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Pittsburgh Presbyterian Banner (Newspaper) - December 28, 1861, Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaU Lunyk a. . Little avid my Kinney amp co. Editors and proprietors. Terms i n Advance. . C so Rico. 125 Likier Tabb is i Riib of the oitum.2 00 tin. Do Ivar swe will Ionut by mail seventy number f,.r Oku ,an, thirty three numbers. Of so hrs willing ust went sibs Elbers end upwards will thereby on Titio to a paper without charge. Bei Weals a Lionald be prompt a Little before the year expires set payments by Safe hands by mail Pirrot All letter to David my Kuff Iet amp co.,. Pittsburgh a. A original. The absent. I a Soldi he. Away from Home and friends most dear in this disastrous Day fur off toward the rising Sun eight Hundred Miles away. Chords eight Hundred Miles away a eight Hundred Miles away far off toward the rising Sun. Eight Hundred Miles away. Along with those whose hearts Are Brave my country Scall to grasp the deadly Forelock a. A. J eight Hundred Miles away j chords eight Hundred amp of. While dangers threat and duty Calls it is Here i mean to stay prepared to fight the enemy eight Hundred Miles away. Chords eight Hundred amp of. But while upon Potomac Skink in Moally a awhile to stay a amp a i forget the ones i love eight Hundred Miles away ? chords eight Hundred amp of. A can i forget the partner dear with whom i used to stay the Many Joyful hours we passed i eight Hundred Miles away chords eight Hundred amp of. Ltd and then those prattling cherubs who amid their childish play have often swelled my heart with Joy eight Hundred Miles away. Chords eight Hundred amp of. A nol while life swarm currents gush and cause this heart to play .1 �?T11 not forget the ones 1 love eight Hundred Miles away. Chords eight Hundred amp a. I and while beneath an Eastern sky an exile i shall stay i know in a thought of Oft by those eight Hundred Miles away. Chords eight Hundred amp a. A put should disease rebel foe Striko Down this feeble Clay a should deaths shafts be hurled at those eight Hundred Miles away chords eight Hundred amp of. Still Here a a Home a Blissful Home within the realms of Day where they and i shall meet again in heaven far far away. It chords in heaven far far away in heaven far far away where they and i shall meet again in heaven far far away. H. H. For the presbyterian Christian race. Jiuu ration gives us clearer views of Fth amp uth and causes it to make deeper impressions. La aul knew this Well and he most a Rappi alludes to things with which men e familiar that he May both convince and cite. Among the honorable and popular invests of the Day in which he lived and lie people to whom he wrote is the foot the course is prepared. The Izo is set Forth. The athlete Are in led trained and ready. Tens of thou ads of people Are collected. The signal a Given and the eager expectant of glory d Reward Spring at the instant and press Ward in the course. The mighty Multi tide look on with breathless attention As e and another lag behind fall by the in. At length one has reached the dist goal his name is shouted by the pub a Herald and his temples encircled by the lard earned Crown. The Palm Branch is aced in his right hand in Token of Vic by and his native City exulting in the onor of her successful son conducts him me with the most extravagant Demonstra-,0ns of Joy. Such was the grecian race and such its Ward. Now we will look at the Chris no a race and the Reward he shall receive his course Are Many difficulties but he ust a run with patience Quot not heeding the Ron Tongue of temptation which would wee him to loiter altogether turn a Ide from the Way. Think you the ath to As he strove for the blown cared for it else ? did he Stop to Pluck the Way de Flower encumber himself with Paris Les of shining dust ? no he Ever Essed on disdaining even to glance at any King of minor importance. So the Chris a disdaining the Petty and dangerous Joy eats of Earth must Ever look Ford fixing his Eye with an unflinching gaze the pleasures of eternity. He too is surrounded by a a a Cloud of Hon esses a who watch every movement Rith i intense interest. I have often thought we could but realize this what a great affluence it must exertion our daily life. Not Only Are human friends and enemies water a Over every step with closest scrutiny either wishing us a a god Speed a rejoice in our halting but other eyes Are upon some of spirits dark and malignant rho Busy themselves in placing stumbling blocks in our Way and whispering evil thoughts and blasphemies in our ears oth Jers of spirits Bright and pure who have a charge Over us and by High and holy motives incite us to persevere. These Are thoughts which might Well induce us to take heed How we run and above All did we hut remember that a a our heavenly father a a is Ever present chiding land bringing us Back when we stray with his Strong and gentle hand raising land strengthening us when we stumble and fall. Surely such a consideration would compel us to watch each step As we press Proward. But is there no Reward offered in Pis race Are we to have the Tail and Bain and strife for nought yes thanks so to god who liveth us the Vietor there a a Reward offered one which far exceeds we can conceive j for we run not to brain perishable crowns and withering alms but those that Are incorruptible. In be language of one of Zion s sweetest 0ngs, a a Palms of glory raiment Bright crowns that never fade away 1 gird and deck the saints in Light Kyj priests Ana Kings Ana conquerer a a when we shall stand within the Walls of he new Jerusalem and a a look Over life finished Story a All aglow with the Bright beatitude we shall almost forget the trials the Way while a a a on a Green and flowery mount our Happy souls shall sit a a and with transporting Joy recount the labors of our feet. A a eternal glory to the King who safely brought us through our tongues shall never cease to sing and endless Praise m. A timer. Vol. X., no. 15. Pittsburgh. Saturday december 28, 1861.european correspondence. The u Trent boarded and the Southern commissioners arrested opinions opt amp a press a United states vessel Burnt by the a a Nash Vii amps a a free go urn conference at Edinburgh foreign missions and Lack of volunteers . Duff and his grand ideas . Tweeder a 1 exposition of it education and evangelization in India . Candlish and his address a. Duffs letter Analyse do the educated Hindoos and infidelity government schools and colleges new plan for the education of foreign missionaries the Post office and its statistics. London 30 1861. The seizure of the Southern commissioners by a United states1 vessel on Board the Trent West India Royal mail packet has awakened a profound sensation Here and All Over the kingdom. Happily we have amongst us such a Mao As . Adams the United states ambassador who at the mansion House dinner justly said that one great duty devolving on Diplomatist like himself was to give explanations and smooth the path of peace and brotherhood. A painful feeling exists in some breasts from the idea that . Seward seeks a quarrel with great Britain. I Trust it is not so. The times and daily Telegraph both Calm the Public mind while yet indicating the tendency of such events. They show As does the morning Star that strictly speaking the right of search on the High seas does exist and quote both american and British jurists on the question but then that this Case is not within the Rule. They evidently write in Harmony with the views of the government which studiously desires to keep the peace and it will be a to fill Day for both nations if Ever they shall be hurried into actual collision. May god forbid it and let All Good men in spite of tie preachers of antipathies revenues and a a satisfaction a say amen. The times Leader on the Day after the news arrived was studiously calming in its style. The daily Telegraph wrote in a similar Strain and the morning Star said a it it is at any rate to be desired that questions of this sort should be discussed without heat and decided without haste. If it should turn out that the san Jacinto has exceeded the authority which the Law of nations concedes to belligerents Over the Ordinary rights of neutrals we doubt not the United states government will disclaim the act and refuse to of its the conservative Standard which represents a party which likes fighting More than others was quite vehement. I have great Hopes that by the spirit of . Adams and his conveyance to the president of the reasons of the British cabinets decision As Well As by lord Russel a own letter peace May be pro served. Last week we had the first realization of the american contest As brought very near to. Us in the appearing on the Southampton bars of the Southern ship Nashville having on Board the of ears and Crew of a merchant Federal ship which had been seized and Burnt at dismissal of general Fremont and the avowal of the government that slaves in the South would not be emancipated but that those employed would be returned to Loyal owners and their services paid for a while More easily understood by yourself and. Other friends of the negro than by English people have undoubtedly dashed the Hopes of those who were looking at the War As Likely to have an anti slavery Issue. But the end is not yet and who shall venture to say whether the abomination May not in spite of human calculations counsels have an Issue which will destroy forever the plan of those Whoso Long sought Extension of slavery ? the reported speech of col. Cochrane and his proposal so vehemently applauded a of putting arms into the hands of the slaves seems to indicate tendencies which May end in All that has been hoped for by philanthropists. The difficulties surrounding the whole question of slavery can Only be appreciated by yourselves. A Mission conference has just been held at Edinburgh in connexion with the meeting of the commission of the free Church of Scotland. A serious diminution in the number of labourers in the Indian Field has taken place. . Duff and those who remain at their pm st Are overworked and there has not been that promptitude of volunteering on the part of the students licentiate and ordained ministers at Home which might have been anticipated. It was Felt that a free and full conference at Edinburgh might be the Means of giving information As to the actual condition of things both discouraging and encouraging As Well As of rousing a spirit of prayerful Zeal and self consecration. It is Well known that the Mission work of the free Church has from the first been largely and directly educational. This was the grand idea of Alexander Duff years ago and the great men of the past. Chalmers and others thoroughly and heartily endorsed it. This feature is still of be preserved. And As . Tweedie said at the opening of the commission their institutions Are educational but it is for a purpose rather for a crowd of purposes. These purposes Are As follows a a first to train up a native ministry and native teachers for India As the Grace of god shall prepare converts for the work. For reasons which it would be superfluous to explain that is one of our great Aims and in that aim we have been blessed in no common degree. The converts Labouring in connexion with our missions As teachers catechists preachers and ordained ministers Are such As prove to some minds that the spirit of god has blessed of a truth the labors of our missionaries. But besides the aim now referred to our missions keep in View another Vitar object the grand terminus of All Mission wore�?vis., the converting of songs to god. In the class room in the Chapel in private Intercourse in Short in season and out of season that is kept in View and As the result 110 have been baptized in our Mission at Madras on a profession of Faith in the Saviour 187 have been baptized at Calcutta 61 at Nagore 88 at Poona and 115 at Bombay making 501 in All mainly the fruits of the spirits Blessing on. The labors of our missionaries among the Young. This is no doubt Only a the Day of Small but omniscience itself omnipotence itself asks the questions a who hath despised the Day ? a it assures us of a brighter Day to come. But Pur missions Are More than this. They have other work in hand along with that now mentioned. _ they Are in principle and in. Practice evangelistic also they Are so i venture humbly to think far More than is commonly known. In considering this Point we have to keep in View that for some months in the year firstly that by reason of the heat and secondly by reason of the Rains it is impossible for europeans to Itin Erate and preach in India with safety and making allowance for that i for one am of opinion that our Home Church has not As a