Postville Herald in Postville, Iowa
30 Aug 1918

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Postville Herald in Postville, Iowa
30 Aug 1918

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Postville Herald (Newspaper) - August 30, 1918, Postville, Iowa The Post Jive Herald Postville Iowa. To 45 draft wins in House on of new York and Gordon of Ohio oppose measure. Al vote was 336 to 2 Mere Are to be placed in deferred lasses if Senate accepts amendment fight to Call youth6 last Falls. Lushington aug. 27.-bv a Rote of to 2 Tho House passed ten Adin Lyls ton Man Power Bill on saturday King the draft ago limits eighteen forty five years substantially As noted by the War department. The Only votes of Wainst the Bill were St by representative Meyer London new York socialist and represent Ive Gordon of Ohio Democrat. The new Man Power Bill As passed y the House of representatives pro ties for Extension of the army draft men Between the Ages of eighteen and forty five. Amendments to the Bill agreed to by be House provide that members of ingress and state legislators Are not menu blk to the draft that Farmers re to be placed in deferred classes hat the Provost marshal general May Nuse men to be re examined after heir cases have been deeded by local boards and that citizens of co Bellig rent countries will be subject to the draft except where treaties would be isolated. An attempt to have men Between he Ages of eighteen and Twenty called Only after All in class 1 Over thirty one years had been called failed. The Senate failed to reach a vote As had been expected. So Many senators indicated a desire to discuss the Bill that senator Chamberlain of Oregon chairman of the Senate military affairs committee foreseeing the impossibility of reaching a vote asked that it go Over until monday. The Gregg amendment adopted Friday making officers of the executive and legislative branches of the government subject to the draft was Defeated on a second vote 143 to 8l. The House also voted Down the amendment offered by representative Madden of Illinois providing that no employee of the executive departments of the government should be granted exemption or deferred classification simply because of the nature of his employment. Representative Black of Texas forced n showdown on the question of drafting workers who strike after be ing exempted for essential Industry. He proposed an amendment similar to that recommended by the Senate military affairs committee. It was rejected 01 to 52. The House agreed to an amendment offered by representative Treadway of Massachusetts giving the Provost marshal general broader authority in dealing with local draft boards. The amendment would enable the Provost marshal general if dissatisfied with the work of a local Board to Send special examiner into the District to reexamine the men in deferred classifications. The Treadway Mcculloch and Campbell amendments adopted Friday constitute the Only important changes made by the House in the Bill. The Mcculloch amendment orders the drafting of the resident subjects of nations co belligerent with the. United states unless they Are specifically exempted by treaty. The Campbell amendment specifically authorizes the placing of persons engaged in agricultural occupations in deferred classes. Cubs capture the Pennant National commission announces that opening game will be played at Chicago on september 4. Chicago aug. 27.-coincident with the clinching of the National league Pennant by the cubs saturday came the official announcement from the National commission that the world s series will open september 4 in the City represented by the National league which Means that Chicago fans will see the Start of the big show. The first three games of the series Are to he played in Chicago and the remainder in the City of the american league champions. If the series goes to seven zanies the rival team will have the advantage of four games at Home. Whilo Wie Amer Lynn league championship is of decided indications Are that the Boston red hold their Lead and will be the team to appear against the cubs. The Cleveland team still has a Chance but a slim one. Ship sinks Twenty one missing. Watch Hill a i., aug. 27.-Tlio Cumer George Hudson in the coast fisheries service struck on the rocks Oft hero in a heavy fog and Sank. To lice of her Crew have reached Shore. The Steamer carried u Crew of 24. Car Kelli five in Auto. Logansport jnd., aug. 27.-mr. An mrs. Bert Mccain mrs. Pearl lanus j and mrs. Guy Taylor and three year old child,., All of. Camden lad., were wiled when their automobile was la truck Byah enter Urban a " 60lsheviki at War with u. A vice Consul Lowers Flag Over consulate at Petrograd. More u. S. Troops landed 1-remarkable photograph showing the last plunge of a torpedoed steamship. 