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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, April 19, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 19, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intermountain Network Station KALL Monday Throush Friday WEATHER Fair Tuesday morning showers in afternoon Detaih on Page 24 VOL 159 NO 5 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH TUESDAY MORNING APRIL 19 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS Way to Treat Nazi Guilty Stirs Royall Secretary of Army Asks Congress Advice on Move WASHINGTON April 18 of the Army Kennet C Royall said Monday tha German storm troopers wh machine gunned 160 newly cap tured American soldiers durin the 1944 battle of the bulg ought to be punished b death But he told the senate arme services committee that the so Nazis sentenced to die for the mas sacre at Malmedy Belgium shoul go free if American prosecutor used brutality and imprope methods to wring confessions from them Slaughter Notorious It is an undisputed fact hi said that American soldiers anc also innocent civilians were taker by the Germans and slaughterec in cold blood in total violation o all the accepted rules of civilized warfare Royall said that whatever de cision he makes it will not mee with universal approval If the death sentences are com muted there will be criticism thai the deaths of young American sol diers are going unpunished he said If they are affirmed and the men are executed there will be some who will accept unreservedly the Germans version of mistreat ment It will be asserted that in nocent men were convicted anc fundamental American principles of justice have been violated Final Decision Royall said he would withhold final decision until the senate com pletes its own investigation of the trials Sen Joseph McCarthy R Wis told Royall the army should be certain it had clean hands in con victingthe Nazis We have Seen accusingthe Russians of using violence mock trials arid force to create the light kind of psychological effect to get confessions he said McCarthy noted that an army investigation report signed by Col J L Harbaugh Jr of the judge advocate generals department said there were indications that mock trials physical force promises of immunity and threats had been used to get confessions from the Germans The Wisconsin senator said that if American officers used improper methods they should be brought up for court martial Last Days of 1944 The story of the massacre goes back to the last days of 1944 when Field Marshal Kurt Von Run stedts wobbling German armies made a desperate lunge into American lines shortly before Christmas in an attempt to seize the great supply port of Antwerp and split the U S and British armies A German elite group known as task force Peiper after its commander Col Joachim Peiper surrounded a contingent of Amer ican troops who surrendered their arms The prisoners were promptly lined up in the snow at a crossroad near Malmedy and mowed down with machine guns The Nazis then walked among the victims and shot those still showing any signs of life Solon Scathes Reform Plan WASHINGTON April is UP plan to abolish the house and severely limit the powers of the senate was denounced Monday by Rep John Dingell D as about the most reactionary approach to dictatorship that Ive ever seen proposed Target of his wrath was a pro posal advanced this week end in a book by Arthur C Millspaugh political scientist The BrooMngs institution published the book but said it was not now endorsing Millspaughs theories Millspaugh would practically abolish congress He would elim inate the house and make the sen ate merely an advisory body Leg islative and executive power would be concentrated in a 21man na tional council elected by the peo ple Dingell said the Brookings in stitution is a subsidized outfit subsidized by the interests the big interests He thought the proposal was an outgrowth of the failure of these interests to win the last election His Belly Couldnt SAVANNAH Ga April 18 W attempt of a pelican to show the world that his beak could hold much as his belly quote an old fatal Mra Alva Jones found the greedy bird washed on shore Monday Lodged in the 20pound pelicans ft i itii T UliUCLt WciA IV 4iJV2ii UaCS dead Southpaw Rookie Hurls One at Opener Pres Harry S Truman makes a lefthanded toss throwing out the first ball to open the game between Washington and Philadelphia Clark Griffith right front president of Washington Senators follows course of the ball Senators took the As in the first tilt of the 1949 season Trumans Touch for Picking Winners Includes Baseball WASHINGTON April 18 Harry S Truman proved Monday that he hasnt lost his touch at