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Pittsburgh Presbyterian Banner (Newspaper) - July 12, 1862, Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaM Kinnib i. S Zihui a Vii it my Kinney amp co. Editors and proprietors. Terms in and Vanoe. A i Nils subscriptions a i a 5? 0l�ob8 if Quot delivered in either of the cities2.00 for in to dollars we will a end by mail seventy number d tor one Ottar thirty the acc nut Njus. Cantora Asting Tus Twenty Buber Viburs and upwards will thereby entitled to it Papo without newts should be prompt a Little before Tho ? a car expires bed payments by Safe hands or by mail. Direct All Lette Sato David ill Kinjiu eve 4 �,0.,. Pitts Burgh pay vol. X-n0. 43. Pittsjr it i sat rom july 12, 1802. Whole no. 511. More about Italy. We have frequent letters from our Friend 1 Europe but All intended for the private the last one however contains some Murks which May. Be of general interest. E says. It in two weeks visit at Florence was. Evy pleasant. I formed quite a number if very agreeable acquaintances. If the Ijmte of f. Were not so unfavourable in Vinter i would pronounce it a vastly Referable place it to Home for invalids is jeep ally for persons who Are alone. In the Atter Eity a single person can scarcely get a lodging place Wiere he will have society inless he stays at a hotel. There Are no warding houses whatever. In Florence however there Are Many excellent Board no houses where single gentlemen can stay and in a measure enjoy the advantages of lome society. Florence presents far greater Avau tees than Rome in respect to Reading Louis and libraries. Its main institution of his kind excels incomparably both of those f Rome combined. And to the protestant visitor especially the religions privileges of Florence must recommend it vastly Bove Rome As a place of sojourn. I was ugh pleased with the pictures and Sculp ire galleries of Florence. There Are three paintings in the Vatican museum which confessedly stand preeminent above All others in the world but there is no one collection in Rome that can compare with either of those of Florence. I was disappointed in the Appe Aranof of the City itself some torts of it Are quite pretty but it is by no tue ans As Beautiful As i expected to find it. The environs however Are Surpas singly a charming. I took two horseback rides in different directions in that country and was slighted. The scenery excels in Beauty and variety that of any City neighbourhood a know of. I was surprised to find Flor nce quite an expensive place. It was once noted for its cheapness of rent provisions clothing amp a. It is now i believe dearer Ven than Rome. Some of the citizens scribe this to the change of government and i saw clearly that its increase of taxes Der the new regime was a cause of considerable dissatisfaction. And i May Here ate that i am confident there is not that Ordial and general acquiescence in the us Remsoy of the piedmontese Section that lost enthusiastic friends of italian unification imagined. Besides original sectional animosity which still exists though agent there is Little doubt that Victor Emmanuel is far from being personally popular. He is said to be. Reserved in his manners and Many charge him with haughtiness and culpable want of sympathy with the masses Over whom he is at present called to act in heart Victor Emmanuel has Many excellent qualities but i cannot myself feel much interest in him except As he is connected under Providence with the welfare of Italy. A a i attended twice a weekly prayer meeting at Florence held at the residence of the widow of the late Rev. Or. By Bethune of new York. These assembling of christians from different countries Are quite interesting. The first meeting i had the pleasure it seeing one of the a dial the husband whose persecution by Rome excited so much feeling p few years ago throughout the protestant world. He was called on to Lead in prayer which he did with great apparent Fervour. Or. Mcdougal regards him As a truly pious Man though he says he has unfortunately taken up with the Peculiar notions of the Plymouth Brethren and East in his lot with them a a Rev. Or. Riel was absent in England during my visit to Florence. I get acquainted with his wife and found her very pleasant. She showed me through the building of the Waldensian Seminary with which i was Well pleased. I Long to see the Waldensian Church succeed in the part she has undertaken with reference to the evangelization of Italy. It is sad to know How overt that there is considerable difficulty in the Way of their Success. To hts italians do not regard them As really identified with themselves in a National Point of View this is an unfounded objection and arises chiefly from the fact that they speak French which latter circumstance was necessitated by the persecutions of the Church of Romo. In the second place the Waldensian Are viewed by the italians As protestants a name so stigmatized by the priests Sinco the reformation that even italians. Sincere in the search of the truth can offt entirely divest themselves of their prejudice against to a is 4enominution. It is undeniable from history however that the Waldensian existed Long before protestantism was known As a name. Again the Waldensian form of Church government so like our own systematic and orderly is not acceptable to converted italians. They have been so bound by the papal rites that they Are impatient to excess of Church restraint. Another ground of objection and perhaps really though not so manifestly the main one is the doctrinal views which the Waldensian hold respecting gods lations to his creatures As their Sovereign. Their calvinism will i fear constitute the great Barrier to their Exten Iye usefulness and it May perhaps be As Well for the italians in their transition state not to be troubled much with the Strong meats of the word. We May rejoice