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New Philadelphia Times (Newspaper) - December 9, 1886, New Philadelphia, Ohio A Delphi hues. Amu i r a i opt a a Ohio. I new York former governors five Are still living fish Hoffman Robinson Cornell and Cleveland. Marvin Smitti Montville Conn., thought it hard because he had to Speed one Hundred and second birthday in bed recently. In polite circles they no longer say a person a wrinkled face. The Correct thing to declare that mrs. Soands a Corduroy countenance. The locomotive whistle now wakens the goblins Mammoth Cave. The Railroad got there and civilization takes formal pos it Essie the largest known Hole in the ground. Forty Aberdeen d. To bachelors ate thanksgiving dinner together the understanding that the first one married should the Bill. Meanwhile the landlord whistles for Money. Or. Mcgee who was elected to the Georgia legislature by the Farmers Murray county introduced a Bill limiting mercantile profits the necessities life to til teen per cent under severe penalties. The busts vice presidents Hamlin Wheeler Arthur Adams and Jefferson will be the first live placed in the niches the North Wall the Senate chamber provided in the Resolution passed by the Senate. A a a mls i a new yorker offers to bet that he will live Bay and Oats for a Hundred a. A cont Morary refuses to take the bet until lie finds out whether this new yorker two four legs and ascertains How Long ears Are. Mrs. Gone Xvi. Grant will visit Washington during the Winter. She will be the guest general Beale and wife. This will be mrs. Grants first visit to Washington since she went there the general in the Winter 1881. An editor in Minneapolis figured out that a Seal skin Jacque for the Bartholdi statue would Cost $273,48a de cent Bonnet �11,183 and a pair shoes �1,817. The cold wave makes tiie Minneapolis husband and father . Mrs. Sophia Brown Winsted Conn., though ninety seven years old reads Ali daily newspaper avidity knits sews threads her own Needle makes her own Caps assists in the housework and grumbles because she in not permitted to do More. They arc still having earthquake shocks in and near Charleston but the people have become so accustomed to \ them that Thev Don t mind them much. Probably they will soon be wondering How they Ever got along without earthquakes to Rock them to sleep at night and Wake them in the morning. going in All parts the country. Philip Biddle California died leaving an estate valued at �000,000, which according to will son and daughter Are to receive ten dollars each. soon the lawyers heard this there was a Stampede and about forty them Are working the claim shr a. Probably the last letter cd president Arthur Ever wrote was addressed to 1 William w. Wright Geneva n. It was dated november 14 and received the Day the writers death. It acknowledged the receipt a sketch judge Folger by . Wright who besides being an Active politician a Man Good literary taste and was written in a firm bold hand. A a eight years have wrought Little change in the physical appearance Dwight l. Moody the world renowned evangelist a says the Boston record. A blessed apparently an Iron Constitution he reappears before the Boston pubic the same characteristics form and feature the same peculiarities voice and delivery the same Man in Short but slightly the death sex president Arthur the fact that but two survivors the office to which he was elected Are living Hannibal Hamlin and William a. Wheeler. March 4, 1881. Both these men retired from Public life the former ending term United states senator from Maine the latter ending term vice president. Or. Hayes the Only sex president the United states now living. The annual report the postmaster general shows that there Are in the country 54,157 offices Over three times Many any oth r country. Of the total 7.863 Are Moncy Oiler offices. The maintenance the system for the last fiscal year Cost �50,839,340.46. This affords quite a contrast the report Benjamin Franklin the first postmaster general the United states which showed the existence seventy live Post offices receipts �27,985 and expenditures $32,-142. Noah baby Plainfield n. J., visited and took thanksgiving dinner a great Gran id aught r at Roselle in that state. He said a slam 115 years old near i can make out. 1 very Well remember seeing the first press a nit the unit d states. 1 was in the War 1812, and served the for Gate Constitution. I came to reside in new Jersey eighty years ago. My by sight never a led me but it not Good it was. My health tolerably Good for a Man my age. A a. A. Bodde a Cleveland dutchman for some time annoyed mrs. Garfield widow the late president by writing her inters advice Etc and even brazenly visited the widow country dwelling at Mentor A few Days ago he again made appearance and being refused permission to mrs. Garfield he cursed and swore and took departure. He was followed by officers to Painesville and arrested and placed in the poor House for Safe keeping. He thought by some to be insane. After the close the regular services in Plymouth Church Brooklyn a few sundays ago a delegation christianize Dakotah Ami Choctaw indians under the charge a missionary Sang religious hymns in their native Tongue an i the head Man made an address which was interpreted to the audience. Or. Beecher in introducing the indians said that the great work evangelizing the indians it Vas progressing very rapidly and was producing remarkably successful results. News summary important intelligence from All parts from Washington. The Public debt statement for november follows total debt including inter estf1,703,<96,270 less Cash items Avail Able for reduction debt and Reserve Bills for redemption United states note $324,071,553$1,391,436,254 Cash in treas Ury 340,903,556 Dot less amount in Treasury $1,351,342,693. Decrease during november $3,005,249. Tun comptroller the currency the 1st reported that the amount National Bank notes outstanding was $299,016,871, being a decrease during the last month $2,216,959, and during the last year $18,-130,248. In annual report the 1st the commissioner agriculture says that american agriculture developed into colossal proportions during the last thirty years and says the past year been one medium fruitfulness the crops being ample for Homo needs and for foreign demands. Fon the first four months the present fiscal year the internal Revenue receipts were 338.485.411, a decrease $1,468,243 compared the same period last year. On the 24 the president issued a proclamation promulgating the extradition t Reaty Japan. The treaty provides for the surrender persons accused convicted murder counterfeiting forgery embezzlement burglary perjury rape arson malicious destruction property every kind. The fire losses in the United states and Canada during november were the 2d estimated at $10,000,00j�?one-third greater than the november average since the great Poston tire in 1872. An appropriation $25,118,718 for next year asked for by the Secretary the Nav. There were 238 business failures in the United states during the seven Days ended the 3d, against 204 the previous seven Days and 247 in the corresponding week inn. The total from january to Date 9.400, against 10,253 in 1885, a decline s53. Secretary Lamar in annual report the 4th says that the expenses the Indian Bureau for the fiscal year were ,-193,751, and that a general improvement in the moral and Industrial condition the indians was apparent. The total area Public lands disposed during the year was 24,614,419 acres for which $9,031,084 was received. The United states treasurer annual report issued the 4th, says that the net receipts the government during the year ended june 30 were 3336,439,727, and the net expenditures $242,483,138. The receipts the Post Oft Lee department not included in the above statement amounted to $52,-997.135. The exchanges at Twenty six leading Clearing houses in the United states during the week ended the 4th aggregated $1,298,618,317, against $1,021,293,845 the previous week. compared the corresponding we a 1885, the decrease amounts to 19 2 per cent. The clerk the House represent a fives the 4th completed and caused to be printed an unofficial list members the House for Tho fiftieth Congress. He classifies 111.-in 168 democrats 152 republicans and four independents. The annual report the 4th the Secretary War shows that the expenditures the department for the fiscal year ended june 3>, 1sswere $j6,993,933. The army consists 2,103 officers and 23,946 enlisted men. On the the total amount United states notes outstanding was $316,681,016 Silver certificates $105,519,817. There was 61,761.448 Saver dollars in circulation. A fire the 5th totally destroyed Herzog opera House building in Washington. Loss $115,000. The East. The declaration was made the 1st by a Doc Wilson the plaintiff in the famous lawsuits against p. E. Moen Worcester mass., the millionaire Barb wire manufacturer that he the son Moens first wife and that he was cast off when a child to avoid Public scandal. In new York the 1st p. D. Armour said that the strikes at the Stock Yards in Chicago had unsettled Confidence that no one dared to increase facilities and that he would to compelled to extend interests further West. The two sons John Loo aged five and six years and a son Robert Pulver aged six years broke through the ice and were drowned in a Pond at Joy Wayne county n. Y., the 1st. The Republican anti Saloon state convention in session the 1st at Cortland n. Y., adopted the name a new York state Temperance Republican it was resolved to include High License among the measures Temperance Reform and to try and secure the nomination men for office favourable to the leagues object. From the Coke regions Pennsylvania advices the 2d wore to the effect that ten thousand covers were preparing to strike at the end the month if the operators did not concede the demands made some time ago. In reference to a a Doc Wilson a Story that he the son p. L Moen the records at Oxford mass., show that he was born there december 1, 1853, eleven months after Tho death mrs. Moen. The Deal cation Reed late treasurer the South Boston horse railway was placed at 3403,030 the 2d. Eight hotel restaurant proprietors in Hartford were arrested the 21 for using Ole Margarine their tables without displaying the placard required by the Law Connecticut. Boston advices the 3d report the wrecking several vessels the Atlantic coast during recent storms and the loss Many lives. The House occupied by a family named Powell was burned near Tyrone pa., the 34, a Man name4 John Barr and a child Powell perishing in the flames. The jury in the ease the National soldiers Home against general b. F. Butler for retaining Money while he was treasurer found a verdict at Boston the 3d for 816.537 against the defendant. On the 3d mrs. Lyman Porter Mother a Doc Quot Wilson said at East Thompson Conn. That she Wilson Mother that Jonas Wilson was father and that she never saw heard Philip l. Moen until recently. The opera House at Brockton mass., occupied by several firms was destroyed by fire the 3d. Total loss $220,000. The failure the Boot and shoe House a. P. Martin a co., Boston who stood at the head the Trade m new England occurred the 4th. The liabilities were Over $-300,60. Four factories would be closed. On the 5th the Law All kinds to be closed enforced in new York City. On a Wager Twenty five dollars Michael j. Hess a labourer jumped from the Brooklyn Bridge the 4th. He was taken from the water uninjured. Chester a. Arthur will which was offered for probate in new York the 4th, covers 3150. 