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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 13, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intcrmountain Network Station KALL Monday Throujh Friday fib WEATHER Partly cloudy Wednesday cooler Details on Page 13 VOL 158 NO 181 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH WEDNESDAY MORNING APRIL 13 1919 PRICE FIVE CENTS President Urges Senate Pact Nod Avows Treaty Smooths Road To Peace Battles Brutality WASHINGTON April 12 Harry S Truman urged the senate Tuesday to help western Europe ward off brutality and aggression by pledging United States partnership in the Atlantic pact Such action he said would be a long step on the road to peace Thus as he began his fifth year as the nations chief Mr Truman pointed anew to his belief that an enduring peace is an obtainable goal This treaty he said makes cear the determination the peo ple of the United States and of our neighbors in the north Atlantic community to do their utmost to maintain peace with justice and to take such action as they may deem necessary if the peace is 1950 SHOW Census Aids Rehearse Nose Count By AKTHUR EDSON WASHINGTON April 12 The census bureau has had two practice runs and now is read for its dress rehearsal for the 1950 census Maybe you never thought about a censustaker practicing census taking But he does Lowell T Gait who heads the census bureaus field operations told me Tuesday that practice drills have been held at Cape Gi rardeau Mo and in rural coun ties of Illinois Indiana and Ken tucky Another final or dress re hearsal will begin soon in Ander son S C Certainly we need them Gait said I guess we made every mistake that could be made at Cape Girardeau Weve ironed out most of the bugs though and Im hoping all will go well at An derson The 1950 be taken the first week of next mark the first time that the bu reau has used selfcensustaking censustakers The censustakers call this scheme selfenumeration and next year it will be applied to farmers Here is how it wiH work officials hope Census blanks will be dropped in each of the nations 6000000 R F D boxes The farmers among every R F D patron is a farmer of then sup posed to dash in from their spring plowing pick up the communica tion from Uncle Sam and fill out blanks like fury The censustaker then will drive by pick up the filledout sheet and all will be lovelv Dairyman Aids Oleo Repeal WASHINGTON April 12 UP M Nash a plaintalking dairy farmer from Fall City Wash said Tuesday he would rather risk the competition of oleomargarine than the anger of the nations housewives Nash who milked his own cows by hand before flying to the capital told the senate finance committee the dairy industry should be ashamed to oppose re peal of federal oleo taxes and han dling charges The senators are considering a houseapproved bill to remove the lOcapound federal tax on pre mixed yellowcolored oleo and the c levy on the plain white variety said he thought his in dustry was doing itself more harm than good Sen Hugh Butler R one of 26 senators who wanted to bar the sale of colored oleo in inter state commerce asked what Nash would do if someone came up with a good substitute for milk Ill never stand in the way of progress he replied Id sell every cow I have tomorrow and get into that business or some other business Senate Democratic leader Scott W Lucas of Illinois said it seemed to him that the annual fight in congress over the oleo tax merely brought the spread to the attention of housewives and stimulated sales Nash agreed I j broken I Mutual Agreement The president submitted the mu tual defense agreement for senate ratification only eight days after the historic document was signed here by Secy of State Dean Ache son and the foreign ministers of 11 other nations The peaceful objectives of the mutual aid pact also were stressed anew by Secy of State Acheson in a separate report to the presi dent Acheson said the alliance mem bers in signing the accord reaf firm their faith in the purposes and principles of the United Na tions charter and their desire to live at peace with all peoples and all governments By pledging their joint aid hi said they express their determi nation to safeguard the freedom and the common heritage and civilization of their peoples founded upon the principles o democracy individual liberty and the rule of law No Commitment Acheson went on to repeat pre vious assurances that there is no automatic commitment for this nation to go to war in an efforl to help an alliance member under attack He said the treaty poses an obligation upon each party to use its honest judgment as to action it deems necessary to re store and maintain the security of the north Atlantic area The essence of the agreement ie said is the recognition of the fact that an armed attack on any of the north Atlantic nations is in effect an attack upon them all directed squarely against our common democratic