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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, April 21, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 21, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pn Intermounteln Network Station KALL Monday Throuih Friday SALT LAKE CITY UTAH THURSDAY MORNING APRIL 21 1949 Kirk Appointed Soviet Ambassador Nominee Led Invasion of Sicily Now Serving as Belgium Envoy WASHINGTON April 20 Admiral Alan G Kirk pokerfaced sailordiplomat was named ambassador to Russia Wednesday as the United States held the door open for any real peace move by Moscow The assignment came in the midst of unconfirmed reports that the Russians are considering a deal which might lift the Berlin blockade Secy Dean C Acheson declined to comment at his news conference Wednesday on the rumors of such Russia feelers He called atten tion however to his comment of a week ago that all official ave nues of communication are open to Russia for any appropriate dis cussions Kirk 60yearold retired naval officer has been serving as am 23 ABOARD SAFE Plane To Landing FAIRFIELD Cal April 20 military air transport with a crew of eight and fifteen passengers limped in here Wednes day night after one engine failed and another threatened failure nearly 9pO miles off the coast on a flightto Hawaii Escorted by two B17 flying fortresses one from the air force and one from the San Francisco coast guard airsea rescue unit and by a navy PBY the C54 skimmed to a landing here at pm PST without incident al though its number three engine was dead air officers said The pilot of the plane was Lt Commander E P Drake of New Orleans It carried a copilot six crew members 14 service person nel and one civilian Air force and coast guard rescue planes intercepted the C54 about 250 miles from the coast and es corted it safely home The inter ception was made about pm PST about two and one half hours after the initial distress call bassador to Belgium and minister to Luxembourg He succeeds Lt Gen Walter Bedell Smith who asked to be relieved from the Mos cow post and who now commands the first army in New York In sending Kirks nomination to the senate Pres Harry S Truman confirmed predictions current for two weeks or more that the tick lish job of maintaining contact with Vice Aim Alan G Kirk Takes over touchy job in Moscow Lilienthal Says Arco Plant Hub of AAge BOISE April 20 Arco Installation is the genesis of the atomic power age David Lilien thal chairman of the Atomic En ergy commission said Wednesday Lilienthal said drills and rigs will be moved into the area within two weeks to begin drilling wells after authority was given by the navy Wednesday to commence opera tions on the land part ofwhich is owned by the navy Lilienthal conferred briefly with Gov C A Robins on the plans for the plant saying that the A E C would minimize any neces sary adjustments that the state would have to make To Survey Towns Leonard E Johnston manager Of the Arco project said he and two other AEC officials would make a survey of four eastern Idaho communities this week to determine in which city their ad ministrative headquarters will be placed Johnston said housing conditions availability of office space access to the site of the reactor stations and other factors would be studied the Soviets would go to the man who commanded naval units in the invasion of Sicily and who helped map out the crosschannel invasion of Normandy Diplomatic Experience At Moscow Kirk will not only have the advantage of more than three years diplomatic experience at Brussels but also a record not identified with the touchiest phases of the cold war between the Soviets and the west This latter element was believed to have been an important considera tion in his appointment to a posi tion where he may be called upon to handle delicate and lengthy negotiations At the age of 60 Kirk has a naval record extending back to 1911 When he was commissioned an ensign After early service on the China station he advanced through the grades of rear ad miral a rank he achieved in 1941 Retired From Navy He retired from the navy In 1946 accepting appointment as Ambassador to Belgium the same year He is a native of Philadel phia arid now a legal resident of Connecticut Although the United States was guardedly hopeful of an improve ment in relations with the Krem lin preparations proceeded to put the North Atlantic defense alliance into effect by furnishing arms to the western European members Rights Issues Stir Battle On Housing WASHINGTON April 20 UP civil rights issue ex ploded with a bang in the sen ate Wednesday over an effort to write an antisegregation amendment into the long range housing bill Backers of public housing many of whom also support civil rights legislation promptly waned that injection of the issue could kill the housing legislation The outbreak slowed progress on the bill and there was no in dication