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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, April 15, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 15, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intermountain Network Station KALL Monday Through Friday WEATHER Fair and warmer Friday Details on Page 28 VOL 159 NO 1 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH FRIDAY MORNING APRIL 15 1919 PRICE FIVE CENTS Truman Slip Doubles Estimate of Deficit Aids Hasten to Correct Error On Added Vet Fund Effect WASHINGTON April 14 offthecuff remark b Prcs Harry S Truman Thursday suddenly doubled his 000000 estimate of this years aids hastily got ou a statement correcting him A news conference question started it A reporter re ferred to Mr Trumans request to congress Monday for an additiona in veterans funds this fiscal year Would it increase the prospective deficit by that much BEFORE SENATE GOP Submits New State Health Plan WASHINGTON April 11 UP new Republicanbacked plan to improve the nations health by giving states money to foster better medical care was intro duced in the senate Thursday Sen Wayne Morse R Ore took the occasion to accuse the American Medical Assn of being more interested in monopoly con trol of medicine than in saving the lives of babies The new measure by Sens Robert A Taft R H Alex ander Smith R N J and For rest C Donnell R Mo is a G O P alternative to Pres Harry S Tru mans compulsory health insurance proposal It calls for a new national health agency with power to spend in fiscal 1950 pro vided states localities and medical schools put up equal amounts in return for federal aid Most of the first year sum go to states to develop plans for extending medi cal hospital and some dental care to people who cannot pay the full cost This is a modification of Tafts former plan to supply fed eral aid only to those too poor to pay doctor and dentist bills States would be allowed to spend up to 25 of their grants under this provision to help develop vol untary health insurance plans im prove diagnostic facilities and of fer doctors inducements to prac tice in lowincome areas 1 Dies 12 Hurt In Ship Blast HONOLULU April 14 One man was killed and 12 others seriously injured Thursday in a gun explosion aboard the destroyer U S S Hollister during maneuvers 47 miles southwest of Pearl Har bor The Hollister arrived in port two hours after the explosion and docked at Bishops point where the injured were transferred to waiting ambulances and rushed to Aiea naval hospital All but two of the casualties reportedly suf fered serious burns Target Practice The explosion occurred as the Hollister and three other destroy ers were engaged in shooting at sleeve targets towed by airplanes The blast blew out the side of the starboard gun turrent and started a fire which was quickly ex tinguished the navy said The ships comprising destroyer squadron three were engaged in naval maneuvers and gunnery practice of Oahu the main island of the territory San Diego Bound The vessels arrived from Japan three days ago and were to leave for San Diego next Monday Destroyer division commander Capt Charles T Singleton Hat tiesburg Miss and the Hollister skipper Cmdr Robert E Magof fin Golden City Mo were on the bridge when the blast occurred at pm No names casualties were im mediately available Certainly it will Mr Truman replied Statement Conflicts This was in conflict with wha the administration has been say ing Only Wednesday Secy of th Treasury Snyder had reiterated that the deficit for the fiscal year ending June 30 would be the 000000 that Mr Truman forecas in his January budget message Less than three hours after the news conference a statement was made public by the White House clarifying the effect of the sup plemental veterans cost This statement said that veter ans costs not foreseen in the Jan uary budget were involved But other expenses were running lower it added and the net effect was to leave the deficit right where Mr Truman had put it originally Spending Face Cut Expenditures for European Re covery and for stockpiling stra tegic war materials in this country are at a somewhat lower rate than previously estimated the statement said But on the other hand expen ditures for veterans programs and farm crop price support are running at a higher rate These differences however al most offset each other The White House statement pointed out that the extra for veterans included 193891 already figured in the January budget estimates The difference of will be offset by the decreases showing up in other programs the statement observed Other Developments Other Truman news conference developments 1 Mr Truman said congress should renew the government power to regulate installment pay ment buying1 This authority ex pires June 30 Under it the federal reserve board sets the minimum for down payments and the length of terms allowed in buyingcars major household appliances bor rowing and other time payment transactions