Page 3 of 9 Aug 1918 Issue of Postville Herald in Postville, Iowa

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Postville Herald (Newspaper) - August 9, 1918, Postville, Iowa Winter killing of the hedge Jane Osborne copy right 1918, the Mcclure newspaper Syndicate i for a years from now the old Resl ends of Rose no will still be alluding 6 doubt to the year the Hedges perhaps unit time Nerp will be a Little uncertainty la he minds of some As to just which 3ood Friday it was that the United states got into the War find just How Long that War lasted. They will have forgotten that old Peter Conkling Jose Vale s millionaire did t subscribe a cent to the Liberty loan and that judge Robert Pritchard subscribed ten thousand and that somebody s neighbor probably poisoned somebody s cat and that the doctor s widow phad set her Cap most openly for Sai deter Conklin. All these things will i Jive been forgotten forty years from now but not the Winter killing of the siege. That is the sort of landmark in the flight of time that we somehow inlays route Liber even when we forget affairs of larger or More personal interest. It was the coldest Winter Ion record some octogenarians will say and i remember How the hedge twelve feet High that had been growing Iten or a dozen years Between judge Pritchard s place and the old Harden place was Winter killed roots and that this particular. Luxurious growth of Privet had been entirely blighted As the effect of the unwonted i cold weather last Winter neither judge Pri Tolferd nor Hester Harden realized i till weeks after the usual time for its buds to be bursting under the warmth of april Sunshine. And it was after other Roseva lians whose less luxurious Hedges had also been blighted had come to the realization that the Only thing to do to save what life might remain in the roots of their Hedges was to amputate All the dead branches above that Hester on her Side of the thick network of dead twigs and branches and judge Robert Pritchard hidden on his Side realized one warm Spring evening that the old hedge would have to go. The hedge had been planted on the Mal Deu Side of the dividing line so it was obviously up to Hester to have it Cut Down although its branches had Long since spread Many feet Over into the Pritchard Domain. Hester hesitated several Days after she had purchased the last pair of hedge clips in the Rosevalt hardware store before giving her order to the Gardener tie Day to begin the amputation. It seemed like desecration to her she could not make it seem other than a Loyal and traitorous to the memory of poor old aunt Bethiah still aunt Bethiah would not have wanted to let the hedge remain As it was. Hester was sure of it. She planned an overnight trip to the Large nearby City for the Days when the cutting Down operation was to take place and after having cast a contrite look at the old painting of aunt Bethiah that still Hung Over the Marble mantel piece in the old front parlor made up her mind to give the order. There would have to be a first time in that a hedged Garden Hester As scrod herself. Even aunt Bethiah could not object to her thirty year old Niece going into her own Garden under the circumstances. So As soon As she had eaten her solitary dinner on the Day she returned from the City she left the table and descended into the old Garden. The Sun was still warm and Golden and the Wood thrushes somewhere in the Pritchard shrubbery were just beginning their Long evening song. Hester tried not to see the change till she was actually in the Garden. Then a strange sense of Freedom and emancipation came Over her. Already the plants and growing things in her Garden had profited the in crease of air and Sunshine that the passing of the hedge had allowed. Tho columbines and tulips wore out earlier than usual and it seemed to Hester As if their colors were deeper and Gayer than in the old Days when they were hedged in the twelve foot Privet. And it was As if a new world had been opened and discovered to her when she Glrst permitted her eyes to wander beyond the line where the Privet had once been placed Over there in the fairy land of Light Green leaves and foliage where the Wood thrushes Sang. She had not seen that realm for ten years not since the Day the High Board Fence was taken Down and in consequence of that she was hurried away aunt Bethiah to be gone until. ----------1.4. Linen luxurious Rose coloured columbines that judge Pritchard insisted had been vagrants from her Garden and had shown themselves a season or so before. I knew they were yours lie told her and that is Why i cherished them so. I had the Gardener them like orchids Hester was kneeling Over to touch the Silky blossoms with her Fin ers. I wonder How they dared go through the hedge was null she could think of saying and then her eyes and those of Robert Pritchard met and both knew that the Barrier that had gone Down with the hedge could never be Llcy had seated themselves on the rustic Beach under judge pitch Ned s lilacs on the excuse of hearing the thrushes song Hester volunteered the suggestion that it really seemed Only a Day since the last time she had Sal on the same Bench under the lilacs. And then she wondered whether she had said anything that was too disloyal to the memory of Bethiah mar Den Tho Stern old aunt who had brought her up and left her All her property. Robert Pritchard answered this taking Hester s hand in his exactly As he had that last time ten years before and that too seemed quite natural though Hester blushed quite As if she had been Twenty instead of thirty. You did t go away because you wanted to he asked. Hester Shook her head. Tell me just