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Salt Lake Tribune, The (Newspaper) - April 4, 1949, Salt Lake City, Utah RADIO NEWS am am pni Intelmountain Network Monday WEATHER Fair Monday somewhat warmer Details on 14 VOL 158 NO 172 SALT LAKE CITY UTAH MONDAY MORNING APRIL 4 1949 PRICE FIVE CENTS LDS President Opens Conference Envoys of 12 Nations Set To Sign Pact Action May Spark New Cold War Crisis With Russ By JOHN M fflGHTOWER WASHINGTON April 3 The grand alliance of the non Communist western world the North Atlantic be signed here Monday by 12 nations intent on pooling their defenses against Russia The action may touch off a new crisis in the cold war Right away Russia has full op portunity to sound off in public debate against the agreement This comes in the United Nations assembly opening Tuesday in New York Pokerfaced Andrei Grom yko will be the Kremlins spokes man The western foreign minis ters will be there to hear what he might say The signing ceremony begins at S pm Seek German Solution The ink of the signatures hardly will be dry when the newfound unity of the west will be brought directly to bear on clearing up the knotty German worst source of friction among the leading western powers Secy of State Dean Acheson British Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin and French Foreign Minis ter Schuman are reported to hav agreed in talks last that solution must be reached Mainl it concerns creation of a wester Oerman government The threepower representative will meet Wednesday and wori intensively three days toward a unified policy on western Ger rnany The aim not only is toas Germanys economic contri bution to general recovery but ti get the troublesome issue out o the way Europe Rearming Meantime U S State depart rnent officials worked overtime Sunday on the American program to help rearm western Europe The aim is to get it ready for White House consideration by Friday The will follow the Atlantic treaty to Capitol hill would call for a total of around the first year In addition a n o t h er would be set up for arms to other nonCommunist countries Once Pres Harry S Truman ap proves it State department offi cials expect to discuss it with con gressional leaders Denies Commitment Secy Acheson contends that the treaty itself makes no com mitment on the United States to furnish arms to Europe The only article bearing on this point is one under which each country would bind itself to the general principle of self help and mutual aid In spite of this fact American and other diplomats agree that the peoples of western Europe confidently expect that American arms will begin to flow to the Atlantic pact countries within a few weeks after tile treaty goes into force Diplomats here are by no means in agreement on what Russias reaction to the new western setup will be Some believe that the Kremlin may content itself with the kind of denunciations of the pact which it has been hurling See Page 9 Column 4 A record crowd of 15000 persons was on Temple square during Sunday mornings session of the 119th annual conference of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints Some 10000 were in the tabernacle 3000 in the Assembly hall and the rest milled around outside Photograph by Van Porter TribuneTelegram staff U N Head Cheers New Alliance As Peace Path NEW YORK April 3 The president of the United Na tions assembly arrived Sunday with a pat on the back for the North Atlantic pact The U N leader Dr Herbert V Evatt told newsmen at La Guardia airport after flying from London that the North At lantic treaty was drawn upin accord with the United Nations charter He came for the assembly ses sion reconvening Tuesday at 3 pm EST Aids said he plans to make another strong appeal for big power cooperation when he starts this second part of the assembly which convened in Paris Sept 21 T am more convinced than ever that the United Nations is the primary organ which will help in achieving peace for the world Evatt said WISE AND PRUDENT Sen George Advises Delay In European Arms Plan WASHINGTON April 3 Sen Walter F George D Ga said Sunday that Pres Harry S Truman would be both wise and prudent to postpone his plan to rearm western Europe lest the new Atlantic pact become a military alliance aimed directly at Russia Such a development George told reporters would have the dual effect of sharpening congressional opposition to the arms program and widening the gulf between the Soviets and the western world Sen Edward Martin R Pa veteran of three wars who rose from an army private to major general voiced fear that the United States might spread itself too thin through the arms proj ect Designed to put teeth into the pact to be signed here Monday by 12 nations the arms plan will go to the budget bureau this week and will call for about in firstyear spending The two senators predicted that congress almost certainly will go slow in underwriting a new mill tary lendease plan and in ratify ing the defense George a ranking member of the senate foreign relations com mittee recently urged that the arms issue go overuntil next year He said then that very strong sentiment may develop against the pact itself if through arms shipments it would become an outright military alliance I hope the administration will be wise and prudent in not ask ing for immediate implementation of the pact through arms ship ment he said Sunday Very strong sentiment against the pact itself may develop if it appears that it is inclined toward a mili tary alliance and it then would result in merely widening the gap between east and the weit j Chinese Reds Pledge Aid To Russians NANKING China April 3 Chinese Communist said amid peace negotiations with the NationalistsSunday night tha they would unite the people o China to fight for Russia in any war between the Soviet union and the North Atlantic treaty nations A Communist broadcast hean in Shanghai quoted a statement sighed by No 1 Communist Mao Tzetung and other leftist lead ers denouncing the western treaty and pledging aid to Russia in event of war 20YearOld War Discussions for settling the 22 yearold civil warbetween the Reds and the Nationalist govern ment continued behind closed doors in Peiping Details of the talks were kept secret but