Pittsburgh Presbyterian Banner and Advocate (Newspaper) - December 18, 1858, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by ump i t�1� Yii wa�13� i Pfell Luvill adv my to Vii 2xi� lot 8 Ione thing is needful a a one thing Hap i desired of the lord a Quot this one thing i mid Mckinney motor and proprietor. Whole no. 895publication office Gazette building fifth Street &.b0ve Smithfield Pittsburgh a. Philadelphia South West Corner of seventh and Chestnut streets. Rebm8.-nr the Aveese dig saturday december 18, 1858. By Kail or at tuft Offlee. Tl.50 Nar vent i delivered in the City 1,75 a a a Ltd see prospectus Fri Ala psalm of Isaiah 1. O i my my Saviour and my King my faithful Shepherd constant Friend j to thee my song of p raise i bring the grateful knee to thee i Bend. Though Long thine anger fiercely burned and Long thy face was hid. From me 0, sweetest Grace thy Wrath is turned. And now thy presence comforts me. 2. Behold t the lord my Saviour is a Jei Zovah is my strength and song my fears henceforth will i dismiss and Trust the love in be proved so Strong. 8. Henceforth with Joy my thirsty soul shall draw salvation from those Wells whose living Waters pure and Cool cleanse All my guilt sooth All mine ills. 4. 0, join with me to Praise the lord his deeds through All the Earth proclaim and that his Power May to adored make mention of his glorious name 1 6. Sing to the lord be nations sing i great things and wondrous hath he done let ail the Earth Hie praises ring far All the Earth his works hath known 1 g. Sing to the lord be ransomed throng that dwelt on Zions stored Hill 1 the grateful Melody prolong a till Earth and he Avo his praises fill sing to the lord the living god the holy one of Israel who makes our Zion his abode and in her midst shall Ever dwell # is Tanh chapter Xii. Steubenville Ohio prom our Loudon correspondent. The Bishop of London a visitation the charge to the clergy its leading topics extent of the diocese Church rates ritualistic practices the confessional justification by Faith the tercentenary of protestantism the Bishop of Ripon on the social blessings of the reformation a the presbytery of London and its action the dissenters and their silence a Quaker revolution the evangelization of London a lord Brougham and the religious press memorial to lord Derby on India the a a funny pulpit a a or. Spurgeon s recovery postscript. London november 18th, 1858. The primary charge of the Bishop of London has excited this week much Public interest. I went to the Cathedral of st. Paul a and found some episcopal clerical friends there to give me a seat on one of the chairs Sot apart for the metropolitan presbyters and was doubtless regarded by All the clergy around me As one of the a a clergy a of the diocese. If so this was a mistake but thinking of Jho Apat Moity at presbyterian ordination i ventured to think that i was As really and truly a presbyter As any of them. The Bishops charge was delivered under the mighty Dame in the vast area of the Nave which has just been fitted up most admirably and comfortably for the intending Sabbath evening sermons to the working of losses. The usual Mode has been for the Bishop to address the clergy in the choir of the Natl Edral in batches so to speak for four or five Days in succession Reading to them the same charge. But on this occasion the Bishop summoned and addressed the whole of the clergy of his diocese at once and there were at least one thousand present including rectors vicars and curates not to speak of canons and Preben Daries connected with the Cathedral itself. The Bishop walked up the Church followed by his chaplains and a body of the clergy. Immediately after they were seated the Litany was gone through two preteen tors intoning it and the Organ choristers and the Assembly including a Large background of laity male and female giving the responses. Several collects and forms of prayer were added but the whole service did not occupy More than half an hour. Or. Tait entered the temporary desk and after a Short prayer proceeded at once to the delivery of his charge. It was a most elaborate document and comprehensive also As Well As weighty and impressive. Its delivery occupied not less than four hours. He commenced by noticing the fact that tbs Day on which he spake 17th november was the 300th anniversary of the accession of Queen Elizabeth and of the constr Juenst cessation of Romish persecution and of the establishment of the protestant religion in England. He next passed a Eulogius on his predecessor Bishop Blom Field especially in his having consecrated one Hundred and ninety eight churches of the building of which for the mates he had been the. Chief promoter. He adverted in this part of the charge to the vast population in the diocese of London. It comprises the East North and West Side of the thames and of the Metropolis. The Bishop of Winchester is diocesan on the Surrey and Southern Side of the River this area with jural suburban parishes comprises a population of about two millions four Hundred thousand souls. Of these a Large proportion frequent no place of worship whatever. The Bishop referred to the vexed ques Tion of Church rates and the probability of a settlement of it next session of parliament. The great lesson which these secular matters taught was that the Days were gone by when the Church of England would look to be propped up by the adventitious Aid of see Lar authority if it was not True to its Mission and its great head. A above All things it is important for us to remember that our strength is not in the temporal but the spiritual a Quot on ritualistic observances the Bishop spoke out fully and strongly. This part a of the charge was listened to with great inter est. On the one hand be depreciated the a a morose puritanism a which ignored All architectural Beauty in Oburgh architecture and the bringing in of Minsio the most solemnly Beautiful into the service of the House of the lord. But if any Many a love of the Beautiful leads him to think More of Good singing than of faithful preaching or if he resolutely insist on Bis own views his Zeal proceeds to a dangerous extreme. Then As. To womanizing practices it was m asked a a Why should any Clergyman make his Oburgh such that a common Man placed suddenly within it would not to say whether he was in a Church of England or in a Romish place of worship 1 excessive Floral decorations and continual bowings and genuflect ions and candles lighted in Broad Day and Peculiar scarfs and vestments and the other mimicry of the outside Quot a of Rome May be acceptable to a few of the laity but the mass of religious persons h among common sense englishmen look upon such things As Folly at the Best. A a the great body of the educated cannot endure them because they Are trifling with holy worship and in miserable taste while the common sort of the Well disposed and religious Are not Only irritated by them but tendered in spilious not