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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, April 29, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 29, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intelmountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Showers and cooler north and west Saturday Details on Page 29 VOL 159 NO 15 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH FRIDAY MORNING APRIL 29 1949 Board Asks Hike In Mine Rail Pay Fact Finders Recommendation Calls for Boost of a Day US Still Open To Reason Acheson Says Warns Nation Wont Junk Principle For Reich Accord PRICE FIVE CEFTS NEW YORK April 28 UP SENATE VOTE FORT WORTH April 28 daily pay increase of was recommended Thursday by a federal factfinding for workers operating trains inside the Bingham Utah mine Secy of State Dean G Acheson of Kennecbtt Copper Corp said Thursday night the United Details of the board recommendations were disclosed here States is ready to its utmost j to reach an agreement with Rus sia on the future of Germany but will not bargain away basic prin ciples He said that if a new Big Four meetinggrows out of the current talks with Russia about lifting the Berlin blockade this country will sincerely seek a mutually satis factory solution of what is plain ly one of the most crucial prob lems in world affairs Clear Notice But he gave the Soviet union Thursday night by Benjamin Aaron Los Angeles a member Dr William H Spencer chairman earlier Thursday announced the general terms from Chicago Aaron said 96 cents of the recommended raise was intended to place the mine railroad men on an equal footing with other com pany employes who have been given a similar increase The remaining per day Aaron said would partially elim inate the gap between wages paid trainmen in the mines and those who operate between the mines and smelters Had Asked The of Locomotive Firemen and Engineers had asked a daily raise of for the workers The federal board was named after a strike that halted production atjjthe mine from Oct 24 1948 to Feb 4 of this year Aaron explained that our rec ommendation was limited specifi cally to the wage dispute He said the report contained a list of conclusions reached by the boardv But he referred all queries on these conclusions to Dr Spen cer It was understood however that the boaid felt that a system of job evaluation would be the ulti mate solution to the copper com panys labor problems Aaron said the boards recom mendations were handed simul taneously to union and company officials Aaron is In Fort Worth for hearings at an aircraft fac tory For 811 Members The recommended wage hike Was made for 311 members of the brotherhood In Chicago Spencer inted put the factfinding board body and not GOP Scores In Drive On Spending WASHINGTON April 28 Economyminded senate Repubii cans scored a victory Thursday in cer their drive to trim Pres Harry S tain principles on which the Trumans fiscal 1950 budget and states is not prepared to plimitiatp thp npen for tax in 41 eliminate the need for tax in creases They picked up enough Demo cratic votes to approve 44 to 37 s motion by Sen Robert A Taft Sen Arthur V Watkins R Utah voted to recommit the laborsecurity money bill Sen Elbert B Thomas D Utah voted against recommittal dispute are bound to accept the findings The board proposed that the 96 cent per day Increase be retro activeto July 1 1948 and the R O to return the 000 Labor departmentfederal se curity appropriations bill to the appropriations committee with in structions to cut reducible items an average of The actual reduction would be less than but the vote was the first big test in efforts by the economy bloc to trijn ap j compromise even for the sake of a German settlement Those principles he said are that the security of the rest of Europe must be protected and that the western power efforts to revive democracy and economic stability in Germany must be maintained Acheson spoke at the 27th an nual dinner of the bureau of ad vertising of the American News paper Publishers Assn His speech carne only one day after U S Ambassador at Large Philip Jessup and Soviet U N Delegate Jacob Malik met here to discuss Russian hints that the Berlin blockade will be lifted if the western powers end their counter blockade and will set a wont be necessary to balance the budget The laborfederal secur ity bill was the first regular spending measures to reach the senate floor Pres Truman has called for a tax increase this increase be retroactive to Feb 4 1949 The strike threw 4500 miners and smelter workers out of work and cut the nations copper out put by nearly one third The third member of the fact finding board was Peter M Kelli her also of Chicago Kennecott Union Waiting Report Officials of the Kennecott Cop per Corpand the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Engi neers late Thursday were await ing official reports of a federal factfinding board which Picom mended that train operators at Bingham mines be given a per day wage boost The board conducted hearings in Salt Lake City