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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, April 22, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 22, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intermountain Network Station K4LL Throuih Prlda WEATHER Partly eloudy Friday warmer Details M Pate tS VOL 159 NO 8 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH FRIDAY MORNING APRIL 22 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS China Reds Leap Yangtze Barrier Invading Horde Captures Outposts Within Three Miles of Nanking COMBINED FROM AP AXD UP NANKING China Friday April than 10000 Communist soldiers threw a bridgehead across the Yangtze river into Nationalist territory Thursday and captured the big Nationalist naval base of Kiangyin Advance units of the three Communist armies of 1500000 men engaged in the allout on against the Nationalist capital already were reported to have speared to within three miles of Nanking The communication told Ameri cans here that the embassy was In no position to furnish either emergency protection or emer gency evacuation There is no assurance Nanking will be spared either civil disturb ances or military assault the embassy warned bluntly Swarm Across Yangtze Communist infantrymen swarmed across the Yangtze in junks sampans bamboo rafts and barrels to wipe out thinlyspread defenders and capture a 20mile etretch of beach 60 miies south vest of Nanking Kiangyin one of the major prizes of the lower Yangtze valley is 85 miles east of Nanking Pukow directly across the river from Nanking was attacked by Red assault and armored forces at dawn The movement was a giant pincer extending over nearly a 200 mile stretch of the river with Nanking as its focal point Com munist high command orders were out to liberate all of China Isolation Penetration of China southward from the beachhead between Wuhu 60 miles southwest of Nan king and Tikang SO miles south west of the capital would isolate Shanghai and Nanking from south China An unconfirmed report said red troops had crossed the Yangtze 40 miles east of Nanking and rail way authorities said all train traf fic between the national capita and Shanghai had been halted Meantime Generalissimo Chiang Kaishek emerged from retirement to confer with top leaders of the Nanking government It is be lieved Chiang may be considering resuming command of the Na tionalist armies Planes began to take off Friday morning from Nanking airfields carrying Nationalist government officials south to their contem plated provisional capital at Can ton Communist advance units al ready have probed to within three miles of Nanking although no shells thus far have fallen in the city officials feared the main beachhead or new breaches might be exploited and that Nankings air fields and air corridors would be brought under artillery fire 30000 Reds Poised One authoritative source said the crossing at Wuhu which com pletely surprised Nationalist de fenders had put 30000 Red troops in position to strike at Nanking The best reliable estimates placed the number of men at 10000 Military officials were uncertain whether there had been any other major crossings of the wide Yangtze The government claimed that Nationalist troops under Gens Wangchih and Tang Enpo were surrounding the bridgehead be tween Wuhu and Tikang The Communists preceded their bridgehead thrust Nationalist dis patches admitted with a barrage of 100 field pieces They then threw across wave after wave un tile 4000 men had established the beachhead with heavy casaulties Nationalist naval and air force fighters took part but were unable to stem the flow of troops Acting Pres Li Tsungjen of fered his resignation after formally rejecting the Communists 24hmir surrender ultimatum but a reli able source said Chiang Kaishek had refused to return to power Reports from Canton said ex See Page 2 Column 4 Mao TzeTung Red chief tells troops to liberate all China Meet Praises Reds Flays U S Policies PARIS April 21 at the Communist dominated World Peace congress Thursday denounced war the U S State de partment and Yankee imperial ism and praised peace Prime Miinster Josef Stalin and the Soviet Union Meanwhile the State depart ment in Washington placed its own label on the conference A department statement said the meeting here is one of a series designed to make people think that the Soviet Union alone favors peace Similar Conference The statement pointed out that many ot those participating in the current sessions were active in a similar conference in New York last month A group of nonCommunist leftists in Paris assailed the peace congress as onesided They band ed together as the Democratic Revolutionary Rally and developed plans for a world peace organiza tion of their own beginning with a double mass meeting here April 30 At the Communistinspired con gress in the Salle Pleyel speaker after speaker attacked the North Atlantic treaty the Marshall plan for European recovery and Ameri can policy in general There were a few kind words for the Ameri can people as distinguished from their government Wont Fight Soviets Konni Zilliacus leftwing British legislator said the workers of Britain will not fight or be dragged into fighting against the Soviet Union When