00 Worth property. The son to receive one half the estate when thirty years age the daughter one half at the age Twenty three. While crossing Lake Champlain the ice the 4th at Dresden n. Y., Oliver Allen and two Young a Hildru were drowned by the breaking the ice. West and South. The other Day e. B. Brown teacher a school in Boone township Harrison county ind. Dismissed school because three coloured children presented themselves pupils. The affair caused much excitement. Of the 1st Ciesar Robinson coloured was lynched at Florence. C., for criminally suiting a Young White girl. Up to the 1st the loss by hog cholera in Miami county. Ind., had reached 323,000, and the disease was still prevailing. Indiana republicans the 1st organized a state league at Indianapolis to be known the a Lincoln j. N. Huston chairman the Republican state committee was elected president. The object to prepare for the Campaign 1888. On the 1st a cold wave swept Over the Northwest. In Minnesota the thermometer ranged from 28 to 10 degrees below Zero. In Dakota the cold was severe and a 1 trains were blockaded by Snow. In Chicago 3 degrees below Zero was reported. Near de Kalb tex., four negroes wore lynched the 1st for the murder a Farmer named George Taafe. On the Northern Pacific passenger trains collided the 1st a curve near Musko a. Four employees were killed both engines were wrecked and the mail car and four others were consumed by fire. Thomas Seay was inaugurated governor Alabama the 1st. He pronounced himself in favor Federal Aid to education in the states. November was degrees colder in the Northwest than the average for Twenty two years. Some three thousand Coal miners in the Mahoning Valley struck the l3t for a�4ucrease wages. Official returns the 1st from the to disputed counties in Washington Territo show the it the legislature Republican c joint ballot by two majority. It was announced the 1st that too i Ore. Mize Book keeper and cons death. Manager for Miner t. Ames president he Chicago and Minonk Coal and cok1 company was a defaulter to the extent 100,003. The failure Hernstein amp Prince St. Ouis opticians occurred the 1st for 400,000. Large parties chinese it said con Niue to Cross from British Columbia into Vav Ashington territory carrying packages it Eli wed to contain opium and other duty Ible articles. Great excitement prevailed in mining Hare operations at san Francisco the 2d, and several brokers failed for Large amounts. During an affray the 2d in Pitt county n. C., Thomas Smith and John Dennis were killed. Near Trenton Ark., Lavina Brown beheaded her husband an axe the 2d in a family quarrel. Both Are coloured. In the Vicinity the hot Springs Arkansas Miu no excitement had the 2d caused the location claims every Avail Able tract near Bear Mountain. The oldest mining Stock firm in Nevada l. B. Frankel amp co failed in Virginia cite the 2d, liabilities $915,000. In the store Robert Hall near Bellaire o., a powder explosion the 2d blew the end out the building fatally wounding three persons and severely injured four others. The signal office announced the 2d that the cold wave which was passing Over the country extended from the upper lakes to the Gulf and from the Rocky mountains to the Atlantic. At Summerville. A eight Light earthquake shocks occurred the 2d. Shocks were also Felt at Charleston. At Fayette mo., the court House All the records were destroyed by fire the 2d. On the 3 i b. Frederick withdrew hit resignation seat in Congress from the fifth District Iowa. A fire the 3d Laid waste a Section the business portion Carlisle ind. Farmers Miami county ind., say that the wheat crop was almost entirely ruined by the cold snap. Unknown persons opened the lock Gates the canal at Delphos o., the 3d, and in a Short time the North portion the town was submerged and dwellings rendered uninhabitable. Or. G. N. Kwider. Of Springfield 111., reported a Case Lump jaw in a Young woman the 3d, the first Ever known in the United states in a human being. The thermometer at Moorehead and St. Vincent minn., at six clock the morning the 3 1 stood 29 degrees below Zero. On the 3d b. F. Perry provisional governor South Carolina in 1833, died at Greenville aged High to one years. In the Federal court the 3d at Indianapolis judge Woods sharply rebuked the grand jury for failing to indict parties charged mutilating and forging returns at the recent election. An association been formed by influential Cit Zens Northern Louisiana to put an end to the inter marrying Whites and Blacks. Eight men were badly Frozen while working a Steamer near St. Louis the 31. And the hands and feet four them would have to be amputated. Mrs. Amelia Sii Ubeck a House at Logansport ind., was destroyed by fire the 3d, and her Little four year old child perished in the flames. At St. Cloud minn., Arnold a flour Mill was wrecked by an explosion the 3d, fire completing the disaster. Gus Krause the night Miller was fatally burned and Twenty thousand bushels wheat wore destroyed. In a Chicago restaurant the 3d John c. Mann Minneapolis commenced the task eating thirty Quail in thirty consecutive Days the Wager being $1,090. Only three successes in thi3 line adorn the records. The Detroit pipe company a factory was burned the 3d. Loss $109,090. In Michigan Tho total Toto for governor at the late election officially canvassed the 4th, 380.885. Luce Republican 1s1.4 t 4 Yaple Futon 174,042, and Dick Prohibition 2,5,174. Luce a plurality 7.432. The failure Charles Broas amp co., whole ale dealers in Boot and shoes at Detroit for $100,090, occurred the 4th. The n it Encampment the grand army the Republic will be held at set. Louis the last week in september. In Virginia and South Carolina a heavy Snow fall occurred the 4th. The death general j. B. Foley formerly a member Congress from Indiana occurred the 5th at Greensburg at the ago eighty years. A fire destroyed the Halsted Street opera House in Chicago the 4th. Hogs to the number 639,099 we slaughtered in Chicago from october 31 to the 4tli inst., against 1,032,000 for the corresponding period last year. Compelling stores sunday was strip Tiv foreign intelligence. Canadians will make an Effort to keep the St. Lawrence River open All Winter. Denmark capitalists have subscribed about $1,250,009 to found a Colony in the Northwestern Quarter the 2 United states. D. Sullivan was the 1st re elected lord mayor Dublin. By an explosion in a Colliery at Durham England thirty men were instantly killed the 2d. One the members the geological Survey reported to the Canadian government the 2d that the Coal deposits in Tom Saskatchewan Region were inexhaustible. A fire the 21 destroyed the ancient Church St. Mary Magdalene in London four warehouses the same Street. Loss $500,000. Advices the 2d state that the French steamship Chaude Nagore twelve Hundred French troops Board foundered during a Cyclone near Algiers and that All hands were lost. The King , in Africa and Twenty subjects were killed in a recent encounter French soldiers. The French Cabinet tendered its res guar Tion to president Grevy the 3j. At the National theater in the City Mexico mine. Patti engaged to sing five nights in january. An alleged agent Patti put in an appearance Talmre and after Selling $20,009 Worth tickets left Tho 3d for parts unknown. A Gale the 4th wrecked the bark Mary Agnes de Costa near Halifax and the Captain and Crew fourteen men were drowned. Later. William Mcdonald and Edwin Forest were arrested at St. Louis the oth they were dividing $4,000 Worth jewelry stolen from e. H. Kort Karns. L. B. Hersom amp son Tannery at South Berwick me., burned the h. Causing a loss $75,000 to $100,009 insurance $25,000 the United states supreme court decided that the Louisiana lottery exempt from taxes under its charter. Of Donovan Rossa. The deposed chief the fenian formed an Alliance the Philadelphia members that order and will organize a separate body. E. P. Give Eleaf an eccentric miser Boston who died a few Days ago at an advanced age left All property valued a Between $300,000 and $500,000, to Harvard College. The will the late Charles Francis Adams makes one Public request $10,000 to it the Adams Academy Quincy which the Grandfather the deceased was the foun Der. The rest Tho estate equally Divi tied among members the family. A few Days ago p. P. Underwood a Rani Carrier was found dead in the Road thro Miles West Pierce Mills in Marioi county Ark. He had been shot i pistol and the mail bags Cut open and rifled their contents. The president appointed George a Allen to be United states attorney for the. Western District Pennsylvania vie. William a. Stone suspended for offensive partisanship. The roof Tho Stock House the Day Tor Coal and Furnace company near Chattanooga temi., caved in a few nights ago account the heavy fall Snow. The Foreman named Kerner and two negroes were fatally injured. The second session the forty ninth con Gress convened the Goth. Senator Shermar called the Senate to order at noon and Rev. j. Butler offered prayer. Committees were a pointed to notify the House that the senat was in session and to wait the president senator Williams credentials were presented by colleague senator Sanford and he was sworn in. Some Bills and petitions were introduced. After which a recess was taken until two clock when the president message a received and read. Or. Blair announced the death late colleague. Or. Pike and a Mark respect to Bis memory the Senate adjourned the House was called to order by the speaker at noon. The Roll Call showed 241 members present. The Senate and president were notified that the House was ready for Busi Ness. Messes. Cox and Henry Bacon new York and Henry w. Rush Maryland were sworn in members. The House then took a recess until two clock when the message was received and read. It was ordered printed and referred to the committee the whole. Or. Hewitt new York announced to the House the death the late congressmen from new York. Lewis Beach and John Arnot. ., and a similar duty was per formed by . Caswell Wisconsin who announced the death colleague w. Price. A committee was appointed to attend . Price funeral and then a Mark respect to the memory the deceased representatives the House adjourned. Tiie message president Cleveland a annual message to Congress. On foreign relations discussed at great length Hope that the fisheries question will he settled acceptably before the close Congress. Synopsis the message. Washington dec. 7.