Postville Post in Postville, Iowa
10 Aug 1882

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Postville Post in Postville, Iowa
10 Aug 1882

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Postville Post (Newspaper) - August 10, 1882, Postville, Iowa The nation s peril. Illoldy h proscription for Ilic Tomitry n Imi Mihk a Hovi Nim it o mail pc iia Lity of a a Bice a i to Triblo slap us tilsit awful Jay j from the National View Trio modest Little Lia Inlet of Georgetown had n noisy demonstration in Tho parly morning but later in to Oai d Are by lower freights destroyed until absorbed. There is practically but one railway costing $3,000,000,000, Eon trolled by four men but one Bank possessing $2,000,000,000, obeying the bidding of one Man but one Telegraph controlling 200,000 Miles of watered Stock and with Tho Rothschild Syndicate controlling the Cable lines to the indies. Every Avenue of Public thought or private information is at their mercy. How have these things been brought about ? in addition the Coal the Oil find the Laud Are largely absorbed. The original Force was Tho expanding and contracting of the currency taking the principal As Well As the interest of the nation s wealth with a fluctuation of one third of one per cent a Day. A. Year suffices to take All. Wonder not a with margins on stocks they control the National government from men stub Horn As Gen. Grant Down to Tho imm Blest Page that the attorney of Jay Gould has recently put upon Tho supreme Bench at his request. Witness his dispatch to senator plumb of Kansas. The indirect corruption of this fluctuation must cease. The Money of a you nary must be fixed per capita and grow with the nation s growth instead of contracting As at present with the nation s growth until a panic Supervene. The Issue of postal and Revenue Stamps and Money Are vital functions of nationality fixed by Law limited to the needs and to exchanges of real property. On country with its matchless resources and its Little need of importation should continue the richest and happiest in the world. With More born and wheat than any other nation furnishing the meat the bread  and the Cotton for Europe with More railways telegraphs invention than any other nation with Man s intelligent Power increased by 250,-000 patents yielding ten fold More production in Mechanic arts Why Are the producers of this wealth in bondage and to Day in revolt against oppression. It is not the men of Enterprise nor the employer who Are to blame with 2 per cent margins on shoes textile fabrics and Staple goods their gains Are not excessive when the awful risks of fluctuation and Syndicate robbery Are considered. Only one business Man in thirty succeeds. Not one manufacturer in ten survives. The solid values of the nation Are changed or absorbed each ten years by expanding Aud contracting the Money. Panics must therefore be prevented. This is the first great living Issue. Our last panic Cost $10,000,000,-000 by lost labor and Stop production " was the Only remedy echoed by press and pulpit by the controllers of Public opinion who could not for their lives Tell what Money is or what it does had no remedy except to Stop production. They assured us that idleness would pay our debts that to Stop half Tho Mills and two thirds the furnaces and forges would increase our wealth that instead of increasing National Money the costless tickets for exchanging labor products instead of permitting labor to produce and Exchange and bless Mankind with increasing civilization and the comforts that make and surround Home they recommended barbarism idleness and want As a sound basis As Good political Economy. No nation on Earth relies upon Gold in a panic it always has and always will fail. With it Only As Legal tender Jay Gould and his confederates can bankrupt a nation can work a loss of $10,-000,000,000 to the nation by panic at their will. A few move panics will make the revolution of 1789 to 1792 in Franco realize a Centennial anniversary that will leave no syndicates upon the continent and will teach men not to play with the lives the Liberty and the Prosperity of the people. Both the old parties and their leaders Are without principle or policy save to do the bidding of the Public Lider ers. Of that a Thomas Jenifer a a ii would arise to again teach that Bank issues must be suppressed and the Issue of Money restored to the nation to whom it belongs to propose the Issue of Treasury notes bottomed on taxes