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View Sample Pages : Salt Lake Tribune, April 10, 1949

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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 10, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pm Intormoiiiitain Network Station KALL Monday Through Kridsvl gfribtnu WEATHER Fair and warmer Sunday Details on Page 13B VOL 158 NO 178 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH SUNDAY MORNING APRIL 10 1919 PRICE FIFTEEN CENTS Two men comprising a hand vxvavatinn learn are lowered 80 ft into Ihe pit dug beside the water pipe in which 3yearold Kathy Fiscus is trapped On lie surface silent spitlators watch dramatic rescue attempt Arrow Indicates opening of the J4in walcr pipe Parents of Tot N0 SIGNS OF LIFE1N WELL Wait Silently At Fall Scene SAN MARINO Cal April 9 and Alice Fiscus sat in their new sedan Saturday wait Rescuers Poised to Free Tot After House Fund Unit Okehs Record Postwar Arms LONDON REPORT Striiffffliiig Britain GO n Ends Darkness iioir lullimiiic In 111 first In n I nrcfclv nrtiiln nitprar In Tlip liiki Trllinm nil Tlir nrr frank J nolrd hirctKii ulio i nutkiliK n npcdnl lour of Kurnjip for The ami other Clears Billion Budget Upping Truman Request WASHINGTON April 9 house appropriations committee in a mood of defiance toward Russia Saturday voted 15909116800 to the armed forces for the fiscal year starting July 1 It was a postwar record It also was more than Pres Harry S Truman asked The committee overruled Mr Truman and voted to give the air force a big boost toward LONDONLast April 2 was the night Londoners had the 70 combat groups it feels is the minimum for national security 15y FRANK GERVASI SAN MARINO Cal April 9 W I lays Once down at the bottom I Kelly sighted the arm and dress Desperate rescuers Saturday the workers will pick and shovel But officials deemed it too dan waited for since Aug 31 1939 That was when the lights weni out in this great gray city by the Thames and all over England Europe and eventually most ofi the world a deadly darkness spread The night of April 2 the lights went on again Until then Londoners had lived n a penumbra of peace Since VE day their streets were only part y lighted at night Their big signs he movie and theater marquees ind the shop windows remained dark Coal for generating power emained short What there was of t was sifteded to energize factories or for export to earn sterling and vherever possible precious dollars More Coal Now But there is more coal now at east enough of those relatively nferior grades used in power pro duction to permit Piccadilly Cir cus and Oxford street and the Strand to glow again Now the big signs and the marquees sparkle and the shop windows shimmer Londons streets and the streets of every city and town in the king dom were crowded with happy Britons The pubs did a lively trade n spite of the high prices and off standard quality of their wares Britons individually and collective ly fulfilled the promise of their gay wartime song Im Going to Get Lit Up When the Lights Go ing hopefully for word of their j than 100 feet beside the abandoned daughter Kathy 3 trapped in anweii in which threeyearold Kathy night pushed a shaft down more j a tunnel through to the 14inch well pipe in which the child lies at least 94 feet down abandoned water well where sheJFiscus lies trapped and prepared Thcrp nn nf 1fp fell Friday afternoon to diethrough to the child to dig through to the child A huge rotary drill pushed its paper reporters and friends shieldj way down a 30inch shaft to about ed them from the curious They refused to talk to news by to follow Blickensderfer in re 1101 feet and Raymond A Hill What can I sav Fiscus rei supervisingoperations gave the peated over and over All we can order to miner whltey Blickens do is hope for the best You can drfer to be lowered into the nar sce for yourself what they are Plt Minutes later the doing i first 20foot section of a 24inch pipe was lowered into place in Of All day the 42yearold manager chamber Iom of theCalifornia Water and Tele Several other workmen stood phone Co sat with his wife while friends brought them word about the progress of rescuers laboring 100 yards away Only briefly in the early ing did they retire to their small i white cottage 300 vards from the j vacant lot where Kathy tumbled through a Minch opening into the 230foot well Fiscus returnee to thc automo bile shortly before dawp Tt wasnt j long before his wife 32 joined from the well 27 hours after little Kathy slipped into its weedcov ered mouth in a vacant lot near her home Although the rescue shaft is only three feet from the well open ing at the surface Hill estimated that the curvingpipe might lay as far as eight feet from the bot Express Tieup By President WASHINGTON April 9 Serous to dig deeper there So roof tne war tary drilling was resumed in the original rescueshaft Dr Robert J McCullock the The h for rationed taxloaded Britons The return of the lights meant definitely the end Frank Gervasl Roves Europe on specinl Tribune assignment Fiscus family physician said that shockand unconsciousness might be sufficient to preclude struggling and fear in themind of the child and sustain her until such time as rescuers get to her 57Ft Depth No sound had been heard from the child since she answered her Relays of firemen pumped air j mother with faint cries shortly aft the 14in pipe at into the pipe in