way of ife While the senate is expected to approve the treaty by a large mar gin when it is finally brought to a vote there were prospects of org debate ahead before the show down ballot Hearing Delay Chairman Tom Connaily D Tex told reporters that the sen ate foreign relations committee probably will not open its hear ngs on the pact until April 25 although the group originally had banned to begin them next Mon day Mr Truman did not touch on the ssue of rearming western Europe n his special message but he has aid that the military aid pro gram will be submitted after it has been cleared by the budget bu reau and other agencies concerned The arms project reportedly will ost around the irst year and the question of its inancing already has become a leated issue on Capitol hill In stressing the peace goal the iresident said the Atlantic pact is an expression of the desire of he people the United States or peace and security for the con inuing opportunity to live and in freedom Grown Too Small But he said that events of his century have taught us that cannot achieve peace mde The world has grown oo small The oceans to our east nd west no longer protect us from he reach of brutality and aggres Cripps Austerity Budget Wins House of Commons Favor LONDON April 12 house of commons accepted Sir Stafford Cripps iron budget in principle Tuesday night by 302 votes to striking triumph for the chancellor of the ex chequer Only a handful of backbench Laborites carried their disapproval of certain features of the budget such as the rise in food costs to the point of abstaining from vot ing Division was forced by ths two Communist members They acted as teller in the vote and were supported by D N Pritt and John PlaitsMills both of whom have been expelled from the Lflbor party and by an independ ent member Aa the Conservatives did not take part in the division govern ment leaders had reason to be well satisfied with the way the in cipient r e v o 11 apparently dwindled to such small dimensions Sir Stafford Cripps made it easier for the rank and file to swallow his proposals He wound up debate with a strong attack on Conservative leaders commended trade union leaders for holding back claims for higher wages and placed greater emphasis on the value of social services than he did in introducing the budgetlast week He disclosed incidentally that be had based his estimates In the coming year on the assumption that the level of prices on the stock exchange would be lower Merger Machinery Too Squeaky Secretary of the Army Kenneth C Royall gestures with his spec tacles testifying Tuesday belore senate armed services He expressed alarm at the unification Jaw for the armed services Tammany Snubs FDR Sons House Seat Bid NEW YORK April 11 municipal court judge won the indorsement of Democratic or ganization leaders Tuesday for a vacant congressional seat which Franklin D Roosevelt Jr wants Justice Benjamin Shalleok was chosen by the Tammany Hall executive committee for Pemocratic nomination in a spe cial election May 17 to fill the seat left vacant by the death of Rep Sol Bloom a Democrat Members of the Democratic county committee from the dis trict the 20th congressional on Manhattans west side will make the formal nomination next Monday It is almost cer tain they will follow the indorse ment of the executive com mittee Atrocities Trial Convicts 14 Nazi Officials NUERNBERG Germany April 12 U S war crimes court announced Tuesday the conviction of 14 former nazi government of ricials of crimes against humanity n the murder of 6000000 Jews Thevote of the three judges wastwo to one The majority reasoning was that he man who signs a death war rant is as guilty as theman who mils the trigger All the 14 the court held helped Hitler carry out historys most systematic program of race ex ermination Only seven of the 11 defendants in this closing American war crimes case escaped conviction on that count Five Acquitted Five of the 21 defendants were cquitted of the mass murder harge The other two had not ieen accused of that crime which s only one of seven the prosecu ion attributed to the group Two defendants walked from jail Tuesday freed of all charges These were Otto Meissner one ime chief of the presidential hancellery and Otto von Erd mannsdorf who was deputy chief if the foreign office political di The court said Meissners role n the nazi program was hardly more than that o a messenger on Erdmannsdorf was termed little more than a chief clerk Crimes Against Humanity Those convicted on this count were Lutz Schwerin von Krosigk for mer minister of finance Emil uhl who was Reichsbank direc or Walter Schellenberg intelli gence official Hans Kehrl Indus rial planner Lt Gen Gottlob ierger head of the main office of Hitlers S S Elite guard corps tto Dietrich Hitlers press chief lichard Walther Darre minister food and agriculture Hans Heinrich Lammers chief of the leichschancellery Wilhelm Stuck rt state