Postville Herald in Postville, Iowa
11 Oct 1918

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Postville Herald in Postville, Iowa
11 Oct 1918

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Postville Herald (Newspaper) - October 11, 1918, Postville, Iowa The Post Virliie Herald Postville Iowa. Protein Supply needed by hogs growers must provide substitute feeds which furnish Materia for development. Fish scrap is excellent Alfalfa Hay soy Beans cowpeas and Oats Are recommended Rye sown in fall makes Good pastures peanuts in favor. Prepared by United states department of agriculture hog growers should provide Homegrown feed to Supply protein so esk it enl to the proper development of hogs and teed them in place of a flirts middling Tankage and Oil meal which iut hard to get and High in fit Lee. Substitutes for these concentrate feeds Are found to crops that Are known to be Rich in protein and ire Are advising the use of fish meal where it is obtainable. Alfalfa Hay soy Beans cowpeas Ami oat Are suggested Jis Good substitute feeds. In addition to these peanuts cottonseed men and velvet Beans Are mra Flable to hog growers in the Southern states. Fish scrap is favored. Fish scrap which has heretofore been used us a fertilizer Lias been tried in hog feeding experiments conducted by the department of agriculture and it has been found that meal made from this material is on a Par with Tankage when fed to hogs. A number of state Experiment stations arc now conducting similar experiments in feeding fish meal to hogs. Owing to the transportation situation however it is believed that fish meal cannot be. Fed economically West of the Mississippi River. Shortage of protein feeds can be met with if Alan any in All localities where it can be grown or obtained at reasonable prices. There Are two ways in which this Hay can be successfully fed in Small Racks placed in protected Sheds where the hogs May have free Access to it and by grinding it and feeding it in self feeders or snaked in the form of thick Slop. The department s specialists urge that hog growers provide an ample Supply of Alfalfa. Usually the last cutting of Alfalfa is saved for hog feeding but for fear this cutting cannot be harvested la Good condition on account of weather conditions a sufficient amount of the second find subsequent cuttings should he saved to Supply enough feed for hogs. \ Ilye sown in the fall makes Good pasture for hogs. As soon As it is three or four inches High the hogs can he turned in and left until Snow covers it up. Rye also provides Good pasture in Early Spring. In the Southern mutes a Russel Rye is recommended us it makes a in Ltd growth and heavier foliage than other varieties. Soy Beans Are excellent. Soy Beans Are valuable to take the place of other protein feeds usually Sweet potatoes in up to Date houses value of crop can be increased by proper storage. Very few of those placed in outdoor pits or Banks Ever reach Market from 35 to 50 per cent Are spoiled. Prepares by the United states department of agriculture Sweet potatoes stored in up to Date storage houses bring a higher Price on the Market than those stored in Banks and pits. By the adoption of the better methods of storing and marketing Sweet potatoes their value could be greatly increased without increasing the acreage or production. This is especially True in the South where they Are either rushed on the Market at digging time when the Price is Low or stored in outdoor pits or Banks where hogs in Alfalfa a Good Home Crown protein feed. Purchased. A they make a very Sntos a factory feed when the Beans Are fed resided or As Hay or when ground is meal. Soy bean Hay to be most satisfactory should be Cut Early wish to avoid the popping out of tvs seeds. The leaves and the seed Tola will be readily eaten when idled in this manner. In the Southern states peanuts Are we extensively grown and make u Kwh Foed when used is a grazing crop a fed in the form of meal. Velvet wins Are largely raised in this Sec a of the country and it is recompiled Tomt they be left in the Field n brazed. A a do Var esses rape and Oats can also t used successfully in the South As a ,t"8e crop. Either can be seeded to i the last of August to the last of member. Gnu to successfully used in connection $ with c a period com As a hardening feed for a not to exceed thirty Days. Produce More White meats etl Tahle that there be decided 3 increase n output and consumption of poultry. Of Tep Arod l y the United states departed. Ment of agriculture in order to leave available for the Wees Ove Rucas As Large a proportion u web to of the output of cured nod met meats it is desirable that Gfa a decided increase in both production and Home Cong drop Schulte meats Ai d is Poutry v a Type of outdoor cellar used in some sections of the South for storing Sweet potatoes this Structure should have openings near the Bottom and through the top for the purpose of ventilation. N Large portion of them decay. Very few of the potatoes stored in pits or Banks Ever reach the Market for from 25 to 50 per cent spoil while those that remain sound Are not of Good Quality. Even if the pit or Bonk method of storage were satisfactory in other respects in is not economical. Too much labor and expense Are required to make these Banks every year and to got the potatoes out of them when wanted for Market. Sweet potatoes can be marketed More economically and to much better advantage from storage houses. It is not advisable to open a Bank when the Soli is wet or the weather cold is these conditions injure the potatoes and cause them to