Opponents say it would stimulate business to drop the controls Mr Truman has con sistently fought for antiinflation authority 2 The president left smouldering the Mon C Wallgren controversy on Capitol hill Once more he said does not intend to withdraw the ormer Washington state gov ernors nomination to be chairman of the National Security Resources joard The nomination was pigeon loled in committee by one vote Opponents claim the strength to jlock any effort to force it out of committee by a senate vote Shuffle Diplomats 3 A reshuffle of American am jassadors in key world spots was ndiacted Mr Truman waa asked whether he Intends to change en voys to France or Belgium He said ambassadorships are under discussion The transfer of Adm Alan G Kirk from the Brussels embassy to Moscow is anticipated There is talk that Paris Ambassa dor Jefferson Caffery may be ransferred to another capital and that a number of other diplomatic changes are in the air 4 Mr Truman declined to shed ight on the question whether the navy will be permitted to go ahead next Monday with keel laying for ts projected super aircraft carrier in the face of a navyair force controversy over it PEACEFUL PURSUITS Enjoy Idahos Atomic Show From a Front Row Seat Editors Jiole One of Hit nortanl devtlnpment4 In many years In the intermountaln area was the recent decision of the Atomic Energy communion to hulld s atomic reactor plant be tween Block foot and Arm Ida The 101 article li the fourth and final In to detail what the project If ill ahout and what It will mean to tht area By PERRY SWISHER Tribune PocateUo Bureau Chief Absorb the following primer about the peaceful pursuits of nuclear fission and you should be ready to enjoy your front row seat for the atomic reactor project opening in eastern Idaho The Atom It is composed of protons and electrons attracted together by their respective posi tive and negative charges Knock ing around between them is the neutron bearing neither charge and serving as sciences ammuni tion in bombarding to split or chanf t the atom An Englishman Chadwick discovered the neutron While physicists and chemists were beginning to make a myth of the indestructibility of the ele ments identified by atomic struc ture Albert Einstein in working out his equation of matter and energy posed what has now been proved that the transmutation or destruction of matter creates energy Two Germans Hahn and Strass man in 1939 formulated the fis sion process Fission is the disin tegration breakup of the nu cleus of a radioactive element uranium plutonium activated by the capture of a neutron The patience of European re search arrived at the dynamic secret The impatience of American science and industry mated Tfrith ingenuity to apply that secret See Face 4 Coluraa 2 Something to Get Up in the Air About It a great day Thursday for Dick Riedel left and Bil Harris and their families as the flying Receives Dukes Kiss Royalty Chill LONDON April 14 UP The Duchess of Windsor ar rived Thursday from Paris to spend the Easter holidays with the duke She received a kiss from the duke at the station and a chilly reception from British officialdom The duke newsmen and only six bystanders were present when the Baltimoreborn duch ess stepped from a train for her first visit here in two years The onlookers gave her a lusty reception and smiled and cheered as the duke kissed her warmly on both cheeks The Windsors plan to go to Sunningdale Berkshire for the holidays Quake Toll Hits Eight Loss Of Million SEATTLE April 14 4 The vorst earthquake in Pacific north west history caused eight deaths njured more than 60 persons and nflicted at least dam age An official damage estimate was released Thursday night at he state capitol of Olympia by harles W state director of civil defense after a telephone survey His report showed buildings 00 bridges and approaches 500 privately owned buildings total exclud ng damage to schools Tftcoma Losses system ight plant public build ngs privately owned buildings total excluding damage to schools buildings 000 water system private buildings total 100 Aberdeen Public buildings 1900 water and sewage systems 1500 private buildings otal Centralia Public buildings 900000 water system irivate residences private lusiness buildings total Damage in Cbehalta Chehalis Public buildings 125000 water system pri vate buildings total 495000 buildings irivate buildings light ystem gas system vater system total buildings MO private buildinga tal Bryant said his estimate of a otal of may go higher riien he receives reports from Ho luiam Longview Puyallup Sum ner Bremerton Everett and Cent duo broke 726hour air endurance record Photo is of farewells made March 15 when flight began Endurance Fliers Shatter Record Remain Aloft Death Toll of Eight at The death toll remained aght despite a revision The death of Abraham Hed trom 79 Seattle from a heart attack was deleted from the uake list when investigation howed he had died before the started at am Wednesday