2-american troops at the dedication of the new. Wilson Bridge at Lyons France. 3-ruins of the Beautiful Albert Cathedral which the huns have been using As n site for their guns. News review of the great War advances of allies threaten the whole German line from Ypres to reims. French capture Lassigne fall of Noyon made certain by victories of Humbert and mangle Haig s forces give huns several hard blows North of the Somme. By Edward w. Pickard. Blow after blow was delivered at the germans last week along the 120-mlle front Between Soissons and Ypres and with each blow their resistance grew weaker and their definite retirement in Picardy More certain. At no Point did the allies gain any great expanse of territory but everywhere they struck they gained ground that was of vital importance to the defensive system of the huns. When the week closed it appeared Likely that the enemy must withdraw from the entire Picardy salient and that he probably would be forced Back to the Chwmin Des Dames before Long. Marshal Foch was not Only picking the pockets it Tho Hun but he was turning them inside out. More than that he was forcing the germans to tight where and when he chose instead of awaiting their attacks in sectors of their selection. Thus he made it almost impossible for them to reorganize their battered divisions and prepare for a counter stroke that might be effective. A the severest blow sustained by the enemy during the week was the capture of Lassigne one of the key Points of his defensive line. The town which has Long been but n mass of ruins was taken by general Humbert s French army wednesday. In the same attack chary our stamp was entered Orval Wood was taken with the grenade and Bayonet and the plateau that dominated the Valley of Tho Olvette was occupied. During the succeeding night Humbert s men drove Forward Between the Matz and the Oise until they had reached the Allette Humbert s troops occupied the height Lemont on thursday and then captured thl Escourt thus completing the Conquest of the Hills comprising tin thl Escourt Massif. This in the opinion of competent observers made certain the Early fall of Noyon. To make Assurance doubly sure general Mangin with another French army was steadily forcing his Way up the left Bank of the Oise not Only helping to surround Noyon but endangering the German lines North of Tho Vesle. In this Olse Aisne Triangle the huns were retiring rather rapidly and general mangle took Many thousands of prisoners. At some Points however notably be saponin they brought up re enforcements and counter attacked heavily with no result ex-1 cent to increase their own losses. Earlier in the week mangle s troops had won a Brilliant Victory in that Long out the numerous machine gun nests. The prisoners were in Good condition but seemed very glad to be captured. Next Day marshal Haig delivered another blow this time immediately South of the scene of Byng s Success Between the acre and the Somme. Satisfactory Progress was made there also. On thursday Haig let Loose a third attack in the Albert sector extending South to Bray. The town of Albert was taken and Tho British rushed Forward for a gain of several Miles despite desperate resistance by the enemy. Meanwhile the germans were slowly getting out of the salient Between Ypres and la Bassee under steady pressure by the British. The fighting hero was continuous and Sharp for the huns did not wish to be hurried but when they moved too slowly they were prodded with vicious attacks As North of Bailleul and near Merville. Go news from the americans chiefly concerned those holding the Center of the Vesle River line. These men made no Especial efforts to Advance but successfully held on to All their positions despite the great activity of the enemy artillery. Their aviators did much excellent work during the week especially in the line of bombing. This seems destined to be their particular duty and it will prove to be of utmost importance. The arrival at the front of american made planes caused great rejoicing in the army. In the woe vre the americans by Quick work with Rifle and grenade frustrated attempts to raid their trenches. To All of the japanese troops for the siberian expedition have been landed at Vladivostok and More of the american contingent have arrived there. Despite rumours to the contrary these two nations and China Are operating there in Complete Harmony and their forces Are getting into action at once to assist the Czecho slovaks and to maintain control Over the trans siberian railway.  