without ground that something really dangerous lurks be your readers can conceive How the evangelical clergy looked smiling and nodding at one another at Sueh Pithy passages As these and How the to rotarians would look Blok As Erebus. I saw Only a few in the Cut of whose dress and in the the Middle of whose hair As Well As that priestly aspect of the face which Trao arianism gives whom i could identify As of the party. The mass of faces were of the Bonest open English Type. Some of these Trao tarian Gentry had to. Hand in last week with others their papers proving their titles to their parishes or incumbency is. One of these i have it on Good clerical authority a notorious trac tarian near Oxford Street came no to the Bishop who said a emr. A i am told you have candles burning on the communion table during divine a yes my a a Are you aware sir that it is illegal a after a pause a a yes my a you will remove them then a a yes my lord a the influence of these priests Over women is greatly to be deplored. I know a lady the widow of a presbyterian and a Scotchman born herself in the English Church who settled after her husbands death near a tract Arian Church in the North West of London. She is now a devotee spent last Christmas Large sums for Floral decorations for a a the altar a and though left Well off is actually embarrassed in by her excessive gifts. When her son was lately ill of fever her residence is next door to the Church the clergy and people offered prayer in front of the House for his recovery. Thus the whole family is being perverted. The exaggerated idea of the authority of the presbyter in the Bishops opinion find3 its full development in the attempt to set no the confessional. He dwelt with great Power on the silence of the Church of England form Laries As compared with those of Rome in treating of systematic confession. Here he read extracts from the tridentine catechism in the original latin. Never have i heard latin read so Well and so distinctly. It was hardly possible for any one who knew the language moderately Well not to be Able to follow the meaning. He also showed the marked difference Between the first prayer Book of Edward al 1549, and the revised prayer Book of 1552. He also quoted from the Book of homilies the famous passage in which on the text a confess your faults one to another a it is distinctly said that a if this binds the laity to confess to the clergy it equally binds the clergy to confess to the laity a showing that the reformers did not believe in the priestly and absorbing Power of the presbyter. The danger now is a lest a Mode of teaching should gain ground which will exalt the sacraments into superstitious charms and would make the clergy spiritual despots Over the a a depend upon it that real Faith in the lord Jesus Christ such As our Church teaches is the effectual cause of the souls salvation is not strengthened by teaching our people thus to lean on the unauthorized mediation of that the Bishop thus holds justification by Faith Only a the Arl Eulus Stantis Vel cadent is Eccles inc a is very satisfactory. He seems to me however too ready to recognize the piety and soundness of Faith in the main of the Roma oilers. This is the weakness of his position As a consistent Bishop of a a a compromised Church. The evangelicals As a body do not go with him Here and his attempts to fuse the parties together will necessarily fail. I must leave other Parte of the charge unnoticed for the present. The tercentenary of the reformation on the 17th november has been celebrated in different parishes and districts both metropolitan and country. Or. Hugh Mcneil preached very eloquently on the subject before the lord mayor sheriffs and the officers and pupils of King Edwards school in Christ Church Newgate Street while or Trench preached at West Minster Abbey. Or. Camping also gave two son the subject. A the Bishop of Ripon the previous evening opened the Winter series of lectures in Exeter Hall before the Young menus Christian association by. A stirring address on a a the social blessings of the the results which flowed from it he said were three told political social and religious. A there is not an inhabitant of the kingdom who does not at this hour reap Benefit directly or indirectly from the reformation not a nolo not a peasant not a Rotean Catholic not a Churchman or a dissenter who was not Freer and happier than he would have been had not the great conflict of the sixteenth Century issued in the downfall of the papal domination in this this statement was received with great enthusiasm. The Bishop also quoted the Duke of Wellington to the same effect who said in 1844, a not Only our whole system of religion hut of toleration depended on the in enumerating the a a social benefits a the first mentioned was the deliverance of the country from that tyranny of the papacy which had by its bulls Cade monarchs tremble on their thrones and plunge whole nations Injo cof Sion and anarchy. The effects of a papal interdict As described by Hume were Here quoted with great effect. Another social Benefit was deliverance from the terrors of excommunication a exercised on a superstitious and priest Ridden population. Deliverance also from obligation to cd Gage in foreign wars to further papal designs from the Power of Rome to present to vacant Benefices from Tho enormous expenses from appeals to the Pope in judicial eases the suppression of Monas teries containing fifty thousand Idle persons preying on the people in the reign of Henry Viii Ell these were among the negative yet important benefits of the Reforma Tion. Quot. Bat the benefits of a positive kind were immense. The human intellect was Disen chained and the diffusion of philosophy and science were not to be forgotten. Here the Bishop quoted a powerful passage from Rob Ert Hall s writings adding that had that great Man lived now and have seen the astonishing mental activity that prevailed and the Rich results of the last Twenty five years it would have put his imagination and eloquence. To. The test to depict their glory. Again to the reformation was to be attributed the Elevation of Public morality. Before the reformation the clergy were dissolute in their lives and the people very wicked. Seventy two thousand thieves were executed in one Bishop of Ripon concluded by a do enunciation of the confessional and of the attempts recently made to us protestant time England. The religious conflict of the Day turned on the question a shall we cling tenaciously to the principles of the reformation or one by one shall we surrender those principles till at length the distinction Between the two Breeds is lot and protestant England faithless to the Reforma Tion is folded again into the embrace of the papacy a this Well timed lecture was received with great enthusiasm and was worthy of the Nephew of the lamented Edward Bicker Steth. The manifold testimony this week lifted up on behalf of the reformation throughout