to a bitter close Monday a 13month campaign for gover nor which tests the political or ganization of Harry The voting Tuesday will be in the Democratic which amounts to election in this The big contest is among four can didates for supplies 01 Icrv uranium I Robert Hazeiwood charges ores in this country does not mean that the United States no longer needs the Canadian and Belgian He explained that domestic ores cost considerably more to process and would be usable on a large scale only if an such as made it necessary to take drastic measures regardless of The report held out little hope for quick development of atomic engines to drive planes and industrial power Although research is going for reactors for these the commision said that many prob Monday that he was last Friday to offered support for a thrombotic leg lems remain to be particu State candi date of the Byrd campaign manager for Remmie a Peters burg pen said the bribe was made by a Richmond He said he had agreed not to reveal the name of the man because he had pledged himself to secrecy before he knew the nature of the Hazelwoods charge drew a prompt telegram from head of one of the nations strongest state olitica Byrd de manded that Hazeiwood name the man and remove any suspicions that the senator knew of the ten So Page Column Z ttered HISTS RADIOACTIVE SNORT Atomic Cocktails Stop Cancer NEW 1 The regular drinking of an atomic cocktail which makes him for a time dangerously radio active to others has arrested what appeared to be a hopeless illness for 55yearold New an advertising and sales told his story of the results of atomic energys ap plication to medicine Monday in a national magazine A tumbler of what appeared to tasted Randall converted him from a stretcher case to such good health that he returned to work and had to watch his eating lest ne get After going to several Randall wastreated with radio active iodine at the Kingsbridge Veterans hospital in the Bronx Cor what at first seemed to be a broken suffered on when he slipped down a flight of The radioactive iodine was processed in the atomic energy commissions plant at Oak A minute examination revealed that Randall was suffering from thyroid gland The cancer cells from his throat had spread tn his sninft awav the vertebrae until it was only a shell when it was broken in the The cancer spread to his shoulder He took his first atomic cock tail last Although this contained 80 times as much radioiodine as the tracer it too looked and tasted like plain he I noticed the doctor and physicist kept their distance while I drank The next five days I spent in an isolation a sign on the door saying Ra Out A third cocktail one a month is sufficient enabled Randall to ifo home for Thanksgiving but he was warned to stay away from his 15yearold By Janu he was well enough to place a heavyplaster cast with a light brace and to return The veterans hospital called a conference of prominent to show their with Geiger placed hear his throat or off the telltale The army doctors explained to Randall that the thyroid crave even radioactive io The thyroid infected with attracted tie rmulo active liquid and the cancer wu The radio otl the equivalent of powerful The magazine Mid or the CMC had approved authoritiM of J ;