the enemy opposing the i czechs in Eastern Siberia made up of soviet troops and Teuton War prisoners has a strength of 40,000 men with. 70 big guns and 200 machine guns. In trans bal Kalia also the czechs Are fighting against heavy Odds and haste is needed to secure Irkutsk and Western Siberia. In Wtissia the Czecho slovaks captured Shadrinsky an important railway Junction East of the ural mountains and Between Ekaterinburg and Kurgan. No definite news came from archangel and the Munnin coast though German dispatches asserted the allies had withdrawn beyond Range of the bolshevik artillery. Petrograd has been the scene of bloody a los Between Lettish guards and Riotto who demanded food. Hundreds were killed and wounded and finally martial Law was proclaimed. In Moscow there is a veritable reign of terror and several Hundred of the 15,-000 officers arrested have been shot. Kab Scarcity of Rice caused serious riots in Japan the trouble spreading to Many parts of the Empire. The government took forceful action to Stop the disorders and also bought up All Tho Rice in storage to be sold to the people at reasonable prices. The outbreaks were due to the taking Over by the War department of Large stores losses of Allied and Neutral merchant shipping during july aggregated 313,011 Gross tons an increase Over the month of june but a big decrease from the losses of july 1917. There is nothing in the shipping situation to change the opinion that the submarine Campaign is a Flat failure. Its outbreaks now Are up Frndic and More annoying than serious. Among the Neutral nations that have suffered from it Spain. Is showing the most resentment and last week it notified the Imperial German government that Spanish tonnage having been reduced to the extreme limit Spain will be obliged in Case of new sinking to substitute therefor German vessels interned in Spanish ports. At the same time the Spanish Cabinet announced Spain will continue to observe neutrality. There is a Strong pro German element in Spain and every hint of a rupture of relations brings violent protest from the pro German press there. Germany s latest peace offensive consisting of speeches by leading men was opened by doctor Solf minister of colonies who devoted himself mainly to blaming England for starting the War and attacking the British intention to retain the conquered German colonies. He also defended German s course in the near East asserting that she was merely protecting the Frontier Peoples of Russia until they Are capable of determining their own National future. The Czecho slovaks he denounced As landless robber the expressed determination of the Allied nations to defeat the germans on the Battlefield gives doctor Solf great pain und arouses his bitter anger. Jas with troops going across the Atlantic at the rate of about 250,000 a month with the new draft Law about to be put on its passage and with War industries Well organized and ready to operate full blast the american government is confronted with a serious shortage of labor. A million workers Are needed at once and the administration intends that they shall be provided for the concerns that Are ranking War materials no matter what happens to private business. Nonessential industries will be called on to give up Many of their men All idlers will be put to work and women will be used to release men for War work that women cannot do. The emergency is one that must be met and those in authority propose to meet it in the same spirit in which they have met the need for a huge army of fighters. Is a general feeling of satisfaction pervaded the country when it was announced that the 100 i. W. W. Leaders on trial in Chicago for disloyalty had been convicted. Next on the list of alleged Dis loyalists to be Given a dose of Justice Are live socialists Victor l. Berger Adolph Germer Irwin St. John Tucker j. Louis Engdahl and William f. Kruse. The charges against them Are even More serious than were those against the thirty first regiment of regulars arrives at Vladivostok two ally councils created for Russia. Avns Hington aug. 24.-because the bolshevik government declared a state of War exists Between Russia and the United states vice Consul Imbrie has lowered the United states Flag Over he consulate at Petrograd. Closed the consulate and placed the affairs of the United states in charge of the norwegian government. Americans in Petrograd of whom there Are approximately 20, have been warned to festive the country by the vice Consul. Their houses were searched one of them is under arrest and one is hiding. Tha thirty first regiment of regulars has arrived at Vladivostok from Manila. Secretary Baker announced. To co Oral innate the efforts of the allies and the United states in Russia an official dispatch from France says it has been decided to create two International councils one at archangel including the entente ambassadors under the presidency of ambassador Francis of the United states the other Iff Vladivostok to be composed of five High officials. On the Vladivostok Council great Britain will be represented by sir Charles Eliot France by Engene Regnault Fowier ambassador to Japan and Japan by m. Mut Sudin. It was said at the state department that an american representative had not been named. Great Battle for Chicago air sea and land defences will be portrayed at the War exposition Chicago aug. 22.