what happened and then i la Tell you something you perhaps never Hester had rehearsed the details of just what happened on that memorable occasion so often to herself that the recounting was not difficult. Well you see aunt Bethiah had ideas of her the Postville Hera up f Post Villfre Iowa. Helping the neat and milk Supply special information service United states department of acc re culture useless dog a National enemy improved tools save much time modern methods and implements mean More work accomplished at less Cost. Labor saved in Hay making what cow testing association cannot do a thousand dollars Worth of Mutton destroyed / dogs that did it in one night and the own about How girls should spend their time and so Long As i read poetry and novels and did embroidery in the Garden she was satisfied. But when 1 improved time talking to you instead she was distressed. So Long As that High Board Fence was Here she was satisfied. I was quite Safe in the Garden. Then the neighbourhood. Association decided to have All fences Down and though aunt Bethiah fought it the association had its Way. She planted the hedge and took me off for four years in France she said she had intended to take me anyway and perhaps she had. I would have liked going better if it had not seemed like punishment for talking to you those Days when the Fence was Down before we started. It was just no jut this time of the year was t it and then the time we came Back the hedge was High enough for a Protection and you had forgotten All about your neighbor and aunt Bethiah was sure she had done her duty. I think the poor old dear died happier because the hedge was twelve feet High and five feet thick. She used to smile so contentedly when people told her it was the finest hedge in the state. I dog eats Man s full allowance canines that serve purpose should not be tolerated Farmer. Must have meat regularly one Cir in single night has been known to destroy $1,000 Worth of sheep More Mutton and Wool wanted nation. What Are you doing about winning this Weir anyway of course you take a conscientious interest in it but Are you working at to just As diligently As though it were your own personal War and As though your own personal salvation depended upon it which it does Home folks have got to do a Little bit More than strangers. You bought some of our Liberty Bonds of course you did. But a blessed old Pagan away Over in the heart of Asia entirely out of touch with us and of bought would increase Many fold in a Little while. That is one big phase of the dog question this fact that the presence of too Many dogs prevents the general raising of animals whose flesh and Wool Are both seriously needed for Pur armies overseas. But itis a phase of it that does not necessarily come into consideration at All. Of course your dog is not a sheep killing dog. Nobody s dog Ever was a sheep killing dog until suddenly some Man s sheep were slaughtered and that dog was found to have blood on his chaps and Wool in his Teutli the United states department of agriculture is not an enemy to the dog it recognizes certain definite uses for that animal but it realizes that the country could get on mighty Well with much fewer dogs than it has and that both the actual and potential meat Supply of the country would to greatly increased thereby. It has recently sent out several appeals on that Point. If you have a dog that serves a genuinely useful purpose keep him. He is a Good citizen. But to help in the world s salvation get rid of the useless dog Scarcity of Man Power necessitates general use of certain types of labor saving machinery horse solves problem. Prepared the United states department of agriculture thousands of Young men have been called to the colors and on Many farms this results in a Scarcity of labor. The problem of the Hay grower is How to handle his crop with a smaller Crew than hitherto and one often mostly of Middle aged men and boys. With methods used heretofore this Type of labor certainly cannot Harvest the Hay in the usual time at least on Many farms in the East and South where it has been the custom to use a comparatively Large amount of hand labor in making Hay. Solution of problem. Although there is a Scarcity of Man labor there Are still plenty of horses on most farms and herein lies the so prepared the United states department of agriculture it cannot compel a Dairyman to dispose of his poor cows if he is determined to keep them. It cannot make him feed according to production nor practice Economy in the management of his Dairy Herd. It cannot require him to dispose of his scrub Bull and buy a better one. It has never yet demanded the planting of legumes and the building of silos. It never will compel but it always will encourage economical improvement of the Herd of the farm and of the business. A it inoculation plans for soy bean crop ing us no duty whatever really Don t know Why she should have $joo,000 Worth of these Bonds Cable objected so much to our you buy a War savings stamp now perhaps i was very much to blame in i Tien. Certainly. But a Bunch of Robert Pritchard explained. I was poor ,0peless human beings in exile a. Twenty five then and went about tilings differently than i would now. You see i made the neighbourhood association vote to have the fences taken Down. It was first attempt a Elvic improvement and no one but aunt Bethiah suspected motive. She called at Ollice and told me her opinion of me and i got As hot headed As she was and told her that i wanted to marry you and intended to do it. Who can never profit the Liberty that is to be won to wet the lepers at Molokai bought 83,000 Worth of our savings Stamps. Must