�?president Cleveland a message opens the usual Survey foreign relations and one third the message devoted to a discussion and review foreign relations. Our government he says consistently maintained its relations Friendship toward All other Powers and neighbourly interest toward those whose possessions Are contiguous to our own. Few questions have Arisen during the past year other governments and none these Are beyond the reach settlement in Friendly Council. The cruel treatment inoffensive chinese in the far West alluded to and in speaking a remedy he says the Paramount duty maintaining Public order and defending the interests our own people May require the adoption measures restriction but they should not tolerate the Long Here their main Market Supply find demand the welfare Cuba and Porto Kico and their production and Trade Are scarcely less important to than to Spain. Their commercial and financial movements Are so naturally a part our system that no obstacle to Fuller and Freer Intercourse should be permitted to exist. The standing instructions to our representatives at Madrid and Havana have for years been to leave no Effort Unes Sayed to further these ends and at no time the equal Good desire Spain been More hopefully manifested than now. The government Spain by removing the consular tonnage fees cargoes shipped to the Antilles and by reducing passport fees shown its recognition the needs less tra Meled Intercourse. He recommends that provision be made for the immediate discharge from custody prisoners committed for extradition where the president opinion that surrender should not be made and Renews recommendation last year that existing legislation concerning citizenship and naturalization be revised. To have he says treaties Many states providing for the renunciation citizenship by naturalized aliens but no statute found to give effect to such engagements nor any which provides a needed Central Bureau for the registration naturalized citizens. The report the Secretary the Treasury exhibits in detail the condition the Public finance and the several branches the. Government related to department. The president especially directs the attention Congress to the recommendations contained in this and the last preceding report the Secretary touching the simplification and amendment the Laws relating to the collection our revenues and in the interest Economy and Justice oppression individuals a special race. Much this violence can be traced to Raee to the government he Hopes they May be adopt prejudice and Competition labor which Cande by appropriate legislation. The Ordinary not however justify the oppression strangers whose safety guaranteed by our treaty China equally the most favored nations. In opening our vast Domain to alien elements the purpose our Law givers was to invite assimilation and not to provide an Arena for endless antagonism. 1 am not without Assurance that the government China whose Friendly disposition towards i am most Happy to meet half Way in devising a comprehensible remedy by which an effective limitation chinese receipts the government for the fiscal year ended june 30. 1886. Were $330,439,727.06. Of this amount $198,005,023.41 was received from customs and $116,805,936.48 from internal Revenue. The total receipts a Here stated were $13,749,-02u.g8 greater than for the previous year but the increase from customs was $11,434,084.10, and from internal Revenue 14,407,210.94, making a gain in those items for the last year $15,841,105.64, a falling off in other resources reducing the total increase to Tho smaller amount mentioned. The expense at the different custom houses collecting this increased emigration joined to Protection those chinese customs Revenue was less than the expense at subjects who remain in this country May be secured. Legislation needed to execute the provisions our chinese convention 1830, touching Tho opium traffic. While the Good will the columbian Golem tending the collection such Revenue for the preceded year by $490,698 and the increased receipts internal Revenue were collected at a Cost to the internal Revenue Bureau $155,944.99 less than the expense such collection for the ment toward our own country Manifest the previous year. The total Ordinary expenses the government Lor the fiscal year ended june 30, 1886, were $242,483,138.50. Being less by s17,-788,797 than such expenditures for the year preceding and leaving u surplus in the Treasury at the close last fiscal year $93,956,588.56, against. $63,463,761.27 at the close the previous year being an increase in such surplus $30,492,817.29. The expenditures Are compared those the preceding fiscal year and classified follows year ending year ending j Une 30. 1886. June 80. 1885. For civil expenses. .$21,955,601 l>4 $23,826,942 11 for foreign Intercourse .133,232,088 00 543,960.911 00 for indians.609,915,817 00 655,249,263 00 for pensions. 63,404,864 03 56,102,267 49 for the military including River and improve Auu aril Arbor ments seals. For the Navy including vessels machinery and improvements Navy Yards. For interest Public debt. For tace District Columbia. Miscellaneous expenditures including Public buildings lighthouses and collecting the Revenue. 13,907,887 7 50,580,145 07 2,892,321 89 17,984,068 30 for he current year to end june 30. Is7, Tho ascertained receipts up to october 1, 1886, such receipts estimated for the remainder the year amount to $356,000,000. The expenditures ascertained and estimated for the same period Are $266,000,000, indicating a surplus at the close the year $90,000,000. The total value the exports from the United states to foreign countries during the fiscal year stated and compared the preceding year follows for the year ending june 30. 1886�? Domestic merchandise. $665,964,529 i foreign merchandise. 13.560,301 00 Gold. 42.952.191 Al Silver. 29.511,219 00 for the year ending june 30, 1885 Domestic merchandise.$726,682,946 <00 foreign merchandise. 15,506.809 00 Gold. 8.477,892 00 Silver. 33, 53,633 00 the value some our leading exports during Tho last fiscal year compared the value the same for the year immediately preceding Here Given and furnishes information Tive june 30, 1885. $213,799,049 24,767,305 125,846,558 100.370,821 provisions. 90.625,216 197,332.456 our imports during the last fiscal year compared the previous year were follows 1886. Merchandise.$685,430,136 to Gold. 20.743,349 00 Silver. 17,830,307 00 the president says that in message to Congress attention the fact that the revenues situation american interests the isthmus Panama at times excited concern and invited Friendly action looking to the performance the engagements the two nations concerning the territory embraced in the inter oceanic transit. With the subsidence the Isthmian disturbance and the erection the state Panama into a Federal District under the direct government the constitutional administration at Bogota a new order things been inaugurated which although yet somewhat experimental and affording scope for arbitrary exercise Power by the delegates the National authority promises much. The sympathy Between the people the United states and France born during our colonial struggle for Independence and continuing to Day. Have received a fresh impulse in the successful completion and dedication the colossal statue a Liberty enlightening the world in new York Harbor the gift frenchmen to americans. A convention Between the United states and certain other Powers for the Protection submarine cables was signed at Paris March 14, 1884, and been duly ratified and proclaimed by this government. By agreement Between the High contracting parties this convention to go into effect the 1st january next but the legislation required for its execution in the United states not yet been adopted. I earnestly recommend its adoption. Cases have continued to occur in Germany giving Rise to much correspondence in relation to the privilege sojourn our naturalized citizens German origin revisiting the land their birth yet i am Happy to state that our relations that country have lost none their accustomed cordiality. The claims for interest upon the amount tonnage dues illegally exacted from certain German steamship lines were favourably reported in both houses Congress at the last session and i Trust will receive final end favourable action at an Early Day. Discussing the fisheries question so Long a subject anxious difference Between the United states and great Britain the president says the questions involved Are grave Conse j quench and from time to time for nearly three i quarters a Century have Given Rise to Earnest International discussions not unaccompanied. By irritation. Temporary arrangements by treaties have served to allay friction which i Howett r. Has revived each treaty was terminated. While desirous that Friendly re lations should exist Between the people the i United states and Canada the action Canadian officials during the past season toward fishermen been such the president thinks i to threaten their continuance and although disappointed in efforts to secure a Satis factory settlement the question negotiations j Are still pending reasonable Hope that to u vur�?T�1 a la Cut fore the close the present session Congress j both interesting and announcement May to made that an acceptable i june 30, 1986. Conclusion been reached. I Cotton and Cotton Man the weakness Liberia and the difficulty j a .$219.045,576 maintaining effective sovereignty Over its out j tobacco and its menu lying districts have exposed that government to t>acv1j eve. 30.424,908 encroachments. It cannot be forgotten that bread stuffs. This did Tant Community an offshoot our own system Oving its origin to the associated Benevolence american citizens whose praiseworthy efforts to create a nucleus civilization la the dark continent have commanded respect and sympathy everywhere especially in this country. Although a formal protectorate Over Liberia contrary to our traditional policy the moral right and duty the United states to assist in All proper ways in the maintenance its integrity obvious and been consistently announced during nearly half a Century. 1 recommend that in the reorganization our Navy a Small vessel no longer found adequate to our needs be presented to Liberia to be employed by it in the Protection its Coastwise revenues. The encouraging development beneficial and intimate relations Between the United states and Mexico which been so marked within the past few years at once the occasion congratulation and Friendly solicitude. I urgently renew my former representation the need speedy legislation by Congress to carry into effect the reciprocity commercial convention january 20. 