when a final vote might Crackling Debate Sen Homer Capehart R Ind touched off the crackling debate when he urged the senate to ap prove the antisegregation amend ment offered by Republican sena tors John Bricker Ohio and Har ry P Cain This quickly pointed tip the deep split within the Republican over Social legislation such as housing Sens Robert H Taft R O and Edward J Thye R Minn jumped to their feet Soviets Ready Peace Plan German Says Russians Will Demand West Bar Reich From Atlantic Pact BERLIN April 20 CSVA high German official declared Wednes day Soviet Russia is ready to pro pose a German settlement includ ing lifting of the Berlin blockade if the west will bar Germany from the North Atlantic alliance Confirmation was lacking from allied authorities A small power consular official however said he had heard the report and be lieved it The German source who may not be identified by name is about as well informed as any German in this divided city which is seeth ing with rumors of an impending break in the situation Russian Objective He said the Russian plan would provide for lifting the Soviet blockade of western Berlin with drawal of both Russian and west ern allied armies from Germany and formation of a central Ger man government at a parley of the United States British French and Russian foreign ministers He said the plan would be advanced by Russia herself and not through a satellite The Russian aim accordingto this source is twofold 1 To establish a vacuum1 Germany between the Rhine and Oder rivers unlikely to represent a threat to the Soviet Union 2 To retire from an untenable position and yet save face WEATHER Partly cloudy Thursday somewhat warmer os 29 PRICE FIVE CENTS Red Fire Kills 26 British Aboard Yangtze Ships Atomic Blast Seen on Star MINNEAPOLIS April 20 UP of a pair of star sis ters was announced Wednesday night by University of Minnesota astronomers who said they had observed an atomic explosion on one of them equal to a billion atom bombs Dr William J Luyten chairman to oppose the amendment while defending the housing measure The question in my mind Thye told Capehart is whether we should support the amendment and lose the housing bill The bill before the senate calls for the construction of 810000 public housing units during the next six years The CainBricker proposal would prohibit any dis crimination On the basis of race creed or color in the renting of public housing Major Parties Taft said there was no justi fication for the amendment He said there have been no dis crimination in his state of Ohio in the matter of public housing Bricker shouted that if the anti segregation amendment was beaten then there is something wrong with the housing bill or with the constitution or there is something wrong with the Dem ocratic andRepublican platforms The platforms of both major West Finn The United States Britain and France are agreed there will be no further fourpower parleys on Germany until the Berlin blockade is lifted They are committed also to a long occupation of Germany whileRussia has sought before to get all troops out soon The Russians have built up a Communist police force in eastern Germany which many western officials say is intended for just such a continue the Communist rule with the protec tion of Soviet bayonets Fourpower discussions on a central German regime would mean scrapping the west German government being created at Bonn It would mean slowing down the allied airiift which has fed Adm A C G Madden la eommaad British east station aboard British London en to aid of crippled sloop Amethyst shell tin on river island 80 from Nationalist capital of China western Berliners since the block ade was imposed last June Au thoritative American sources say the airlift would go on as insur ance though on a reduced scale should be lifted tomorrow dAJLU WUACJ YVUUJU WC OIUU1GU at Arco Idaho Falls Blackfoot and Pocatello He said administrative headquarters would me university s astronomy department said the stars were believed the second closest to last year contained planks calling for civil rights legislation such as antipoll tax antilynching and other measures placed in one of the four this year the senate was nities and not at the reactor double star also known in knots for nearly three ing station revolving binary has been over an effort to change TwoWeek Stay Johnston and Roger Warner L7268 It is situated in the constellation Cetus The Whale at a distance of less debating rules so civil rights proposals advocated by Pres Harry S Truman could be brought the AEC engineering light years A light year the floor left Wednesday afternoon for to about senators fought bit catello where they will meet Bion Phillipson program director miles the distance unimpeded light would move through and successfully against the rules change splitting with their the Arco one colleagues Lilienthal explained that a closest known star is