the country is most providentially seasonable and i Trust and believe will be crowned with a Blessing. The presbyterians of London have had a demonstration of. Their own in commemoration of Elizabeth s accession. It was agreed that a Public meeting should be held in one of our churches in the West end. Or. Mocrie read a paper on a Zelizi Heth and the reformation Quot and or. Hamilton and other members of the presbytery addressed the Assembly. Of course the presbytery knew Well and did not hesitate to condemn the act that Elizabeth persecuted the puritans Bat looking at the death of bloody Mary in connexion with the inauguration of a new Era in England a history they expressed their thankfulness to god accordingly. Even Neale the Puritan historian acknowledges How greatly the country was indebted to Elizabeth. She was the firm supporter of the protestant lords of the congregation in Scotland against Mary of Guise and the designs of prance and the foreign protestants also shared in her practical sympathy and support. The destruction of the Spanish Armada in her reign makes that reign immortal to All haters of spiritual despotism the dissenters,.dsabody, have Noi joined in this commemoration i a though a Strong Appeal was made to them by sir culling Eardley. There were however a number of the general statement which i have made and it is not to be supposed that the English nonconformists do not love the principles of the reformation because of their silence on this occasion. The truth is that while the puritanism of the Church of England now furnishes the party which commemorates Elizabeth a accession she was the persecutor of the Puritan clergy. Nay she suspended an archbishop who favored the a a prophesying a of the clergy meetings for the study of the scriptures and she declared that one preacher was enough for a whole county turning to a very quiet body of people the quakers it May not be uninteresting to pennsylvanians to be informed that a conference of three Hundred of the members has been held in London a which it has been agreed so far to Section marriages Between individuals of the Community though not in membership As to allow them to take place in religious meetings. Besides this All restrictions in regard to what is called plainness of speech behaviour and apparel May also be discontinued but confirming its ancient testimony in favor of Christian moderation in these matters. It is ,.thus that the society of friends finds it need scary to yield to the spirit of the age and is undergoing a gradual revolution. The diminution of the numbers of this excellent body of citizens is considerable and a very Large number of essays have been sent in in connexion with the prizes offered for the Best solution of the causes which have arrested the Progress of quakerism in evangelization of London occupies the increasing attention of protestant nonconformists. The idea of individual responsibility is beginning to be solemnly realized. A a a contribution a said s. Mor Ley esq., at a recent meeting a a toward the support of a City missionary would not compound for individual neglect and free a Man from responsibility. If a Man or woman could not go beyond the household to Call persons work at Home might he found among Domestic the importance of bringing individual Effort to hear on Young men in warehouses and upon the working men was also dwelt upon. This very week a conference has been held at Birmingham As to the Best Mode of spiritual Access to the males of the working classes. ? the religious press has been harshly Ani adverted on by lord Brougham and in return lie has received such severe handling from or. Campbell of the British Standard that he lord referred to the matter a second time in the Way of self justification. He made no answer to the just accusation that he had once affirmed before the Sta Dente of Glasgow that a. Man was no More responsible for his belief than for the color of his skin or the height of his stature. Once on a time he had presented the socialist Robert Owen to the Queen that he does not deny but he a Only Intro due a him As the father of Tofant schools a and lie lord a had nothing to do with Owens a opinions 11 at the same time lie takes occasion to be spatter with Praise the Bishop of Oxford and with abuse those who hissed him at Bradford. A the real truth of the matter is that lord Brougham was always a secularist even in his philanthropy hates evangelism and has no. Sympathy i fear with Bible Chris Tia nity. This is much to be fresh memorial on India has been presented to to d Derby and a meeting at Bioh the Dike of Argyle presided has been held at Edinburgh urging on the government the adoption of the Christian policy suggested and amp of located by sir John Law rence. A a. The a a fun a pulpit a As it has been called has a fresh Winter Campaign. Thus al a. Mursell has lectured at Manchester last two sabbaths of a stand at eashj�?T.�?T. And a a lodgings to this is going a Fite far enough out of the beaten track. Till greater flippancy is shown in the Lyle of lectures at Huddersfield a a breath do Promise a and at Halifax where a Rev. Or Walters has taken As subjects a a love a l ibor a list a and a Light of other Days a a is recovering from his Shel in the Surry music Lay on the text fat Hough of if need he be Are in heaviness through manifold temptations. There is a Fine mar filthy conservatism about his mind Shioli of the True Saxon style and better still alas fullness of the gospel is Gray Ped and Prev snied by him. Jew. P. trial is Pond till the 24thrinsfc. Lords Palmerston and Clarendon Are on a visit to the Emp ofor at comping be for four Days. He cultivates the society of a ministers not a hewing but that some Day they May be in Olee again. Or. Sorgi illness and pre Hall last lords now for a Seifi Post in a a a a presidents message. Fellow citizens of a. of representatives when we compare tiie condition of the country at the present Day with what it was one year ago at the meeting Figon Gresso we Hare much reason for gratitude that almighty Providence which has never Maffed to interpose for our Relief at the most Chical periods of our history. One year ago the clonal strife Between the North and South of the dangerous subject of slavery had again Fie iome so intense As to threaten the peace and perpetuity of the confederacy. The application ,admission of Kansas As a state into the Union fostered this unhappy agitation and Brough fib the whole subject once More before co Greag it was the desire of every Patriot that such measures of legislation might be adopted add would remove the excitement from the Stater and confine it to Tho territory where it legitimately belonged. Much has been done i amid Happy to say towards the accomplishment object during Tho last session of Congress spans As. It the the United slates had previously decided. A Tjit All american citizens have an equal r get Tatakes mid the territories whatever is