whole understood the extent to which preaching , even in the usual technical sense of the word has been going on. There Are some of our missionaries still alive and some who have gone to their rest to Bave themselves heart and soul to the work. One of the missionaries of this Church the late Rev. R. Nisbet took his place among the Foremost Mahatta speakers and preachers in India. Quot others have preached and do preach in Bengali in Tamie in telugu and other Indian tongues not merely in schools a though these Are one special Agency but is like a snowball leave him lying n idleness against the sunny face of Prosperity and All the Good that is in him melts 4way but let the jealous and envious per Seute him and it gathers strength at every Lye Volution till it grows to an Avalanche. Thia last remark is judicious. Surely no Christian understanding the state of affairs could recommend the sudden emancipation and general arming of the slaves. In freeing the slaves of rebels it is necessary to give them employment and to govern them and circumstances May show it to be both needful and Wise for a time to enrol a portion of them As a Nili tory corps to Aid in erecting and guarding fortifications a and thus to be under More perfect government. We Trust that those who would turn them Loose uncured for to suffer and cause suffering Are but few in . Moreover in Long Tours from time to time is pro ached discussions Are held and All the usual appliances Are employed for winning souls to a the Saviour. On the one hand and i crave special attention to the fact other Christian bodies in India Are largely adopting the system in our schools As fitted to undermine the stupendous superstitions of India and on the other our missions Are from year to year expanding in the direction of preaching. At Madras this is signally the Case. At Bombay Poona and Nagore it has always been the Case. At Calcutta where the educational element is so prominent there has been far More of direct preaching 1 believe than the Home Church at All supposes. And slowly hut steadfastly that is extending. Regarding the preaching of in every possible form to Young and to old to Baboo and t o pariah a As the grand result of All our. Missionary undertakings As a missionary Church the end is kept in View too tardily for the chair Chi a longings but yet according to the Means which Are put at our disposal. For years past it has been the aim of the committee and of the missionaries to extend it More and it will be observed from the foregoing that if education is the Means evangelization is the end in View so that this grand end is every year More largely aimed at and attained. A a the system is out spreading preaching is its necessary besides this several of the free Church missionaries have been employed with other missionaries in revising translating perfecting translations of the scriptures along with other bodies into some of the dialects of India. Some of them also Are the authors of books and tracts bearing upon local superstitions. The free Church has also missions directly Evan Gerstic among the Jaffres and dingoes of Africa. . Candlish Moderator of the Assembly delivered the first address rather As a lengthened and very important letter had just arrived from . Duff he Analysed the letter and expounded it As bearing on the theine which he himself had undertaken to a speak upon namely the Constitution of the missions of the free Church especially As regards the Central institutions in India. . Duffs letter began thus a a our system ought to be judged of not with regard to Heathen nations generally Andt East of All barbarous and Savage tribes hut with reference to the special peculiarities of Hindoo society and providential circumstances connected with its government by great starting from this . Duff proceeded to argue that the great object of ail evangelical missions is to save sinners. And that out of this arises the question. How is this end to be most satisfactory accomplished to begin with schools among Savage tribes to. Id to a urd bit in the Case of Hin Doostan. With whom for the last three thousand years there has been a knowledge both of Reading and writing we May safely begin by educational appliances. . Duff s second proposition was As follows a a although we May by Gin at once with the multitudes of thei Young we must do what we can for and he affirms that the free Church system of missions contrary to what has been sometimes supposed said a a was deliberately planned to be an All embracing a if All the parts a he continues a did not come into immediate operation it was because time was wanted for their development even As All the parts of an Oak of of a Cedar of Lebanon Are not developed when the seedling is committed to the he then Points out that a a the main strength of the european agents hitherto has doubtless been Given to teach convert and then train converts for the office of teachers and preachers believing that in this Way they were multiplying their own personal Agency believing that if god thus enabled them to train even a few of Well qualified native teachers and preachers it was doing More for the evangelization of India than if they spent the whole of their own time and strength in directly attempting to preach through the vernacular to there a re few thoughtful Christian ministers and people who do not increasingly feel that a native ministry is the grand Hope of Blessing to Heathen nations wherever they Are found. If Judson were living now if , Loving laborious Lodiana band if those who like Anderson of Madras died in the fullness of their strength upon the Field but who had the Joy of seeing such a preacher As Rajah go Paul declare the glad tidings with a Freedom Force and fullness to which after a Quarter of a Century probably no Anglo Saxon missionary could attain were these Able alive to testify surely their verdict would be unanimous. Even with jews in Europe we find that to Deal with them most effectually we must Jaye converts from among themselves fired with Zeal full of love to Christ and Able to Deal in a Way almost impossible for a Gentile with their rabbinical prejudices on the one hand and their rationalistic tendencies on the other. And thus it is that by far the majority of the various agents of Modem missions to the jews episcopal and nonconformist Home and foreign have found their missionaries