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Pittsburgh Presbyterian Banner and Advocate (Newspaper) - August 29, 1857, Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaThe presbyterian Banner advocate have been made at their shrines brahmans have been paid to Pray for rain what a rebuke is it that the sepoy in Bengal a who have mutinied Are the Only class shut out from missionary influence such is the retribution on guilty neglect cowardice by the most recent Telegraph we hear that Delhi is defended by 30,000 men that 3,000 rebels Are encamped near the Walls. A letter from Madras reports that Delhi is fallen but this is not generally believed. Do not be surprised in the present state of things that my letter begins ends with India. A a we Farmer Bra cat. Pittsburgh August 29, 1857. si.50, in Advance of in Clute or delivered at residences of Futural Ben $1.75, see prospectus on to Isril Page. Be Swils thong lit prompt a Little while before tin Pear expires that we map make full arrangement for a it Earp eur pulp. Tubs bed we Appel indicate that we dealer a renewal. If however in the hate of mailing Thea a Igual should be omitted we Hope our Frieml will still not forget us. Anent he Safo hands when convenient. Or Send a mail enclosing with Ordinary care troubling nobody with a knowledge of what you Are doing. For a Large amount Send a draft or Large notes. For one or two papers a end Gold or Small notes. To Hakes change Send postage Stamps or better still Send for More papers sap $3 for seventy number or $1 for thirty three numbers. Direct All ii cutters communications to Rev. David Huckin nov. Pittsburgh a. Princeton theological the next session of this institution will open on wednesday september 3d. The rooms of the Seminary have been furnished free of expense to the students Hoard is afforded in the refectory at $2 per week. Theological Seminary Columbia South next session will open on the 1st monday in october continue eight months. Boarding washing can be had from $8 to $10 per month. The appropriation for students destitute of Means is $200 per annul. new tasteful presbyterian Church in Milton pa., was dedicated to the service of god on Sabbath the 16th inst. The Sermon was preached by the Rev. Or. Mcgill of Princeton the pastor Rev. Or. Watson made the dedicatory prayer. The Sermon in the afternoon was preached by Rev. Or. Yeomans of Danville a. The services were solemn attended by a Large attentive Youthful minister galled to his Reward. A Short time ago the Rev. J. M. Brown d.d., of Kanawha va., lost his youngest son Willie by drowning. Now he is called to mourn the death of his eldest son Rev. Samuel h. Brown pastor of the United congregations of Frankford Anthony s Creek Spring Creek on the first inst., in the 30th year of his age. Or. Brown was a you no Man of great Promise just previous to his illness he had been Labouring most earnestly in the revival at Lewisburg end of volume fifth. Three numbers More will Complete the fifth a a of the presbyterian Fanner a Large number of subscriptions will terminate with the volume. We respectfully request a full prompt renewal. If the list of subscribers is permitted to decline the terms of subscription must be raised. We plead with our Brethren of the ministry elder ship with All our friends to lend us effective in furnishing to the churches a sound presbyterian paper truly Good really of Centre College by. Rev. Lewis w. Green president of Transylvania University at Lexington ky., has he in elected president of Centre College ky., to Supply the vacancy occasioned by the death of the lamented Rev. John c. Young d. It is generally supposed the appointment will be accepted. Danville has been drawing largely on Lexington within a few months. Rev. Stephen Yerkes elected a professor in the Danville theological Seminary at the last meeting of the general Assembly was a professor in Transylvania University. Or. Green is admirably adapted for the position to which he has been called in natural gifts scholarship . The committee appointed by the friends of Temperance in Chicago in May last have issued a Call for a North american convention of the friends of Temperance to be held in that City on the 10th of november. It is intended to Endeavor to initiate movements that will revive an interest in the Temperance cause which has been for some time languishing. A Large interesting meeting was held at Saratoga n. Y., to take into consideration the subject of juvenile Temperance organizations throughout the land. Addresses were made by e. C. Delavan Peter Sinclair of Scotland or. Marsh Rev. Or. Asa d. Smith of new York Many other Well known advocates of the Aube. In the course of is remarks or. Smith decanted on the importance of juvenile action organization As almost the Only thing to interest Onee More the higher classes. These were beginning to consider