1883. Our commercial treaty 1831 Mexico was terminated according to its provisions in 1881. Upon notification Given by Mexico in pursuance her announced policy recasting All her commercial treaties. Mexico since concluded several foreign governments new treaties Commerce and navigation defining alien rights Trade property and residence treatment shipping consular privileges and the like. Our yet a executed reciprocity convention 1883 covers none the Points the settlement which Are so necessary to Good relationship. I propose to initiate Mexico negotiations for a new and enlarged treaty Commerce and navigation. Referring to the cutting Case he says the incident disclosed a claim jurisdiction by Mexico novel in our history whereby any offence committed anywhere by a foreigner penal in the place its commission and which a mexican the object May if the offender be found in Mexico be there tried and punished in conformity mexican Laws. This jurisdiction was sustained by the courts Mexico and approved by the executive Branch that government upon the authority a mexican statute. The appellate court in releasing cutting decided that the abandonment the complaint by the mexican citizen aggrieved by the alleged crime Ltd libellous publication removed the basis further prosecution and also declared Justice to have been satisfied by the enforcement a Small part the original sentence. The admission such a pretension the president argues would be attended serious results invasive the jurisdiction this government and highly dangerous to our citizens in foreign lands therefore he denied it and protested against its attempted exercise unwarranted by the principles f0 Law and International usages. A Sovereign jurisdiction offences which take effect within territory although concocted commenced outside it. But the right denied any foreign Sovereign to punish a citizen the United states for air4>ffense consummated our soil in violation our Laws even though the offence be against a subject such Sovereign. The mexican statute in question makes the claim broadly and the principle if c conceded would make a dual responsibility in the citizen and Lead to inextricable confusion destructive that certainty in the Law which an Essen Tii 1 Liberty. When citizens the United states voluntarily go into a foreign country they must abide by the Laws there in Force and will not be protected by their own government hmm the consequences an offence against those Laws committed in such foreign country but watchful care and interest this government Over its citizens Are not relinquished because they have gone abroad and if charged crime committed in the foreign land a fair and open trial conducted decent regard for Justice and humanity will be demanded for them. With less than this this government will not be Content when the life Liberty its citizens at stake. Whatever the degree to which extra territorial criminal jurisdiction May have been formerly allowed by consent and reciprocal agreement among certain the european such doctrine practice was Ever known to the Laws this country that from which our institutions have mainly been derived. In the Case Mexico there Are reasons Strong for perfect Harmony in the Mutual exercise jurisdiction. Nature made no irrevocably neighbors and Wisdom and kind feeling should make friends. The overflow capital and Enterprise from the United states a potent Factor in assisting the development the resources Mexico and in building the Prosperity both countries. To assist this Good work All grounds apprehension for the Security persons and property should be removed and the president trusts that in Tho interests Good neighbourhood the statute referred to will lie so modified to eliminate the present possibilities danger to the peace the two countries. The president recommends placing the consular service a better footing and reiterates the necessity some Mode inspection Aud report the manner in which the consulates Are conducted. He trusts International copyright will receive the attention it deserves by Congress. The government the Netherlands exhibited concern in relation to certain features our Tariff Laws which arc supposed by them to be aimed at a class tobacco produced in the dutch East indies. Comment would seem unnecessary upon the Wisdom legislation appearing to have a special National discrimination for its object which although unintentional. May give Rise to injurious retaliation. The establishment less than four years ago a legation Teheran bearing fruit in the interest exhibited by the Shah government in the Industrial activity the United states and the opportunities beneficial interchanges. The naval officer who bore to Siberia the testimonials bestowed by Congress in recognition the Aid Given to the Jeannette survivors successfully accomplished Mission. His interesting report will be submitted. It pleasant to know that this Mark appreciation been welcomed by the russian government and people befits the traditional Friendship the two countries. It appearing that the government Spain did not extend to the Flag the United states in the Antilles the full measure reciprocity requisite under our statute for the continuance the suspension discrimination against the j superfluous Revenue which Spanish Flag in our ports i was constrained in october last to rescind my predecessor proclamation february 14. 1884. Permitting such suspension. An arrangement was however speedily reached and upon notification from the government Spain that All differential treatment our vessels and their cargoes from the United states from any foreign country had been completely and absolutely relinquished i availed myself the discretion conferred by Law and issued the 27th october my proclamation declaring reciprocal suspension in the United states. It most Gratifying to Bear testimony to the Earnest spirit in which the government the Queen Regent met our efforts to Avert the initiation commercial discrimination and reprisals which Are Ever disastrous to the material interests and the political Good will the countries Thev May affect. The profitable development the Large commercial exchanges Between the United states and the spar. 6.9 Antilles naturally an object 34,324,152 74 42.670,578 47 16,021,079 69 51.306,256 47 3,419,450 05 54.728,056 21 1885. $579,580,053 80 266,091,696 00 16,550,627 00 last annual was directed to the government exceeded its actual needs and it was suggested that legislative action should be taken to relieve the people from the unnecessary Burden taxation Tylius made apparent and again urges its consideration. The income the government its increased volume and through reasons in its collections now More than Ever in excess Public necessities. The application the surplus to the payment such portion the Public debt now at our option subject to extinguish ment if continued at the rate which lately prevailed would retire that class indebtedness within less than one year from this Date. Thus a continuation our present Revenue system would soon result in the receipt an annual income much greater than necessary to meet the government expenses no indebtedness upon which it could be applied. We should then be confronted a vast Quantity Money the circulating medium the people hoarded in Tho Treasury when it should be in their hands we should be drawn into wasteful Public extravagance All the corrupting National demoralization which follows in its train. But it not the simple existence this surplus and its threatened attendant evils which furnish the strongest argument against our present scale Federal taxation. Its worst phase the exaction such a surplus through a perversion the relations Between the people and their government a dangerous departure from the rules which limit the right Federal taxation. Good government which every american citizen boasts for its objects the Protection every person within its care in the greatest Liberty consistent the Good order society and perfect Security in the enjoyment earnings the least possible diminution for Public needs. When More the people sus Terence exacted through the form taxation than necessary to meet the just obligations the government and the expenses its economical administration such exaction becomes ruthless extortion and a violation the fundamental principles a free government. The indirect manner in which that be exaction Are made a tendency to conceal their True character and their extent. But we have arrived at a stage superfluous Revenue which aroused the people to a realization the fact that the amount raised professedly for the support the government paid by them absolutely if added to the Price the things which Supply their daily wants if it was paid at fixed periods into the hand the tax gatherer. The sum paid upon the Public debt during the fiscal year ended june 30. 1886. Was $11.551.043.36. During the twelve months ended october 31. 1886, three per cent Bonds were called for redemption amounting to $127,283,100. Of which $80,643,200 was so called to answer the requirements the Law relating to the sinking fund and $46,639,900 for the purpose reducing the Public debt. By the application a part the surplus in the Treasury to that object the Bonds thus called $102,269,450 became subject under such Calls to redemption prior to november 1, 1886. The remainder amounting to $25,-013.050, matured under the Calls alter that Date. In addition to the amount subject to payment and cancellation prior to november 1, there were also paid before that Day certain these Bonds interest thereon amounting to $5,072,350, which were anticipated to the maturity which $2,664,850 had not been called thus $107,341,800 had been actually applied prior to the 1st november 1s86, to the extinguish ment our bonded and interest bearing debt leaving that Day still outstanding the sum $1,153,443,112. Of this amount $86,848,700 were still represented by three per cent Bonds. They however have been since november 1, will at once be further reduced by $22,606,150, being Bonds which have been Calk Das already stated but not redeemed and cancelled before the latter Date. Reaching Domestic affairs the first subject discussed the Tariff and to this Tho president devotes a great Deal space arguing that the necessity for a reduction the Tariff More urgent than Ever. The income the government he says by its increased volume and through economies in its collection now More than Ever in excess Public necessities. The application the surplus to the payment such portion the Public debt now at our option subject to extinguish ment if continued at the rate which lately prevailed would retire that class indebtedness within less than one year from now. Thus a continuation our present Revenue system would soon result in the receipt an annual income much greater than necessary to meet government expenses no indebtedness upon which it could be applied. We should then be confronted a vast Quantity Money the circulating medium the people hoarded in the Treasury when it should be in their hands we should be drawn into wasteful Public extravagance All the corrupting National demoralization which follows in it it train. But it not the simple existence this surplus and its threatened attendant evils which furnish the strongest argument against our present scale Federal taxation. Its worst phase the. Exaction such a surplus through a perversion the relations Between the people and their government and a dangerous departure from the rules which limit the right Federal taxation. Good government and especially the government which every american citizen boosts Lias for its objects the j the Protection every person within its care in the greatest Liberty consistent the Good order society and perfect Security in the enjoyment earnings the least possible diminution for