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Ruston Daily Leader, The (Newspaper) - August 13, 1973, Ruston, Louisiana The Huston Daily Leader Volume 79 Number 104 Home Town Newspaper of North Central Louisiana Rustun, Monday, August 13, 1973 10 I'agcs 1 Section Price lOc ACCENT Watergate What Did Nixon Know and When Did He Know? Seems to be the Question WASHINGTON (UPI) "The central question is this: What did President Nixon know and when did he know There still is no clear answer, for in 37 days of hearings (he Senate Watergate committee got several answers. Each conflicted with the one before, and many were al odds with the President's own public statements. (his declined to give the answer. He has declined to appear before the committee or submit a statement. The President may illuminate the issue further this week when he makes a long- waited public presentation on the Watergate affair. The White House has yet to give the time and format for the presentation. The Senate committee, which has. completed the first phase of Its in- vestigation and won't reconvene until after Day, is particularly interested in listening to the White House tapes of the President's conversations related to Watergate. Many Differ About Question Many differ that the basic question facing the committee Is how much Nixon knew about the Watergate affair itself, the break-in at Democratic national headquarters and the effort to cover it up. They argue that Watergate now is but a symbol for a far greater scandal, en- compassing campaign dirty tricks, per- jury and payoffs, among other things. Campaign "dirty tricks" and financing will be two areas the committee will ex- plore this fall. The Senate committee faces the chore of sorting out what is fact in the face of missing records, shredded documents, conflicting testimony and faulty memories of key witnesses. John W. Dean 111, (lie former While House counsel, gave his version to the committee in June. He told of collaborating with Mitchell, White House chief of staff II. II. Haldeman; John D. Ehrlichman, Nixon's domestic affairs adviser, and others in a cpver-up. following the June 17, 1972, Watergate arrests. He said the cover-up Included huge cash payments to the defen- dants, promises of executive clemency, attempts to undermine the Senate hearings, and attempts to blame the CIA for the break-in. They Deny Testimony But when Haldeman and Ehrlichman came before the committee they denied point after point in Dean's testimony and accused him of being the force behind the scandal. Nixon said in a televised April 30 speech that he personally assumed responsibility for coordinating intensive news inquiries into Watergate March 21 and ordered those conducting the in- vestigations to get all the facts and to report theo directly to me, right here in this office." 8 But in the strongest testimony against Nixon since Dean had been on the stand, the three men most directly involved with Continued on page 3 Workshop Slated in Ruston Tuesday The Multi Purpose Center in Ruston is sponsoring a workshop Tuesday, August 14 from a.m. to 12 noon al the Old Lincoln Elementary School. The workshop is for parents and in- terested persons with children who will start cither pre-school Kindergarten or First Grade. Much information will be given in that regard. The workshop is free and everybody is welcome. Today's Weather Riiston-ParOy cloudy through tomorrow with chance of afternoon thundershowcrs. Low tonight in low 70s. High tomorrow in low 90s. Southerly winds 5 to 10 mph. Probability of rain 20 per cent today and 30 per cent tomorrow. Yesterday's high 95, low 71, no rain, barometer 29.93. Leader Index Comics.........................6 Editorial.......................2 Society.........................5 Sports.........................7 Market Reports...................3 GRAFFITI Jet Crashes in Spain No Hope Given for Survivors LA CORUNA, Spain fUPI) A Caravelle airliner of the Spanish Aviaco Air Company exploded in flight today while the pilot was making his fourth landing approach to La Corona's cloud- shrouded mountain lop airport and fell in flames on a village below, an airline spokesman reported. The airline said all 85 persons aboard the twin jet .aircraft were believed dead and there were reports that as many as five inhabitants of the village of Montrove also were killed. Of the night itself, the airline said there is "no hope of survivors." Because of the confusion at the village crash site and the dense clouds and rains there were conflicting reports. Police in