However from Bremerton came word that Mrs Jennie Elder 771 led in a hospital from a stroke See Fage Column 7 FULLBRTON Cal April 14 L new endurance flight record was established Thursday as Dick Riedel and Bill Barris flew their singleengine plane past the 727 hour mark at pm The old mark of 726 hours was set Oct 29 1939 by Wcs Carroll and Clyde Schleiper of Long Beach Cal The two fliers equaled the rec ord at pm In order to break the record however they had to stay aloft still another hour Great Day Boy this is agreat day the jubilant Riedel said asthe team cruised ovor the Fullerton airport toward a goal of 1000 hours And its the longest endurance record all right chimed in Bar ris Why it seem like weve been up here since we were small boys Great going fellows Nice work Congratulations These were the greeting yelled up to Barris and Riedel by Carroll and Schlieper from a jeep that sped along under the plane the Sunkist Lady Carroll now a captain with American Airlines and Schlieper associated with an air operations concern at Long Beach shook hands from the jeep with the men who passed their 10yearold mark Two thousand spectators were at the airport Costs Hit The endurance flight sponsored by the Fullerton Chamber of Com merce has cost about to date The businessmen of this lit tle city of 18000 chipped in to de fray the cost Fullerton wants bet ter airport facilities and hopes this successful flight will point up attention to the necessity Were tired but were going after that 1000hour mark said Riedel Riedel and Barris added a new twist to endurance flying which became a rage in 1929 and tapered off after 1939 The Fullerton duo took the scenic route Instead of droning over a specific area they went out to see the country Left March 15 They left March 15 in their sin gleengine plane on the first cross country nonstop flight to Miami Fla and got back last week They spent considerable time over vari ous Florida cities and retunied via Beaumont San Angelo New Or leans El Paso and Tucson Their Aeronca plane is just Issy Thinks Men Should Wear Mad Gay Bonnets LONDON April 14 UP Pink Easter bonnets for men The time has come say the mad hatters Theyre a newlyformer Brit ish society for the promotion of brighter hats for males They promise to wear some illustra tions in Sundays traditional Easter parade in Hyde park Were going to strike a blow for poor drab Englishmen founder member Issy Bonn pro claimed Thursday Hes a well known radio comedian Why shouldnt man wear mad gay hats Why should men be submerged by feminine fripperies Let Londons love lies be there Bonn says lies going to lead a party of fellow members into the park at noon Sunday Im wearing a pink trilby and I hope therell be other hats of Cambridge blue gold pea green and burgundy Bonn laid large enough to sleep one hard by the control stick It packs 81 gallons of gasoline enough for 12 hours of flying the refuelling was accomplished by contact with jeeps from which was hoisted small containers Food and water went up the same way Riedel and Barris have a vet eran refuelling crew of three men who have driven to various cities to set up the important ground facilities for keeping the little plane aloft This was the fourth attempt of the Fullerton men to crack the record They tried twice last Oc tober They appeared to be well on the way to a record last December when ice on the carburetor grounded them after 568 liours 47 minutes GOP Blesses New Labor Bill in House WASHINGTON April 14 UP new labor bil which would repeal the TaftHartley act but reenact nearly all its major pro visions was introduced in the house Thursday by a Georgia Democrat with strong Republi can support Its author Rep John S Wood D said the effect would be to liberalize the TaftHartley statute Republican backing also was evident for another bill offered by a Democrat Thursday as a substitute for a piece of major administration legislation Offered by Lucas That was a measure offered by Rep Scott W Lucas D to raise the minimum wage from its present level of 40 cents an hour to 65 then tie its future fluctuations to the cost of living The administration wants 75c minimum Republicans said Woods Taft Hartley repeal bill was drafted Lhis week in meetings of Repub lican House leaders with labor committee Republicans One added that he and other Repub licans finally approved it Thurs day before it was introduced Woods bill while retaining most major provisions of the Taft Hartley act would make certain changes in that statute He listed them as follows 1 Allow unions having union shop contracts to compel the dis charge of members for taking jart in wildcat strikes or belong ng to Communist or subversive organizations Unions now can expel members and force their discharge only for failure to pay dues Eligible for Vote 2 Permit striking employes to vote in union representation elec tions even if they are no longer eligible to be reinstated in their iobs 3 Let union members refuse within reasonable