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  • Location: Olean, New York
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Olean Democrat, The (Newspaper) - February 13, 1890, Olean, New York SIXTEEN PAGES. PAGES 1 TO 8 The Olean Democrat VOL. XI OLEAN, CATTARAUGUS CO. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1890. NO. 2 WANAMAKER'S SCHEME. HE UNFOLDS HIS IDEAS ON THE POSTAL TELEGRAPH. Service, He Thinki, Could be Tented With Leased for Ten Tears. Foetal Clerics With Knowledge ol to be Utilized Without Extra Compensation. WASHINGTON, Feb. Gen- eral Wanamaker appeared before the house committee on postofflces and postroads yes- terday and read an elaborate statement in favor of a system of postal telegraphy. Mr. Wanamaker said he had prepared a bill based on the four bills which had been intro- duced in the house this session on the same subject, and he believed that it wpuld be sat- isfactory. He proposed to begin the experi- ment by establishing postal telegraph com- munication between the 400 free delivery offices in the country and to gradually extend the service to smaller offices. A uniform rate on messages could not be established. Mr. "Wanamaker believed that the scheme should be tried for ten years on leased lines. A SELF-SUSTAINING SYSTEM. la answer to Chairman Bingham, Mr. Wanamaker said he did not think the sendee could be established on the basis of the mail service, but it could be worked toward such a point. He had no doubt that the service by itself would be self sustaining. The postoffice department would have the additional de- livery business, receiving 2 cents on each let- ter. In answer to questions from members of the committee, Mr. Wanamaker thought the establishment of a postal telegraph system would promote new business because of the fact that at present there is no guarantee on telegraph messages. The scheme was not ex- actly in opposition to any telegraph company, because the delivery would be slower 'nan that of messages transmitted by the compan ies direct. The postmaster general thought that his proposition to use postal employes as operators for the proposed service would be euccessful. In a great many instances em- ployes assigned to this work would be green, but he thought that he could find a number of clerks now in the service who understood how to work telegraph instruments. The knowledge of telegraphy, he said, is more general than it is supposed to be. In the matter of salary he thought that "the opera- tor would not be worth more than the ordi- nary clerk." For shoi t distances, he said, the rate pro- posed by his bill was about the same as the postal telegraph rate in England. In regard to his proposition to limit the scheme to 400 offices, Mr. Wanamaker was pressed by several members of the committee to tell his jeasons for this contracted beginning. He .replied that his theory was that everything ahould have a beginning. Tha 400 offices would be enough to begin with and the serv- ice could be increased in the discretion of the government. He thought that it should not be left to the postmaster general to fix rates for the reason that this might be deemed arbitrary. Mr. Wanamaker read a detailed statement of the history of the postal and telegraphic services in the United States, and made com- parisons between the use of the telegraph in England and this country for what he termed social purposes. The social business was far greater in England than in America, and he c enter-dcd that by means of the postal telegraph, the sending of telegrams of a social nature would increase to a wonder- ful extent in this country. ONE OFEHATOR FOB EACH OFFICE. Mr. Wanamaker's written statement con- tained an elaboration of his views on the sub- ject of postal telegraphy, as given in his an- nual report. He believed that no additional expense would be required for office or clerk hire. One expert telegrapher, he thought, could be selected where postal clerks are ap- pointed. If there was sufficient telegraphic business to employ the whole of one man's time he thought this would be better than to have the man do regular postoffice work part of the time and telegraphic work for the rest. He contended that the expense of the postal telegraph service would be but little greater than tho actual cost of telegraphing. For this reason and the government clear 2 cents on every letter, he thought that loiv rates for the of the people woul'l be justified, Mr. V.'ar.amaker also spoke in favor of the bill for furri'1: n; .1 t''ii demand, and (MIM! applause f 10111 lii.1 j "itId so oii'iou >i. Mr. yielded tlit floe i to Mr n as he hia colleague (Mi. !-p: JUROI) v.as in charge oi tbe resolution-.. [Laughter.] The Democrats juLi ciut e; tuoir Mr. Spiiiiiff.' v.as> by u.nny of his col- leaprc1- a- lr in chaise the new code. Mr. '-piinger offered a resolution, v.hich vr.io uuiypt.