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Norwich Evening Sun (Newspaper) - August 21, 1968, Norwich, New York
The e veni Ngun vol. 79, no. I of wednesday August 21, 1968 Norwich new York 13815 10c per cop red Blitz catches czechs off guard Early resistance is j Light firing heard Prague apr the soviet Union imposing its will on Czechoslovakia sent tanks and troops into Prague today in an occupation designed to thwart the Small nations moves toward a liberalized Brand of communism. The lightning invasion began tuesday night and Moscow announced it involved forces of fast Germany Poland Bulgaria and Hungary As Well As those of the soviet Union. Moscow said it was Corning in to Render necessary help to the fraternal czechoslovak Moscow said it acted on an invitation from Quot party and government leaders in Prague to put Down a threat of counterrevolution irn Peiling the Structure of communism. No such invitation was announced Here. Some shooting was heard in Prague today but a statement Over Prague radio said czechoslovak forces tiny in comparison with the might of the soviet Union and the combined arms of four other communist states had received no orders to it fend the country. Prague radio appealed for restraint. Available information indicated the occupation had come off with Little resistance although the ctr news Agency said several persons were killed and 25 wounded As occupying troops entered the building housing Prague radio. Within hours soviet paratroopers had surrounded communist party Headquarters in Prague virtually imprisoning nine of the la presidium members and threatening to bring the eight month old Liberal czechoslovak regime under the soviet thumb. Czechoslovak leaders appealed to the nation to remain Calm and not to resist the advancing troops. But fighting was reported in several places Iii Prague and automatic weapons fire was heard for several minutes outside the . Embassy. That shooting gradually subsided. No one in the embassy could see who was firing. Prague radio reported that Quot citizens Are trying to Stop with their bodies the advancing soviet tanks which Are heading for the czechoslovak radio build other czechoslovak reported for work in some offices this morning. Many had tears Iii their eyes. Government leaders throughout the world called emergency meetings to assess communism a most explosive crisis since soviet tanks crushed the hungarian uprising 12 years ago. The soviet tanks and troops presumably were airlifted into Prague Airport for the attempt to crush Czechoslovakia s liberalization drive. Prague radio which broadcast intermittently throughout the morning said clashes had taken place Between the occupying troops and citizens who built barricades. An official soviet statement issued in Moscow said that soviet bulgarian polish East German and hungarian troops had moved into Czechoslovakia to save that country from the enemies of communism. Unconfirmed reports in Moscow said a coup in Prague tuesday deposed czechoslovak party chief Alexander Dubcek and replaced his Liberal regime with leaders who invited the soviet troops. But Dubcek a Llu Bis colleagues were reported meeting in the party scentral committee Headquarters the building surrounded by soviet paratroopers and tanks marked with White crosses. Czechoslovak president Lud Vuk so Latda was reported Iii hts office it Prague Castle which was surrounded by other troops. In Bratislava troops of five Warsaw pact countries were said to be holding key positions on main roads the Airport the Danube Bridge and the radio station. A crowd of Many thousands gathered in tile main Square in the Center of the City to demonstrate peacefully and express their support for Dubcek and the party leadership. Radio stations controlled by the Liberal government were forced off the air. Only Vltava described by Prague radio As an illegal station of the occupying armies remained on the air. It broadcast appeals to the czechoslovak military to support the invaders. There were unconfirmed re that two czechs were killed in a clash in Prague. A car was seen squashed by a tank but it was not known How the incident occurred. Prague radio at one a it int said shooting outside the radio building was gaining Iii intensity and that Quot Cannon firing could be heard. It broadcast an unconfirmed report that Cesti or Clear chairman of the czechoslovak National Council Quot has been de. Ported by three unknown men to an unknown Prague radio said the soviet bloc troops crossed into Czechoslovakia Quot without the knowl. Edge of the president of the re Public. Guards held hostage prison bargaining on Columbus Ohio apr state officials and rebelling Ohio Penitentiary convicts carried on a War of nerves today in bargaining the Freedom of nine guards against prisoner demands. The guards taken hostage in an uprising involving about 300 prisoners at the Penitentiary tuesday remained unharmed but under a threat of death. The convicts said they would Burn the hostages alive using gasoline and lighter fluid if officials attempted to use Force to free them or do not meet All the Pris. Owners demands. Quot we re at an impasse a stale mate a Warden Marion j. Koloski said. Quot the reason we spend so much time talking to the prisoners is because human lives Are at