decay. Outdoor pits and Hanks cannot be depended on. In some years n very Small number spoil in Banks while in other years practically the whole crop is lost. Tue Only Safe and practicable method of storing Sweet potatoes is in a storage House for then they can be taken out it any time without subjecting them to unfavourable conditions. Save cowpeas from Weevil fumigation of stored seed with Carbon do Sulphide prevents destructive attacks. Prepared by the United states department of agriculture Large supplies of cowpeas now in storage by growers principally in the Southern states can be saved from destructive attacks of the Weevil by fumigating with Carbon do Sulphide. Southern grown cowpeas usually become heavily infested by Weevils in storage and As there is a surplus Supply on hand at present growers should watch their stored seed carefully. Weevils Are particularly destructive during warm weather Aud if they Are not destroyed soon Render stored seed unfit for feeding or planting. Pull Gutlon by Carbon do Sulphide is a Safe and effective remedy. It is done by placing seeds in watertight barrels to within n few inches of the top. Into each barrel pour one half cupful of Carbon do Sulphide directly on the peas or into an absorbent material such As cloth or Cotton. Then cover the barrel with double thickness of heavy wrapping paper or some such material tied tightly around the top in order to prevent the fumes of the chemical from escaping. Let the barrel stand for several Days and then examine. If adult Weevils Are seen crawling about among the seeds a second fumigation should to Given. Fumigation should be done during warm weather. It is difficult to kill Weevils with Carbon do Sulphide at n temperature lower than g3 degrees f. And Tho Best results follow Wien the temperature is above 75 degrees f. The sooner cowpeas Are threshed and tron cd after harvesting the better As the treatment kills the Young Weevil grubs within the seeds and prevents them from continuing to. Devour Tho crop. After treatment keep the barrels covered is during fumigation for his prevents Weevils from lying into the barrel find laying eggs on the seeds. Growers who have Cowpen seed in storage should Send to the United states department of agriculture. Washington a 0, for banners bulletin 083, which gives information regarding Nenn and pen Weevils and a banners bulletin 700, which gives information on the use and nature of Carbon do Sulphide As a full gent for cowpeas. These bulletins will be supplied Freo As Long us Tho Supply lost i pedal information service United states department of agriculture promote increased poultry production All unprofitable fowls should be culled from the wage earning flock. Fall care for poultry flock to secure steady Stream of eggs it is necessary to feed fowls liberally. Cull flock during autumn while feeding stuffs Are extremely High it is essential to Weed out unprofitable fowls make House comfortable. A maximum production of poultry eggs ducks geese and turkeys is the object of the United states department of agriculture s Campaign to stimulate the output. This involves the preparation for Market of n maximum amount of desirable scalable Stock As Well us the retention in the producing flocks of the Best fowls which Are particularly qualified As layers and breeders. Quantity or volume of Market products is of course desired but in no respect should Quality be sacrificed in order to increase the business bulls of eggs meat breeders or exhibition fowl. During the autumn the. Mutter of culling the flock Nunin is of first importance. Especially during times like the present when All feeding stuffs Are extremely High in Price it is essential that unprofitable fowls be culled from the wage earning flock. The Federal poultry specialists urge that All unprofitable Birds not qualified As layers or breeders should be culled from the flock by october. Experienced poultry men whose flocks return the maximum not profits maintain that close culling is the most profitable and timely occupation in which they can engage during the Early fall. Steady Stream of eggs. Every producer desires a steady Stream of fall and Winter eggs. Strict attention to the Calendar and the poultry program and the proper relation Between the various seasons and the activities in the. Hennery and Yards help get Many eggs. This Means to perform each seasonal activity at exactly the right time. The Batch must the Early the Chicks must be pushed to rapid development and maturity. Early in the fall in sections where climatic conditions require such action All the Early and mature pullets should be housed in comfortable Well vent Latch quarters previously made sanitary. Not Urafay in Southern loan tons where the autumn usually is fairly warm Early housing May not be necessary hut care should be exercised to have the Birds under proper shelter when the weather begins to got cold. Sanitation should be practice not Lonc in the housing of the poultry but also in their feeding watering and general management. Cleanliness essential. Simplicity of ration and no Salute cleanliness in the Enre and preparation of the Dally menu Are essential. A feedstuff supplied to the flock should be Sweet sound and wholly free from taint Mold or must Ness. For laying fowls the United states department of Angrl culture advises the use of n mixture of finely ground pats in conjunction with Fine Bone men this combination being a valuable supplement to any commercial Mash which is now on the Market yearling hens should to rent tue in the flock to serve As Breeding Stock for the following