the southerners a ber of designs for atomic a southern of whom favor housing plants arc being conceived at A E C laboratories throughout the approximately four and a half light years from earth or sat back and left the battling to northern Democrats try They will be tested at times the distance of whom favor both civil See Page t Column 2 earth to the and public housing BRASS WALKING PAPERS No Commuting in U S Autos WASHINGTON April 20 navy and air force brass hats who have been riding to and from work in government autos at the taxpayers expense got their walking papers Wednesday from Defense Secy Louis Johnson He told them in effect that they can Walk take a bus drive their own cars or for all he cares fly a helicopter to and from their place of duty But they no longer can use official autos except for actual performance of official duties His crackdown came barely two weeks after Rep Daniel J Flood D Pa protested in a house speech that it was high time the armed services and other government de partments cut down on the number of bu reaucrats riding around the capital in fancy limousines Spokesmen for the army navy and air force Mid they already were enforcing tht regulations laid down in Johnsons memoran dum They said that no officer has been improperly using official autbs to ride to and from work Johnson who has been getting tough with the high brass on such subjects as unification publicitygrabbing and defense spending since he became secretary last month got around to the government auto situation in a terse memorandum issued Wednesday He exempted the 20 top officials who are specifically authorized byacts of congress to have government automobiles at their full time disposal These are the secretaries undersecretaries assistant secretaries chiefs of staff and vice chiefs of staff of the three services the undersecretary of defense and Johnson himself He pointed out that only these officials have a legal right to use government cars for private travel and ruled that no ont tlie shall BUI privilege Fighter Plane Crash Kills Congressman WASHINGTON April 20 Rep Robert Lewis Coffey Jr Democrat from Johnstown Pa was killed instantly Wednesday night when his jet fighter plane crashed at Albuquerque N M the air force announced Coffey 30 was a firstterm congressman He was an air reserve pilot and was on a cross country proficiency flight when the accident occurred The air force announcement said he had refueled his P80 Shooting Star at Albuquerque and was tak ing off when the accident oc curred Plane Loses Power The plane had ascended about 25 feet lost power and crashed He died instantly the air force announcement said The crash occurred at 7 pm EST Coffey had taken off from near fieldMd at 9 am EST Wednesday and had refueled once at Detroit before landing at Albuquerque He was en route to Riverside Ls8li In 1939 Coffey was appointed a flying cadet He was commis sioned a second lieutenant in 1940 and assigned to Langley field Va received training in jet fly ing here but resigned his regular commission Sept 1 1948 to run for congress Commissioned Colonel He was commissioned a colonel in the air force reserve the day after his resignation from the reg ular force and had continued his flights as a reserve officer since entering congress in January His decorations included award of the distinguished flying crcas three times the air medal 27 times the purple heart the bronze star for his work behind German lines and the orden al merito of Chile for diplomatic service there From 1935 to 1639 he was a member of the United Mine Work ers of America and worked in jobs ranging from coal loader to engi neer Survivors include his widow the former Eileen MercadoParra of Puerto Rico a son Robert Lewis Coffey III a daughter Eileen Maria his parents Mr and Mrs R L Coffey of Johnstown Pa a brother John Negroes Wont Fight Russ Robeson Says PARIS April 20 UPI Paul Robeson American Negro singer told the Communistinspired World Peace congress Wednesday that American Negroes would never fight the Soviet Union Robeson injected the first fire Into an otherwise monotoniui opening session that heard re peated attacks on the Atlantic pact the U S atomic policy the Marshall plan and AngloAineri can capitalist imperialism from a series of speakers Tight for Friendship brought the 2000 dele gates from 52 or more countries to their feet in cheering applause with his call for a fight for friend ship with Russia the eastern democracies and a free China I bring you a message from the Negro people of America that they do not want a war which would send them backinto a new kind of Robeson told the congress He declared Pres Harry S Tru mans program for colonial de velopment coupled with what he called the invasion of Africa by former Secy of State Edward Stettinius and his millions meant new slavery for Africans Development Scheme He obviouslywas referring to the multimillion dollar