the government party newspaper Central Daily News said the sixman Nationalist dele gation led off with proposals for a ceasefire and the calling of a multiparty political consultation conference This report drew an indirect de nial from official sources who said the early stages were devoted to mapping an agenda for discus sion East and West The Communist broadcast Sun day night saidthat in event of war between east and west even f it should start on the other side of the world the Communists and heir associated democratic par ies would unitethe peopleto march forward hand in hand with the ally of China the Soviet union The joint CommunistLeftist statement condemned the North Atlantic treaty as endangering peace andthe security of man kind by aiming at a new aggres ive world war It was signed by Mao and lead rs of the Democratic league which recently moved its head uarters north from Hong Kong Meanwhile travelers from north China reported that more than 000 university students suspected f antiCommunist thinking have een massed in a huge concentra ion camp near Peiping COMPETITIVE MARKET Ford Slashes to From List Price on Autos DETROIT April 3 Ford Motor Co Sunday announced a competitive cut of to its automobile prices that matched a recent slash by its big jest industry rival General Motors Corp It was the industrys second major reduction within a week KaiserFrazer made its bid in the iicreasingly competitive market by slashing to from its rice tags only last Tuesday Fourth Company Ford became the fourth com jany in the industry to swing rices downward following similar noves by G M KaiserFrazer and Willys Overland Willys Overland clipped to from the price tags on its jeeps pas senger cars and trucks March 17 The Ford cut which is effective Monday marked the second time ince the war that the company lad rolled back prices A similar reduction by Ford in anuary 1947 was wiped out however in the inflationary spiral if wages and production costs List price tags on Ford cars dipped from to Mercurys were cut to and Lincoln and Lincoln Cosmopolitan models were decreased The biggest lash came in Mercury convertible models which dropped from lown to DowntheLlne General Motors made the first owntheIine cut Feb 25 when vages for its production workers ropped under a costofliving lause in its contract with the IO United Auto Workers union he G M cuts ranged from o on the companys five lines f cars and on CMC rucks A Ford statement said that dded production and the small ecrease in prices of some ma erials indicated a reduction in reduction costs Meanwhile a threatened strike t the Midland Steel Cos Detroit lant which furnishes frames for Incoln Cosmopolitans might snarl ord plans for increased produc on The UAW authorized a strike at Midland to start Wednes day Ford truck models were reduced in price ranging from to Policy of Ford It always have been the policy of the Ford Motor Co to keep prices just as low as costs wil allow a company statement said It added that there is a cur rent heavy demand for Ford and Mercury automobiles Firm production schedules have been set for the summer months of June July and August at the highest monthly production rate since April 1937 Added production made pos sible through increased availabil ity of materials and the small de crease in prices of some materials should enable us to make some re duction in production costs The car and truck price de crease is a reflection of these fac tors and we are passing the bene fits along to the buying public immediately Ford said Motor Industrys Big 3 Cool To Auto DETROIT April is little early likelihood of the ma jor automobile companies build a small car stripped of all lux ury items anddecorative trim to sell for about execu tives in General Motors Corp Ford Motor Co and Chrysler Corp said Sunday A car of this type would be expensive to put into production and it would not nieet the comfort and ap pearance standards demanded by Americans they explained Immediately after the war General Motors went so far as to announce it would build a small car in Cleveland Ford built a sample one and Chrysler Engineers were mindful of such a car When the cost experts got through analyzing the figures Ford gave up the idea and Gen eral Motors announced it was shelving its program Forces Crush Costa Rica Army Revolt SAN JOSE Costa Rica April Rica crushed an army revolt Sunday after a night long air artillery and infantry at tack on rebel strongholds in cen tral San Jose Casualties in the 14hour long battle had not been officially to taled but early Sunday estimates indicated that more than 20 per sons were dead and about 100 injured The leaders of the insurrection were jailed They included Defense Minister Edgar Cardona Max Cortes former Costa Rican con sul general in New York and Maj Fernando Figuls rebellious com mander of Bella Vista fortress U S Embassy Hit The U S embassy situated across the street from Bella Vista suffered minor damage in the re volt More than 100 bullets struck the embassy during the night All the windows were broken but Ambassador Nathaniel Davis made no attempt to leave The American ambassador doesnt duck he told an interr viewer Sunday Several other Americans were airly close to the fighting but none was injured Eighteen Miam ans including Mayor Robert L Tloyd spent a restless night in the Grand hotel on whose bal conies several government ma chineguns were located Two Girls Besieged Davis1 private secretary Miss Mary Jane Penney of Chicago and her roommate Miss Barbara Taramore of Roswell N M were esieged for a short time when nsurgents tried to seize their enthouae atop one of the citys lighest buildings One person was killed and sev ral were wounded as loyal sol iers broke up the penthouse at tack but the two American girls were unharmed The outbreak began as a politi al demonstration when Cardonas men seized the Bella Vista and fcrtillerla fortresses late Saturday o back up their demands for the ismissal of four cabinet members nd the repeal of two economic aws Delivers Initial Speech Since Recent Illness Making his first appearance before a large public gathering since recovery from a recent illness George Albert Smith presi dent of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints opened the 119th annual conference of the church Sunday morning ia the historic tabernacle before a record attendance of about 15000 The fact that he appeared welland spoke withhis usual clear firm tones was one of the most gratifying aspects of the session to the thousands of devout church members who filled the tabernacle and overflowed into the grounds and the hearby Assembly hall where televisio equipment was operating Some observers said tills wa the largest crowd ever to attcn a general conf erence session esti i mates of the number present run jning as high as 15000 persons Thanks People Pres Smith thanked the peopl for their prayers in his behalf during two and a half month he spent in southern California re cuperating from his illness whic struck him while in Los Angele attending to matters pertaining t the new temple to be built there He reported that members o the large congregation of Latter day Saints in the Los Angeles ares are establishing an excellent repii tation in the various communitie and many nonmembers are in terested in what the church is do ing in that section The change in attitude toward the church during recent years as evidenced by the tone of news papers and magazine articles was commented oh by Pres Smith who remarked Ifthey dpnf know the beauty of the gospel al least they know we have gome of the best basketball players in the country Instill Faith In Children The church leader deplored the fact that some educators appar ently have no faith in God and reminded parents that in bringing up their children they must instill n them a faith in God and bap ism Proper training of youth was discussed also by David O McKay second counselor in the first presidsney who warned againsi enticing evil practices eliding only iii sorrow He said it is the duty of par mts and the church to teach young people that living a life of moral mrity brings happiness while sin irings only sorrow Too many Ioung people he added respond o the call of their physical na ures too many seek vainly ihort happiness Team for Good Time IE yearning for a good time Mr McKay said they indulge in mlgarity and obscenity drinking and petting unchastity disloyalty and irreverance He declared that in the Church if Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints there is but one standard if morality adding A young man has no more right to sow his wild oats than a young woman He emphasized the spiritual side if man as allimportant and that 10 one will rise high who jeers at acred things Spirituality Mr McKay said is the consciousness of victory vcr self and of communion with he infinite Spirituality impels ne to conquer difficulties and ac uire more and more strength o feel ones faculties unfolding See Page 3 Column 8 BOLD PROGRAM Truman Plan OfWofld Aid Readied WASHINGTON April 3 Pres Harry S Trumans bold new program of assistance to world backward areas may be about ready to lay before congress and the public Wiilard L Thorp assistant sec retary of state said he hopes for presidential approval of it this month Upwards of 500 persons in a score of agencies have been working out details since Mr Tru man broached the idea in his inau gural address V y Thorp said that officials ixpect to recommend below 000000 to provide for technical cooperatton svjth ether erahtrlin the first the first Make Mr when he topic the oath last Jariu ard said we jiiust embark on a hold new program for maWnj the Benefits of our scientific advances and industrial progress available for the improvement and growth of undeveloped areas More than halt I the of the world aire living in conditions approaching Jniseryr Tr tneTrjpgvV erty is a handicap and a threat joth to them and to more prosper of Thorp said also that agencies working on the program are considering several forms of nducement for private capital to nvest abroad Equal Rights Among them he listed treaties by which foreign governments would pledge fair treatment American government guarantees against undue risks and tax con cessions on profits earned abroad Along with Agriculture Secy Charles 5 Branhan and John J McCloy president of the World iank Thory discussed Tru mans project in a broadcast spon ored by the State department The president first broached the Togram m his inaugural address Prepare Specific Proposals A final specific is now eing prepared Thorp iaid There will first have to be consultations ith other countries he noted It will be tip to Mr Truman to lake it public when he has given pproval That will certainly be uring the present session of con rress and I hope this month horp said srael TransJordan Ink Pact Ending Holy Land Conf Ket RHODES April 3 eterans of the IsraeliTransJor an war signed an armistice Sun ay night virtuallyending blood led in the Holy Land The old enemies sat around a quare table in the yellow room f the Hotel Des Roses with Dr alph J Bunche the United Na ons acting Palestine mediator nd fixed their names to the docu lent at pm pm The armistice was both a riumph for the U N which spon ored the negotiations here and a ersonal victory of Dr Ralph J unchs American Negro diplo at who took over as mediator hen Count Folke Bernadotte was ssassinated It represented weeks of tedious uchy discussions guided by unche and virtually completes unches job in the Middle East fter the ceremony he gave a din to celebrate peace in Palestine twccn Arabs and Jews The armistice generally froze raeliTransJordan linei titab lished in an earlier truce and set up an IsraeliTransJordan com mission to settle future territorial disputes such as rival to Beersheba and coastal areas on the Dead sea It did not however mention the Elath coastal strip on the gulf of Aqaba whose occupation by Ish soldiers at one threat ened to disrupt told the they had really signed two in one since it covered not only the sectors occupied by Jordan forces but the Iraqi Mo tors as well It commits Israel and Trans Jordan to a virtual nonaffreaaion pact he declared You wed pens instead of htatory will alwaya be grateful to you TranaJordan will take over the Iraqi sector in PUerttne some amallconceationa havebeen made to Israel to straighten out her lines and back the where they were close to the tea and hampering between Haifa and Tel Av ;