held As a a Jef Toberty under the Laws of any of Tho slates ajl to hold such property there under the guardianship of Tho federa Lcou Slit ution. So Long adage Tempo a Iak condition shall remain. #3 _. Tins is now a position and the proceedings of the last session were alone wanting to give it Pra Jacal effect Tho principle has ? in some form Orother. By an almost Namm a vote of both houses of Congress that a lows Way 1rae& right Fot Ooms a into the Union either As a free or a slave state according to the will of its Popio. The just Equality of All the states has been thus Vindisar Ted. And a fruitful source of dangerous dissensions among them has been removed. Whilst such has been the beneficial tendency of your legislative proceedings outside of Kan Sas their influence has nowhere been so Happy As within that territory itself left to manage and control its own affairs in its own Way. Without the pressure of external influence the revolutionary Topeka organization and All resistance to the territorial government established by con Gross have been finally abandoned. As a natural consequence that Fine territory now appears to be tranquil and prosperous and is attracting of immigrants to make it their Happy Home. 3 he past unfortunate experience of Kansas has enforced the lesson so often already taught that resistance to lawful authority under our form of government cannot fail in the end to prove disastrous to us authors. Had the people of the territory yielded obedience to the Laws enacted by their legislature. It would at Tho present moment have contained a Large additional population of industrious and enterprising citizens who have been deterred from entering its Borders by the existence of civil strife and organized rebellion. It was the resistance to rightful authority and the persevering attempts to. Establish a revolutionary government under the Topeka Constitution which caused the Kansas to commit the grave error of refusing to vote for delegates to the convention to Frame a Constitution under a Law not denied to be fair and just m its provisions. This refusal to vote has been the prolific source of All the evils which have followed. In their hostility to the territorial govern ment. They disregarded the principle absolutely essential to Tho working of our form of government. That a majority of those who vote not the majority who May remain at Home from whatever cause must decide the result of an election. For this reason seeking to Lake advantage of their own error they denied the authority of the convention thus elected to Frame a Constitution 7 a a the convention. Notwithstanding proceeded to adopt a Constitution unexceptionable in its general features and. Providing for the end Mission of the by amp very question to a vote of the people which m my opinion they were bound Imper the it Kensus and Dobruska act. A this was Tiro All important question which had alone Convol cd Tho territory and yet the opponents of the awl i government persisting in their first error refer med from Execl ing their right to vote. And preferred that slavery should continue. Ratites than ans Onder their revolutionary Topeka organization. A Wiser and better in lab seemed to prevail before the first Slon Dampf january last Whelan election was hold in Der the Constitution. A majority of the people then voted for a governor and other state officers. For a Jne Morrof Congress and members of the state legislature. This election was warmly contested by the two political parties in Kansas Anda greater vote was polled than Tan pro Iyoub election. A Large or Jority of Trio members of the legislature elect belonged to that party which had previous. By ofus cd to vote. The anti slavery party Woro thus placed in the ascendant and the political Power of Tho state was a their own hands. Had Congress admitted Kausas into the Union under the Lecompton Conati ution. Tho legislature might at its very first session have submitted Tho question to Azote of the people whether they Wou tor Woald not have a convention to Amend their. Constitution or any. Other question and have adopted ail necessary moans for giving speedy effect to the will of the majority. Thus Tho Kansas question would have been immediately and finally settled. Under these circumstances i submitted to Congress the Constitution this framed with All the officers al Rudy elect. De necessary the state government into operation accompanied by a Strong. Recommendation in favor of the admission of Kansas As a stale to the source of my Long Public life l hive never performed any official act which m the retrospect has afforded me More Heartfelt satisfaction. Its admission could have inflicted no possible injury on any human being whilst it would within n Brief period. Have restored Poco to Kansas and Harmony to Tho Union. In that slavery no Tiou would Ere tins have been finally settled according to the legally expressed will of a. Majority of to voters. And popular sovereignty would thus have been vindicated m a constitute tonne manner. 1 with my deep convictions of duty i could have pursued no other course. It is True. That Asan individual. I Lead expressed Oil opinion both before and during the session of the convention m favor of submitting Iho remaining clauses of the Constitution As Well is that concerning slavery to the people but. Acting As an official character u Ither myself nor any human authority had the Power to to Jiulio Trio of the convention and declare the Constitution Sincli it had framed of a nullity. To have done this would have been a violation of the Pausas and Nebraska or Winch left t lie of Tho territory por Lestly Freo to form and regulate their Domestici Stillions in their own Way. Subject Only to1 the Constitution of the United it would equally have violated Tho Grout principle of popular sovereignty at the foundation of our institutions,-.to deprive the Popio of the Power if they thought proper to exorcise Ito to delegates elected by themselves thu Trust of framing a Konsti Tirion. Without requiring them to subject their constituents to the trouble expense and delay of a tec and election. It would have Boon in oppose inn to Many precedents in our history com Vuc aug in tits very Best nge of the Republic of the admission of territories an states into the Tuioti without a previous vote of the people approx my tin in Constitution. It is to be lamented that a Quesi Ioa so insignificant when viewed in its practical effects on the people of Kansas whether decided one Way or the other should have kindled such a flame of excitement throughout tue of Unity. This reflection May prove to be a lesson of Wisdom and of warning for our future guidance. Practically considered the question is simply whether the people of that territory should first come into the Union and then change any provision in their Constitution not agreeable to themselves or accomplish the very same object by remaining out of the Union and framing another