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Port Arthur News Newspaper Archives Dec 12 1999, Page 3

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Port Arthur News (Newspaper) - December 12, 1999, Port Arthur, Texas Sunday december 12, 1999 nation port Arthur news 3a Japan a role in us nuclear War strategy a a is i _ Washington apr despite j its aversion to nuclear weapons Japan allowed More american nuclear weapons on its territory Dural my the 1950s and �?T60s than offi in gals of either country have pub n holy acknowledged according to declassified . Government documents. Nuclear weapons for . Planes submarines and surface ships were located on two japanese islands a i to Jinni and chichi Jinni a before the United Quot a states returned the islands to full japanese control in 1908. According to the documents which cite the types of weapons at various locations but not their numbers. After the United states ended h its occupation of Japan in 1951 and the world War la enemies signed a Security treaty it was Japan s official policy not to permit nuclear weapons on its territory. Washington took the View that this prohibition did not extend to islands which remained under . Jurisdiction after. 1951. According to a Clinton administration official who spoke on condition i Quot it i t of anonymity. In 1997. Secret . Government documents were declassified and the Public Learned that the Island of Okinawa had been Home to american nuclear weapons before it was returned to japanese control in 1972. But the role of i to Jima and chichi Jinni was first disclosed in a report to be published monday in the bulletin of the atomic scientists by nuclear historians Robert s. Norris. William Alkin and William Burr. Quot fabled As a non nuclear nation Japan is beginning to look very different Given what we now the authors wrote. Quot Japan May have had its principles hut the Pentagon had its nuclear War plans and it pushed the envelope As far As it Pentagon spokesman . Crowley said Friday that the government documents on which the bulletin based its article Are authentic. But lie said the . Government is sticking to its policy of neither confirming nor denying the presence of nuclear weapons at and location either now or in the past. Quot it is in our interest to continue to maintain a necessary level of ambiguity about these Crowley said. In the Early 1950s. . Officials believed they needed to have nuclear weapons or their non nuclear components dispersed in Europe and in the Pacific in Case War broke out with the soviet Union. They were deployed by the thousands in such places As South Korea. Guam the Philippines and Taiwan. As defense strategies evolved in the cold War. The Pentagon consolidated its Arsenal. Today. The Only . Nuclear weapons deployed outside the United states Are bombs for aircraft stationed in several european nato countries. The new disclosures about . Nuclear weapons in Japan Are not Likely to affect .-Japan relations today but they fill a Gap in the historical record of Japan s role in supporting . Nuclear War plans. There is no evidence that the . Government Ever obtained permission from Japan to store Complete nuclear weapons on the main islands. Yet a declassified appendix to a secret . Far East command report dated nov. I. 195b. Indicates that Al separate locations in Japan a including Sites on the main islands a had nuclear weapons or components or were earmarked to receive weapons in the event of impending War. These included Misawa. . Katsugi. Iwakuni Johnson and Komaki air bases on the Mainland although it is not Clear from the available records whether Complete nuclear weapons Ever were placed at those Sites. The roles of chichi Jima and iwo Jima As nuclear storage Sites Are clearer. A top secret june 1957 memorandum for Arthur Radford then chairman of the joint chiefs of staff discussed the dispersal of nuclear weapons in the Bonin and Volcano islands the lion ins Are a group of japanese islands about 500 Miles Southeast of the Mainland of which Only chichi Lima is inhabited. In the three is land Volcano group. 120 Miles from chichi Jima. Only iwo Jima played a military role a on to february 1950 the chief of naval operations stated that one weapon with Core was placed in storage on chichi the Radford memo said. La he records do not state How Many bombs were placed on chichi Jima. A Pentagon history of the deployment of nuclear weapons declassified earlier this year. Showed that the first bombs on chichi Jima were withdrawn a tier Only three months coinciding with the introduction of the Navy s regulus nuclear missiles which were fired from submarines. These missiles were kept on chichi Lima until 1964. The last nuclear weapons on the Island. Who warheads for Navy surface to air Palos missiles were withdrawn in december 1965 because of chichi Jimas nuclear role the government resisted japans push to repopulate tin Island which had Boon evacuated during world War la Mansfield Sprague an assistant Secre tary of defense in the Eisenhower administration told the Quot can amp title Quot news program that officials Felt that allowing the japanese to return was too big of a Security risk Quot Well if they la Boon Able to come Back to the islands some of them might have been spies. Sprague said in a Quot can time interview to he broadcast sunday also in february 195 1. Quot nonnuclear bombs Quot components