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New Braunfels Herald Zeitung (Newspaper) - September 8, 1985, New Braunfels, Texas 4A Herald-Ze/fivmjr, New Braunfels. Texas Sunday, September 8,1985 African rioting continues as mourners attend funerals JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP) — Two white men fired on a mob brandishing sticks in a mixed-race township near Cape Town, killing one man, and arsonists heaved a fire bomb into an empty white school, police reported on Saturday. Also near Cape Town, police officers and soldiers ringed the black township of Guguletu, where an estimated 6,000 mourners attended a funeral for ll young blacks killed during clashes with police. Police reported in addition on Saturday that police fatally shot two black youths late Friday in separate incidents in Ciskei, a black homeland on South Africa’s southern Indian Ocean coast. Among the dead at Saturday's mass funeral was a 2-month-old girl, said to have suffocated in a blast of tear gas Aug. 28. Only two of the ll dead were older than 20. There were unconfirmed reports of new violence after the funeral. Guguletu residents said gangs of youths set up flaming barricades across nearby roads. In an unprecedented challenge to white authority, mourners unfurled a four-yard-square banner bearing a picture of Nelson Mandela, former head of the outlawed guerrilla African National Congress. Mandela, generally acknowledged as leader of South Africa’s black majority, has been in prison for 21 years, serving a life term for planning sabotage. It is illegal in South Africa to quote him or display his picture. Several banners read, “Mandela, leader of the people.” Others read, “Don’t shoot us. Shoot Botha and Ie Grange.” PW. Botha is South Africa’s president. Ixmis Ie Grange is law and order minister, in charge of police. In the mob incident Friday night, the white men were surrounded when their car stalled in Ravensmead township, said police spokesman Attic Laubscher. He said they killed a 22-year-old man when they fired on the threatening gang. Laubscher said. The attackers were people of mixed racial ancestry, officially classed as “coloreds” under South Africa’s system of apartheid, or racial segregation. Police in Cape Town said no one was injured and damage was slight when blazing rags, soaked in a flammable liquid, were heaved Saturday morning into the all-white Plumstead Preparatory School. But the incidents signaled that the country’s 5 million whites increasingly are becoming targets after a year of racial violence mostly confined to townships for the 24 million blacks and 2.8 million people of mixed race.South Africa’s racial turmoil September, 1984: Prime Minister P W. Botha becomes state president under new constitution that includes voting nghts for Asians and coloreds (people of mixed race], but excludes 24 million blacks October: Anglican Bishop Desmond Tutu wins Nobel Peace Prize. In sweeps through not-tom townships, 340 are arrested November: Thousands pin general strike against use of army in townships; 22 are killed December: Government brings treason charges against 31 activists, including leaders of United Democratic Front, largest anti-apartheid group January, 1985: Botha offers to free Nelson Mandela, jailed leader of banned Afncan National Congress (ANC), if hell renounce violence Mandela says government must first renounce violence, lift ban and free other imprisoned leaders February: Rumors that government plans move of 100,000 squatters from shanty town near Cape Town trigger riots, 18 die March: Police shoot into a crowd of black marchers in Uitenhage. killing 20, on the 25th anniversary of 1960 Sharpeville riots. May: Black trade union leader Andries Raditsela dies of head injuries two days after police detain him Two other activists later die in similar circumstances June: South African troops raid alleged ANC targets in Botswana, killing 12 U S recalls its ambassador in protest Bodies of prominent black activist Matthew Gomwe and three colleagues are found stabbed and burned in eastern Cape Province July 20: Botha declares state of emergency in 36 black towns, the first since 1960 Police and soldiers are given sweeping powers to make arrests and impose curfews and censorship beginning July 21 July 25: In the first five days of the state of emergency, nearly 800 persons had been arrested and 15 have died Chicago Tribune Graphic Source Chicago Tribune news reports Ex-CIA agent to testify THE HAGUE. Netherlands (AP) Nicaragua will put an ex-CIA analyst on the witness stand this week to testify against his former employers as the Saudinista government resumes its World Court case against alleged U.S.