picking a winner After tossing out the first baseball of the season a lefthanded spitter he sat back and watched the Washing Senators knock off the Philadelphia Athletics just like he saidthey would He was only wrong on the score Not counting his own the pitching was better thanhe expected and the Sena tors won by only 32 instead of the 54 edge he predicted Mr Truman came to the ball park in triumph having just been crowned the umpire of the year for having called all his shots right during last years election He got the award a twoandahalffoot bronze replica of himself jerking his thumb apparently at Tom Dewey in the traditional youre out gesture at a senate luncheon that traditionally starts off the pregame festivities on open ing day of the major league baseball season In the National league jnaugural the Philadelphia Phil lies ruined the Boston Braves pennant raising ceremonies by pasting a 40 defeat on the 1948 champions For details on games turn to sports page 14 Million Reds South hina Thrust NANKING Tuesday April 19 Fi Communist troops 1000000 rong sped preparations Tuesday storm across the Yangtze river hen the deadline for Chinese gov rnment surrender expires ednesday Nationalist military leaders iade no pretense that they could revent it although some sort of fht is considered almost certain Acting Pres Li TsungJen was ported to have appealed for an xtension of the deadline but this ery gloomy capital did not believe would be granted Surrender or fight It was the prevailing opinion that the Red demand including free crossings to the south bank at 10 places left no room for ar gument and that Nanking either must surrender or fight quickly Government officials admitted privately that stripped of a few facesaving frills the Red terms were total surrender They could see no prospect but amalgamation of Nationalist troops into the Communist army creation of a socalled coalition government and their own gradual but com plete ouster from power There was a report that an emissary had been sent to Chikow south of Shanghai to ask the opinion of retired Pres Chiang Kaishek To Order Withdrawal Another report circulated that Chiang already had decided to or der withdrawal of the entire ShanghaiNanking garrison south ward He could do it for those 300000 troops are commanded by Gen Tang Enpo loyal to Chiang and no backer of Lis peace efforts of the past three months It is no secret in Nanking that Chiang favors sacrificing the Yangtze line for a stronger last ditch defense in the south Tangs men are believed sure to put up some kind of opposition to the Reds Yangtze crossings whether Nanking yields or not lfVlttftfJ1tn Cominform Editor Says Tito Toes Wall Street Line LONDON April 18 The Tito clique in Yugoslavia tacitly supports the Atlantic pact and is transforming Yugo slavia into a Wall Street colony according to an article in the monthly Cominform Journal radio Moscow said Monday night Josef Revai member of the Hungarian Communist party politburo and editor of the Cominform Journal alleged that American imperialists have assigned Tito the job of paralyz ing other Balkan states Tito and his clique are car rying out a special mission in the preparations for a new war a mission assigned them by the imperialists Revai asserted Idaho Woman Waits Fate In Poisoning CALpWELL Ida April 18 OP Elizabeth L Lacey also known as Mrs Lottie Ashdown 38 may know Friday whether sne is to face death by hangingor life imprisonment The blackhaired mother of thre daughters pleaded guilty Monday before Dist Judge Thomas E Buckner to a charge of first degree murder The charge stemmed from thi poisondeath of Vivian Ashdown 45yearold Homedale farmer March 21 The pale but calm defendant told the court her correct nam was Elizabeth L Lacey Married In Utah Poseeuting Atty W W Wander said she was married to Ashdown at Cedar City Utah in 1928 They were divorced in September 1947 she said Wander said she was married to J H Lacey of Salt Lake City after a three months courtship This ceremony was performed in Reno Oct 7 Wander and Sheriff Ray Lue kenga said she went through a second marriage ceremony with Ashdown before a Caldwell justice of the peace March 19 just two days before he was poisoned Answers in Affirmative She also answered in the affirm ative when asked if her plea was made voluntarily and without promise from anyone that len ency will be shown you in any way Ashdown a coroners jury found died of strychnine poisoning while on an auto trip with the defendant The defendant was arrested In Salt Lake City by Canyon county officers when she stepped off a rain after attending funeral serv ces for Ashdown in Cedar City The daughters aged 8 11 and 13 have been living with relatives at