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Republican Atlas of Boone County Iowa (Newspaper) - January 1, 1902, Boone, Iowa
Were scattered tribes of indians who lived a wandering1 and uncivilized life. Scattered Over the whole Mississippi Valley however Are Evi Dence of a race or races of men who lived hundreds of years ago and possessed a degree of civilization much higher than that of the indians. The Only record left by those Peoples is a series of Tiff Ial. Mounds. Excavations in Many of these Mounds show them to be burial places while the Peculiar arrangement of others suggests hat they were used for defensive purposes. Of the origin and disappearance of these Mounds history is silent and even tradition gives no clue. Marquette and Joliet found the land in Possession of Savage tribes and so until the encroachments of the Whites forced the indians beyond the Missouri River. Pratti ally All the land of Iowa and Illinois was claimed by the sars and foxes and it was from these tribes that the land was bought. The chiefs Black Hawk Keokuk Wapello Poweshiek and others were Heads of different bands of these indians. Their names Are perpetuated in Many of Iowa s counties and cities. The first permanent White settler in the state Vas a Frenchman Julian Dubuque from whom the City of Dubuque is he trained pc Mission from the Fox indians to mine Lead on the. Present site of Dubuque and settled their in 1788. He carried on a mining and trading Busi Ness for Twenty years and died in 1810. Several other land Grants were made the Spanish and French governments All of which caused much litigation when the land became valuable. Prior to june 1, 1833. The Whites had no undisputed rights in Iowa. The few people who were permitted among the indians squatted on As much land As they could use and held no other title to it. Hunters trappers and traders needed no permanent abode and opposed rather than encouraged permanent settlement and improvements. As Long As there was plenty of government land in Indium Illinois and Michigan the people from the East did not come to Iowa the Mississippi River was the dividing line Between civilization and the wilderness. By 1830, however the tide of immigration had reached the Mississippi River and thousands of Home seekers Wero anxious to Settle on the Rich soil of Iowa. Asa result of the Black Hawk War the indians were forced to cede to the government a strip of land fifty Miles wide across the East end of this tract called the Black Hawk Purchase was thrown open for settlement in 1833. So quickly was the land taken that a second strip lying West of the first called the second was secured from the indians in 1837 and thrown open for settlement. In 1842-3 All the remaining land of Iowa belonging to the indians Foj was purchased and the tribes were soon after moved across the Missouri River. Thus in a few years the original owners of the land were crowded out by their White Brothers so rapidly did this movement take place that by 1850, less than Twenty years after the first land was thrown open for settlement the indians were practically a1 out of Iowa and White settlements extended from the Mississippi to the Missouri. Following Are a few census figures which will show How rapidly the state grew to its younger Days. According to estimates and census the state in 1836 had Iii "1840 census showed people in in 1850, in 1854, in 185-% this is a remarkable showing for it will be remembered that no Railroad had yet reached the state and transportation was slow and the roads bad. Population by decades since i8a5 is As follows i860, 1, 1880, 1890, development owing to the distance of Iowa from the sea Board and the undeveloped condition of rail roads in Early Days the prospects of the state. Becoming a great agricultural Commonwealth were very poor. In 1837 Chicago was but a Village with no railroads and it was not until
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