New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - September 29, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas
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Costa Rica rebels burn Nicaraguan post
SAN JOSE, Costa Rica (AP) - Costa Rican-based rebels attacked, burned and abandoned Nicaragua’s main southern border post and dynamited power lines leading to the north, heating up the two-front war against the leftist Sandinista government.
Elsewhere in Central America Wednesday, Guatemalan leader Gen. Oscar Humberto
Mejia Victores marched into the Council of State and told the 60-member body he was dissolving it because of lack of funds. A leading moderate charged right-wing violence has increased since the general seized power earlier this month.
In El Salvador, the Defense Ministry accused guerrillas of “vandalistic occupation”
of Tenancingo, saying leftist rebels killed 13 civilians in a rocket and mortar attack when they seized the town for two days earlier this week.
Costa Rican authorities said Nicaraguan rebels launched a heavy attack on Penas Blancas, a Nicaraguan post 90 miles south of Managua, the capital, and just inside the
Costa Rican border.
Public Service Minister Angel Solano said civil guards on the Costa Rican side were ordered out of the area to avoid the fighting. He said at least four people were wounded but did not specify who they were.
A Nicaraguan military officer in Sapoa, three miles north, said several wounded
soldiers were brought to Sapoa. He said the customs office in Penas Blancas had been partially destroyed in a mortar attack, other buildings were destroyed.
The Revolutionary Democratic Alliance, in a press release from San Jose, said its forces left the border post “burning and abandoned.”
Druse militiamen threaten to shell Beirut airport
BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) — Plans to reopen Beirut’s airport today were thwarted by a threat to shell the facility, but Lebanon’s cease-fire held and a reconciliation conference was reported set to start next week in Saudi Arabia.
A threat by the Druse militiamen of leftist opposition leader Walid Jumblatt to bombard the airport forced President Amin Gemayel to call off plans to reopen it this morning.
The dispute over the airport, where the 1,600 U.S. Marines of the multinational peacekeeping force are based, was referred to a committee in charge of overseeing the four-day-old cease-fire that has halted Lebanon’s civil war except for scattered violations.
The committee is composed of representatives of the Lebanese army and the warring Christian, Druse and Shiite Moslem militias. It planned to meet today in a bombed-out bank building in no-man’s
land southeast of Beirut, a government statement said.
The airport, Lebanon’s only international airfield and one of the busiest in the Middle East, has been closed for more than a month by civil warfare pitting Druse and Shiites against the army and Christian militiamen.
Jumblatt’s Progressive Socialist Party, the standard bearer of the 200,000-member Druse community, warned in a statement Wednesday the airport would be shelled if it was reopened.
Public Works Minister Pierre Khoury said he would keep the airport closed until the cease-fire committee “completed discussions on the issue and security arrangements in and around the airport.”
Jumblatt’s party claimed the government turned the airport into a “military position from which the regime used its warplanes which attacked innocent civilians in the mountains.”
Nixon wants more aid for Central America
WASHINGTON (AP) - Former President Richard Nixon says Central America will achieve democratic stability only through a program even more ambitious than the $13.3 trillion Marshall Plan that helped Europe recover from the devastation of World Warn.
Nixon, summing up for reporters his closed-door testimony Wednesday before the National Bipartisan Commission on Central America, also said a massive U.S. economic aid program for the region must be coupled with continued military aid.
“It is not possible to have progress without having security and it is not possible to have security without having
progress,” Nixon said, with commission chairman Henry A. Kissinger standing at his side.
The scene in the State Department lobby was reminiscent of the 1970s: Nixon and his one-time foreign policy partner standing -before microphones talking about a sensitive foreign policy issue. Except for a slight limp, Nixon, 70, seemed in good health.
Kissinger thanked Nixon for a “very comprehensive and extraordinarily thought-provoking presentation.”
So impressive was Nixon, Kissinger said, that Nixon would be capable of writing the commission report for President Reagan by himself. The 12-member commission, formed in July,
expects to have its policy recommendations completed by February.
In his remarks, Nixon stressed the same anti-communist stance that has been a hallmark of his long public career, warning that a Marxist victory in El Salvador would mean “another Soviet base in the Americas” and endorsing U.S.-backed military operations against Nicaragua’s leftist government.
If the leftist guerrillas triumph in El Salvador, “the impact on the surrounding countries and on Mexico eventually could be enormous,” he said.
But he said it would be a mistake for the United States to become obsessed with Marxism.
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Reagan's NATO plan
MOSCOW (AP) — Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov My* President Reagan’s latest proposal to limit nuclear arms in Europe is an attempt to build NATO strength while disarming Moscow, but he did not reject the plan outright.
Andropov said the Soviets were committed to “peace on Earth" and termed Reagan’s offer a “socalled new move” that did not significantly alter the U.S. stand at Geneva talks on limiting medium-range missiles.
The Soviet president and Communist Party chief accused the United States of “unwillingness to conduct serious talks of any kind on arms control.” His statement was carried Wednesday by the official Soviet news agency Tass.
“In brief, we are proposed to talk on how to help the NATO bloc to upset to its advantage the balance of medium-range nuclear systems in the European zone. And this move is presented brazenfacedly as something new,” he said.
On Monday, in a speech at the United Nations,
Reagan offered to halt deployment of an unspecified number of the 572 Pershing 2 and cruise missiles on the continent if the Soviets dismantle some of their SS-20 missile force aimed at Western Europe. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization plans to start deploying the U.S. missiles in December.
The State Department said Wednesday the world would be “disappointed” in Andropov’s response to Reagan’s initiative.
It said the response was “a threatening restatement of their long-standing position that the Soviets will maintain their monopoly of intermediate range missiles in Europe. For our part, we will continue to work in Geneva for a negotiated settlement that strengthens international peace and security.”
Andropov reiterated that the Soviet Union is willing to reach accord on limiting nuclear arms in Europe but also that the East bloc will not allow the West to undermine what the Soviets consider their security needs.