the applause of the 2000 delegates rrom more than 30 nations subsided Zilliacus said That is why the New China is victorious The workers will not let themselves be turned into a blood bank for politicians incapa ble of solving their problems in any other way Once Zilliacus a member of the British Labor party veered far enough to remark that the blame for the Berlin crisis was mixed and distributed on both sides Red Shells Two More British Ships Navy Counts 39 Dead Rallies Forces Counterattacks By ARTHUR M GOUL j SHANGHAI April 21 UP j Chinese Communists blasted two more British warships on the Yangtze river Thursday and the royal navy rushed another heavy cruiser and a destroyer to the scene In London it was reported that rocketfiring RAF planes in Ma laya have been alerted for pos sible action against the Commu nists Twelve British sailors were killed aboard the heavy cruiser London Thursday and approxi mately 60 wounded 15 them seriously bringing the twoday death total to 39 with at least 83 injured No casualty figures were an nounced for the damaged frigate Black Swan the fourth British warship shot up by Red artillery in two days of running gunfights Damaged Ships Three of the damaged British ships reached Shanghai Thursday They were the London the Black Swan and the destroyer Consort shelled Wednesday when she tried to rescue a fourth ship the sloop Amethyst disabled in the Yang tze 60 miles below Nanking her 17 dead still aboard Official announcements placed the dead at 12 aboard the London 17 abroad the Amethyst and 10 aboard the Consort Many of the wounded were reported in serious condition An RAF Sunderland flying boat meanwhile landed on the Yangtze beside the crippled Ame thyst transferred a doctor and medical supplies aboard under heavy gunfire1 and then took off safely for Hong Kong The British embassy its flags at half staff asked Communist authorities in Peiping to halt the shelling The third secretary of the embassy E Youde volun teered to enter Communist ter ritory with a similar request 10000Ton Cruiser The 10000ton cruiser London showed considerable surface dam age when she docked Thursday at Pootung across the Whangpoo river from Shanghai but little serious injury The Black Swan also showed surface scars Apparently the London made a gallant try to rescue the Ame thyst before she was ordered back to Shanghai Both sides of the heavy cruiser were pocked with shell marks where she had run See Page 2 Column Z Hit Senate Passes Bill on Housing Slum Clearance by 5713 Vote South Coal Producers Advise Lewis to Soft Pedal Bids WASHINGTON April 21 tffi The Southern Coal Producers Assn advised John L Lewis Thursday to go easy with his de mands this year or coal might be priced right out of the market The association thus beat the United Mine Workers president to the first punch in the 1949 con tract contest It made its appeal in a formal request for early nego tiations on new agreement to replace the present contract which expires June 30 Lewis has already called his 200 man policy committee together here next Monday to frame the unions new demands Lewis had no immediate comment on what the southern association president Joseph E Moody told him Moody formally notifying Lewis ef expiration of the agreement fix weeks from now appealed for I a cooperative attitude in work ing out a new one We want the negotiations to produce a sound workable and fair contract so that this great in dustry of ours can not only main tain its present competitive posi tion but improve it greatly Moody said Speculation on the unions new demands have dealt with pos sible 20c increase in the tonnage royalty on coal production The royalty which finances the unions health and welfare fund is now 20c Lewis also is believed think ing about asking a shorter work week in place of the present basic 40 hours The southern association which mines 30 of the nations soft coal acted alone in the contract termination notice but Moodys statement said the notice did not prevent working with other opera tor groups on a contract Plan on Atlantic Arms Given Policy Group WASHINGTON April 21 of State Dean Acheson laid before the senate foreign relations committee Thursday pro gram to spend about in the next year to help re arra North Atlantic pact nations furnished to other nations to bring the total estimated foreign arms outlay to for the year beginning July 1 Chairman Tom Connally D who announced the pro LOOK FOR PAL Trio Sentenced By Greece In Polk Death SALONIKA Greece April 21 threejudge court Thurs day sentenced a Greek newspaper man Gregory Staktopoulos to life imprisonment and two fugi tive Communists to death for the killing of American radio corre spondent George Polk The Communists Adam Mou zenides and Bvangelos Vasvanas were tried in absentia The prose cution described Mouzenides as the trigger man Greeces Commu nistled rebels have contended that Mouzenides and Vasvanas were killed in action before Polk was slain last May Former Communists Staktopoulos a former Commu nist was convicted by a jury of being an accessory to the mur der The verdict said he was in nocent of premeditation His 68yearold mother Anna was acquitted at the request of the prosecution She also had been charged with being an accessory The