-d vMthout objection, providing thut pfi'ciuj debate bhall proceed until ad- jo iMl after which tbe cede shall be c.1 uncL-r the five mmnte rale until ft o'cloiL J'usiay -rthen the previous question shall bo (-onsideied orue' cd Mr. crossed to the Democratic rids and congratulated Mr. Springer on his success. OPEN CONFESSION GOOD FOB THE SOUL. Mr. Grosvenor supported the new code and in referring to the rule permitting the speak- er to count a quorum he acknowledged that he himself had been guilty of preventing leg- islation on many occasions and he was ready to stand here and say that he had never done it and prevented the action of the majority that he had net felt that he was guilty of an unjustifiable and almost unpardonable breach of duty to his constituents. In his opinion the rights of the minority were ended when it had expressed its opposition to a measure, had recorded its votes against it and had pro- tested to the country. Mr. Holman characterized the proposed code as being a complete revolution in par- liamentary procedure. He declared that the clause providing that 100 members shill con- stitute a quorum in committee of the whole, would place the great appropriation bills at the mercy of a handful of the majority. He spo'is oi the various occasions upon which the re ort to fihousterinjj had been beneficial to the country, ruidreitried witn much em- phas.s to thr> d_ eat of the Force bill by the minority, under the lead of J. Ran- dall, lie declared that Mr. Randall's course at that time would crown his memory with hjBor as lon-j as the records of congress would survive. Mr. Payson of Illinois defended the pro- posed code and argued the necessity of rules which would give to the majority the power to take affirmative action. Mr. Hatch of Missouri opposed the pro- posed change in the system of procedure of the house, because it was a partisan move, originating with a majority of Republicans v. ho bad whipped the minority of their party into the traces and compelled them to ap- prove the proposed new rules. Mr. McAdoo of New Jersey antagonized the rules as giving to the speaker the right to judge the conscience of a member, to impugn his personal honor as well as to restrict his personal rights. Pending further debate, the house (in ac- cordance with a resolution offered by Mr. Springer) at 5 o'clock, took a recess until 11 0 clock to-day. IN THE SENATE. TTASHTN-GTOX, Feb. the senate yes- terday the educational bill was further con- sidered and the Oklahoma bill was briefly discussed, final action not being taken on either. During the morning hour the senate passed the senate bill for the relief of certain settlers on the public lands. The Oklahoma bill was again taken up, the pending question being the amendment of Mr. Plumb to include No Man's Laud in the proposed territory. Mr. Tost made an argument in favor cf tbe amendment. Mr. Platt said that Mr. Vest's earnestness v, due to his desire to see the Cherokee out- let, lying between tbe Oklahoma country and j." Land, opened to settlement. He believed that the outlet would be opened at the pioseiit session of congress, but when that v, as u'liic it would be time to talk of includ- ii.fT awl No Man's Land in Mr. PU'.VI-S opposed ai-ici l-i ent. He cd. however, that the outlet be opened. The had been ta'-wite.ie'l with the loss of 'and en- trrc-ly if did not accent aa acre for ii. pol'cy of Imlien he '-a.d. bad ricer fruiuyi of remits, 'i ..e -j i cTary of interior n ul! -eei ;u- v. L1 v. 1 r. the iasinuuiions made by t! c bv ]Mr Dawes. 1 (i ibo Cherokee and th..t f. lure of tbf-ir was due t'> PK: it wa- i'.at tbe land j" t j i to the TO-U I I i t'. t'.iat 11 in tl.e I I i H ii h> tj-jt th-'T J i. t i! t'..c-ir lai. Ii- t.i ti.o 1> t'T -t i 'If T tlu-irl.T, I. -3..UJ.J IP tal.n: i; V- I a ('i'ri- i i. i 'i' ii n i i'-.f To 7 i u-i- 'up i i t'fi.re i .''jiiitij r v. ut A RELIGIOUS FRACAS. PROTESTANTS MOBBED BY CATH- OLICS AT HULL, QUE. Stoned and Fired Upon by the Element, and a Number of Them Itadly Indignation Among the Woman Com- mits Suicide at Batavia. OTTAWA, Feb. city of Hull, across the Ottawa, i iver from here, was the scene of one of the most disgraceful riots ever chron- icled in Canada. A small band of Protestent evangelists from Ottawa were attacked by a bowling mob of rearly a thousand French-Canadians who were armed with revolvers, shot guns, sticks and stones. Five persons were wounded, three seriously. It appears that the evangelists, some twenty in number, including four or five ladies, borne time ago announced that they would hold evangelical services in Hull, w hich is inhab- ited almost entirely by French Roman Cath- olics. They were warned that serious trouble would result but in spits of the warning they visited that city last evening and began re- ligious services in a small mission hall. In another portion of tha city a crowd of the roughest characters in the city congregated and marched through the streets armed with revolvers, shot guns and missiles. The crowd increased in