if they will but partake at present of the milk that they become True babes in Christ. The italian free Church which resembles in sonic respect the methodist May be instrumental of greater Good in the conversion the neapolitan Lombard and other priests numbering no doubt several thousands goes no farther than a partial Reform. Very few of these priests a would tolerate for a moment the thoughts of an utter subversion of the papacy. They wish the Church to be purer but they would turn away with Abhorrence from protestantism As a substitute for their venerated papacy. My chief reason,.however, for doubting the speedy accomplishment of a thorough work is the lamentable condition of the mass of the italian people in respect to instruction and morals ii Lombardy and Piedmont the people Are to a respectable degree enlightened and Motal and the cause is very evident. Butin Tuscany i learn from reliable statistics there Are Only from ten to Twenty persons in a thousand who can read. Inthe districts thirty Miles around Rome not one in a Hundred has any knowledge of letters. And in the neapolitan province child same thing i think can be said by other thousands is instructed. As to morals All travellers a unite in testifying unfavourably. And alas it merely it the lower class who fail in this respect the people of rank and pretension with All their politeness and plausibility of manner Are to a great extent corrupt in principle,.and unreliable in their professions. The trades people Are notoriously Tricky and dishonest. I doubt if one in a Hundred would lose a Good Chance of cheating you and most of them will Seldom fail to find a Chance in fuss you Are wary. I am sorry to say that they will As a Rale never hesitate to Advance their own interests at the expense of moral principle. It is even necessary i am in formed by protestant ministers to be on. The watch in admitting the poor people especially into the protestant Church. It As a preacher he was not Only accepts-1 transcend entry great they might have been ble but decidedly popular. Our co Grega if untrammelled by the manuscript. Tons throughout our Bounds were always in one Point in the above when they knew he was expected to iodide though As to the other we disagree. Assist on communion occasions. Bis min j it it Clear we think,.that me Oriter speaking is not conducive to True a eloquence but we must dissent from the,po4 Fon that Feo it tempore addresses Are those beet fitted to the modern Philpit. Such addresses May be the1 Best in the1 methodist communion where under the itinerant system the preacher is obliged to act As cat Hist As Well As. Expositor. And such addresses also Are very valuable in cultivated congregations where talk rather than a disquisition is necessary a to secure the hearers attention. But we Are confident that in the. Great majority of episcopal congregations. Written sermons at i Page. Once a week Are says. Lord Bacon makes an Ecca Ciungan and the unwritten Sermon is almost a ways a a a Xac. A disciplined mind soon Reid Siat its want of method at its looseness restyle at its., . And the unwritten Bermon is by a a far the least original for the. Speakers mind runs when it it a troubled to its old and to Cir Oteff Orts drags familiar Iti Quot the Way of thoughts or Iii stations i irs them before the audience and a then them away age in to be brought out again when he is next at a loss. A a a nor at All this disciplined and a thoughtful minds revolt a and it should a be recollected that it is disciplined and thoughtful minds that give tone to the opinion . Others if Iheng pronoun be against tre ministers capacity to instruct his intellectual influence Over other is very much gone. A a a a a. A a 1 the fact is that opinion in the Episco a interial Brethren loved him. In labors he. Was most abundant. Though not rugged in appearance yet he possessed greats endurance and tagged hut Little in. Labor however great. This was particularly observed during the Winter of revivals in our churches. For about four months he preached nearly every Day or what would average one Sermon a Day for that time besides almost incessant efforts in other things connected with the extensive Vals of that time. _ _ the writer will never forget the willing and abundant services he rendered on two revival occasions in each of his churches and Many of the subjects of these revivals doubtless hold his memory very dear. The pastors and i and churches in our presbytery know Liis own churches now mourning his loss can and will willingly Bear the most decided testimony to the great faithfulness with which he performed his various duties and the paternal love he always manifested among them. He was indeed a successful minister As the Prosperity of his churches evidently shows. From his known conscientiousness we have no doubt but he was faithful in duty to the regiment of which he was chaplain. He entered upon this Newfield of usefulness with great earnestness. He loved the soldiers the government and the glorious Flag of his beloved country. His prayers for the Success of. Our arms the crushing of the rebellion the restoration of peace on a solid basis were most fervent. In a letter is known that material Aid is rendered by he wrote to his family on the 12th of May pal Church is returning Tok Juster View of m he stated a a l found myself a Good Deal l the importance of written sermons. The protestants to. The needy of their communion and some have dishonestly professed conversion with a vie to this Benefit. A that the ignorance and. Immorality of the italians Are the legitimate results of the papal system cannot be doubted by protestants. But be what fit May they Are fearfully prevalent Ancon. This account mainly i look upon the thorough Leavening of the masses with the pure principle of the gospel As Likely to be humanly speaking a. Very slow and gradual work though