William Garrett in London 2

Clipped from US, New York, New York, New York Times, May 9, 1901

AMERICAN ADYICE TO BRITISH ENGINEERSSpeeches at Meeting of Iron and Steel Institute in London.WILLIAM GARRETT'S WARNINGHe Says If British Da Not Adopt American Methods They Will Lose All Their Trade—Mr. Carnegie’s Gift Doubled.LONDON, May 9.—The annual meeting of the Iron and Steel Institute began yesterday. It was attended by all ’he prominent engineers in Great Britain, while almost all the American engineering centres were represented. Andrew Carnegie was one ofthose present.The new President, William Whltwell, devoted almost the whole of his address to a discussion of American methods, declaring that Great Britain was compelled to adopt them. He said:“ We shall have to fight much harder in the future to .etain our proud position.”The principal paper yesterday morning was read by William Garrett of Cleveland, who prefaced his remarks by declaring that Great Britain’s supremacy in the iron and steel trade, so long held, was now lost. He then went into a detailed comparison of the methods of British and American rolling mills, with no flattering results for Great Britain. He concluded by declaring that if the British steelmakers did not follow the example of the Americans by combining, and also by only manufacturing at points most advantageous for shipmentand using the most economic methods, the manufacture of iron and steel would become a lost art in Great Britain.Many unpleasant statements were put before the gathering by Mr. Garrett. Manufacturers here, ne declared, would not spend sufficient money on mills or macnin-ery. and would not adept American methods at some of the modern plate tosay that the British workman could not be as active and energetic as the American workman was entirely wrong.“ Your falling behind, Mr. Garrett said, ‘‘is partly due to the fact that up to the present you have had no competition. I may be wrong, but I venture to assertthat during the past ten years all the British iron end steel manufacturers together did not spend as much money in improvement;, as the Carnegies did in two years. ls ingenuity and energy exhausied—ou, wno, at one time, were the greatest urers in the world? I cannot believe it. In order to show you how tar you are^behind in the output of wire rods, the best rod mills in Great Britain dur.tng January did not produce as many rods as one of the wire rod mills in Slates Is there no remedy? And will Great Britain, the mother of that J™alness, who taught the world how to make wire,SThe Chairman, in announcing Mr. Carnegie’s gift .of £6,500 to the institute for original metallurgical research said Mr. Carnegie had decided to double 'he.imomat and the Council had agreed to distribute itamong various nationahties-one-third to Dr. Mathews, (American,) one-third to Dr. Goldberg. (Austrian,) and one-third to Di.Stansfield, (English.) . .Mr. Carnegie -eubseguently in proposing a vote of thanks for the President saddress, said that in his opinion the President had put his finger on the right spot. iheWS°u“snt°LkiahomeSanTdevelop themC.ricIrynegleaJam he believed thoroughly that Cleveland iron would make good steel. He was certain that -the basic process would succeed in Great Britain, as it had done in America. What was said in America to the contrary had not prevented them from buying up all the mines nobody else wanted. The same could be done in Great Britain. The Bible taught them, Seek ve first the kingdom of heaven, and all things will be added unto you. He (Mr. Carnegie) said, “Seek ye first the United Kingdom, and the markets of the worldwill be added unto you.”‘‘ Get right at home,” said Mr. Carnegie, “ and do not worry about things.abroad.The wav to get hold of foreign; markets, Mr Carnegie continued, was to get hold ot and conquer the markets at home. It was not necessary to thank him for the Prizes he had given for research. He had to thank the institute, for h« felt it was a field in which a great deal more money might belEf'rx^’ampbeVl of the University of Michigan will read a paper to-day which wil. treat of the formation of carbides and sill-cides of iron. . -nr aAmong the American visitors are u. A. Bostwick of Pittsburg. J. A. Mathews of New York. W. R. Stirling of Chicago, and W. H. Foster of Niles, Ohio.