from March 28 to April 1 and the raise it reci the worst railroad disaster in the propriations so a tax increase date for a Big Four foreign min isters conference on Germany Futile Meets He noted that the Big Four for eign ministers already haveheld two futile meetings in Moscow aiid London on the German prob year to keep the government j lem These talks failed he as books in balance Sen Homer E Fergrison R fightesti mated that the 5 average cut would saveabout The senate committee already had added more than 000 to the total fixed by the house and the senate itself put in another on Wednes Truman Cracks Whip On Rebels in Party v Ponders Puzzler in Senate Meeting Defense Secy Lbais B Johnson touches his head as he ponders ques tion during testimony before senate group favoring Atlantic pact West Arms Opposed At Defense Expense WASHINGTON April 28 UP the armsforEurope program day The ordered reduction would not apply to statutory expense items which make up the bulk of the laborfederal security budgets If the cut har been acrossthe board it would have taken more than from both agencies 74 Die 92 Hint In Rail Crash JOHANNESBURG South Afri ca April 28 triple train collision killed 74 persons and in jured 92 others Thursday was ommended is a little more than half the increase originally asked by the BLFE It corresponds however to a compromise figure once agreed to by the union but rejected by the corporation Copies Mailed Copies of the recommendation were mailed Wednesday to the disputants as well as to Dan Ed wards conciliator in the state in dustrial commission said Dr Wil liam H Spencer Chicago board chairman Recipients were await ing delivery of the documents be fore commenting If the boards recommendations are accepted by both the corpora tion and the union one of the most costly laborindustry dis putes in Utahs history will be See Page 2 Column 6 history of the union of South Africa Three electric trains all headed in the same direction crashed into one another on a high em bankment near Orlando in Natic township 10 miles from Johan nesburg Two of the trains were stand ing on the track when the third train came around a bend The moving train crashed into becauseRussia tried to thwart any settlement which did not concedevirtual1 Soviet control over German economic sad polit ical life Should it prove possible to ar range for renewed fpufrpower dis cussions this government will do its utmost asit has iri the past to arrive at a settlement There are certain principles however the observance of which is essential in our view to any satisfactory solution of the Ger man problem Western Germany He then promised the people of western Germany that the United States will never agree to any German settlement which fails to include the basic safeguards and benefits of the separate west German republic which the United States Britain and France have been planning The people of Europe may rest assurred that this government will agree to noarrangements con cerning Geirmany which do not i Defense Secy Louis Johnson as erted Thursday that U S de ense spending cant be cut any more even to cover the cost of arms shipments to Europe to jack up the North Atlantic Se curity pact Testifying before the senate for eign relations committee he urgec congress to assure strong for the United States inpeacepr warby ratifying But he said arider questioning that he wouid prefer to see otcctthe seeufHy interests of the European said community he the rear of the first stationary which would be applicable to Ger train ramming it into the one just ahead The two rear coaches of the train in the middle of the three way crash were telescoped A coach on the train farthest ahead on the line also telescoped into its leading motor unit Forty pas sengers were crushed to death in this coach alone it Unless Russia will agree to a plan for reuniting Germany which meets these tests he made plain the Western powers will go ahead with their present moves to set up a separate state in the western occupation zones But Acheson emphasized that the plans for a west German re public do not mean we have abandoned hope of a solution many as a whole or that we are barring a resumption of discus sions looking toward such a solu He said the United States is ready to talk with Russia about Germany whenever it might ap pear that there was any chance of success in reaching an agree ment AIMED AT PRESIDENT Huks Kill 11 Quezon Widow Manila Friday April 29 Mrs Aurora Quezon widow of the Philippines first president was among 12 persons killed Thursday in an ambush that may have been aimed at Pres Elpidio Quirino The dead included Mrs Quezons unmarried daughter Maria Aurora 33 and her soninlaw Felipe Buencamino in 28 Machine gunners riddled the Quezon car on a lonely mountain road 83 miles by air northeast of Manila Ten persons were wounded Pres Quirino at the summer capital in Baguio declared he be lieved the killers were simply bandits Manila newspapers however suggested that it may have been a trap by the Communistled Huk balahaps intended Quirino himself to slaughter