i Trust a constantly progressive and certain one in the end. I fatigued yesterday hut preached at the usual time. My text was a be Strong in the lord and in the Power of his the attendance was Good and the attention Given solemn and v this was his last Sermon a suitable subject for a Farewell discourse. But its Success none can Tell but he who watches Over and Waters the seed sown. His native land soldiers shared largely in his last thoughts. A very few minutes before he clasped his hands Over his breast and uttered a Short importance memorial movement of four or five years ago while it brought up much Quot that was valuable brought up also a great Deal of trash and among the latter was the notion that there was an undiscovered and uncivilized territory called the of masses a which the episcopal Church was to go outside of itself to preach to learning for this purpose some new mysterious language which these a a masses could Jooe understand the notion was something4 like that ridiculed their abject position even in the the new Bill which they wish perhaps in vain the legislature Quot to pass. And after All has the scottish establishment secured within its Pale the scottish nobility ? verily with a few exceptions no. The late general Assembly was closed by1 an address from the chair of the Moderator or Bisset in which the desertion of the nobility was acknowledged. But it was scarcely just to ascribe this to the disruption for the nobility her tors and landed proprietors fierce against the secession not Only in some cases for churches until Public opinion became too Strong for them but they also said to one another a a let us stand by Esteb wished institutions a let us rally round the Church a and thus they too were moderates with a vengeance or to use a Well known phrase applied fir if to the clergy of the last Century who forced ministers on parishes with companies of dragoons a a fierce in referring to the disruption or it Bisset said. A at. That time now Nineteen years ago a. Very numerous body of ministers on grounds which seemed to them the Church of their fathers and took with them1 a Large proportion of their much attached Flooks. Sinch that great defection of purred another has been in Progress numerically much smaller but which in conjunction with the other has produced Many organic changes in the condition of Scotland. The descendants of the lords of the congregation attached to the protestant Faith and to the principle of an established Church had with Tew exceptions Felt it hitherto a duty to worship along with their own people but when so great a division among these took place a. Large proportion of our aristocracy in Many cases not without a great in Ward struggle Felt at Liberty to consult their own predilections and join tie episcopal Church educated As Many of them Are in the Southern end of the Island they become at an age when the heart is tender and most susceptible of Strong religious impressions. Attached to the common prayer and More imposing liturgical worship a of England 7 yet. But. For the great Kcf ism that had , there is much reason to believe they would not have withdrawn from the services of the National Church their pres ence at which was the proximate cause of so Many a. He next decanted at some length on the Strong and growing desire among congregations of the establishment in towns for changes in the form of worship now for myself. I do not wonder that there is a de parishes the a Church of Scotland will become a miserable minority. Both in Edinburgh Paisley Glasgow and Dundee the town councils who have the presentation to the City churches and. Are bound to pay the ministers their stipends find that the seat letting is totally inefficient to defray the necessary expenses and thus the town revenues and taxation Are most seriously affected. The councils of both Edinburgh and Paisley Are said to a a be in solvent through their churches.�?�. The Irish Assembly a deputation at the free Church Assembly delivered addresses of a most interesting character. Or. To Naughton of Belfast formerly of the High Church Paisley appeared at the head of the deputation. The following passage is from his very Able speech on that transition condition through which Ireland is passing and which doctor Machale is keen enough to discern Ireland has of late years been undergoing greater economic of hangs than any other portion of the kingdom. When i Tell you that within the i Short period of Nineteen y ears a since the Sidney Smith ridiculed Hen he declared a sire for some change and that there is some that there were three see men women reasonableness in what is proposed. Let pig Douai . Jiuu Vav uus a a. A it. A. A. C j l i a v a 1 a 1, a to. It v a m 1 a 1 a a 1 ,4.<. 1 -. ,. A think nothing is gained by i indulge in gun but a most fervent prayer in which he an l clergymen or like the it. Which gome of. Lus honestly confess that worship in song reasonable expectations and encouraging mentioned particularly the soldiers and our new England Conte orries hold and prayer has been too much neglected in them in others. If i differ1 erroneously , sanguine friends i shall Only is glad to discover my mistake for i wish the very Best for Italy.�?