Postville Herald in Postville, Iowa
16 Aug 1918

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Postville Herald in Postville, Iowa
16 Aug 1918

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Postville Herald (Newspaper) - August 16, 1918, Postville, Iowa The Postville Herald Postville Iowa Arns . Of Coal shortage a. A  _ resident tells operators and workers to Speed up production. Al Scarcity is War peril ecu Tive in proclamation appeals to All persons engaged in Coal mining to take prompt action to wipe out menace. Washington aug. 18. President Ilson aroused Over the grave Dnn a or in the Coal situation of the coun and continuing decreases in pro us ton addressed u proclamation of Undy to All persons engaged in Coal Ling culling for prompt mid vigor Inchon by operators and miners. The test of the president s Prielu action rends. The existing Sci Ralty of Coal is renting a grave Lunger in fact the lost serious which confronts us and Nils for prompt and vigorous action n the part of both of rotors and Man is. Without in adequate Supply our Var program will be retarded the of be Riveness of our lighting forces in a Nice will be lessened the lives of Tir soldiers will be unnecessarily in inn gered and their hardships in raised and there will he much suffering in Many Homes during the Winter. I am Well Nure that your ranks have been seriously depleted by the lie demands of other essential industries. This Hundl cup can be overcome however and sufficient con can be mined in spite of it if every one connected with the Industry from the Lush est official to the youngest boy will give his Best work every Day for the full number of working hours the operators must be zealous As never before to bring about the highest efficiency of management to establish the Best possible working conditions and to Accord fair treatment to everybody so that the Opportunity to work at his Best May be accorded every Workman. The miners should report for work every Day unless prevented by in voidable causes and should not Only stay in the mines the full time but also see to it that they get out More Coal. The other workers in and about the mines should work is regularly and faithfully so that the work of the Miner May not be retarded in any Way. This will be especially necessary from this time Forward for your numbers May be further lessened by the draft which will induct into the non in your fair share of those not essential to Industry. Those who Are drafted but who sire essential will be Given deferred classification and it is their patriotic duty to accept it. And it is the patriotic duty of their friends and neighbors to hold them in High regard for doing so. The Only worker who deserves the condemnation of his Community is the one who Falls to give his Best in this crisis not the one who accepts deferred classification and works regularly and diligently to increase the con output a great task is to be performed. The operators and their staff alone cannot do it nor Enn the mine workers alone do it but both parties working hand in Blind with a grim Determann ton to rid the country of its greatest obstacle to winning the War can do it. It is wit i full Confidence that i Call upon Yon to assume the Burden of producing tin ample Supply of con. You will i Era sure accept this Burden and will successfully Curry it through and in so doing you will be performing a service just As worthy As service in the trenches and will win the applause and gratitude of the whole nation. Woodrow Wilson. The White House aug. 9, Lenine ready to flee bolshevik soviet organization tottering and revolt grows Hun envoy flees Moscow. London aug. 13.-the Antl bolshevik movement in Russia is growing rapidly the bolshevik soviet organization having virtually gone to pieces. Nikolai lonne the Premier and Leon Trotzky his War minister intend to flee to germ by should the situation become too serious. The Petrograd newspaper Isle Stan is quoted by a correspondent is stating that it several Points in that lint of Russia not occupied by the enemy counter revolutionary moment s have broken out in a number of tows. Copenhagen aug. 12.-the German embassy at. Moscow will remove immediately to Pskov owing to conditions in Moscow according to advices from Berlin. Big Hun gun is silent. Purls aug. .13.--the Mug Range Enn non with which the germans have intermittently bombarded Paris for More than four months past have now been silent for two Days. This fact May be explained by the Allied Advance. 1-american, Ion Gisli. Canadian new zealand turn South american aviators examining u map prior to a mint Over the German lines in France. 2-Hun prisoners being made useful in currying wounded British soldiers aboard a Hospital ship. 3-Steuiner qui sconce first vessel built at hog Island Yard being launched the president Belg ind mrs. Wilson christening the ship. News review of the great War British and French begin new offensive Between Albert and Mont Didier. Haig directs the drive mine sinks Hun destroyer. London aug 18.