mercifully raised up for them from among the first fruits from the Early converts. This too must be the Hope of India. Infidelity is not As has been sometimes said insinuated the result of the system of teaching in English literature science &c., introduced to India by . Duff. On the contrary he writes As follows oar Central institution in Calcutta has been greatly blessed of god As a counter Active to the rampant infidel sing tendencies so rampant around us. It is a simple fact that comparatively very few indeed of those trained in it have openly joined the anti Christian infidel ranks. Many years ago when the infidel Host under chosen leaders openly challenged me and we met week after week in assemblies of Between five Hundred a he one thousand for Public discussion it is a fact that not one educated in our institution was found associated with the leaders taking any Active part in favor of their cause. On the contrary again and again did some one students who though he had not openly embraced christianity was fully alive to the fallacies in the arguments of its opponents from the instruction he had received in our institutions Rise up and boldly in the presence of assembled hundreds of his countrymen Deal out the most triumphant refutation of their Sophis tries the immediate effect was quite1 electrical and the result the Christian Bible cause in a general Way unspeakably beneficial. As time rolled on atheism under the assaults made upon it fell into discount. Young men educated in government a institutions ignorant of yet hating christianity but feeling the want of some religion fell Back on the supposed monotheism of their own ancient vedas. But Here again the effect of the teaching in our institution became very noticeable. Accustomed As our Young men were to the examination of historic and other Christian evidences they saw and could prove that the vedas had not a shred of solid evidence to vindicate their divine authority. Accordingly very few indeed from our institution either directly1 indirectly joined the ranks of the great and numerous Vedantic party. At last the real nature of these books and their contents often As puerile and false a the popular quranic fables came to be better known and it was Felt that their High pretensions were untenable. Then they entered on a new career and formed a newfangled system of a theism a still erroneously styling it Vedant in a but to which we gave the name of new be Dantis to distinguish it from the old As also from any definite european system of theism. For several years they kept tinkering at their a a a theism but it wis found to be very cold and. Left Many wants and cravings of. Nature a supplied. Iveli they did keep Drifting about very strangely. And not later than last year they got into what they now reckon their final Haven. And what is that ? the Haven of intuitional religion on this new Light which they have obtained from the spiritual pantheists of Europe and America they have published a Large series of tracts alike in Bengali and English. They have renounced the Namo of Vedant ism and substituted that of a Brabam ism a Brahma in its neuter form being the term of the supreme impersonal essence of old Vedant ism. Brahma they have connected with personality of some sort and All the truths concerning him and our relation to him Are discoverable not by reasoning revelation but by intuition. A when religion a say they a lies in our intuitive consciousness its truths we directly perceive we require no argumentation they approach us As self evident realities. They Are spontaneous instinctive involuntary practical Universal primitive original self evident axiomatic a &c., amp a. All this and Mueh More a they attempt elaborately to illustrate and in so doing furnish Long corroborative quotations from the writings of Parker Emerson Morell Nelson Foxton Greg Francis Newman sir William Hamilton Kent Cousin and Many others. For aggressive purposes they have for years past been organized into a regular society they have their House Temple for weekly worship they have a subscription fund for the sending out of preaching agents and the establishment of propagandist schools they have classes of disciples and inquirers and a Large body of full initiated and recognized members gathered from the higher and wealthier educated classes their influence is at once persuasive and powerful. It will be observed How a a intuitional religion a under the name of christianity and As now with hellish subtlety affecting Many minds on both sides of the Atlantic. As indicated toward Thi close of the above passage from . Duff s letter has assumed an associated form full of evil and danger. But says . Duff a a i have by Qiju watching the effect of ail this on the minds of Young men admitted into our institution. Of the number who have join d their ranks must _ be Small in fact after cd Ose investigation it has been found that a Only a infinitesimal fraction of free Church students and sex students Are members of 1 the Samaj. This is a very telling state i mint because that a during the last thirty years there must have gone Forth at least about a fifth of the educated youth of Calcutta and that they Are to be found in All the mercantile and government offices in Calcutta. It Isa a the government schools and colleges a wherein Christian and Bible teaching is excluded a a which almost exclusively furnish the leaders and members of the Brahman .