equal to the present volume of $50 per capita As in France if our wealth and population Are compared Wil h what St was when Jefferson introduced his Bill. He proposed to Issue 8150,000,000 of National Legal tender paper Money when the business of the country was not one fiftieth what it is to Day. No National is half As Radical As Jefferson or Franklin who declared Gold to be of less value than Iron Aud a flitted to make Money of because it could be exported and destroy the tools of Exchange and the production of wealth one Hundred fold greater than All the Gold in the nation. I asked president Garfield in the House of representatives if Gold was Money and if there was any Money of the world and to each he answered i then asked whether he agreed with Aristotle that Money was an invention of Man he having it in his Power to Render it valueless that Money existed not by nature but by Law. On his Advent to the presidency he recognized that the Greenback was to remain As the permanent Money of the country. He appointed a Silver commission to visit Europe and to seek to make our Silver Dollar uniform with the 5 percent less valuable Silver Coin of prance and other european countries. He stopped the refunding into Long Bonds and made them payable on Call. He refused to appoint the minion of Wall Street and sought to save the business of the country. He had begun to read the other Side and would have become a National had he survived. Republicanism then and now. I Lik famous Pouch of slovene j of f of lie 4luc. Reiou of j Fiu Jamie in Mosij Prosn in 1s j-.2. Republicans Call nationals fools filled with now and visionary ideas and Aims and Are constantly appealing to the peo 1 pin to stand by Tho Good old Republican party the party of sense and honesty and in favor of Tho masses As against the few. Here to reproduce the speech of the then great Leader of the republicans on this Money subject. Read Aud say who Are fools who lunatics who honest who has changed. Remember this is now Good National doctrine. Here is the speech or. Speaker i have but a very few words to say. I the subject with More depression of spirit than i Ever before approached any question. No personal motive or feeling influences me. I Hope not at least. I have a melancholy foreboding that we Are about to consummate a cunningly devised scheme which will carry great injury and great loss to All classes of people throughout this Union except one. With my colleague i believe that no act of legislation of this government was Ever hailed with As much Delight throughout the length and breadth of this Union by every class of people without any exception As the Bill which we passed and sent to Senate. Congratulations from All classes a re Hants traders manufacturers mechanics and labourers poured in upon us from All quarters. The boards of Trade from Boston new York Philadelphia Cincinnati Louisville St. Louis Chicago and Milwaukee approved its provisions and urged its passage As it was. I have a dispatch from the chamber of Commerce of Cincinnati sent to the Secretary of the Treasury and by him to me urging the speedy passage of the Bill As it passed the House. It was True there was a doleful sound came up from the caverns of Bullion brokers and from the saloons of the associated Hanks. Their Cashiers and agents were soon on the ground and persuaded the Senate with Little deliberation to mangle and destroy what it had Cost the House months to digest consider and pass. They fell upon the Bill in hot haste and so disfigured and deformed it that its very father would not know it. Instead of being a Beneficent and invigorating measure it is now positively mischievous. It has All the bad qualities that its enemies charged on the original Bill and none of its benefits. It now creates Money and by its very terms declares it a depreciated currency. It makes two classes of Money one for the Banks and brokers and another for the people. It discriminates Between Tho rights of Dif j Ferent classes of creditors allowing the Rich capitalist to demand Gold and compelling the original Lender of Money on individual Security to receive notes that the government has purposely discredited. Let us examine the principal amendments separately and see their effect. The first important Olio being the fifth makes the notes issued under the Law of july 17 a Legal tender equally with those authorized by this Bill. There can be but Little Wisdom in putting these two classes on an Equality. The