-what would happen if Chicago were to be simultaneously attacked from air. Sea and on land will be vividly portrayed at the United states government War expo Sifton in Grant Park september 2 to 15. Already in Routis via the air is a Fleet of ten american and three British Battle planes which Are making a tour of the Middle Western states and will terminate their flight at Chicago for the exposition. According to plans just set afoot a Large dirigible balloon will Fly to Chicago from an Eastern City with Crew and armament. Plans previously announced cover a Battery of americans 75 s with real shells and artillerymen to handle them. Two subs sunk off u. S. One rammed by american ship other hit by Tanker Twenty sixth shot goes Home. Washington Ang. 22.-the Navy department announced that the Captain of an american Steamer had reported that his vessel rammed and probably Sank a submarine about 90 p. To. On saturday August 17, near Winter Quarter Shoal off the Northern Virginia coast. The Captain stated the submarine was struck on its port Bow bringing it alongside. The Steamer is now in port with it badly damaged Bow. The Captain thinks he Sank the submarine. An Atlantic port. Aug. 22-a 400-foot enemy submarine was sunk off the Atlantic coast by the gun Crew of a British Tanker according to an officer of the Tanker. The Tanker s Twenty sixth shot ended the Battle. Neighbourhood in the vessels Valley overcoming very heavy Gas attacks of of provisions for the _ siberian expert the huns. Still nearer Soissons  on " the extreme right of this Battle front the French took Laval and reached advantageous positions on the plateau North of the alone. On wednesday general Byng with a British army hit the huns with one of his sudden blows attacking of a ten mile front North of the acre facing in pause and driving the enemy Back in disorder for several Miles. Star Tang at Dawn in a heavy fog the British took von below s troops completely by Surprise and before the Day captured villages guns and prisoners in Large numbers and Hod inflicted heavy Consu Netles. Close behind a sweeping barrage the tanks and then the infantry rushed forward1 until they were almost within reach of Bop aume. The germans put up Stout resistance at some places especially Courcelles but the tanks rolled Over them remorselessly. Meanwhile the. Liln pct Tore about the Field clean ton and to the hoarding of stocks and inflation of prices by the Rice growers and i a a the submarines operating off the Atlantic coast have turned their attention mainly to the fishing fleets on the grand Banks and have destroyed n number of trawlers. One of the latter was captured fitted out with two guns and a German Crew and sent out As a Raider it Sank several fishing vessels but Tho Navy put n Large number of Swift Craft on its Trail and it was predicted that its career would be Brief. It. Is believed there Are three submarines in american Waters and a number of steamships have reported Battles with them. The Navy department announced that the american Steamer Mon Tauau used As an army Supply ship was torpedoed and sunk la foreign Waters with the probable loss of three members of Thev civilian Crew and two members p the naval armed guard. A the House ways and Means committee nearly completed the draft of the i?s,000,poo,000 Revenue Bill but had still to decide Between two propositions for the excess profits tax. According to chairman Kitchin these were first an s per cent deduction in addition to the $8,000 specific exemption with a 85 per cent tax on profits Between 8 and 15 per cent 50 per cent tax on profits Between 15 and 20 per cent and 70 per cent tax on profits above 20 per cent and second the same exemption and deduction with 40 per cent tax on profit Between 8 and 20 per cent and 70 pet cent Tux on profits exceeding 20 per cent. Tho committee decided on a Flat 10 per cent deduction As a minimum on War profits. The proportion of excess profits and War profits taxes will remain the some that is 00 per cent of business will fall under the War profits tax. It decided on a Fiat 10 per cent minimum deduction for prewar earnings in computing the War profits tax., a provision