mother and son wept when the sentence was pronounced Polk 34 was a correspondent for the Columbia Broadcasting system His trussedup bulletrid dled body was pulled from Sa lonika bay last May 16 A few days earlier he had begun an attempt to make contact with Markos Vafiades then head of the Communist rebels to get a news story from the guerillas side of the line in the Greek civil war Markos since has been purged from the guerilla leadership Killed in Boat The prosecution said Polk was killed in a boat in the bay after he consented to be blindfolded and bound as part of his effort to get through to Markos Polk a native of Fort Worth Tex had spent two years in the Middle East as C B S chief cor respondent Before the war had worked as a newspaperman in Alaska Shanghai and Paris as well as in the United States During World War II he served as a navy fighter and divebomber pilot and was wounded seriously in the Solomons Opera Singer Shot Down In Alleyway ATLANTA April 21 Metropolitan opera tenors death scene was set by police Thursday at midnight in a darkened auto mobile in the warehouse district The victim shot in the left side was identified by City Del J M Pack as Hans J K Gareis 36 who sang under the name of John Garris Garris body was found early Thursday carefully laid out in a cindery alley Pack said two people reported hearing two pistol shots around midnight about a block from the alley in which Garris was found Duo Hears Car The two said Pack reported hearing an automobile drive away immediately thereafter Garris was reported to have boarded a Memphisbound special train carrying1 other members of the opera company at pm but a porter on the train reported Garris left his car after placing his baggage aboard He told the porter he was going to play cards with friends in Atlanta The train was not scheduled to leave here until 3 am A dozen detectives traced Gar ris last movements here and two others flew to Memphis to inter cept the train carrying the opera company Look for Pal E I Hilderorand detective superintendent wired Memphis po lice to look for a close male friend of Garris Thevspecial was in two sections The two Atlanta officers met the first section when it arrived in Memphis The car contained the ballet group the chorus and tech nical workers All but four per sons left the train They were being questioned The company had just completed a threenight stand in Atlanta and was slated to make a single ap pearance in Memphis The first news of Garris death reached the operas general man ager Edward Johnson when re porter Carolyn Breaux of the Tri nities Daily boarded the train at Sheffield Ala The case broke when a Negro porter Love Thomas came upon Garris body Det Pack said Garris body was laid out almost as if he were resting between acts The blond singers feet were crossed casually and his hands thrown back as if asleep Garris was in his shirtsleeves with a bullet hole through the fleshy part of his left arm and left side Pack said the mans identifica tion papers money and watch were untouched Young Liberals Picket Capitol To Push Program LANSING Mich April 21 than 100 members of the Young Progressives staged a brief sitdown in Gov G Mennen Williams office Thursday Contending they had been de nied an interview with the gov ernor the young people flooded into the executive offices and announced they were going to stay until Williams saw them Upon Williams return the group demanded he take posi tive action to force the legisla ture to enact fair employment practice legislation and other liberal matters Many of the group were sit ting and lying on the executive office floor Later the demonstrators largely from Detroit sang songs and organized a picket line on the capitol front porch gram after a five hour closed com mittee meeting said the overall program includes aid for Greece and Turkey Surplus Use Likely Connally told reporters that the is a ceiling on the military outlay to Atlantic pact nations but it may not be neces sary for congress actually to au thorize or appropriate all of that amount He said in answer to questions that the figure includes surplus equipment that may be transferred to the nations and because of this the appropriation may not be near ly as high as the ceiling Connally said that there is no available information at present as to what percent of the 000000 will be in the form of surplus equipment The committee received in formation Connally said in a pre pared statement indicating that the cost of the overall military assistance program for fiscal 1850 will be approximately 000 I want to emphasize that this is the total amount contemplated for all military assistance pro grams including Greece and Tur key Military aid to the North At lantic states under the pact will be Bill in AUU Connally announced that pub lic hearings on the North Atlantic Security treaty signed here by 12 jtiations April 4 will open at am EST next Thursday Acheson was reported to have told the senators that a bill is being prepared to cover the pro posed program The bulk of the money would go to strengthen European nations which joined in the Atlantic treaty now awaiting ratification Meanwhile Pres Harry S Tru man told a news conference that no peace feelers from Russia have come