Quirino had been invited to ac company the Quezon party on a trip to Baler to unveil memorial to the late Pros Manuel Quezon pines was traveling ahead to avoid but had sent word at the last min ute that he could not go It had been well known that Mrs Quezon and ajoarty of high of ficials would make the motor trip Thursday This added to the im pression that the attack was premeditated The Manila Times reported that before the Quezon party was am bushed 30 trucks on the road sev eral kilometers east were held up apparently to prevent them blundering into the trap Pres Quirinc ordered a full scale campaign against the killers by the army and constabulary The Quezon party o 12 cars in cluding constabulary guards left Manila at am for Baler seat of the province named for the late Pres Quezon The station wagon occupied by Mrs Quezon 60 her relatives and Maj Gen Rafael Jalondoni for mer chief of staff of the Philip the choking dust Jalondoni who was injured re turned to Manila Thursday night and gave this account of the tragedy As we neared the border of Quezon province about am shots in rapid succession were fired at our car We stopped at once The at tack was so sudden that the first thing I knew Mrs Quezon slumped over me Mayor Pinciano Bernardo of Quezon City one of those shouted Dona Aurora is in our party This was an attempt to halt the attack as Mrs Quezon was widely known and respected throughout the area Then Bernardo himself was shot I pulled my gun and was about to use it when someone suddenly appeared by the side of SeePageS Column 2 Reds Capture Key China Defense Huh SHANGHAI China Friday April 29 Communist armies driving on Hahgchow to cut Shanghai off from south China captured Wooshin vital government defense bastion 40 miles north of Hangchow Thurs day garrison headquarters an nounced Other Red forces reached posi tions 25 miles west of Hangchow in an encircling movement as a separate eastern spearhead of a huge twinpronged thrust aimed at surrounding Shanghai bided its time above and to the east of Chinas major city official dis patches reported Seized by Beds But one city within 35 miles of Shanghai apparently was in Com munist hands A third Red detachment In the Hangchow area battle dashed into Shaofeng 40 miles northwest of Hangchow Wukang 25 miles to the west apparently was in Com munist hands government dis patches admitted Wukanes com munications were severed during the night The fall of Wukang Shaofeng and Wooshin means that the two Dig Communist forces that bridges the Yangtze at widely separated Nanking and Wuhu had linked for the first time to present a united front against Hangchow the rail link between Canton and Shanghai The Shanghai garrison an nounced little change in the situa tion along the governments de fense line above the city from Quinsari to Woosung Awaiting Signal Military officials said it was behaved the northern prong was awaiting the capture of Hangchow as a signal to move on Shanghai Some minor engagements were reported north of Shanghai The garrison said the Red amphibious troops landed at Hupu Fushan and Paimoa east of Nanking in probing actions and were engaged by Nationalist troops Wei tang midway betwen cap tured Soochow snd Quinsan and 85 miles from Shanghai was re ported uiider attack and the gar rison saiditwas believed Weitang probably had been capturad by dawn Thursday morning A housetohouse routing out oi suspected Communist agents was begun in Shanghai as fears arose that the city of 6000000 might fall from within by Red induced chaos and underground activities scrapped entirely rather than have it paid for by cuts in the 515000000000 budget of the U S armed forces as some con gressmen have proposed Warren Austin chief American delegate to the United Nations also testified in support of the United Nations as Russia has charged the pact would strengthen the world or ganization by erecting a shield against fears of Cut Future Expense Johnson said that after a few the military strength of other pact nations has been built up the added security provided by the alliance may make it possible for XT S defense forces to reduce their own spending But he said that at least during the next year and the year after that this country must continue to spend at about the present rate for its own defenses Sen H Alexander Smith R N J asked Johnson to choosa between an arms program fi nanced by a cut in domestic mili tary spending and no arms pro gram at al Vonifi Cripple Defense Id take the for our own defense Johnson replied We cant cut it a bil lion without crippling the national military establishment He said some of the arms which he administration plans to ship tot IJIurope would be drawn from reserve stocks in this country but we arent going to give them any junk equipment Were go ng to give them the best He said the armed forces will insist on full reimbursement for all items drawn out of their reserves so they can be replaced Truman Feels Russ Acting 111 Good Faith WASHINGTON April 28 Pres Harry S Truman buoyed hopes Thursday for an early end to the eastwest