the guards were held in cells vacated by prisoners. While the tense situation dragged on a riot flared up arid was swiftly put Down at the states Lebanon correctional institution 75 Miles Southwest of Columbus. Five Lebanon prisoners were shot and some 20 other persons injured after 200 in mates reused to return to cells at the end of a recreation period. Some 600 other prisoners did return to Ceils. Three persons were hospitalized with gunshot wounds. The rampage lasted two hours be fore prisoners were forced into cells and the Lebanon medium Security prison was declared secure. State officials declined to speculate on any relation Between the two prison incidents. National guardsmen called to Lebanon were sent Home with out going to the prison while Columbus guardsmen moved into the Ohio Penitentiary Coin Pound shortly after Midnight to assist Highway patrolmen and prison guards. Inmates of the 132.year-old prison gained some demands amnesty for prisoners involved in the disturbance and an Rives ligation of alleged guard brutal itys but refused to release the hostages. Property damage was Sinai at Smjth the penitent Ary and the Lebanon institution. Small fires at both prisons were quickly sex. To anguished. Rebelling or lot Penitentiary in g eluded 89 men considered leaders in a not june 24 ors at the Lumbus in ring whet prisoners set fires and did other damage at a total loss estimated at $750,000. They had been held in two cell blocks pending completion of a state grand Jur investigation of the riot. Thi Penitentiary has 2,500 prisoners their Cellblock were opener tuesday morning after two convicts jumped a guard and Tooi his cell keys. Today a chuckle women can never be Man s equal until she sports a Large Bald spot on the top of her head and still thinks she a handsome. Sex czech citizen says most backed liberalized regime j Quot pm surprised it came so soon and by this was the initial reaction today of a Norwich phar Macal company scientist who in 1965 fled from Czechoslovakia. He is or. Frank Sipos 42-Vear-old senior research chemist who lived 20 years under communist Rule in his Homeland. He was one of several area residents contacted today for their reaction to the soviet bloc in. Vasion of Czechoslovakia during the night. Or. Sipos said that he Felt sure tha the soviets Quot tried everything to be Dubcek the liveral czech Leader before deciding on the invasion. The scientist who described life in the red nation As one Hugh concentration Camp a said he feels sure that the Kremlin will replace Dubcek with Antonin Novotny ousted in january after the liberalization movement took hold. Or. Sipos described Novotny As a Quot Hartline stalinist who would turn the czech clock Back to or 20 years. The chemist said that the liberalization movement began in 19g1-g2 but very slowly. He said that while living in Czechoslovakia during this period there were a few signs of liberalism. He said that the newspapers were Quot a Little More critical and some easement in travel restrictions. Tin easing of travel he said allowed him Ami his family his wife and two daughters then la and 4 to escape. They got permission to travel to Yugoslavia and then fled into Italy and subsequently came to the United states. Ile said that they decided to leave their country because old the concentration Camp life which a is not the Best atmosphere for bringing up children a n d the constant fear of arrest through some changes in policy. Or. Sips said that he Felt that the soviets moved when they did because they were tearful of the upcoming september meeting of the czech com nudist party Congress where they apparently Felt the liberalism movement might get out of hand. Or. Sipos said that he Felt sure that the majority a ii czech citizens As Well As red party members were up writing the new Liberal leadership and this forced die Kremlin to use m Litany might. The reaction of others contacted was similar. Fritz Danga of Norwich wha fled from Latvia in 1944 because of the imminent reoccupation of the country by the russians said that the night Tim action of the soviet forces was ii said they came into Latvia Estonia and Lithuania at night in Dun 1943. Quot they were grabbed in a similar Way at a native of Petrograd Russia in Danga was raised in Latvia lived there during the first russian occupation in 1943 Ani subsequent occupation by German troops in 1941, then fled to Sweden and ultimately came to the . A was unhappy As i am As to what a going on in Czechoslovakia its a goad reminder to americans that the threat of comm ism is the Sam. As it was years ago. Quot i was surprised that Dubcek in j a aged to hold out so Long. I was even beginning to think the russians might hive changed. It the invasion was a reminded to me and All americans that they have not or. Danga who is chief translator for the Norwich Phi my Cal company said that the soviets Are always Cri timing the United Stites for alleged a Zagres Sions us h As Vietnam but Quot they the Kremlin Call these kind of acts of Force liberation. A a an Ither Norwich pin Rascal pm. Love mrs. Johanna Depaul of Sidney a Junior scientific translator said the society action a hid to be mrs. Depaul whose Mother was born in Russia lived in Germany and Austria during world War la and left West germ by