La Coruna said rescue operations were still underway and it was not definitely known yet whether there were survivors and whether any villagers had been killed. A spokesman for La Coruna airport and Spanish news reports said at least one person survived the plane crash. The news agency Europa Press said five inhabitants of the village of Montrove also were killed. Aviaco said the Caravelle jet carried 79 passengers and a crew of six. An airport spokesman said it crashed on its fourth attempt to land in bad weather. Cifro reported the pilot had been told shortly before by the control tower that visibility had dropped below minimum levels. The plane, on a scheduled flight from Madrid, made three attempts to land at La Coruna and had just started to circle the cloud-shrouded airport once again when it apparently exploded in the air, the spokesman said. Most of its wreckage fell on an aban- doned farm house in the village of Mon- trove, four miles from the airport. The airport spokesman said radio contact with the plane broke off without any indication of anything being wrong with the plane, apart from Captain Lopez Pascual's apparent difficulties of landing the craft under the prevailing bad con- ditions. Cifra said the crash happened after visibility at the airport had dropped below minimum levels, and that Pascual was informed of the condition. Most passengers aboard the plane ap- peared to be vacationers. La Coruna is one of three airports serving the northwestern Galicia Provinces and its seaside resorts. The illfated flight, AV-11B, is a special vacation flight run daily by Aviaco duing the summer season. Cifra said one of the two injured persons found al the site of the disaster might have been a villager. The plane left Madrid at a.m., more than an hour late for the GO-minute flighl. The crash happened an hour later. La Coruna airport was closed down to all incoming traffic after the crash. Cifra said members of a Barcelona swimming club (Club Nalacion Barcelona) were aboard the plane flying to a swimming meet in La Coruna. The crash was Aviaco's second this year. Another of its two engine Caravelles crashed into the sea near the Azores Islands on a training flight last spring, killing all three crew members abroad. Two other Spanish airliners, a scheduled Iberia DC9 and a chartered Spantax Coronado, collided over France during an air controlers strike in spring killing 68. Last December, another Spanlax Coronado crashed on takeoff from Santa Cruz de Tcncrifc killing all 155 persons aboard in Spain's worst air disaster. Probe in Presidential Campaign Grand Jury to Investigate Activities, and IT7 Settlement WASHINGTON (UPI) A special grand jury was convened today at the request of Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox to Investigate a wide range of activities in the 1972 presidential campaign as well as the ITT antitrust settlement. Judge John J. Sirica, chief of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, called the panel into session to inquire into matters separate from those being in- vestigated by a grand jury lhal has been concentrating on the Watergate burglary and its aftermath. Aides to Cox described the new grand jury as "a general purpose" panel. The original Watergate grand jury's tenure is to run out in December, although Sirica could extend its life. While the jury will be looking into possible illegal so-called dirty the presidential campaign, it Scout Group Has Returned One group of Ruslon Scouts, those at- tending Jamboree '73-East in Moraine Stale Park, Pa., have arrived home. The five Scouts and (heir Scoutmaster Frank Dennis arrived Sunday afternoon. The Scouts are Steve Meier, Rusty Mabry, Steve Pierce, Robert Snyder and Charles Matthews. The other contingent of Ruston Scouls attended Jamboree-West at Farragut Stale Park near Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. These Scouts, James Barker, David Craig and Tim Cox, are making a trip into Canada before they return home later this week. More than Scouts attended Jamboree-East and attended the western edition of the National Seoul Jamboree. During the Jamboree, every scout had an opportunity to participate in dozens of activities, meet widely-known per- sonalities and see a number of special shows. The activities at the Jamboree were indicative of the "new jook in Scouling" and included competition in arts and science contests on literature, painting sculpture, music, chemistry, computer programming, and other disciplines. The traditional scouting activities of