-sponsored aggression. Oral arguments begin Thursday before the panel, a 16-judge judicial arm of the United Nations. The United States, which has supported Nicaraguan guerrillas fighting to oust the Sandmistas, is boycotting the legal proceedings, claiming the case involves political questions not resolvable by a court. The Reagan administration also asserts that Nicaragua is using the tribunal, formally known as the International Court of Justice, as a propaganda forum. Professor Abram Chaves of Harvard University I-aw School, a member of Nicaragua’s legal team, predicts that a ruling in Nicaragua’s favor will undermine Reagan policy toward the Sandimsta government and buttress international support for Nicaragua. In earlier proceedings, the Nicaraguan government claimed that the U.S. government was mounting “armed attacks” to undermine it. Chaves, in a telephone interview, told The Associated Press last week that Nicaragua’s legal strategy will be to carefully substantiate all its claims of population casualties and damage to property and its economy. Among the witnesses Nicaragua will field are its finance minister. William Huper, who will testify to general economic damage, and Deputy Interior Minister Luis Carrion, who will report on attacks by the Nicaraguan rebels, known as Contras. Chaves said the other witnesses will be Michael Glennon, a University of Cincinnati law professor who investigated alleged atrocities committed by Contras in Nicaragua, and former CIA analyst David MacMichael. MacMichael was under contract to the CIA in 1981-83, but left the agency after disputing U.S. claims of Nicaraguan support for the leftist rebels in nearby El Salvador. The U.S. government said it was supporting anti-Sandinista rebels in order to interdict such alleged military shipments. When MacMichael testifies Thursday or Friday, he will cite what Nicaragua claims is the lack of evidence for U.S. charges that the Sandmistas are supporting the Salvadoran rebels. Chaves said. Chaves, former State Department legal adviser under President Kennedy, said he expects a decision in November or December, and a ruling on damages early next year. A court spokesman, who spoke in exchange for anonymity, called Chaves’ timetable “a bit premature,” and noted the court also is considering a dispute between Libya and Tunisia over continental-shelf jurisdiction. The only financial claim advanced by Nicaragua in the proceedings is one for $375 million in property damage. Whatever the final ruling on Nicaragua’s financial claims or its petition for a halt to alleged U.S.-sponsored aggression, the court has no enforcement powers. “Though unenforceable, it (a favorable ruling! will have an impact on the political context in w hich these issues will be resolved.” Chaves said. “The Reagan administration needs to sustain its Central American policies in Congress.” Speaking with reporters last Wednesday in Washington. Chaves also asserted that despite the October 1984 congressional cutoff of military funding for the Contras, the United States has continued to control the Contra war against the Sandimsta government. Briefly Fighting flares as peace urged BEIRUT, lebanon (AP) — Lebanon’s prime nu rn Ste r called for the deployment of Syrian troops in Beirut Saturday, as gunbattles thundered across the center of the city Moslems carried on a bloods of a Palestinian camp “I say it frankly, an effective force must be deployed in Beirut to enforce all security plans that have been agreed to but failed to be fully implemented,” Prune Minister Rashid Karami declared after an emergency meeting with other Moslem leaders in the capital. “I see no other force capable of doing this but the Syrian army.” A few hours later, a 120-inan company of Syrian special forces with a 20-man team of intelligence agents, moved into the Christian town of Zahle, 32 miles east of Beirut, security sources in Zahle reported by telephone The Syrians, in camouflage combat fatigues and helmets, began patrolling the streets and surrounded the town's Palace of Justice, the sources said. However, the operation was not seen as a direct response to Karami’s appeal. Protesting bargers block French rivers PARIS (AP > — Hundreds of barges blocked river traffic around France on Saturday to protest alleged unfair competition from the state-owned railway system. Scattered blockades began over the previous week, and more river barges joined the protest this weekend. Barge owners said they would allow most commercial traffic to pass but would keep blocking pleasure craft Among craft prevented from sailing are those w hich ply the Seine in Paris carrying thousands of tourists each day. Barge owners also set up barricades along several rail lines and announced they intended to block traffic on a major highway leading