Homedale Solons Attack Paris Meet As Atom Theft Attempt ENTERS BUSINESS Tedesco to Resign SL Post June 15 House Group Claims Soviet Plots Treason by Scientists WASHINGTON April 18 house unAmerican activities committee said Monday that Communists haye engi jneered the Paris peace conference to stir atomic and other Salt Lake City Commissioner Fred Tedcsco announced I dtobey their governments J The Pans meeting opening Wednesday is one of a number of such events inspired by Communists throughout the world as a part of a campaign against the North Atlantic Defense Senator Views Rural Districts As Areas of Worst Housing WASHINGTON April is Some of the nations worst housing conditions are in rural areas Sen J Allen Frear Jr D Del said Monday during brief senate con sideration of a multibillion dollar housing hill Sen Ralph E Flanders R Vt told his colleagues they would have to do little more than glance out their office windows to see the need for better housing in the cities The housing bill provides among other things for the construction of 810000 public housing units dur ing the next six years and for a fiveyear slum clear ance program More Debate Seen Flanders one of the chief spon sors of the longrange housing measure told a reporter that prob ably two or three more days of debate will be necessary before the legislation can be brought to a vote Action may be slowed even more Harry P Cain R Wash to bar any discrimination on the basis of race creed or color in the rent ing of public housing units I dont think the amendment stands a show Flanders said but it is one on which there might be a great deal of debate The senate Democratic caucus decided last week to oppose the amendment Some senate sup porters of civil rights legislation have called it an attempt to kill the housing bill Need Helping Hand In a brief speech Frear said that many low income farm fami lies need the helping hand of the federal government if they are to have decent housing conditions He said there is too much of a tendency to think of Americas housing problem exclusively in terms of the slums and over crowded housing of our cities Some of the worst overcrowd ing occurs in the small farm houses containing large families Frear a poultry and dairy farmer Monday he would resign his city position on or about June 15 The commissioner in making the announcement said he would become general manager of the Canada Dry Bottling Co of Utah It is with a great deal of re gret that I announce my inten tion of resigning the position of commissioner of parks and public property he said Mr Tedesco said he entered the office of commissioner of parks with definite objectives in mind These he added were to install a boys and girls club system in Salt Lake City to enlarge the rec reation program and to improve the city parks system Attains Objectives I feel these objectives have been accomplished he added The commissioner said the re habilitation of Wasatch Springs plunge has brought about a fine recreational facility He pointed out the municipal airport was one of a very few selfsupporting air ports in the nation He said two new baseball fields have been con structed during his term of office or young baseball players Added o these he continued are five new parks and 17 new play grounds Commissioner Tedesco said Hogle Zoological Gardens has been ransformed into a fine educa ional and recreational asset and that the boys and girls club sys tem has received national promi nence Near Finish Inasmuch as the summer rec reation program is in the process of preparation and arrangements and the new swimming pools are nearimg completion the commis sioner continued I feel it is my obligation to remain in my pres ent position until they are in full operation Prior to his election as city com missioner in November 1941 Mr Tedesco was a coach at Bryant Fred Tedesco To resign city parks commission office junior high school and supervisor of the Rotary and Young Mens Christian Assn boys clubs He was reelected parks commis Sce Page 2 Column 2 Utility Leader To Succeed Armys Royall WASHINGTON April 18 NYN Harry S Truman is plan ning to name utilities magnate Curtis Calder of New York as successor to Secy of the Army Kenneth Royall the New York News learned Monday Royall whose resignation is on r Trumans desk indicated in testimony Monday before a sen ate subcommittee that he defi nitely is on his way out The impending nomination of Calder it was learned was the chief reason for the call at the White House last week of Paul Titzpatrick chairman of the New York state Democratic committee Any Good Jobs Asked at a press conference Thursday about Fitzpatricks visit r Truman grinned that he came to see if there were any good