�. A jew. Rvs for the . In l6moriftm<- the Only notice i have seen taken of the death of Rev. D. Mccay is the action of the presbytery of Clarion. There Are some things in the life of this deceased brother which a interesting but which could not be crowded into pres byte rial. Action without making the minute too Long. A space in your paper is craved for the following remarks brother Mccay took sick while with the 103d regiment of which he was chaplain. He endeavoured to reach his Home but became so exhausted from fatigue and suffering he was compelled to Stop Short in his journey at the residence of his brother in Law major m. Buoy in Lewistown Mifflin county this state where he died june 4, at 11 of clock. He was born in this town and though he had been absent from it with occasional exceptions from the time he entered Jefferson College where he graduated with credit during his theological course at Princeton and the time of his useful pastorate at Bethesda Concord and Callensburg churches a period m All of Between Twenty five and thirty years yet a kind overruling Providence brought him to the place of his nativity to die among his Kindred where he could receive that attention and nursing which a sick and dying Man required and which it was not very Likely he could have received in any of the hospitals of the army among strangers however attentive they might have been. Of the Early life of this dear deceased brother the writer knows nothing personally. But he can state s few remarks by the Rev. J. Woods d.d.�?T. Pastor of the presbyterian Church at Lewistown. To some of or to Cay a friends on the morning they left with his remain for Callensburg. Or. Woods spoke of brother Mccay having applied for admission to the Church while . As it was such n uncommon plead for the restoration of peace to our. Troubled land. He was asked if he would i not join in supplication for Bis own recovery. Replied he had and could ask that Blessing but was perfectly willing to leave All in the bands of his heavenly father. His sister was asked to sing and with his voice tremulous and almost choked in death he Sang nearly two lines of a when i can read my title Clear a &c., and soon Sank into deaths cold embrace and passed to the mansions of eternal rest to be with the god he loved so dearly and served so Long. At his own request his body was brought from the place of his birth of Well As of to repose among the dead of his charge till that Day in which the voice of the son of Man will Call him and his people to life again. The affectionate regard of his people to whom to will no longer preach was conspicuously shown by the Many who went out on the Way to meet his remains and the Many More assembled at his Home now so desolate to obtain a last look of All that was mortal of their dear and beloved pastor. The immediate cause of or. Vanvalzah his physician after his arrival at Lewistown said was ulceration of the bowels. He was in the 46th year of his age at the time of . C p. C. All Boston the world is. Birt this is not tribe. The world is not do. Video into the a a the of our congregations have very much the Safe Yants As these a masses a and the a a masses a in the country have As decided a sprinkling of educated me As ourselves. The great truth we have to adapt ourselves to is that the episcopal. Church to. Reach those outside of her should take those Means which she finds most effective in reaching those within. And these a Are we. Think. The mingled use both of written sermons so that the engines of exactness and freshness on the one Quot Side and of colloquial Freedom on. The other May both be not-bpston., a presbyterian families that there is a tendency to impatience in the devotional exercises and. In.,Scotland especially a Rush from the Church before the Benediction is Welt a cd Quot and that a a to Harar a a the Sermon is too frequently the business for. Which people Home. ? for my Nuiji. A i., my. . No me. Tes publication office Gazette buildings 84 fifth st rats Batooh i. Whitam Phu by pm a ism cob of 7tf Obral try advertisements. Terms in Advance. A Square 8 hut or Lees one insertion co cents often subsequent in Sortin �0 cents Oach line beyond eight. 6 ots a Square per Quarter $4.00 each vibe 4hdlti��a�, 38 exp tit a Keih motion made to Dyer tigers by the year. A business notices of Teh lines or less 1.00 Earb Dit ional Hoe 10 cents. David my Kinney amp co., jpp.0i-e.ikt0e8 Anil push end he of of reaching. The following,.-from the j2pis&op,al. Re coffer a contains some facts and thoughts which May be useful to presbyterian ministers the advocates of me Oriter up Ealing have frequently appealed to Demosthenes As of that of an orator who prepared in manuscript and then committed his orations. This position is effectually disposed of by the. Methodist As follows modern critics suppose Demosthenes wrote out his orations before their delivery because some of Bis opponents objected that his discourses a a smelt too much of the lamp a a but this was Only sneer and was inferred european . Papal Synod at Rome the japanese. Martyrs the allocution and the dinner papal missionaries land Madagascar a the difficulties of the scottish establishment deserted by the nobility transition slate of feeling to. Liturgy and music or. Bissett so a oof Vicdion a a them. and a a attitudes in worship failure of the establishment m Large towns bankruptcy of totem councils thereby a probable a future the Irish deny nation at nth tree Assembly a immigration , to Ireland increase of education missions and s schools in Connaught fruits of the. Ulster revival the presbyterian and historical almanac a manses and american pastors. A London june 12, 1862. A papal Synod has been continued a Day after Day at Rome. The says a a never was Rome so full of Black Coats a most ominous assemblage. In fact. The great clerical demonstration which is being made May be regarded As the last sad attention offered to departing greatness. Here we have by the thousand the guides and directors of the roman Catholic apostolic Church or. Wiseman from England the archbishop of Bourges and the Bishop of Orleans. Hungary a a represented by a dignitary who. Drives about with a Hussar behind him Quot wearing to priest coloured boots and a Sabre by his Side Spanish Bishops Are Here a m do erode greatly offended these shovel hatted and numerous dignitaries by introducing thing tor so Young am n to ask Church priv from their great ability their close Logie i 1 ana<3 Irvin Tyfo n a on by her Norl an ii soap in twinn i to Flat a a la poor it prot 1. J. A a a a .