affecting corporations with swollen profits directs that any corporation whose capital exceeds $1,-000,000 shall pay a tax of at least 10 per cent of its net income As excess profits. Minnesota gale1 kills 34 one Hundred Hurt and 20 missing when Tornado wipes out business Section of Tyler. Tyler., Minn. Aug. 24-thirty-four dead 20 missing and 100 injured is the toll Here of a Tornado which swept this town and Southeastern Minnesota wednesday. The Tornado Tore through the heart of the town sparing one building a moving picture theater in which 200 persons were sheltered. Eighteen persons wore in a restaurant when the Walls a collapsed. Sixteen were killed and the other two were seriously injured. In addition to the business places 40 residences the Hospital electric Light Plant and other buildings wore destroyed. Destruction of the electric Light Plant and the City water works with the first shocks of the storm plunged the cily in darkness. Army officer ends life. Portsmouth x. It. Aug. 24,-col. George t. Patterson it. S. A., commanding officer of the Portsmouth Harbor military Post committed suicide Here by shooting. A nervous breakdown caused his act Appeal for Street Trees los Angeles newspaper recognizes their value in residential streets of the Community. Los Angeles is More in need of Street Trees than Ever before declares the times of that City. We have lately annexed territory far More in need of Shade Trees than any other part of the City. There Are Miles of Bare streets now and As subdivision comes which will be soon there must be planted thousands of Shade Trees. This work should be done Only under municipal control and the Only debatable question is How. In a City so Large having a magnificent Park area the Park commission has All it May easily do in the proper development and maintenance of the Parks. And it must not be supposed that the two lines Are identical in their demands in either theory or practice or in necessary technical knowledge. These local problems if controlled by the same commission would cause a division of interest whereas the opposite should obtain. If one body controls the two which shall be the Tail and which the dog today a majority of the commission May favor up building our Parks and Little realize or recognize the necessity or desirability for Street Trees. In two years changes in the personnel might put the shoe on the other foot. Bring songsters. To Garden artificial Birds attract them and give realistic appearance to Flower Beds. Birds Are sociable creatures. If one finds a pleasant spot and seems to stay around it his presence will do More than anything else to attract others. For this reason the use of a artificial Birds mounted on Sticks Are ornamental in the Garden and attract other Birds to the spot. J to facial Birds in Garden plots and As props on which to train growing vines has found favor. The Birds Are pivoted on stakes of varying Heights so that they May be used in Beds of Dwarf plants or tall ones. The effect is very pleasing to the science monthly. Syracuse aids in Good work. Syracuse is a Community that has lately joined the Shade tree fraternity and moreover is working at it. Syracuse University has a school of forestry recently established including the first definite course on Street silviculture. By Means of its Extension department it is aiding in new York state in the Shade tree idea. The City has recently appointed a City forester a graduate of that school a Good beginning. The Park superintendent and the City forester have exclusive control of existing Trees and Power to set out new plantings. With proper appreciation of Trees As a decorative Factor and of the splendid possibilities of that City set on its seven Hills we May expect results if the municipal authorities will Grant sufficient funds. At present they give about $7,000 per year for the maintenance of their 45,000 Trees which Means about 15 cents per tree per annul. Much of this is spent in taking Down dead Trees. The Park department of Tho City of Paris pays ,25 per tree per annul the City of Newark 50 cents feeling better. Good morning was the Salute of the doctor Asho breezed into the patient s room. Are you feeling better today of yes doctor much better replied the smiling Young Man patient our Home team won yesterday women Chimney sweeps. In Paris women have proved entirely efficient As Chimney sweeps. They Are said to ply their new roof Trade As fearlessly As if they were Bora to it miners to ask increase Washington aug. 24. President Hayes of the United mine workers and two representatives from each mining District met it Headquarters to formulate demands it is understood for a

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