Olean Democrat Newspaper Archives

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  • Publication Name: Olean Democrat
  • Location: Olean, New York
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  • Years Available: 1880 - 1895
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Olean Democrat, The (Newspaper) - December 18, 1890, Olean, New York OLEAN WEEKLY DEMOdlAT, TWBtiDAY, DECEMBER s.s.s. A HOUSEHOLD FAVORITE. A young girl here had been suffering for 12 with blood diseases until she had lost the W6 of her limbs and was subject to many trou- bles incident to the disease The physicun-i declared her case incurable :-nd predicted that her life would come to a sjvx-dy end. After taking S. S. S. bhe recuperated so fast that it was plain that she had obt.iined a new leaie on life, and she has continued to better until her permanent cure is assured. Many other pa- tients in our hospital have obtained signal bene- fit from S. S. S., and it hrs become quite a vorite in our house. THK ST. JOSEPH HOSPITAL, Highland, III Treatitc on Blood and Skin Diseases mailed tree. SWUT SPECIFIC Co., Atlanta, Ga. THE-OLEAN DEMOCRAT A DEMOCRATIC NEWSPAPER FUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY IN THE BLIGHTON BUILDING, UNION ST., CLEAN, N. Y. SIXTEEN PAGES EVERY WEEK. Terms per year strictly in advance. No be Beat at'tar subscription expires imtil renewed. The Democrat Circulates Largely in Every Town in the County, and is the Leading Organ of the Democrat Party. Watered at the Oiean. N. Y., as second class matter. PERSONS, SiBLEY SPAULDING, Editors and Proprietors. Our lutliorijied Agent. is the authorized K agent for the DEMOCRAT, and has full oower to receipt for moneys and >i ransact all other business in con- s therewith. SIEI.ET France, with 837 per capita, has been able to give a lesson to the .world that should be with jfofit by all nations. France has silver in circulation than Eag- Germany and the United pat together. It also has paper money in circulation than all the nations mentioned. For Jfaxs dire calamities have been pre- cficted as sure to befall this country oa account of its financial methods. jpt has paid as an indemnity to Germany, has sunk in the Panama canal and last week came to the Ivjfiief of.England with a loan of at 3 per cent, interest. There no qiesiioa. a? aa ex ige bat this action on the rfc of Franca savei Earope from 3ial revolution: besides it has it ;th.3 greatest and most world's "exposition eyer dL It is not quite likely, there- [fore, that the volume of currency in julation, opeing fully three times teater than that of either England, lany or the United Sates, may ire had something to do wi h this 'prosperity and business lity? If it is not this large per cap- money, wjjat is it? The circula- tion of this vast.amount of currericy a fact, and the prosperity of i ia apparent to all. In the Mother governments named, the per ipita of circulation is wanting and icial distress and disaster have fcfcen Eilglana and Ithe United There is certainly founda- enough in these condi ions to some that an ample volume of irrency ia beneficial to the people. ler THE BUSINESS SITUATION. -The effort of the business and icial community throughout the luntry seems to b? to tide over close of the year without fur. troubles. The latter part of smber and the few first days of as the Star notes, are or- dlaarily attended by settlements changes which, under present iditions, might develops iato acute disturbances. The fail- i record this week has not been so ivy or severe as during the pre- ceding fortnight. But the distur- of confidence and of credit. at the loccl centers which Jwere the last to feel it, has howerer. subsided. In fact, from the west and the in- terior generally show natural dhrinkaee of business activity and farther hardening of money rates. street, it id true, develops is of improvement. The New money market has received from the pur- se of of bonds by the jury, and it is still favora- influenced by facts that the Mace of trade is :n our favor and iat from fivo millions in Id are already en c.itfcerini? railroad in New York and the belief peace and paying will estabfcshod among the WOM WUtiers, are bavins: sn cf- d share values show a ten to itdyificc. Bat though call i JHMV IMMI find it very difficult to obtain time loans on collateral. Uuder those circuur stuuceBBpeculuti .m has not widened und the fcttreot is forced to maintain couaorvative at'itudo ponding cur- rent developments. What influence legislative action a-s to financial matters might have is uncertain. It is