Pacific Stars And Stripes Newspaper Archives May 8 1983, Page 3

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Pacific Stars And Stripes (Newspaper) - May 8, 1983, Tokyo, JapanSunday May 8, 1983 a a egg Jugg a Mim Mam i i Maui my a Bamis Inga i compiled from wire services. Prince Norodom Sihanouk head of a three party coalition fighting the vietnamese in Cambodia revealed during a visit to Kuala Bumpur Malaysia Friday that Singapore is giving arms to some of the coalition resistance forces. In another development related tothe defense of Southeast Asia Singa pore prime minister Lee Kuan Yew told visiting japanese prime minister Masahiro Nakasone that Japan should shoulder More of its own defense Burden so the United states can shift forces from the defense of Japan to the defense of Southe Astasia. The malaysian news Agency Berna a quoted Sihanouk As saying that Singapore has supplied 3,000 assault rifles to the cambodian National liberation front faction of the coalition. The anti communist up Elf i headed by former cambodian prime minister son Sann. Singapore has admitted that it has been giving Aid to the cambodian rebels but this is the first time that it has been reported that the Aid is in the form of weapons. Sihanouk said he would prefer that Singapore provide military Aid to his own Moulin aka faction which is in urgent need of about 5,000 rifles the news Agency said. The third faction in the coalition formed last june is the communist Khmer Rouge which Vietnam ousted in 1979 to install the pro Hanoi Heng Samrin regime in prom penh. The Khmer Rouge ruled Cambodia in bloody reign of terror for More than four years. Singapore Malaysia the Phlip Pines Indonesia and Thailand which form the anti communist association of Southeast asian nations Asea helped form the coalition which is aimed at ousting Vietnam troops from Cambodia. Asean has received moral supporting its stand against the vietnamese occupation from Japan which Cut off economic Aid to Vietnam when the vietnamese invaded Cambodia. Before leaving for Manila on the third leg of a Southeast asian tour Nakasone pledged in Singapore that Japan will continue to oppose the vietnamese occupation. The japanese prime minister did not say How he responded to Lee request that Japan increase its de sense spending in order to free . Forces for Southeast asian contingencies. He commented i think Lee is concerned Over a possible . Withdrawal from Asia since the fall of favors building up Pacific stars and stripes � 3 re arms to Cambodia japanese prime minister Nakasone and philippine president Marcos Japan s defences but a Good Deal of popular sentiment in Japan oppose such a buildup. At the same time that he pledge continued japanese opposition to the vietnamese occupation of Cambodia Nakasone said Asean should not expect Japan to play a role in the defense of Southeast Asia. However he said the United states should sustain its interests in Southeast Asia in the Light of developments in he emphasized not Only in Singa pore but also in the Philippines where he arrived Friday that Japan has no military ambitions in South East Asia. However while we Are not giving military cooperation to the Asea nations we intend to continue with economic technical social and cultural cooperation he said. In fact he announced economic development Grants to Indonesia Thailand and Singapore during his visits to those countries the first three legs of his Southeast asian tour. And members of his entourage said he also planned to announce develop ment Aid to the Philippines Malaysia and Brunei the other nations he is visiting. Brunei is a British protectorate scheduled for Independence this year. In the Philippines both the economic Grants and the pledge that Japan has no military ambitions in South East Asia Are Welcome news. The philippine Economy has been hurting in the last year and while nations such As Singapore have asked Japan to build up its defense the Philippines remembering the harshness of the japanese occupation during world War ii has feared a renewal of japanese militarism. In welcoming Nakasone to the Philippines president Ferdinand Marcos said Nakasone s visit pro Vides an Opportunity to achieve fresh understanding Between the two nations. Strong and close As we know our relationship to be we Are also aware that there Are differences and prob lems that Shadow our relations to Day Marcos said. Marcos and other philippine officials have expressed alarm Over the growing Trade imbalance Between Japan and the Philippines $380million last year and have demanded lower tariffs in Japan for philippine exports including bananas. The Philippines is expected to seek financing during Nakasone s visit fora $1.2 billion hydroelectric project As Well As a subsidy on Copper production. An airline agreement Between the two countries also is expected. Nakasone arrived on the same Day that Marcos presided at somber National ceremonies marking the 42ndanniversary of the fall of Corregidor to the japanese. Corregidor a tadpole shaped Island at the Mouth of Manila Bay fell a month after the surrender of Allied forces on the Bataan Peninsula Inone of the bloodiest chapters of the jobless rate lowest in seven months compiled from wire services Washington the nation s unemployment rate fell slightly to 10.2 percent in april the lowest in seven months but joblessness for Black workers jumped Back to a record level the government reported Fri Day. More factory jobs and signs of growth in construction caused the seasonally adjusted civilian unemployment rate to dip 0.1 percen Tage Points from March s 10.3 per cent level the labor department said. It was the second decline in As Many months and 0.6 percent below the Post depression High of 10.8 percent set in december the Bureau of labor statistics workers did not Benefit from the brightened unemployment Pic Ture As joblessness for them re turned to a record 20.8 percent last reached in january. Among teenage Blacks it soared to 49 percent. Labor Secretary Raymond Dono Van took credit on behalf of the Reagan administration for the jobs improvement saying the economic recovery is gaining but two Black leaders mayor Cole Man Young of Detroit head of the . Conference of mayors and rep. Parren Mitchell d-md., were not pleased. Young said the report again showed continuing High unemployment across this nation and urged Congress and the administration to put people to work repairing decaying streets roads and water an sewer systems in Urban areas. Mitchell sarcastically told labor statistics commissioner Janet nor Wood at a congressional hearing that he was ecstatic at the dramatic drop in unemployment. The drop to a rate not matched since last september reflected a decline of 53,000 people on the Job less Rolls to 11.3 million. About 1.8 million other people who Are too discouraged to even look for jobs Are not included in that figure however. A separate unemployment rate which includes a constant 1.7 million military personnel stationed in the United states remained at 10.1 percent. The civilian unemployment rate is based on a monthly census Bureau Survey of 60,000 . april Survey showed that total civilian employment jumped sharply from 99.1 million where it had stood essentially unchanged since october to More than 99.4 million. The bulk of the 360,000 jobs Cre ated last month the report showed went to adult women whose jobless rate fell from 8.8 percent to 8.4percent. The jobless rate for adult men the traditional family breadwinners Rose by 0.2 percent to 9.8 percent however. An Al Cio spokesman said de spite some encouraging signs the economic recovery is proceeding too slowly and employment remains at cruel and unacceptably High but Richard Rahn chief economist for the . Chamber of Commerce called it one of the Best employment reports that i have seen in several

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