numbers with great rapidity until when they reached the street in front of the mission hall, where over a thousand fiends in human form crowded about the building, swearing vengeance on the little band inside. The police were powerless to disperse the mob. The mayor and two aldermen, who tried to address the crowd, were stoned and seriously injured. The appearance of one of the evangelists at a window was the signal for a perfect storm of stones. A charge was made for the building, windows and doors were demolished and the mob rushed in, firing revolvers and shot guns and hurling stones. Six of the band, including two ladies, were seriously injured, the rest escaped through a back window and beat a hasty retreat to Ottawa. The occurrence has created tremendous ex- citement here, and the prompt action of the police alone prevented an armed force of Protestant citizens from this city wreaking vengeance on the French-Canadians guilty of the outrage. The matter vill be brought up in parliament to-day. The militia have orders to turn out at a moment's notice to prevent further trouble. MORGAN AND DORCHESTER. Southern Senators Ag.Unit Appointment. WASHINGTON, Feb. senate yester- day took up in secret session the nomination of Thomas J. Morgan to be Indian commis- sioner, and debated for an hour and a half without coming to a vote. nomination of Dr. Dorchester to be superintendent of Indian schools was discussed incidentally, as Dr. Dorchester and Gen. Morgan were asso- ciated hi some of the charges mode against the latter. Senator Jones of Arkansas took the floor first and made a long speech, aimed at the military record of Gen. Morgan. It was charged before the committee on Tintinn affairs that Gea Morgan had been court- martialed and dismissed from the army, and that he had maliciously caused court- martialing of a subordinate officer for cow- ardice. The committee on Indian affairs found Gen. Morgan's military record per- fectly clear, but Mr. Jones renewed the charges before the full senate and pressed them in a long speech. Senator Vest, who followed Senator Jones in opposing the nomination, paid more atten- tion to the charge that Commissioner Morgan and Superintendent Dorchester had discrimi- nated against Catholics in making removals and appointments. At the conclusion of Mr. Vest's remarks the senate adjourned with the understanding that the nomination would be taken up to day and probably of. It is consid- ered likely now that both Commissioner Morgan and Superintendent Dorchr-ster be confirmed. Senator Plumb, who was supposed to be opposed to them, is absent from the city and it is said Senator Ingalls will make no dis- tinct opposition. GEN. JOHN A. FOSTER. SUICIDE AT BATAVIA. A Woman Slioots Herself, Probably Be- can.se of Family Troubles. BATAVTA, N. Y., Feb. Hayden, wife of Charles R. Haydea, committed sui- cide by shooting herself on Monday night. She died yesterday morning at o'clock. Mrs. Hayden lived on South street with her husband, and William Bradfield, a brother of Mrs. Hayden, lives nest door. Her husband says that at about o'clock on Monday night he told his wife that he would go over to Bradfield's for a short time, and then put on his hat and went out. Hia wife, who seemed remarkably pleasant and agreeable that day, went into another room, threw a shatvl her head and followed her hus- band. He had no sooner closed the door than he and Bradfield heard two shots fired. Thpy rushed cut and found Mrs. Hayden lying upon the ground, with a bullet hole in her right templs and the snow covered with blood. The first shot struck a shed on the eastern part of the house. This led to the supposi- tion that she had first fired at her husband. The revolver had been picket! up and carried oil by a Mr. TL; JVthany and its kind is not kuo-.vn. Ths l.ullet-. i.J calibre. The motive for the suicide is nor definitely known. Foni" rumors have it that she and her huaband quarreled ou th" evening of the crime, others that it was for sorrow and shame because of family troubles. Mrs. Hayden was 48 years of ace ar.il leaves, be- side her husband, a family of children. A coroner's jury was em-auele-l and will hold an inquest to-morrow morning, A NON-PARTISAN BILL. Death from Heart Disease of the Who Prosecuted BIrs. Snrratt. NEW YORK. Feb. John A. Fos- ter, once a prominent military man and able lawyer, was found dead yesterday in the office of Herman Albert, a notary public at 1784 Broadway. Gen. Foster died from heart disease, and his body was found lying on the floor of a little room in the rear of the office where he had slept for the past three months. Gen. Foster had held the highest positions in military life and was at one time one of the distinguished members of the Xew York bar. In late years be had drank heavily and had an extensive practice. Two years ago self-respect counselled him to leave his wife and tv.