his way Police Wound Bank Thief In Gun Battle INDIANAPOLIS April 21 UP 30yearold Florida fugitive wanted for a Memphis bank robbery was wounded critic ally in a gun duel with federal agents in the heart of Indianapo lis business district Thursday night and captured by police later after he fled in a taxi Clyde Milton Johnson who es caped from Dade county jail in Miami Fla six weeks ago opened fire on FBI agents who waited for him to leave a downtown hotel Fled From Hotel Johnson fled with gun in hand from the Washington hotel west on Washington st and then into Monument circle center of the business district Although wounded seriously he hailed a taxi and escaped City police picked him up a short time later blocks from the shooting scene and rushed him to General hos pital His 25yearold wife Billie was arrested in the hotel room they had in Washington The shooting startled a large early evening crowd on downtown streets More than 100 patrons of the Circle tavern huddled on the floor after on bullet crashed through a plate glass window Heard Lot of Taxi driver George M Johnson told police that he was parked in a taxi stand just off the circle when he heard a lot of shots All of a sudden this man pulled my cab door open and pointed a gun at me and said get going Johnson said He told me just to keep driving The taxi wound crazily through city streets eluding police who fired after it Two bullet were found in the taxi Taxidriver Johnson not related to the fugitive said he drove the injured man to a doctors office on the east side of Indianapolis near his own home I opened the doctors door shoved him in and ran The cab driver then hailed police car and officer captured Johnson Kenneth C Royall Bows out with no hint of Truman rift Royall to Quit Army Post For Law Job WASHINGTON April 21 UP Harry S Truman Thursday announced the longrumored resig nation of Army Secy Kenetli C Royall but did not disclose his sue lessor The president told his news con ference that the lanky North Car olinian who more than once has been at odds with administration policy will step down April 27 Royall plans to resume private law Hint Rift Lacking There was no hint of a rift in itr Trumans Dear Ken letter in which accepted Royalls twice repeated request to quit In facl the president indicated he had tried and failed to get Royall to stay on I hate to refuse any request you make Royall wrote Mr Tru man but since I cannot long post pone my return to civil life I be lieve it better that a new secre tary of the army be appointed as soon as possible so that he may start his service earlyunder Mr Johnsons Defense Secy Louis Johnson administration The president said he anticipates no other major changes any time aoon in the defense department And he took the occasion to deny reports that Atty Gen Tom Clark will leave the cabinet Mr Truman also New Ambassador Announced that David K E Bruce will succeed Jefferson Caf fery as TJ S ambassador to France Bruce is now chief of the Marshall plan foreign aid mission to France He will be succeeded in that post by Barry Bingham president of The Louisville Ky Courier Journal and The Louisville Times Caffery will return to this country for a new assignment possibly in the middle east Mr Truman was asked whether John J McCloy present head of the World bank has been offered the job as U S high commissioner in Germany once control has been transferred from the American military He said he could not comment now In answer to another question the president said Dr Robert F Bacherhas submitted his resigna tion a member of the Atomic Energy commission and thusfar he has not been able to persuade Bacher to change his mind Vast Construction Plans 810000 Units by55 WASHINGTON April 21 senate Thursday night passed the long range housing bill providing for a vast clearance program and construction of 810000 public housing units during the next six years The vote was 57 to 13 The bill now goes to the house The measure also calls for a farm housing program and research to cutbuilding costs The vote came shortly before midnight after a long wranglnj session in which tempers frequently exploded Once Sen Robert A Taft R O angrily accused Democrats of making a deal with Sen William Langer R N D to induce Langer not to launch a filibuster Earlier in the day the senate rejected 49 to 31 aproposal to bar segregation on the basis of race creed or color in the renting of public housing Sponsored Amendment It was sponsored by Sens John W Bricker R O and Harry P Cain R who also of fered a sheaf of other amendments The fightagainst the Bricker amendment was led iy advocates of Pres Harry S Trumans civil rights program They said they regarded the amendment as a move to kill the housing bill On the other hand those for the amendment said it provided an op portunity for those really in favor of civil rights to demonstrate it Several amendments were adopted Sen Taft woii acceptance of one limiting to200000 the num ber of subsidized public housing units that could be builtin one year He said the bill would have WASHINGTON April 21 Elbert D Thomas D Utah voted for the longrange housing bill as the measure passed the senate Thursday night Sen Arthur V Watkins R Utah WM not listed an voting Sien Thomas voted