Public needs. When More the people substance exacted through the form taxation than necessary to meet the just obligations the government and the expense its economical administration such action becomes ruthless extortion and a violation the fundamental principles a free government. The indirect manner in which these exaction Are made a tendency to conceal their True Sharai Ter and their extent. But we have arrived at a stage aroused the people to a realization the fact that the amount raised professedly for the support the government paid by them absolutely if added to the Price things which Supply their daily wants if it was paid at fixed periods into the hand the tax gatherer. Those who toil for daily wages Are beginning to understand that capital though sometimes haunting its importance and claiming the pro Section and favor the government Dull and sluggish till touched by the magical hand labor. It Springs into activity furnishing an occasion for Federal taxation and gaining the value which enables it to Bear its Burden. And the Labouring Man thoughtfully inquiring whether in these circumstances arid considering the tribute he constantly pays into the Public Treasury he supplies daily wants he receives fair share advantages. There also a suspicion abroad that the surplus our revenues indicates abnormal and exceptional business profits which under the solicitude. Lying close at our doors and find-1 system which produces such surplus increase. Vii thou corresponding Benefit to the people at Large the vast accumulation a few among our citizens whose fortunes revealing the wealth the most favored in anti democratic nations Are not the natural growth a steady Plain and industrious Republic. Our Farmers too and those engaged in supplying the products agriculture see that Day by Day and often the daily wants their households recur they Are forced to excessive and needless taxation. While their products struggle in foreign markets the Competition nations which by allowing a Freer Exchange productions than we permit enable their people to sell for prices which distress the american Farmer. even patriotic citizen rejoice in the constantly increasing Pride our people in Ameri can citizenship and in the glory our National achievements and Progress a sentiment prevails 1 that the leading strings useful to a nation in its infancy May Well be. To a great extent discarded 1 in the present state american ingenuity courage and fearless self Reliance. And for tiie privilege indulging this sentiment True american enthusiasm our citizens Are quite willing to forego an Idle surplus in the Public Treasury. 1 and All the people know that the average rate Federal taxation upon imports to Day. In j time peace hut Little less while upon some i articles necessary consumption it actually More than was imposed by the grevious Burden willingly borne at a time when the government needed millions to maintain by War the safety and integrity the Union. It been the policy the government to collect the principal part its resources by a tax upon imports anti no change in this policy j desirable. But the present condition affairs constrains our people to demand that by i a revision our Revenue Laws the receipts the government shall be reduced to the necessary expense its economical administration and this demand should be recognized and obeyed by the people representatives in the j legislative Branch the government. In readjusting the burdens Federal taxation a sound Public policy requires that such our citizens have built up Large and important industries under present conditions should not be suddenly and to their injury deprived advantages to which they have adapted their business but if the Public Good requires it they should be Content such consideration shall Deal fairly and cautiously these demands the people for Relief from needless taxation honestly answered. A reasonable and timely submission to such a demand should certainly be possible without disastrous Shock to any interest and a cheerful Concession sometimes averts abrupt action often the outgrowth impatience and delayed Justice. Due regard Shoukal be also accorded in any proposed readjustment to the interests american labor so far they Are involved. We congratulate ourselves that there among no Labouring class fixed within unyielding Bounds and doomed under conditions to the inexorable Fate daily toil. We recognize in labor a chief Factor in the wealth the Republic and we treat those who have it in their keeping citizens entitled to the most careful regard and thoughtful attention. This regard and attention should be awarded them not Only because labor the capital our working people justly entitled to its share government favor but for the further and not less important reason that the Labouring Man. Surrounded by family in Humble Home vitally interested in All that cheapens the Cost living and enables him to bring within Domestic Circle additional comforts. This relation the Workingman to the Revenue Laws and the manner in which it palpably influences the question wages should not be forgotten in the justifiable prominence Given to the proper maintenance the Supply and Protection Well paid labor. And these considerations suggest such an arrangement government revenues Sluti reduce the expense living while it does not curtail the Opportunity for work nor reduce the compensation american labor and injuriously effect its condition and the dignified place it holds in the estimation our people. But our Farmers and agriculturists those who produce from the soil the things consumed by All. Are perhaps More plainly concerned than any other our citizens in a just and careful system general taxation. Those actually engaged in and More remotely connected this kind work number nearly one half our population. None labor harder More continuously than they. No enactments lighten their hours no interposition the government enhances the value their products. And yet for Many the necessaries and comforts life which the most scrupulous Economy enables them to bring into their Homes and for their implements husbandry they Are obliged to a Price largely increased by an unnatural profit which by the exaction the government Given to the More favored manufacturer. I recommend that keeping in View All these considerations Tho increasing surplus National income annually accumulating to released to the people by an amendment to our Revenue Laws which shall cheapen the Price the necessaries lift and give Freer Entrance to such imported materials by american labor May be manufactured into marketable commodities. Nothing can be accomplished however in the direction this much needed Reform unless the subject approached in a patriotic spirit Devotion to the interests the entire country and a willingness to yield something for the Public Good. While the subject Tariff and Revenue the president especially directs the attention Congress to the recommendations the Secretary the Treasury touching the simplification the Laws relating to the collection revenues. Less space devoted to the Silver question this year than last but opposition to compulsory coinage no less pronounced. Tho difference in the Bullion Price the Standard dollar�?94�?~i cents when first coined and its Bullion value 78 cents the 30th last november certainly does not indicate he says that compulsory coinage by the government enhances the Price that commodity secures uniformity in its value. During the fiscal year ended june 80, iss6, there were coined under the compulsory Silver coinage act 1878. 29.838.905 Silver dollars and the Cost the Silver used in such coinage was $28,448,960.01. There had been coined up to the close the previous fiscal year under the pro visions the Law 203.882,551 Silver dollars and the first Day december 18.86. The total amount such coinage was $247,131,549. The director the mint reports that at the time the passage the Law 1876. Directing this to Inage. The intrinsic value the dollars thus coined was 9j1 cents each and that the 31st Day july. I8s<i. The Price Silver reached the lowest stage Ever known so that the intrinsic Bullion Price our Standard Silver Dollar at that Date was less than 72 cents. Tho Price Silver the 3 the Day november last was such to make the dollars intrinsically Worth 78 cents each. These differences in value the coins represent the fluctuations in the Price Silver anti they certainly do not indicate that compulsory coinage by the government enhances the Price that commodity secures uniformity in its value. Every fair and Legal Effort been made by the Treasury department to distribute this currency among the people. The withdrawal United states Treasury notes Small denominations and the issuing Small Silver certificates have been resorted to in the Endeavor to accomplish this result in obedience the will and sentiments the represent tag the people in the Congress. On the 27th nay november. 1886. The people hold these coins certificates representing them the nominal sum $166,813,041. And we still had $79,464,315 in the Treasury against about $142,891,055.20 in the hands the people and $72,865,376 remaining in the Treasury one year ago. The director the mint again urges the necessity More vault room for the purpose storing these Silver dollars which Are now needed for circulation by the people. Lie seen no reason to change the views expressed a year ago the subject compulsory coinage and again urges it suspension All the grounds contained in former recommendation. Reinforced but the increase our Gold exportation during the last year and for the further reasons that the More Lii it currency distributed. The greater becomes our duty to protect it that we now have an abundance for All our needs and there seems but Little propriety in building vaults to store such currency when the Only pretence for its coinage the necessity its use by the people a circulating medium. The attention Congress called to the great number suits in new York growing out conflicting views importers and collectors to the interpretation our Complex and indefinite Revenue Laws and an amendment the Laws recommended but pending such amendment the present condition this litigation should be relieved by a Law permitting the appointing an additional Federal judge in new York where these cases have accumulated. A the report the Secretary War gives a detailed account the administration High department and contains sundry recommendations for the it improvement the service which i fully approve. The army consisted at the Date the last consolidated return 2,103 officers and 21.946 enlisted men. The expenses the department for the last fiscal year were $36,900,903.39, Inciud-$6,294,305.13 for Public works and Rier and Harbor improvements. T especially direct the attention Congress to the recommendation that officers be required to submit to the examination a preliminary to their promotion. 