the hope that theier tumbling into child still lived pm Friday him Friends brought them food President Harry S Truman Sat urday named an emergency board including Justice James H Wolfe Neighbors took care of Kathys sister Barbara 9 Two cousins Stanley Lyon 10 and his brother i 5 idled thousands of railway express agency employes in New York for several weeks The dispute itself is nation wide but the stoppage has been limited to the New York City area It began there after the express agency accused the workers of slowdown tactics day night were also in the care of neighbors The parents were joined by Kathys grandparents Mr and Mrs W Kenmore Chula Vista Cal and Mr and Mrs Hamilton Lyon the girls aunt and uncle Mrs Fiscus talked with Kathy for a while before rescue work began PHONES SWAMPED Childs Pliht Employes ibrotherhood represented by the have threatened a Worries S L jstrikp over contract negotiations Some 10000 expressmen in New York have been on a work stop jpage since March 8 halting 20 of the companys national business Ordinarily under the railway I labor law White House intcrvcn i lion means a 60day delay in any Salt Lake City and Utah rajthreatened strike dents joined the rest of the nation Other members of the panel ap Saturciay in a hopeful prayerful Saturday are David Cole anxious wait for news of thejof Paterson N J and Leverett Kathy Fiscus rescue operations Edwards Oklahoma City Okla All afternoon and eveningteleattorney phone calls flooded The Salt Lake Earlier this week officials of TribuneSalt Lake Te 1 cgr a m j the national railway mediation switchboard from persons too j board which handles rail labor anxious to wait for newspaper or disputes before they reach the Machinist O A Kelly working feverishly in one of two rescue shafts sunk on either side of the well pipe reported that he saw a motionless arm and a dress about 37 feet below him after cutting a window in the pipe at about the 157foot level i Kelly used mirrors to shine the suns rays down the pipe Hope was still held out for the child by the Fiscus family physi cian and by the mother Mrs Alice Fiscus who told reporters Our physician has been sohopeful that I feel Kathy cannot be anything but all right Drive Two Shafts Engineers have driven two shafts parallel to the abandoned pipeline that imprisons little Kathy The first started shortly after she fell into the abandoned water well was abandoned a few hours later at 70 feet It was three feet in diameter The second 30 feet across at the mouth was abandoned at 57 feet radio reports White House emergency stage I havent seer anything like said they were awaiting a re it since Ive been an operator j sponge to a proposal that the Miss Eleanor Golding 1002lst express agency and the A F L rail ave said from the switchboard and steamship clerks union Even tiny children almost too refer their disagreement to arbi young to talk were calling forj tration It was said at that time news about Kathy if arbitration were rejected Assistants at the TribuneTele an emergency board was the next gram public information bureau registered 357 calls during one fourhour period Numerous other step A settlement had been proposed under which the express workers calls were taken by switchboard would have received a pay raise of operators and members of the j seven cents an hour immediately editorial staff land gone on a 40hour week next One man Roscoe Clark 33 i September 1157 Harrison ave who said he The Railway Express workers At noon Saturday construction engineer Don Metz said a hole had been drilled into the side of the old pipe at a depth of 57 feet and that a worker shining a flash light believed he sighted a por tion of a dress Metz said the object which ap peared to be a dress was sighted at the 95ft level by looking through the hole which was cut with electric saws We dont know where the little girl is said Hill All we know is that she is more than 75 ft deep in the pipe line Engineers said the wonk was ex ceedingly dangerous because the rescue shaft was dug without sup porting timbers This stuff is pretty soft watch it came a voice from below over the microphone at one point Look out theres a Decade in They had lived in darkness longer than any of the victors of World War years of wartime blackout and nearly four of peace time quasiblackout The event meant much more It promised victory in another battle one waged relentlessly since VE day the battle against bank ruptcy To Britons the significance of the grand illumination was that there was at last coal to burn for the luxury of light And this to jthem heralded victory on the all See Page 9 Column 1 Engineer Metz said he believed theres a better than an even chance that shes still alive if theres not water where she is and we know theres very little water above the 200ft level j v vt vi JU wUUJU JCVIJJ Saturday because of the danger of However a doctor other than caverns and inability of the big Dr McCullock who declined use clam shovels to operate efficiently of his name said he believed that Beyond that point This was the shaft from which i under the circumstances the had been able to squeeze into 12in pipes phoned in to volunteer his services for a descent into thc are demanding a wage increase of 25 cents an hour a reduction in thc work week from 41 to 40 hours well that has imprisoned Kathy so without a cut in pay and overtime pay for weekend work Deep Wells Like Keith fs Trap Dot California Countryside