-j., Leges his father who was an elder and a very and icons Man advised him to with draw his application for a year which he did but on renewing it at the expiration of that time he was most Cor Bialiy received and continued to be one of its most conscientious and consistent members. From what is known of his business habits in after life and fearlessness in the discharge of his duty it is presumed he was Active and faithful during his collegiate course. While at Princeton Seminary testimony is borne by his associates to the i admirable tact he always displayed in and closer diction i these however were the habitual talents of the orator. In any extemporaneous speech he could not but exhibit them for they had become by self discipline a a second nature to him. But what do the orations themselves show ? you can _ without perceiving that Many of the grandest passages were Impromptu called out by something said on the occasion by an opponent. Some of the Best in style and Power were delivered in reply to speakers who had preceded him in the same. Assen and Deal with their arguments. The second Olynthia and the passionate oration transacting business in their societies. Hei on a a the i the state of the Cherson Esus a were a a while prelates from the East have also arrived to bolster up what May be said to he at its last gasp the temporal Power of the Humble Fisherman. The French cardinals did not a Riye Tilliy the Iff thie week a a i. I but priests and friars Are innumerable and hardly turn to one of them give evidence of strength of by the Shont a Long live the temporal Power of the Pope a a 1 the canonization of the japanese martyrs lasted six hours and was attend 44 cardinals and 243 Bishops besides the diplomatic corps. The Marquis de the emperors affix cd of the cd Goyon made a Senatorf and a known ene t thus spoken the great a of the moral Power a made a hypo i any scottish a a greater elasticity it 11 a ii nouns critl0al off eng by his masters desire of highest classes in Scotland. Oration for the grown is full of allusions a 3ih10 fran tithe expanses of s-1 had the Confidence of his fellow san dents was faithful and fearless in the discharge _ i of duty but at the same time kind and to what had just been said by h3�ohines. Courteous in his manner and careful of it is continually breaking out cd ext Empo giving . He was always in his Ransons bursts of allusion and inventive plaice at the prayer meeting and gave Kis and these grand passages could hot be sex of the masses than is possible for the Wal Confidence was had in his piety prudence Den Sian christians just As the methodists 1 1 j a a have done in our country an immense and glorious work which we presbyterians with our system must have left a accomplished. As the calvinistic element is however indispensable to the perfection of the Christian an avowedly calvinistic denomination is doubtless needc4 in Italy and we May be glad that we Haye it in the Waldensian. All Good men should wish Well for the Success of the different denominations now engaged in the world of. Evangelizing Italy. Lam sorry to say that i cannot partake with Many in their sanguine expectations about a speedy and thorough transformation of the spiritual condition of the italian people. In the first place the government is i am perfectly satisfied opposed utterly so to the overthrow of the papacy As a spiritual system and it merely tolerates protestantism As a necessity founded on Tho principle of Freedom a of opinion and action in religion which it acknowledges to be inseparable from a Liberal government. A a again the great stir we Hean of among Quot ceremony i the canonization itself was a a pretence to bring together this papal a Synod a and disgusts the world. The True place a Pray Mcsing Ana gave my Anu incs Grauu passages a a a a Lub at1imns comes out in the Popes allocution undivided attention to every Effort made tracked without spoiling the Best effect of Rea Gerti his deploring dangers by the students tor doing Good. Unshaken the had ample time i b a y a a a it a Quot a his facts and arguments for and sound judge Jet. To his judgment and tact for business every member of the presbytery of Clarion can testify. A never was any Man More missed than was our deceased brother at the meeting of presbytery on the 10th of june last. We then took action in reference to knew he would never meet with us again and truly we can say a solemn feeling came Over us All. The1 congregation with which we met will not soon forget the prayers and the addresses made at that meeting. From the a opening to the close of our sessions there was not a prayer offered Bat the most feeling allusions were had to a bereavement most deeply Felti and some of the members in attempting to express their feelings and Bear testimony to the great Worth of one whom they knew so Well being on the most intimate terms with him from his first coming to the place of his labors were scarcely Abler to give utterance to what they desired and their hearts dictated. It will be hard to fill his place in our midst and will be Lon Selfri to prepare _ about eight years elapsed after the charge of Ieso Hines before it was brought to an Issue in the glorious debate which produced the greatest speeches Pooth orators but Demosthenes had to follow Eso Hines and answer his arguments heard probably for the Firsti time on the spot. We doubt not that the ancient orators prepared anxiously their speeches As every a sex temporal eos a speaker of should but we Knaw that their orations were usually writ and yet encouraged in his obstinacy by the unanimous adherence of then assembled after the allocution they All went to Dine with the Pope. I am sure one Cardinal would play a prominent part at that after divertissement and venture to surmise that archbishop Hughes would do fall Quot Justice