notes of july Bear seven and three tenths per cent interest Anil Are payable in three years. This gives a sufficient advantage Over notes bearing no interest and payable virtually in Twenty year Bonds with 6 per cent interest. Why give them this additional advantage simply because the $100,000,000 issued Are All held by Tho associated Banks and this is their amended Bill. Tlieywoulddisplace$l00,000,000 of this Money in circulation and Render it impossible to Uso any considerable amount j of these United states notes As currency j these have served their purpose. Why allow them to Block up the Market against further Relief to the government 1 the Hanks took $50,000,000 6-per-cent.Bonds and shaved the government s3, \ 500,000 on them and now ask the gov i eminent 15 to 20 per cent half yearly i to pay themselves the interest on these very Bonds. They paid for the 350, -000,000 in demand notes not specie and now demand the Specio for ten i. Yet gentlemen talk about making other Loans ill these times. They Are crazy or sleeping one or the other i do not know which when this question was discussed before the distinguished gentleman from Kentucky or. Crittenden asked me whether it was the intention or expectation of Tho House to go on and Issue i More Tau $150,000,000 of Legal tender notes a pertinent question which i saw the whole Force of at the time. I told him that it was my expectation that no More would to issued by the govern j meet that they would be received and a fun led in the Bonds. Notwithstanding this warning and these objections this Bill was passed and then excused As a War measure. Now almost Twenty years after the War the same evil is continued the same robbery carried on and boldly justified and called honest. Be gods what next ? or. Lovely i ask the gentleman from Pennsylvania whether $150, 100,000 of Gold could be put in circulation As Well As $150,000,000 in Treasury notes ? or. Stevens if this $150,000,000 would come out of the Bankers and misers hoards but they have suspended specie payment and would not give out a cent. They say pay us a discount and then when these notes Are mud is Legal tender we will be again in the clutches of these harpies. I do not want to use Bard names. If i were now to answer the question of the gentleman from Kentucky not give that answer. I do not expect one Dollar of the $150,-000,000 of Legal tender notes Ever to be invested in Twenty years Bonds. I infer from the amendment that before we adjourn $150,000,000 will be asked for which will never to funded in those Bonds and so on As they Are needed As no Bonds will be funded until our currency will become frightfully inflated. But How comes this main clause All classes of people shall take less Legal tender notes at Par for every article of Trade or contract unless they have Money enough to buy United states Bonds and then they shall be paid in Gold. Who is that favored class ? the Bankers and brokers and nobody else. They have already $250,000,000 of state debt and their commissioners would soon take All the rest that might be issued but How is this Gold to be raised Tho duties and Public lands Are to be paid i for in United states notes and they or i Bonds Are to be put up at auction to get Coin Lor these very brokers who would the Coin t t pay themselves by getting 20 per cent discount on the notes thus Bou Rbt. I i Havo proposed an amendment to the Senate amendment upon the Princi pie of legitimate parliamentary rules that you can make As palatable As you can any amendment which you do not like before the vote is taken upon it. My amendment is offered for the purpose of curing a Little the evils and hardships of Tho original amendment of the Senate. And though it May be adopted i shall vote against the whole As amended. My amendment is to except from the operation of the Legal tender clause the officers and soldiers of the army and Navy and those who Supply them with provisions and put them upon Tho same footing with the government creditors who hold their Bonds. I Hope they will nor be thought less meritorious than the Money changers. I Trust it will be adopted As an amendment to the Senate amendment so that if this pernicious system be adopted if the Beauty of the original Bill is to be entirely impaired those who Are fighting our Battles and the widows and children of those who Are lying in their Graves in every part of the country killed in defense of the government May be placed on no worse footing