SAN FRANCISCO April 9 a land where water has always been valuable is spotted with wells similar to thc one Kathy Piscus plunged into A little more than four months ago a 4yearold boy lost his life in one of them Its diameter was 14 thc size of the San Marino shaft At Pirebaugh Cal in the evening of Nov 29 last year little Charles Caesar ran away from his mother while playing He stumbled into the unguarded shaft and fell 100 feet to the water level The well 1000 feet deep lay in the middle of a field and Mrs Caesar saw him disappear into the hole A wouldbe rescuer thin 115pound Nate Escoto 24 was lowered with a rope into the shaft down to the water level where thc child had managed to stay afloat Caesar grabbed the feet of Escoto but lost his strength and fell back when rescuers at thc surface began to pull the pair out Escoto could not turn in the narrow shaft to grasp Caesar The shaft was so narrow he skinned his shoulders and arms The boys body was located the next day at the 300foot level Tito Sanctions West Trade Defies Russia BELGRADE Yugoslavia April 9 Tito declared in a major speech Saturday it would be a crime against our socialist country not to trade with western a business basis Boldly defiant the Yugoslav premier accused former comrades in Soviet Russia and the comin form of trying to liquidate him by stirring up civil war He said their propaganda against him was antiMarxist and antiLeninist defamation The Yugoslav news agency Tanjug in a broadcast recorded in London quoted Tito as warning western nations not to count on him in their war plans Neither the official nor the Associated Press translations in Belgrade con taineci the quotation There was hee Page 5 Column 4 no immediate explanation of the Tanjug statement Speaks to Congress Tito spoke to 2500 delegates and spectators at the Third congress of the peoples front in suburban Topchidar A complete departure from the past was the absence of huge pic tures of Tito JoseC Stalin and Lenin among the stage decora tions Stalins pictures have been disappearing since he failed to support Yugoslavia in the dispute with the cominform Communist International Information Backx Western Trade Tito swiftly launched into his dispute with the other Commu nist nations and declared there was more truth than gossip to their stories of western trade with Yugoslavia Are we going to is to buy everything we need and sell everything we can in order to pay for imported machines he asked Of course we will It would be a crime against our socialist coun try if we failed to do so They will give us machines and plants and we shall give them what we have and what we can give money for goods and vice versa Law Re write WASHINGTON April 9 Sens Robert A Taft R O and Irving M Ives R N working ona new fivepart labor bill have tentatively agreed on a national emergency procedure that would authorize injunctions plant seizure and special sessions of Congress The two influential senators have also agreed on the abolish ment of the office of general coun sel of the National Labor Relations board now held by Robert N Den ham That office wag created by the TaftHartley act Bans Closed Shop They would continue the present ban on closed shop contracts but permit the making of preferential hiring contracts Both types are banned by the TaftHartley act In a closed shop only union men can be hired Preferential hiring means the employer must hire un ion men if they are available The TaftIves program now nearly complete was disclosed Sat urday by a competent person who has a detailed knowledge of the discussions between the two sena tors He asked not to be identified by name The agreements are tentative and may be changed in some re spects before the senate labor de bate opens in May Programs Important Points Intense Concern The committees action and testi mony on the bill by military leaders reflected intense concern over Rus sias future intentions Army navy and air force leaders alikegauged their needs on what it would take to slug back victoriously in event of a sneak attack by a potential aggressor They seldom mentioned Russia by name But there was no doubt they meant Russia when they talk ed of the men planes bombs sub marines and foreign bases essential to defense The House is expected to debate thc bill early next week and push it through before a scheduled East er recess starting Thursday Be Prepared The measure is the product of months and hearings on how this country proposes to defend itself Militaryleaders said they did not believe war would start soon But they added over and over we must be prepared Though the committee boosted Mr Thumans total it cut both army and navy below budget es timates to give the air force 00000 in cash and contract author ity The bill which carries a fourth of all government funds split 909116800 among the three sery Europe Arms Could Cut US Budget WASHINGTON April 9 Two influential senate Republicans said Saturday that the forthcom ing armsforEurope program un der the North Atlantic treaty may have to be financed largely by cuts in U S defense spending Sens Homer Ferguson R and Styles Bridges N also voiced opposition to any cutrate or bargain basement sales of American munitions abroad Both are members of the senate appropriations committee which will have to act on any measure actually putting up money for the European program after congress authorizes it Ferguson said he couldhnot see why a lot of the