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Postville Herald (Newspaper) - November 8, 1918, Postville, Iowa
The Postville Gierald Postville Iowa. 1-american infantry advancing to the firing line through a Wood in Alsace. 2-pioneers cutting German wire entanglements in a belgian Marsh to permit an infantry Advance. 8-italian sentry Post High in the mountains on the where the Aust Luns have been signally Defeated. News review of the great War Turkey is granted an armistice on terms that mean her absolute surrender. Germany is in same fix inter All led War Council determines conditions on which she May cease fighting Austria badly whipped on the Piave front begs for peace. By Edward w. Pickard. Turkey has Given up. Not waiting for the result of armistice and peace proposals made to the entente allies through president Wilson she made peace proposals to the British government Early in the week which were considered in London As tantamount to unconditional surrender. The armistice went into effect at noon thursday. The request for an armistice was carried to Admiral Calthorpe at my Dros by general Townshend released by the turks for the purpose. Regularly accredited plenipotentiaries followed and after three Days Parley the armistice was signed. It is1 both military and naval in character and while the terms were not at once made Public. It was known that they included free passage of the Allied Ileeta through the Dardanelles occupation of the bosporus and the Dardanelles forts the immediate release and return of nil Allied prisoners of War and concessions that give the allies Complete military domination Over Turkey. The opening up of the Dardanelles leads to the expectation of an Early Battle Between the Allied fleets and the German Black sea Fleet. The latter includes a number of powerful vessels of various types stolen from itus Sla. Turkey could not do much else than surrender. She had fought her Light and was really nil done. General Alienor s great victories in Palestine and the recent big advances of the British expedition in Mesopotamia together with the collapse of Bulgaria which isolated her from her allies left her no other course than Complete submission. The greeks were on Edge to to permitted to March on constantinople und the bulgarians wanted to join in such an Enterprise and there was rioting and threats of revolution in the turkish capital. Latest news from Mesopotamia tells of the capture of the entire turkish array on the Tigris. The United states was not at War with Turkey and so nominally has no part in the peace negotiations but it has been taken for granted thut this country will at least be consulted in. The matter. Probably colonel House now personally representing the president at the councils at Versailles knows what or. Avilton thinks about Turkey As Well us about the rest of lie world and can Tell the representatives of the entente governments. It n by be that in this matter the Senate will have no voice As it intends to have in making peace trestles with the nations with which America is at War. A i the German government having s a Flod its full acceptance of the Allied terms As a basis of arrangements for a cessation of hostilities the enter Allied supreme War Council in Versailles rent most of the week bottling upon he terms of Erml Stylce that should be impound on Tho huns. It was agreed hot these would to exceedingly drastic. There was not the slightest disposition to leave to Tho germans any leans of renewing hostilities if the sequent Pence negotiations should fill through it was Bel sved that the Ernis would include evacuation of All invaded territory within u fixed period surrender of All ordnance and a Tomu Nulph a withdrawal of German. Forces beyond the Rhine and their demobilization surrender of the Frontier fortresses release of All Allied prison of War German prisoners being eld to help in restoration of devastated territory j surrender of of least a number at in Bonto. R a v if Germany accepts the terms of the armistice and begins to carry them out in apparent Good Faith the great War May he considered As virtually ended. This however does not mean that peace will be negotiated with the present government of Germany. Prince Max the Chancellor sought again last week to reassure president Wilson As to the genuineness of the German reforms by which the people Are supposed to have come into control of the government. But or. Wilson As Well As the governments of great Britain and 1 Yance is More than sceptical. It is True that the common people of Germany Are being allowed to speak and even to act As never before but it is far from certain that the Powers of government apparently granted to them cannot be wiped out in a moment by the Kaiser and his masters the junkers when they have attained their ends. The whole matter of German governmental Laws and methods is too complicated for discussion in these columns but it will repay careful study by those who wish to keep abreast of the current of events. Despite repeated demands. In the press and Public speeches that he abdicate the Kaiser refuses to sacrifice himself for the Good of his country. He is reported to have said he would be willing to become Tho hereditary president of Germany and also that when he considers the right moment has come he will step Down from his throne. Tho socialist papers especially have been denouncing film and his associates bitterly and the fact that this has gone unpunished shows that the autocracy is losing ground fast. Tho resignation of Gen. Erich Ludendorff first quartermaster general and considered the brains of the German army had a marked effect Liv Germany being Token to signify the downfall of militarism. He quit it was supposed because