limits to work on goods from a plant where there s a strike 4 Abolish the mandatory fed eral court injunction in secondary oycott cases The national labor joards general counsel would have discretionary authority to seek an injunction in any unfair labor jractice case but would no longer e required to do so 5 Eliminate the present labor ward arbitration procedure for settling junsdictional disputes House Senate Approve Billion ERP Bill TAKES RECESS House Okehs Billion Agency Fund WASHINGTON April 14 UP house Thursday cleared its decks for a 10day Easter holiday by passing its last biff money bil for fiscal 1950 a whopping appropriation for 29 independent government agencies The third largest spending bil of the current session it carries for atomic energj and atom bomb production and for the Veterans administration Running way ahead of the sen ate on its legislative program the house quit until April 25 The senate recessed only from Thurs day night until Monday The sen ators debated their housing bil Thursday and will take it up again after their brief recess Receives Money Billg The senate now has received from the house all nine major money bills for the new fiscal year beginning July 1 but has not acted on any of them But the senate appropriations committee Thurs day approved its first raised the amount asked by Pres Harry S Truman by 5161000000 The committee hiked the fund for the Labor department and fed eral security agency to 000 In addition to being more than the president asked it was over the amount pro vided by the house Top Truman Proposal The committee said it felt duty bound to go above Mr Trumans recommendations for various pro grams which it called vital to the welfare of the nation These in cluded vocational education can cer research heart disease re search dental research and veter ans employment services The bill would give the Labor department the fed eral security agency and the railroad retirement board In addition to the Independent agencies bill the house passed an emergency measure to give nu merous government departments temporary operating funds This was required because senatehouse conferees failed toreachagree ment on a more formal deficiency bill granting them until July 1 Senate Defers Action The senate however deferred action on this measure until Mon day The house Wednesday completed action on the armed services spending bill mak ng total appropriations in two days of more than ialf the total federal budget The louse has now appropriated 399000000 for fiscal 1950 in cash and contractauthorizations House Democratic Leader John W McCormack of Massachusetts boasted to the house that it is far ahead of its normal schedule With some exceptions he said egislation covering most major joints in Pres Trumans state of he union message is in process of enactment Bulgaria Premier 111 SOFIA Bulgaria April 14 Premier Georgi Dimitrov is ill and now is in the Soviet Union for med cal treatment the central com mittee of the Communist party announced Thursday night The central committee and the minis terial council issued a special joint communique which said Dimitrov he partys general secretary has een granted leave of absence European Funds Measure Waits Truman Signature WASHINGTON April 14 European na tions were assured another 15 months of Marshall plan aid Thursday to help them rebuild their warshattered economies and resist communism First the house and then the senate approved a compro mise bill providing for the foreign aid program through June 30 1950 The measure now goes to the White House for Pres Harry S Trumans signature The house passed the measure by voice vote with no dis sent heard after Chairman John Kee D W Va of the house foreign affairs committee praised it as a finer stronger bill than the original house and senate versions Follows Suit The senate quickly followed suit also by voice vote after a brief economy speech by Republican leader Kenneth S Wherry of Nebraska House and senate conferees had rushed the compromise to comple tion in a sixhour session Wednes day to clear the bill before the congressional Easter recess which begins Friday The 1creign aid program has technically lapsed since April 2 when last years bill expired but previous purchases have kept the pipelines full and the program Senate Drives To Enact Housing Bill WASHINGTON April 14 The drive to enact a big public housing and slum clearance bil started in the senate Thursday with broad backing from both Democrats and Republicans Anticipating arguments that the bill is socialistic in concept Sen Burnett R Maybank D S C opened the debate with the de claration that there is nothing in the measure that would permi the federal government to forci any program on any community Maybank is chairman of thi senate banking committee whicl approved the multibillion dolla program Bipartisan Sponsorship Eleven Democrats and an equa number of Republicans are spon soring it They represent nearl onefourth of the entire senate