season. Early Well matured pullets Are satisfactory if they Are not forced too much for egg production during Tho Winter. Attention to detail and care in constantly watching the Little things which appear trivial Are important. A sickly Chick or adult allowed to run with the flock a dead Chick or fowl not burled or burned promptly sour feed in the houses or Yards lice and mites is Well As drafts and dampness should to guarded against and combated As insidious of Winter layers. Make use of Tho Scales in selecting Winter record hns not been kept of the pullets that were hatched Early. Well Dovo loped Early hatched millets Mayto Tho Best buyers observations on the growth of chickens of the government poultry farm at belts Ville hid., showed that the average Pullet upon reaching maturity weighed As follows average at which Breed and weight at weight was variety. Maturity made White Plymouth Rock .6.1w pounds 2s weeks White wyandotte.5.17 pounds 26 weeks Rhode Island red.4.4s pounds 26 we Kofl White leghorn .3.14 pounds 25 weeks pullets of these Breeds and those of corresponding types and weight that reach the weights Given in the table or Are very near them Early in september will begin laying by october if conditions Are favourable applying the weight table for the purpose of selecting Winter layers it appears that for example a Plymouth Koel Pullet that is five months old in the Early part of september should weigh not less than four pounds. A Wyandotte or Rhode Island bed should not weigh less than three pounds a leghorn not less than two pounds. Many poultry keepers who do not Mark their Chicks when hatched and let broods of different Ages run together in the growing season cannot Tell the age of a Pullet with certainty in the fall and take it for granted that the Small Birds Are the later hatched this error lends to the holding of Many pullets which if their True age were know i would be discarded for Winter buyers. .4.,.4rl,4.l l4 l4wl,?,, l?4,4 4"i in feeding table scraps table scraps and Kitchen waste Are Best prepared for feeding by running them through an Ordinary meat grinder. After the material has been put through the grinder it is usually a rather moist mass and it is Well to mix with it some Corn meal bran or other ground Grain until the whole mass assumes a crumbly condition. The usual method is to feed the table scraps it noon or at night or it both times is May be desired in a trough or on a Board. All should be fed that the hens will eat up , and if any of the enter enl is left after one half or three quarters of tin hour it should be removed. If allowed to he it May spoil and would be very Bud for the hens.  w 4- it v a f i i i -5 -1- --5 of poultry House Whitewash. Whitewash is the cheapest of All paints find May be used either for exterior or Interior surfaces. It can he made by shaking about 10 pounds of quicklime in u pail with 2 Gallons of water covering the poll with cloth or Burlap and allowing it to slake for one hour. Water is then added to bring the Whitewash to a consistency which May be applied readily. A weatherproof Whitewash for exterior surfaces May be made As follows 1 slake 1 Bushel of quicklime in 12 Gallons of hot water 2 dissolve 2 pounds of common Salt and 1 Pound of sulphate of Zinc in 2 Gallons of boiling water pour 2 into 1then add 2 Gallons of skim milk and mix thoroughly. Whitewash is spread lightly Over the surface with a Broad Brush. Eat melting hens. All hens Molt in the fall and Early Winter. During this melting season which usually takes about three months the hens Lay few or no eggs. It is and visible if Well matured pullets can be purchased it a reasonable Price to kill and eat the hens is they begin to Molt replacing the flock with newly purchased pullets. The hens should not be killed however until they begin to Molt and their comb begins to lose its size color and flexibility for if these changes have not taken place the hens will probably still be laying and. At n time of year when eggs Are especially in Unble. Crop of Strong lambs. To obtain a maximum crop of Strong vigorous lambs is one of the most vital phases of the sheep Industry. It is not Only an important Factor in assuring increased profits to the sheep raisers themselves but is a Means of materially increasing 1ho nation s Supply of two of he most important commodities input and Wool both of which Are necessary to the feeding and clothing of the american soldiers and Tho armies of our allies. Inside information As to end of the world there la be a _ weep it m Wolm ugh Aifiti of Teeth a Miah Brimstone i m com to Cash my Bond no fixed notch. Ii is on a movable scale that climbs up and reaches around and dives Down like . Crane thing Eliut scooped out the i Uii Uma canal. Be want More knowledge. Is a ships wants a swifter record the air plane a greater Altitude As Man generally demands a higher development than his forbears Ever dreamed of. We will always want to know More and More and More. Self satisfied attainment Means rust and rust Means failure. And we know no such word us fail. But it in t a Good idea to know More than our share. For one Case a woman in a cur was providing thrills for the woman next. She had Learned through some inscrutable source unknown to Man certainly not to any newspaper Man that the world was coming to an end two weeks from that Date. The other woman had her doubts. The Prophet lady was so sure of her Bible signs that she was going to Cash her Bond and take her Money out of the Bank and pin it inside her dress for safekeeping. The other woman naturally inquired As to the sense of