canoeing, sailing, rowing, swimming, kicking, shotting and fishing were included in the schedule of activities. will also study conflicts connected with an antitrust suit filed by the government in 1969 against International Telephone 4 Telegraph There have been allegations that the suit was settled by compromise partly in ex- change for a pledge to underwrite some of the cost of the Republican National Con- vention when it was scheduled for San Diego. Conflicting statements and testimony have emerged al congressional hearings and elsewhere concerning the negotiations which led to a consent decree issued by a federal court. The government had sued to force ITT to shed three major affiliates, Hartford Fire Insurance Co., the Canteen Corp. and the Grinncll Corp. The agreement allowed ITT to keep Hartford, while divesting the other two. Crilics have charged that this was a vie- lory for ITT. Testimony of former Attorneys General John N. Mitchell and Richard G. Klein- dienst and several ITT officers has been examined by Cox's office to ascertain if perjury had been committed. The question of possible obstruction of justice also has been raised because of destruction of some documents related to the case. The ITT case came up during the Senate Watergate hearings, now in recess, when it was reported that admitted Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt had a hand in taking an ITT employe, Dita Beard, to a Denver Hospital afler publication of a memo she was purported to have written about the alleged ITT convention arrangement. The memo attributed to Mrs. Beard, addressed to an ITT superior in Washington, suggested lhal Mitchell was aware of Ihe arrangemenl whereby ITT was to underwrite the Republican con- vention in San Diego. Mitchell denied it. The convention later was moved to Miami and the ITT underwriting arrangement was never consummated. 24th Body Discovered HOUSTON (UPI) Sheriff's deputies today dug up from a shallow grave on a Texas beach the 24th body of a young boy killed during a three-year spree of sex and sadism by two teenagers and a homosexual friend. Don Shauberger, chief Chambers County sheriff's deputy, said the body was pulled from the sand in an area covered by salt grass aboul a quarter mile from where two other bodies were located Friday. Deputies used a giant roadgrader to turn the sandy soil that is believed to be the burial ground for even more victims of a mass murder (hat may become the worst in U.S. history. Curriculum Changes More Authority for Local School Officials BATON ROUGE Louisiana Education Board will study a proposal this week that would increase the authority of local school officials to set high school gradualion standards and allow the students more freedom in choosing their subjects. The proposed changes, which were recommended by a committee that Education Supt. Louis Michot appointed last year, encompass various aspects of a career education formula to prepare the student for a certain field of work rather than guide him to a college education. The education board postponed its consideration of the commiltee's report from its July meeting reportedly because some educators disliked its implications. Since then, however, a commitlee of the state school superintendents association endorsed Ihe report's major recom- mendations. If the report is adopted, students would have more freedom lo choose their elcc- tives, school boards could institute elective courses pertinent to their localities and the requirements lo schedule courses along two major subject areas would be drop- ped. A slate requirements that sludenls achieve 20 credits for gradualion, half of them in specific subjects, would be retained. Michot has been a strong supporter of career education and advocated it as a heller method of education for Louisiana pupils, most of whom decide to end their education before attaining a college degree. "The career education plan is a way lo prepare and equip a student for what he wanls to do in the world of said the committee report. Higher Prices Expected Phase IV Begins Today, Except for Beef and Petroleum With (he Phase IV thaw of the price freeze beginning today, except for beef and petroleum, shoppers can expect higher prices. If there is a bright side, it is that Ihe full effects will not be felt until next month. The delay for some hikes comes from the fact that Phase IV requires companies with annual sales of million or more to give Ihe Cost of Living Council 30 days notice of price increases. Under Phase IV. sellers can raise Iheir prices, but