-a German destroyer was sunk eight Miles Oft Zee Brugge. According to in official state went issued by the admiralty. The statement says that the destroyer was unit by striking a British mine. Allies Force crossing of the Vesle River in face of Strong resistance plans for siberian expedition March states american army program. By Edward w. Pickard. Having thoroughly whipped the armies of the German Crown Prince and driven Thom Back beyond the Vesle River Fob now a marshal of France turned his attention in the Middle of the week to the forces under the bavarian Crown Prince. Rup Precht. At Dawn on thursday the British fourth army and the French first army under command of Field marshal Illg began an offensive on a wide front in the Region East and Southeast of Amiens. The front under attack was about Twenty eight Miles in length from Albert South to the Vicinity of Mont Didier. Within 24 hours the Allied forces had penetrated the enemy lines to Points from sex to seven Miles beyond the Start had taken More than 10,000 prisoners and great quantities of material and Many guns and bad occupied numerous towns. Their own losses were remarkably Light. Tanks led the infantry in the attack and did wonderfully Good work. Complete Success in this offensive would result in obliterating the German salient in the Mont Didier Region and would imperil the entire Hun line from reims to Ypres. The germans seem to have anticipated this movement by the allies and some Days previously withdrew their forces there and in other sectors to stronger i positions. Progress by the allies Here carries them into the Picardy country which was ravaged by the germans in their Retreat of March 1017, and again devastated by them when they drove Forward this year. A the Defeated but not disorganized huns Between Soissons and reims As was predicted gathered their strength for a pause in their Retreat Between the Vesle Rand the alone. Their guns were brought into play from the pint eau in that Region which commands the Vesle Valley. The germans indeed made strenuous attempts to prevent the French and americans from crossing the Vesle especially in the Vicinity of Flamos but numerous relatively Small units forced the Crossings and held onto their new positions despite furious counter attacks. These operations were mostly Between Brasno and Fis Mefi. Up to the close of the week marshal Foch bad not tried to Send any very Large forces across the River probably waiting until his artillery could drive the huns from the nearer Hills to the North. The germans wore using Only medium Caliper guns which was taken to mean that their heavier artillery was Belner placed North of the alone to defend that line for there seemed Little doubt hint they would to forced that for North before very Long. Their position soil la of the alone was said to be really untenable though seemingly Strong. At the West end of the line the French and americans were steadily pushing East along the alone and at the East end immediately North of reims the French made considerable Advance Between the railways running to non and Rethol. The City of flames which was so gallantly taken by the americans was As gallantly held against nil attn eks. Though the germans deluged it with explosive mid Gas shells. The machine gun arid Rifle Are of the Yankees was a so accurate As to Trouso the uni Len Hon of their Fulllen. A activity inc Rensch during the week in the Lys salient which the germans made toward Bethune and Hazebrouck. On the Southern Side of this bulge the British moved Forward Between the Lawe and the Clarence. In other sectors of the Northern line also the British attacked successfully. These operations probably were nil related though their full significance was not known Here. At least it was Clear that Foch and no intention of allowing the huns to have any rest now that he has them on the defensive. In authorities admit that the Kaiser s strength is still prodigious and that he has Large reserves but All unite in asserting that he has passed beyond the High Point of Power and efficiency and can never regain numerical supremacy nor can he Ever again have the Opportunity to achieve a Victory that was his two months ago. Those of his people who know the truth now admit that his ultimate defeat is a certainty. The More fearless papers of Germany and Austria do not hesitate to soy this plainly. The military and pan German lenders Are held responsible and is their Only Hope lies to the allies the crushing blow so Long promised by them. It is reasonable to expect another great Hun offensive before Jong. That is if marshal Foch gives them n Chance which does t seem to be a part of his present plans. Re a arrangements for the american Jap nynese expedition to Siberia have been going Forward rapidly and the czechoslovak forces Over there will soon have the Active support of a Small but competent body of Allied troops. It is announced that two regiments now in the Philippines will form part of the american contingent and hint it will be commanded by maj. Gen. William s. Graves until recently assistant chief of staff of the army. Later it will be determined whether to will command the entire expedition. At