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Redlands Daily Facts (Newspaper) - February 19, 1977, Redlands, California . & e b U n o $ Redlands, Calif. Saturday, February 19,1977- Bl With a Grain of Salt By FRANK MOORE California water can't flow north As we predicted a few days ago, politicians in the North are now making statements like this: "It is in the best interest of California that some of the drought-caused hardships be shared throughout the state." Some "sharing" in the South will not help the North a bit. Where this is so, the citizenry cannot be coaxed into exercises based on some philosophical theory of morality. The first thing that anyone in the South should remember is that there is no way of sending our water north. The State Water Project was never engineered so the flow could be reversed, that is from south to north. No matter how much people might save here by letting their lawns die, not a gallon more water would be made available to Marin County, or any other county north of the Tehachapi range. In a direct way the south can only help the North by letting the North use water that would otherwise come south via the State Water Project. Some substantial help is available in this way, particularly within the Metropolitan Water District system. It is possible for MWD to draw more heavily on the Colorado river and to cut back on so-called "Feather River water." We in other districts can also lessen our draw on the North by taking little or no water for the purpose of recharging the underground basin. As to the east San Bernardino valley specifically, we have always relied on the mountain streams to replenish our wells. It is only within the past year that we have gained a capability of spreading Northern California water by extending the Muni line eastward to near the mouth of the Santa Ana river. We are not in any dire need of that recharge water in 1977. In short, we should act responsibly toward the North, "sharing hardship" wherever that will help. But we should reject mere tokenism as an empty gesture. The Champ Foreign ministers come and foreign ministers go but Andrei A. Gromyko seems to go on forever. Tuesday marked his 20th year as the Soviet Union's international expert. Before that, as an understudy to rough and tough V. Molotov, he represented the Russians at Dumbarton Oaks in sketching out the plan for the United Nations. During his dealings with America he has known a whole flock of Secretaries of State-Stettinius; Marshall, Dulles, Herter, Rusk, Rogers, Kissinger, and now Vance. Moreover, he has held on to his job during the seismic power shifts in Moscow. He was there in Stalin's time, and in Kruschev's time and is currently serving Brezhnev. Although he has been a sort of General on the other side in the Cold War, and is no friend of the U.S.A., grudging admiration must be given to this taciturn, poker-faced diplomat. To stay on top, he has to be good at what he does. There can be no other explanation of his political longevity. The United States would be fortunate to have a Secretary of State who knows as much about U.S.-Soviet relations as Gromyko does. His first-hand experience goes back to Yalta and Potsdam. His knowledge of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee goes back to the Connally and Vandenberg eras. Give the devil his due. In international affairs, Andrei Gromyko is the ruling Champ. Tinkering President Carter's scheme to stimulate employment by giving $50 income tax rebates to nearly everyone will not accomplish its aim. The Ways and Means Committee in the house voted Wednesday not to provide a full rebate to Americans making more than $25,000 and none at all to those making more than $30,000. That's sensible enough. The rebate would have had scarcely any effect on the spending habits of those receiving the payments. Indeed, many would have applied it to their income tax payments. At the other end of the economic scale, poor people are having an awfully hard time. They usually do at any time, but continuing inflation has really put them in a bind. A "rebate" of $50 would not be a windfall with which they could splurge in the consumer market. On the contrary, most of them have catching up to do on the bills they already owe. And if they have managed to keep current, just a few trips to the supermarket will plow through $50 rather fast. We don't know where the President is getting his economic advice, but the rebate scheme sounds like mere tinkering. The Newsreel A friend writes safely from his retirement retreat that he offers no pool, no beach, no boat, no golf and no guest room. Several World's Fairs are in the works and a grumbling voice in the Bit o' Erin Bar and Grill objects that in his experience the world's unfair. Congressman Sludgepump's well-known sense of fair play leads him to call for a cost-of-living adjustment on bribes. Of course, a postal surplus would owe something to people writing all those letters complaining about the mail. Many doctors form their own corporations. First you check your physician's diplomas then see if he's listed on the big board. Maurice Clapp, who was a City Councilman from 1936 until 1952, wrote me a note recently, saying: "Several times lately you have referred to the last remains of the Redlands trolley system showing up (as a pair of rails embedded in the pavement) at Redlands boulevard and Orange. "Someday they will find a half-mile of trolley tracks, nicely paved over, on Center between Cypress and Cedar- unless my memory is completely befuddled." He may be right. If I owned a strong metal detector