develop ment scheme for Liberia being backed by Stettinius American wealth he said was built by millions of immigrant workers from eastern Europe and on the backs of millions of Negroes and we are determined to share this wealth When he turned to music Robe son sang a verse about a Salt Lake City labor organizer namedJoe Hill It said when working men defend their rights Joe Hill is at their side Robeson said Joe Hill typified the 12 brave men who are de fendants in the New York trial of Communist leaders because he like them was framed by the company cops DRIVE ON NANKING By SEYMOUR TOPPING NANKING Thursday April 21 Communists crossed the Yangtze Thursday spokesman for the National ist governments defense ministry said the Reds surged across the great river at Tikang about SO jntle southwest of Nanking the capital The ministry spokesman said he did not yet have complete de tails nor did he know in what strength the Communists had car ried their first thrust into south China Foreign military quarters said however they believed the Reds had landed a total of 30000 men in the Tikang areas Nationalistartillery were firing Destroyer Returns Blasting In Running Gun Battle LONDON Thursday April 21 British sailors were reported killed Wednesday when Chinese Commu nist shore batteries shelled two British warships in the Yangtze river The admiralty announced that nine sailors were killed when Communists opened fire on the destroyer Consort Press dispatches to London said 17 men were killed and 26 others seriously injured aboard the sloop Amethyst which was grounded by Communist gunfire on an island in the Yangtze The London News Chronicle reported that the British naval attaches office in Shanghai had confirmed the casualty figure Dther London newspapers in dispatches from Shanghai gave the same number of dead and wounded The News Chronicle said the dead aboard the Amethyst included the ships doctor Ships Doctor Among Casualties An Associated Press dispatch from Shanghai quoted for eign naval sources as saying that a third British warship the sloop Black Swan had been shelled along the Yangtze by Com munist artillery British naval authorities said they had not been informed of the shelling The report had mentioned 15 casualties The dispatch said 67 men have been evacuated from crippled beached ship to the island of Yangchung 15 miles from he scene of the gun battle about 60 miles east ofNanking Other reports said the destroyer Consort had suffered about 17 casualties when she went to the rescue of the grounded Amethyst and wag repulsed by Red gunfire Nature of the casualties was hot immediatelyknown New Gun New gun fights between British vessels and the Chinese Com China Red Army Surges Across Vital Yangtze Duplicating Fluid Drink Fatal To 1 Afflicts 8 PORTSMOUTH N H April 20 naval steward recruit was dead and seven other sailors and a marinewere hospitalized Wednesday after the navy said they drank fluid used in a dupli cating machine Sixof the men were reported in critical conditionwhile names of two others were on the serious list Capt John B Griggs chief of staff at the Portsmouth naval base said all nine were Inmates of the disciplinary barracks The dead youth was identified as William Brown Jr USN Baltimore Md Capt Griggs said men critically ill included Roy Jones US N Huntington Park Cal Jack McQuillan U 3 N ton Cal Capt Griggs said the dupli cating fluid was in plainly marked to bt taken Nazis Toreed To Confess Officer Tells WASHINGTON April 20 UP Col Burton Ellis chief army prosecutor at the Malmedy mas sacre trials acknowledged Wednes day that Nazi storm troopers charged with killing unarmed American soldiers were subjected to mock trials in darkened rooms to make them confess At first he denied to asenate armed services subcommittee that the Germans were mistreated or tricked But under questioning by Sen Joseph R McCarthy R he testified that hooded figures candles and a crucifix were used to wring confessions from the nazis Whitewash Array When Ellis finished testifying McCarthy charged that the sub committeewhich is investigating the Malmedy trials is trying to whitewash thearmy and show everything is proper He said that Chairman Raymond E Baldwin R Conn is a law partner of former Maj Dwight Fanton Connecticut attorney who served as a prosecutor at the trials Baldwin was in New York City on business Wednesday but his administrative assistant Leslie T Fossel said McCarthy had brought up an old charge that already had been ruled out He said Baldwin no longer is active in the law firm At McCarthys insistence the subcommittee decided to call James J Bailey a Pittsburgh court reporter who was a mem ber of a nineman team assigned to takedown confessions from the storm troopers Army Trial Methods Members of the American Bar steadily across the river in th Nanking area The sound of gun could be plainly heard in thi gloomy capital Government gunboats wer