deadlock over Berlin saying he believes the Soviets are acting in good faith in negotiations to lift the blockade He told a news conference he thinks the situation is encourag ing Although the president did not go beyond those terse comments they contributed to a growingfeel ing of confidence here that the thorny Berlin crisis is rapidly nearinga solution Basis for Optimism Diplomatic authorities however interpreted Mr Trumans remarks as basis for optimism only in re gard to the blockade dispute They Indicated that if and when an agreement is worked out to lift the yearold transport carrier from the German capital it will then throw open the broader prob lems of Germanys future for con sideration of the Big Four Euror pean foreign ministers dbuhcil As the western powers waited for Moscow to make the next wove on the Berlin question these were other developments 1 Diplomats of six western na tions signed an agreement in Lbn don setting up international con trol of Germanys rich Ruhr val ley where its prized industries are centered Russia which wantsa hand in the Ruhr control was ig nored in the new pact signed by representatives of the United States Britain France Belgium The Netherlandsand Luxembourg News Dispatch 2 An Associated Press dispatch from Moscow said diplomats there Loss of Patronage Faces Those Voting April 28 HaVry S Truman cracked his patronage whip Thursdayandbeckoned Democratic lawmakers to lineup on the partyplatform The first test of party support of thes adf ministrations bill to repeal the TaftHartley labor a news conference He made it clear thatother planks in the Democratic platform are going to count too And he left an unspoken implication that strayaway Demo crats are going to find their plates missing when the patronage pie is sliced How about that reporters asked Wait and see the head Democrat replied News Gets to the Capitol The news got to the capitol right away Rep Hebert D a states rights Democrat yelled out house that the presidentwas putting a purchase tag on congressmens votes The presidents policy announce ment sharply it did not atatemerit oa pa tronage delivered Wednesday by Sen J Howard McGrath of Rhode Island tbMDwBocrattenational chairman HcGrath had proclaimed that the voting records of con gress members wouldnt greatly affect their influencein matters Observing with a grin that what he had said was as far as Truman doctrine had goae at thattame McGrath added The president has his own STINGS DIXIE Solqns Writhe As Truman Cracks Whip WASHINGTON Apill 28 Southern Democrats iuseS Pres Harry S Truman Thursday of putting a patronage purchase tag oh congressional votes for the administrations bil to repeal the TaftHartley law In the house a stormy row per ceptibly widened the breach be tween and southern Democrats With spectators galleries jam packed Dixie lawmakers shoutet Trumans of who makes the appointments Mr Truman told his news con ference that loyal Democrats those who support the party plat he described as the law of the elec tion as well as before Congress He added that how congress mssjbefs vote will tie thetest tipns in n xthejrv negotiations arme3 iBriQshmUi Seepages is On Economy WASHINGTON April 28 NYT The sbc Republican members of the congressional joint committee on the economic report Thursday unanimously branded this presi dentially sponsored program as a proposal that we set up n this country a planned and controlled economy and increase taxation for that purpose The economic report as pre pared by Pres Harry S Trumans economic advisers srd tiftiisitiitted to the congress with his full bless ing constituted an omnibus pro gram based on the asserted pre mise that the federal government must have broad controls to fight either depression or inflation Among its immediate objectives were the raising of in additional con Press Conference his press conference Mr Truman had indicated bluntly that senators and who fajl to vote for repeal of the two yearold labor law will have little to say about federal patronage plums The presidential whip cracked where it hurt among southerners who have joined Republicans in fighting the administrations re peal measure in the threedayold house debate over writing a new labor law Rep John Rankin shouted D This attempt to browbeat mem bers of congress into voting for vicious legislation is the most contemptible conduct I have ever known I the fiery Mississippian thundered into the loudspeaker move rophone to is vemocraHcTlSinsuster it is their loyalty Th3siest comi ttn thifJjtfl he addeivin reply te Stl question When a reporter asked the plan was to deny patronage to lawmakers who supported ThurmondWright 1 ticket said Wait and see how the thing works out the question Will answer itself as tune goes on State righters vigorously op Josed Mr Trumans civil rights jrogram as most of the soutfussf Democrats in congress sMl do Although Pres Truman told his news conference he not ex ect to send any special message o congress en civil rights Mc Srath dropped four such the senates hopper during the day McGrath told a reporter r these