�?TDuff, therefore argues for an Extension and Elevation rather than a diminution and lowering of the system. Of educational institutes in Calcutta. . Candlish thoroughly agrees with his views. It How appears1, As indicated by . Braidwood. That the few Esly Yan society has established an institution of this kind at Madras that the Church of England has Laid it Down As a Rule that an educated native ministry is essential to Success and that a missionary of the London society had established a school a the heart of a native town on the free Church principle doctor Duff says a a Many of our going men Are in that state of mind and of to Tual knowledge that in a Day of the spirits outpouring hundreds off them might lat once be awakened quickened and led Joy fully to embrace Quot the Tritth As it i in Jesus becoming at once a Well equipped and Well furnished Host of in the course of the conference the Rev . Johnsto to very ably showed that the Quot free Church missions would be quite sufi adequate and As to their educational As Peet scarcely defensible As souls needed immediate attention All around but that they formed a part of a great Catholic whole. And so we regard them the More complacently when we find that m India there Are now four Hundred european and american missionaries forty eight native evangelists seven Hundred catechists. Three Hundred and thirty one native churches eight thousand five Hundred communicants one Hundred thousand converts one thousand three Hundred and fifty vernacular schools ninety three boarding schools one Hundred and two boarding schools for girls one Hundred and Twenty six English schools three Hundred and fifty Day schools for girls. Besides these agencies there Are Twenty five printing presses and several other Means for translating and publishing the scriptures in native languages. The Rev. Wood,1 sex Moderator of the Eree Church and one of the holiest and Best of men spoke admirably on the absolute necessity of raising up a native ministry by educational institutes and also showed that in teaching there was really evangelistic work a a i confess i have no sympathy with any brother who can find to evangelistic work in our missionary education in India. My missionary brother May have no Genius for mathematics metaphysics but with his warm Loving heart he will hardly Lail in finding congenial work in leading to Jesus by various paths of knowledge the youths who come Day after Day to listen to his As to the fun ure of christianity in India . Wood said a a i have Long had a conviction that in some such Way As this will India be christianize an extensive spread of without Many conversions first and then a sudden Extension a glorious Day nations born in a the a a Mode of training for the Mission Field a formed a second theme for Confer Bece Jand was discussed at length along with Kindred topics by principal Cunningham. He referred to the feet that among students at Home there were a qualified men a but that these do not seem willing to embrace the Opportunity listen to gods he does not consider that Young men who Are willing to be missionaries should be sent out a a too Early a a a educated the solution of the difficulty As to fresh labourers must be found in looking to the lord of the Harvest himself and thus both educational and evangelistic work would go Forth to the satisfaction of All. . Begg thought that the health and lives of Many missionary volunteers might be spared if they were kept Long enough in this country a a until at least they had acquired a knowledge of the there should also be experienced retired missionaries near the students in their preliminary preparations. . Begg also referred to the number of the Young men in Scotland who had been converted in recent revivals and who were full of love and Zeal. He considered that special training might be Given these and a Shorter term of study be recognised provided they were found otherwise adapted to missionary work. As it is Likely that Scotchman will go out As colonists for the cultivation of Cotton in India and that among these and for the Benefit of the natives employed by them the1 converts who were not to study in the regular Way might at once take an important position and acquire an immense influence. An intelligent gentleman in a very prominent position in India had written him . Begg in answer to his inquiries that he believed that a a very Large infusion of Christian life Mig the directed to India at the present moment in connexion with this . Mcintosh of Madras gave some very Gratifying facts to show that at Madras a Large amount of directly evangelistic Effort was being carried on. A Tho Earl of Dalhousie was present at the conference s lieutenant colonel Davidson delivered an address on a a of the Church to the Heathen and especially India and the Best modes for calling Forth sympathy for the , he referred to the self sacrifice of the Haldane As to evangelistic work in dead times in Scotland. He dwelt on the duty of p Arents to consecrate their sons and not to hinder them going Forth to the missionary Field. He related the Case of a Young Man of Promise who was willing to go to India but whose Mother hindered him and How a Friend had remarked a a it is not Heathen mothers Only who Are hindrances to in intercessory prayer also As an All important Means of securing blessings was specially a it upon. As the old school and other presbyterian churches have missions in India and As i have Given this full analysis of the conference at Edinburgh that As Many As possible both of the ministers and churches at Home and the american missionaries abroad May have accurate information let me give you the concluding portion of col. Davidson a address adding that As a reference is made to the Indiana missionaries and past responses to their invitations to a new years concert of prayer that i Trust and believe that special Mayer for India in january 1862, will be Jophe of the Happy issues of this conference at Edinburgh. Col. Davidson said Quot there is another important All important sub Jet on which if time admitted. I should wish to say a word but As it is to be spoken to especially by my esteemed and respected Friend the Rev. . Charles Brown i cannot do bettor than leave it m his hands the subject i refer to is intercessory prayer for India. Much has been said about the character and fitness of our missionary machinery and. It is important to look to it and see that it is framed according to the apostolic Model and impelled by a real love to souls and love to god but be our machinery Ever so perfect it will not do its. Work unless god is pleased to pour out the influence of his blessed spirit. In this View i believe the most important question for the consideration of this conference is. Whether the Extension of by Means of our missionaries in India is not hindered by the restraining of prayers on the part of those who Send them Forth. Might not something be done in the Way of making our prayers for India More special than they Are at present ? individual missions particular localities and particular efforts might be especially prayed for. We have had in our own land Many precious examples of gods readiness to hear and answer prayer for the outpouring of his spirit a very striking instance of this in India is related by . Mor it Rison of Lodiana which in conclusion i will Lay before the conference. You Are aware that . Morrison is that missionary from whom originated that work of intercessory prayer for India which was responded to throughout America and also in this country in a Sermon of . Morrison a the following passage occurs �?