Pacific Stars And Stripes Newspaper Archives Nov 15 1982, Page 5

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Pacific Stars And Stripes (Newspaper) - November 15, 1982, Tokyo, JapanMonday november 15, 1982 Pacific stars and stripes National 5 military projects helping solve Jet lab s fund woes Pasadena Calif. Up scientists at the Jet propulsion Labora tory who Manu Evered robots on Mars and sailed cameras past Jupiter Are seeing a growing military role at the lab the intellectual command Post for of space. Some of them Don t like the personally am not going to build weapon systems. I will resign before i build weapons said Allan . Klumpp who designs optical Navi gation systems for Galileo the projected unmanned Mission to the Moons of Jupiter to be launched in 1986, circulated and published in Tholos Angeles times a letter protest ing the change signed by 40 other jul employees. It took me Only about two hours to get 40 signatures Klumpp said. International suicide Robert Nelson a senior scientist and astronomer on the voyager spacecraft team led a group of nearly 900 scientists from jul and its Parent Cal tech in campaigning for the nuclear freeze initiative that California voters passed this s a profound feeling in the scientific Community that a nuclear War would be International suicide and it s our duty to try to make that Clear to the Public Nelson the change appears inevitable with dissidents such As Klumpp in minority. As budgets for space exploration have shrunk the Laboratory has had to take of defense work or die on the bureaucratic Vine according to its former chief Bruce Murray civilian geologist. He was replaced by retired Allen jr., a former air Force chief of staff and director of the National Security Agency. The fact that we re going to do some work in the National Security Arena is not alarming As far As ican see to the majority of people at the Laboratory Allen said jul s main priorities remain planetary exploration an the space even the dissidents among the lab s 2,000 scientific personnel agree the change was needed to keep jul alive. The Laboratory which is staffed by some of the finest scientific and technological minds Ever assembled is in a Cluster of appropriately modernistic buildings at the foot of the san Gabriel mountains on the northeastern fringe of los Par like grounds resemble a Small but prosperous College Builtin the site where a group of Cal tech students began fiddling around with primitive rockets in the 1930s. The Laboratory has been run by Cal tech for Nasa since the civilian this close look at Jupiter s satellite Europa was radioed Back from the voyager 2 spacecraft when it cruised past the planet in 1979. A look for it at most Pacific stars and stripes bookstores and army and air Force Exchange outlets. Space act established the space Agency in 1958. Since then it has launched tracked monitored mothered controlled and coddled 33 spacecraft. But after years of budget cuts almost All that remains of its glory Days is voyager 2, the last Hurrah Ofa dazzling Era. Launched in 1977, voyager 2 is headed for an encounter with uranus 1.8 billion Miles away in 1986. Although Cal tech and Nasa havea target of up to 30 percent defense work Allen said he believes that level won t be reached for some years let s say after 1985."a Survey showed that 14 percent of jul scientists do not want to Workon military projects but none has quit. Allen said he thinks the grumblings a yearning for the Good old Days the nostalgia of people who regret they cannot continue with programs they regard As of Paramount importance space exploration. I Don t sense an attitude that there s something wrong with de sense work he said pointing out that jul was born As a defense installation in world War sense a far. More reasonable and logical attitude that Man people Here at the Laboratory were very sincerely dedicated to last two decades for jul have really been a very fortunate an exciting period. They have seen magnificent accomplishments indeed space exploration. Nostalgia for 70s there Are bound to be som people who would prefer it to be the 1970s, when those very exciting things were right at their Peak. There Are going to be som changes Allen said. But we re still going to be doing a lot of very exciting things. Well continue to have missions to the former director Murray says of the lab s dissidents a number of people came to jul Over the year specifically because they did not want to work on defense projects. There is a Small number of people especially Young people who feel that defense work is re the younger scientists and most of their experience is i planetary research. They were prob ably graduating from High school when Neil Armstrong walked on the Carlisle is a guidance and control Engineer on the Galileo project. So far As i know the lab is no involved in strategic nuclear weapons programs yet Carlisle think there is an unspoken feeling by the management that the Issue insensitive enough with the staff Here that the management wants to avoid getting involved with strategic nuclear Laboratory like jul can Only hold on to its Best minds by staying on the frontiers of knowledge with Tough assignments Murray Nasa s budget problems meant fewer space exploration projects in coming years. Big plans ahead Only recently Nasa and up were planning the Galileo Mission a solar Polar flight Over the top of the Sun a radar mapping trip to Venus and considering an encounter with Halley s Comet in 1986.it is the scrapping of All but Galileo rather than the growing military emphasis As such that appears to bother Murray United states unilaterally abandoned world leadership in planetary exploration one of the 20th Century s most uplifting and challenging technological and scientific enterprises he said in a recent Magazine article. A Brilliant burst of american imagination and Energy. Now has nearly run its and the increasing costs of the space shuttle program ate up the civilian space budget Murray said shrinking the civilian program to the Point where the military became dominant notably in the space shuttle program. At least 21 of the 68 shuttle flight planned for the next five years have been booked by the military which will share several flights with civilian payloads until november1983, when the first All military payload is the fiscal year ended in september the military space budget $6.4 billion for the first time Ever surpassed the civilian space budget Nasa s $5.5 billion. The military figure for the current year jumped to $18.5 billion while the civilian scientific sum dropped to$6.1 billion. Undersecretary of the air Force Edward c. Aldridge said in septem Ber that the administration plans to increase spending on military use of space 10 percent annually after increases for inflation. If approved by Congress the increases would push the military space budget to $14 billion by 1988

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