do your part now you to Square yourself with yourself have got to do More than a Prince in Persia or tin outcast at Molokai. It does t mean a great Deal to give away a Little Money and to re spent the evening Here the lilacs lend Money to the government on the la spent a j Best Security in die world Means no with you then and i knew heart did t believe the Good lady when she told me that you had told her i annoy of you and had asked to be taken away so i can t hold it up against her i be wanted though to hear you say that it was t so and i really think aunt Bethiah liked you All along do you believe she is so very Cross because we Are sitting Here again under the Lilac Bush judge Pritchard would have liked to .,.y just then that he was entirely in different As to whether aunt Bethiah approved or not but so completely was he concerned with the realization that he had within his reach the love of the woman of his dreams that he had no thoughts for the other woman who had separated them Teu years before. Why we hear heart throbs the cause of the sound of Normal heart beats has not been definitely ascertained. There Are normally two the first which is called systolic is Dull and somewhat pro longed it is followed quickly the second called diastolic which is Shorter and sharper. A pause follows the second sound. It is supposed that the vibration and closure of Tho valves Between the Auricle and ventricles is of the causes of the first sound the newly planted Privet should have taken its place. Could it be that All these years that fairyland of leaves and blossoms had been there just beyond the Privet Hester was wondering. And then came the voice of judge Pritchard who must have been in his Garden behind one of ills Lilac Bushes ill the time that she was inspecting her own transformed Domain neither Hester nor ill Cert said any thing very profound or Clever or Worth army remember spoke for .,.,._____. Each had known from the time they from knew that the hedge had to go that can it. Their speaking would be Tho inevitable is suitable for use in overcoats be result. Perhaps that is Why Hester had cause a warmer More closely Wover. Felt so especially guilty when she stood Boron old aunt bet blah s picture n few minutes before. The spell Cist aunt Beth Tib. Was entirely broken when Hester permitted herself to be urged across,.that old Barrier on he excuse of looking at some especially sacrifice at All. A it just Means Thrift and Good sense. To do your part Lii your own War you have got to give up some of the trifling Little things some of your personal fads and fancies that to you probably n Good Deal take for instance that dog Silver collared Silver leashed pampered petted and permit aged with a pet name. Or maybe he in t collared of leashed or named. Maybe he is just a Plain dog that runs where he pleases even though he May not please where he runs. But one Way or the other he is your dog. I now think it Over. A dog ends As much As a Man More if he gets a Chance. Every dog absorbs a ration that would feed a Soldier. Either you feed it to him. Or he goes out somewhere and finds it for himself. Also it dog demands and takes More of a meat diet than a Man. A Man May get along very comfortably and cheerfully on cabbage and Corn cake parsnips and prunes tomatoes and Tabasco but a dog has got to have his meat. It May be beef and Bacon from your table or it May be live sheep from your neighbor s in store. If you feed him his meat he probably consumes about what a Man would require. It he goes and takes it himself he destroys pretty nearly enough to feed a the second sound is known to be ears Eittie tile vibration produced the closure of the Semi lunar valves. War demand for shoddy the process of reclaiming Wool from nil sorts of rags Lias become a task of increasing magnitude since the placing of the government s big orders for sry profound or Clever or Worth army clothing special machinery owing that opening when they being employed to reduce the rags to or the Ili st time in ten years shreds Wash them separate the Wool and known from the time they from the Cotton Etc. Cloth experts knew that the hedge had to go that claim tills reworked Wool or shoddy in unit nolo for use in overcoats 1 one ,. The contraction of the ventricles of. The striking of the heart against the Reg ment of men. One dog in a single Walls of the Chest May be the cause night has been known to destroy known $1,000 Worth of sheep. More sheep Tje eded More sheep is one of the greatest needs toward Ine ensling the nation s meat Supply and there is Only one sound reason Why Tho Farmers of the United states do not raise More sheep. That one reason is the dog. It May not always be the actual physical dog but it is the ghost of the dog the fear of the thing that bides always in the heart of the Farmer. He knows that one dog absolutely worthless incapable of producing a single Dollar of wealth for the country can and very Likely will in the dark hours of one night destroy the accumulations of years and the profits of untiring a that fear could be removed from the Farmer s heart if he could know that sheep could browse safely in his grass that goes to waste the number of sheep in the United states How dog lovers can Aid. The dog rightfully holds n Strong place in the minds and affections of owner of a Good dog finds in him a most faithful Friend. But it sometimes happens that the dog most highly esteemed is also one that kills and worries the most sheep and is the most cunning in obscuring the evidences of his guilt. A Well bred dog s habit of lying innocently asleep in the front Yard during daytime is no proof that the same dog does not