Pacific Stars And Stripes Newspaper Archives May 20 1983, Page 8

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Pacific Stars And Stripes (Newspaper) - May 20, 1983, Tokyo, Japan 8 Pacific stars and stripes Auto May 1983 Domestic car sales on a Roll Detroit up Domestic Auto makers announced eight straight periods of sales increases including a 6 percent improvement during the first 10 Days of were on a said a Chrysler vice the automakers which include Honda for the first time said they sold cars in the May 110 up 6 percent from last sales have been up every period since the second 10 Days of the daily Selling rate of was the Best since Days of the annual Selling rate for the 10day period was million up from million last so far this the automakers have sold up percent from in sales for the big three automakers alone were up percent for the period and up percent for the the Best performance was by Chrysler which is offering buyers a Choice Between rebates and percent it sold up 42 percent from last its sales for the year Are up our Market share is Domestic sales have been up for eight and weve had increases for seven straight 10day said Thom As Chrysler vice president of Ford motor recorded a percent increase for the sell ing autos compared to last Ford is offering percent financing on Small its sales for the year Are up general motors had a decline of percent in sales for the first 10 which is offering a percent Small car financing sold autos compared to but sales for the year Are still up pm said the statistical decline came because last May posted the Best sales for the entire at the pm was offering percent an analyst estimated hondas sales for the year at it is the first time the japanese automaker which is building cars in Ohio has been included in the Domestic american motors said it sold cars in the first 10 up 104 percent from last due to the Success of the Renault am sales for the year Are up 120 vow said it sold cars in the 10 Day up percent from last vow sales for the year Are Down Japan faces facts in factories by John Holusha times Japan Tetsuo the top labor Union official at the Toyo Kogiyo gives a visitor a Small a tie prominently displayed on it is the word the Trade name for to and a Symbol depicting the company unique rotary the unions initials Are barely ohs ones gesture indicates the close links that unions in Japan have with automobile and the general state of Labo management relations in the United members of the United automobile workers Union Sang Solidarity the Union makes us Strong As they fought to organize and struck for better in Assembly line workers have been encouraged to feel they Are As much a part of the company As the president or largest both have grown Strong work ethic and culture some of the social tensions that have caused problems in american and european such As the resentment Felt by Blue Collar workers toward White Collar have been avoided Here by eliminating Petty such As separate hourly and salaried at plants of the Honda motor everyone wears the same White Cotton shirt and pants and a Green and White baseball Type although some american executives have made a lot of the supposed japanese work ethic and the cultural differences Between workers in Japan and the United much of the positive attitude of japanese workers seems to have been carefully fostered by the in the United the common Industrial posture has been that a factory employee Sells a fixed number of hours of labor to the company for a negotiated rate and Little personal development and careers Are reserved for american Auto companies Are coming to realize that elements of the japanese though Tim consuming and expensive in the Short can pay off in a commitment by workers to a company under a variety of employee involvement has caught on lately in dedication or pressure it is to judge How much of the japanese workers dedication to their jobs is genuine and How much the product of the pressure to conform that pervades japanese professor Robert a specialist on Japan at the University of said some research had indicated that on third to on half of the Indus trial workers in Japan feel attendance at Quality Circle meetings on their own a common is a Burden imposed by but they do the Nissan motor reports that 99 percent of its workers belong to Quality this compliant attitude was described by Satoshi a writer who worked in a Toyota Plant for six months and wrote a critical Japan in the passing describing his workers complaints about harsh he reported with some were never translated into when the company declared an increase in it promised that 10 workers from another Plant would be sent Here As Kamata describing one in the Only eight the Only Way to hold up the line was to offset the labor shortage by working workers Are but when the time we All return to work without Job classifications one major difference Between the two Indus tries is the Small number of Job classifications in said David director of the University of Michigan Center for automotive studies who is unrelated to Robert we have hundreds of restrictive and one worker is not permitted to do another the japanese can flow their labor better to where it is and that is a big the results have been according to japans ministry of the productivity of the japanese Auto Industry has improved from about on fifth that of american companies in 1967 to slightly Superior in the last year for which figures Are much of this improvement is due to the heavy investment made by the japanese companies in automated but without labor cooperation it would have been difficult to introduce the More advanced manufacturing proc Chrysler introduces minivan the Dodge caravan minivan from Chrysler is scheduled for the 1984 Model the front wheel drive vehicle can hold seven powered by a it is inches inches wide and inches a Plymouth voyager version will also be a

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