1 see no objection. But the Many advantages in adopting this pc etude which operated so beneficially in our Navy department Well in some branches the army. In september and october last the hostile apaches who under the leadership Gero Nimo had for eighteen months been the Warpath and during that time had committed Many murders and been the cause constant terrors to the settlers Arizona surrendered to general Miles the military commander who succeeded general Crook in the management and direction their Pursuit. Under the terms their surrender then reported and in View the understanding which these murderous Savages seemed to entertain the Assurance Given them it was considered Best to imprison them in such manner to prevent their Ever engaging in such outrages again instead trying them for murder. Fort Pickens having been selected a Safe place confinement All the adult Mab were sent thither and will be closely guarded prisoners. In the meantime the residue the band. Who. Though still remaining upon the reservation were regarded unsafe and suspected furnishing Aid to those the War path had been removed to fort Marion. The women and larger children the Hostiles were also taken there and arrangements have been made for putting the children proper age in Indian schools. Of coast defences and fortifications the president says the defenceless condition our sea coast and Lake Frontier perfectly palpable and the work Laid out by the Board fortifications delayed in default congressional legislation. The absolute necessity our preparation for effectual resistance against armoured ships and steel guns which May threaten so apparent that he Hopes effective Steps will be i taken in that direction at once. The condition our Navy shown by the report the Secretary that department. I should Challenge the Earnest attention con j Gress. The production in the United states j Armor and gun steel a question which it seems necessary to Settle at an Early Clay if the i armoured vessels Are to be completed those materials Home manufacture. In the event that the present invitation the depart Man for bids to furnish such this material now authorized shall fail to induce Domestic manufacturers to undertake the Large expenditures required to prepare for this new manufactures and no other Steps Are taken by Congress at its coming session the Secretary contemplates dissatisfaction the necessity obtaining abroad the Armour and the gun steel for the authorized ships. It would seem desirable the president adds that the wants the army and Navy in this regard should be reasonably met and that by uniting their contracts such induce ment might be offered would result in securing the domestication these interests. Postal service affairs showed marked and Gratifying improvement during the past year the increase in Revenue in a g fining ratio Over the increase Cost demonstrating the sufficiency the present cheap rates postage ultimately to sustain the service. The differences certain Ocean steamship companies were terminated by the acquiescence All in the policy the government thus affording a service generally adequate to the needs our Interior. The question establishing Ocean postal service to Brazil and the Argentine Republic commended to the consideration Congress and the suggestion offered that distinguished from a Grant subsidy for the Mere Benefit any line whatever outlay May be required to secure additional necessary and proper service should be regarded within the limit legitimate compensation for such service. The president endorses the recommendation the attorney general for the erection a Penitentiary for the confinement prisoners convicted in United states courts. He considers it a matter very great importance which should at once received congressional action. More than one these institutions might be erected and by employing the prisoners in the manufacture articles needed for use the government quite i would be realized in Lay construction commendations the attorney general for u change in the Federal judicial system to obviate the delays necessarily attending the present condition affairs in our courts. Of Indian affairs he says the present system agencies standing alone inadequate for the accomplishment an object which become pressing in its importance the More rapid transition from tribal organization to citizenship such portions the indians Are capable partial return for the out be also endorses the Reo and usefulness. Every Public officer who a just idea duty to Tho people testifies to the value this Reform. Its staunchest friends Are found among those who understand it Best and it warmest supporters Are those who Are restrained and protected by its requirements. The meaning such restraint and Protection Large pecuniary Benefit it not appreciated by those who want places under the government regardless Merit and efficiency nor by those who insist that the selection for such places should rest upon a proper credential showing Active partisan work. They mean to Public officers if not their lives the y Opportunity afforded them to attend to Public business and they mean to the Good people the country the better performance the work their government. It exceedingly strange the president thinks that the scope and nature this Reform Are so Little understood and that so Many things not civilized life and hence the necessity for a sup included within its plan Are called by its name. Elemental Agency a commission six intelligent persons three from the army charged a Vith the management such matters detail can not. With the present organization be properly and successfully conducted. The time Ripe the president tells Congress for the work such an Agency. The influence and the Protection the Universal Laws our country the recommendation the Secretary the Interior and the commissioner the general land office looking to the better Protection Public lands and the Public surveys the preservation National forests the adjudication Grants to states and corporations and private land claims and the increased efficiency the Public land service Are commended to the attention Congress. To secure the widest distribution Public lands in limited quantities among settlers residence and cultivation and thus make the greatest numbers individual Homes was the primary object the Public land legislation in the Early Days the Republic. This system was a simple one. It commenced an admirable scheme Public surveys by which the humblest citizen could identify the tract a Ion which he wished to establish Home. The Price lands was placed within the reach All the enterprising industrious and honest Pioneer citizens the country. It was soon however found that the object the Laws was perverted under the system Cash sales from a distribution land among the people to an accumulation land capital by wealthy and speculative persons. To Check this tendency a preference right Purchase was Given to settlers the land a plan which culminated in the general Preemption act 1831. The foundation this system was actual residence and cultivation. Twenty years later the Homestead Law was devised to More surely place actual Homes in the Possession actual cultivators the soil. The land was Given without Price the sole condition being residence improvement and cultivation. Other Laws have followed each designed to encourage the acquirement and use land in limited individual when Cavil yields More fully to examination the system will have Large additions to the number its friends. Our civil service Reform the president says May be imperfect in some its details it May be misunderstood and opposed it May not i always be faithfully applied its designs May a sometimes miscarry through mistakes wilful intent it May sometimes tremble under the assaults its enemies languish under the misguided Zeal impracticable friends but if the people the country were to submit to the banishment its underlying principle from the operation their government they will abandon the surest guarantee the safety and Suc Cess american institutions i in conclusion he invokes for this Reform the cheerful and a grudging support Congress urges an increase the salaries the commissioners and expresses the Hope that such 1 reasonable appropriations May be made will enable them to increase the usefulness the cause they have in charge. A mothers Appeal. The Mother Fannie Lilian Madis prays the governor Var Giuria not to stay the execution her daughter murderer. Richmond. Va., dec. 7.�?the statement and the petition t. Cluverius made to the governor asking executive clemency la behalf for the murder Fannie Lilian Madison fell Flat upon Tho Public ear Here. The governor received a letter yesterday from the Mother the dead woman which read follows Manquin dec. 4, 1886. My dear governor please my dear governor let Tho Law take its course that wretch Cluverius who caused a quantities. But in later years these Laws j father Mother and eight Brothers and Sisters to see so much trouble. Only if possible hasten All such Quick possible for the Sake other poor mothers and innocent females. Please Lor the Sake a Mother whose heart and mind been nearly crazed grief and distress let it meaning the judgment the court stay it the prayer Tho Mother he caused so much trouble. Much More dear governor i would say but will leave it All to your tender parental heart. Please i Pray Grant me this one petition the prayer your Humble and respectful fellow creature. Lucine t. Madison. This an offset to the petition from the father and Mother Cluverius asking governor Lee to spare their son. It expected that the governor will make known views to Day ?.s Cluverius been condemned to be hanged the 10th instant. City sergeant Smith making preparations for the execution and though he visited Tho governor he did not learn anything to justify him in staying preparations. The witness Henly who it was thought would prove that Cluverius was at the dime museum the night that Lilian Madison was murdered when brought before the governor and questioned said he had a dim and vague impression that he saw him there but would not take a solemn oath to that effect. Through vicious administrative methods and under changed conditions communication and transportation have been so evaded and violated that their Beneti event purpose threatened entire defeat. The methods such evasions and violations Are set Forth in detail in the reports the Secretary the Interior and the commissioner the general land office. The rapid appropriation our Public lands without Bona tide settlements cultivation and not Only without intention residence but for the purpose their aggregation in Large holdings in Many cases in the hands foreigners invites the serious and immediate attention Congress. The energies the land department have been devoted during the present administration to remedy defects and Correct abuses in the Public land service. The results these efforts Are so largely in the nature reforms in the process and methods our land system to prevent adequate estimates but it appears by a compilation from the re ports the commissioner the general land office that the immediate effect in leading cases which have come to a final termination been the restoration to the masses Public lands 2,750.iioj acres that 2,370.000 acres Are embraced in investigation now pending before the department Tho courts and that action Congress