stated that Presi- dent Harrison is about to send a special message to congress regarcl- iug the financial crisis. But even if it were certain that the administra- tion and the republican majority could agree upon auj line of action upas: the banking laws on silver or uny kindred matters, the time for accomplishing results is rather short. Since December 1 a good deal of precious time has been wasted, and the country will proba- bly either be in the midst of a finan- cial pressure or over it before any- thing can be done In fact, in many quaiters there are complaints that uncertainty as to the outcome of financial measures at .Washington tends to prolong and aggravate the unfavorable conditions which now encompass the business inter- ests of the country. The government of the republic of Venezuela has sent a commis- sioner across the Atlantic to pro- mete emigration from Germany and Italy to its territory by offering in- ducements such as are not offered by any other country. Farmers and farm laborers are especially needed there, but craftsmen in various in- dustries are also invited. We ap- prehend that the climate of Yenez- is not favorable the German and hence it is likely that Ifftly will be the best field for the Venezuelan commissioner's opera- tions. Many of the poor Italians are looking toward the United States can doubtless be tempted to turn their eyes to tropical Venez" uela. All the republics of South America are now striving to attract immigrants from Europe. Brazil met with considerable success in doing so, tens of thousands of Italians having gone there this year, and Argentina also has met with fair success in its effort. Hereafter, the European who would emigrate to a foreign land will find it hard to make a choice between North Amer- ica, South America, Australia, Southern Africa. There seems to be plenty of room in the warld or al its people. It is remarkable that, a quality which should be, if not the cement, at least the sweetening of society is not foiwid oftener in this Courtesy puts such a different color on every action. A man may be of- fered something which he wants, or granted some right, and the disa- greeable manner in which it is done can spoil the pleasure it should give him. On the other hand, one may be checked in something he desires, or something be denied to him, but courtesy accompanies the act, and he feels charmeu. Courtesy costs nothing to one's purse. Usually its exercise imposes little labor. It is a quality made up of forbearance, kindness, sympathy, and tact. It is the oil which makes the machinery of social life run gtnoothly. A creaking wheel does not do its work well and is offen- sive, and the wheels of human inter- course will creak if they are rusted with discourtesy. Americans are good natured. Take a crowd and see the good hu- mor and patience it displays. But we are discourteous because so charged with business directness that we are brusque, have no time to waste on frills, and would rather jostle our neighbor than move him by suavity of address or manner. Courtesy is a virtue which may be well cultivated. A Substantial Growth. The following particulars of progress made during the past grange year, while not what it might have been, show that the tendenqf is in the nght direction, j If all are true to their duties the grange i year now Ftarted will show a restilt j cheering to the heart of every patron: i WASHWOTOTS. OcL 54, IWO. j KESSHS. Imring ib? grange j which fodfri SPJ.L an, dispensations were tasncd for urw pranETs U> nnmbpr of tl.rr" hundred sercnty seven These rr-rc an follows; California.................................... 7 OonnefticTrt................................... 58 Od'orado..................................... SO Indiana...................................... 9 SS Main" n JO t r t -t in. t t tl 1 ITS- OUK OWN MEDICINE, f-HANCE IS MIXING A DOSE OF M'KINLEYISM F0f> US. A Commission lit Work in on a New Duties to UctuUuto Against American Farmer Will Pay the Piper. Tariff zuaking is a guino that two can play at. Wo have had our inuinjj, v.-ith McKinlcy at the bat, and now the French are Laving their inning. We fancied that could build a high tariff wall that v.