hammeringat the Communist aid of the river The Reds reopened the civil wa Wednesday with an offensiv along more titan 400 miles of th vital Yangtze valley The bubble of peace afloat fo three monthshad burst struck after the government re jected their latest peace offer This peace offer amounted to total surrender First Objectives Nanking the capital am Hankow major supporting base 375 this southwest seemed the first objectives of armiw 1000000 strong To mee this shock the Nationalists had possibly 500000 men Nanking shook to artillery at tacks from three points across the river Communist veterans from the conquest of Manchuria were attacking on the plains before Hankow The peril to Nanking was great At least two Red divisions were reported driving on Fukow the railhead city on the north bank opposite Nanking Seek With the capture bit Pukow Red artillerymen could train their guns directly on Nanking Red advance guards were attacking a town four miles north of Pukow This ap parently waa their closest ap proach But Red artillery shells some of large caliber were already bursting in Pukow Observers on the south bank of the could shell see the bursts Wharves of Pukow shook to the concussion A number of fires brokt out west of Pukow A second Red attack rolled up at Kiangpu seven miles southwest of Nanking A spokesman for the minister of national defense said gunboats were blazing away in support of the garrison The third attack broke out east of Chinkiang 45 mileg northeast of Nanking A number of munists were feared meanwhile as a I0o00ton cruiser and a 1470 ton frigate planned to brave Com munist guns at dawn to rescue the Amethyst The Amethyst of 1490 tons with 118 crew aboard was reported set af ire by the com munist artillery She waa driven ashore at a small island in swollen river some of Nanking First reports said 20 men were killed or wounded The Consort of 1710 tons sped to the Amethysts assistance and temporarily silenced Com munist batteries with her four 45 inch guns and her deadly pom poms Destroyer Off But she was driven off before she could help the Amethyst The Consort put into port with dam ages and 17 casualtiesaboard The British heavy cruiser Lon donmeanwhile Joinedthe Black Swan at Klangyih 80 miles down from Nanking and the wo wereexpected to try to rescur he Ametnysrat aawn Iwan arrived earlier bringing loctors and medical theConsort The 10000ton cruiser London mounts eight 8inch eight 4inch and 16 bar reled guns which fire two pound shells with great 470ton Black Swan carries six inch guns and 10 smaller anti ircraftguns Adwlral to Inyestlfatt Vice Adm A C G Madden sec nd in command of the British far astern station was aboard ruiser London and expected o make a first hand investlga bri In London admiral of the fleet xrd Fraser first lord said is indications were that thtbat ewas not the Amethyst was proceeding n a peaceful mission from Sharig ai to Nanking carrying or the British embassy when as firedon by Communist shore atteries from the north bank Sha iturned the fire but the See Page 2 Column 1 muhist artillery set afire 62 Perish 89 Hurt in Chile Quake Damage in Millions Assn also were summoned to pass judgment on army trial methods McCarthy read a letter from Bailey in which the court reporter said evidence was obtained from the nazis by starvation brutality and threats of bodily harm I could stomach it nolonger and asked my return to the United States Bailey wrote said some of the Germans were only kids of 16 or 17 and the Ameri cans scared themso badly would confess anything they Ellis defended as perfectly proper the use of mock trials to obtain oonfewons SANTIAGO Chile April 20 UP persons were killed and 89 were injured by a strong earthquake in central Chile Tues day night Damages were esti mated at several millions of dol lars Fiftyfive of the fatalities wire inmates of two prisons The rrai guen prison collapsed crushing 40 convicts hi the cell beds and the Aiigol prison was partly destroyed Wiling 15 convicts In Traiguen a town of 19600 inhabitants 30 of all buildings destroyed r Ten persons in juried Nri ously and 28 others suffered slight injuries In Angol which has 25400 inhabitants seven per sons injured and 70 of the buildings either were dwtreyed or badlyCracked Three persons died thehospital Three persons wtre killrt at Los r Angeles and one was killed at The United States navy mission placed facilities at the disposal of the government for relief pur poses Special trains1 and private planes were rushed to the doctors nurses and medical eatdp ment Alfredo Larraln Bell head of the governments social service department took personal of relief operations An air survey of the stricken area waa Wednesday morning from army planes Repair work was begun diately to restore railway munlcationi interrupted by quake south of A calvary regiment Aagot took over town to prevent looting administer first aid the injured and pubtta ;