out of Paris. The owners say they are being driven out of business by artificially low prices, particularly for hauling grain, being offered by the state-owned French National Railway Society. Guerrillas shoot down plane ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (AP) — A Bakhtar Afghan Airlines passenger plane was shot down as it took off from an airport in western Afghanistan, killing all 52 people on Stop Smoking By September lith (Guaranteed) lf you are a smoker, the time has come to stop. And stay stopped. In addition to the FREE introductory session where you may evaluate the program without any obligation, the program tuition is fully guaranteed. lf you are not completely satisfied your tuition will be refunded in full. McKenna Hospital New Braunfels For More Information CALL: 1-692-7728 I1 I I I II FREE INTRODUCTORY SESSION I ■ ■ ■ Sunday, September 8th, 2 & 7 p.m.l I Munday,■^September 9th 2 & 7 p.m.] T roops fell rebel base SERRA DA GORONGOZA, Mozambique (AP) — Mozambican and Zimbabwean forces demolished the command center of Mozambique’s main rebel group and killed hundreds of guerrillas, according to Mozambique’s national news agency. The Mozambique News Agency said the attack occurred Aug. 28, but the government’s announcement was delayed until Saturday, the lith anniversary of the end of Mozambique’s successful war for independence from Portugal. “We have broken the back of the snake,” President Samora Machel was quoted by the news agency as saying after touring the ruins of the rebel headquarters, code-named “Casa Banana,” on Gorongoza Mountain in central Manica Province. “The tail will still thrash around for a while. Now we arc pursuing the head of the snake.” The joint forces, in a series of strikes carried out during the past two months against the rebel group, the anti-communist Mozambican National Resistance, also destroyed two other bases, according to the agency report. It said the rebel leader, Afonso Dhlakama, escaped from Casa Banana on a motorbike as government troops closed in. A Zimbabwean government spokesman, who declined to be identified in accordance with civ! service regulations, confirmed tha Zimbabwean troops had participate in the attacks. The news agency reported that th assault began at dawn on Aug. 2 with bombing raids followed by drop of paratroopers. The rebels, who normally issu their statements in Lisbon, Portugal did not report the Casa Banana al tack. But in an indirect reference t recent fighting, a communiqu released in Libson Saturday deniei that Dhlakama had been woundei and said Robert Mugabe, the prirm minister of Zimbabwe, and Mach? “will pay dearly for this massacn against the Mozambican people." The National Resistance wa: formed in 1977 with the backing of tin white-minority government ii Rhodesia to fight Mozambique': Marxist rulers who were supporting black guerrillas fighting for in dependence in Rhodesia. Rhodesia, i former British colony, was renamec Zimbabwe and established black majority rule after gaining in dependence on April 18.1980. Zimbabwe halted the deliveries ol arms and supplies to the Mozart] bican rebels, but South Africa too) over as their main supporter until South Africa and Mozambique signee a non-aggression treaty iii Marc) 1984.Plane makes emergency landing PARIS (AP) — A Pakistan International Airlines 747 carrying about 400 passengers made an emergency landing Saturday at Paris’ Orly Airport after an air traffic controller saw something fall from the plane as it took off, officials said. No injuries were reported Sajjad Ahmed, station manager for the airline, said the air traffic controller ordered the pilot to circle above tile airport, using up fuel before attempting an emergent! landing. After circling for about an hour the pilot attempted one landing bul aborted it. He landed safely on tin second attempt, although two of tin plane’s tires blew out. Ahmed said. The flight originated in london aru was traveling to Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan.ANationwide _. Savings r>w/// Extravaganza board, Afghanistan’s official Kabul radio said Saturday. Kabul radio, run by Afghanistan’s Communist government, said Islamic guerrillas shot down the plane Wednesday using an American-made ground-to-air nussile. The broadcast, monitored in Islamabad, said all 47 passengers and five crew members aboard the plane were killed. It did not identify the type of plane. It said the plane was taking off from Kandahar airport when it was hit. The station said the attack proved the direct complicity of the U.S. government in running the guerrilla war, it said. There was no iiiunediate comment from Afghan guerrilla groups based in Pakistan. 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