also to the banquet. Very proud Are the semen very boastful Are their words but dark Clouds of misgiving and a a ghosts a worse than that of b a quo must flit across their horizon. Their Day meanwhile the ten out after delivery for publication a i fact which somewhat their a Bod f leg t May or a adeptly prepared style we know , i a Ltd a a that some of the Best specimens of Cicro and Demosthenes must have been Impromptu produced by immediate provocations. And one further fact we Are sure of namely that they did not read. Their sex _ _ to Madagascar. But the Bible is there before them and Christ still is King. ,difiiauiti3sp., in established Church of Scotland involved itself by submitting to the state Yoke in 1843, ample affords therefore no. Defence of our ,.especially a Nas Niue As modern pulpit manuscript oratory a pre if lord Aberdeen eat Osage act is Post Erous an insurmountable impediment i amended.,by parliament it will Only a a shift to genuine eloquence except in eases of sex , not r,,. _ tra Ordinary Genius like that of Chalmers or Candlish in a powerful speech in part i believe that there Isa our presbyterian service ,.congrega-tionalist worship has not that the presbyterian forbidding in Scotland of hymn singing and of the use of the Organ is a1 grand , especially to Reisini England and that the rising presbyterian generation in both parts of this Island Are in danger of being drawn away from the Church of the in fathers by a rigidity which is far More Puritan in the strict sense of the word than it is scottish. It is worthy of remembrance that the scottish practice of sitting during singing was not adopted in Scotland in Knox so Days and that it was imported from England after and in Eon Nexion with the Westminster Assembly. Nay John Knox a forms of prayer were not discs pm that time. And now let us hear or Bissett a statement a we cannot conceal from ourselves that religious opinion or if Yon will taste sen to Root feeling is in a state of rapid transition to transition ultimately traceable perhaps Tjo the conviction that. Men. Owe to the lord in every regard the Best of All they possess. That a Largo proportion of our people in the most intellectual and refined least a practical resumption of what Hundred years amongst us a the reference Here is to Knox a Liturgy a a after the reformed Faith was introduced and what in perfect har Mony with free prayer Long operated most beneficially in several of amp the Continental churches framed on the same Model As our own. To frown on such changes is to declare to our doubt ramen most advanced in religious sen-tinient�?T1 and musical taste and. Whose Devotie dal it feelings am Mai-tied-p-if., i. May. A say., so urto the More refined and soul in capturing Concord of Sweet sounds that they must find a resting place for their spirits beyond the Pale National Church. A. A a though i have carefully abstained from mentioning., my convection that much in the Mode of conducting our worship would hinder the Blessing of him who is the god of Unity, sameness give the Best Hope of reviving and strengthening our. Church yet it is due to say that Many clergymen and Mem a Bers of the Chur he of Scotland not the last in name acquirement and Worth have frequently discussed the matter a with me and have arrived at the same i quote this mainly for the purpose of the scottish establishment is in bad plight and that while or. Bisset May be right in his conviction yet that the English i turgid al forms Are sure to outbid1 a with the still that is a transition condition from past rigidity is pretty evident and it has made Progress so far among the to. P. Presbyterians As to Lead a some1 years ago to Quot the adopt ion., of a hymn Book some congregation to change of. A a attitudes in Public worship.�?�. The following is a recent illustration a a Given by the Glasgow coming journal of the 9th instant a by Estarda Yuther congregation. Of Erakine d. A Church South Portland Street Rev. A. A. Drummy Ndu a adopted the pro time of standing during Praise and kneeling or rather sitting during prayer. Hitherto this Rule has been partially in operation but up till yesterday it has been while singing Only at the a occluding. Service of Praise at each diet. Yesterday morning in staling the wish of the session on Thel subject or. Drummond intimated that. In future no person should to the Ohnich during devotional exercises nor during the Ordinary Reading of the chapter parties it who should late to be allowed Entrance at an interval succeeding these respective exercises which would be afforded for that purpose. The free Church now virtually holds the establishment principle in abeyance anti is relatively and really More powerful than she Ever was if As is probable she and the United presbyterian Church merge in to a Lime great body within the. Next ten years what with defections to Episcopa . Dislike. and property and introducing an immense amount of capital Energy and agricultural skill that Are. Telling confessedly upon the aspect of the country assimilating Ireland More to Scotland and England than in former times and that these changes like those which or Begg brought out so admirably the other evening in his a a report on houses for the working classes Quot will naturally Tell non the people you will easily see that they give us Facini pics of a Peculiar character tor the introduction of the gospel concurrent with these economic changes. Changes As great in the population a have Bee going on no less extensive. Two tides have been streaming Over Ireland one in the direction of Australia and America to some extent also to Scot land and England going out of Ireland and another chiefly coming into Ireland from Scotland a and in its character and consequences like the Gulf streams which a bring Fertility and health. Generally speaking the outgoing element has been a roman Catholic