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View Sample Pages : Oakland Tribune, April 09, 1963

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Oakland Tribune (Newspaper) - April 9, 1963, Oakland, California intrant fititarial fagc HOME O W N C O. C O NT O t L C O. E O I T E O ___________lumtx. um. 9. MM The Secretary's Wobbly Logic JUST IN TIME VICTOR MESfL Rarely has Secretary of State Deu Rod's logic been so wobfely as in htt re- cent charge that those who oppose for- eifi atd arc defcofeU who would allow tha Communists to begin to take over the world. Here, the man who hac heen the chief architect of tht Adminktratioa's "no-win" policy is accusing critics of f orejfn aid of whom would like nothing better than the ultimate triumph of the free desiring defeat! "Those who favor cutting these power- ful and effective instruments at this junc- ture of history must assume an awful said Rusk. Trouble is, foreign aid is no longer eith- er powerful or effective as a means to raise living standards in underdeveloped nations or as a means to combat com- munism. Like so many of his subordinates in the State Department. Secretary Rusk still clings to the materialistic notion that com- munism is bred by poverty and hunger, and can therefore be halted by relieving poverty and hunger. But this "stomach theory" of communism has little basis in fact, and the patent failure of foreign aid to halt the gradual advance of communism is eloquent testimony to this reality. Brazil, for example, which has been deluged with Yankee greenbacks, is heav- ily infiltrated with a virile and Communist web. Many critics of foreign aid helm that it actually abets tht Soviet he- lars to coMtrvet huge bureaurrades and socialized which their citizens to central control and pub- lic ownership. Those who oppose foreign aid in its present form are almost universally in fa- vor of legislation that would encourage private investment overseas by Ameri- can and European investors, large and email. As they see it, the salvation of the free world does not lie in massive doses of government-to-government aid, but in the outflow of private capital to under- developed countries. The influx of private capital into for- eign nations helped construct an apprecia- of voluntary social institutions and co- the very factors -.vhich separ- ate free world societies from totalitarian ones. Secretary Rusk's allusions to defeatism, and withdrawing Americans from for- eign lands, are simply fantastic. He seems to be attacking isolationists, even though there are scarcely any isolationists in existence. Most of all, Secretary Rusk determined to perpetuate the myth the infallibility of foreign aid, in spite 'of massive evidence to the contrary. Reelect School Directors The increasing complexity of Oakland's school problems places a greater em- phasis than ever before on the need for Board of Education members with experi- ence and proven good judgment. For this reason, among others, The Tri- bune urges the re-election of incumbent members of the Board, with particular at- tention directed to Carl B. Munck and Barney E. Hilburn, who face opponents. The present board has recently com- pleted a tremendous building program which won widespread approval. It has faced financial crises and met them with effective and appropriate action. It has handled explosive charges of "de facto segregation" with great restraint and calm evaluation. Establishing citizens committees, and accepting the advice and counsel they of- fer, the Board has maintained a close and continuous accord with public opin- ion, to a degree seldom experienced in a school organization. Mr. Munck and Mr. Hilburn have con- tributed substantially to these accom- plishments, both as members of the board and during terms as its president. In addi- tion, there are personal attributes which give each of them special distinction. Mr. Munck has earned nationwide rec- ognition as an expert in school affairs. He has served as president of county, state, and national school boards associa- tions, and has acted as consultant to dis- tricts, colleges, and universities through- out the country. He was recently appoint- ed to the National Committee for Support of the Public Schools, the top organiza- tion of its type. Mr. Hilburn is the first Negro to be- come a member of the Oakland Board. At a time when people of his race are properly seeking a voice in public af- fairs, he has made himself an asset not only to them, but to all citizens. He has conducted himself ably and effective- ly and has contributed well to a better understanding of racial attitudes. The people of Oakland should recognize good service and make it a special point to re-elect Mr. Munck and Mr. Hilburn on April 16. A complimentary vote for Mrs. Jane McCaffery and Mel Caughell, school di- rectors who are unopposed, is also in order. WASHINGTON REPORT Astronauts Will Try Daring Experiments By ROBERT S. ALLEN and PAUL SCOTT EJitari Tkl titn mrt Iktse tkc mmtktr arc frrsrntrJ here rttdtrt vtriity Tkt