without the nuclear Core were placed on iwo Lima and kept there until june i9 it it. According to the Pentagon s Quot history of the custody and deployment of nuclear compete nuclear bombs were on iwo Jima from september 195 1 to december 1959 declassified records of the far East command show that de tarment one of the air Force s 7th tactical depot Sipi Adron had a nuclear storage silo Al Central air base on iwo Jima. New York fears potential transit strike could shut Down City new York a new York City s subways and buses carry 3.5 million riders every Day. It s a terrifying number if you consider what could happen if the system suddenly stopped. And a transit workers strike All but set for wednesday is threatening to do just that shutting Down much of the City As the Holiday shopping season Heads into High gear. A last time this happened it was a total disaster. Now we have tar More people and far More tourists than then. It s really hard to said City councilman Noach dear head of the Council s transportation committee. The City a subways and buses were halted by strikes in 1966 and Texas bed co. Quot name Brand bedding for less _ 724-7753 it 1714 my a a Nederland Fujiu 1980 left new York in turmoil. A i was Here in april of "80 when the last strike happened and it was a real said Gene Russianoff. A staff attorney for the strap hangers Campaign a transit riders advocacy group. Quot and it s one thing to walk across the Brooklyn Bridge in april. It s another thing to do it in the Middle of mayor Rudolph Giuliani said saturday he would hold the transport workers Union responsible for a strike he called and expressed outrage Over an apparent attempt at subway sabotage. On Friday an illegally turned track switch would have diverted an 8th Avenue line subway train from a local to an express track. But a fail Safe device shut Down the Power averting a possible collision during evening Rush hour. Giuliani said. Quot the person that did that is a he said. Quot i will hold tin Union accountable for it there was no immediate response from the Union on the incident and Union officials did not return phone Calls seeking comment late Friday or saturday. The mayor also said the City would go to court on monday seeking an injunction against a strike. The state metropolitan transportation authority a contract with the 33.000-member Union expires at 12 01 . Wednesday. The Union which is demanding an increase in workers pay. Represents Drivers signal operators station agents and janitors. The m a has offered a 9.25 wage percent increase Over tour years. The Union has asked for a 27 percent pay increase Over Throe years. Union spokesman Jim Gannon said thursday that the Union wants to negotiate non Stop to Avert a strike. A but we do have a problem when he says the Meta has made a reasonable offer because it is in fact Pielow t he rate of in lat he said in Case of a transit strike the City s plan reportedly would ban cars with fewer than Throe occupants in Manhattan s biggest business districts and place some 2. He police officers and us traffic agents on the streets. Employers would be urged to Start workers on staggered shifts. A fall flus does is attempt to Deal with the biggest Giuliani said most affected would be the us uhf students who use Public transportation to get to school the Board of education made plans to alter the school schedule wednesday and delay school open mrs on subsequent Days. If necessary. Private businesses were finding their of it ways to Cope. A we be inn leasing some vans to bring in those communications workers with critical a Pat spokesman Gary Moi go Stern said a a we re setting up collection Points throughout the five Tomit Gas and it la lie the employees responsibility to get to those Points Quot i in said no interrupt ton Iii phone service was expected anti. If internal tonal operators can t get to the office Iii new York Calls will be routed to it her centers. Not All businesses would in Hurt by a strike. Hotels and bicycle shops could profit from commuters forced to find lodgings Iii Manhattan or use it her Means of i Rasport John Knolly. Ext vol Ive director of tons Mir tation alternatives Esli mated Alloo ushe Tropic would Bike to work. Ile said swelling of Juniest nails could take up attend two car lanes on some avenues. Much As they did during tin last strike. Tulip Box gift shop plus s Ruff old animals and f ramps 20% off so feb i in 111 in. I la a Hlf just add Sun watch the colors appear on these i1? new to shirts Caird Mal -729-0444 a it i in 11 a i in i Murn in a Csc a Floca a a a Home Auto life flood Call for quotes Hinton insurance Soos Monroe Aco q004 Groves i roves w iek3exz9e3e sunday a monday a tuesday off december 12,13,14storewide red tag Sale rit7 a a b i i t All previously marked Down red ticketed clearance hems in every ent example of your savings original Price = 49.99 clearance Price = 34.99 take an extra 25% off your Price = 26.24 Central mall origin Inch rafted offering pries which May not Haw resulted m actual Tate extra 25% off effective a Cartwr 12.13.14, Kim Only and cannot a applied to prior pot Cha Max saving Oft orig Nat inca intermediate markdown May Hay boart taken on original Price reductions on orig Foa priced Marchands affective until Stock i depleted merchandise selection May vary slightly from one a Penney store to another

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