secretary in the interior ministry Edmund Veesenmayer vhom the nazis made virtual dic ator of Hungary WJlhelm Kep ler Hitlers economics adviser nd Gustav Steengracht von Moy and Ernst Woermann and Baron Ernst von Weizsaecker of the for ign office Royall Assails Unity Law For Services WASHINGTON April 12 jSecy of the Army Kenneth C I Royall Tuesday blasted the prcsen armed services unification law as tooweak and a cause for serious alarm in evcntof war Further Royall told congress the law cost the country one billion dollars in savings this year because it didnt give the secretary of de fense enough authority over the army navy and air force Worse Prepared We are worse prepared today to meet an emergency than before we had unification Royall told the senate armed services com mittee The committee Is considering changes in the compromise act passed in 1947 In effect Royall asked that he be demoted As one step in giving the secretary of defense more power he urged that the secretaries of the army navy and air force be made undersecre taries In compromising conflicts that arose over the original act the secretary said congress tried to meet every little breeze that blew just cant do that Notes Differences Obviously he referred to dif ferences between the armed serv ice branches that led to the com promises This as between the navy and air force over the role of air continued since the act was passed Royall said that what is needed is strong oneman direction of the defense establishment He said the secretary of defense should be jiven approval of the effect real unifica ior for better security and economy The secretary said this should nclude power to abolish the marine corps and make it part of the army if necessary and to settle the air power battle between Jie air force and the navy When he mentioned that a bil ion dollars could have been saved his year by such a provision Sen Leverett P Saltonstall R tfass asked whether Royall was questioning the wisdom of exist ng unification under the 1917 act I more than question it I think ts undesirable Royall shot back British Laborites To Extend Grip On Big Industries LONDON April 12 Labor party said Tuesday it will put five more big businesses under public ownership if it wins Britains 1950 election The partys executive commit tee marked cement life insur ance sugar making and refin ing private and municipal water companies and all suitable min erals for nationalization Nationalization of the chemi cal industry also was promised if that becomes necessary to assure vital national interests Development of municipal or other public ownership of fruit andvegetable wholesale market ing was forecast along with gov ernment industry to compete with private business where necessary to control monopolies V House Votes Billion To Continue Europe Aid Truman Starts Fifth Year As President WASHINGTON April 2 CUP Harry S Truman observed his fourth anniversary in office Tuesday by slipping for a momen back to the role he loves place in the United States senate a solemn tribute to the late Pres Franklin D Roosevelt This fourth anniversary of his ascendancy to the highest elective office in the land was one of both joy and grief for the onetime Missouri farm boy Revisits Senate Haunts There was a spring in his step and a broad smile on his face as rte revisited senate haunts where he spent the 10 happiest years of his life He lunched with old sen ate colleagues and left informa notes at the desks of two friends who were absent when he called But there was a note of sadness and a choke of emotion in his voice as he stood at his old seat in the senate chamber and pak his tribute to the man he suc ceeded as one of the presidents this country has ever had Senators and gallery visitors arose and applauded the presi dents unexpected appearance in the senate chamber Promises Best Efforts He again promised to do my level best to carry the tremen dous burden1 which fell on him that fateful April 12 1945 ant voiced hope that history wouk say the effort was not in vain Recalling the events of the daj which are written so indelibly in lis mind Mr Truman told the hushed I xvant it very clearly under stood that on rny part there is no celebration on this day It is a day of sadness for me because we ost at that time Franklin D Roosevelt in my opinion one of he greatest presidents this coun ry ever had and it became neces ary for me to assume a tremen dous burden that evening The president who will be 65 See Page 2 Column 5 Throngs Thrill To Moons Total Eclipse NEW YORK April 12 arths shadow dimmed the full noon Tuesday night as thousands vatched the first total lunar clipse since 1915 The phenomenon was visible ver half the earth wherever here was night The moments of otal eclipse were around 11 pm but a shadow was moving ver the moon before 10 pm Scientists posted themselves at antage points on Long Island nd 150 persons crowded the ob ervation deck atop the