Constitution in accordance with their will in either Case Tho result would be precisely the same. The Only difference in Point of fact is that the object would have been much sooner attained and the Paoi fixation of Kansas More speedily effected. Had it been admitted in a a. State during the last session of Congress. My recommendation however for the immediate admission of Kansas failed to meet he approbation of Congress. They deemed it Wiser to adopt a different measure for the settlement of the question. For my ova part i should have been willing to.,yield my assent to almost any constitutional Quot measure to accomplish this object. A therefore cordially acquiesced in what the. English Compromise and approved the for. The admission of the state of Kansas into the Union upon the terms therein prescribed. Under the ordinance which accompanied the Lecomp ton Constitution the people of Kansas had claimed doable the Quant to a Public lands for the support of common schools which have Ever been previously granted to any Stato upon entering the Union and also Tho Altoona to sections of land for twelve Miles on each Side of two Rali roads proposed to be constructed from the Northern to the Southern Boundary and from the Oestern to the Western Boundary of the state. Uon Grecs deeming these claims unreasonable provided by Tho act of May 4, 1858, to which i have just referred for the admission of the state on footing with the original states hut a a upon the fundamental condition precedent that a majority of a the people thereof at an be held for that purpose should in the place of Tho very Large Grants of pub-11c lands which they had demanded under the Ordin onco accept Sulci Grants Ashad been made to Minnesota and other now states. Under this aet should a maj pity reject the proposition offered them a it Shail be deemed and held that Theeo Leof Kansas do not desire admission into Theun Lon with said Constitution under the conditions Sot Forth in said proposition la that event Tho act authorizes the people of the territory to elect delegates to form a Constitution and state government for themselves a whenever and not before it is ascertained Bya census duly and legally taken the amp the population of said territory equals or exceeds Tho ratio of to presentation required for a member of the House of representatives of the Congress of the. United tie delegates thus assembled a shall first determine by a Voto whether it is the wish o f the people of Lii proposed state to be admitted into the Union at that time and if so shall proceed to form a Constitution and take All necessary Steps for the establishment of a state government m conformity with the Federal after this Constitution shall have been formed Congress carrying out the principles of popular sovereignty and non intervention have left the a Mode and manner of its approval or ratification by the people of the proposed be a prescribed by Law a and they �?oshall1 then be Theu Moorasa Stato under such Constitution thus fairly and legally made with or without slavery a said Constitution May prescribed to Quot a. A an election was held throughout Kansas in pursuance of the provisions of this not on the second Day. Of August last and it resulted in the rejection by a Large majority of the1 proposition submitted to the people by Congress. This being the Case they Are authorised to form another Constitution preparatory to admission into the Union but not until their number As ascertained by a census shall equal exceed the ratio require to. Eleola a member to the House of representatives. It is not probable. In the present state of the cases that a third a Constitution can be lawfully framed Aud presented to congress1 by a Obs shall have reached the designated number nor is it to be presumed that sad experience in resisting the Terri Nal Laws they will attempt to adopt a Constitution in express violation of the provisions of an act of Congress. During Tho session of 18-56.�?� Quot much of the time of Congress was occupied on the question of admitting Kansas under the to Peka Constitution. Again nearly the whole of the Jagt Tessin was do voted Date question Oft Ilen i missis Amin Dorly to Loo Ompton constr tue ton. Surely it is not unreasonable to require the people of Kansas to wait before Maming a third attempt until the number of their inhabitants shall amount the ninety three thousand four Hundred and Twenty during this Brief period the Harmony of the Stales As Well As the great business interests of the country demand that the Union shall Norfor a third time be convulsed by another agitation on the Kansas. by waiting for a Short time and acting in obedience to Law. Kansas will Glide into Tho Union without the slightest impediment. New states. A this excellent provision which Congress have applied to Kansas ought to be extended and rendered applicable to All territories which May hereafter seek admission into the Union. Whilst Congress possesses the undoubted Power of and million a new slate into the Union however Small maybe the number of inhabitants yet this Power ought not in my opinion to to exercised before the population shall amount to the ratio required by to act for the admission of Kansas. Had this been previously the Rule the country would have escaped All the evils Aud misfortunes to which it hag been exposed by the Kansas question. Of course it would be unjust to give this Rule a retrospective application and exclude a state which acting upon the past practice of the government has already formed its Constitution elected its legislature and other officers and is no prepared to eater the Union the Rule ought to to adopted whether we consider its bearing on the people of the Terri al ories or upon the people of the existing states. Many of the serious dissensions which have prevailed in Congress and throughout Tho of Unity would have been avoided had this Rule been established at an earlier period of the govern ment. Immediately upon Tho formation of a new territory people from different Stales and from foreign countries Rush into it. For the laudable purpose of improving their condition. Their first duty to themselves is to open Aud cultivate farms to construct roads to establish schools to erect Placos of religious worship. And to devote their energies generally to reclaim the wilderness and to Lay the foundations of a flourishing and prosperous Commonwealth if in this incipient condition with a population of a few thousand they should prematurely enter the Union they Are oppressed by the Burden of state taxation and the Means necessary for. The improvement of the territory and the Advance ment of their own interests Are thus diverted to very different in probes. The Fedora Yovor smelt has Ever Parent to a to territories and a be Nornes Tho a Soful on to rinses of to Early settlers. It has paid the expenses of Ali or governments and legislative assemblies out of Ilio common Treasury Aud Tylius relieved them