the Temperance cause As obsolete a thing gone by Good in its Day but wad owing to the higher classes More than to others that the prohibitory Law was not enforced in new York was repealed let the children of these classes become enlisted in the cause it will awaken a new Lively interest in the work As nothing else can. Unfortunately a similar testimony can he borne by Many others who have a observed the Progress of India. The alarming condition of the army in the Bengal presidency the deplorable consequences ensuing on the outbreak of the Mutiny have attracted All eyes toward the East. In our own country As Well As in England there Are Many families who have tender pledges of affection in the very Region where the dangers have been most imminent As these devoted servants of the great master stand in such close connexion with christianity on the one hand the native idol atries on the other hand they Are All the More Likely to he sufferers for the cause of the gospel in consequence of the direction which the popular fury has taken. In these Ireum stances we have thought it appropriate to advert at some length to the condition of the British Empire in the East with a View to give some general information touching the history of the company the circumstances under which its possessions have been acquired the tenure by which these possessions a re held the manner in which the momentous trusts reposed in the Indian authorities Are administered. We can Only glance in the most summary manner at these subjects. We have before us a list of More than one Hundred Twenty volumes Many of them of great size filled with important statistical Legal historical matter All devoted to the elucidation of the affairs of India yet some of. The most commonplace questions which Ordinary readers might in relation to the topics which we have Here stated could not by a Reader of these treatises find a satisfactory answer. Should then our readers find that we have passed by much that they would have wished us to notice they must remember the Brief space which we can Only afford for historical dissertation. The discovery of the passage to India by Way of the gape of Good Hope produced an intense impression on the mind of Western Europe. The eyes of traders merchants were directed toward that land which for Ages had been a synonym for sex Haus less wealth gorgeous magnificence Barbaric Power. Vigorous efforts were accordingly made to organize associations for grasping the riches of the East. At this time the commercial spirit of Britain was beginning to display its vigor As the distance to India was so great the Means needful to Trade on a scale commensurate with the importance of the prize in View were beyond the Power of Ordinary adventurers an incorporation was secured on the 30th Day of december . 1600, Queen Elizabeth signed the charter of the East India company. The Powers donated to these a merchant adventurers to the East were of the most wholesale character. They were not Only recognized As the Only lawful traders to the East from Britain hut they were also empowered to Purchase or receive Grants of lands from the native princes for the erection of factories forts to protect them thus to secure All the interests of their Trade. At the time of the issuing of this charter such a Grant from the Sovereign was considered sufficient for All Legal purposes without any parliamentary Sanction. In process of time however this question was raised the Validity of the charter came to be discussed because of the appearance in the East of other parties having licenses to Trade who were considered interlopers the controversy thus raised was continued during All the years of the Stuart dynasty. In 1693, in consequence of a failure to meet the interest on the Stock of the company the charter became void hut it was restored again with a proviso that it might be abrogated by giving three years notice. Owing to the exigencies of the state another company was originated the two straggled on with varying Success until in 1708, they were United in one society through the influence of lord Godolphin by the act of the 6th of Queen Anne. Since the year 1767, the affairs of the company have been frequently subjected to parliamentary review supervision. The necessity tor this legislation arose from the fact that a trading company was rapidly acquiring territorial Dominion the connexion of that company with the Imperial government was continually Embr oiling it with foreign Powers. The question which had thus Arisen As to the possessory governmental rights of the company Over territory the Sovereign rights of the Crown Over All the possessions of subjects was Felt to be one of vast Legal importance. The company contended that it was duly in vested with Sovereign rights Over conquered or acquired territory while opponents contended that territory