Tribmnt't ttt The U.S. is preparing to match Russia's latest space ''spectacular" with one of its own. An astronaut will attempt to "walk in space." He will open a trap door in an orbiting spacecraft and step out into space, more than 150 miles above the earth. For the astronaut's safety. he will be attached to the spacecraft by a special 20- foot "life line." and also will be equipped with one half hour's supply of oxygen. Approval of this daring space experiment has been given National Aeronautics Space Administration scien- tists by director James Webb. When the extraordinary proj- ect is announced later this month, the astronaut who un- dertakes it will be selected. NASA's "flight plan" for the tronaut to attempt to space tronaut to atempt to space "walk' early next year from a two -man Gemini spaceship. The other astronaut will con- trol the craft. During the experiment, the Gemini spacecraft win be trav- eling at some miles an boor. The space "walking" astronaut will wear a pressur- ized suit under a coverall gar- ment that will protect him from "heat, cold, and mete- oroid puncture.'' Probably no astronaot American or Soviet-tin so far taken the risk this daring pf> will face in leaving his Stffl my modi in the realm of the tnknown to the exact rate of speed the astronaut will travel once outside his capsule. On the basis of calculations. NASA scientists estimate the astronaut will travel at the same speed as his spacecraft. This untested theory is chal- lenged by the astronauts who have actually flown in space. They believe that the space- walking astronaut, like the "firefly" particle knocked off their spaceships during flight, will travel at a slower rate than his craft. If this theory is correct, the astronaut being pulled along by his Gemini could face new and unknown menaces. In his space walking mis- sion, the astronaut will not be affected by gravity nor will he be able to control his at- titude. The latter will be hi the hands of the astronaut who remains in the cabin. Should the 20-foot "life line" break, the astronaut confronts virtually certain death as the Gemini spacecraft is not de- signed to pick up a person floating in space. The astronaut would be able to say alive only as long as his oxygen lasted. After that ran out, his dead body would be incinerated when his orbit brought him into the earth's atmosphere. To keep the astronaut from exploding in space, special pro- tective dotting is being de- signed. This space sat will be the prototype for moon land- ing missions. The Gemini spacecraft used in this dramatic experiment is similar in shape but about SO per cent larger than the Mer- cury capsule in which astro- naut Leroy Gordon Cooper is slated to make a 22-orbit flight next month. The two-man Gemini space- craft, to be hurled into orbit by a modified Titan missile will permit rendezvous in space with another craft. The plan is for the astronauts to attach their craft to a satellite pre- viously sent aloft. Designed for use in orbits for up to two weeks at a time, the Gemini is the next step in the development of the Apollo space vehicle to be used in rendezvous and moon landings. Space scientists believe Rus- sia will soon put a two-man astronaut team in orbit, pos- sibly for the Communists" May Day celebration. Vice President Lyndon John- son. chairman of the National Space Council, hinted at this in a little-noticed paragraph in his speech before the National Rocket Club, as follows: "In this year of 1363 ft is possible that our efforts may be overshadowed by So- viet space shots. I urge, there- fore, that we not be discour- aged by publicized events bat rather be stimulated to even greater efforts for the coming year." ooo During this forthcoming 22- orbrt flight, astronaut Leroy Gordon Cooper will remove part of his pressurized suit for comfort during the long ma- son. In case of meteoroid puncture or depressarizitkNB of the cabin while thus partial- ly undressed, a specially-in- stalled "environmental con- trol system" will supply ad- ditional oxygen for about five minutes to allow him to get back into the suit. Unprotec- ted in a space environment. Cooper would have less than 12 seconds of useful conscious- ness. LETTERS TO THE FORUM Efficient Police Editor: It should be one's duty to speak in praise of any of our civic establishments when the conduct of the sys- tem is praiseworthy. In this instance, it is the sympathetically alert and businesslike and efficient pa- trol work of the Oakland City Police Dept., of whose serv- ices one would speak. Having lately taken our daughter to a late picture show in downtown Oakland, we remained quite too late perhaps for a repetition of the features I accom- panied our daughter to her borne near Market. It was then I stood on a dark intersec- tion of Market and a darker street near to the bus stop. A cruising police patrol car happened by on a careful patrol of the area. The police came to the curb by car and inquired in a usual routine my identity and destination. The bus so late did not