element the incoming a protestant element and especially a presbyterian Clement from Scotland. Applause a we have no doubt that these two , the outgoing and the incoming will tend to make the South and West of Ireland somewhat like Ulster and like the changes place some years ago in our own beloved land. In 1848, the population of Ireland was in round numbers eight millions and a Quarter in-1861, it was five and three fourth millions making a decrease on the Gross population of two and a half millions or nearly the entire population of Scotland if you except Edinburgh and Glasgow. You May thus have an idea from the decrease of the population on the one hand and the introduction of capital on the other of the economic changes that Are going on in ire land. The great mass of the population who have left Home consisted As i have said of the Romish element while of those who have come to Ireland there have been hundreds from Scotland tending to change still More the relative proportions of roman Catholic and protestant giving accessions that constitute centres of Light and influence to the protestant churches in that dark land. I have Here a map drawn up by Fri Miller Princess Street Edinburgh with red dots showing upon it the places where Scotchman had settled and i put it into the hands of the Moderator for his information. This map was indicative at once of the migratory and also the Grega Nous character of our scottish countrymen. You will observe that a Large number have come from Scotland and that wherever a Scotchman has fixed himself others have come and settled Down beside him. Applause i the Irish presbyterian Church has been Wise enough to Avail itself of that National system of education which with All its flexibility �3 so detested by the in and parliament and or. Mcnaughton states that there is not a presbyterian school connected with it in which a we have not Liberty to teach the Bible and the Shorter catechism. More than this the Power of Reading among the peasantry is enormously developed. In 1843 there were Only 282,000 children in the National schools out of a population of eight millions and three quarters in 1861 out of a population reduced to five millions and three quarters the number was 804,000 children in the Sama schools showing an increase of half a million in less than Twenty years thus a a a suitable Fie lds is opened up for the employment of col porters to scatter the Bible and other religious books Over Large districts of ire land where formerly sent the but ble would have been to spend Money and strength in vain.�?�. A the churches also Are now seeking to evangelize a country which so Long was neglected. The episcopalians have a vigorously managed Mission the independents the methodists and the Baptist Are each engaged in missionary operations in the country the United a presbyterian Church , in your footsteps and have this year resolved. To Mission to roman catholics making. Dublin the Centre of their operations. I also rejoice to learn that men of truly evangelical spirit in the established Church of Scotland look to Ireland As a glorious Field to organise a Mission to roman catholics. The recent agrarian murders a shielded and sympathized with by the peasantry were referred to by the speaker and amid loud tokens of assent and approval he avowed his conviction that the a a confessional a is the murderers encouragement for a i he feels and that he can obtain absolution for his All the More therefore should the churches seek to Rescue Ireland a from the fangs at the same time or. Mcnaughton said. That the present was than it a time of a a sowing a and that there is , country connected with ourselves that is so strongly impressed with the Ultra Montane spirit and the religion of the people is becoming More and More that of the external Prosperity of Irish presbyterianism was pointed out in the fact that within the last seven or eight years the missionary contributions had risen from seven or eight to about fourteen. Thousand pounds and that �60,000 had been collected lor churches and manses the Extension of the Church to the West of Ireland was also described by another member of the deputation the Rev. J. L. Ren Toul. Not less than one thousand scottish families have emigrated thither and six new congregations have been organized recently. Then in Connaught there ate Twenty three missionaries or stated ministers two of them converts from romanism. To Aid these labourers there Are Twenty ,.fpurteenof whom paid. M one year,.15,396 visits and conversed with nearly 40,000 persons on the subject of personal salvation. As the result a of this Mission Quot Nineteen new congregations have been organized and eleven new churches and ten comfortable manses erected. There Are now Twenty one Mission Fields with forty three Mission. Stations. There Are besides fifty six Day and Sabbath schools in which 9,<680 children have ,,, i have. Sai mjg a r., a Yunam amp puff Tell of these children and never have i found Young persons better instructed in the doctrines of our holy the present fruits of the Irish revival in 1859, were specially noticed by the Moderator of the Irish Assembly in answer As it were to the natural inquiries a a have. All the effects of these awakenings passed away ? Are Quot there any blessed results ? arc you still of opinion that it was a work of Grace and a time of refreshing from the presence of the lord a Here again i speak with All due humility and caution. I believe that during that wondrous time of revival three hands at work in Ireland the hand of the Devil sowing Tares among the wheat the hand of Man inter meddling with the works of the lord and the hand of the spirit doing wondrous things in righteousness. Much of the excitement i might say almost All of it has passed away. Much of the Good seed i Grieve to say growing up from what we did not at the time conceive