than those who hold Tho Bonds of the government and the Coin of the country. Lite Stock statistics. Official Figura regarding Trio Ivo Piooli interests or Iowa a blood in horses and cattle loss on Swine and is keep. Some weeks since the Des Moines Reg inter addressed a circular to the various county auditors requesting them to furnish the total number of live Stock returned for taxation in their respective counties. The returns have been somewhat tardy in most cases doubtless owing to the negligence of assessors. But something Over three quarters of the state has been furnished and the Reg inter is thus enabled to give a very close approximation to the number of cattle and Swine now in the state and fully two months in Advance of the usual publication. The following is the showing As to Swine table showing the number of swing As reported by county auditors from assessors returns with gain or loss from the returns of 1881, also official figures. Where a loss has been experienced the figure is preceded by a sign about offsets Tho loss of Revenue in swing for Tho coming Winter. Horses. In like manner the following table shows Tho census of horses with gain or loss As compared with last year gain i gain counties. To. Or counties. To. Or loss. Adair.7,2113 Adam. 6,5118 Allani Koo. 7,365 Audubon. 5,271 benton.12.773 w k hawklo400 boone8,940 bromor.7,532 Buchanan. 8,876 Carroll. 7,5 13 cedar11,293 Cerro Gordo 5,170 Cherokee. 5,936 Chickasaw. 6,879 Clay. 2,918 clayton.10,101 clinton.13,123 Crawford. 7,582 clarko6,100 dalian9,446 davis.7,598 do Law re. 9,033 Dickinson. 1,234 duh quo. .10,161 Emmet. 939 599 Jefferson. 8,245 552 johnson11,597 -289.tonoa. 8,879 982kookuk. 9,743 387lknbhuth____3,545 416t,co 8,408 929 187 Bill 925 Louisa. 6,641 lucah0,279 Mahaska. 10,081 marion.10,054 239imnrshall 9,707 70 1,247 -362 -50 67 -76 925 251 473 1651 3119 191 39 411 itillb7,697 Mitchell 11,873 Monroe. 5,5 16 Mottrom by 7,350 Muscatine. 8,818 Osceola. 1,719 Page. 7,989 polk11,267 Paio Alto. 2.366 Pocahontas. 2,413 Pott Awat m.15,057 Poweshiek. 10,365 Ringgold. 7,442 sac.6,787 16t 242 74 -60 517 108 102 87 181 151 124 89 -328 73 385 158 427 63 312 219 385 1,274 83 643 1,250 a Vilies. Astir. Adams. Alla Makee. Audubon. Benton. Hawk j tone. Bremer. Buchanan. Carroll. Cedar. Cer o Gordo Cherokee. Chickasaw. Cluny. Clayton Clinton Crawford Clarke. Dallas. Davis. Delaware. Dickinson. Duli quo. Emmet. Fayette. I lanolin Greene. Grundy. Guthrie. Hamilton Hancock. Hardin. Harrison. Henry. Howard Humboldt. Iowa. Jasper. Total for loss Reno gain or to. Loss. I counties. 23,491 141 Jefferson. 23,647 -1,15lll Johnson it,76 1 -2,898 Jones. 12,0111 54 i Keokuk 36,813 -2,955kossuth 311,344 -71-Lilee 22, 120 -l,119ilouisa. 21,217 l,025jl.ucas 2\mn -2,072 Mahaska. 22, i 9 49. A Marion 51,84 1 -4,l 2lmir-hall12, Hll,229 Mill Gam or Rio. Loss. 18,93 1 -2,741 44,r.97 -5,853 11,270 -4,953 29,n39 -9, 703 3,9i,9 337 12,130 15,395 14,045 3 1,021 -1,812 -2,110 -3,752 -3,137 Fayette. Franklin. Greene. Grundy. Guthrie. Hamilton. Hancock. Hardin. Harrison Henry Howard. Humboldt. 3241 Iowa. 9,312 jasper11,946 total reported. Gain reported. 10,610 6,200 7,8s5 8,213 7,941 6,131 1,957 7,982 8,851 8.617 5,469 265 scott.10,793 92 298 Shelby. 8,466 1,177 1,175 Story. 8,684 41t 305 tama.11,670 289 762 Taylor. 8,998 476 552 Union. 5,489 -546 171 Van Buron. 7,449 183 323 Warren. 7,578 394 324 washingtou.10,327 227 615lwavuo 8.54s 681 -29lwi-0stort ,8il 438 4631 Iii Nohlin a. 10,569 -366 89 Woodbury. 5.989 1,093 -554.1 Worth. 4,090 -133 609,84022,675 32,200-13,606 11 .299 10,711 3,785 22,119 48,744 2. ,798 16,2.14 3,350 915 .1,141 829 �3,081 -3 1 4,373 ,767 -2, l a o Alt 14,02 1 Mvi Skitt 2i1.s22 -2,137l Ottaw Mii -448 Poweshiek 5,750lting id. -74isaoto. Mitchell. Mrs Roo. Montgom y Muscatine. a be. P. Ill. 511 34,482 910 25,148 16,463 re h2,8 i 18,1 ii 11,395 2,s57 21,723 -78-i 4 12 -1,177 -1,170 39 Shelby. Story. Tama. Taylor Union. Van Buren. 3i,407 22,947 9,991 32,277 27,143 25," i8 2, 120 41,191 15,326 3,490 4,848 39.0 ill 33,743 15,845 16,615 40,313 s9,36s 20,805 37.11 -73t -290 2,341 -3.93 -2,292 -1,39 1 -1,9-g la Lyrl -849 -2,i 05 -1,747 -5,240 -178 5 0 132 680 -1,521 ,h3�iwiirivn. -1,51 1 -2,71- ill1 15,553 5,1199 5,838 -1 411,214 -1,63 �10,431 -1,731 8 court ii red. Washington Wano. Webster. Innesh a. Woodbury. Worth. 