ap- pear, or only one each hour ran at the early morning time. The enforcement officers counseled me to go to a better- lighted intersection I how- ever thought to wait a little longer for the bus back to Berkeley, where I lived. Twenty minutes later the same cruising patrol car came by and found me still negli- gently loitering in wait for the bus. This time the patrol of- ficers strongly impressed on me the peril of possible hold- up if I remained at the so- late hour at this point: one repeated, "they may jump you meaning for what I might have of value on my person, of course. As a matter of fact I had a good sum of money and a valuable watch on me. I grew frightened. I went to a private borne and called a cab. I thank the Oakland Police Dept. most heartily. FRANK H. Berkeley. You Said It... "By making such h- of minorities are emphaiixing our differ- and falling headlong into a Communist trap." See WRONG APPROACH ACLU's Ideas Editor: The Tribune is one of many news media that I read daily, and although I may not always agree with your overall reporting, one thing I do admire, and wish to compli- ment you on, is your apparent earnest desire to take a firm stand on preserving the basic standards that have made our country what it has been. I say, "has been" because I am not totally sure where we are. My main point in writing to you. is in regard to your edi- torial of March 29: "The Strange ACLU Mentality." I don't know when I have read an editorial that was so brief, yet said so much. Possibly I, hke so many others, have ac- cepted the actions of the ACLU as a matter of fact just another "Do Goodie'' organiza- tion, and have not seen them in their true perspective. I certainly want no part in condoning any organization that undermines the very foun- dation that our country was founded upon God- It seems very strange to me that the ACLU would use the word. Liberty, and then turn around and deny the power of God. I have in front of me an American half dollar. It has the picture of Franklin, and above him is the word. Liberty. Directly below him. is the famous motto, "In God We Trust." What a greatest statesmen were taught the precepts of God in their classrooms, yet we have a minority that is now dic- tating to us that this is to be abolished from this very class- room. V. L. WHETZEL. Danville. THROUGH OTHER EYES NEVER JUMP UP AND DOWN FOR JOY Ex-Red Organizer Broke With Party T're wr? art those G? tie ctithor ere ''-ere to jire a rcnery T're Tmv f ore expressed NEW YORK I usexl lo gun" for a rather prominent labor leader during the week? after he broke the Communists. We used to :neet on upper Broadway OB Alternate corners and sr.ake our way downtown. Melodramatic, yes. But so be :t. knew the of the Apparatus If anything was going to happen, he it to break m the presence of a Mfl Bur so be it. Now another has frjr.. The nist machine and rr.akes Alfred Hitch- cock's tales sound like an afternoon with the Audu- bon Society bird? and a" The latest to out of thr inter- national apparatus is a chap for whom I've waited 25 years John Santo, once the national general secretary and national director of organization of the Transport Workers I'r.inn 'TWL'1 lie eloped a brogue and passed himself off as Irish, though he Wrong Approach Editor: There is a new -Stamp Tax" bill being de- bated in Sacramento, which, if enacted into California law, could be as unjust to us as Americans as the act which precipitated the Revolutionary War. Under the subtle guise of protecting the rights of minorities against discrimina- tion in housing, this Bill AB 1240 Rumford Bill) actual- ly provides the way for ''due process of law" to operate and deprive us finally of real prop- erty and by legal means find ourselves in a Communist or- der. Here's how it would work: Someone of a minority group would want to rent or buy your property. His credit rating or situation is such that you do not consider him a good risk for you to take, but if you re- fuse him your property he can immediately assume that you did so on "discriminatory" grounds and bring you to court. Your property would then be tied up until you could prove otherwise. With court dockets already overcrowded it could take months to come to trial. In the meantime, you would have to pay taxes. The "little fellow" couldn't stand much of this. Soon the state would have your property. A really big owner might retain legal coun- sel for such emergencies, but even he couldn't continue in- definitely. We must not discriminate against anyone, particularly not against the taxpayer, if our representative form of government is to survive. As long as we pay taxes we must retain the right to decide such fundamental issues as to whom we shall rent or sell. Person- ally, our family has rented to so-called minority groups for years, never even thinking of them except in terms of friends. By making such an issue of minorities we are emphasiz- ing our differences and falling headlong into the Communist trap. If we took our political heritage seriously we