gained by subjects of the grown necessarily belonged to the Crown. In several acts of the legislature the question was left unsettled the parliamentary enactments Only stipulating that the company were guaranteed the tenure of their territorial possessions reserving the rights authority of the Crown without prejudice to any of the immunities of the company. In 1784, the celebrated India Bill of or. Pitt was carried establishing the Board of control by Means of which the procedure of the India directors is subjected to direct Imperial supervision. The working of this measure so far As legislative executive authority Are concerned has been such As to Lead some of the most eminent constitutional lawyers such As lord kenyan chief Justice of the Kings Bench or. Justice Lawrence to affirm that the East India company was a a limb of the government of the country that no distinction can be established Between the offices held under the company those held under the government of the in 1833, the last great parliamentary change in the charter of the company was made. By the celebrated act of that year the preamble of the charter declared that All lands territorial acquisitions revenues debts monies Rente &e., &o., which the company then possessed should remain he invested in the hands of the company in Trust for his majesty his heirs for the service of the government of India. The supreme authority of the Home government Over Indian affairs was thus clearly assumed defined. The act which contains one Hundred seventeen clauses stipulates very minutely the Powers of the authorities in the different presidencies of the governor general his Council. It provides also that the Board of control in London which is to supervise the orders of the directors at Home of the general Council in Calcutta shall consist of such persons As his majesty May appoint As a Board together with the lord president of the Council the lord privy Seal the first lord of the Treasury the principal secretaries of state the Chancellor of the exchequer. Without the Sanction of this Board the governors their councils in the respective presidencies the court of directors at the India House in Leaden Hall Street Are unable to invest their determinations with the authority of Law. We have thus As briefly As possible sketched the governmental character of this great corporation in order that our leaders May know in whose hands the Sovereign Power is actually have shown that the India company was chartered on the last Day of the sixteenth Century. In 1616, the possessions gained in the moguls dominions were Only Surat Atn Davad. On the Malabar coast they had Calicut Masul Patam on the co Romandel coast. At the end of the seventeenth Century the English were settled in Bengal at Calcutta the French held Chande Nagore the dutch were at Obi Surah All on the googly. One Hundred fifty years from the origin of the company passed Over before any important tract or territory was possessed by it. The directors agents pursued a Pacific commercial career not manifesting a inst for Conquest nor even making formidable provision to protect the factories which they possess d. So remarkably was this the Case that in 1756, when Suranee Dowlah captured Calcutta which is now the abode of More than a million of inhabitants the european prisoners which he captured imm ured in the celebrated Blok Hole amounted Only to one Hundred forty six persons. The English Empire in India really dates from this period. War with France was imminent some troops had been sent to the Little fort of st. George at Madras because of its Vicinity to the French settlement at Pondicherry. These troops at the urgent solicitation of the British merchants at Calcutta were sent to protect their interests. Accordingly nine Hundred europeans fifteen Hundred sepoy were dispatched under Clive who landed Defeated the forces sent against him re took Calcutta assumed the direction of affairs concluded a peace in which permission was gained to fortify Calcutta. When the War with France broke out Suranee Dowlah cast in his lot with the French but before the wonderful Genius of Clive resistance was in vain. On the 22d of june 1757, Clive found himself with 900 europeans 2000 sepoy six guns opposed to 50,000 infantry 8000 cavalry 50 guns under French officers yet he g8ined a wonderful Victory. War being thus commenced Clive to use is own words Kaw clearly that he could not Stop but must go on. On this observation Alison judiciously observes a this is precisely the language principle of Napoleon this necessity of advancing to avoid being destroyed is the accompaniment of Power founded on Force in All Ages. The British Power in India was driven on to greatness by the same necessity which impelled the european conquerer to Moscow the Kremlin it a a the prodigious difference in the use they made of their Power even