9,073 -2.769 15,8 1 -2,219 -2,383 -8,291 -5.383 12,058 3l ,4 i4 17,804 15,901 2i,i n 12,559 6,433 -2011 2,312 66 1,833 sixty nine counties report an increase in number Over 1881 of 26,277 horses 6 months old or More and nine counties show a loss of 3,602, or a net gain of 22,075 head in the counties reporting. The seventy right counties return a total of 609,840 head which would indicate an increase for the whole state during the past year of 28,523 head. This must be accepted As quite Correct although it is a Small increase for a Good Many counties Export horses quite freely and there has been beside a Good Deal of mortality during the past eight months from pinkeye. Sheep. The following shows the number of sheep returned for taxation for the current year with the gain or loss compared with 1881 to. 1,7.6,183 139,047 from the above it is seen that 78 counties return a total number of 1,716-183 Swine of six months old and Over and that the net loss computed on the counties reporting is 139,047. The total number of Swine reported in 1881 was 2,218,402. Assuming the returns we have As holding Good for the whole state the present number of hogs is 2,041,933, or the very marked decrease of 170,469 head a very considerable item in Iowa s business the coming Winter. It May be assumed As a very Safe prediction also that the Iowa hogs sold this year will to lighter in weight for Brood sows and Winter pigs crimped in food All Winter and those Farmers who will depend on Clover for growing shotes will surely find it deficient in Nutriment owing to its rank growth during the Pant per.31,184 total reported. Gain reported. 33 1,581 3,030 2,83ii 1,862 1,011 1,215 1,062 1,225 086 785 -64 1,416 2,14 7 1,443 2,017 575 1,003 -240 813 -1,220 8-12 844 2,512 2,652 -635 1,339 8,317 756 1,801 45 433 823 story20,087 taina31,917 Taj lor22,016 union15,961 Van Buren. 19,895 warroil25,410 Washington .28,560 2,117 wavne26,304 2,585 Wcb-ter27,609 2,814 winneshiek23,555 2,281 Woodbury .21.2u3 4,121 Worth. 8,351 1,0651,721,11276.631 Loco Dino to the census of 1881, the following Teu towns of prance have More than 100,000 inhabitants pans 2,225,-910 Lyons 372,887 Marseilles 357,530 Bordeaux 220,995 Lille 177,943 Toulouse 136,627 Nantes 121.965 St. Etienne 120,120 Rouen 104,721 Havre 102, c15 of the 78 counties reporting Tho whole number of cattle Over six months old now on hand is shown to be 1,724,-112. Only eleven counties report a decrease from last year amounting to 12,-313, while 67 counties show a increase of 78,235 head a net increase of 65,922 for the year. Assuming this As a uniform rate for the whole state there is a total increase Over last year of 81,106 head or a present total of 2,044,0 j8-and it May be remarked in connection that this increase in cattle is about such an increase As should be made to correspond with the current increase in human population of the state. Although there is every reason to believe that the condition of Iowa cattle is below average on account of careless Teo Diug last Winter yet they Are Worth More per head than last year and the increased number and value of our cattle i norwegian honesty. I soon after starting we passed the sae Tor where Jens lives when he is not Hunt ing in the mountains and Esau wishing to see what kind of Snow shoes they use in this part of the country Jens ran up to Tho House and fetched his to give an idea of the absurd honesty which prevails Here we noticed that though Jons had been absent from Homo for the last two months and the windows were shut up yet the door was Only latched and after an inspection of the Snow shoes Jens would not trouble to take them Back but simply left them by the Side of the Road to wait his return three or four Days hence. Another instance illustrating the same simplicity occurred to us once when travelling in quite a different part of Norway. When changing Cariolen at a station our baggage was All heaped together on the Roadside and As we wanted to stay there an hour or so for dinner and this was a main Road with a fair amount of traffic we suggested to the landlord that our goods had better be brought inside the station. He merely looked up to the sky with area otherwise Eye and replied of no i m sure it won t from " three in conditions or in Cairn. The conditions of health Ore few but imperative. 1. Pure air. 2. Pure and nutritious food. 3. Proper exercise. 4. Undisturbed sleep. 5. Regularity. 6. Temperance in All things. 7. Pleasant and Active mental moral and social conditions. D. Eight bodily positions. 9. Cleanliness. 10. of health

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