I would wave it over,the pavement in the middle of Center and learn if the steel rails are still there. If there are any detector owners who would like to investigate, I will pass their report along to Maurice, and to all other members of the Grain Club. The line to which Maurice refers started in 1889, the little car being drawn by mules. In 1899 Henry Fisher electrified the Redlands Street. Railway company. The original route to Smiley Heights was 3.45 miles long and required 350 tons of 50-pound steel rail. Whether the original tracks served for the life of the line I do not know, but I would guess that they did. Fisher's system grew rapidly with an extension of the Smiley Heights line to what is now the Community Hospital District with a return on Olive. From the Kingsbury school corner an extension was run up Cajon and Garden to the entrance to the Country Club. Another line went north on Orange. A second "capitalist'', as such men were called in that era, built a crossline in 1908- on Brookside to the end of the double street and on east on Citrus by the high school to Wabash. Unfortunately, the automobile chased the streetcars away almost as rapidly as the electric cars bested the mule cars. The local lines did not prosper. All but the Smiley Heights line had been suspended in the year Maurice went on the Council. At that time the Mayor was quite a character. His last name sounded like "buggy ride" but was really "Bruggemeyer." His first name was "Man-cha", a singular name which I suspect honored Don Quixote, the Man from La Mancha. His first name inspired him to mount his steed, lower his lance and charge at windmills. In 1936 he made such an attack on the Pacific Electric company for its proposal to abandon the money-losing Smiley Heights line. The Public Utilities Commission, conducted a hearing in the Appellate Court Chambers in San Bernardino, This was the sort of theater in which he loved to play the Man of La Mancha. < Bruggemeyer was born in England in 1865. When he was seven his father died. With the pluck of the Irish, his mother brought her brood of five, to America. The immigrant boy from England struggled as many others did in Chicago in his day, working as a cash boy at the age of nine, and at 25 was cutting shirts in a clothing factory. Encouraged to go to night school he became a lawyer and then a municipal court judge, for four years. In 1923 he retired from legal practice and came to Redlands, but also taking civic interest in Monterey Park where he gave the public library. Mancha never  quite recovered from having been a petty judge and seized the Smiley Heights hearing as an opportunity to carry on like Melvin Belli. The hearing officer probably said, "Ho, hum" since every retreat by the traction company was greeted with protest. P. E. won permission to quit. In recent weeks there has been an uproar at City Hall about the red-painting of the curbs, two ways from Citrus at Orange. ' Those who were not here in streetcar days can not imagine how things were at the corner in the hey-day*of the trolleys. That was the hub of the local streetcar system, with lines radiating in four directions. The Smiley Heights cars would stand in the location which is now in front of the Crocker Bank while waiting for the trolley to go back up Cajon. That was half-hourly. Furthermore, the "Big Red Cars" that ran to San Bernardino and Los Angeles would board passengers on Orange, just north of Citrus. Why motorists did not complain constantly about this congestion, I can't imagine. Perhaps they did. In the decade from 1925 to 1935, that corner was also an elbow in the Coast to Coast highway. The through:traffic tangled with automobiles and the streetcars. This was relieved in 1935 when the State Highway was shifted to what we now call Redlands boulevard. The Hub Intersection was born to trouble. Jackson keys fight against Warnke By MARTHA ANGLE and ROBERT WALTERS WASHINGTON (NEA)- ' Much of the initiative in the challenge to President Carter's nominee for the nation's principal arms control post is coming directly from associates of one of the most influential senators in the president's own party. That development provides one of the best illustrations of the extent to which Carter's "honeymoon" with Congress has been summarily terminated-if indeed it ever existed. The key figure in the mushrooming conflict is Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash., one of a dozen men who lost out to Carter in last year's Democratic presidential primaries. Jackson is one of the country's most outspoken proponents of both the strongest possible defense posture and a give-no-quarter attitude in dealing with the Soviet Union. The ill-kept secret on Capitol Hill is that Jackson's advisors are deeply involved in coordinating and organizing opposition to Paul C. Warnke, Carter's choice to be director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. According to congressional sources active in that effort, Richard M. Perle, a senior member of Jackson's staff and the senator's second-ranking foreign policy advisor, has played a strategic role in the . day-to-day maneuvering over the Warnke nomination. Perle rejects that characterization of his activities, but he acknowledges that, in response to requests, he has distributed to "some people I know" copies of a controversial anonymous memorandum criticizing Warnke's previous public statements on disarmament. That unsigned memo is generally a factual account of Warnke's written and spoken comments in the area of arms control. It emphasizes, however, his "soft-line" positions