the control of military matters was put in the hands of the civil authorities. It was reported that von Hindenburg would order the court martial of Ludendorff. Who will later order the court martial of Hindy was not stated. Germany now stands abandoned by her allies for Austria Hungary was urging Quick action of for a separate armistice and peace. The disintegration of Austria Hungary noted inst Welc made rapid Progress. The croatian parliament tag rain. Decreed the total separation of Croatia Slavonia and Damn ten from Hungary. Tho ass Echo Sjo Valb got into notion and Cut the Railroad Between Berun and Vienna near Boden Nib of that German trains could go Only As far As Schandau. At the same time All communication was severed Between Agram and flume and Budapest and Vienna and the great seaport of flume was handed Over to the croatian National Council. It was no wonder that count an Grassy the Austro hungarian foreign minister was insistent on an armistice for the armies of emperor Charles were having n very bad time of it. The italian front comparatively quiet for Many weeks blazed out in a great attack by the allies and within n week the Aust Lens had been driven Back All the Way Between the brents and Henson Bend. The italians began the offensive and were speedily aided by the British French and american contingents. The crossing of the Piave by these enormous forces was said to be a wonderful sight. Sweeping irresistibly North and East of the River they drove a great wedge into the enemy s lines that speedily gave them Possession of the big austrian base of Vtttoria. Then the action became general along the entire line. The British on the left Wing entered asiago and in the Center reached the liven a River and the italians occupied the City of Derzo. Below the Henson Bend the italians forced a crossing of the Piave and made Swift Progress on the Plains that Border the Gulf of Venice. Most startling of All was the news that Between the Piave and the Brenta the allies had trapped 15 austrian divisions men by capturing the Mountain pass of Vadal. At the time of writing the Fate of these divisions was unknown. Already the allies had taken about 50,000 prisoners and great stores of material. The announcement from Vienna that Austria Hungary was withdrawing her troops from Italy because of her desire for peace sounded rather ridiculous. On thursday the austrian commander asked general Diaz for an armistice. The week was almost As disastrous for the austrian forces in Serbia and Montenegro. They were driven headlong northward and before the end of the week the allies were on the Danube opposite hungarian territory and had nearly reached their own City of Belgrade. In Montenegro Jugo slav units operated with the allies with marked Success. Budapest was reported to be alarmed by the suggestion that the Jugo slavs would Cross the croatian Frontier and attack that City in conjunction with the allies. " -11 the breaking up of his Empire and the numerous and serious riots in Vienna and elsewhere Are said to have so frightened emperor Charles that he has taken Refuge in one of his castles far from the capital and sent his children to another stronghold. Presumably he will still be permitted to remain the ruler of Austria for he is not personally unpopular but what the future has in store for him and his dynasty is Uncertain. In by desperate fighting the germans last week slowed up the Advance of the allies in Belgium and France but it Cost them dear in casualties for Foch s artillery did tremendous execution. In their resistance the huns were aided by the fact that the allies needed time to establish their communications Between their bases and their and Vinced lines. Moreover they did not give the enemy any real rest hut kept hammering it him persistently making valuable if not extensive gains the Best of these were in the Region of Valenciennes where the British reached the Borders of Mormul Forest in the Oise Serre sector where Tho French forced the enemy Back to the Gates of Guise despite violent resistance and on the Champagne front and the Meuse Valley in the latter Region the americans fought nil week Long without let up Tho second army going into action in the woe vre. After a Long und continuous fighting the Yankees gained Complete control of the bots Bel leu East of the Meuse and held it against powerful counter attacks. West of the River there were Lively notions North of grand pre the or fillery of both germans and americans was especially Active All week. The Yankees displayed a marked superiority in this Arm and their heavier guns said to be 15-Inch naval guns on Mobile mountings shelled Tongyon and other Buu bases with decided effect orders popular vote in Hungary people Are to ballot on form of Rule that is to be adopted. Karolyi Heads the Council Calls election to determine the form of government under which Hun. Marians desire to live creation of Republic near. Copenhagen nov. 5.-the hungarian National Council headed by count Karolyi. Has ordered a popular vote to determine the form of government under which the hungarian people desire to live according to dispatches from Budapest. The creation of a hungarian Republic is anticipated. All hungarian traffic toward Germany has been stopped. This moans that 50,000 cars loaded with food will not be allowed to reach Germany. Two German divisions Are reported proceeding from Roumania to Hungary. Bulgar King quits throne government Falls into the hands of a Council of peasants and agrarian. Loudon nov. 5.-Bulgaria has been proclaimed a Republic said an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Berlin by Way of Copenhagen. King Boris has abdicated. Copenhagen nov. Boris of Bulgaria who ascended the throne on october 3, has abdicated. A peasant government has been established at Tirnovan under the leadership of m. Stam Bulowsky who has been the chief of the peasants and agrarian of Bulgaria for some time. London nov. 5.