-ould keep out the "cheap paupjr made goods of Europe" and that the matter end there. Not so, however. A commission is now at work in Paris revising French tariff, and from all reports that come to us the French have learned the McKinley les- Eon that to "revise" means to revise up- ward. The motives assigned by the French commission for increasing duties should be an interesting matter to those people who hold the protectionist notion that one nation can obstruct commercial in- tercourse with another without any further harm to itself than the loss of imports, for, as in this case, retaliatory legislation may follow which may re- sult in a loss of exports. One of the reasons assigned by the French tariff commission for the higher duties now proposed is "the example given by dif- ferent foreign nations.'' 51. Paul Leroy- Beaulieti, one of the most distinguished of French economists, writes for 1'Economiste Francais a series of articles on the tariff as proposed by the commis- sion. This commission prefixed a report to its proposed tariff bill, in which the upward tendency of tariffs in various countries is described. Criticising that part of the report which refers to the United States, M. Leroy-Beaulieu says: "The expose of motives, which serves as a preface to the new tariff bill -pro- posed by the French government, next leaps the Atlantic at a bound. In Amer- ica it finds a soil upon which it delights to expatiate. The United States have not ceased to increase their tariffs; that of July 14, 1862, adopted during the war of secession, and the duties of which were already very high, has been revised in an upward direction by a whole series of laws, codified in 1874, modified again in 1875 and in 1879, recast by the act of March 3, 18S3, then by another still more vigorous of Oct. 6, 1890, and forti- fied by the rigorous formalities which Mr. McKinley has invented, the new regime of American tariffs makes the unhappy importer a slave of the custom house authorities, which can use these duties against him almost ad libitum.'' In a later article the sarae writer pro- tests against "copying the McKinley and adds: "Aside from the fact that, judging from the recent elections, the Americans are not very well satisfied with their McKinley tariff law, there are some things that must be overlooked in a big overgrown child, somewhat coarse and brutal, vaunting itself (very falsely) as being sufficient unto itself. All this talk about retaliation has a vexatious appearance of being pro- voked." From this it may be judged that in their new tariff law the French are put- ting a rod in pickle for us; that not only are they copying many features cf the McKinley bill, but that they will levy duties which are aimed especially at OUT products. An examination of the French project justifies this conclusion. In the first place this bill imposes two duties on nearly every article. First is the so called minimuia duty, or the one to be collected in ordinary cases. Above this and about 2o per cent, higher is the maximum duty reserved for those nations which do not grant France re- ciprocal favors in trade. But this is not in reality the maximum duty, for by a certain article of tfie bill the govern- ment is allowed in some cases even to increase the maximum provis- ion made, doubHess, as a counter irfitarft for our McKinleyism. To give free reins to the governing power in this way is in a line with po- litical ideas prevalent in Europe, but it is not more objectionable than what our protectionist congress has just doae in the humbug reciprocity feature ingraft- ed upon the McKinley law. This so called reciprocity allows our president to impose a tax upon our own people on their coffee, tea, sugar and hides, unless the nations producing these articles re- duce their tariffs oa our products. Very probably the French copied this feature of the McKinley law as a smart Yankee trick, w- ".1 worthy of imitation in a country where government by the peo- ple is so little developed as in France. At any rate, we may expect that the heavier duties of the proposed French tariff, whether the maximum or ultra- maxiinnm. are intended mainly for our product-. NJice it is precisely two McKinley customs aiminis- trativt- lav.- and the tariff iaw which Lave had most to do with arous- ing the- demand for higher tariff duties in It is against ns that the pres- ent bijfi agitation in France has been cur-Tied. Thi> fart makes it of special interest to to inquire what some of the French duties are. They concern mainly onr agricultural products. In 1880 we sold France pounds of lard, and this year pounds. Lard at present admitted free into France, but it is to go on the dutiable list at the minimum duty of one cent per pp'iivl. What higher duties are to f T> our lard have not ret Wf f'jrportpd 2.47S.OOO ponnda of tallow io France in 19S9 4.568.000 puur.cls this jf ar is on t'le free li.-i. th. law will it as yet tain. Our export? of cornel hff Franco in rx.ua.