jobs open for New Yorkers With James Forresta replaced jy a southerner Louis Johnson secretary of defense the way ap arently was considered clear for he appointment of another New Yorker to replace North Caro inian Royall Calder 59 is chairman of Elec ric Bond and Share self made man from Winfield Kan He tarted his career as a stenog apher with the Eastern Pennsyl ania Railways Co and in four tears worked up to assistant to he general manager Advanced Rapidly From 1912 to 1S27 he advanced rom secretary to president of the exas and Dallas Power and Light Co and head of the American and orcign Power Co Inc In 1939 tie was elepted governor of the Vew York Stock exchange to serve as one of the three public repre entatives on the board In 1943 car production board hairman Donald Nelson named im the boards director general or operations He was elected a rector of the Lehman Corp in 945 and also is a director of the National City Bank of New York mcrican Bank Note Co Selected Irishmen Told DUBLIN Ireland April 18 UP Pres Sean T OKeily of the hew republic of Ireland told his coun trymen Monday night to stop speaking English and restore the ancient Gaelic language In a prepared radio address OKeily said the winning of the republic would be an empty victory it the Irish lost their tongue Posters appeared on Dublins streets calling for a boycott of English newspapers The king is gone now cut the language tie with Britain the signs said They were printed in English Ireland was a completely inde pendent nation again after 780 years of rule by the British crown Celebrating Irishmen danced in the streets shouting na poblacht for up the re publica For many of the celebrants there was one flaw in this great day The republic covers 26 of the storied isles 32 counties Six counties of Ulster province in the northeast remain with Great Brit ain pact the committee said In a special report it accused the Communists of striving to get American atomic secrets spilled to the Russians It called the Paris gathering a mobilization of scientists for civil disobedience against free nations Outright Treason Ideological confusion easily could pass over into outright treason adding the report declared OKeily and Premier John A Costello called for a union of all Ireland The word in Gaelic is Taoiseach pronounced tee the republic of Ireland would grant a large mea sure of local autonomy to Ulster men if the partition of the island were ended Pointing out that Ireland now stands alone as a nation the pre mier said We have no alliances entanglements or ties with any country in the world but are to be reckoned with now as an inde pendent state however small we ire If the Communists could suc ceed by playing upon the notorious political naivettc of physical scientists in inciting scientists to strike against their own govern ment or sabotage it would be a real achievement for the Soviet fatherland The committee saidthe scientific and cultural conference for world peace held in New York during March was a forerunner of the Paris conference It said this New York meeting was actually a supermobilization of the inveterate wheelhprses and supporters of the Communist part and its auxiliary organizations The committee then declared Pyramid Club It was in a sense a glorified pyramid club pyramiding into one nflated from the names which ha time and again been used by the Comjnunists as decoys for the en trapnient oiE irinocenU It summaTizeii the purpose o the New York conference as fol 1 To provide a propagandis forum against the Marshall plan the North Atlantic Defense pact and American foreign policy In general 2 To promote support for th foreign policy of the Soviet Union 3 To mobilize American Intel lectuals in the field of arts scienc and letters behind this program even to the point of civil dis obedience against the American government Similar 4 To prepare the way for the Paris world peace congress witt similar aims in view on a worlc scale and under similar Communist auspices B To discredit American culture and to extol the virtues of Soviet culture The committee accentuated the civil disobedience angle at the New York meeting saying A member of the Communist party struck the main chord of the conference in his outright ad vocacy of civil disobedience Chosen for this role was Richard Boyer who spoke openly as a member of the Communist party Then the report said Not It is by no means accidental that Richard Beyers appeal for civil disobedience was directed to an audience which included the fol owing atomic scientists Harlow Shapley of Harvard university William A Higgin Dotham the Brookhaven national laboratory Upton Long Island William Orr Roberts High altitude observatory Colorado Philip Mor