and describes him as an advocate of "the unilateral abandonment by the United States of every weapons system which is subject to negotiation at the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks." The memo concludes: "Warnke supports unilateral arms reductions to levels far below anything being proposed in current arms limitation talks. He doubts the usefulness of such talks, preferring to see unilateral U.S. initiatives.". Jackson's public stance is one of being "disturbed at some of the positions and recommendations made by Mr. Warnke." He has not formally declared his opposition to the nomination and one political ally says "he hasn't necessarily made up his mind irrevocably to go all the way" because that step could mean an early break with Carter. But the depths of dissatisfaction are clearly evidenced in the comments of Ben F. Wattenberg, a longtime Jackson political advisor: "We are just outraged by Carter's foreign policy appointments . .. The whole Jackson point of view is left out of the dialogue." Especially striking about the brewing dispute ' over the Warnke nomination is. the extent to which moderate-to-conservative Democrats have formed a temporary alliance with conservative Republicans in confronting Carter during his earliest weeks in office. Those conservative Republicans grumbled continually about many of the policies and appointments of Presidents Nixon and Ford, but their criticism always was tempered by loyalty to the chief executive of their own party. Under Carter, however, the right wing of the Republican party in Congress has quickly blossomed into an energetic, enthusiaBtip-and influential- "loyal opposition." m- Redlands Yesterdays FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures-Highest 79, lowest 46. Mrs. Benjamin Rabe and Miss Elizabeth Hopkins arrive in New York after being saved from the trapped luxury liner, the Lindblad Explorer, in Antarctic waters. They are promptly met by an eastern blizzard. Dr. William R. Sturlaugson, assistant professor of speech correction at the University of Redlands, is awarded the highest professional accreditation granted by the American Speech and Hearing Association. The Redlands high school basketball team closes its Citrus Belt League season with a 71-58 loss to Fontana, giving the Terriers an 8-6 league mark and a third place tie with Pacific. TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures-Highest 63, lowest 37. There would be no "catastrophic" damage to the San Bernardino ' Valley economy if current Air Force studies led to a realignment of the Ballistic Systems Division at Norton AFB, Congressman Jerry L. Pettis disclosed today. A city-wide food collection campaign will be conducted tomorrow when more than 2,000 Redlands high school students engage in their annual Can Drive competition to benefit the Family Service Association. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures-Highest 52, lowest 40. A. R. Schultz Jr. honored as "Distinguished Churchman of the Year 1961" in presentation by the Redlands Council of Churches. Deolinda and Marie Ines Sousa, sisters of Tony Sousa, owner of the Redlands Sea Food Market, enroll at Redlands high school 'after immigrating to Redlands from the Azores. Conant C. Halsey elected to succeed Judge Joseph T. Ciano as chairman of the Community Music Association board of directors. Minute Pulpit Do not love the world or the things in the world. If any one loves the world, love for the Father is not in him. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes and the pride of life, is not of the Father but is of the world. - I John 2:15,16. "There are two worlds: the world that we can measure with line and rule, and the world that we feel with our hearts and imagination." - James Leigh Hunt, English poet. WASHINGTON-Wha t made it scary was that it was all so civilized and rational. The guest sat and twirled his swizzle stick between his fingers. The Dubonnet in the glass before him was forgotten in his concentration on the logic of his own argument. Reporters who had invited him to discuss his thoughts, In one of those cozy not-for-attribution Washington luncheons, were equally civilized, asking their questions with a politeness befitting the guest's rank. But at least one of those reporters-this one-felt the edge of apprehension, a cold chill, a sense of danger in the talk. It was an emotional reaction. All that had been said was that the United States had both "a moral and a historical responsibility" to do all in its power to avert a bloody racial struggle in Southern Africa. It was said in such a quiet, thoughtful way that it seemed a truism. And yet it raised disturbing echoes. sixteen years ago in this city, there were equally scholarly and civilized men who argued that America's historic and moral mission was to guide and shape the destiny of Indochina. And that conceit led to calamity. The parallel, as always in human affairs, is inexact. The situations are different and so is the rhetoric. The argument for American intervention-or rather, as the policymakers prefer to say, participation-in the black-white conflict in Rhodesia and South Africa is this: Great trouble threatens in that part of the world and, as a great power, we cannot ignore it. A prolonged racial war is likely to become an ideological struggle, radicalizing even the moderate African leaders and drawing in the Soviet and Soviet-bloc forces already nibbling on the edges of the crisis. An American effort could fail to prevent the holocaust; it is never easy to preach the cause of moderation in the midst