Empire tate bldg A cloudless night marred only y a slight haze gave New York rs a clear view Scientifically the eclipse meant lat the earth stood exactly in ne between the moon and the nn It blocked out the light with rhich the sun usually illuminates he moon Even at the height of the eclipse lough the moon was not com letely blackedout It shone with dull reddish glow the reflection f some sunlight which bounces to t off the earths atmosphere The eclipse even in the last mo nents when the moon disappeared i shadow got scant attention some New Yorkers At Rockefeller center crowds anding around the outdoor ice tating rink riveted attention on caters of the sky aove Most of the intcrmountain audi nce got in only on the finale of le worlds biggest show Tuesday ight but all who did agreed it as worth the of admisison The price several hours watching for a break in the Imost endless bank of murky ouds that swept the area in ome places dumping light rain nd sleet The cloud curtain lifted in most terrnountain areas for the last lird of the threehour 26minute icctacle and ndiscouraged observers watched crescent moon grow into a full right orb Watchers provided with tele copes were able lo enjoy the lanyhued speotrums usually scon ong the light line as the earth its outline across the face of Us satellite Son J Howard McGrath Ar ranged Truman honor banquet SPONTANEOUS HURRAH AEC Choice Stimulates LongDelayed Growth Editors note Ono of 1m must Imixirtnnt dfivclopmenls In ninny In the Intrrtnnutiluii arcn I lie remit nf lift ntontii cniiuiiftnlon to tail Id a ntuniic rnartur plant bet wren HI ark foot and Irtn roHmvinp ariirli Is HIP second in n designed to del all what the project Is all about and it will ninm to the area imimviiiR itnirn is IMP seconn HI n about and what it will mciui the area By PERRY SWISIIER Tribune Pocatcllo Bureau Chief From Salmon City on the edgi of Idahos primitive area to Black foot on the upper Snake river plains there isnt a only one overworked doctor Thai is a span of 200 When Arco Mayor Win Marvel gets a tooth ache he drives62 miles to Black foot for relief There you have a key to the spontaneous hurrah from eastern Idaho clear into the primitive area When the Atomic Energy commis sion blandly dropped a project into the Arco desert in olving 6000 workers at the con struction peak and 2000 perma nent employes the thinly sprin cled townspeople and ranchers didnt wait for starting dates or further news Hope Greatest Benefit In an expanse greater than the average New England state people n each town hoped the greatest Benefit be to our town Small towns that by circum stance stayed small in the years hat the Snake river plains bred cities grew the imagi nation Now the AEC says only a hand ul of preliminary workers will je hired this year local pride and lopes have time to adjust them selves Traveling through the atomic Bonanza Belt the excitement is understandably inversely propor ional to the size of the community Arco Valiant Village In Arco population 700 a val ant little settlement that has ought for every inch of its growth oward the surrounding sandstone iluffs I found a boom town air t is a good man who can breathe hat atmosphere and not be in oxicated by it Where a strange license plate itood out a few weeks ago I ruised the main drag looking for i parking place What a setup or a parking meter salesman I talked with an electrical con ractor in the morning who had ome ona flying rumor to estab ish a business of his own When I alked to a village official that afternoon this same man had 15Month Extension Wins Lopsided 35448 Okeh WASHINGTON April 12 a vote of 354 to 48 the house Tuesday passed a bill to continue the Marshall plan of European recovery for another 15 months The vote came after 13 hours of debate It took the senate 13 days to pass a similar measure setting a limit on the spending The senate vote was 70 to 7 The Democraticcontrolled house with some Republican support beat down every attempt to strike millions of dollars from the bill or write in other major changes Would Okeh Aid The house measure would authorize continued U S aid until July 1 1950 subject to possible later cuts by the senate and house appropriations committees It also provides to encourage American private business to invest in recovery projects abroad Such investments would be guaranteed against loss by confiscation of property overseas Differences between the senate and house matter of plus some minor now go to a joint conference The compromise version Will then be subject to a new vote in each chamber As the next step the appropria tions committees will recommend the actual money bill for approval by both houses Before Passage Before final passage four and onehalf hours after the house met at 11 am the lawmakers re jected an amendment by Rep John E Fogarty D R to withhold Marshall plan funds to England as long as North Ireland is held separate from Ireland The