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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - September 21, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas World/National Hvpald-Zrltuo) Wednesday, September 21,1963 KAShamir replaces Begin as prime minister JERUSALEM (AP)- President Chaim Herzog today appointed Foreign Minister Yitzhak Shamir as Israel’s prime minister-designate, assigning him the task of forming a new government as successor to his colleague, Menachem Begin. Herzog named Shamir as the candidate to replace Begin during a brief midday meeting at the presidential residence in Jerusalem. After talking during the past three days with all parties in the Knesset, or Parliament, Herzog found a majority of 64 members of the 120-seat body supporting Shamir “without any reservations," according to his spokesman, Ami Gluska. “The situation is very clear." Begin formally submitted his resignation last Thursday, saying he was too tired to continue in office. He has been in seclusion for two weeks, reportedly with a rash on his face that prevents him from shaving. Herzog telephoned Shamir this morning after reading through a thick portfolio of minutes from his talks with the parties in the Knesset. Shamir, 68, was elected leader of the dominant Herat party after Begin announced Aug. 28 that he intended to step down. Shamir is expected to swiftly consolidate his alliance with five small religious and right- wing parties within two weeks and then present a new Cabinet to Parliament for a vote of confidence. The law gives him a three-week deadline, with the possibility of asking for a three-week extension. Herzog’s decision was a bitter setback for the opposition Labor Party, which Begin s Likud bloc ousted in 1977 after 29 years of unbroken rule. Labor, with a 50-to-46-seat advantage over Likud in Parliament, argued that it should have the right to try to put together a ruling coalition. As the largest single party in the Knesset, Labor argued that its leader, Shimon Peres, could build a government with the backing of nearly two-thirds of the Knesset. But none of the fringe parties aligned with the outgoing government indicated they were ready to defect. Police battle Marcos riot MANILA, Philippines (AP) — An estimated halif-million people rallied against President Ferdinand E. Marcos outside the central poet office today, and about 1,000 of them split off and battled riot police on a bridge leading to the presidential palace. At least one person was killed, authorities said. The youthful protesters shouted the name of opposition leader Benigno Aquino — assassinated exactly a month ago — burned two buses and clashed with 400 policemen on Mendiola Bridge and on Mendiola Street about 300 yards from the palace. Shirtless youths threw torches into the buses and pelted police with stones and debris, protecting themselves with makeshift shields of metal siding ripped from a store. Groups on foot and in car caravans flying yellow ribbons and balloons moved through city streets after the main rally at the post office where Aquino's widow vowed to continue her husband’s opposition to Marcos. Marcos, meanwhile, appeared on national television from Malacanang Palace and said he was more saddened than angered by the unprecedented demonstrations. He promised “maximum tolerance’’ by security officials. The financial district in suburban Makati filled with smoke and confetti for the third day in a week as office workers poured into the streets to call for an end to Marcos’ 18-year-rule. Today marked the lith anniversary of imposition of martial law in the Philippines, which lasted eight years. Demonstrations in Davao, Zamboanga, Angeles and other cities attracted thousands of people on what the opposition has called “a national day of sorrow." Aquino’s black-clad widow, Corazon, was hailed by protesters at Manila’s central post office. “I will not allow fear to stop me. Regardless of cost, I will defend freedom," she said. She and former Sen. Jose Diokno read a “Manifesto of Freedom, Democracy and Sovereignty," calling for an end to Marcos’ regime, a halt to government repression and resistance to “all forms of alien control or domination." Government says economic growth slowing WASHINGTON (AP) - U.S. economic growth cooled down some this summer after the heated pace of the recovery in the second quarter, recent government figures are showing. Now another report is due. The Commerce Department was releasing its first economic growth estimate today for the still-unfinished J illy-September quarter. And though analysts’ guesses at the figure vary widely, they generally agree growth