-m. Stam Bulowsky who is reported to be the head of the new government in Bulgaria is said to be in command of a Republican army of 40,000 men according to a Zurich dispatch to the Central news. Kaiser hides in the army German emperor refuses to abdicate and takes Refuge at army Headquarters. Paris nov. 5.-the German emperor persists in his refusal to abdicate and took Refuge in German army Headquarters after the meeting of the new War Cabinet Council at which his abdication was discussed. Paris nov. 5.-the abdication of the German emperor May now be considered a fact according to a Geneva dispatch to the Temps. Official publication of the abdication has been prepared and awaits Only an opportune moment for announcement the dispatch adds. Flight is now stabilized United states plane flies Twenty Miles in France entirely uncontrolled. An american aerodrome in France nov. 5.-an Experiment recently conducted by an aviator revealed How thoroughly More flight has been stabilized. In midair the Pilot released his hand and foot controls entirely and touched nothing for 20 Miles leaving his machine to Fly itself until just before Landing. You could t do that with an automobile he laughed after describing the performance to fellow flyers. 100,000 jews for Palestine that number enrolled in the United states for zionist emigration. New York nov. 4.-nearly 100,000 tews in this country have been enrolled As prospective emigrants to Tho new jewish National Homeland in Palestine according to in announcement by the zionist organization of America on the flt St anniversary of official British recognition of the Homeland movement. Many die in Bonn air raid Cologne Volks Zeitung says Many persons were killed by British flyers Amsterdam no. 4.-a Inge number of persons were killed and Many wounded at Bonn by bombs dropped by British airmen who carried out n raid on the railway station in the Center of the town according to the Cologne Volks Zeitung. German people to punish Kaiser. Washington nov. 5.-punishment for and the prussian War lords guilty of the German crimes of the inst four years will be meted out in summary manner by the German people diplomatic. Advices indicated. Get permanent leave. Amsterdam nov. 5. The Navy department of the Austro hunger inn ministry of War has published my Imperial decree permitting nil men who re not of South slav nationality to return Home on permanent leave. Austria quits Germany left alone in War official announcement made in London of surrender to general Diaz. Terms not yet made Public Allied War Council at Paris to an. Ounce the conditions at once fighting on the italian front is now ended. Home nov. 4.-"we occupied Trent and Udine and landed at Trieste says u late announcement from general Diaz. London nov. 4.-an armistice with Austria was signed sunday by general Diaz the italian commander in chief according to an official announcement made Here. The text of the statement reads a Telephone message has been received from the prime minister in Par is saying that news has just come that Austria Hungary the last of Germany s props has gone out of the War. The armistice was signed by general Diaz sunday afternoon and will come into operation monday at three o clock p. In. The terms will be published hostilities cease. Vienna nov. 4.-"hostilities have ceased in the italian theater of War says an official statement issued Here. An armistice has been concluded the statement adds. Terms to be made Public. Paris nov. 4.-official announcement of the signing of the austrian armistice reached the premiers while they were in session at the apartment of colonel House president Wilson s special representative and gave the greatest satisfaction. It was arranged that the conditions of the armistice would be made Public promptly. Confirmed by George. London nov. 4.-Premier Lloyd George telephoned from Paris that the austrian armistice was signed at Gen a Al Diaz s Headquarters sunday. Terms to be Stern. No official hint As to the terms accepted by Austria has been disclosed but in View of the officially inspired statement from Washington yesterday of the terms proposed for Germany it is believed they will be at least As stringent. The terms proposed for Germany Are such that their acceptance would mean virtual military surrender and would place Germany at the mercy of the allies. It is believed that the same general idea governs the terms to be offered her principal ally. The italian Irr dentist claims undoubtedly have an important bearing on the terms accepted by Austria. Wilson s terms follow. An official announcement issued by the italian government yesterday stating that negotiations for an armistice were under Way is significant. It said in part the conditions of the armistice Are inspired by the principles of president Wilson namely to Render it impossible for the enemy to recommence War and to prevent him profiting by an armistice to withdraw from n difficult military situation. The condition of the Battle along our front demonstrates the great value of these the claim of Italy to the provinces of Trent and Trieste doubtless Imp been allowed in the signing of the armistice Wilile press dispatches today reporting the Landing of italian troops it the fort of Trieste indicates that Austria s sea Power is to be curbed at least by the surrender of her principal seaports on the Adriatic if not by the surrender of her entire Navy. Confirmed at Washington. Washington nov. 4. Cable dispatches reporting the signing of the austrian armistice at general Dunz s Headquarters were confirmed Here in official dispatches to the United states government. It was stated Here however that the terms of the armistice would be give out probably today both in Washington and Europe. This was taken to mean that the terms Are on the cables. It was said positively that no announcement on the details of the armistice would be made sooner. German people to punish Kaiser. Washington nov. 4.