kill sheep at night. Because of the economic loss occasioned sheep killing dogs and because such dogs bring the whole of their kind into Bird repute the True admirers and friends of this animal should help to further any Steps Likely to result in the limitation of the activity of these discrediting members of a Noble race. One of the most practicable methods of accomplishing this result seems to be to place upon dogs such a tax As will reduce the number of superfluous ones and result in fewer being kept persons who cannot or will not give them the attention necessary to prevent the formation of habits and associations that Lead to sheep kill plug. Milk As a food. Economy in the diet does not always depend upon limiting the use of certain foods but it is sometimes a question of actually increasing Tho use of foods which furnish nutritive mate real at relatively Low Cost. Milk belongs to the latter class and the housewife would do Well to study its food value and decide whether her family is using As much As it should. The average person a this country uses Only a Little More than half a pint of milk daily and this Quantity can very profitably be in creased when Safe milk is available. Many people think of milk Only As a beverage but if they understood that it is in reality a nourishing food they would increase their daily allowauce., we eat foods for two main reasons Why it is sometimes advisable and How it increases yield. First to renew body wastes and pro Mote growth forming new tissues and fluids and second to Supply Energy for carrying on body functions. Milk contains the body building mute rials protein and Mineral substances such As Lime and phosphorus and also supplies Energy. Tin following table compiled specialists of the department of agriculture shows the quantities of various foods needed to Supply is much protein or Energy is one quart of milk protein. Energy. 1 quart of lie la 1 quart of milk is equal to equal to 7 ounces of sirloin 11.3 ounces of sir steal. Loin Steak. 6 ounces of round 14.0 ounces of Steak. Round Steak. A eggs. 9 eggs. 8,6 ounce of fowl. H.5 ounces of fowl this method saves much hard work in Hay making. Lution of the problem. In farms where considerable Hay is grown methods must be adopted which the greater part of the heavy labor is done horses. This will necessitate the general use of certain types of labor saving machinery some of them not so a common in the East which have been thoroughly tested and proved satisfactory in the Western part of the United states. The Small Hay grower however need not make a very heavy investment in new haying apparatus for re arranging the work of his Crew and using a Little More horse labor for the hard work he can add considerably to the efficiency of his Crew. The time of Day when the Mower is started has a direct bearing on the amount of Hay made per Day and the number of men required. This is especially True on farms where it is the j custom to haul or stack Hay in the afternoon Only. If mowing is done in the morning and raking in the afternoon More men and horses than usual will be required and if mowing and raking Are both done in the afternoon still More men and horses will be needed. Use larger mowers. The 5-foot Cut is the most common size used in the East. With the present Scarcity of labor it will be Economy to use larger mowers 0, 7, and even a foot sizes can be used on a great Many farms. Some idea of the time saved using these larger sizes May be had when the difference in the amount of work done each is known. Under average conditions n 5-foot Mower will Cut ten acres in ten hours n 6-foot Mower will Cut 12 acres a 7-foot 14 acres and an a foot about 10 acres in ten hours. It should be borne in mind that More Power is required for the wider cuts. Many Alfalfa growers Are using the 8-foot Cut with Good Success and make a practice of mowing Early in the morning before the Dew is off or even during n Light rain. It does not pay to wait until the Dew is off before starting the Mower if the Tedder is used to kick the water out of the Hay. The size of Mower used and the time of Day it is started Are the most important factors in Crew arrangement. The use of the Tedder and Rake Are next in importance and these three implements should be kept dearly la mind when attempting to solve Tho problem of How to make a Small Crew efficient. One Way is to Transfer soil to new Field from Field where Beans have been successfully grown other methods. Prepared the United states department of agriculture in most of the Cotton Belt nodule Fornix no bacteria for soy Beans which make the free nitrogen of the air available Are already in the soil but usually in limited quantities and for the Sake of safety inoculation frequently is advisable. This inoculation can be made in several ways. One is transferring soil to the new Field from a Field where soy Beans have been successfully grown and nodules have formed on the roots of the plants. Care should be taken to keep the inoculating Soi i out of the sunlight from the time it is taken out of the old Field until it is worked into the new. A Cloudy Day or a time Early in the morning or late in the evening should be chosen for making the Transfer. Two Hundred pounds or More of soil should be used per acre and should be harrowed into the soil immediately after scattering. Another method is to inoculate the seed with artificial cultures. In some states these cultures can be obtained from state agencies at a nominal Cost. Directions for using the cultures accompany each package. Still another Way is to moisten the seed with n thin solution

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