��?1 it. Would appear that in consequence of the Appeal to America unknown to the missionaries m in do a the first monday in january 1858, was set apart tor special prayer for humiliation before god and prayer tor the missionary work m India. Now one of the missionaries at a station in India on that very same Day makes the following entry m Lus journal perfectly univ arc of the pleading on behalf of missions that was taking place a this has been the most solemn and interesting Uay i have witnessed in India. At our morning prayers in the native language three strangers were present who had Cometo inquire about the new Way. I Folind on inquiry that two of these were the parents of a . M the Asylum who Lead expressed a desire publicly to profess Christ. A our son a said they has been Blind from his birth but now he says thai. He can see us. A heavenly influence am persuaded is with us our Christian friends fan America must be Pray my for us f i s is a a most encouraging Ovid Floe of the Power of prayer. And can we despair of the p Ower of prayer for India i Trust that one result of this conference will be. That there will to humiliation and prayer throughout the i churches Earnest prayer to god that he May pour out his. Spirit upon us that he would thrust Forth labourers into his Harvest for truly the Harvest is great but the labourers Are few. Cheers it appears certain that one of . Begg s practical suggestions namely that Mission students should in the summer vacation undergo special training by retired missionaries will be adopted. . Candlish emphatically endorsed the idea. And As to the result of tie conference be joyfully said that there had been a Large me sure of unanimity and a a we a re All with one heart and one soul determined to support our la borers out in India . Duff . Wilson and the others to the utmost in their labors which have been so manifestly owned and blessed of god in times the Post office annual report is a remarkable document As illustrative of the working of a machine especially identified with and essential to the development of modern civilization. Last year the number of Post offices in the United kingdom Ivas increased by 29, making the whole present number 11,441 of which 818 Are head offices and 10,623 sub Post offices. To these must be added Road letter boxes pillars in the streets 515 of which were erected last year. Thus the whole number of receptacles for letters is nearly 14,000, while before the establishment of the Penny postage they did not much exceed 4,000. The number of letters delivered through the Post office in England in i860, was 462,000,000which id at the rate of Twenty two letters for every Man woman and child. In Ireland the number was 48,000,000, being at the rate of eight for each person in Scotland 54,000,000, at the rate of seventeen to each person. In the United kingdom there were 564,000,000 letters delivered which. Is 19,000,000 More than in the previous year. This increase is at the rate of 3� per cent for the United kingdom and it is pleasing to observe that Ireland participates in the increase to the extent of 3 per cent. In Liverpool the proportion is 27 letters to each person in Birmingham and Manchester 28 in Dublin 3,4 in Edinburgh 36 and in London 43. A a the facility of postal communication contributes powerfully to enhance these figures. Thus of the 19,000,000 of additional letters in London 3& were London local letters that is to Sag written in London As Well As delivered there in one other District suburb in the metropolitan a postal area extending in some cases ten Miles from Charing Cross. A nearly 71,000,000 newspapers were delivered last year and about 11,700,000 Book packets. The increase in Book packets was 700,000of newspapers 450,000. Of the Book packets half a million deliveries took place in London alone. Failures in delivery from the fault of the writers in part at least were startlingly extensive. Thus nearly two millions of letters one in 286 of the whole were returned to the writers owing to failures in attempts to deliver them. Three out of four of these failures arose from insufficient incorrect addresses and More than 10,000 were posted without any address at All. A a More than 20,000 letters now arrive daily in London bearing Only the name of the addressee with the simple addition of of these last i May say a considerable number will reach their destination because the names will be found in the trades commercial and a a court guide a lists the last comprising a Large proportion of the upper Middle class As also clergy ministers amp a. But others will be irrevocably seut to the lir bus literary in to Coin a phrase a a dead letter a office else sent Back after opening to the writers. There Are Many letters which come to a a London a which must drive the postmen almost to despair particularly if addressed to a a . Jones a a emr. Brown a and a a . Robinson a a emr. Smith family Are Eveh larger than that of Thompson otherwise called by the tormented Frenchman lodging in London knocked up so Quot often�?1tlmonsieur whole no. 483. . Punch once said that the greatest misfortune for a str Nger arriving on saturday night in London and without any Money in his pocket would be that of a Man who had an introductory letter to a a a a Smith but returning from this digression to the matter of letters let me close the statistical record by adding that for the distribution of this mass of correspondence the mails Are conveyed every week Day Oyer above 144,000 Miles namely 39,047 by railway 32,297 by mail coaches and mail carts 69,994 Miles on foot and 2,838 Miles by packets and boats. There was an increase in 1859 of 4,000 Miles of railway conveyance. The staff of officers in the British Isles is 25,192, of whom 11,298 Are postmasters and 11,880 carriers and messengers. The Gross Revenue of the Post office in 1860 was �3,267,662 from postage and �121,693 from commissions Money riders. £1,066,920 was disbursed in salaries and pensions. Nearly the whole net. Revenue was derived from inlaid letters. For the