represent the adnihiistratiohs jrbgram But he would not fore cast whether they will be brojight up for senate action this session a Rep F EdwardHebert DLa raised the cry of patronage pur chase He said Mr Truman had been asked whether house votes on the TaftHartley dispute would tempted Rep John Rankin Miss claimed that he was the trols over bank and consumer with new arms Sen Millard E Tydings asksd If drawing on U S reserves would not temporarily weaken this country Johnson replied that no arms will be released for shipment until the joint chiefs of staff say we have the needs of the hour Hidden Pay Roll Worth To S Toiler WASHINGTON April 28 UP The chamber of com merce of the United States re ported Thursday that the aver age American worker received more than above his regu lar wages in 1947 through paid vacations pension premiums and other nonwage benefits It said there has been no general recognition of the im portance of such nonwagebene fits as payments on pension premiums life insurance old age and survivors insurance workmens compensation dis counts on goods bought pay ments for time not worked and nonproduction bonuses It these payments amount to 205c an fiour for the aver age workers The report en titled The HWden Payroll said such payments add 15 to the average companys wage credit and standby controls over production of key commodities Several Weeks Hearings on the report were held for several weeks At their end the majority of the committee Democrats headed by Jo seph OMahoney D dorsed the entire report in general but withheld an opinion on the taxation recommendation Thursdays minority report which has been almost two months in preparation was signed by Sen Robert ATaft Ralph E Flanders Vermont and Ar thur Watkins and Repre sentatives Jesse Woleolt Michi Robert F Rich Pennsyl and Christian A Herter The Republican minority rec ommended that government pro cedure in relation to credit con trols be continued along present lines through the federal reserve i board with an alert watch against development of monopolies Greatest Threat The minority said that the greatest threat to the stability of our economy and the prosperity of the United States lies inthe con stantly increasing burden of gov ernment taxation On the positive side it recom mended that economies be under taken to balance thebudget in the next fiscal year rather than as sessment of new taxes that a pub lic works program be used asva lever against either inflation or deflation that price supports be continued for agriculture that the government endeavor to stabil ize the housing industry and that careful study be given to the new tradepicture in which imports into the United States appear to have an important part iit j wuuiu have any effect oh the uiaL iJd was LUV XiXfib victim of the aiimihistrationii out of patronage patronage policy He iia The answer Hebert said rights advocate and an ar in the affirmative How you critic of the presidents civil on this matter will program r whether you get jobs Is your said for sale for jobs Julian 3iGardher for ap Test to as postmaster Columbus had been ig With the clash still going v steam and tempers getting C Burke first assistant by the minute the house adjourned at pm EDT withthe first test vote on the labor hilt v general previously liad announced that W t McBEfoy wouldbecome acting postmaster come Iv McElrpy is the f aither of The major test is expecteu Friday or possibly Saturday with Dorothy Vredenburg secretary of Democratie national vote on a bill by Rep John but McGrath told i Wood D Ga which would1 sub stitute ror the he perrsonaliykriew nothing about the appoihtjaentin ad bill sponsored by Rep John ski D Mich McGrath leftJittie measure would kill TaftKartJey act in narce but that tain many of its major makes The Lesiaski bill would1 junk ssrne attltude apparently TaftHartley law almost to Regj Hebert who pletely and revive the old his colleagues Is your vote Wagner act with some sale for jobs r m T M If 11 To Mme Soong Held in F L if SAN FRANCISCO April 28 UP Ths label on the box read head ache tablets But when customs agents heard a nohmedicinal rattle they opened the box Harvey BRiiey adeputy collector of customs said Thurs day they found beads and sequins being sent to Mrs T V Soorig wife tit one of Chinas richestmen For me I bother to carry them home said But1 if those beads were going to Madame T V Soong I dont Imagine they would be cheap Tim customs service ordered the beads appraised and summoned K L Kwong president of the San Francisco branch of the Bank of Canton for an explanation Riley saidKwpngi explained the box got so waahjt aiiy vniedicine secretary Miss A Lowe added that she should have changed the label to read beads but forgot Riley said he was turning data over to theIT S pffice for a decision The package was intercepted at Sari Francisco international airport bound to Formosa T V Soong is the brother of Madame Chiang Kaishek the generalissimo The Soonps have taken refuge on Formosa as the fightdeeper intoChina Soong is one the Com munisU war criminal lint ;