been asked to effect the restoration 2,790 -000 acres additional besides which 4,000,000 acres have been withheld from reservation and the rights entry thereon maintained. The department agriculture representing the oldest and largest our National industries sub serving Well the purposes its organization. By the introduction new subjects farming Enterprise and by opening new sources agricultural wealth and the dissemination Early information concerning production and prices it contributed largely to the country Prosperity. Through this Agency advanced thought and investigation touching the subjects it in charge should among other things be practically applied to the Home production at a Low Cost articles food which Are now imported from abroad. Such an innovation will necessarily course in the beginning be within the Domain intelligent experiments and the subject in every stage should receive All possible encouragement from the government. The Ink Ert millions our citizens engaged in agriculture Are involved in an enlargement and improvement the results their labors and a zealous regard for their welfare should be a willing tribute to those whose productive returns Are a main source our Progress and Power. The existence pleuropneumonia among the cattle various states led to burdensome and in some cases disastrous restrictions in an important Branch our Commerce threatening to affect the Quantity and Quality our food Supply. This a matter such importance and such far reaching consequences that i Hope it will engage the serious attention Congress to the end that such a remedy May be applied the limits a constitutional delegation Power to the general government will permit. I recommend to the consideration Congress the report the commissioner and suggestions concerning the interest entrusted to care. The report the commissioner pensions contains a detailed arid most satisfactory exhibit the operations the pension Bureau. During the last fiscal year the amount work done was the largest in any year since the organization the Bureau and it been done at less Cost than during the previous year in every division. On the 30th Day june 1886, there were 865,793 pensioners the Rolls the Bureau. Since 1861 there have been 1,018.735 applications for pensions filed which 78.k34 were based upon service in the War 1812. There were 621.754 these applications allowed including 0u.l78to the soldiers 1812 and their widows. The total amount paid for pensions since 1s61 $808,624,-811.57. The number new pensions allowed during the year ended june 30. 1886, was 40,857, a larger number than been allowed in any year save one since Iasi. The names 2.229 pensioners which had been previously dropped from the Rolls were restored during the year and after deducting those dropped within the same time for various causes a net increase remains for the year 20.658 names. From january 1.1861, to december 1. 1885, l.i>7 private pension acts had been passed since the last mentioned Date and during the last session the Congress 044 such acts became Laws. No one can examine our pension establishment and its operations without being convinced that through it instrumentality Justice can be very nearly done to All who Are entitled under present Laws to the pension Bounty the government. But it undeniable that cases exist Well entitled to Relief in which the pension Bureau i powerless to relieve. The really worthy cases the class Are such Only Lack by misfortune the kind Quantity proof which the Laws and regulations the Bureau require which though their Merit apparent for some other reason can not be justly dealt through general Laws. These conditions fully justify application to the Congress and special enactments but resort to the Congress for a special pension act t. Overrule the deliberate and careful determination the pension Bureau the merits to secure favourable action when it could not be expected under the most Liberal execution general Laws it must be admitted opens the door to the allowance questionable claims. Of the Pacific Railroad debt Extension proposition he says that Congress in considering the plan suggested by Tom Secretary the Interior and endorsed by the Board government directors the Ole matters which should be taken into account Are the situation the government a creditor and the surest Way to secure the payment the principal and interests its debt. Of inter state Commerce he says that by a recent decision the supreme court the United states it been adjudged that the Laws the several states Are inoperative to regulate rates transportation upon railroads if such regulation interferes the Carriage from one Slat into another. This important Field control and regulation Haing been thus left entirely unoccupied the expediency Federal action upon the subject worthy con Side rat Ion. Of the relations labor to capital the 1 resident thinks that when these differences Between employee and employed reach such n stage to result in the interruption Commerce Between the states the application arbitration by the general government might be regarded entirely within its constitutional Powers and he thinks we might reasonably Hope that such arbitrators. If carefully selected and if entitled to the Confidence the parties to be affected would be voluntarily called to the settlement controversies less extent and not necessarily within the Domain Federal regulation. 1 desire to it it Call the attention Congress to a Plain duty which the government owes to the depositors in the Freedman savings and Trust company. This company was charter d by Congress for the Benefit the most illiterate and Humble our people and the intention encouraging in them Industry and Thrift. Most its branches were presided Over by officer holding the commissions and clothed in the uniform the United states. These and other circumstances reasonably i think led these simple people to suppose that the invitation to Deposit their hard earned savings in this institution implied an undertaking the part their government that their Money should be safely kept for them. When this company failed it was liable in the sum $2,939,925 61.131 depositors. Dividends amounting in the aggregate to sixty two per cent have been declared and the sum called for and paid such dividends seems to be $1.648,181.72. This sum deduct d from the entire amount deposits leaves $1,291,741.50 still unpaid. Past experience shown that quite a Large part this sum will not be called for. There Are assets til hand amounting to the estimated sum $16,000. I think the remaining thirty eight per cent such those deposits have claimants should be paid by the government upon principles equity and fairness. The report the commissioner soon to be Laid before Congress will give More satisfactory details this subject. The control the affairs the District Columbia having been placed in the hands purely executive officers while Congress till retains All legislative authority rely tins to its it it Ligg blowers arrested for arson. Bridgeton n. J., dec. 7.�?four Glas blowers living hero have been arrested the charge setting fire to Lupton Shol lot Ware factory in july. 1885. The factory was employing non Union men. John Ryan was arrested last october suspicion that to Sot the fire. He appealed to the Glass blowers Union for Aid and also for $250, which he said he had been promised by the Union for burning the factory. The Union repudiated Ryan who after Many threats finally accused the Lour men referred to having conspired to destroy the factory. The matter causes much agitation Here. _ _ death one the a old Baltimore dec. 7.�?the funeral George Boss one the a old defenders a who died saturday morning took place yesterday afternoon from quaint old residence no. 818 South Bond Street and was largely attended. The religious services were conducted by Rev. John Boland St. Patrick a Church and the pall bearers were nephews and grand nephews the deceased. At the funeral six generations the Boss family were represented. But three a old defenders Are now living in Baltimore. The Fine returned. Halifax n. S., dec. 7.�?-Informationrwas received yesterday by United states Consul general Phelan that the Fine �400 in the Marion Grimes Case would be repaid by the customs department. The Schooner Marion Grimes was seized at Shelburne nearly two months ago by Tho Cruiser terror a charge defrauding the customs Laws. Four Hundred dollars was deposited under protest to secure her release and the Money now to be returned less a Small sum for expenses in connection the Case. An alaskan explorer. Ottawa. Ont., dec. 7.�?mr. F. Merrier the celebrated alaskan traveler and explorer reached this City saturday business connected the geological Survey. Or. Mercier it ent fourteen years in Alaska and attained a wide reputation for researches into the history and customs that country. He brings him and will present to the geological museum Over 2,000 specimens the animal reptile vegetable Aud Mineral features Alaska. Arrested for conspiracy. Philadelphia dec. 7.�?david r. Williams Edward Moore James Hayes and Eugene j. Murphy were yesterday indicted by the grand jury. The defendants Are members the hatters Union and Are charged conspiracy and libel in having addressed postal cards to customers John b. Stetson amp co., hat manufacturers warning them from dealing that Linn. Fatal quarrel. Bercy air. Of. Dec. 7.�?hard Eider led to a tragedy near this place yesterday. William Franks and Jacob Berrington were visiting at the Home John threse and after getting under the influence Apple juice they became involved in a quarrel their Host. Franks raised an an axe to strike threse when the latter Drew a revolver and tired twice inflicting fatal wounds. Found dying in the Road. Eaton. Pa., dec. 7.�?samuel Jones Plainfield township was found lying in the county Road sunday covered Snow and d g lying face. He was removed to Home and died there yesterday morning. Though Jones was known a Strong Temperance Man a partly filled whisky bottle was found in pocket. He leaves a wife and seven children. Mahoning miners strike. Yon Oston. Of. Dec. 7.�?the condition the Coal miners strike in the Mahoning Valley remains about that same the exception that several Olur miners Are about to join the strikers unless their demand acceded to. A Noti Reahle fact that miners employed in the mine now out Are members the knights labor while those still at work but who have made a demand Are members the miners federation. Prisoner shot. Pitt Btu a Ltd pee. 7.