-o beautiful daughters, and after- wards he had no settled place of abode. ceased was born in Schoharie county, this state. Gen. Foster conducted the prosecution of Mrs. Surratt and witnessed her execution. He was made colonel for bravery at the bat- tle of Port Hudson and was soon afterward appointed assistant judge advocate general, which office he held until the close of the war. Under Grant he was United Stages district attorney for the southern district of Xew York. Afterward he became one of the leading criminal lawyers of this city. His widow is the daughter of Ccl. Elliott, for- merly a wealthy Louisiana cotton planter. A Mysterious Disappearance. BOSTOX. Feb. Frick. an expert designer in the employ of Wheelwright Eld- ridge Co., agents for the Merrimac mill, has been missing since Saturday and fears of foul play are entertained by the police. Frick came from France a fev.- months ago and con- stantly carried on: his person some in bank notes which he brought from thatcoun try. He was a faithful, steady woj ktnan of regular habits. WEEKLY TRADE REVIEW. the Election of VV'ASHTN-GTON-, Feb. Hoar intro- duced in the senate yesterday a bill provid- ing that in ail the states of the Union rep- resentatn es to shall be elected in and for the districts itovr prescribed by law until the apportionment of representatives shall be made by congress according to the census to be taken m 1300, any law of such states hereafter to be passed to the contrary notw It Is Favored by the World's Fair Gen- oral Committee. XEK YORK, Feb. The world's fair gc'ierrl committee met Inv re- or. i-i t> of rh" T: i, on the u! t'-.e f >rt'-i th" ]f_-i ;V, 4J The Ii i r- r.r, t. VC -v A M n. AVh KI. ITJ 'i i v r i 1 o T 4 _ -f 4 for the v, N. T., Fob F-nr: r. JJ old, .t frora lxyj> "T i TT-' T o! i ,o ii ITJMT I I f'l'y j n Kiit i -riT that wae I f.'rte tl ,1 he n a-j i 11 r a ir-i T-" b ha- .15 i 7 fit a'7" r-, t 1-1 ni K' u.n Krn lav f p v. itb a f nTrjc- A VERY PERPLEXING STATE OF BUSINESS REPORTED. A Lack of Activity Shown, Despite of Perceptible Improvement at New York. A Gain in New Indus- tries Comparatively Steady 3Sot Disturbed by Bank Failures. NEW YORK, Feb. G. Dun Co.'s Weekly Review of Trade says: "It rarely happens that the situation in business is as perplexing, as it now appears. With manv causes of apprehension rci.ioved, there is still a lack of expected activity, and notwithstanding perceptible improvement here v ithiu the past few days, the general tenor of reports is less encouraging. Yet in every quai ter there is seen strong confidence in the future of business, and suc'a reaction as appears is generally believed to be tem- porary. The monetary prospect has clearly improved. While the bank rate in England has not been reduced, the gains of by the Bank of England and by the Bank of Prance in gold reserve lessen tho changes of disturbing drain from that side. Domestic money markets are generally prov.- ing easier, with moderate or fair demand. Some disturbance on account of wool failures in Piul i Vlphia is about the only local move- ment reported of an ad verse nal are. Collec- tions also are average or fair at nearly all points f nd definitely improved at several, goo.l at Chicago and dry goods and boots and shor-s, riore satisfactory at St. Louis, mentioned as slow in fewer lines at but below expectations at Milwaukee. Money accumulates here, not- withstanding the treasury has taken in during the week more than it has paid out. A GAIX IN TvEW BUSINESS. "Tho volume of new business in progress seems to be less accurately reflected than usual by the payments through banks, which include settlements ou transactions of months ago. The clearings outside New York last week showed a gain of 8.2 per cent, over last year, and in January a gain of 10.9 per cent., but in few branches of trade has there been so considerable an increase in new transac- tions. The building trades are indeed more activo than ever before at this season, and the interior groin movcrient is large, but there is little increase, or some decrease, com- pared !tb laft year in important manufac- tures, as i expects actual sales since Jan. 1. At almo t all Ulterior cities the unseasonable stil! retards rniny kinds of trade. GREAT INDUSTRIES DULL. larger branches of industry do not, for the moment, show entirely encouraging results, iron is unmistakably weaker at Pitts- burg and here. "In wool, Boston sales for the 11 eek have been only pounds and prices of al- most all domestic wools are lower, while at Philadelphia the trade is extraordinarily dull, in part because of failures this week. "ilany jr.ouafacturers, including some of the seriously considering tho ot mills down for a time, that tb? of mutilation of unsold goods in h >u.ls may be reduced. The excep- j v father is sufficient cause for depres- sion in as in boots and shoes, of v.hiVh retailers hold an unsold surplus, and hen e are little. The cotton manu- fa'-tares are well up to last year in produc- tion, but without material increase. THE MOXEY MARKET STEADY. The closing of three banks last week has been followed this week by their rehabilita- tion under circumstances which aie puzzling to the public, but appear to imply restoration of abstracted property by someboly. The local monoy market has not been disturbed, and hrtle depression has appeared in the stoct market, whic-h is held A eiy stubbornly, this avci a-: inee-; being scarcely a quarter of 1 p-v it. IH'-.CT than a week ago. Tbe foreign li i .fv to shrink a little. a- the enormous movement of r.