Pacific Stars And Stripes Newspaper Archives Feb 24 1967, Page 9

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Pacific Stars and Stripes (Newspaper) - February 24, 1967, Tokyo, JapanPassenger service ened to trains what Ever Southern Pacific s steam powered Daylight one time King of the Long haul passenger trains is dying a pauper s death. Up by Robert Buckhorn Washington up the Long haul " passenger train one time King of the continent is dying a pauper s death. Every new set of statistics seems touring it closer to the museum door. Even its Long time friends including those i government Are at Odds Over who is to blame. The passenger complains the trains Are dirty slow and badly scheduled. He does t ride them the Way he did 20 year Sago or even five years ago. But he demands to know what happened to his favorite trains. Why does t the Zephyr run the Way i did where is the twentieth Century limited in sum what happened to Al those passenger trains that ran through every Hamlet from Canajoharie n.y., to Coos Bay Ore. The Industry says it is doing what Itcan but railroading is not a Charity business. If the trains Don t pay they can t stay. In the Middle is the government still saddled with Railroad regulations More applicable to an Era when Indian arrows and Buffalo herds were More of a menace to trains than economic factors. Interstate Commerce c o m m i s s i o n chairman William Tucker says his Agency does t have enough leeway under present Laws to Deal efficiently with of declining passenger service. Yet he feels the passenger train still Hasa role to play. It should he said become part of a new nationwide transportation system that would mesh everything from High Speed ground transportation to giant air buses into one coordinated Means of moving people. " if there is one single thing that reflects the passenger train s decline it is statistics. In 1966, passenger revenues dropped to $545 million one twentieth of the Industry s total. In 1944, a record year railroads handled 95 billion passenger Miles. In 1966, the figure was one fourth that. In 1944, the number of passengers carried by trains topped the 910 million Mark. In 1966 the figure was 300 million. Things Are different on the freight Side of the Ledger. Freight accounted for 90 per cent of the Industry s $10 billion Gross Revenue total in 1966. Such figure soften Are used by critics in an Effort to show that the Industry is ignoring Pas Senger train service and concentrating on freight business. If the railroads won t spend Money to compete for passengers from the airlines and buses the critics argue service of necessity will decline. They say no one wants to ride in poorly kept badly scheduled passenger trains when for the same amount of Money they can ride plane even travellers who prefer trains to planes. Growing Airport congestion could be another plus for the railroads who usually deliver passengers to the Middle of acuity not Miles away in a suburb. Trains run in All kinds of weather and they Goto Many More places than the airlines backers say. The railroads Label All this As mislead ing . Industry ii Miclais say the railroads no matter what the did could t reverse the declining Pas Senger train trend by themselves. As the put it no amount of pretty hostesses cleaner cars or faster trains will turn them into Money makers if the Public won t ride them. Railroad men say there must be concerted action by labor and government Federal and state. Daniel p. Loomis president of the association of american railroads says the railroads can t be expected to maintain poor paying Pas Senger trains awaiting an Uncertain an Distant time when such operations might become action must be take now. For example As Loomis sees it the railroads must be encouraged when they try to Cut labor costs. Certain fully justifiable tax Relief is also needed if trains that can t pay their Way Are to be kept running he adds. Loomis blames the Post office depart ment for one of the major causes for the decline of the passenger train. It has been steadily diverting mail from the railroads an item that accounts for 30 per cent of total passenger train reve Nues. If economics is the key Railroad argument it is not the Only one. The Stanford research Institute has indicated the Battleman already be lost. It said Long haul passenger trains could disappear fro the scene entirely because they just can t compete with the car or the plane in Costor convenience. A study of four major railroads the Institute said indicate that attempts to reverse the trend appear doomed to everyone accepts these arguments. Train buffs Point to the use of super fast trains in Japan and France and say such Quick efficient travel in this country would bring passengers Back. But critics note foreign railroads Are government owned and have More leeway to innovate. Chairman Tucker is confident the Pas Senger train has a place in a modern High Speed transportation operation Buthe concedes there May have to be some kind of a re education program to win passengers. The passenger must be made to Stop thinking of the train As a broken Down coach car with torn window shades Tucker says and be exposed to a High Speed dependable train Complete with carpets on the floor. Insects bugged plumb us Ohio up cockroaches Don t smoke drink or play do they spend their time an Ohio state University professor is trying to find . Frank w. Fisk associate professor of entomology and graduate student James Frazier have devised a special Cage with a microphone attached to the underside. The study is directed at learning More about circadian rhythm a rhythm of activity which All animals insects handsome plants have said. Roaches Are supposed to be nocturnal insects said Fisk but the results of the. Tests so far have been disquieting. The bugs greatest activity he said comes when the lights Are turned on. Earth magnetic Field has reversed 9 times by Joseph l. Myler Washington up records Frozen in ancient lava streams show that the Earth s magnetic Field reverses itself from time to time. Radioactive dating methods have established that such reversals have occurred at least nine times in the past 3.6million years. The Story of magnetic Field reversals As recorded in volcanic Rock was told in the current Issue of scientific american by or. Allan Cox or. Brent Dalrymple and or. Richard r. Doell of the Survey. No one understands Why the Fiel sometimes Points toward the North pole As it does today and sometimes toward the South pole As it has in periods Long past. Scientists just know that it does behave this Way. How do they know when molten volcanic rocks Cool an solidify the authors said the magnetic materials in them Are magnetized in the directions of the Earth s Field As it then exists. They retain that magnetism thu serving As permanent magnetic memories much like the magnetic memory ele ments of a computer of the direction of the Earth s Field in the place and at the time they the Earth s magnetic Field deflect slow Energy cosmic rays charged particles from space toward the poles. Only the relatively few High Energy particles Are Able to drive through the Field Atlow latitudes. Charged particles can cause genetic changes or mutations in the germ cells of living things which affect subsequent goner actions. Mutations whether caused by cosmic rays or other factors Are believed the influence the course of evolution. Mostof them Are bad that is they make a species less Able than before to cop with hazards of life. Some Are Good they increase chances of survival. Pacific stars & stripes 9friday, feb. 24, 1967

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