is slowing. The department has reported that as the economy grew at an annual rate of 2.6 percent in the first quarter and then shot up by an unexpectedly vigorous rate of 9.2 percent as the rebound took hold in the second quarter. Though the spurt in activity was welcome as the economy burst out of the 1961-82 recession, many economists have said growth at such a clip was unsustainable — not to mention undesirable because of the threat that it could rekindle inflation. Today’s report on GNP covers the entire economy, attempting to measure or estimate the nation's entire third-quarter output of goods and services and comparing it to the second quarter. Other narrower reports have also signaled a slackening in the economy in recent weeks, including those showing declines in factory orders, home sales and retail sales in July as well as one showing that industrial output rn August rose the smallest amount since February. Robert Wescott of Wharton Econometrics says the economy is going through an expected — and welcome — “winding down" process. And Council of Economic Advisers Chairman Martin Feldstein explains, "We’re seeing the economy shifting gears from the spurt of activity in the second quarter to a moderate, more sustainable pace." Feldstein said Tuesday he expects growth in the second half of the year to be between 6 percent and 7 percent. The Reagan administration is officially predicting real GNF growth of 5.5 percent from the fourth quarter of last year to the fourth quarter of this year, but some top administration officials reportedly have been predicting that it could be over 6 percent. In other economic news: Easing interest rates and rumors that the Federal Reserve Board is relaxing monetary restraints fueled a three-day stock market advance that sent the Dow Jones industrial average to a record high of 1,249.19, analysts said. The Dow gained 15.25 points Tuesday to reach the record, nearly one full point ahead of its previous high set June 16 Congress hears childrens' war fears WASHINGTON (AP) - “I think instead of worrying so much about nuclear war, we should do something about it. But I’m still scared," an 11-year-old girl tells a House committee. Jessica Fiedler of Muscatine, Iowa, was one of three children and several experts on child development who testified Tuesday before the Select Committee on Children, Youth and Families. “I think about the bomb just about every day now. It makes me sad and depressed," Ursell Austin, 16, an Oakland, Calif., high school student said. Children “are frightened that we might be hit. You are parents. Let your children live, and let our children live,” 12-year-old Gerald Orjuela of Brooklyn, N.Y., said. “Why can’t we live in a world with only one rule — peace?,” he asked the com mittee. Rep. George Miller, D-Calif., explained why the committee chose to hold a hearing on children's fears of nuclear war. “Attitudes, especially those reflecting anxiety over fundamental questions of existence among children, should help us better understand their behavior, their hopes and aspirations," the committee chairman said Several Republican committee members objected to the hearing. “Defense pokey is not a proper subject for this committee, even if that pokey is articulated by children," Rep. Thomas J. Bkley, Jr., R-Va., said. Bkley said personal problems such as the death of a parent or divorce concern children more than national problems. Rep. Dan Marriott, R-Utah, also objected to the hearing. “The limited resources of the committee could be better used by looking into the social, psychological and economic consequences of abuse, neglect and sexual exploitation of children." he said Dr. John E. Mack, a Harvel Medical School psychiatrist, described results of an American Psychiatric Association study which he co-authored in 1982 About 40 percent of the children surveyed said they were aware of nuclear developments before the age of 12, Mack said Mack cited a survey taken by Educators Tor Social Responsibly in 1982, in which 80 percent of the high school students polled said they thought there would be a nuclear war in the next 20 years Eighty-one percent said the threat of nuclear war affected their hopes for the future, he said.COMAL SADDLERY 6 WESTERN WEAR -H-BAR-F NOW COMBINED IN ONE BIO STOSE311 Bi-Way 306 [‘/< Mile W. of IB 33, Direct Route To Canyon Lake) 623-3641 BOOTS • JUSTIN    • TONY LAMA • ACME    •TEXAS • NOCONA • JUSTIN ROPER FROM *3900 UPCOUNTRY QUALITY THAT YOU CAN AFFORD(7,500 SQ. FT. RETAIL SHOPPING SPACE) CHILDREN'S BOOTS UP TO 40% OFF SHIRTS • WRANGLER • MILLER • LEE MEN'S. 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