Sake of Trade and for political and other reasons it is considered necessary to carry on the foreign and colonial correspondence at a loss we Are told that if the a whole of the Cost were charged not Only would the sea postage be absorbed but the operation would show such a loss As amounted last year to �410,000. On each letter to the Cape of Good Hope there is a loss of about 9d. On each letter to the West indies a loss of is. On each 1 eater to the West coast of Africa a loss of about is. 8don each letter to the United states via Galway a bad Prospect for father Daly to get the port office contract made permanent a loss of about 6 of hymns. The origin of a hymn of any literary production is often the source of the highest interest. If we but knew the biography of the sacred songs which Are the favourites of the churches we might frequently see. At a glance the explanation of their Power and of the Strong hold they have upon the heart. As deep feeling m the orator kindles deep feeling in his bearers so the personal experience irrepressible emotion of the sacred poet poured Forth m the hymn perpetuates itself in the hearts of n ult tubes who feel its Powei though they think not of its source. The deep solemnity of the hymn. When rising from the bed of death. O a whelmed with guilt and e Rne beyond question from the circumstances in which Addison wrote it just As he was recovering from a dangerous sick. Ness in which he had gone to the very verge of eternity and looked Over upon its realities. And so that Beautiful and impressive hymn of Cowper a a god moves in a mysterious Way his wonders to perform a. Had its origin in the mysterious dealings of god with h s own spirit and in the Faith that in the darkest hour could say a a it will All yet be both these hymns were wrought out from the experience of their authors and thus clothed with their singular and wonderful Power to thousands to whom the names even of those authors were never known. other illustrations of the same general truth it is said that the Beautiful and touching lines re a i would not. Live away a. Were written just after the death of the Lovely and accomplished lady who was soon to have been the wife of its author and that it was when Cowper had taken Refuge from a terrific storm in a cottage that he penned the Saviour of my soul.�?�. We have lately met with the history of another hymn one of Wesley so that is Sung in every Quarter of the Globe and to ugly it originated rather in a locality than personal experience yet that locality was such As to give to a truth All the vividness of an experience and clothe its expression with a thrilling and Heartfelt Power. At lands end on the westernmost Point of England where a High and narrow Cliff of Granite stretches out into the Broad Atlantic while the boundless sea. Is on either Side the Bishop of Litchfield was told by his guide a Cornish Miner a it was Here that Wesley wrote his famous a a what hymn a asked the Bishop. Surprised at his ignorance the Man replied a a Why the hymn on the sixty first Page 1�?� As if All the world must of course know what that was. And the prelate was struck with the pertinence of the anecdote when he found it was the hymn beginning a a to on a narrow Neok of land. A twixt two unbounded seas i stand secure insensible. A Point of time a moments space. Re removes me heavenly place shuts me up in and so doubtless almost every striking and impressive hymn Lias its history which if known would reveal the secret of its popularity and Power Over the soul. Such hymns As a just As i am without one plea a a a Rise my soul and stretch thy wings a a Crook of Ages Cleft forme a a and Many others that might be mentioned each probably had something Peculiar in its origin clothing it with its Peculiar interest to Christian hearts and for every age. Would that All these histories might be searched and written Aud thus made permanent for the Church. Who will give us some of them a Boston recorder. Pulpit oratory. Rev. William Taylor in the a a Model preacher a dwells much upon the Power of a a surprises As a Means of gaining and keeping the attention of an audience. In the form of letters to a brother he writes after speaking of the difficulty of arresting attention a a you have 110 right to complain of their inattention and it will do no Good to scold them about it. It is your business to arrest the Knock their thoughts and reveries into Jot and sweeping them away insert your theme into their minds and hearts. To do this you must Wake them up stir the sympathies of their souls and thrill them by All sorts of unanticipated he further shows this a a Surprise Power is abundantly used in a a nature Providence and inspired word a and illustrates its appropriate use,.by instances from common life. His suggestions on this Point Are original and striking. A remedy is Here proposed for a wide spread evil. The eccentric preacher carries out this plan to extremes but he wins attention. Others his errors should learn Wisdom by his Success in this respect. A Good conversationalist will vary both his matter and manner and when he finds his Friend wearying of one. Subject he will adroitly turn the conversation into a new Channel but the preacher talks on and. On in the same unvarying Strain though his congregation Quot Yawn and sleep no pleasant turns nor unexpected openings into fresh Fields of Beauty add of Wisdom. Where is the use of preaching when the. People Donot hear ? if the truth is important they ought to. Hear word and if the fault is the minister great is his responsibility 1 when preaching no longer interests a but Only t&3 Presb Fatih Mam a Rerego Sofri re publication office Gazette buildings 84 fifth st., a. South West cos. Of 7�h and Cheshut advertisements. 