-id t-rports and imports at New p .-how snme decline in comparison r returns as usual, inyhul- HIJ if. but merchandise only. j failures riming the last seven davs number for the United States SIM. and for Cin.vH .7JI. as compared with 2i'l la-t and il-'JS the previous to the -t. For the week jpur tj" "ere 273 in the State 'JO in Cana-ln VR. CLEVELAND'S OLO "ARTNER. THE VOTE iUon Grn. Tr. r.n. I Clovclatnl Protr.if H P, X Y Fob 7 The Stunr.s to s. of t.rre latter jv-ocf thebrl'Ks i: Jj M- The Senate ATorld'l sf8 tlio Fair Kill. Feb 7. In thp senate yesterday the vote by 11 Jnch the assembly world's fmir bill was- doola) ed lost was recon- and the bill again put on its passage. It was passed a vote of 18 to 5. Among the bills passed were: Mr. O'Con- nor's Binghaniton boundary extension bill; also bis Ringhamton control bill IN TUK AftSEMIJLY. ALBANY, Feb. When the world fair bill, as amended bj the senate, was received in the assembly, a motion inade to non-concur in the senate amend- ments. The motion was adopted and a con- ference committee, consisting of Messrs. Fish, Whipple, J. Irving Barns, Hill and Bush, was appointed. Among the bills introduced was the general appropriation bill. In addition to the usual salaries for state officers it contain? the r-u- lowing appropriations: Executive expenses, court of apt peals, second division of the court of appeals, supreme court. attorney general's office, board claims, secretary of state, 1-30.500; controller, treasurer, engineer and surveyor, department of public instruction, railroad commission, bank department, insurance, state assessors, ?29.000; public buildings, regent's office, state library, state museum, agriculture, capi- tol commissioner. legislature, 000; state printing, state prisons, discharged convicts. asylum for insane criminals, reformatory, Indian affairs, Onon- daga. salt springs. national guard, civil service com- mission, labor statistics, fish commission, repayment of money, Soldiers' and Sailo'rs' Home, state board of health. deaf and dumb, blind, juvenile delinquents, Thomas Asylum. 000, State Idiot asylum, State Asylum for Lunatics, Willard asylum. State Horaoepathlc asylum, Hudson River Hospital. 500; Binghamlon asylum, Buffalo asylum, Hudson House of refuge, lunacy commission, board of chanties, mediation and arbitration, factory inspection, 000; Niagara raservation, tSO.OOO; State Normal Buffalo, Brockport, Cortland, 000: Fredoma, Geneseo, New Plats, Osrwego. On- eonta, %18.000; Potsdam, and other smaller appropriations. 1 Conference tire World's Fair BilL ALBAKY. Feb. conference coto- mittee on the world's fair bill, consisting of Senators Vedder. Robertson and Cantor, and Assemblymen Fish, Burns. Whipple, Hitt and Bush, met at 5 p. m. and were hi session until very near 3 o'clock last evening. They read the bill through carefully, and then a Republican suggested that the original list of incorporators be told off according to their politics. The Democrats objected, but were overruled. Out of the 101 names it was found that forty-seven were Democrats, forty-five Republicans and nine mugwumps. Senator Canter said that the count was conclusive proof that there was no partisanship about the bill, as the independent element con- trolled it. At 8 o'clock, without taking a vote, the committee adjourned until to-day. The general opinion is that the conference committee will disagree, the senate being for he amended bill and the asseoibly against it THE SUGAR .TRUST CASE. Judge O'Brien Decides in favor of North River Refinerr. NEW YORK. Feb. O'Brien in the supreme court yesterday rendered a decision in the anplication of the receiver of the North River Sugar Refining company against the sugar for an injunction restraining the trust from paying out any moneys or parting with any funds pending the result of a suit brought by the receiver against the trust for a co-partnership accountiag. The receiver alleges that large dividends are being paid other mcnibprs of the trust, but withheld from the North River company, which has been dissolved because it jouied'the trust. Judge O'Brien states in his opinion that the plaintiffs view that the trust agreement amount'- to a seems to be sus- tained Ly tbe language of Judge Barrett and of the torra in against th" truyt. It is true that corporal <-anrot f orm a nr-'5 I? apt the rvnolusion the' roact of the be bv the tbe by the of it v.i 1 not suih act? deeds, ir.volv- TPTI