in 1952. A people always talk about Vietnam a she Slid Quot Bat whether we want to or not the West will always be in wars. The communists will never give up. Red China has its own designs As mrs. Depaul said that in her opinion wars Between countries As experienced in the past no longer will exist. A the wars will now always be Between the last and the bavarian born m s. Depaul said that the fact that last Germany participated in tile invasion of Czechoslovakia on the Side of the soviets is a a typical of the East West conflict As illustrated by East and West Germany. Counts on Rockefeller new York apr Richard m. Nixon is counting on the campaigning help of his Defeated rival for the gop presidential nomination new York gov. Nelson a. Rockefeller. The Gor Standard bearer headed into a meeting today with Rockefeller confident the new York governor will become a full fledged Backer of the Republican ticket. If he does it would help Nixon win the support of the More Liberal republicans who backed Rockefeller for the presidential nomination. Speaking from an Auto roof in front of his new York apartment tuesday night Nixon told boosters welcoming him Home from his first National trip Quot tomorrow in a going to meet with the leaders of the party in new York and we expect to get their in addition to conferring with weather fair a Little cooler to night Low temperatures in 50s and Low 60s. Thursday mostly sunny and warm with Low Tumi Dity High temperatures in upper 70s and Low 80s. Rockefeller in the apartment building where they both live Nixon also sought to recruit sen. Jacob k. Javits . Me and my j a Shadow six year old Richard Gai Vin follows his Friend Jeff Simmons 12,along Warner Road town of Norwich As beating Sun rays make Summers Bike a and Trike Riding a pleasure. Bicyclist is son of or. And mrs. Robert Simmons of Polkville Hill and his a Shadow Quot is son of or. And mrs. Richard Calvin of Warner Road. Photo by Casey Jones crisis spells trouble for doves Chicago Ari a at a sensitive Momut Iii Africa ii politics the soviet unions troop thrust Iii Czechoslovakia is Likely to Harden the foreign affairs posture of democrats convening in Chicago and of the Republican party As Well. Among dem crafts. The crisis in Eastern Europe probably will assist vie president Hubert h. Humphrey who already is the commanding Leader for tin presidential nomination to be awarded at the party a National convention next week. His chief rival sen. Eugene j. Mccarthy of Minnesota is banking heavily on a convention Battle Over Vietnam War policy to bolster his bid to overtake Humphrey. But echoes of the european crisis undoubtedly will make the task of democratic doves far More difficult. For the convention is not Likely to adopt a conciliatory Plank on dealing with the communists in Vietnam Ike s condition reported same Washington apr former president Dwight d. Eisenhower is resting comfortably and receiving visits from Mem hers of his family although he still suffers Brief periods of irregular heart beat. This was the sum of the latest medical bulletin issued by doctors at Walter Reed army hos Pital tuesday night. They added that the 77-year-old Eisenhower s condition remained essentially unchanged throughout the Day As they sought to bring him through his seventh heart attack suffered last Friday. While communist troops in Europe Are on the Anarch. The movement by soviet Post ish East German Hun aria and bulgarian troops came Ift or weeks of tension Over internal liberalization of the czech communist regime. The trend represented a break with Midline communism. The soviet government said its troops moved at the a quest of Czechoslovakia to meet a threat to the socialist system. While the situation was not Clear its Impact on the democratic platform hearings under want in Washington could Only be one of stiffening attitudes toward the communist world. Preside it Johnson summoned the National Security Council into crisis session and candidate Humphrey is a member of that Pant i. If the crisis persists the Polit lbs consulting his key advisers Washington apr president Johnson consulted with key advisers Well into the in Truing hours today after he was told in a secret meeting by soviet ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin that the soviet Union was inv Ding Czechoslovakia. Johnson and vice president Hubert ii. Humphrey or closeted together Iii the a Lute House until after 3 a. In Hilt was Long after the president met in emergency session till the National Security Council which advises him on crucial military and foreign policy matters. As Johnson and Humphrey went into their Post Midnight conference both san led r Lily at newsmen in the big i Abby near the presidential Dice. Earlier alter the 55-minut Csc meeting Johnson was Grill my us in Ling. Smiles or not official ish in ton was viewing wit keep concern the unfolding in Miry drama Iii Czechoslovakia. But at least in the initial phases Viry Little was but ing said officially and publicly. Dobrynin it was Learned called the White House tuesday evening to sek ail unusual after hours appointment with Johnson. When the w is granted. He showed up in the presidential office bearing an official notification that troops of the soviet Union. Poland and East Germany were entering