membership Despite this indication ot wide spread support for the bill op ponents sat by with a sheaf o proposed amendments Senators Homer P Cain R Wash and John W Bricker R Ohio ire offering several of them jointly The bill provides for Construction of 810000 pub lie housing units in the next nix years with the government con tributing up to a year to finance the projects over a 40 year period Slum Clearance 2 A fiveyear slum clearance program 3 A fouryear pro gram of building farm homes 4 A housing research program aimed at cutting the costs of wilding Maybank said the big goal is decent homes for all families He said the program would strengthen private enterprise Foes of the public housing pro gram in and out of congress have contended it would lead to so cializing the building industry Two similar bills have died in the louse in past sessions because of this opposition Bar Racial Segregation One of the amendments that Sricker and Cain are prepared to jush would bar racial segregation among the tenants of public nous ng Backers ot the bill contend It s being offered in an attempt to kill the measure although Bricker and Cain denied this Three northern Democrats vol unteered to fight the amendment of Illinois Humphrey of Minnesota and Taylor of Idaho They said they favor antisegre gation legislation but think it and similar civil rights measures should be handled separately Dont Think So Much Avoid Modern Ills Surgeon Says LONDON April 14 live a long time to stay happily married to get ahead in the world to avoid ulcers and high blood pressure stop thinking so much Thats the advice to a harried modern world from Sir Heneage Ogilvie one of Britains greatest surgeons in Thurs days issue of the British Medical journal He wrote that overthinking upsest glands Modern conditions tend to interfere with this alter nation between work and rest particularly between mental work and mental rest The doctor pointed out that stress diseases are seldom encountered in the placid and the lazy He advised the middleaged man to take it easy and to quit fighting once he got ahead in the world It is not so much how much he thinks but what he thinks about that leads a man to the surgeons knife What exhausts is effort rather than use the perform ance of tasks that are distasteful or that are beyond easy fulfillment That kind of exhausting thought is the price the mil lionaire pays for his dictatorship and the clerk pays for his failure has not been interrupted The bill passed Thursday pro vides no actual cash That must come later in separate appropria tion legislation Republicans have promised an allout fight then to cut the amount granted Under Amount The legislation is under the amount asked by the administration The cut1 war in requests for permission to grant contracts in addition to the 430000000 in direct cash spend ing Congress provided an extra however to assure investors abroad that they can take their profits in dollars Thill the overall total is identical to that asked by the president The measure splits the 000000 into two parts 000 to be spent during the rest of the current fiscal year ending June 30 and the remaining 280000000 for the following 12 months Another Feature Another feature makes 000000 in unspent China aid money Available until next Feb 15 This caii be spent at Mr Trumans discretion but only In nonCommunist areas in China The senate wrote in this clause and the house accepted it Another senate proposal ac cepted would deny aid to the Netherlands if the United Nations should order economic penalties against the Dutch for refusingto obey U N orders in the Indo nesian war REPLY TO SOLON Acheson Says China Aid Foolish Now WASHINGTON April A senators proposal to give Na tionalist China in military and economic aid waa flatly opposed Thursday by Secy of State Dean Acheson He said that if this country undertook a program of such magnitude the outcome would be catastrophic His opposition apparently ended once and for all Nationalist Chi nas hopes of getting large scale American help in its losing battle against Communist forces March 15 Letter Acheson outlined his views in a etter dated March 15 to Chairman Tom Connally D Tex of the senate foreign relations commit tee in answer to a request tot comment on a China aid bill in troduced by Sen Pat McCarran P The secretary pointed out that despite the fact China has gotten over in U S aid since VJ day the military situa lon there has crumbled to the point where the Chinese Com munists hold almost all the im portant areas of China from Man to the Yangtze river He iaid further the Red forces are capable of eventually dominating south China as well No Evidence There is no evidence Acheson aid that the furnishing of addi ional military material would alter the pattern of current devel pments in China Under the meas ure McCarran proposed earlier in he year would be armarked for military for civilian relief and ecovery and to used as a stabilization fund tc bolster the currency ;