when acquired by violence which hitherto at least has saved them from the Fate which so soon overtook him a every subsequent collision of England with France or any of the european Powers was sure to increase their entanglements in India the native princes that United with the enemies of England in order to expel them from the country were sure in the end to be overthrown. Many of them again failed to carry out the stipulations of treaties which they had formed Here again a Fertile cause for War future annexation of territory was found. The act which or. Pitt carried in 1784, to which we have already referred contained the remarkable declaration a that to pursue schemes of Conquest Extension of Dominion in India Are measures repugnant to the wish the Honor the policy of this nation a yet at that time the territories which had been acquired by Clive Hastings had been gained As we have seen mainly by efforts to preserve the immunities of the company the Means which were essential to their a preservation directly led to an Extension of Empire. Thus the War in 1789, under lord Cornwallis with tip poo was provoked by that chieftains attack on travancore. In 1799, for several years subsequently under the administration of Wellesley the French the mahr Attas the celebrated Leader tip poo again involved the British in War. Then again during the government of the Marquis of Hastings the aggressions of the nepalese the barbarous incursions of the pin Darries the insincerity of the mahr Attas the treachery of the Rajah of a a pore led to the operations of the years 1814�?1819. Thus it has been that in the course of a Century when once the career of Conquest was entered on in India the arms of Britain have with varying Success been mainly victorious at present the British Flag floats from the Himalaya mountains to gape co Morin from the Hindoo Koosh beyond the Indus at attack Lahore across the Bay of Bengal to Singapore at the extreme South of the Malayan Peninsula. We search the records of Antiquity in vain for any parallel to such an Empire. Rome never ruled Over More than one Hundred Twenty millions of people they were nearly All directly accessible from the Mediterranean sea As a Centre of influx enee. In India Britain has gained a Dominion Over nearly two Hundred millions of souls to reach whom her vessels of War have to traverse the Ocean for nearly eight thousand Miles. The forces of Rome were nearly three centuries engaged in subduing the countries which acknowledged their Sway Wale a Century Lias sufficed to raise the Power of Britain to such a perilous pre Eminence in Southern Asia. One of the strangest features of the great drama will be seen in the fact that Britain has mainly used a native army to extend her Dominion consolidate her Power in the East it was in 1747, at Bombay that the sepoy Force was originated when one Hundred natives of Bombay four Hundred from toll Cherry were trained sent to the troops at Madras. From this Small commencement the Indian army has been increased until it lately numbered we believe above three Hundred thousand men. In Bengal the troops had chiefly been composed of the Brahmi Nical caste but in the other presidencies the ranks Are filled from All nations religious persuasions. Hitherto the service has been kept up by voluntary enrolment the fact that the service was sought after will not appear surprising when we state that compared with his Brethren in is native Village the sepoy was raised to wealth dignity. Each private is attended by two servants in the Field each fighting Man has on an average from four to five Camp followers. Then again the is such As the sepoy could not realize at Home while is life is in general an easy one he can confidently look Forward to a pension at the end of his military service. The steady attach Jhent of the sepoy Force to their British rulers has again again been displayed in the most extraordinary manner nothing hut the most culpable negligence unwarrantable neglect of obvious duty could have brought about the present Mutiny. All the lamentable occurrences of the last two months had been foreseen the certainty of their Advent had been foretold the Means of averting the. Catastrophe had been specified. Terrible As the convulsion has been we Are willing to View it As a storm Wimch sweeping through the heavens carries with it the oppressive malaria leaving a Clear atmosphere behind. We believe that India is not yet to be lost As a Field of missions we confidently Trust that when these alarms have passed away the result will be seen to be a More sure consolidation of european Power in the country a safer Field secured for the Mission of the gospel. India has always presented a difficult problem to the political economist. When Bengal was gained by the company it. Was found that the land revenues were every where collected by zem Indars