Czechoslovakia. This was at about the Sam a time that the White House was receiving an associated press bulletin quoting Prague radio As announcing that troops from the neighbouring communist states were crossing the czech Frontier. Press Secretary get re Christian said Johnson a cud quickly to Convene the Csc on the basis of information supplied by do Brynart. He declined to go into details though on the Content of the envoys m s Sage. Leal drawbacks of identification with president Jour Sony a administration and its Vietnam policy May be offset for Humphrey by the tendency toward National Unity behind the government which normally occurs in times of International tension. In fact there has been the expected flurry of gossip that in this time of crisis there might be a late starting movement to draft Johnson himself for the nomination though lie has said he would not accept renomination. For the republicans and their presidential nominee Richard m. Nixon Ute re was a tinge of irony Iii the european Clevelon ments. Two weeks ago Nixon accepted his nomination with a speech in which lie held out Hope for a time of negotiations with the communist world. Quot after an Era of confrontation a he said Quot the time has come for an Era of negotiations. Hanoi Rivil Iii Quot raid bases ave parts apr ambassador w. Averell Harriman said today that North vietnamese forces live been building Quot bases for attack in the Southern half of the demilitarized zone Between North and South Vietnam. Going into the 18th session of the Paris peace talks Harriman declared that . And Allied forces in a recent strike into the zone had captured an order for an attack by a Northern Battal Ion into South Vietnam. Quot this again indicates a Harriman told reporters Quot that the North vietnamese have not been willing to undertake any measures of restraint. West Europe sees Hope shattered London apr the Swift soviet bloc thrust into Czechoslovakia shattered Hopes of West european leaders that the czechoslovak might be Able to work out some Freer Mode of life. Some analysts of soviet affairs had cautioned that soviet action was inevitable unless there was a Clampdown on the new liberalism. But most expected tile soviet Union to com. Bine external pressures and internal subversion rather than use military Force. Soviet ambassador Mihail n. Smirno sky brought the first word to the British government in a pos Midnight Call at the Home of lord Chalfont minister of state in the foreign office. He delivered an Oral message for prime minister Harold Wilson who immediately returned to London from a vacation in the Scilly Isles. Wilson called key ministers for a morning meeting and stayed in Contact with Washington and other nato allies. Phillip Kaiser minister at tile . Embassy conferred with Chalfont and other British offi dais at4 . Foreign Secretary Michael Stewart also hurried Back from a Holiday trip. At Downing Street he told newsmen Quot it is very serious news indeed com. Lug particularly at the time when opportunities for better relations Between Earl and West existed if there had been the will to make use of Wil son made no comment to news men. Sir Alex Douglas Home exp rime minister and spokesman on foreign affairs for the oppose Don conservative party a statement Quot russian use of military Force h turned Hie world at on to the atmosphere of to in Bonn West German cellar Kurt Georg Kieski. His Cabinet conferred night of studying news ii is and diplomatic report issued cond the invasion As Quot a Clear Tion of czechoslovak Sov to and interference in it Nal Bonn thus broke id standing policy Oid co a ii int on the Liber Alii cd to Slovakia. Foreign minister will i and defense minister it Schroeder were on v Brandt aboard a ship o norwegian coast Schrot i i in rude re Roke cold ban a and r a Tell. Then a Ling a Iola. Igniter. Long filing in in Randt hard Tion t the r on Hie North sea Island of Sylt. Both headed for Bonn when the news broke. At his summer residence in c Astel Gandolfo Italy Pope Paul i delivered a prepared address for his last general audience be or he was to leave for Colombia. Then he added that he Hopes Quot the dignity of a people jealous of its destiny will not be offended by the soviet bloc invasion. He said he Hopes a Wisdom will prevail Over any addressing himself to the czechoslovak people he said Quot this appear Nice of Power can not but provoke trepidation in our spirit which shares the feeling of your entire he called for avoidance of Quot conflicts of violence and Vatican informants said the Pope would proceed on his planned trip to latin America. As in Washington and London soviet ambassadors made Calls to other nato leaders. In Paris ambassador Valerian Zorin called on Bernard Tricot secret a r y a e n e r a i of president Charles de Gaulle a Elysee Palace to inform him of the troop move rents. De Gaulle was quickly alerted As were Premier Maurice Couve de Murville and foreign minister Michel Debre. Couve was in the French Alps on vac a Tion. A government plane was sent to Geneva to pick him up. There was no immediate reaction from the government or from the French communist party which has strongly of. Posed any soviet pressure on the czechoslovak Reform program
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