Vladivostok the americans will be joined by an to anal number of japanese and probably they will first drive from the amur bronc i of the trans siberian railway the bolshevik and the Teuton War prisoners who were armed to Aid them. Eastern Siberia would then be in the. Control of the allies and Loyal russians. British forces were landed at Vladivostok last week for what purpose was not stated. Ibs tapas has Given evidence of eagerness to do More in Siberia than merely Aid the czechs if she has the excuse and it is reported that Lenyne now plans to declare War on the japanese being instigated by Germany. The successes of Fie czechs have had great effect in Austria and reports from that country Tell of the desertion of about a million soldiers of the Austro Hun Gnu inn army. Eighty thousand of these deserters Are living in Vienna and the government fears to take any step against them. A a. Conditions in Northern Russia Are very encouraging. The allies have been driving the bolshevik South from archangel and a new government has been established in that City embracing half a dozen districts. Volunteer detachments of White guards Are assisting the allies. M. I. Teretschenko minister of foreign affairs in Keren sky s Cabinet has been assassinated in poltava. Seemingly not yet quite satisfied that zeppelins As raiders Are a failure the germans sent n Fleet of five of these monsters across to raid England last week. Their coming was signalled and they were attacked by the British air defense before they could reach the coast. One of them was shot Down in flames Over the sea its commander the noted Captain Strusser and All the Crew perishing. The other airships fled. We Tho Sumn Reno pirates continued their depredations in the Western Atlantic Torp doing a number of merchant ships and fishing boats and sinking the Diamond Shoals lightship off Capo in terns. This last mentioned exploit Amy be part of a set plan of destroying important navigation signals in order to hamper shipping. The doings of the a boats however no longer cause Tho allies extreme Nix Jety. For it is evident hey Are on the decline v addressing the House of commons Premier Lloyd George sold 160 submarines had been sunk by the British Navy and the British Admir Alty announces the output of merchant ships by the allies and Neutral nations for the three months ending june 30 exceeded the losses from All causes by 2kt,g9g Gross tons. The american Yards Are now turning out vessels with extraordinary rapidity. The launching of the first one from the great government Yard at hog Island was attended by president and mrs. Wilson. Tea our War department s army program was partly revealed to the Senate committee on military affairs by general March chief of staff when he appeared before it to urge All possible haste in passing the Bill extending the draft age limits to eighteen and forty five years. Concisely stated the pro Gram is As follows ninety eight divisions 3,020,000 men to make up troops obtained under existing Law. Eighty divisions-3,200,000 men to be sent to France. Eighteen divisions-720,000 men to be held in Reserve in the United states Wilile additional recruits Are being trained. A army when completed of 5,000,-000 men minimum strength. Troop movement to France at the rate of 250,000 men n month until cold weather sets in meaning Over 1,000.000 More men abroad before the first of the year. An expeditionary Force of almost 2. 500,000 men in France by january 1. General March told the committee the United states can end the War by getting 4,000.000 trained troops fully equipped into France and he intimated that marshal Foch is Only awaiting the arrival of the americans in full strength to hurl the entire United military strength of the allies at the huns on the Western front. This tremendous blow he intimated was due to fall next Spring. The chief of staff said he did not believe it would be necessary to Send the eighteen year old class to the firing line but that the government wants these Young men trained and in readiness. He said it would be satisfactory if the Bill were passed immediately after Congress resumes the transaction of business on August 26. Some of the senators believed quicker action would be advisable. Chairman a Flat of the House i Inry affairs committee clinging to Tho anti and Ante War ideas that always have animated his actions shows no desire to have the Bill considered by his committee in time for Early passage. It was stated that the sensible members of the committee bonded by representative Kahn probably would have to take charge of the measure. Why the Small a lidded Dent is not ousted from his chairmanship of this most important committee remains Ono of the mysteries. Other men connected with the administration and the government who were pacifists and Small army and Navy advocates have seen the error of their ways Long since and Are doing everything in their Power to help win the War but no such Light illuminates the dense mind of Dent. Tea the House ways and Means committee is still Busy with the next Revenue measure. Secretary of the Treasury