Pacific Stars And Stripes Newspaper Archives Nov 21 1982, Page 18

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Pacific Stars And Stripes (Newspaper) - November 21, 1982, Tokyo, JapanSunday november 21, 1982 Pacific stars and stripes Pacific sunday nukes get lace in nuke speak cult cites misdeeds of a dec books nuke speak. Nuclear language visions an mindset. By Stephen Hilgartner Richard c. Bell and Rory o Connor. Illustrated. 282 club. $14.95. The cult of the atom. The secret papers of the atomic Energy commission. By Daniel Ford. Illustrated. 273 pages. Simon & schuster.$13.95. By Susan Bolotin Uke speak is ostensibly about euphemism about How nuclear Exchange has replaced nuclear War in the official vocabulary about Why government officials refer to the Accident at three mile Island As a Normal the Book s authors thre Boston journalists landed on a Clever idea when they decided to unravel the language of the nuclear Clever but also Tricky for passion blurs the language on both sides of the nuclear debate. Consequently nuke speak works Best As what it really is concise history of nuclear weapons and nuclear Power in the United Story is a chilling one. In 1904, when the medicinal values of Radium were still being wholeheartedly boosted or. . Morton introduced a liquid Radium elixir at a meeting of the Massachusetts Institute of technology s new York alumni association. At the end of what must have been one bizarre evening he led the celebrants in a Toast to tech s welfare and future after which they All downed liquid Sunshine cocktails. More than a party game the discovery of atomic fission the wartime work of the Manhattan project and the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki soon made the reality of nuclear development inexpressibly More than a party game. But the ironies continued. As recently As 1971, Glenn t. Seaborg former chairman of the atomic Energy commission wrote that the advantages of using a nuclear bomb to close the Strait of Gibraltar and hence irrigate the Sahara Wouldhave to be weighed against the loss of Venice and other sea level even More recently in 1979, the Justice department supported the department of Energy s ruling that an article written by Hans Bethe for an eighth Grade encyclopedia was As a responsible history nuke speak never falters except Over an occasional redundancy. But it does t seem fair to Praise the japanese for evocatively calling fallout ashes of death and then to blame the a for measuring fallout doses in the less provocative Sunshine the author question the testimony of experts yet give credence to the work of the Union of concerned scientists a nonprofit organization of scientists engineers and other one May fight fire with fire but then some people argue that one should deploy bombs against bombs. Using rhetoric against rhetoric is wrongheaded. It is a shame that the simplest words of the anti nuclear argument those that make the possibility of destruction comprehensible Are not convincing enough. Obscurity replaces truthfulness according to Daniel Ford in the cult of the atom the mindset that allows obscurity to replace truthfulness flourished in the office Sand adjunct laboratories of the now superseded dec. Ford an economist and former executive director of the Union of concerned scientists persuasively assails what he regards As the duplicitous nature of much of the commission s work. Relying heavily on internal memoranda released through Freedom of information act requests he explores the ways in which theace empowered and directed by Congress not Only to regulate the nuclear Industry but also to promote nuclear Energy played the in compatible roles of coach and Umpire of partisan As Well As Ford argues that Many americans who were defensive if not sorry about the bombings of Japan welcomed the Early utopian visions of nuclear Power including plutonium heated swimsuits for scuba divers. Soon As he describes it leading scientists were looked upon As the High priests of a state can easily understand their unwillingness to admit infallibility incompetence or Igno Rance. The result of this All too human response Ford suggests was the bypassing of the building of prototypes and the proliferation of very Large nuclear reactors close to major metropolitan areas. According to Ford a engineers who reviewed the safety devices at the Indian Point Plant in Westchester county used to joke half seriously among them selves that its site at Buchanan n.y., should be renamed Hiroshima on Hudson " censoring negative reports this is frightening Ford describes Man occasions on which the dec censored negative findings of its own scientists or published inaccurately Polly Naish summaries a stifled dissent in its ranks by cutting financing to recalcitrant staffers and relied on Industry manufacturers to perform critical tests an write their own regulations. As an example in 1971, the engineering staff of the dec s National reactor testing station in Idaho prepared a Chart on the state of knowledge about emergency Core Cooling sys tems. It listed in one column the 29 major technical areas where information was needed to predict whether the systems would work and in another it summarized the current status of available information. The rating were As follows four incomplete three unverified one preliminary eight in adequate two inaccurate four Uncertain and seven missing. In 1973, after almost two years of hearings on the systems the dec reaffirmed the existing designs. At times the cult of the atom reads like an awesomely bad report card. . Times 1 greek letter 4 defects 7 two line Jingle 8 deceit 9 doze 1 knit and 12 applies diagram less. I answers on Page 181 cosmetics 15 Glade 16 sex ruler 17 publicize 19 Small bottle 20 Cut calories 22 Legal thing 24 cure across 17 x 18, by 25 Legal holdings 26 certain Ester 29 Lamprey 30 Minn singers 31 actress Gloria 32 tending to Wear away Alice d. Vaughan 34 literary device36 drunkard 37 papal officer 38 scrutinize 39 sled used in Competition 40 name 41 Salt Marsh 43 entice 44 Long period of time 46 adore 47 present 48 cylindrical and tapering 50 coquette s signal 51 move up and Down 52 nostrils 54 frolicked 56 begun 57 curve Down 1 Kankao song 2 extreme touch iness 3 not Well 4 thwart 5 term in office 6 men s party 7 snuggle 8 sea Bird 10 Princess irritant 11 give Forth loudly 13 Dobbin s meal 14 enchantress 15 conversation 16 linked 18 restore Confidence to 19 swerved 20 severe 21 Fluffy 23 straight Man 24 Bounder 25 bathes 27 of the last minstrel 28 heraldic term 30 Small portion 31 Fountain drink 33 wooden shoe 35 teutonic letter 38 Groove 39 wait in a hidden spot 42 sour Beer to the British 43 eyeglass 45 novel 47 hastened 49 worthless biblically 50 Bird 53 god of War 55 bakery item cryptograms1 1. Easy to truffle Bun Efimy Naxos Xifu bulb snout of Roiz Xaisy by Nyz. By India m. Sperry 2. Go Bhyya Tuum Row my pad Law thai read. By Barbara j. Rugg 3. Pete i Zmek e i m has Syz Opina Seik tsar a Harves Stroo. By Connie Rosenfeld 4. Kist Pew bars keep oders to you weep at his byte a Watlo oeds Teoh Oblay. By Norton Rhoades

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