1n adva Nob. A Square 8 hues less one insertion 60 Coots each subsequent insertion 40 cents each line beyond eight 6 do a a Square per Quarter $4.00 each use additional 33 Cento a reduction made to advertisers by the year. Business notices of ten lines less $1.00 cd amp additional line 10 cents. David my Kinney amp co., Daofei Stobs and pub shebs. Palls it is thine that the Sermon should to brought to a speedy close. When thought and expression have both received due attention it remains that the manner of delivery should be a subject of the utmost care. A a the basis of delivery in preaching should be a dignified and Earnest conversational if Mefi speak As they would talk to us we listen with interest but in the wide Range of truth to be used by a preacher of and the manifold varieties of form in which it exists there is much to Call for the exercise of the highest Art in order to present truth most effectually. A a sometimes men will Tell us a says a writer before quoted a a that they prefer a natural and artless eloquence and that very diligent preparation is inconsistent with such qualities. We verily believe that this fallacy though it lurks under an almost transparent ambiguity is of most prejudicial consequence. Nature and Art so far from being always opposed Are often the very same thing. It is natural for a Man who feels that he has not Given adequate expression to a thought though he May have used the first words suggested to attempt it again and again. He each times approximates nearer to the Mark and at length resists satisfied either that he has done what he wishes that he cannot perfectly do it As the Case May be. A writer with this end is continually transposing clauses reconstructing sentences striking out one word and putting in another. All this May be said to be Art the deliberate application of Means. Ends but is it Art inconsistent with nature ? it is just such Art As this that we ask of the preacher and no other simply that he shall1 take diligent head to do what he has to do As Well As he can. Let him depend upon it that no such Art As this will Ever make him appear the less we think archbishop Whately in his admirable treatise on rhetoric has inclined too much toward discouraging a proper attention to preparation for Public speaking. After comparing the natural and artificial methods of Reading and speaking and very properly deciding in favor of the former he thus writes a a the practical Rule then to be adopted in conformity with the principles Here maintained is not Only to pay no studied attention to the voice but studiously to withdraw the thoughts from it and to dwell As intently As possible on the sense trusting to nature to suggest spontaneously the proper emphasis and this is. A different conclusion from what we arrive at by hearing of Demosthenes in a Cave by the sea Side declaiming with pebbles in his Mouth add of some of our most eminent orators gesticulating before the Mirror. Unless Public speaking be an exception to most desirable accomplishments excellence therein must be attained through Effort and cultivation. A but this will make the speaker no More than the careful training of the Mechanic will make him an unnatural Workman if it is properly done. Are Young speakers always natural ? witness the exhibition performance of Young men in seminaries the a a commencement exercises of a College what stiffness and restraint what awkwardness of gesture and Monotony of voice 1 How Many do we know who who might have been eminently acceptable and useful in the ministry but for some grievous defects in delivery. One has affectation in manner another utters his sentences in a sing song style another one storms from beginning to close no matter what the character of the thoughts he is expressing while a fourth is void of that life and Energy the natural Index of feeling which alone could gain the sympathy of his hearers. Mueh attention could he profitably bestowed upon the Early correction of those faults to which speakers and especially preachers Are liable. It will by acknowledged that a ministers usefulness May be crippled if not destroyed by certain external defects witnessed in his ministrations. And if these defects can be remedied who will say that undying usefulness is not sufficient motive for making the Effort ? to be inexperienced and to be natural Are two different things the Young eagles of the nest untaught to soar have to la Arn the Art by slow degrees their first attempts Are failures the Parent Eagle soars with a Grace that is natural perfected Powers. The babe. Who attempts to walk and the Man who1 does walk both follow nature and the latter is none the less natural because Art has been employed in his Case. Yet we Are told that men May become perfect orators without the use of Art. A a docs not the Little child naturally and forcibly describe the occurrences of its daily life a Aye but the inexperienced Public speaker has neither the advantage of theme circumstances to make his Case a parallel one. The great aim of his efforts should be to gain amid All the disadvantages of his new position the simplicity and artless Power of a Little Chris. Advocate and journal lame and faille. Two beggars lame and Lazy were in want of bread. One leaned on his Crutch the other reclined on his Couch. Lame called on Charity and humbly asked for a Cracker. Instead of a Cracker he received a whole seeing the gift of Charity exclaimed a what ask a Cracker and receive a loaf Well i will ask for a loaf and i shall expect a Load of bread if i ask a biscuit she will give me a Batch of Lazy now applied to Charity and called for a1 loaf of bread. A a your demanding a loaf a said Charity a a proves you a Loafer. You Are of that class and character who ask and receive not you ask Lazy who always found fault not Fortune and had rather whine than work complained of ill treatment and even accused Charity of a breach of an exceedingly great and precious Promise ask and you1 shall receive. Charity pointed him to a painting in her room which presented to his vision three personages Faith Hope and Charity. Charity appeared fairer and larger than Hep Sisters. He noticed her right hand held a pot of Honey which fed a Bee disabled having lost its wings. Her left hand was armed with a whip to keep off the drones. Done to understand it a said Lazy. Charity replied a a it Means that Charity feeds the lame and flogs the Lazy turned to go. A a Stop a said Charity a a instead of Coin twill give you counsel do not go and Quot live on your poor Mother fori will Send you a Rich ant.�?�,a Rich ant a echoed Lazy. A a whey shall i find her ? a a you will find her in proverbs 6th chapter and 6th verse. 1. Pfow Long May it take a Man to embrace Christ As his Saviour ? As Long As it takes a drowning Man to Lei go a Straw and Lay hold of an offered Ropp. A. \ i a a it it a a True goodness. Shi yes most when no eyes except that of heaven Are upon it

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