taking Money into the next world especially As it was earning interest in the Bank. Thnh phase of the situation had its weight. That s so. There la he i.2f coming to me in january almost enough to pay the taxes on my lot. 1 guess i la let the Money be and just Cash the Bond. No i wont either. I rend in the paper the other Day that they Are going to be Worth a whole lot More after the War. It s awful hard to Hafler die without knowing How the War ends and see the boys come Home but we Gotter go All of us. There la come a rain of fire and after our bodies Are Burnt to ashes some of us will be saved and the others will be weeping and Wailin and gnashing of you be got it Down pretty Fine Haven t you but say Alamo if we get Burnt to ashes what will we do for lungs to weep and Wall with and Teeth to do our gnashing foolish of course but if you hear a couple of women pattering along like that. In t it the most natural thing in the world to tub them Down when you can come across nothing better and if so be the proper study of Mankind is Man is there any Law against counting in woman the Job w0m.d have meant a whole lot to him j boy s sense of chivalry would t let him squeal Here is the Story of a War worker. When you see that term War worker you usually mean girl but not this time. The phrase Means just one Washington boy a Young fellow who got himself a Job for the summer in one of the newly established wartime by reads. He is a Bright ambitious boy and thought that he might As Well be helping Uncle Sam and earning a Little Money at the same time As playing All summer Long like the thoughtless Butterfly you study about in school. The Way the Story comes to me. He had not been on the Job Long until a packet of letters was mass _ ins. The letters had been intended for a filing Houspi Aud now they were gone. A Man was working on the tiles while the boy happened to be in the room. After search had been made for the letters with no results the boy was called in by the chief and asked if lie had seen the letters. He replied that he had not As he had not. The next Day the boy was dismissed. If you did not take the letters son and i know you did this father said to him Why did t you Tell the chief about the Man being in the room Well it was like this dad the boy replied. I Only wanted to work for the summer and that Man has a steady Job. It does t mean very much for me to lose the Job but i guess it would mean a whole lot for him to have lost his. So and Tho father is proud of his son. And you can t blame him. Although you May think that the boy made a big mistake in so calmly allowing himself to be tired without protest. Wounded soldiers want help not sympathy d Walter Reed Hospital o not lavish too much sympathy upon the convalescent Soldier Hack from France warns major Baldwin chief of he educational service in a statement explaining the reconstruction work done at Walter laced Hospital. A great Many persons have unconsciously tried to spoil these men by misdirected sympathy said major Baldwin. That is Why there fire certain restrictions in regard to visitors at the Hospital. The patient is not a child neither is he a sick Man but a new Type of Man that has met with a physical disability with the accompanying mental shocks. He must be returned to society As a Normal member. The important problem is to help him to develop the proper mental attitude toward his disability his future Outlook and toward others or he permanently becomes a dependent or a the reconstruction work it Walter heed Hospital which has assumed such National importance and which is becoming a demonstration and training school for other hospitals began in a Small Way with n few instructors and a limited number of returned soldiers. There Are at present under construction four Large shop buildings one for lathes and heavy machine work another for electrical work. Including telegraphy and radio another for Woodwork. Including Cabinet making and carpentry and the other for priming photography and classes in drafting. There is also n two Story school building near completion which will be used for academic subjects. More than 700 men Are at present pursuing courses in 30 different lines of activity. Successful War waged on flies and mosquitoes the Campaign waged Here since Early in the Spring on disease bearing tiles and mosquitoes by n Force of 150 soldiers under Lieut. E. Ii. Gibson formerly of the department of agriculture has been most effective in ridding the Campot insect pests which formerly claimed this Section of the country As n favorite stamping ground. Figures Given out by maj. 1. W. Brewer Camp surgeon show that from a record catch of 128,000 tiles in trails which were set in various Barracks mess hulls and other buildings july 2, the number caught gradually decreased to one fourth Tomt figure on August 30, the season of the year when they Are most prevalent. There Are approximately 10,700 flies to the quart. The figures show that 12 quarts were caught on july 2, five quarts August 12, and three and one half quarts August 30. Nearly every one of the 100 or More commissioned officers who wore sent Back from to front to give Engineer troops in the United states the Benefit of their special training and experience in Battle have been assigned to regiments at Humphreys by Brig. Geu. Charlesw. A tits Camp commander. Just How Long these of ulcers will be retained in trs you Fry before being Bent overseas with new regiments cannot be predicted but it is Likely boy will be retained for two or Throe months at least

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