�?George b. Alt undergoing a line car sentence in Tho Western Penitentiary for Highway robbery in Jefferson county become involved in a quarrel a Deputy Warden yesterday. He seized a knife lying near and attempted to Stab the tvs Den when he was shot by one the keepers. The bail lodged in my Watt Groin and will cause death. Heavy judgment. Pit rsm he. Dec. Atchison government it becomes my duty to make known to District court Vesterdal the most pressing needs the District and Roc the United states District court Vesie Raay commend their consideration. The Laws the District appear to be in an Uncertain and unsatisfactory condition and their codification revision much needed. During the past year one the Bridges leading from the District to the state Virginia became unfit for use and travel upon it was forbidden. This leads me to suggest that the improvement All the Bridges crossing the Potomac and its branches from the City Washington worthy the attention Congress the commissioners the District represent that the Laws regulating the Sale liquor and granting licenses therefor should be at once amended and that legislation needed to consolidate. Define and enlarge the scope and Powers the charitable and penal institutions within the District. I suggest that the commissioners be clothed the Power to make within fixed limitations police regulations. I believe this Power granted and carefully guarded would tend to Subserve to Good worrier handed Down an opinion in the Case Tho Union Trust company against the Rochester amp Pittsburgh Railroad the Rule for judgment for want a sufficient affidavit defense followed by an order making the Rule absolute. The amount Tho judgment was $1,099, <4. <5. Suicide a newspaper Man. New York dec. 7.�?james a. Wales a Ell known artist formerly connected puck the judge and other illustrated papers took a Small Quantity chloral in Spencer a restaurant Corner Fulton Street and Broadway yesterday and died shortly after. The new York press club taken charge the remains. Or. Wales had been the municipality. It seems that trouble still j in ill health for some time past. Exists growing out the occupation the streets and avenues by certain railroads having i their Termini in the cite. It very important that such Laws should be enacted upon Inis subject will secure to the railroads All the facilities they require for the transaction their business and at the same time protect the ii j Zens from injury to their persons property. The commissioners again complain that Tho. Accommodations afforded them for the Neces j sary offices for District and for j keeping valuable books and papers Are in j tirely insufficient. I recommend that this con. Edition affairs to remedied by Congress and that suitable quarters be furnished for the needs a a District government. _ civil service Reform the last important topic discussed in the message. The continued Ope ration the civil service Law he asserts added the most convincing proofs its necessity attempted murder and suicide. Washington dec. 7.�?minnie Raymond the nominal proprietress a House ill repute in d Street was shot last night by a discarded Lover named John Roe a Gambler and formerly Boston who immediately after shot himself. The physicians say the Man will surely die and Tho probabilities Are that the woman can not recover. Congressman Pelee dead. Milwaukee dec. 7.�?congressman William t. Price died yesterday morning at Home in Bla Lack River Falls. Marine disasters. A steamship deck crushed by an enormous wave six persons killed and thirteen radio injured three the Crew the Schooner Ariadne wrecked Lake Ontario lose their lives others terribly Frozen. Crushed by a heavy sea. Jersey City n. J., Dee. 8.�?a frightful disaster involving the death six men Aud the infliction serious injuries to thirteen others was reported yesterday afternoon upon the arrival the steamship Western land. On saturday afternoon november 27, a huge Cross Soa was suddenly encountered and it fell terrific Force upon the Forward deck the steamship. The Western land was then seven Days out from Antwerp. The deck was crushed in and buried the unfortunates beneath a mass Wood and Iron debris. The next instant the water swept along Tho gangways he main deck carrying several persons it. The era3h was terrific. But before the appalling nature Tho Accident was realized by the passengers the officers the ship had Ali the men available engaged in the work Rescue. The injured were carried to the intermediate Cabin which was transformed into a Hospital. The dead were buried at sea. Many affecting scenes were witnessed at the improvised Hospital when passengers inquired about their injured friends. Everything possible was done for the Relief the injured. The Cabin passengers showed their sympathy the unfortunate by Many kindly acts and raised a purse $4 to be distributed among the families the dead and injured. When the Western land reached port the injured passengers were transferred to hospitals. An inspection the vessel afforded some idea the terrible blows she had received. The crushed Dock want known the Forward Whaleback. It was constructed four Inch Pine planks resting upon massive Iron beams. These in turn were upheld by three Inch Iron Rod stanchions. The vast volume water struck the Whaleback about fifteen feet from the Stem and crushed in a Section Twenty nine feet Long and extending the i full Width the steamship. Lost Ontario. Oswego n. Y., Deo. 3.�?the Ariadne Captain Mckay a Crew Tive men bound from Toronto for this port a cargo Barley lost her main Mast off this Harbor wednesday night Aud drifted Down the Lake till four a. M. Yesterday when she went ashore in Mexico Bay. The Captain was soon after washed overboard and drowned and during the Day two the Crew were Frozen to death. The remaining three took to the rigging and were nearly perish d when taken off. Their recovery considered doubtful. The vessel gone to pieces. He was an old Craft and was valued at �3,500. She had a cargo 10,000 bushels Barley. United labor. The leaders the new party issues circular outlining the plan organization the Cincinnati convention to to held feb. 28, 1887. Pittsburgh pa., dec. 8.�?a circular just been issued by the National committee the United labor organizations containing a declaration their principles and objects the Industrial movement to form a National Union labor party. The convention to be held at Cincinnati february 22, 1887. The following representatives have been appointed to represent the various organizations Thomas a. Armstrong Pennsylvania b. Heath Illinois George l. Jones Wisconsin j. D. Cole Kansas Ferdinand Sieger new York John f. Potter Michigan Isaac Freeman Ohio. L. Douglas Indiana j. G. Greenleaf new Hampshire j. M. Laidley West Virginia John r. W Iti Stop North Carolina a. M. West Mississippi and c. E. Cunnings Arkansas. The circular pamphlet sets Forth that the representatives renounce All other political parties to the cud that legitimate labor May be emancipated and the government restored to the people. The plan organization contemplates Tho appointing an organizer for each state and territory in the nation the state organizer to appoint a District organizer for each congressional District in state and the District organizer to appoint local organizers. The basis presentation gives each congressional one representative for each the orders organizations in such districts knights labor trades unions Greenback labor party Farmers Alliance grangers patrons husbandry anti monopoly leagues Peoples party Farmers and labourer so co operative Union agricultural wheels soldiers organizations and All other organizations which endorse and subscribe to the new declaration Ludepen Deuce. Thet cold wave. It extends from the lakes to Tho Gulf and from the Atlantic to Tho Rockies thirty five degrees below Zero in Manitoba. Chicago dec. 3. A the thermometer yesterday ranged from 4 to 8 degrees below Zero. The cold weal her general All Over tiie West and Northwest although in the far Western regions it moderating somewhat the blizzard moves East. In Manitoba and further West in Tho British territory the Mercury ranged from 13 to 35 degrees below. At St. Paul the temperature was j5 degrees below at Escanaba 12 below Milwaukee 9 below Huron d. T., 12 below Moorhead 25 below Desmo Mes it below and Davenport 8 below. Washington dec. 3. It Learned at the signal office that the cold wave which now passing Over the country extends from the upper lakes to the Gulf and from the Rocky mountains to the Atlantic its Point origin in the United states was in the Northwest and it maintained a southeasterly course. The cold wave signals the weather Bureau Are displayed throughout the Atlantic Middle and Gulf states. The temperature indicates no change in the weather and the officers the service Are to opinion that the present condition things will be maintained for at least two Davs. Thirty miners killed. London dec. 3.�?a terrible mining Accident occurred yesterday in Lemore Colliery at Durham. The miners composing the Day shifts had just descended to begin their work when an explosion file Damp occurred. Thirty corpses have thus far been taken from the pit. It believed that a number others perished and that Many have been More less injured. Beheaded by wife. Helena Ark., dec. 3.�?the iarticulur6 have been received in Helena one the most horrible and sickening tragedies that Ever cursed a country. Lavina Brown the wife Jackson Brown living near Trenton Ark., had some words him about a trivial matter wednesday morning while at break last. The husband did not any More attention to the occurrence and was silting Down fondling children when wife wont to the Wood pile picked up an axe slip Ted up to her husband and almost severed head from body. Tho woman Ina be no attempt to escape Aud now in custody. The parties Are coloured. Iron Tui in for Railroad employees. Harrisburg pa., dec. 3.�?Tho Reading Railroad doing the work economizing at a rapid rate. Employees who do not live near their work must their own car Faro. Brakeman. Conductors Engineer Sand firemen freight trains must remain away from Home until return trains Are made up not being allowed a pass to make the trip. A reduction wages goes into effect monday which forces trackman to work for ninety nine cents per Day. Many prominent employees have quit the company a service. The Deal cation Reed late treasurer the Houth Boston horse railway now placed at $340,0j0. Wilson a Story badly shaken. Worcester mass., dec. 8.�?the secret in the Wilson Moen Case remains much a mystery Ever. The dates and All Tho evidence contradict the sensational Story telegraphed from Providence that a a Doc Wilson the son Moen. The record the town Oxford mass., shows that Levi Wilson was born there december 1, i"-53, eleven months after mrs. Moen died. Moen was married first in 1846, seven years before Wilson was born. At Hartford Conn., the proprietors ight second rate hotels and restaurants have been arrested for putting Oleomargar be their tables without displaying tha a that it was not butter. My 0 fearful powder explosion. Bellaire o., dec. 3.�?-there was a Terry it be explosion powder in the store Tobert Hall six Miles West Here yester Tay afternoon fatally injuring three and seriously bruising and burning four others a he explosion was caused by some Oue step it my a parlor match that was lying he floor when a spark ignited the powder n a Keg and blew the whole end out Tho Tore. Five men and two boys who were a the store were prostrated. A. Billig aged Twenty Ono was caught in a Frog at Forreston 111., wednesday night the cars running Over i tearing head Aud neck from the shouj4er� and r crushing them the a pulp. _ a

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