Pacific Stars And Stripes Newspaper Archives Feb 27 1983, Page 8

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Pacific Stars And Stripes (Newspaper) - February 27, 1983, Tokyo, Japan Pacific stars and stripes 8 Pacific february 1983 military pay analogy questioned we by Dwight trimmer Washington Bureau chief Washington defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger said thursday he has responded to a letter from James d which questioned Weinberger assessment of military Exon had written asking Weinberger to support remarks that military pay was now comparable to civilian the defense Secretary would not discuss further his return letter to Weinberger Sugges Ted again that military pay was at or near comparability with civilian Weinberger said the 4 percent Cap on military pay in fiscal year 1983 coupled with a Federal pay freeze next fiscal year would cause Only a Little Gap Between i and civilian services subcommittee on Man pow signal budget office to prepare the or and Weinberger told that subcommittee he disagreed with a Cong res Oak analysis As sea year cong688 and the the senator was disturbed that administration agreed to limit the Weinberger signal budget office co report Exon had questioned similar pub showing military pay would drop listed remarks by the percent behind civilian wages senator had also challenged the next fiscal the co report defense Secretary assessment of said the 4 percent military pay Cap a pay freeze would limit raises to military pay while testifying before in fiscal 1983 and Federal pay freeze promotion or seniority those Congress Exon is the ranking next fiscal year would cause such a raises usually amount to about a 3 Democrat on the Senate armed Exon had asked the Cong res percent according to de Weinberger disagreed with that since the report was largely based on a similar Dod All of us Are entitled to our own said but we Are not All entitled to our own Exon said he was concerned that Weinberger remarks might cause confusion in Exon reminded Weinberger that when the Secre tary first took office and testified before Congress he called military pay a at that time i pay was some 8 percent behind civilian struggling to reduce Federal budget the Reagan administration has decided to sacrifice fiscal 1984 pay raises for gis and other Federal if Congress agrees to that pay freeze it would Mark the first time in More than 20 years that gis did not receive an annual pay gis were last denied such a raise in annual military pay raise to 4 Exon the Pentagon had Ori hike for gis last fiscal and a percent increase for fiscal reportedly upset Over the need to freeze i Weinberger has pledged he will try to restore i pay raises in fiscal Paradox ice times Washington Congress can Cut military As a chorus of voices Are but it has few tools to reduce the constantly growing costs of buying and operating a military which May be the Only Way to achieve actual control of the defense department Complex problems in reducing the military budget arise most acutely in the category of buying weapons and these purchases account for 34 percent of president reagans military budget request for the 1984 fiscal the largest single share of military Long Range plans will raise that share to 39 percent by it has become customary to note whatever the members of Congress say about the defense departments budget they Seldom support cancellations or major reductions in particular programs that create jobs and income in their Home but there Are Many other difficulties in coping with military some Are not merely political or some analysts believe that if Congress came to accept the idea that controlling the military budget could be accomplished Only by actions stretching Over several rather than those confined to one Many of these problems could be overcome or made less savings offset by spending one problem is that if Congress merely cuts away on funds requested for a Given the savings achieved in the 1984 fiscal which begins Are Likely to be offset ultimately by higher and More wasteful spending on the same weapon in later reducing in some even cancelling weapon programs usually brings relatively negligible reductions in actual spending in the current budget much of the actual spending on a weapon program in a fiscal year arises from contract obligations approved by Congress and incurred by the Pentagon in previous analysts in the congressional budget for recently recommended cancelling the navys f18 Hornet fighter bomber which is just entering the production but calculated that the savings in the 1984 budget year would be in dealing with the 1983 military Congress Cut billion from reagans appropriation which included authority for some spending in later actual spending for the year was reduced Only billion below reagans original most of those savings were achieved in the category of readiness spending rather than on cumulative deficits of several Hundred billion dollars Are predicted Over five fiscal although cuts in the 1984 requests for weapon spending might have a limited effect on the 1984 such reductions would show significant results in the next four the co analysts recently studied a relatively modest list of six program cancellations and two deep the analysts concluded that All these actions would reduce actual spending in 1984 by slightly More than billion but would result in cumulative five year savings of almost when carried beyond five such savings May be even cancelling the my missile program would save Only billion in according to the budget office the air Force estimates the remaining Cost of the my program at More than billion in current a figure that could be expected to swell in inflated future in Many outright termination or cancellation of selected weapon programs would Lead to slightly larger immediate savings than a Large number of relatively Small reductions in Many such experts would also tend to discourage the temptation to stretch out with resulting increases in unit cancelling an established program is extraordinarily said William the Deputy undersecretary of defense for acquisition adding that each weapon developed a constituency in in its armed service and in an even More Basic problem Congress faces in dealing with the military is that it has neither the political leverage nor the technical expertise to Deal in about 50 members of Congress Are members of the military Reform in it favors adopting somewhat less Complex and less expensive weapons and buying them in larger but Congress As a body cannot design weapons or even effectively oversee the such change in military philosophy must come in the executive the uniformed and civilian bureaucracies in the Pentagon have successfully resisted such efforts in the even if Congress does Cut spending requests this it will be faced for the foreseeable future with the More Basic problem of rising the stubborn cause of the budget army Pershing nuclear missile funds withheld by Don Waters associated press Washington the army signed a contract to continue building Pershing ii nuclear missiles two months before Congress decided not to continue paying for service officials said the army budget Harold Davis told a Senate sub committee that the army has not actually spent the million that Congress subsequently denied it for the current fiscal he the army has moved to limit its liability in negotiations with its prime Martin Marietta with which it had signed a contract renewal Davis and chief of staff Edward Meyer said the army went ahead with the contract renewal after two congressional committees gave the but last Congress said that no fiscal 1983 Money should be spent to continue production of the intermediate Range mis Siles because of unresolved performance at that the first two test flights had resulted in one failure and one partial both test shots this year have been declared unqualified David told reporters that the Money for the contract Extension is having to come out of the army billion missile procurement account and that Congress will be asked to replenish Davis said the Money problem will not delay the planned deployment in december of the first Pershing ii missiles in England because they were bought with Money that Congress provided in he the final deployment of All 108 missiles would be pushed Back 18 months unless Congress came through with the 1983

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