lopsided final vote came after Majority Leader John W McCormack D pleaded against a OOPled economy grown by whispers to an engi neer sent in here by the Atomic Energy commission Federal en gineers laying out a new townsite proved to be a survey crew broughl in by Arco leaders to plat unde veloped ground There were si few Who talked dif ferently Genevieve Rose who publishes the weekly Arco Adver tiser she is buying from former Gov C A Bottolfsen the towns top citizen thought this mighl be time for meto leave She had enjoyed Arco as a peaceful refuge she said A service station oper ator offered for his modest See Page 6 Column 6 GEORGIA STORMS Twister Hits Four Towns MANCHESTER Ga April 12 tornado Tuesday ripped through four Georgia towns killed one person injured at least a score and destroyed many homes and other property Dr James Johnson Red Cross chapter chairman in this west central Georgia city of 5000 asked the Red Cross disaster relief serv ce for bloodplasma for the in jured here Other towns reported hit ware Zebulon Griffin and Concord In Zebulan there were no re jorts of injuries Several houses and trees were blown down and automobiles overturned by the twister In Griffin an outskirts mill community was hit Five minor in uries were reported and 20 homes damaged Power lines were down over a wide area The Red Cross said property damage at Zebulon was extreme The damage at Concord could not e estimated No injuries were re ported The Red Cross said 12 homes icre were destroyed and 15 others seriously WASHINGTON April 1Z UP Walter Granger and Reva BeckBogbne Utah Democrats voted to continue the European recovery program Rep John Sanborn Idaho publican opposed Rep Compton I White Idaho Democrat did riot vote drive with a warning that tht world is looking either to Wash ington or to the Kremlin Administration forces had brief scare when Rep John M Vorys R who piloted the original Marshall program through the Republicancontrolled house last year suddenly announced he would support a nibneycutting amendment Swiftly Rejected But in the showdown the house swiftly rejected 1 An amendment by Rep Prince H Preston Jr to trim or 10 from the bill The vote was 140 to 68 2 An amendment by Rep Lawrence H Smith R to cut off or about This lost by 162 to 86 3 An amendment by Rep Frederick R Coudert Jr R N to knock out the entire for U S aid in the next fiscal year beginning July 1 Coudert offered his proposal as a delaying action until we know low much is needed for military aid to Europe or if military aid is needed The administration has said it Join Democrats On the passage vote 123 Re publicans joined 229 Democrats in avor of the bill Against itwere 10 Democrats 37 Republicans and one American Laborite Rep Vito Marcantonio of New Tork After the Smith amendment defeated Vorys took a new ap roach with an amendment of his own to curb what he termed the give away of American billions ANNIVERSARY OF DEATH Nations Honor FDR Memory HYDE PARK N Y April 12 representative of Pres Harry S Truman placed a wreath on the grave of the late Pres Franklin D Roosevelt anniversary of his death The presidents tribute a fern wreath was placed on the grave by Col Perry Smith of the U S military academy at West Point Mrs Eleanor Roosevelt and son Elliott stood nearby during the ceremonies They were joined for later ceremonies by Mrs El liott Faye Emerson Roosevelt Mr and Mrs John Roosevelt and Franklin D Roosevelt Jr Accompanying Smith for the ceremony was an honor guard of one officer and two enlisted men from the academy Immediately after Pres Tru mans wreath wan laid on the grave wreaths from Winston Churehill and Bernard Baruch were placed Columnist Drew Pearson placed a wreath on behalf of the French government and former Secretary of the Treas ury Henry Morgenthau Jr placed one in the name of the Roose velt memorial foundation Floral tributes also were pre sented from FDR post 1284 American Legion and the Jew ish War Veterans both of New York City Among those present were Henry A Wallace former secre tary of War Robert Patterson and former Sacretary of Labor Frances Perkins FLUSHING N Y April 12 United Nations si lenced the sound and fury of its bickering for one minute Tues day to pay tribute to great statesman of our time and of all time For one minute the entire general assembly stood at silent attention honoring the memory of Franklin Delano Roosevelt one of the great founders of these United Nations who died four years ago without seeing the fulfillment of his dream of a world organization The quotes were those of Dr Herbert V Evatt of Australia president of the assembly who called a halt in the debate on the case of Joseph Cardinal Mindszenty to ask the for the moment of dedication The tribute was unanimous Stiffly Andrei Gromyko out spoken critic of the United States stood with the entire Russian delegation of which is chief Across Uie vast hall stood Americans headed by Sen ren R Austin r ;