-. the duty ct-nu per 100 poarnii. The new miiiimr.m duty is to 4i rxT 100 ptiinds, n ftiil h'.gbfr duty for UA. One of OBI- largest to erode mioTAl oil, X- Ihu the figures bciujj fc-r 1880 and fur 1800. Tht ibtinjj duty is pur 100 new minimum duly will be Wheat and corn, of which ed IG.OOu.OOOl'unhelsto France 18PU, nro not mentioned in the new tariff bill, us cbo duties on adjusted ear- ly in the hr.Mim'jr. Corn, bec'ii on tlio v.-a-s inailo dutiable at about cents a American w heat was made dutiable at 33 cents a bushel, other wheat at 15 cents. These discriminations were the first fruits of the retaliatory agitation called forth in France by our McKinleyism. What further duties of a retaliatory nature the French are preparing for us will appear later on when their bill is completed and goes before the chamber of deputies next February. Enough, however, is already known to show the aim of the French in their present legislation to be that of re- taliation against us. If we build a Mc- Kinley wall against France we must not complain if she builds one against us. Our trade with France ia of no small advantage to ns. We sold the French worth of goods in 1889, and we bought from France to the value of If wo adopt the foolish McKinley notion that buying in France is harmful to us and seek to prevent it by McKinley duties, we must not wonder that France is equally foolish and tries to prevent her people from buying from us. It must be noticed that in order to pro- tect our manufacturers McKinley arouses a spirit of retaliation in France which will be directed against our farmers. This is but another case to show how, while the manufacturer dances to the music of protection, the farmer must pay the piper at the end of the frolic. M'KINLEY'S WOOLEN TAX. The Chicago Tribune Has Keen Doing Some Figuring. Some of the most tmjnst and most op- pressive dutiea in the McKinley tariff are the dutiea under the woolen sched- ules. Warm woolen clothing is a neces- sity with our people if anything is such, and to lay the oppressive hand of taxa- tion upon it after the McKinley fashion is to burden the people of this country to an extent almost criminal. The Chicago Tribune, the greatest anti-McKinley Republican paper of the west, has been doing- some figuring on these wool and woolen duties. The re- sult is given in the following table: Old. Merino wools 49 W 54 1C Combing wools 4314 61 5S Carpet wools GO 3i 00 Woolen worsted yarns 71 Gl 103 93 Woolencloths 71 43 90 32 Worsted cloths 6771 10333 Blankets, huts and flannels 69 70 110 84 Women's and children's dress g'ds, j OS 00 1 R5! Cotton warp 1 60 03 f d for dtman'i. Government bontU -leady: currency 6s. 1.09 bid: 4s i.-'J bid; do, 1.03 bid. Pacific railroad Union firsts, 1.10 bid: co sinking iunds, 1.08 bid; Centrals, 1-14H bid. _ Jsew York Produce Exchange. NEW YoR Pec. 17. T'ujl but steady. Fine sriuies of -.i'l. -5: do winter, S--90 y-JAO: s- pei- do winter. 4S.ij Xo. ".ring-. oo >'4.'i': No. 1 sprins. do winker, o.fiO; city mills extras. Z for Indies. Southern fi..ar .j: family "'.00. HICAT Dull. S ot lols nominally un- r-K d- Xo 2 red winter, Jl.i'o n graded red, afloat; Xo. 3 red, SI.'K: Nv. re.l vi inter, Dec. do do 1-V-, do COli Dull but firm. Spot lots quiet. Spot of Xo. mixed. Xc. X mixe'i i i- tiV: do Jan., do Feb.. OAl U nil and irregular. Spot lots lo-.vcr. Spot hK-s of .No. 1 wuite, Ko. 2 do. -i'.l'2'j. Xo 1 'nixei, 49c: Xo. 2 do. Ko. 1 L7i MM do Jan., 4Pc; 1 4 'or Ixiridon. and 14 SI ''t'bx i if d bolcn of th-.i T 1 r of fine qnalitT ''a T w.th -whi c QT-iV ste fine 1 to The mime higher of brtmght locrctara aii'l a? Jt w the and m-nfeil .iortn. At the clone, with cold in tlnn- wan blendineiw and a llruivr Kfato and new laid Linitd pniue LIVE There were in all 84 car- of you try received tli.H wuek, of them tli-; went. OhickeuH und sold at We Spring chickens Fowls, per lb 8X Old roosters 0 Dtickn, por pair Dressed Tho marki t with other meats and haH kept low pi iC'-cl. At tin- name tunt: holiday trade will wu'it flue poiil-r a-i a HPI ciulty. und gi-cce tor hr.stuias .vili bo wanted without w th vual or mutton, and uLiprJents the lant next week, and by t xprcin on Monday and TueKday of the week tvliowing, be likely to utriko the top demand of the year. We quote Choice. Litjht. Poor. TurkieK Spring chickens Fowls, dry picked Ducks, per pound Old cocks 6 Geese Glean Markets. OLJAN, Dec. The ruling prices paid by the leading dealers in Clean to-day were as fol- lows Butter, per lb fresh............ SJ to 2 2 Cheese 9 to 10 EKKH, per doz................... 22 to 25 Potatoes, new, per b............. 75 80 Oats 40 to 45 Beans 1 23 to a 00 Sheep pelts....................... 50 to 100 Lambskins....................... to 75 Cow hides, to 3 4 to 5 Bull hides, to 3 Wool.............................. 20 to 30 Hay, per ton...................... 6 00 to 8 00 Straw, per ton....................5 00 to Chickens, alive................... lii to Chickens, dressed................ 14 to Gensing........................ to S2.75 Grocers' Supplies. Prices given are asked by dealers: llour, pat. process, per sack.....1 90 straight roller process___1 70 good 45 graham per pound........ Oat meal, Akron 4 5 Sugar, coffee A per lb............ 7 granulated" 7 SoftA..................... 7 YellowC................... Yellow..................... e TeaK, Y. Hyson per lb............ 35 60 Japan per lb................ 20 60 Coffee. Eio per lb roasted........ 25 30 Mocha..................... 38 gov. Java.................. 30 85 Porto Rico molasses per gal..... 40 SO New Orleans molasses. 60 80 Syrup............................. 40 60 Rice............................... 5 Lime per bbl...................... 1 08 Cement per bbl................... 1 12 Cement. Improved Rosendale per bbl 1.75 Fire Brick, per M................. 25 00 Firo Clay per bbl.................. ig 200 Salt Acron per sack............. 85' Salt Higgins' Eureka, per sack.. 85 Salt by the barrel...............1 Ou Kerosene oil per gal.............. 10 12 I 89 I. Harper's Bazar. ILLUSTRATED. HAEPER'S BAZAR is a journal for the home. Giving- the latet-t information w th to the fa-hiona, its numerous illustrationsi fash- ion-plates and pattern-sheet suppl ments are indit-pensable alike to the home dressmaker and the professional modiste. No expense is spared ininakins iti artistic attractiveness of the higl est order. Its 'Clever short stories, parloi plays and thoughtful ess-ays satisfy all tastes, and itb last page is famous as a budget of wit and humor In its weekly issues every- thing is included which is of interest to wo- men. During 1891 Agnes B. will write a st-ries of art'cles on "The House fortable." Juliet Corson will treat of "Sani- tary Liviuu." and an interesting succession of papers on "Woman in Art and sn- pcib y illustrated, will be furnished The- odore Child. The serial stories will be by "Walter Bcoaiic and Thomas Hardy. HARPER'S PERIODICALS. Per Year: HAKPEIVS BAZAR HABPEE'S MAGAZINE 440 HAKPEK'S WEKKL1 4 00 HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE 8 00 Postage free to an subscribers in the. United Stales, Canada and Ulexico. The Volumes of the BAZAR begin with first Nnmber for January of each year. When no time is subscriptions willbepn with the number can en t at the time of receipt of order. Bound Volumes of HABPKE'S BAZAB for three years back, in neat oloth binding, will be sent by matt.' pontage paid, or by express, free of expeuse {provided the freight not exceed one dqlior pep fof per Tolnme. Cloth for each volume, suitable for binding, will be sent by mail, post-paid, on re- ceipt -f each. Remittances should be made by Poftoffioe Money Order or Draft, to avo-d chance of loss Newsptpers are sot to copy this ntfwrtttf- ment without the express order of HABPKB Address. HARPER BROTHERS. New York 1891. Harper's Young People. AN ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY. The Twelfth Volume of Harpt-r'n Younz People oegins on November 4. 1SW. This best and most comprehencirs weekl iu the world for youne readf-rg a rich and attract- ive program. In fiction there will be "Catnp- rrates, A Stir? of the bv Kirk Mnn- roe: "Men of a romance, by Howard Pyle- with illnpt- ations by The snthor; "Fly- iae Hill by Soph e Street; "The Moon Pnncf.-byR. K. Munkittriok: acd by Anriit- Kintr. In addition to five there will be stories in or tnree by Page, mar Hjorth Edwin Bvoif Harrirt Spofford. Msry E. Wilkjs Nora Perry othfTB. Short and tirlf-son ivicnce, travel, advent% eameii and fports. with of illntj tions of the highest character, will rett 's IVoplf for 3S9! unrivalled i y of tnc best reading for Iwys d V-'t vc-tkly pnbhrstion for vnr.nc p pie in f It ediU'd wi'h srrnpulo care and attention, and tntf taitiTnf-Tit urr- rninffltd in in jnit ti rieht proportions 1" csptivatr tht- th? yonng, and at th? same to dtveli tijf-ir thinking power. N. Y. Observer. TERMS: Postage Prepaid Per Yeti XII. 4, 'it Vfll.. X mid XT of Yoiinc i cop f bonnd in rlotb. mil hf-jw-nt by pontage paid, on n-c< ipt of Kt.w -t i' t' f a if-'' Or-Ur OT if los, Addirw: HARPER A BKOFHEBA N I JEWS PA PER I IN SPA PERI ;