who bad charge of districts. These officers were paid a percentage on All the rent which they collected. The cultivators evaded payment the zem Indars were often oppressive military Force was called in to compel payment. Aware of the evils of this system lord Cornwallis in 1793, effected a change. He vested the title of the lands in the zem Indars constituting them great landlords As in Britain the owners of estates Are he obliged these proprietors to Paya land tax to the government. In this Way the rent of two Hundred thousand Square Miles of Bengal is collected. The former system was evil it is now seen that the one which was substituted for it is open to censure also. The european . Asiatic minds Are accustomed to View. Tongs so differently that it is a vain attempt to seek to transform a Hindoo into an English Farmer for it was found that the zem Indars abused their Powers ruined their tenants wherever they could in order to spend the Money thus gained in extravagance luxury. The late sir Thomas Munroe of Madras presidency aware of the evils of the zem Indar system secured the adoption of a different system in that part of India. According to tvs plan the Root or cultivator of the soil was considered the real land Holder. The Root was called on to Paya certain fixed rent forms tenure this plan has been found to be free from Many of the evils of the Bengal system. The collection of this impost however is the difficulty arising from the extreme subdivision of landed property the hosts of agents ,.who Are required for this office who prey on each other on the finances Are Sueh that a change in the system is Felt to be urgently demanded. Tvs subject has been under the consideration of the court of directors for some time past we believe that a different order of things is about to be inaugurated in this presidency. A third system of land rents prevails in the upper districts of India. Each Village forms a Little Community or Republic by itself for the Village surrounding Region a certain quit rent is paid. The Village elects a head Man who. Collects the rent As agreed on who pays the sum Over to the government official. The government officer knows nothing of the cultivators of the soil. He Only comes into Contact with the head Man of the Village from whom the rent is received. This is a prevailing institution in the East it seems to be Freer from objections than either of the other systems which have existed in Madras Bengal. The Revenue of the company chiefly arises from the land tax from an impost on Salt Quot opium. For some years past the income has verged on �30,000,000 for the last three years the expenditures have Bee within that sum. The numerous expensive wars the enormous Public works for the Benefit of the people in which the authorities have been engaged have generally kept the expenditure ahead of the income. When Burke was assailing Hastings he declared that if the English were driven out of India they would leave no better traces of their Dominion than the Hyena or the Tiger. The condition of affairs in India has wonderfully changed since the Days of Burke. The formation of canals roads Bridges aqueducts harbours almost exceed belief. In 1831, under lord w. Bentinck there were constructed seventeen Hundred eighty four Miles of Road ten thousand persons were employed on them. Since then the Bridges in the Madras presidency the enormous provision made for irrigation in the South of India Are on a colossal scale. The canal also in the Valley of the Ganges the military roads connecting Calcutta with Delhi Lahore Attock Peshawar at the Gates of Kabul together with the establishment of the telegraphic lines the great arteries of railroads from which branches Are to run in different directions Are so Many evidences that the government is now wonderfully alive to the Best interests of India. That the Mutiny will be overruled for Good that it will Lead to the re organization of a proper Force in Bengal to the exclusion of much that is weak antiquated in the presidencies we confidently expect that it will stimulate the governor general his Council to push Forward Sueh National works As will minister to National Security while they will Benefit the people at Large we also believe while As we have repeatedly declared our conviction to be we doubt not but that though the enemy meant the present distress to to for the overthrow of the gospel the result shall be otherwise in the shaking of the idol atries of India at the present time we see the Advent of the time when the people shall East aside their idols Hail the gospel of their salvation. To the Farmer. On our fourth Page we give place to an article on a Bailey it suggests a very important train of reflection. Farmers Are responsible for their use of the soil. They Are tenants for the lord must account to him the Day of reckoning will come. They