only as much as their costs increase. Gasoline and other petroleum prices will remain frozen for another week. Beef will continue under price controls the longest, until Sept. 12. Beef Remains Frozen It is the freeze on beef thai has brought the most criticism of Phase IV. It remained frozen when other food prices were decontrolled on June 13. While beef prices cannot be raised Ihe supply has dwindled. New York's city purchasing com- missioner, Marvin Gersten, said Sunday Ihe city will begin buying cattle on the hoof because nobody wants lo sell slaughtered beef. The beef probably would be pur- chased and slaughtered in Ihe Midwest before being shipped lo New York. This would probably cost more, a pound compared with Ihe ceiling price of 77 cents, but the city has no choice, Gersten said. Cnla Food Stores in San Francisco put buffalo meat on sale, in hopes its supply would last al least unlil the beef price freeze ends. A grocer in Anderson, Calif., John Johnson, reported he quickly sold out the meat of five buffalo over the weekend. It was priced at a pound for ground buffalo to for choice steaks. Bun on Bice Rcpnrlctl The Chinatown areas of San Francisco and Los Angeles have had a run on rice, although dealers say there appears lo be no reason for a shortage. The run has pushed the price in San Francisco from to for a 50-pound sack. Edward S. Parish, the chief game law enforcement officer in Alabama, says meat costs and shortages may triple Run on Rice in California LOS ANGELES (UPI) Add rice to the list of foods in short supply. Panic buying in Chinese communities has spread from San Francisco to Los Angeles and most wholesale and retail oul- lels said their inventories virtually have been depleted. "I have never seen anything like this just want Ihe rice regardless of the said the owner of a major market. "We have people from San Francisco and Dakcrsficld come down here lo buy rice. They arc buyig rice like there is no end." illegal deer hunting in Alabama. "An informer tells me a 'pair of eyes' (a fawn) brings with no questions Farish said. "A skinned adult goes for to and goes like hotcakes." John A. Love, the administration's special assistant on the energy problem, said there arc indications drivers are culling back on gasoline consumplion. Eorly in the year, the increase in demand for gasoline was estimated al 7.1 per cent. In June, the forecast had dropped to 3 per cent, he said. lave conceded the government would have louse mandatory control if shortages bring an "actual crisis" in petroleum products. Girls Complete Summer Sewing Course Fifteen Lincoln Parish girls have completed a summer sewing course sponsored by the LSU Cooperative Extension Service. The girls are modeling the garments that Ihev marte during Ihe two eek course. Donna Gullall is seated in the.foreground and Nancy Pierce is standing lop center. Olhers are (left lo right) JoAnn Taylor, instructor lor the class; Phyllis Penny. Tina Garner, Effie Crowder. Teresa Ilouck, Jo Long, Vicki Barlow, Belli Sanders and Linda Taylor. Olhers that completed the course were Donnn Mammock, Robin Nicholson, Theresa Hollingsworlh, Karen Malonc and Sharon Hearn. Approval of Grant Told BATON ROUGE-Statc Senator K.D. Kilpatiir.k and State Representative George B. llolslcad announced today the approval of federal funds totaling to provide 326 educationally deprived students in Lincoln Parish with a better education. This grant was approved under Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. These funds were requested by the Lincoln Parish School Board. Superintendent Michot commended Thomas J. Judd, Parish School Board Superintendent, and local board members for Iheir plant to meet the educational needs of these students through a special education program. In announcing the grant, the Lincoln Parish Legislative Delegation stated, "We are grateful lo the Stutc Department of Education for making these funds available and we want to continue to provide [lie best possible educational opportunities for all our citizens. Students will be provided instruction in the following areas: English-Reading, Mathematics. Supportive services will be provided through: Media Center, Social Work. Public Meet on Gas Practices A meeting will be held in Ruston Tuesday night as part of an investigation into alleged unfair trade practices in Louisiana's liquified petroleum gas in- dustry. The public meeting will be held at 7 p.m., August 14 in the courtroom of the Lincoln Parish courthouse. The meeting is being held by two stale offices investigating