of what is clearly a revolution. But there is also the chance that greater political involvement by the United States-not sending troops, you understand-might just be the added factor that swings the situation in a favorable direction. That's the argument-as appealing .now in Southern Africa as it was 16 years ago in Indochina. And once again, it Berry's World African policy suggests a repeat of Vietnam folly By DAVID S. BRODER rests on a fateful assumption- so easy for officials of a new administration to accept. It is that America can manage the world better than any other nation, and that the administration now in power can achieve what its predecessor did not even dare attempt. It was that same fatal hubris-the sin of pride which David Halberstam described in "The Best and the Brightest"- that chilled the atmosphere at our luncheon and made one want to cry out, "Oh, no, not that again!" Instead, I just asked how the United States had acquired this "moral and historical responsibility" for the future of Southern Africa. It was not long ago that our government barely felt, the need of an African policy. We were busy "winning hearts and minds" in the Mekong Delta and the highlands of Vietnam, as Lyndon Johnson liked to say. But just as the rout of the French led us into Vietnam, so the abandonment of Angola by the Portuguese turned our attention to Africa. After Angola, Henry Kissinger quickly improvised an American policy for Africa, pledging us to majority rule for the blacks, but letting Great Britain take the lead in the ticklish Rhodesian negotiation. In the few weeks of the Carter administration, three things have happened: The United States has embraced even more closely the aims of the African leaders. The British initiative has been rebuffed by Ian Smith's white minority government. And the violence on both sides has increased. To any prudent person, that would dictate a posture of great caution. But Andrew Young- the brilliant man who has been tragically miscast as the American Ambassador to the United Nations-is the opposite of cautious. He returned from his visit to Africa saying ' it had been beastly of Kissinger to let the poor old British stew with that Rhodesian problem. He announced, as if it were the cause for celebration, that his friends in Africa were eager as all get-out for the United States to take over their case. Meantime, the British have been warning, Smith's game is to inveigle the United States into backing his doomed cause. When both sides are so eager to involve us as their champion, one would like to hear American officials talking coolly-even skeptically- about adding this tragic conflict to our 'list of world responsibilities. Instead, there is an inexplicable eagerness for involvement. One has the sense of having lived through this before, and of paying in blood and treasure and political bitterness for that misdirected, moralistic urge to determine the future of the whole globe. It seems our fate to be led by men who know our "moral and historical responsibility" better than they know the folly of our human vanity. Timely Quotes "In the final forthcoming phase of negotiations with the United States, Panama will not swerve from its demand that the American sovereignty over the Canal Zone ends at the appropriate time, which must not be after the year 2000." - Panamanian foreign minister Aquillino Boyd. Resist Arizona's lure c 1977 by NEA, Inc. "Stop sulking about it, senator. We did all we could to stop our pay raise, but we lost. Right?" By JIM FIEBIG The terrible winter weather in the East and Midwest has caused tens of thousands of suffering citizens to cast longing eyes at my beloved State of Arizona. As in, "Harold, why don't we leave this mess and move to Arizona?" Harold, let me tell you why that's a lousy idea. While the trick photography employed by National Geographic admittedly depicts Arizona as having the sweetest story this side of heaven, the true picture is rather an ugly one. Take the summer heat. Please. While it is not quite as hot as hell here from May through October, it's rumored the devQ has swom on more than one occasion, "If I ever open a branch office, Arizona is my first choice." Then there's the flora and fauna-what there is of it. Everything that grows here, from the saguaro cactus to the jumping cholla is covered with sharp needles, spines, pickers and assorted other painful sticking devices that wait out their lives in joyous anticipation of the moment they can burrow into human flesh. It is like living in a small closet with a crazed porcupine. Wait, Harold, there's more. When you're not extracting cactus needles from your body with a sterilized pliers, you're busy dodging rattlesnakes, gila monsters, mountain lions, black widow spiders and scorpions. Any one of these delightful creatures, given the correct set'of circumstances, will put you in a pine box years before your time. Have I left anything out? Yes. If you're fond of water sports-fishing, boating', swimming, drinking-well, there just isn't enough water to go around. On weekends you have to take a number just for the opportunity to glance at a lake from a distance. (Arizona dictionaries define a "lake" as, "that rarely seen substance purported to exist beneath the wall-to-wall boats which cover it.") Most Arizonans have given up trying to see a lake. Instead, they stay home, sit on the edge of their bathtubs, and throw tiny pebbles at the drain. You're going through a rough winter, Harold, and we Arizonans feel nothing but sympathy. But believe me, you're better off where you are. Stay there.: ;