Are hound to use for the Benefit of gods creation the Earth which he rates to them blesses. His revealed word right reason enlightened conscience Are to guide them. The Rule of right they now interpret by Wimch to order their ways but he also will interpret will apply the Rule hereafter when he comes to judge. And As his award will be eternal it is the part of Wisdom in them now to interpret the Rule As strictly As he is Likely to do at that great Day. It has been our advice from the pulpit often in pastoral visitation we reiterate it through the press it has been our practice too for we have been favored with a Small proprietary right in the soil never to sell a Bushel of Grain to any one who would turn it into an alcoholic drink. Never never since our attention was turned to the terrible injuries inflicted by Strong drink could we have any lot or part in its production. Double prices from the Brewer or the distiller could form no temptation. Gods curse we verily believe would be upon is in our person or property or upon on children for whom we were endeavouring to acquire gain if we should do so. And if not in tvs life to chastise us bring us to repentance it would be upon us in the life to come to our unending unspeakable woe. Barley is a Good crop Good food for Domestic animals. So also Corn Rye Are Good. Let Farmers raise them freely hut let them use the Grain Wimch god in his kindness gives As a Reward to their Industry in such a Way As to promote happiness not misery in the land which he blesses in such a Way As to elevate not depress humanity in Sueh a Way As to save not to destroy the souls Wimch he has made. Ecclesiastical. Rev. W. Lyons Post office address is changed from Vinton Benton county Iowa to Winterset Madison county Iowa Rev. Theodorick Pryor pastor of the High Street presbyterian Church Petersburg va., has been invited to take charge of the College Church Hampden is Dave a. Rev. B. Ewings Post office address is changed from Somerset va., to Gordons Ville a. Rev. J. M. Humphreys Post office address is changed from term., to Blacksburg va., where he is to be associated with the Rev. We. P. Hickman in the management of a female school. Rev. W. W. Pharris Post office address is changed from Oakland Cabarras n. G., to Statesville n. C. Rev. Robert Mitchell a licentiate of the presbytery of Ohio has received a unanimous fall to become the pastor of the first presbyterian Church of Decatur Indiana where he has been Labouring As stated Supply during the past year. Rev. E. H. Rutherford a student of Danville theological Seminary has become stated Supply of the presbyterian Church at Vicksburg miss., which has been without a regular pastor since the death of Rev. B. H. of Thomas Dick . This Man whose numerous writings have instructed delighted so Many has died at his cottage near brought a ferry in the Vicinity of Glasgow Scotland at the age of 83 years. Or. Dick was not an original thinker or a Learned theologian but in popularizing science bringing it into the service of religion he has had few equals. The circulation of his works both in England tvs country has been immense. The foreign papers also announce the death of the Rev. W. J. Conybeare Well known in connexion with Howson As the author of the life epistles of st. College Indiana. The removal of the late president of this institution the Rev. Jonathan Edwards d. D., to take charge of the West Arch Street Church in Philadelphia seems to have stimulated the trustees to renewed exertions. At their late meeting they determined to Complete As soon As possible the new College a edifice which will Cost $30.000, which has been secured with the exception of about $200. The selection of a president has been postponed for one year professor Thompson has been appointed president pro the presbyterian Banner fort Wayne presbytery held its meeting in Kendallville on the Lith inst. The Rev. William Bon amp a was chosen Moderator George a. Irvin temporary clerk the Rev Edward Wright was received from the presbytery of Miami. His address is Auburn Indiana. The West Arch Street Church Philadelphia presented a fall for the pastoral services of the Rev. Or. J. Edwards. Or. Edwards was Accord in a a dismissed to the presbytery of Philadelphia. Rev. Cochran Forbes was called to the Church of Kendallville during the sessions of presbytery he was duly installed. On this occasion the Rev. We. Bonar presided the . Wright preached the Sermon the Rev. J. N. Ban gave the proper charges. Presbytery altered the time of its stated meetings to the first tuesday of april october in each year. The next stated meeting to be at new Lancaster. Or. Bonar was appointed to preach on the a a Deacon ship a or Lowrie on the a a office of the holy spirit a at the next stated meeting. Thanks were tendered to the Baptist denomination for the use of their House of worship to the