Stony ground has met with the Fate predicted in scripture and has borne no wheat. But there remains still to the Praise and glory of the Grace of god abundant blessed fruits that testify to. The great fact that god was working a the midst of Ireland gathering in the precious souls of men. We can say upon the Best authority that very Many precious souls have Given evidence of having undergone o Ira Wori of conversion and Are now living in the fear of god and for his glory. We have found that after All abatement was made on the score of excitement and Mere emotion and after All abatement was made on the score of those who Only fancied they were under divine influence but who turned out to have been Labouring under some kind of deception there still remains authenticated cases of actual conversion. There also remain Many cases of precious quickening of cod s own people who Are being roused and raised to higher development of the Christian life and Are becoming standing evidences of gods mercy in the midst of a benighted people. There has been moreover a Large addition to the number of those who steadily wait upon ordinances and the Nur her of children attending our Sabbath schools and other Means of ministerial instruction. Besides what i have mentioned there is another Gratifying proof of the Good of revivals viz., that those Labouring in the ministry have far less difficulty than before in finding suitable agents to carry on Pur schemes of Christian Enterprise and Christian Benevolence. Cheers i believe the foregoing to be a sober and trustworthy estimate of the results of the a year of Grace a although these have by no Means fully developed themselves Espe chaily in the increased Supply of the gospel ministry and the higher platform to which the professing people of god Are rising As to prayerfulne8s, Zeal and Domestic piety. At a recent the English Synod in London or. Moore of Ballymena gave a similar statement adding that baptists coming Over from England had adopted an intensely Prosel Yting policy and had induced some to be a a dipped a a so that the spirit of Contention had manifested itself. I believe this was chiefly the Case at Ballymena Colerain and Londonderry. I Trust however that these things will a a fall out a after All a for the furtherance of the the Moderator of the free Church in his address to the deputation gratefully referred to the sympathy of the Ulster people with the struggles of the evangelicals before the disruption and to the extraordinary Welcome and hospitality received in several visits from them. A we found even the Irish ministers coming Forward to contribute to our funds denying themselves luxuries Thane Tiev might Supply our Treasury with needful Means the fast is we came away from Ireland to fight our Battle Here like giants refreshed with new he concluded As follows a i am Happy to find that you Are taking Possession of the land on the other Side of the Channel. You Are very like the israelite of old when they went into Canaan you have got a footing in the country and i Hope you will go on and never rest until you Are Suo of Saul in driving out ignorance superstition priest Craft and Popery and shall exterminate the Hiviles and in the land. Laughter and loud cheers we give you a Hearty Welcome and with the greatest Delight and pleasure and from the Bottom of our hearts we say god Speed loud cheers. The presbyterian historical almanac for-1862. Was handed to me a few Days ago by a minister from Canada sent. By or. Joseph my a Wilson the publisher. This admirable comprehensive and unique publication needs Tio Eulogy from me. No Man not thoroughly industrious accurate and i May. Say enthusiastic in the right sense of the word could get up such a work As this. A the portraits of moderators engravings of churches schools and colleges biographies of ministers elders and missionaries a very interesting feature of the volume contents present to the Universal Christian family a remarkable amount of information and tend powerfully to promote and cherish a True Esprit do corps Mongiat presbyterians themselves i Atn particularly gratified to find that the editor of this volume has made such an Effort to stimulate manse building in the United states and pained to see from the returns made that there Are thousands of presbyterian pastors without manses. Often have i referred to this matter in the course of my a a correspondence a and when i know How in Scotland and in the North of Ireland manses Are not the exception but the Rule desire All the More earnestly the Day when a a Meek eyed peace restored to your of entry and with returning temporal Prosperity and a fresh baptism of life Light love a and liberality vouchsafed to your churches the stand of ministerial income will be universally elevated and presbytery More thoroughly consolidated by a manse Side by Side with the Church and the school in every Parish and District a a a ii t or j. W 4 Jal pay of reaching. The discussion at the late general taa Sembly old Sohani at Columbus 0�?z on the support of the ministry brought out the truth that when a a minister is in debt it or us crippled in his resources he loses about half the working Power of his when. We ill congregations.--,learn the truth that As they stint their preacher. Or Are tardy or negligent in paying their., dues they reduce the Quality of the . African. E. Cha Chi there Are in m. in the United states from thirty to forty thousand members and three episcopal districts under Bishops Quinn Paine and Nazrey respectively. A Bishop Payne repute seats the work under his care Ahi flourish 1 ing and says that since the War commenced he has extended his lines weight. Mile South of Washington where be has Esta listed a Church under the care of a competent. Missionary who is assured Adf a a Rote a Festian from the

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