Meadoo bus informed chairman Ketch in that he is strongly in inv by of a Flat War profits tax of so per cent which he believes would Render unnecessary any increase in the existing excess profits tax rate and would also be found the Only Way to reach real War profiteering. The committee has agreed upon a Section that would Call on the president to pay a tax of $24,-000 As ills part of the country s financial War Burden and under which the supreme court justices nil Federal judges and nil state officers would be taxed. There is a great sentiment All Over the country said or. Kitchen that no one should be exempted from in which or. Kit Chen Spenks the exact truth. Tea the Federal Trade commission has recommended that the government take control of All the principal stockyards cold storage plants and warehouses and of refrigerator and cattle cars in order to destroy the monopoly which it declares is exorcised by Swift & co., Armour & co. Morris & co. Wilson & co., inc., and the Cudahy packing company. The commission accuses these concerns of illegally and oppressively controlling and manipulating the meat and other food supplies of the nation and of profiteering. Great will government sending Complete display to Chicago. People of this Region Are to be Shotwi All the material of War-1 fare and countless trophies taken from the booties. United states government has chosen Chicago As the site of the biggest and most Complete War exposition in this country since the War begun and for two weeks be ginning september 2, the people of this City and of the surrounding country will have the Opportunity of seeing samples of All the War material used by the Allied troops and also Many trophies taken by them from the bodies. The exhibits till seventeen railway cars. It is not a private Money making affair but an oficial exposition Given by the government through the committee on Public information and the Illinois state Council of defense and in which the governments of France great Britain Canada Italy and Belgium participate. Nothing is for Sale. Nothing is to be promoted. The admission fee will to very Small and if it pays the Bare expenses of bringing the exhibits Here and placing them before the Public that is All that is wanted. If there should be a surplus it goes by Law into the United states Treasury and reduces by that much the burdens of the taxpayer. Will reproduce Battlefield. It will be a Battlefield reproduced faithfully to the smallest detail within the limitations of the grounds. Front line trenches will be there Laid out by the very officer who Laid them out in that Flanders Battlefield where the Princess pats fought until there Are now but three men left alive of the original regiment. It will show no sinn s land All but the ghastly death scenes and one can Well imagine them that strip of ground ruled Over by jealous death where neither Boche nor human being dares set foot except by stealth and in the darkest hour of night. No Man s land with its great cellars digged by shells with its slowed and torn and pulverized dirt and gravel with its wilderness of barbed wire entanglements with its wrecks of guns and wagons and air planes. First Aid stations will be shown with the blessed sign of the red Cross it the Entrance favorite Mark for German shells. Guns of All sizes and kinds with soldiers and sailors to Man them and show How they Are used air planes signal stations listening posts fire control stations everything that can be reproduced in so Small n Field will be shown. There will be the incendiary pastels of which every German Soldier it the beginning of the War carried sixty. With these they burned houses and churches. The City of Louvain was burned with them. Show american trophies. Of the greatest interest to americans will be the War a material used by our boys and the trophies captured by them from the enemy. Of yes there Are guns and plunder of All kinds taken from the proud germans by the Yankee boys and if it be possible to get them Here in time there will be a big display of Cannon captured by Chicago troops in the great Battle now raging Between the Marne and the alone. A Cable has been sent to Genera Pershing asking him if possible to ship some of the Booty Over in time for the great exposition at Chicago. The italian exhibit contains a Grent Many specimens of austrian guns and shells. There is in incendiary bomb dropped on Venice in an Effort to Burn that splendid City an austrian floating mine guns from austrian submarines torpedoes taken from austrian submarines destroyed by the italian Navy and the innumerable forms of rifles Trench tools shells periscopes bayonets and clothing Ucci by the italian army. Remembering their beloved Cathedral of reims the French have placed with their exhibit a shrine wrecked by the germans. But they also have spoils taken in the hottest Battles guns and gun carriages Trench mortars mine Wefers German 8-Lnch incendiary shells Nir planes of the Type which tried to destroy Paris and Zeppelin bombs. There is a Complete exhibit of the famous French Field gun the "75," guns from Cruiser Emden. Tho