people of Kendallville for their hospitality. J. M. L., stated clerk. A Whoso de Piseth Little things will never attempt great things. Eastern summary. Boston new England. The old established houses of Boston Are generally considered very reliable free from the probability of failure. Yet sometimes failures occur Here As Well As in other places among those least suspected. Last week a Large firm failed for $500,000, in consequence of disastrous losses in the sugar speculation. And the suspension of this House brought Down another for about the same sum to meet which there Are assets to the amount of $250,000. A singular fatality seems to attend attempts at enormous unreasonable gains in the provision business through out this country Europe. The poor drunkard is not altogether forgotten. In this Busy hurried Day of ones there Are still hearts to feel for others woes there Are yet hands ready to be stretched out for the Relief of the needy. Last week an institution for the reformation of inebriated was dedicated with becoming ceremonies named a a a Home for the in time we Hope to hear a Good report of its Success although the difficulties in the Way Are Many. The fact of the neglect into which the divinity school at Cambridge has fallen can be concealed no longer. The students Are few the influence exerted is but Small notwithstanding All the learning advantages connected with it. In is inaugural discourse the Rev. Or. Ellis presented three alternatives with regard to the course to be pursued in reference to this school. First it May drag along a listless ineffective course having but few students thus being let alone second a bold a shrinking avowal of the Peculiar tenets of modern unitarianism in opposition to orthodoxy third the employment of Able a Ament men in the interest of All the leading sects after the manner of the German universities when pupils from the various denominations can he congregated each one retaining his own Peculiar views. Of these three alternatives or. Ellis chooses the last considers himself right in accepting his present appointment because he can teach an a sectarian theology. He distinctly avows himself uncommitted to any of the Peculiar views of any denomination claims the right to change his prejudices a Bias even convictions a without penalty or in Plain language he seems to avow himself destitute altogether of any settled religious opinions. Certainly a strange acknowledgement wondrous recommendation for a teacher of theology on the 1st of january 1857, there were in connexion with the general congregational association of Massachusetts four Hundred seventy two churches three Hundred fifty pastors sixty stated supplies one Hundred fifty ministers without charge making in All five Hundred clergymen. The whole number of members was sixty seven thousand six Hundred fifty six of whom Twenty one thousand fifty seven were males forty five thousand five Hundred forty eight females More than two to one in favor of the females. There Are seventy thousand one Hundred eight seven reported members of the Sabbath schools or an average of one Hundred forty seven to each school. The four largest Sabbath schools Are the following Pine Street Church Boston. 730 Winthrop Church Charlestown. 562 Maverick Church East Boston. 526 Winni Zimmet Church Chelsea. 502 the four oldest churches Are the following a West Barnstable gathered at Southwark London. .1616 Tabernacle Church Salem. August 6, 1629 first Church Lynn .1632 South Marshfield .1632 the four largest churches Are the following a Park Street Church Boston.705 it. Vernon Church a a. 666 first Church Pittsfield. 535 John Street Lowell. 518 or deducting absent members respectively a five Hundred eighty five four Hundred eighty nine three Hundred fifteen three Hundred eighty eight the ministers who have been settled a Quot half Century or More in one place a re the following a or. Cooley of East Granville settled feb. 3 1698 or Snell of North Brookfield a a june 271798 a or Braman of Georgetown a a june 7.�?T 1799 or Emerson of South Reading a oct 17 1804. V Swiss or m Ipa Wlch a a oct. 8, 1806 or. Ely of Monson a a dec. 17,1806 in the fourteen cities of Massachusetts tue proportion of females to every me Hundred males was in 1855, As follows in Boston 108 Lowell 153 Worcester 104 Charlestown 102 Salem 120 Cambridge to new Bedford 110 Roxbury 111 Lawrence 117 Lynn 111 Springfield 112 5 a of Swir ten Newburyport 123 fall River ii6 i 110. A 8 not Only have the Litera y Jas received largely from private Hber Alit a a also from the fostering hand of the s while it is to be greatly deplored that "2 institution that has received most under the control of those whose sentiments Are opposed to those 1 Large majority of the people of the Cotol wealth. The indebtedness of the a Quot colleges of Massachusetts to the puh i ? sury from which each has received a seated in the following statement Harvard from its foundation in fore its charter Williams from its in 1793 Amherst from its Ehr 1825 Harvard in 221 years has $216,000, being $977 per year we in 64 years �46,500, $726 per year Herst in 32 yearn $25,000, $781 per t,.