from a heavy charge. Under those circumstances nothing can to better calculated to retard to Weir. Material Progress than to divert them from their useful employ Mots by prematurely exciting angry political contests among themselves for the Ladois. It is surely no hardship for embryo governors senators and members of Congress to thanum bar of inhabitants shall equal those of a single congressional District. They Eurey ought not to be permitted to Rush. Into Tho Union with a population less than one half or several of the Largo counties in the Interior of some of the Statos this was Tho condition of Kansas when it made application to be admitted under to Topeka resides it requires some time to Render he mass of a popu Luis us collected in a new territory at All homogeneous and to Toile them on any Biog like a fixed policy. Est Salisb the Rute and All will look Forward to it and govern them Fly cords by a unt Justice to the Popio or Trio several Stales requires that this Rule should to established by Congress. Should the people of the Beatea fall to Electa Vico president this Power devolves upon the Striate to select this of ulcer from the two Higholt candidates on shelist. Lucas eos Tho death of the l r i8ldeut. The vice president thus elected by Tho Cen note becomes president of the United states. On All questions of legislation the senators from the smallest states of the Union have air equal vote with those from Tho largest the same May he said m regard to the ratification of treaties and of executive appointments. All this has worked admirably m practice whilst it conforms in principle with the character of a government instituted by Sovereign slates. I pros me no american citizen would desire the slightest change in the arrangement. Still is it not Uris unit and unequal to the existing states to invest some forty or fifty thousand to pie collected into a territory with the at tributes of sovereignty and place them on an equal looting with Virginia and new York in the Senato of the muted. States. ,. A. A. For these reasons i earnestly recommend the passage of a general net which shall provide that upon the application of a territorial legislature declaring their belief that the territory contains number of inhabitants which if in a state., would entitle them to elect a member of Congress it shall be a Tho duty of to president to cause a census of. The inhabitants taken and if found sufficient then by Trio terms of this act to authorize them to proceed a in their own Way to Framo a state Constitution preparatory to admission into the also recommend that an appropriation , to enable the president to take a census of Tho Popio of Kansas. A a. A a a a. .Utah.,. _ the present condition of the territory of Utah with what it was one year a go is a subject for congratulation. It was then in a state of open rebellion Aud Cost what it might the character of Tho government required that this rebellion should to suppressed and the mormons compelled to yield obedience to the Constitution and the Laws. In order to Loco Inglish this object and As i inform cd you in my last annual message i. Appointed a new governor instead of Brigham Young and other a a Federal officers to take the Placo who consulting their personal safety a d found it necessary to withdraw from. The territory. To protect these civil officers and to Aid them As Tup Ossa cont Tatus in Tho execution of Tho Laws in base of heed i ordered a detachment of the army to accompany. Them to Utah. The necessity for adopting these measures is now demonstrated. On the lamp in 8optcmber,-1857, governor Young issued his Priolau Guiod in the style of and Independent Sovereign announcing Hie purpose to resist by Foroe of arms the entry of. The United Stales troops into our own territory of Utah. By this he required All the forces in the a Terri tory to a hold themselves in readiness to Anarch a at a. To Mecle a notice to repel any. And All so ooh it invasion a and established. Martial Law from its Date throughout the Terril these proved to be no Idle threats forts Bridger an d Supply wore vacated and Burnt Down by the mormons to deprive our troops of a shelter after their Long and fatiguing March. Orders were issued by Daniel h. Wells styling himself a lieutenant general legion a to Stampede the animals of the United stale s troops on their March to set fire to their trains to barn the grass a rid the whole country before them Aud on their flunks to keep them front sleeping by night surprises and to blockade the Road by Felling treed and destroying ithe Fords of Rivers amp a&c., amp a. These orders were promptly and effectually Quot obeyed. On the 4th october 1857, the mormons captured and burned of Green River three of ouf Supply trains consisting of seventy five wagons loaded Quot with provisions and tents for the army and carried away so Vera Hundred animals. This diminished the Supply of provisions that general Johnston was obliged to reduce the ration and even with this put eos Utis Yah there was until the first of june. A w a our Little army behaved admirably in the sir Fen. Camp ment at Forl Bridger under these a trying privations. In the midst of the mountains in a dreary unsettled and inhospitable Region More than a thousand mites from a Home they passed the Severo and inclement Winter without a murmur. They looked Forward with Confidence for Relief from their country in due season and in were not disappointed. J a to Secretary of War a a a a played All his energies to Forward them the necessary supplies Muster and Send such a miliary Forceno Utah As would Render resistance on Tho part of the mormons hopeless Aud thus terminate the War without the effusion of blood. In his efforts to was efficiently sustained by Congress. They granted appropriation so sufficient of cover the deficiency thus necessarily created and also provided for raising two regiments of volunteers for the purpose of quelling disturbances in Tho to a Mitory of Utah for the Protection of Supply and Emigrant trams and the suppression of Indian Hostilio ties on the happily there was no of Flea a on to Call these Rog Mente into service if Therp had been is Bould rave Felt serious embarrassment in selecting them. So great was Tho number of bur7 Brave an patriotic citizens anxious to serve their country in this Distant and apparently dangerous expedition. Thus it has Ever been and thus indy w Ever be. Tho Wisdom and soon Flay of Sond Itig sufficient to Quot enforcements to Utah by Tho Eloot but m Tho opinion of those who from their position and Epport n ties Are the Quot to t Capa forming a Correct judgment. General Johnston to commander of the forces in addressing the Secretary of War from fort Bridger. Under Date of october 18, 18�7, expresses the opinion that a unless a Large Force is Serif hero from the Enate to of the protracted War on their the mor a Sions part is this he considered necessary. To terminate the War Quot speedily and More economically