British exhibit includes guns from the Cruiser Emden which n British ship destroyed guns taken from the turks guns captured in Gill poll and All manner of wreckage from a score of battlefields. Of great interest Are the British medals awarded for conspicuous bravery or cat service to the Empire. Canada of course sets great store by her trophies from famous Almy Ridge passo Hendele Ypres and wherever the rugged fighters met the Hun. A measurer of motives. At inst you agree with that colleague with whom you have and so much bitter yes replied senator Sorf hum. He s right for once. It s entirely to his personal interest to be wanted advice. I have called sir said the Young Man to ask you a serious Well knowing her As Well is you do would you advise me to marry your daughter Russ reds to War on allies u. S. Consul reports hostile activity by bolshevik at Moscow. Resent invasion by troops Lenine tells gathering of soviets in Moscow state of conflict exists. Foreign Secretary Calls it state of Washington aug. 32.-Consul Poole at Moscow has informed the state department that Lenine the bolshevik Premier recently declared before n gathering of soviets in Moscow that a state of War existed Between Tiu russian government and the entente allies. In response to questions from the Niles consuls Tchitcherine commission ire of foreign affairs said that the Premier s statement need not be considered a declaration of War but that it rather was a declaration of a state of defense on the part of rus Ria similar to the situation that existed at one time with Germany. The Consul s report received by Cable gave the state department its first official information confirming reports that the bolshevik were formally characterizing As an act of War the operations of the allies forces on the Murman coast. Chit Choriki s explanation was made publicly the Consul said at the request of the allies consuls. Or. Poole also reported that in spite of denials of the authorities the bolshevik were throwing obstacles in the Way of the departure from Russia of British and Frencis military representatives. From archangel the state department received word that the bolshevik upon hearing of the lauding of Allied troops it Onega had asked for an explanation. Aviators of the allies dropped propaganda in the City of archangel whereupon the bolshevik evacuated Hie town before the Allied troops marched in. The British French and United states consuls were arrested on August 3 by a detachment of caucasian cavalry for their Protection but As previously reporter were released upon the appearance of the Allied soldiers. Gen. Kikuzo Otana one of Japan s most noted soldiers has been chosen to command the japanese Section and will be the ranking officer of the expedition in Siberia by forces of the United states and its allies. Auto building to Stop War industries Board tells manufacturers to work on munitions this year. Washington aug. 12.-manufacturers of passenger automobiles were advised by the War industries Board on Friday to convert their plants to 100 per cent War work not later than january 1. The National automobile chamber of Commerce received the information in response to manufacturers who volunteered to curtail 50 per cent. The letter in part follows the War industries Board cannot at this time make any Promise whatsoever regarding the Supply to your Industry of steel rubber or other materials for any period in Advance. We strongly believe that it is to the Best interests of manufacturers of passenger automobiles to undertake to get of 100 per cent War work As rapidly As possible mid not later than january 1, 1919. In no other Way can you be sure of the continuance of your Industry and the preservation of your to exempt married men Secretary Baker urges change in Law. So registrants need not classify selves. Washington aug. 12.-new draft regulations under which the government would do the selecting Are under consideration by the War department. This was disclosed in Friday by Secretary Baker after he had appeared before the Senate military committee to urge prompt enactment of the act extending the age limits. He made it Plain that he is not satisfied with the present system under which the registrant must claim deferred classification. Many with dependents hesitate for patriotic reasons to make such a claim lie said lie was inclined to the opinion that the marriage relation will itself constitute deferred classification. He wishes to Lay Down a set of questions for the registrant to answer and then have rules take care of the classification. $500,000,000 Bonds voted. Newark n. J., aug. 10.-to finance extensions of its operations incident to the War and to discharge obligations the Bethlehem steel corporation voted to mortgage the entire property is Security for a $500,000,000 Bond Issue. Two ships sunk by a boats. Washington aug. 10.-German submarines operating off the French const on August 3 Sank the Small american steamship Luke Portage and the British Steamer Berwind. Lake Portage of 1.09s Gross tons was built inst year

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