&Quot miss Mitchell the famous astronomer to Nantucket is now abroad on a visit to to different european observatories. It a been determined to erect or secure a Observatory for herself Ata Cost of s3m-by donations from friends admin some ladies of Philadelphia have Alread contributed one third of the sum afr president Pierce of Harvard Edward Everett Are engaged in Bacurin the remainder. The hew englander has been Purchase by or. Kingsley son of the late profess a Kingsley who will henceforth he both pm. Praetor editor. He is said to be a scholar possessed of Large correr information to have enjoyed tin advantages of european travel. Anana. Ments have been made both in this command Europe for obtaining Able Inte Esting articles from some of the Ablest writers of the Day. The baptists of Connecticut have Ona Hundred fourteen churches eighty two settled pastors a membership of sixteen thousand two Hundred thirty one. There were added by baptism last year a Hundred forty one. This denominate has decreased somewhat in this state Orno As it is said to emigration to other parts. Already six thousand looms have been stopped in the Cotton Mills of hew pm. Land orders have been Given for stopping maty More As soon As the present Suppi of Yam is exhausted. The cause is no found in the want of Cotton but in tie great amount of Cotton machinery employed. The Supply of manufactured articles is to great for the demand at any thing like remunerative prices when the High pries of raw Cotton is taken into account. At one time in England thirty thousand Cooee have been stopped from the same cause an the prices were quickly raised on account f. The curtailment of production. Throughout the Eastern states the crops have been unusually Good. Never were the i Abib of the Farmer Gardener More amply repair new York. Thus far the season has been remark Bly healthy in this All the Large cities z the land. Wondrously have the Peop been protected from a the pestilence the walk eth in darkness the destruct i that Wasseth at the general Orash apprehended Many close experienced observers of movements has not happened. There have been heavy failures Many suspensions Railroad securities Are at a Hean discount but the general business of to country has suffered no interruption. Met buy As freely invest As largely spec As Prodi Gally As Ever. Every week bring to Light some new instance of dishonesty e the part of those entrusted with the meat of others because of the expensive style 0 living adopted. One of the clerks of to st. Nicholas hotel has been arrested charged with embezzling funds to tie amount of from $30,000, to $100,000, arc has confessed to taking �5,000. It is supposed that this want of integrity has Bee occasioned by expensive habits a determination to keep Pace with others in to dangerous race of fashion. The deluded followers of Walker continue to return in the greatest Destin Tion suffering severely from disease Many of them Are found in the Pari feeling to obtain the Means of returning a a Large meeting has been held for the purpose of procuring Means for their re Erif Walker should make another foray up00 Central America it is not probable that to present condition of those who Rake around my in his first attempt or his de to Tion of them now will he very Strong amp Zuments toward raising recruits. Or. Peabody sailed in the Persia on it it a mesday the 19th inst. During his so Joss of about a. Year in this country he Trsvek-13,000 Miles visited Twenty six a a of the Union also the Canadas. A5 this time his donations to various Obj have amounted to nearly half a million k subscribed $50,000 to the Atlantic to graph company gave $10,000 providing the insurance on the Cable. Vious to his departure a magnificent Baa quent was Given in Honor of him at import r. I., by or. Wetmore of y i Over two thousand guests were invited. Is said that he intends to return after a f Rod of three years make his pm -0�?T nent Home in the land that gave him in during his Progress through new hl5� Shire he stopped at the same tavern wk1-in boyhood he had paid for his lodging it night by working in the morning 3> evening. A vessel has been foursome ?1 the coast of Newfoundland for the Purpo of intercepting the Fleet consisting of vessels engaged in laying the great he Quot telegraphic Cable which we Hope will a arrived completed safely its we i fore this Issue reaches our readers. Fleet left Cork on the 3d Day of just three Hundred sixty five year the sailing of Columbus from Spain on the 7th, the Shore Cali

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