than if attempted by. Insufficient a. In the meantime it was my anxious desire that should yield obedience to the Constitution and Tho Laws. Without rendering it necessary to resort to military Force. To Aid in accomplishing this object. I deemed it advisable m april last to dispatch two distinguished citizens of the United states messes. Noweli and m Cui Loch. To Utah. They bore with them a proclamation addressed by myself to the inhabitants of Utah dated on Tho sixth Day of that month warning them of their True condition and How hopeless it was on their part to persist in rebellion against the United. States and offering All those who should submit to the Laws full Pardon for their past Sedil on and reasons at the same time i assured those who should persist id rebellion against the United states that they must expect no further Lenity but look to be rigorously dealt with according to their deserts. The instructions to these agents As Well a a Cev of the proclamation and their reports Are herewith submitted. It will Boscu by their report of Tho 3d of july last that they have a Paliy confirmed the opinion expressed by. Gen. Joh Stoa a the previous october As to the necessity of sending reinforcements to Utah. In this they state that they Are firmly impressed with the belief that the the army Here and Tho Largo additional Force that bad been ordered to this territory were the chief inducements that caused the mormons it to abandon the idea of resisting Tho authority of the United states. A loss decisive policy would probably have resulted in along bloody and expensive these gentlemen conducted themselves to my entire satisfaction and rendered useful services in executing the humane intentions of the government. It also affords to great satisfaction to state that governor humming has performed his duty in an Able and conciliatory manner and with the happiest effect. I cannot m this connection. Refrain from mentioning the valuables wines of go. Thomas a. Kane. Who. From motives of pure Benevolence and without any official character or pecuniary compensation. Visited Utah during the last inclement Winter for the purpose of contributing the the pacification of the territory. I am Happy to inform you that the governor and other civil officers of Utah Are now perform ing their appropriate function without resistance. The authority of the Constitution and the Laws has been fully restored and peace prevails throughout Tho territory. A portion of the troops sent to Utah Are now encamped in Cedar Valley forty four Miles Southwest of Salt Lake City and the remainder have been ordered to Oregon to suppress Indian hostilities. Is a the March of Iho Arm to Salt Lake City through the Indian territory i is had a powerful effect m restraining the hostile feelings against the United Stales which existed among the indians in that Region and in securing emigrants to the far West against their depredations. This will also be the Means of establish ing military posts and promoting settlements along the route. A. I recommend that the benefits of our land Laws and Preemption system be extended to the people of Utah by. The establishment of a land office in that territory. China. I have occasion also to congratulate you on the result of the negotiations with China. You were informed by my last annual message that our minister had been instructed to occupy a Neutral position in l he hostilities conducted by great Britain Aud France against Canton. He was. However at the Samo time directed to co operate cordially with the British and French ministers All peaceful measures by treaty those just concessions to foreign Commerce which he nations of the world had a right to demand. It was impossible for Meto proceed further than this on my own authority without usurping the War making Power which under the Constitution belongs exclusively to Congress. A a besides after a careful examination of the nature and extent of our grievances. I did not believe thay were of such a pressing and aggravated character As would justified Congress m declaring War again be chinese Empire without first making an Earnest attempt to adjust them by peaceful negotiation i was the More inclined to this opinion be a cause of the severe chastisement which. Had then but recently been inflicted upon the Chi a Nese by our Squadron in the Captuo and. Destruction of the Barrier forts to a Venge a alleged insult to our Flag. L the event has proved Tho Wisdom of our neutrality. Our minister has executed his instructions with eminent skill and ability. In conjunction with the russian plenipotentiary he has peacefully but effectually co operated j with the Engli Liand French plenipotentiaries and each of the four Powers has concluded a separate treaty with China of a highly satisfactory character. The treaty concluded by our own plenipotentiary will immediately be submitted to the Senate i am Happy to announce that through the energetic yet Efi urts of our Consul general in Japan a new treaty has been concluded with that Empire which May be expected materially to augment our Trade and Intercourse in that Quarter and remove from Phr. Countrymen the disabilities which have heretofore been imposed upon the exercise of their religion., the treaty shall be submitted to the Senato for approval without delay. Great is. My Earnest desire that every misunderstanding with the government of great Brilain should be amicably and speedily adjusted. It has been the ii Fortuno of both countries almost Ever Sinee the period of the to Listii Luzion to Quot Navo been annoyed by a a succession of irritating and. Dangerous1 questions a threatening their Friendly relations. This has partially prevented Tho full development of those feelings. Of Mutual Friendship Between the people of Tho two countries so natural in themselves and so conducive to their common interest. Any Senous inter re Piitz of the Commerce Between the United states and great Brittain would be equally injurious to both. In fact no two nations have Evor existed on the face of Thep Arib which would do each other so much Good or so much harm. Entertaining these sentiments i am gratified to inform you that the Long pending controversy Between the two governments in relation to the question of visitation and search has been amicably adjusted. The claim on Tho part of great Britain forcibly to visit american vessels on the High seas in time of peace,.could sustained under the Law of nations and it had been overruled by her own most eminent jurists a this question was recently brought to an Issue by Tho repeated acts of British cruisers in boarding and so arching a our merchant vessels id the Gulf of mox Ico Aud be adjacent seas. These acts More a injurious and annoying As Ard traversed by a Large portion of the com Morco and Taviga the United states and their free and unrestricted us is cd Sencial to the Security of the coast a z.wja�,Trade states of the Union a such vexatious interruptions