-punishment for the Kaiser and the prussian War lords guilty of the German crimes of the inst four years will be meted out in summary manner by the German people diplomatic advices indicated. German people to punish Kaiser. Washington nov. 4.-punishment for the Kaiser and the prussian War lords guilty of the Gorman crimes of the inst four years will be meted out in summary manner by the German people diplomatic advices indicated. Brewery to make shells Washington nov. 4.-the Anheuser Bush brewery in St. Louis is to be converted into a Cartridge factory that will turn out 3,000.000 a Day. The ordnance department has let the contract and will begin in three weeks. Highest Type of citizen he is the Man who sees tendency of the times and helps direct it correctly. Who is he a person who keeps his eyes open and knows what is going on and who asserts a conviction from what he sees. One May think it is very difficult considering the complexity and multiplicity of events to possess oneself of a governing truth from the Driftwood of the rapidly passing Stream of tilings. But that is not what he has to do. If a person has to wait for every Little particular he will never reach a judgment or belief. You can see such people in a Community Mere peckers of Bird seed full of vapid talk and controversy. They Are no More agents of truth than old Nick is. You Don t have to inspect each particular Straw to see what a Haystack is. You can look at it see its form understand its purpose and know All there is in a Haystack to know. So in life the Small facts Are endless and shed no Light. One must turn from them to the tendency or policy and make up his mind from that. Such a discovery is easier than a single fact. One cannot make up one s mind from Little things for they Are endless one suggesting another infinitely. So a general View that expresses a tendency provides the Opportunity for a conviction. J in civic duty then is to get no que United with the tendency of a measure of policy the influence it has on other things and How it affects the habits of a Community. This constant to Werling about particulars never constructs n real Faith. One has to take his stand on an axion or self evident truth and then look out and see whether a circumstance is coming to him or going from him. That Job the Way to get it a tendency which 1? the necessity habit of Good citizenship. It is the Small mind that is constantly looking for Peanut facts and reasons. It is the larger mind that looks for tendencies and the Field for its exercise includes nil National state and City affairs. A Man who does t see tendencies there is a poor citizen and they arc journal. Consider looks of things any number of reasons Why every Effort should be made to make Home attractive. In travelling through a certain Section of Illinois the other Day i noticed that most of the Homes were cheerless and desolate director Charles Adkins told me the other Day. The Yards were full of weeds there were no Flowers nor vines and the majority of the houses were unpainted. Who would want to live in such a place what attraction is there to keep the boys and girls on the farm i Felt like asking these people Why they d in t paint up and clean up and make their Homes look like soldiers Are required to keep their equipment clean and their faces shaved because of the effect on their morale. A clean trim looking Soldier has More self respect and fights better than a slovenly one. The Man who takes Pride in the appearance of his place is a better Farmer and a better Man in that account. The whole family undertakes its tasks More cheerfully and More successfully because of it. Prairie Farmer. Respect other people s property. Attention to other people s property adds to the National wealth. The idea seems to have gotten abroad that wealth is purely a personal matter. To a certain extent that is True. But wealth produces for the common Good. The facts show that not dire poverty but growth and development is the occasion of discontent. You can do your part in the upward March of Progress by teaching men that every property loss brings calamity on the Community. And the principle works both ways. Men often sow for the other Man what they themselves reap. Be a constructionist and learn to respect other people s property. 1 houses from barns. In the growth of our towns and Samv urls especially in the older ones places of several acres Are frequently divided into smaller building lots writes Helen Bowen in the House Beautiful. Such places usually Onva barns or stables which Are often built and in sound enough condition to be remodeler into houses. In the present High Cost of lumber and labor the saving is Worth considering though it varies greatly in different cases. If the barn has a Good foundation a Strong sound Frame and does not require much altering in size or shape the saving will be considerable. to Honor War heroes. In the Amerl Cun forestry Magazine the official Organ of Tho american forestry association an editorial is devoted to the move in several cities to Plant Trees in Honor of the War heroes. The Mug zone urges that this be made a Nall Onul movement it is urged that Boulevard be planted As Liberty Row or Lino some special Street with Vale try Oaks each to be named for a fallen hero
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