those allegations, the Governor's Office of Consumer Protection and the stale Attorney General's office. The meeting has been called by the two state offices to take both oral and written statements from consumers and industry representatives concerning the scarcity and increasing prices of both butane and propane gas. Charles W. Tapp, director of the Governor's Office of Consumer Protection, who will chair the meeting, has indicated that these problems may bo a result of the allcdgcd unfair trade prac- tices. fSolh the Attorney General's Office and the Governor's Consumer Protection Office have been receiving information and complaints from consumers and in- dustry for the past nine months, Tapp said. The majority of Ihe data received has come from Ihe Northern parishes of Louisiana, he pointed out. Tapp has invited all interested persons to attend and participate in Ihe meeting lo Continued on page 3 Fears of a complete rice famine were unfounded, according lo the wholesalers and retailers, but they added that prices were climbing. Prices in San Francisco have increased from lo per 50-pound sack at some Chinatown stores in Ihe last iwo weeks. A Los Angeles restaurant supplier said he believed the shortage was caused by a price freeze forcing suppliers to export rice where they could got higher prices. He said, "now lhal the freeze is lifted, Ihe price is increasing." Tree on Fire, Hit by Lighting Ruslon Fire Department was called to 1500 W. Alabama Sunday afternoon at 5 p.m. where a tree was on fire after being hit by lightning A heavy thunderstorm hit Huslon Sunday afternoon. There was one car fire on Sunday with Htllc damage reported. Riser, Simonton to Attend Meet Lincoln Parish Sheriff Jesse Riser and Chief Deputy George Simonlon will allend the annual Convention of the Louisiana Sheriffs Association to be held August 15- 17 in Alexandria. Louisiana Governor Kdwin Ktlwards and U.S. Senators Russell B. l-ong anti J. Rcnnetl Johnston arc expected lo he speakers at the event. Leader Digest Highway Bill Signed WASHINGTON (UPI) President Nixon today signed into law a billion extension of the highway act which per- mits highway trust fund money to be spent for the first time on mass transit. The President said Li a statement that he was "particularly pleased to sign this legislation." He said it represents "a significant extension and reform of Ihe federal highway program" and called it "an important step forward" in providing better, more balanced transportation. Five Sentenced in V.I. CHRISTIANSTED.St. Croix, V.I. (UPI) Five black Virgin Islanders were sentenced today to eight terms of life imprisonment, to run consecutively, for the murders of eight persons last fall at a luxurious golf course here. Rustling Rekindled SACRAMENTO, Calif. (UPI) One of the major problems of the California cattleman in the Old West- been rekindled by the current scarcity of beef and predictions of giant retail price jumps. 29 Arrrested in B.C. Raid BOSSIER CITY, La. Mayor James Cathcy led three squads of police officers on weekend drug raids that netted 29 arrests. Three of the suspects were juveniles. All were arrested Sunday morning following a two month investigation. Tornado near Washington A tornado swooped down near Washington, D.C., Sunday, downing large trees and damaging some automobiles along the Potomac Itiver northwest of the nation's capital. There were no injuries. Around the Corner Years ago people did everything possible to get on the "Band Wagon" but now they are investigating the band-wagon riders. Above all things don't miss the Cen- tennial Parade and the Old Crafts Display. Nothing new for an Old Timer who remembers the Horse Drawn Hearse, the Oil Lamps and Ihe Lillle House fifty feel behind the big house. Jack Nicklaus not only wins the P.O.A. bul passes Bobby Jones' record of 13 major tournament victories. The P.G.A. added JS grand to his already million dollar winnings. Our four parish high schools start football practice today and it looks like a banner year on the local front. Plan your football program. Now we can sec our favorite "Soap- Operas" without interference from the Watergate productions. George Stone's wife, Dianna, will be on national television tonight as member of New York Mcts' wives team. Air lime. p.m. Jaycee Jaynes will have an informal meeting at Korcst Creek Recreational Room. Time. Tuesday night. Since we have a Sunday Leader it gives you an additional point in "lalking-up" our fast growing city. The best way to enjoy life is to save as well as spend. ;