against the Bricker amendment to ban segregation in any fed eral mid project Sen Watklns voted for the amendment permitted 250000 a year He ex pressed concern that completing the program too quickly would take supplies and labor away from private builders Grants to Fanna Taft a backer of the bills major provisions offered an amendment to strip from it a provision calling for in grants forthe improvements of substandard farms Taft holds that the farms in question are uneconomic and there is no justification for spend ing moneyon them Langer was quickly on his feet threatening to talk all night against the Taft amendment Later Sen Burnet R Maybank D S chairman of the senate banking committee spoke to Lan ger and soon Langer sat down and let the amendment come to a WASHINGTON Main provisions of the housing bill passed by the seriate Thursday nightinclude 1 The federal government would contribute Up to an nually for up to 40 years to help finance construction of 810000 public housing units during the next six years Those dweUihgf would be rented to lowest income families for about a month 2 A fiveyear slum clearance program The federal government would stand twothirds of the cost and local communities onethird The bill authorizes in federal grants and f 1000000000 in federal loans 3 A touryear farm housing program a Thirtythree year not more than 4ffointerest would be available to pwhew of sustaining farms who were other wise unabU to firiahce adequiiti housing b A similar loan program plernented by con tributions up ctp 10 to whose f armsv werei tjcjt presently selfsustaining Init could be put on that basis c amr for minor and minimum re pairs to dwellings which could not be made selfimstaihihg grants and loans would range from to 4 A broad research program de signed to spur by cutting building costs vote The Taft amendment was de feated and Langer than moved to double the fund His amendment carried Xaft Charges Taft stormed We all saw the deal made right here on the senate floor There isnt any question the banking committee bought off Mr Langer with to shut off his filibuster While southern Democrats vigor ously opposed to Mr Trumans civil rights program sat by and listened Sen Paul H Couglas D asupporter of that program told the senate that if it adopted the BrickerCain amendment It would have an amendment but no housing bill He said its inclusion would force some 25 or 30 senators from south ern and border states to vote See Page S Columns fl Go to Church for Worship Not Show9 Truman Says WASHINGTON D C April 21 Harry S Truman assured his pastor Rev Edwin H Pruden of the First Baptist church and members of the Associated Church press at the White House Thursday that he goes to church for the purpose of worshipping and not for the purpose of being a circus Dr Pruden presented the churchmen to the president Taking the opportunity to talk with his pastor the president hastened to remark I hope I have not been a liability to the First Baptist church A great many people if they find that the president is going to be in church will go to church Truman con tinued Well I dont cater to that sort of program I go because I think I ought to and not for the purpose of making a show The First Baptist church treats me the way I want to be treated Turning to the group Truman continued We believe in freedom of expression in freedom of worship and the right to go where we please if it does not injure anybody else when we do that Thats all in the world that the foreign policy of the United States maounU to SALIENT POINTS Housing Units WouWReiit Truman Offers US HealtK Plans Today WASHINGTON April 21 Pres Harry S Truman Friday will formally hand congress his long awaited national medical care gram believed to call for coverage of perhaps of the population at the start Mr Truman who advocates a controversial system of prepaid compulsory governmenthealth in surance will lay his plan before congress in a message Press Secy Charles G Ross said Thursday it may run 3500 words The president also if considering backing it up in a radio appeal to thenation 1 Details Still Scent Details of MrL Trumans gram have not been disclosed It generally is expected to call for pay roll taxes to finance hospital and medical care for ailing per Mr Truman last September em phatically indorsed a health pro gram drawn up by Oscar Ewingj federal security administrator If has been assailed as socialized and has caused organ izations to line up on both sides in a controversy that has raged ever since Countering the Truman ideas two other health bills have been introduced in congress In general they stress federal aid to states for building hospitals and for medical care for those unable to pay for it Promise Early Hearings Early hearings on the Truman plan have been promised by Chair man Elbert O Thomaa D of the senate labor committee However he has said there is little chance for such a bill to fet through this session and other congeuional leaders have ex pressed themselves similarly Capitol hill speculated the presi dents programwould cover em ployed and selfemployed persons that it would take la home nunrinf care laboratory services Xitys and other needs It is expected specify free choice of doctor ud dentist by thtt patient 1 ;