rison Cornell university Victory Weiskopf Massachusetts Institute of Technology Oswald Veblen and Albert Einstein Princeton INDEPENDENCE NEARS British Ponder Compromise To Retain India in Realm LONDON April 18 Great Britain hoped Monday night to find a way to prevent India from joining Ireland and Burma in walking out of the British com monwealth of nations Even us the Irish celebrated the birth of their republic British officials sought a compromise that will keep India within the com monwealth after she formally at tains her independence probably about Aug 15 The problem of Indias relations with the commonwealth will be placed before a special secret con ference of empire prime ministers which opens Thursday WhatIndia wants is some for mula permitting her to remain within the commonwealth without allegiance to the British king But the king is the basic link of the commonwealth All the commonwealth nations I back on Shanghai 1 I John W Bricker R O and fivcyearjiarm home program 1 other corporations chair will be filled by Foreign Minister Lester Pearson He ar rived by air Monday from Mont real Indian Prime Minister Jawa harlal Nehru was said to favor some sort of a formula replacing kingship with Re portedly he has been given a free hand by his government to make a deal limited only by Indias past commitments and future aspirations In conference with Pearson and Nehru will be the prime ministers of Britain the Union of South Africa Australia Ceylon Pakistan and New Zealand Moat of them will be jealous of any special status given India Yet they are all eager to keep India in the wealth India has been linked with Great Britain for nearly 200 years ever since Lord Clivcs guns cut down U S Confident Of Red Plan On Blockade WASHINGTON April 18 CAP American officials look for So viet Russia to come up almost any day now with a firm pro posal to lift the Berlin blockade they are convinced is more painful to the Soviet bloc than to the west Such a proposalluui not been made yet according to the best evidence in the capital When it is made officials expect it to be put forward with all the secrecy that Moscow can arrange unac companied by reports such as those which developed over the week end from Berlin and else where Meanwhile the state department made plain ita mterest m hints that Russia may be seeking face saving way but of but withheld comritenit A spokes man said the reports iioor many arid Speaking pri vateiy top lomats said therie have been nu merous rumors of particularly outsat Is that any negotiations satisfactory to theiwafc Ruiwia must take the initiative land lift the blockade before there is any resumption of Big Four talks on Germanys future Mc cow says she desires Meanwhile m Berlin an Ameiv lean official source said Monday that German wishful thinking is giving rise to many rumow oit Russian proposals to end the Ber lin blockade V Both American and Britislu of ficials discounted London paper reports that Soviet Gen Georgiev Malinin was on the way to Washington with some mich proposal 70000 Yanks tMock Europe War NUERNBERG Germany April t8 thousand Amer can soldiers fought off an attack by 100 enemy planes Monday night and took up defensive posi tions along the Czechoslovak bor der as gigantic weeklong maneu vers against an aggressor from he east got under way The crack first infantry divi lion dug inbehind two U S mored brigades on the frontierof American occupied Germany to defend against a simulated attack expected Tuesday by two powerful armies which U S roops three to brie Air Ground Teams American gasengined jet iropelled fighters teamed with ground guns Monday tobeat off he enemy S planes ilayed the the first phase if the largest n Europe since 1945 1 A mock situation map in Amsr can field headquarters showed at east nine enemy infantry and ar nored regiments massed on the Czech side of the border poised to attack in a few hours Gun crews huddled about well fuarded radar equipment sweep ng the eastern horizon with set ng eye beams ready to warn tilt rows of attacking aircraft Dangerously Weak In maneuvers last year defense gaist enemy planes proved to bt angerouslyweak Practically the entire U S milir ary garrison in Germany moved nto the field to take part in the ames which are being observed y representatives from the west rn power nations Russian ohscrv rs were not invited ostensibly I ause Americans were never i o attend Soviet maneuvers One of the main questions maneuvers are designed to MWWW s whether the United upply completely heir occupation rmy in field from Bpsmtr avcn the only Americucoa rolled port in Europe Monday ong columns of loadedItrucka u I statesmen except whose challenged British dominance l line from the port city ;