would remember that it is the best interests of the majority that must prevail in a democratic or representative society ALICE MOXTDJ. Walnut Creek. Blackout Editor. I understand there is a resolution pending in our state legislature that would provide for repeal of the fed- eral income tax. It is known as the "Liberty Amendment" or MR 16. and is scheduled for hearing on April 9. It seems to me that the very nature of this controver- sial issue would be of vital im- portance to every wage earner in the state. What I fail to un- derstand, is this strange news blackout on the subject: Es- pecially in the face of an ad- ministration that has em- barked upon such a wild spending spree as this world has never seen'. STAN DUXPHY, Piedmont. Sewer Tax Editor: Comes now the sew- er tax! Could this possibly refer to the poor taxpayers' dollars that go down the sewer? MADELINE MOORE, OAKLAND. He was ordered into the because of the Leninist theory of concentration on the bottleneck industries of Capitalist lands. Re was in the full sense a revolutionary But for decades he denied every tharje. exposure. and smeared those of us and offi- cials as well who fought him. Finally in 1949. after an eight-year fight '.luring which a Communist front raised over in his behalf, and after being ordered deported, he went back to Hungary. After the grim holocaust of tanks in 1956. he re- volted in Budapest, broke and ran for Vienna with the Freedom Fighters. There he was contacted by my late good friend. Roland Elliott, with whom I worked in defense of the Tibetan Dalai Lama. El- liott talked to Congress-man Francis Walters. This past March Jchr. talked his heart out. told of his own darkness at noon, before the House Un- American Activities Committee. Brutal Repression There were many reasons for Santo's disillusion- ment. There was. for example, the moment in Buda- pest after the Soviet tanks had smashed the revolt. "I have seen innocent blood shed." said Santo. ''without any pretext or provocation at all. I recall that during the second attack by the Russian Red Army forces, tanks were patrolling the streets simply for the purpose of terrorizing the popula- tion ''Bread was scarce, and a line formed before a bakery One of the Russian tanks pulled into position and shelled that breadline, killing merci- lessly women who simply wanted to assure a loaf of bread for their families." How did John Santo get to Budapest? Back in 47. the Justice Department was breath- ing down his neck. They had him. He had been, ac- cording to his oun words. a Communist journalist, organizer of the unemployed, section or- ganizer of the Communist party. Bronx. City of New York a member of the District Bureau of the State Committee of the Ohio District of the Communist Party, member of the Trade Union Com- mission for New York (State) Beginning in '47 word came that the apparatus wanted him in Hungary. He was advised to see the ambassador of Communist Hungary, Endre Sik, in Washington. Santo saw him in the spring of '49. Sik told him to get the approval of the American Communist Party nothing like going through chan- nels. Joseph Peters Again And those channels, according to Santo's testi- mony in Washington some weeks ago, were none other than a man known as Joseph Peters the same "J. Peters" whom the late Whittaker Cham- bers called the "Comintern rep'1 Communist In- ternational Peters was Moscow's account executive in charge of the United States. In Santo's testimony before the House Committee this March 1, he said that, "Through Peters. I ap- plied for a decision of the secretariat of the central committee of the Communist party of the U.S. Santo then added that he believes the American Communist party had direct contact with Ambassa- dor Sik. Then, as Santo related it to the committee, Pe- ters invited him to a party in the Bronx. There he met leading Communists in a private apartment. This was in March 1949. Ambassador Sik took Santo into one of the bedrooms. The diplomat, who had come secretly from Washington, gave Santo a Hun- garian passport. This validated Santo's return to Hungary. Now Santo is back in the U.S. He has broken. TN3. TM Hell me. POTOMAC FEVER By FLETCHER KNEBU The Air Force rrote.-t5 civilian space agency spending to duplicate military facilities. It's a valid complaint that kind of waste has alwavs been the exclusive property of the Pentagon. JFK oh' pzrc'i or" 're The House Appropna'.ws e'd oien celebration earner by c-.t Ncv Frontier noiiey bill f'.c cr. Senator Goldwater only a "ir.irade" can re- elect Kennedy. Barry plans to win by using science. He knows lightning will strike. All he has to do is make it hit Rockefeller on the head. The Senate debates i.-ilderness bill. ore experts on the subject, hcrirg ;ust emerged weeks of wandering around in trostetand. Expense account chatter: Joe "Lend me 10 mil- lion bucks." "OK. so much for busi- ness. Now let's have a nice deductible lunch. A lot of wives go to tcork so they can afford the kind of c.'ofhfs then hate to wear to the fey MM mi ;