cost of the armsshipment project should not be offset by cuts in U S hiilitary spending in fiscal 1950 Sen Bridges indicated he was in gehr ices ij straight cash The rest is rhone o make contracts which might go into future years Billion Jump Thc cash is a jump of 301000 over that voted by con gress for fiscal 1949 The commit ee said its bill should give the country at least a respectable pos ure of defense and readiness The militarys view on the chance of war was summed up by n Omar N Bradley1 army chiefs of staff He said ho does not ex Dect war But if anybody starts one this country has to be ready to strike back quickly and with devastating power In telling why they want the bil ions finally voted for the commit cash for the army for the navy and for the air force three services made these arguments Traffic Consequence Army Bradley said It would be ragic for our nation if in a future var they rang the bell for round ihree and the army had to answer wait two years and well coine oul swinging Navy Navy Secretary John L ullivan said Adolf Hitler came perilously close to winning his var with only 50 Uboats Russia has 250 The navy is increasing its destroyer fleet from 147 to 170 anc building antisubmarine submar ines Air force Gen Hoyt S Vandcn berg air force chief of staff said that with world conditions as they are today we need a 70frroup air Important points in the TaftIves force Air Secretary W Stuart program as it stands now were Symington believes no possible nnsl 11 i described as follows 1 A new procedure is outlined in national emergency disputes See Page 4 Column 6 aggressor will have the atomic bomb before 1952 but that is all an assumption The air force must be ready to retaliate SCIENCE AWARDS Atomic Cosmic Ray Experts Head Stalin Prize Winners MOSCOW April 9 atomic expert and a cosmicray researcher stood high on the list of 191 Russian scientists who shared in this years Stalin prize awards it was an nounced Saturday Several prizes went to engineers the brother of a polit buro the invention of new types of weapons The council of ministers cabi net announced that a 200000 ruble 540000 first prize went to Georgi D Latyshev for ex perimental researches in the sphere of the atomic nucleus Another top award was won by Moscow university Prof Sergei M Vernov for experimental research in cosmic rays Study of the atomic nucleus is fundamental in the development of atomic bombs Relatively little is known about cosmic rays but it has been estimated that if their energy could be harnessed if would many times as destructive as i of awards as a member of the the present atomic explosives Latyshev was identified in the announcement corresponding Swviet academy of sciences and as head of the laboratory in the academys Leningrad physico technical institution The prize announcement broad cast by Moscow radio said that Latyshev worked on the internal conversion of gamma radiation the fine structure of gamma lines monochromatic positiontrons of internal conversion and the radio activity of beryllium The official radio also broad cast a lengthy commentary by Alexander chairman of the Stalin prize committee NcsmeyAnov gavo additional tails on the work of most win ners but did1 not elaborate on Latyshevs discoveries Artcm Miftoyan noted aircraft designer and brother of Vice ries out arid thus we heed fewer weapons inside of our present boundaries the continehtal United States I dont see why we cant take a lot of the cost out of our own military budget The armsforEurope issue will get a thorough airing in the sen ate starting with debate on rati fication of the North Atlantic pact The administration has iot pub lished an estimate of how much it will ask to carry out the pact and arm its western European mem bers It was understood however that a firstyear figure of 000000 has been discussed by the Budget bureau and State and De fense departments Chief s See Fast House Okeh OfECAFuhd WASHINGTON April 9 UP house began debate ohthe senateapproved economic cooper ation administration extension Saturday with administration eaders predicting quick passage without restrictive amendments Speaker Sam Rayburn of Texas said a Republican move to cut 10 from the European recovery spending would be beaten de cisively He looked for the house o finish general debate Saturday and vote on the bill Monday GOP Trim Defeated Eut Rayburns schedule was up ct by a number of quorum calls and when the house recessed at pm EST it still had 53 of general debate to go House leaders said they would esume at 11 am EST Monday ne hour earlier than usual to vind up Republican efforts to trim the ost of the program were defeated the senate which authorized 15mohth Mar liall plan extension lateFriday ftcr 13 days of debate The sen te bill passed by a surprisingly opsided vote of 70 to 7 To Settle Differences The house measure also called or a 15month extension but set ceiling of on the rogram less than 10 senate authorized But the ouse version would provide for 300000000 fund not in enate bill to guarantee AnicrV an private investments in Europe Differences between the two neasures would have to be ironed ut in conference after the houM cts The big fight in the house cen tered around a proposal by Rep Lawrence H Smith R to cut at from the which the ad ministrationwants to spend on European recovery between now and July 1 Premier Anastas Mikoyan was i Smith said he had powerful awarded 8 for jiuppoii tui yiwi ;