could Dot fail to excite the feelings of it the country Sandbo req Irethe interposition of Tho,. Remonstrances were addressed to the British government against these violations of our rights of sovereignty and a naval Force waa at Tho same time ordered to the cuban. Waters with directions a to protect All vessels of Tho United Statos on the High seas from search or detention by Tho vessels of War of any other these measures received the unqualified Aud even enthusiastic approbation of the America people. Most fortunately however no Colli a Ion took place and the British avowed its re. Cognition of of International Law upon this subject As Laid Down by Tho government of Tho United states in Hie note a of the Secretary of state to the. British minister at Washington of april 10, 858, which secure the vessels of Tho oni Ted states upon the Higie seas from isolation or search in time of peace under any Ciren stances whatever. The claim has been abandoned if a manner reflecting Honor on the. British it government and evincing a just regard for Tho Law of nations and cannot fair to Ltd strengthen Iho amicable relations Between the nips f. The British government at the Samo Lime a proposed to tee United states that some Mode -8hobldjrebclopteij. To Gay my Ual arranged sent Between the two count Nee. Of a character which a May by Fet amp do of a Fem without being offensive for verifying the nationality of vessels suspect cd on Good grounds of car Yang false colors. They Havo also invited the muted states to take the initiative and propose measures for ibis purpose whilst decl Ming to As time to great a responsibility the Beere tary of Jit ate Mas informed government that we Are ready to receive any proposals which they May feel disposed lo-offer.,having this object in View and to consider them in an amicable spirit a Strong opinion is however expressed that the occasional abuse of the Flag of any nation is an evil far less to be deprecated than would be the establishment of any regulations which might a be incompatible with the Freedom of the seas. This government has yet received no communication specifying the manner in which the British government would propose to carry out their suggestion and i am inclined to believe that no plan which can be devised will be free from grave Embarrass ends. Still. I Small form no decided opinion on. The subject until i shall have carefully and in the Best pint examined any proposals which they May think proper to make. I am i cannot also inform you that the complications Between great Britain and the muted states arising out of the Clayton and Bulwer Reaty of april. 1850. Have been finally adjusted. At the commencement of your last session i had reason o Hope that emancipating themselves from further unavailing Digbeu scions. Lire two governments would proceed to Settle the Central american questions in a practical honorable and satisfactory to bold and ibis Hope i have not yet abandoned. In my last annual message. I stated that overtures had been made by the British government for this purpose in a Friendly spirit which i cordially reciprocated. Their proposal was to withdraw these questions from direct negotiation Between the two governments but to accomplish the same object by a negotiation Between the British government and each of the Central american republics whose territorial interests Are immediately involved the settlement was to be made in accordance with the general Tenor of the interpretation placed upon the Clayton and bul War treaty by Tho United slates with certain modifications. As negotiations Are still pending upon this basis it would not be proper for me to communicate their present condition a final settlement of these questions is greatly to be desired. As this would wipe out the lost remaining subject of dispute Between the two countries. A France and Russia. On relations with the great empires a it of France and Russia As Well As with All other government on the continue it of Europe. Except that of spam continues to be of the most Friendly character a Spain. A. With spa n or rotations remain in an unsatisfactory condition. In my message of december last z informed you that our envoy Aud minister plenipotentiary to Sadr old bad asked for bin recall and it was my purpose to Send out a new minister to that court but species in Suu colons on All questions pending Between the two governments. And with a determination to ii at them speedily Nuil amicably adjusted if that were possible. This Parps be Lias been hitherto Defeated by cause which i need not enumerate. The Mission to spin has been entrusted to a de citizen of Kentucky who will proceed to Madrid without delay and make another and a final attempt to obtain Justice from that Lovurn men a a Spanish officials under Tho i reef centred of the Cap Nln general of Juba Hayo a United our National Flag and. In re Peau a Jost auces Havo from time to time in iced injuries on the persons and property of our citizens. These Lave Given birth to numerous claims against the8panish government the merits of which have been ably discussed for it series of Yows. By our successive diplomatic representatives. Notwithstanding this we Bare not arrived at a practical Rea Nitin any single instance unless we May except the Case of the Black Warrior under the late administration and that presented an outrage of such a character a would have justified an immediate resort to War. All our attempts a to obtain redress have been baffled and Defeated. The fre sent and Oft recurring changes a in the Spanish ministry ave. Been employed As reasons f a delay a we have been compelled to wait again adult i again until the new minister shall have had time to investigate the Justice of our what have been denominated the a cuban m which More than a Hundred of our citizens Are directly interested have furnished no exception these claims were for the refunding of duties in justly enacted from american vessels at different custom houses in Cuba so Long ago As the year 1844. The principles upon which they rest Are so manifestly Evaita blend just that after a period of nearly ten wears m l854j they were recognized by the Spanish government proceedings were after Yards instituted to ascertain their amount and this was finally fixed according to their own statement with which we were satisfied at the sum of one Hundred and . Six Hundred and thirty five dollars and fifty four cents. Just at the moment after a delay of fourteen years,-.when we had reason to expect that this sum would be repaid with interest we have received a proposal offering to refund one third of that amount forty two thousand eight Hundred and seventy eight dollars and forty one cents but without interest., if we would accept Lii sign fall satisfaction. The offer is also accompanied by a declaration that this indemnification is not founded on Anjer reason of strict a Justice anti Simadie As a special favor. Ooncldd2.1 on fourth fa9r.